Study sets matching "microbio chapter 19"

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Study sets matching "microbio chapter 19"

25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Taxonomy
What are the 3 parts of taxonomy?
Natural Classification Systems
Artificial Classification
Science of biological classification
1. ID - Organisms are characterized... 2. Classification - Put…
Arrange living things into groups whose members share lots of…
Looks at just one characteristic
Taxonomy
Science of biological classification
What are the 3 parts of taxonomy?
1. ID - Organisms are characterized... 2. Classification - Put…
30 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type I - Ana…
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type II - Cy…
ABO blood group system, the types, who…
refers to an antigenic response beyond what is considered nor…
reactions caused by certain antigens combine with IgE antibod…
involves the activation of complement by the combination of I…
a persons ABO blood type depends on the presence or absence o…
Hypersensitivity
refers to an antigenic response beyond what is considered nor…
Hypersensitivity Reaction Type I - Ana…
reactions caused by certain antigens combine with IgE antibod…
42 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
Types of Anthrax
What causes anthrax? How is it treated?
Describe Bacillus as a genus
What are the spore forming Bacilli?
1) Cutaneous... 2)Pulmonary... 3)Gastrointestinal
Bacillus antracis... Treatment = PCN, tetracycline or cipro; vac…
Large, block-shaped rods... Gram-positive, endospore forming, mo…
Genus Bacillus... Genus Clostridium... Genus Sporolactobacillus
Types of Anthrax
1) Cutaneous... 2)Pulmonary... 3)Gastrointestinal
What causes anthrax? How is it treated?
Bacillus antracis... Treatment = PCN, tetracycline or cipro; vac…
62 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
epidemiology
communicable disease
non-communicable disease
incidence
the study of epidemics
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
do not spread from host to host
how many became ill
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
communicable disease
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
125 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Review the structures and functions of…
Explain why skin surface is typically…
What is the causal agent of folliculit…
What are the gram-reaction, cell shape…
- 3 main layers... - Not all bacteria can grow in the skin (Tula…
salty, acidic, and dry
Staphylococcus aureus
spherical, clusters or clumps, gram positive
Review the structures and functions of…
- 3 main layers... - Not all bacteria can grow in the skin (Tula…
Explain why skin surface is typically…
salty, acidic, and dry
42 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
epidemiology
symptoms
signs
Communicable disease
the study of epidemics
the change in body function that the patient feels. ... ex. abdo…
observable ... ex. Rash or Jaundice
illness that can be spread from person to person
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
symptoms
the change in body function that the patient feels. ... ex. abdo…
62 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
epidemiology
communicable disease
non-communicable disease
incidence
the study of epidemics
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
do not spread from host to host
how many became ill
epidemiology
the study of epidemics
communicable disease
contagious, transmitted from host to host or interactions bet…
7 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Describe how the structure of the skin…
List and describe the factors that con…
Describe the signs, symptoms, pathogen…
Describe the signs, symptoms, pathogen…
Functions of the skin... 1. Prevents excessive water loss... 2. Reg…
...
Folliculitis... signs and symptoms ... Infection of the hair follic…
Poxvirus... signs and symptom: ... 1. macule... 2. papule... 3. Vesicle... 4…
Describe how the structure of the skin…
Functions of the skin... 1. Prevents excessive water loss... 2. Reg…
List and describe the factors that con…
...
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Define Hypersensitivity
4 Types of Hypersensitivity Reactions
Type I (Anaphylactic) Reactions
Systemic Anaphylaxis (Anaphylactic sho…
-Refers to an antigenic response beyond that which is conside…
-Type I (anaphylactic), Type II (cytotoxic), Type III (immune…
-Involve the production of IgE antibodies that bind to mast c…
-Can result when an individual sensitized to an antigen is ex…
Define Hypersensitivity
-Refers to an antigenic response beyond that which is conside…
4 Types of Hypersensitivity Reactions
-Type I (anaphylactic), Type II (cytotoxic), Type III (immune…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Toxemia
Viremia
Primary infections
Secondary infection
Toxins in the blood
Viruses in the blood
Acute infections that cause the initial illness
Opportunistic infection after the primary infection
Toxemia
Toxins in the blood
Viremia
Viruses in the blood
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Malassezia
Staphylococcus
Propionibacterium acnes
Folliculitis
Small lipophilic yeast that digest sebum
Aerobic, gram positive, facultative, cocci clusters
Problematic diptheroid. Lives in hair follicles and ferments…
Bacterial infection of hair follicle(pimple)... Eyelid - sty... Fur…
Malassezia
Small lipophilic yeast that digest sebum
Staphylococcus
Aerobic, gram positive, facultative, cocci clusters
15 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Immunity: two parts
Immunology
Immune system
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguishes foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Immunity: two parts
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
17 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19 Terms
attack rate
case-fatality rate
communicable disease
endemic
The percentage of a individuals developing illness in a popul…
Percentage of people dying of a given disease within a specif…
An infectious disease that can be transmitted from one host t…
A disease or other occurrence that has a much higher incidenc…
attack rate
The percentage of a individuals developing illness in a popul…
case-fatality rate
Percentage of people dying of a given disease within a specif…
36 terms
chapter 19 microbiology
hypersensitivity reactions
1) anaphylactic ... 2) cytotoxic... 3) immun…
type I (anaphylactic)
type II (cytotoxic)
responses to antigens (allergens) leading to damage
what are the 4 types of hypersensitivity reactions?
