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Study sets matching "microbio chapter 19"

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Study sets matching "microbio chapter 19"

25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Taxonomy
What are the 3 parts of taxonomy?
Natural Classification Systems
Artificial Classification
Science of biological classification
1. ID - Organisms are characterized... 2. Classification - Put…
Arrange living things into groups whose members share lots of…
Looks at just one characteristic
Taxonomy
Science of biological classification
What are the 3 parts of taxonomy?
1. ID - Organisms are characterized... 2. Classification - Put…
42 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
Types of Anthrax
What causes anthrax? How is it treated?
Describe Bacillus as a genus
What are the spore forming Bacilli?
1) Cutaneous... 2)Pulmonary... 3)Gastrointestinal
Bacillus antracis... Treatment = PCN, tetracycline or cipro; vac…
Large, block-shaped rods... Gram-positive, endospore forming, mo…
Genus Bacillus... Genus Clostridium... Genus Sporolactobacillus
Types of Anthrax
1) Cutaneous... 2)Pulmonary... 3)Gastrointestinal
What causes anthrax? How is it treated?
Bacillus antracis... Treatment = PCN, tetracycline or cipro; vac…
125 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Review the structures and functions of…
Explain why skin surface is typically…
What is the causal agent of folliculit…
What are the gram-reaction, cell shape…
- 3 main layers... - Not all bacteria can grow in the skin (Tula…
salty, acidic, and dry
Staphylococcus aureus
spherical, clusters or clumps, gram positive
Review the structures and functions of…
- 3 main layers... - Not all bacteria can grow in the skin (Tula…
Explain why skin surface is typically…
salty, acidic, and dry
30 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type I - Ana…
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type II - Cy…
ABO blood group system, the types, who…
refers to an antigenic response beyond what is considered nor…
reactions caused by certain antigens combine with IgE antibod…
involves the activation of complement by the combination of I…
a persons ABO blood type depends on the presence or absence o…
Hypersensitivity
refers to an antigenic response beyond what is considered nor…
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type I - Ana…
reactions caused by certain antigens combine with IgE antibod…
35 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
the upper tract consists of
the lower tract consists of
the most common portal of entry
first line respiratory defenses
mouth, nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx
trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
the respiratory tract
nasal hairs, cilia, mucus
the upper tract consists of
mouth, nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, epiglottis, larynx
the lower tract consists of
trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
41 terms
Microbiology-Chapter 19
Infection Refers To:
Disease
Microbiota
Mutualism
Relationship between host & microbe- the competition for supr…
Any change from the general state of good health - if host lo…
Microbes that reside in the body w/out causing disease. (In s…
Both host and microbe benefits.
Infection Refers To:
Relationship between host & microbe- the competition for supr…
Disease
Any change from the general state of good health - if host lo…
62 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
epidemiology
communicable disease
non-communicable disease
incidence
the study of epidemics
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
do not spread from host to host
how many became ill
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
communicable disease
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
119 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
The two components of the nervous syst…
____________, _________, and _________…
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ________…
________-brain barrier protects and pr…
CNS, PNS
bony casings, cerebrospinal fluid, meninges
encases, clear, nutrients
blood
The two components of the nervous syst…
CNS, PNS
____________, _________, and _________…
bony casings, cerebrospinal fluid, meninges
62 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
epidemiology
communicable disease
non-communicable disease
incidence
the study of epidemics
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
do not spread from host to host
how many became ill
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
communicable disease
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
21 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Folliculitis
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Scarlet Fever
Erysipelas
Staphylococcal infection that includes pimples, stys, abscess…
Exotoxin production by S. aureus toxin that travels through b…
Streptococcal infection with prophage; super antigens activat…
Caused by B-hemolytic streptococcus pyogenes; generate toxic…
Folliculitis
Staphylococcal infection that includes pimples, stys, abscess…
Scalded Skin Syndrome
Exotoxin production by S. aureus toxin that travels through b…
42 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
epidemiology
symptoms
signs
Communicable disease
the study of epidemics
