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Study sets matching "methods"

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Study sets matching "methods"

51 terms
Methods
5 elements
observing and recording -skills
observing and recording - who you obse…
Basic principals
Ideological, Physical, Cultural, Social, Emotional
able to watch something while not looking at them(Dual brain)…
• Individuals children ... • Groups of children ( small or whole…
• be clear on the need for and purpose of assessing... • ensure…
5 elements
Ideological, Physical, Cultural, Social, Emotional
observing and recording -skills
able to watch something while not looking at them(Dual brain)…
10 terms
methods
roast
steam
bake
boil
roast
steam
94 terms
methods
cueing
three types of goals
' Client will produce a sentence to de…
Client will utilize finger tracing whi…
Different types of skills require different types of cues, di…
1. Production goal: language, articulation, etc.... e.g., Clien…
production goal
strategy goal:... teach a strategy to achieve a result. The end…
cueing
Different types of skills require different types of cues, di…
three types of goals
1. Production goal: language, articulation, etc.... e.g., Clien…
47 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Variables
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
testing different methods of learning, conditioning, etc to s…
Explores questions that are of interest to psychologists but…
things that can vary among the participants in the research.…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
Applied Research
testing different methods of learning, conditioning, etc to s…
90 terms
Methods
Scientific
Empirical
Ethics
Validity
An investigation is conducted according to procedures standar…
An investigation is based on phenomena which we experience th…
The commitment to conducting research with: 1) full respect f…
The quality of accuracy; types: External, Internal, Measurement
Scientific
An investigation is conducted according to procedures standar…
Empirical
An investigation is based on phenomena which we experience th…
81 terms
methods
inductive.
deductive
elements of the social research process
order of research process
research then theory. qualitative
theory then research. quantitative
lit review. concepts and theories. research questions. sampli…
choose problem and hypothesis. formulate research design. dat…
inductive.
research then theory. qualitative
deductive
theory then research. quantitative
16 terms
Methods
Dialysis
Centrifugation
Salting Out
Chromatography
For purifying proteins based on MW... Put a semipermeable membra…
G forces push heavier molecules to the bottom, creates a pell…
Separates based on solubility diffs... Chose concentration where…
Separate based on physico-chemical properties... tbt to the bixi…
Dialysis
For purifying proteins based on MW... Put a semipermeable membra…
Centrifugation
G forces push heavier molecules to the bottom, creates a pell…
10 terms
Methods
The Series Method by Gouin
Total Physical response (TPR) James As…
The Silent Way by Caleb Gattegno
Audio-Lingual Method - Army Method
Receive by ears not by sight. fluency focused, students taugh…
Lang+physical activity. T=command & models action. T=command…
DISCOVERY LEARNING. Rods. problem solving. develops learner i…
Skinner- correct behavior=positive response, mistakes=negativ…
The Series Method by Gouin
Receive by ears not by sight. fluency focused, students taugh…
Total Physical response (TPR) James As…
Lang+physical activity. T=command & models action. T=command…
64 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic research
Hypothesis
The human tendency to believes we knew something even before…
experiment in which their is a very practical and foreseeable…
Research which has interests in psychology but has little imp…
A statement that express the relationship between two variabl…
Hindsight Bias
The human tendency to believes we knew something even before…
Applied Research
experiment in which their is a very practical and foreseeable…
33 terms
Methods
5 point scale
social skills
social competence
functional play
Choose target behavior, Decide on content for each scale poin…
behaviors that are learned and performed
judgements of those behaviors by others
appropriate use of an object or association of objects
5 point scale
Choose target behavior, Decide on content for each scale poin…
social skills
behaviors that are learned and performed
20 terms
Methods
The mixed methods approach works best…
background of the study site
The Sa'dabad could be considered a sym…
conducting interviews with visitors
with this exploratory as well as confirmatory purpose, the mi…
in addition to this significant historical event
enrich visitors' onsite experiences ... the richness of this sit…
identifying place meanings associated with symbols at the Alamo
The mixed methods approach works best…
with this exploratory as well as confirmatory purpose, the mi…
background of the study site
in addition to this significant historical event
10 terms
METHODS
situational language teaching
audiolingualism
CLT
CLIL
Language of instruction: English.... Emphasis on spoken language…
Focus on sentence patterns.... Repetition and drills lead to hab…
Focus on meaning.... Focus on functional language.... Emphasis on i…
Language learning combined with subject.... Focus on exchange of…
situational language teaching
Language of instruction: English.... Emphasis on spoken language…
audiolingualism
Focus on sentence patterns.... Repetition and drills lead to hab…
60 terms
Methods
lazarsfeld
Tosh Quantitative History
integrative
Tosh criticism
suggests a commensurability between administrative and critic…
even seemingly non-quantitative hypotheses are reducible to n…
1) Source factors... 2) Media content; audience usage... 3) Media c…
External; evaluating a document for authenticity; Internal: c…
lazarsfeld
suggests a commensurability between administrative and critic…
Tosh Quantitative History
even seemingly non-quantitative hypotheses are reducible to n…
36 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and other thin…
Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
Research that explores questions that are of interest to psyc…
Statement that expresses a relationship between the independe…
Hindsight Bias
Tendency upon hearing about research findings (and other thin…
Applied Research
Research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
37 terms
Methods
Theory
Hypothesis
Positive Correlation
Negative Correlation
general framework or idea
testable proposition derived from your theory
When variables a & b both go up or both go down
When variable a goes up but variable b goes down (vice-versa)
Theory
general framework or idea
Hypothesis
testable proposition derived from your theory
37 terms
Methods
Structuring skills 1
Structuring skills 2
Structuring skills - Conduct an assess…
Nonverbal Cues 1
Do no harm (be ethical and know your law)... Therapy is not guar…
Avoid giving solutions but help to guide them through their p…
Nonverbal behavior... Structured assessment... Developmental histor…
six ways to recognize how nonverbal cues support verbal messa…
Structuring skills 1
Do no harm (be ethical and know your law)... Therapy is not guar…
Structuring skills 2
Avoid giving solutions but help to guide them through their p…
76 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Variables
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
testing different methods of learning, conditioning, etc to s…
Explores questions that are of interest to psychologists but…
things that can vary among the participants in the research.…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
Applied Research
testing different methods of learning, conditioning, etc to s…
47 terms
Methods
Pisiform
Hypothenar
metacarpal
digital
finger tips
Pisiform
Hypothenar
57 terms
Methods
hindsight bias
applied research
basic research
hypothesis
the tendency upon hearing about research findings to think th…
type of research that has clear and practical applications
type of research that explores important questions but does n…
expresses a relationship between two variables
hindsight bias
the tendency upon hearing about research findings to think th…
applied research
type of research that has clear and practical applications
66 terms
METHODS
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Independent Variable
"knew it all along" effect, determinism after an event has oc…
scientific study and research that looks to solve practical p…
used to improve scientific theories to understand natural or…
a variable whose variation does not depend on that of another
Hindsight Bias
"knew it all along" effect, determinism after an event has oc…
Applied Research
scientific study and research that looks to solve practical p…
40 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Applied Research
Basic Research
Hypothesis
The tendency upon hearing the results of a study and then say…
Clear, practical research that give real-world applications i…
Explores questions that are of interest to psychologists but…
Expresses a relationship between two variables
Hindsight Bias
The tendency upon hearing the results of a study and then say…
Applied Research
Clear, practical research that give real-world applications i…
Methods
Intuition
illusory correlation
authority
empericism
to know based on feeling, not conscious reasoning
when we focus on two events that stand out and occur together…
we believe what authority figures tell us is true
idea of knowledge based on observations (scientists)
Intuition
to know based on feeling, not conscious reasoning
illusory correlation
when we focus on two events that stand out and occur together…
22 terms
Methods
4 criteria for causality
2 ways of establishing causal inference
2 ways of measuring the DV
sample
- counterfactual difference... - temporal order... - isolation... - me…
1. Model-based studies ... --> main IV cannot be manipulated by…
1. time-series measure: spatial dimension the same for all ca…
subset of units collected from the population
4 criteria for causality
- counterfactual difference... - temporal order... - isolation... - me…
2 ways of establishing causal inference
1. Model-based studies ... --> main IV cannot be manipulated by…
55 terms
Methods
Hindsight Bias
Goal of Scientific Research
Applied Research
Basic Research
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
To predict what will happen in advance or the future.
testing different methods of learning, conditioning, etc to s…
Explores questions that are of interest to psychologists but…
Hindsight Bias
the tendency upon hearing about research findings (and many o…
Goal of Scientific Research
To predict what will happen in advance or the future.