the change in body function that the patient feels. ... ex. abdo…
observable ... ex. Rash or Jaundice
illness that can be spread from person to person
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
symptoms
the change in body function that the patient feels. ... ex. abdo…
16 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Components of the Nervous System
Functions of the Nervous system
Brain and Spinal Cord
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
1. Central Nervous System- Consists of the brain and spinal c…
1. Motor... 2. Integrate... 3. Sensory- Sensory receptors at the en…
-Made up neurons... -Brain surrounded by meninges: Dura mater, a…
-Fills the sub-arachnoid space... -Clear, serum-like fluid... -Prov…
Components of the Nervous System
1. Central Nervous System- Consists of the brain and spinal c…
Functions of the Nervous system
1. Motor... 2. Integrate... 3. Sensory- Sensory receptors at the en…
107 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Microorganisms and Ecology
Ecosystem
Habitat
Abiotic Factors
- Microorganisms play a large role in ecology... - All ecosystem…
- The sum total of all organisms and abiotic factors in a par…
- Portion of an ecosystem where a community could reside... - An…
- Nonliving things that could potentially affect organisms ... -…
Microorganisms and Ecology
- Microorganisms play a large role in ecology... - All ecosystem…
Ecosystem
- The sum total of all organisms and abiotic factors in a par…
81 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
hypersensitivity
hypersensitivity
anaphylactic, cytotoxic, immune comple…
hypersensitivity
antigenic response beyond normal
occurs when sensitized by previous exposure to an antigen (al…
four types of hypersensitivity
hygiene hypothesis suggests that limiting exposure to pathoge…
hypersensitivity
antigenic response beyond normal
hypersensitivity
occurs when sensitized by previous exposure to an antigen (al…
10 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Define Hypersensitivity
4 Types of Hypersensitivity Reactions
Type I (Anaphylactic) Reactions
Systemic Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic sho…
-Refers to an antigenic response beyond that which is conside…
-Type I (anaphylactic), Type II (cytotoxic), Type III (immune…
-Involve the production of IgE antibodies that bind to mast c…
-Can result when an individual sensitized to an antigen is ex…
Define Hypersensitivity
-Refers to an antigenic response beyond that which is conside…
4 Types of Hypersensitivity Reactions
-Type I (anaphylactic), Type II (cytotoxic), Type III (immune…
23 terms
microbiology chapter 19
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
anatomical
second third
o Mouth... o Nose... o Nasal cavity... o Sinuses... o Throat or pharynx... o…
o Trachea... o Bronchi... o Bronchioles... o Alveoli
______________ protection from infection:... Nasal hair traps p…
_________ and _________ lines of defense... Complement... Antimic…
upper respiratory tract
o Mouth... o Nose... o Nasal cavity... o Sinuses... o Throat or pharynx... o…
lower respiratory tract
o Trachea... o Bronchi... o Bronchioles... o Alveoli
36 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Malassezia
Staphylococcus
Propionibacterium acnes
Folliculitis
Small lipophilic yeast that digest sebum
Aerobic, gram positive, facultative, cocci clusters
Problematic diptheroid. Lives in hair follicles and ferments…
Bacterial infection of hair follicle(pimple)... Eyelid - sty... Fur…
Malassezia
Small lipophilic yeast that digest sebum
Staphylococcus
Aerobic, gram positive, facultative, cocci clusters
15 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Immunity: two parts
Immunology
Immune system
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguishes foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Immunity: two parts
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
17 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19 Terms
attack rate
case-fatality rate
communicable disease
endemic
The percentage of a individuals developing illness in a popul…
Percentage of people dying of a given disease within a specif…
An infectious disease that can be transmitted from one host t…
A disease or other occurrence that has a much higher incidenc…
attack rate
The percentage of a individuals developing illness in a popul…
case-fatality rate
Percentage of people dying of a given disease within a specif…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Toxemia
Viremia
Primary infections
Secondary infection
Toxins in the blood
Viruses in the blood
Acute infections that cause the initial illness
Opportunistic infection after the primary infection
Toxemia
Toxins in the blood
Viremia
Viruses in the blood
78 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Hypersensitivity... Immunodeficiency
Hypersensitivity
Immunodeficiency
Immediate (Type 1)... Cytotoxic (Type 2)…
Two types of immunological disorders
Type of immunological reaction where an over-reaction of the…
Type of immunological reaction where an under-reaction of the…
Four types of hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity... Immunodeficiency
Two types of immunological disorders
Hypersensitivity
Type of immunological reaction where an over-reaction of the…
83 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Two parts of immunity
Immunology
What does the immune system do?