57 terms
Methods
hindsight bias
applied research
basic research
hyothesis
the tendency upon hearing about research findings to think th…
type of research that has clear and practical applications
type of research that explores important questions but does n…
expresses a relationship between two variables
hindsight bias
the tendency upon hearing about research findings to think th…
applied research
type of research that has clear and practical applications
15 terms
methods
false consensus effect
population
random sample
naturalistic observation
tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our…
consists of all the members of a group being studied
one that is representative because every member of the popula…
involves observing and recording behavior in naturally occurr…
false consensus effect
tendency to overestimate the extent to which others share our…
population
consists of all the members of a group being studied
22 terms
methods
cause
constant
controlled experiment
control
...
A value that does not change
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
In an experiment, the standard that is used for comparison
cause
...
constant
A value that does not change
22 terms
Methods
Nominal
Ordinal
Interval
Ratio
Equal categories (race, sex, colors) (Frequency and percentage)
Ranking categories
Assigns numbers (IQ) no zero
Assigns numbers (# of push ups) has zero (mean and standard d…
Nominal
Equal categories (race, sex, colors) (Frequency and percentage)
Ordinal
Ranking categories
62 terms
Methods
hindsight bias
applied research
basic research
hypothesis
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge b…
a testable prediction, often implied by a theory
hindsight bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one…
applied research
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
20 terms
Methods
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
A systematically organized way of learning about or examining…
The first step to carrying out the scientific process. Involv…
Using prior knowledge to figure something out or to develop a…
A testable statement that relies on information gathered from…
Science
A systematically organized way of learning about or examining…
Observation
The first step to carrying out the scientific process. Involv…
16 terms
methods
Explain and predict:
Observation:
Quantified:
Theory-oriented:
history does NOT repeat itself, difference in past and presence
primary sources are original documents like polls data collec…
Can not measure it it does not exist... tolerance implies a will…
produce e=mc^2, laws, models, equations, theories, as accurat…
Explain and predict:
history does NOT repeat itself, difference in past and presence
Observation:
primary sources are original documents like polls data collec…
29 terms
Methods
Hindsight bias:
Applied research:
Basic research:
Hypothesis:
tendency upon hearing about research findings to think that y…
research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
research that explores questions that are of interest to psyc…
a statement that expresses a relationship between two variables
Hindsight bias:
tendency upon hearing about research findings to think that y…
Applied research:
research that psychologists conduct to solve practical proble…
14 terms
Methods
3 things gained from Interpretivist me…
One strength and one weakness of unstr…
Example of unstructured interview
Main problem with field experiments an…
Validity, verstehen and insight
Can gain rapport but it is time-consuming
Dobash and Dobash
Can't control variables as shown by Sissons
3 things gained from Interpretivist me…
Validity, verstehen and insight
One strength and one weakness of unstr…
Can gain rapport but it is time-consuming
12 terms
Methods
CN3 (oculomotor)
CN6 (abducens)
CN3 (oculomotor)
CN3 (oculomotor)
CN of MR
CN of LR
CN of SR
CN of IR
CN3 (oculomotor)
CN of MR
CN6 (abducens)
CN of LR
12 terms
Methods
Lindblom Method
Norgaard Method
Stecher Method
Lauenstein Method
AP Axial Chest. "Lordotic Position". Upper border of light ~3…
"Ball Catchers". Diagnoses rheumatoid arthritis. Demonstrates…
20 deg angulation that places the scaphoid at right angles to…
...
Lindblom Method
AP Axial Chest. "Lordotic Position". Upper border of light ~3…
Norgaard Method
"Ball Catchers". Diagnoses rheumatoid arthritis. Demonstrates…
21 terms
Methods
These 3 methods in the 1970s were focu…
Dialogues and mechanical drills make u…
In this method, a silent period is exp…
What is the basis behind the Communica…
CLL, Silent Way, Suggestopedia
ALM
TPR
proficiency - Savignon
These 3 methods in the 1970s were focu…
CLL, Silent Way, Suggestopedia
Dialogues and mechanical drills make u…
ALM
107 terms
Methods
Methods
Two types of research
Basic research
Applied research
Methods
Basic research and applied research
Have a question, looking for an answer because they are inter…
Engaging in research to solve problems/questions... Useful resea…
Methods
Methods
Two types of research
Basic research and applied research
12 terms
Methods
Applied Research
Basic Research
Sample
Population
Clear, practical applications
Questions that are of interest to psychologists, not intended…
Group of participants
Group where participants are selected.
Applied Research
Clear, practical applications
Basic Research
Questions that are of interest to psychologists, not intended…
26 terms
Methods
hindsight bias
applied research
basic research
hypothesis
people have the tendency upon hearing research findings to th…
research that has clear, practical applications
research that explores questions that are of interest to psyc…
expresses a relationship between two variables
hindsight bias
people have the tendency upon hearing research findings to th…
applied research
research that has clear, practical applications
47 terms
Methods
naturalistic observation
experimental studies
case studies
growth mindset
a descriptive method of observing + recording behavior in nat…
a research method where researching isolates the effect of on…
examines one individual in depth in the hope of revealing thi…
mindset that intelligence can be developed; greater free will
naturalistic observation
a descriptive method of observing + recording behavior in nat…
experimental studies
a research method where researching isolates the effect of on…
30 terms
Methods
Independent T test
Independent T test assumptions
Mann-Whitney
Mann-Whitney Assumptions
used to determine if two separate groups differ in means on a…
2 independent groups... equal variance = 0.05... normal distributio…
Difference in ranks/medians between two groups ... used to dete…
2 independent groups... interval, ordinal, ratio scale
Independent T test
used to determine if two separate groups differ in means on a…
Independent T test assumptions
2 independent groups... equal variance = 0.05... normal distributio…
48 terms
Methods
experimental ablation/lesion
aspiration lesion
electrolytic lesion
excitotoxic lesion
removal or destruction of a portion of brain of (usually) a l…
lesion produced by removing tissue via suction; rarely used
lesion produced by passing an electrical current through an e…
lesion produced by intracerebral infusion of an excitatory am…
experimental ablation/lesion
removal or destruction of a portion of brain of (usually) a l…
aspiration lesion
lesion produced by removing tissue via suction; rarely used
23 terms
Methods
Non-probability sampling
Convenience samples
Purposive sampling
Snowball sample
Informants instead of subjects.... (absence of randomization)
the use of readily available participants
Used when a researcher has a specific reason for selecting pa…
when the potential members of the sample are difficult to ide…
Non-probability sampling
Informants instead of subjects.... (absence of randomization)
Convenience samples
the use of readily available participants
20 terms
Methods
method
information hiding
caller
calling a method
a sequence of statements that have been grouped together (mak…
can hide details of the method from the user (just send a JAR…
one who invokes a method
invoking a method by using its name
method
a sequence of statements that have been grouped together (mak…
information hiding
can hide details of the method from the user (just send a JAR…
14 terms
Methods
Primary Data
Examples Of Primary Data
Secondary Data
Examples Of Secondary Data
Data that is taken directly by sociologists for there own pur…
Social Surveys- Involves asking people questions in a written…
Information that has already been collected by another sociol…
Official Statistics- Produced by the government on a wide ran…
Primary Data
Data that is taken directly by sociologists for there own pur…
Examples Of Primary Data
Social Surveys- Involves asking people questions in a written…
8 terms
METHODS
Under Water Weighing
Air Displacement
BIA
Total Body Water
The volume of a subject submerged in water = the volume of wa…
Same as UWW but uses air, measures the volume of air a person…
An electric current is passed through the the body is opposed…
Measured using dilution techniques, given an isotope tracer o…
Under Water Weighing
The volume of a subject submerged in water = the volume of wa…
Air Displacement
Same as UWW but uses air, measures the volume of air a person…
9 terms
Methods
1 method
Correlational
Naturalistic
Achievement test
Descriptive
A measure of association / describes relationship and are sou…
Observing the natural world
What you know/achieved
1 method
Descriptive
Correlational
A measure of association / describes relationship and are sou…
8 terms
methods
square root method
Completing the square
Factoring
Quadratic Formula
ONLY when theirs one x2
need 1x2 and B needs to be even
Must be = to 0
must be = to 0
square root method
ONLY when theirs one x2
Completing the square
need 1x2 and B needs to be even
45 terms
Methods
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Experiment
A fact gathered with your 5 senses that may have a degree of…
Educated guess based on observations that can never be 100% c…
An educated guess
A scientific procedure to test a hypothesis
Observation
A fact gathered with your 5 senses that may have a degree of…
Inference
Educated guess based on observations that can never be 100% c…
16 terms
Methods
3 types of methods used to study biops…
Deficit-lesion method
Logic
Stereotaxic instrument
1. lesions & ablations... 2. simulation... 3. recordings
*existing brain damage (less accurate)... *induce brain damage (…
if a patient cannot do thing X, then the execution of thing X…
*anesthetized rat is placed in instrument... *use stereotaxic at…
3 types of methods used to study biops…
1. lesions & ablations... 2. simulation... 3. recordings
Deficit-lesion method
*existing brain damage (less accurate)... *induce brain damage (…
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