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguish foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Two parts of immunity
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
23 terms
microbiology chapter19
hypersensitivity
Four types of hypersensitivity:
Hygiene hypothesis suggests that
Cytotoxic reactions
Antigenic response beyond normal... Occurs when sensitized by pr…
anaphylactic, cytotoxic, immune complex, delayed cell-mediated
limiting exposure to pathogens may lower immune tolerance and…
activation of complement by combination of IgG or IgM antibod…
hypersensitivity
Antigenic response beyond normal... Occurs when sensitized by pr…
Four types of hypersensitivity:
anaphylactic, cytotoxic, immune complex, delayed cell-mediated
36 terms
chapter 19 microbiology
hypersensitivity reactions
1) anaphylactic ... 2) cytotoxic... 3) immun…
type I (anaphylactic)
type II (cytotoxic)
responses to antigens (allergens) leading to damage
what are the 4 types of hypersensitivity reactions?
<30 min (2nd exposure) very risky
5-12hours (blood type)
hypersensitivity reactions
responses to antigens (allergens) leading to damage
1) anaphylactic ... 2) cytotoxic... 3) immun…
what are the 4 types of hypersensitivity reactions?
25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
(1) Endospore-formers, (2) non-endospo…
Genus Bacillus
Bacillus antracis
Cutaneous, pulmonary, and gastrointest…
The 3 groups of medically important Gram-positive Bacilli
Gram-positive, endospore forming, motile rods. Mostly saprobi…
Large, block-shaped rods. Central spores that develop under a…
Three types of anthrax
(1) Endospore-formers, (2) non-endospo…
The 3 groups of medically important Gram-positive Bacilli
Genus Bacillus
Gram-positive, endospore forming, motile rods. Mostly saprobi…
75 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Meningitis, acute encephalitis, rabies…
meningitis
meninges
Neisseria meningitis and Haemophills i…
nervous system diseases
inflammation of the meninges
membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord
Bacteria and viruses responsible for meningitis
Meningitis, acute encephalitis, rabies…
nervous system diseases
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
50 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
Which form of anthrax involves a black…
This type of anthrax is called "wool-s…
A. capsule and exotoxins are virulence factors.
E. All of the choices are correct.
E. None of the choices are correct.
A. pulmonary.
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
A. capsule and exotoxins are virulence factors.
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
E. All of the choices are correct.
15 terms
MICROBIOLOGY Chapter 19
Which of the following does histamine…
Which of the following would NOT be an…
A patient enters the emergency room wi…
Which of the following is FALSE concer…
anaphylactic shock
hay fever
localized; urticaria
IgE binds to mast cells or basophils.
Which of the following does histamine…
anaphylactic shock
Which of the following would NOT be an…
hay fever
10 terms
Chapter 19 microbiology
The most common STD in the United Stat…
Is the most common cause of pneumonia…
Gas gangrene is always Caused by
The bacterial species most frequently…
Chlamydia trachomatis
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Clostridium spp
S. Pyogenes
The most common STD in the United Stat…
Chlamydia trachomatis
Is the most common cause of pneumonia…
Streptococcus pneumoniae
19 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
The dermis
The oily lipid recreated by glands in…
the most sever form of acne is
which of the following is not associat…
contains a waterproofing protein
sebum
cystic acne
pyocyanin
The dermis
contains a waterproofing protein
The oily lipid recreated by glands in…
sebum
95 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
arboviruses
epidemiology
infection
disease
a virus transmitted by arthropods (i.e. insects)
the scientific study of the source, cause, and transmission o…
the relationship between two organisms and the competition fo…
any change from the general state of good health
arboviruses
a virus transmitted by arthropods (i.e. insects)
epidemiology
the scientific study of the source, cause, and transmission o…
55 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
symbiosis
communicable diseases
opportunistic infections
physical barriers
inter relationship between two different types of organisms;…
number one cause of death in children
causes by commensals taking advantage of a shift in the body'…
skin, lining of the gut, respiratory, genitourinary systems,…
symbiosis
inter relationship between two different types of organisms;…
communicable diseases
number one cause of death in children
45 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
Which form of anthrax involves a black…
This type of anthrax is called "wool-s…
B. anaerobic
E. All of the choices are correct.
C. cutaneous
A. pulmonary
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
B. anaerobic
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
E. All of the choices are correct.
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Diseases that can be transmitted from…
The natural habitat of a pathogen is r…
puerperal fever.
Semmelweis.
communicable.
reservoir.
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
puerperal fever.
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Semmelweis.
26 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19-22
biofilms
resistance
random collisions
pseudomonas aeruginosa
a surface coating colony of prokaryotic that engage in metabo…
what advantage does biofilms give to organisms?
how do biofilms form?
which organism is notorious for forming biofilms?
biofilms
a surface coating colony of prokaryotic that engage in metabo…
resistance
what advantage does biofilms give to organisms?
40 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Structure of the nervous system
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory nerves
•Central nervous system (CNS)... •Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
- Nerves that transfer commands between the CNS and muscles a…
Carry signals towards the CNS
Structure of the nervous system
•Central nervous system (CNS)... •Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
43 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19-21 Diseases / Pathogens
Pharyngitis
necrotizing fasciitis
osteomyelitis
Scalded Skin Syndrome
B: S. pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus) ... RT: respiratory dropl…
B: S. pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus)... RT: respiratory drople…
B: S. aureus... RT: direct contact between individuals, fomites…
B: S. aureus... RT: direct contact, fomites are route of transmi…
Pharyngitis
B: S. pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus) ... RT: respiratory dropl…
necrotizing fasciitis
B: S. pyogenes (Group A Streptococcus)... RT: respiratory drople…
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Diseases that can be transmitted from…
The natural habitat of a pathogen is r…
puerperal fever.
Semmelweis.
communicable.
reservoir.
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
puerperal fever.
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Semmelweis.
112 terms
Chapter 19 - Fundamentals of Microbiology (Pommerville)
Arbovirus
Infection
Disease
Microbiome
Virus transmitted by arthropods. (insects)
The multiplication of a microbe in a host that produces infla…
Any change from the general state of good health that leads t…
Population of microbes that reside in and on the body.
Arbovirus
Virus transmitted by arthropods. (insects)
Infection
The multiplication of a microbe in a host that produces infla…
Microbiology chapter 19 Gantar
Meningitis
Encephalitis
Bacterial Meningitis
Hemophilus influenza
An infection of the membranes.... Causes: ... Bacteria - streptococ…
Infection of the brain.... Bacteria cause disease in two ways:... 1…
Symptoms:... Sudden high fever and severe meningeal inflammation…
Gr negative bacteria, normal throat microflora.... Causes mening…
Meningitis
An infection of the membranes.... Causes: ... Bacteria - streptococ…
Encephalitis
Infection of the brain.... Bacteria cause disease in two ways:... 1…
10 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Which of the following is an example o…
Which of the following would be the ea…
Which of the following methods of dise…
Which of the following statements is f…
a) Table
b) A disease that occurs exclusively in humans, always result…
a) Airborne
b) Droplet nuclei fall quickly to the ground.
Which of the following is an example o…
a) Table
Which of the following would be the ea…
b) A disease that occurs exclusively in humans, always result…
19 terms
Terms Chapter 19 - Microbiology
Over response
Under response
Type 1 reaction (anaphylactic)
Type 2 reactions (cytotoxic)
1. Hypersensitivity ... 2. Autoimmune... 3. Allergy ... 4. Anaphylaxis…
1. Disease ... 2. Cancer... 3. Immune Suppression
*Antibody: IgE... *Basophils and eosinphil ... *IgE antibody bind t…
*Antibody: IgG & IgM... *Antibody and complement ... *complement ac…
Over response
1. Hypersensitivity ... 2. Autoimmune... 3. Allergy ... 4. Anaphylaxis…
Under response
1. Disease ... 2. Cancer... 3. Immune Suppression
44 terms
Microbiology Exam Chapter 19
All of the following are true of hyper…
The chemical mediators of anaphylaxis…
Which of the following may result from…
Which antibodies will be in the serum…
it occurs when an individual is exposed to an allergen for th…
found in basophils and mast cells.
shock
anti-A
All of the following are true of hyper…
it occurs when an individual is exposed to an allergen for th…
The chemical mediators of anaphylaxis…
found in basophils and mast cells.
69 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
t cells
b cells
platelets
Antigen (Ag)
cell-medicated immunity
produce antibodies
blood clotting
substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodies…
t cells
cell-medicated immunity
b cells
produce antibodies
48 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
The type of symbiotic relationship Esc…
People who have substantial meat in th…
When a parasitic organism grows and mu…
Organisms that cause disease only when…
Parasitism
Bacteroides.
Infection
opportunist pathogen
The type of symbiotic relationship Esc…
Parasitism
People who have substantial meat in th…
Bacteroides.
90 terms
microbiology chapter 19
skin microbiota
folliculitis
carbuncles
folliculitis pathogen
yeast (malassezia)... staphylococcus, micrococcus, diphtheroids
infection of the hair follicle, aka pimple
occur when multiple furuncles (boils) caused by folliculitis…
staphylococcus
skin microbiota
yeast (malassezia)... staphylococcus, micrococcus, diphtheroids
folliculitis
infection of the hair follicle, aka pimple
23 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19 treatments
Staphylococcus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcus agalactiae
Streptococcus pneumoniae
-penicillin (only for works for 5%)... -methicillin... -Vancomycin…
-Penicillin... -Erythromycin... -Cephalosporin... -Bacitracin
Penicillin G
Penicillin
Staphylococcus
-penicillin (only for works for 5%)... -methicillin... -Vancomycin…
Streptococcus pyogenes
-Penicillin... -Erythromycin... -Cephalosporin... -Bacitracin
65 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Staphylococcus aureus: general charact…
Staphylococcus aureus: physiology
Staphylococcus aureus: transmission
Staphylococcus aureus diseases: scalde…
Gram positive, clusters,
catalase positive, salt tolerant, desiccation tolerant
direct contact or fomites
outer skin layer peels of in sheets. ... virulence factor: exfol…
Staphylococcus aureus: general charact…
Gram positive, clusters,
Staphylococcus aureus: physiology
catalase positive, salt tolerant, desiccation tolerant
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Two parts of immunity
Immunology
What does the immune system do?
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguish foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Two parts of immunity
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
46 terms
Microbiology- Chapter 19 Antibiotics
Discovery of penicillin
How many antibiotics are produced annu…
Why do microorganisms produce antibiot…
Antibiotics molecules are exported in…
Alexander Fleming accidentally contaminated a plate with fung…
12,500 tons
part of their survival mechanism
inactive form... Extracellular enzymes
Discovery of penicillin
Alexander Fleming accidentally contaminated a plate with fung…
How many antibiotics are produced annu…
12,500 tons
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