<30 min (2nd exposure) very risky
5-12hours (blood type)
hypersensitivity reactions
responses to antigens (allergens) leading to damage
1) anaphylactic ... 2) cytotoxic... 3) immun…
what are the 4 types of hypersensitivity reactions?
78 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Hypersensitivity... Immunodeficiency
Hypersensitivity
Immunodeficiency
Immediate (Type 1)... Cytotoxic (Type 2)…
Two types of immunological disorders
Type of immunological reaction where an over-reaction of the…
Type of immunological reaction where an under-reaction of the…
Four types of hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity... Immunodeficiency
Two types of immunological disorders
Hypersensitivity
Type of immunological reaction where an over-reaction of the…
83 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Two parts of immunity
Immunology
What does the immune system do?
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguish foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Two parts of immunity
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
19 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
The dermis
The oily lipid recreated by glands in…
the most sever form of acne is
which of the following is not associat…
contains a waterproofing protein
sebum
cystic acne
pyocyanin
The dermis
contains a waterproofing protein
The oily lipid recreated by glands in…
sebum
50 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
Which form of anthrax involves a black…
This type of anthrax is called "wool-s…
A. capsule and exotoxins are virulence factors.
E. All of the choices are correct.
E. None of the choices are correct.
A. pulmonary.
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
A. capsule and exotoxins are virulence factors.
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
E. All of the choices are correct.
Microbiology Chapter 19
(1) Endospore-formers, (2) non-endospo…
Genus Bacillus
Bacillus antracis
Cutaneous, pulmonary, and gastrointest…
The 3 groups of medically important Gram-positive Bacilli
Gram-positive, endospore forming, motile rods. Mostly saprobi…
Large, block-shaped rods. Central spores that develop under a…
Three types of anthrax
(1) Endospore-formers, (2) non-endospo…
The 3 groups of medically important Gram-positive Bacilli
Genus Bacillus
Gram-positive, endospore forming, motile rods. Mostly saprobi…
Microbiology Chapter 19
Meningitis, acute encephalitis, rabies…
meningitis
meninges
Neisseria meningitis and Haemophills i…
nervous system diseases
inflammation of the meninges
membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord
Bacteria and viruses responsible for meningitis
Meningitis, acute encephalitis, rabies…
nervous system diseases
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
15 terms
MICROBIOLOGY Chapter 19
Which of the following does histamine…
Which of the following would NOT be an…
A patient enters the emergency room wi…
Which of the following is FALSE concer…
anaphylactic shock
hay fever
localized; urticaria
IgE binds to mast cells or basophils.
Which of the following does histamine…
anaphylactic shock
Which of the following would NOT be an…
hay fever
95 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
arboviruses
epidemiology
infection
disease
a virus transmitted by arthropods (i.e. insects)
the scientific study of the source, cause, and transmission o…
the relationship between two organisms and the competition fo…
any change from the general state of good health
arboviruses
a virus transmitted by arthropods (i.e. insects)
epidemiology
the scientific study of the source, cause, and transmission o…
45 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
Which form of anthrax involves a black…
This type of anthrax is called "wool-s…
B. anaerobic
E. All of the choices are correct.
C. cutaneous
A. pulmonary
Characteristics of Bacillus anthracis…
B. anaerobic
Anthrax is:... A. a zoonosis.... B. transmi…
E. All of the choices are correct.
Microbiology: Chapter 19
symbiosis
communicable diseases
opportunistic infections
physical barriers
inter relationship between two different types of organisms;…
number one cause of death in children
causes by commensals taking advantage of a shift in the body'…
skin, lining of the gut, respiratory, genitourinary systems,…
symbiosis
inter relationship between two different types of organisms;…
communicable diseases
number one cause of death in children
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Diseases that can be transmitted from…
The natural habitat of a pathogen is r…
puerperal fever.
Semmelweis.
communicable.
reservoir.
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
puerperal fever.
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Semmelweis.
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Diseases that can be transmitted from…
The natural habitat of a pathogen is r…
puerperal fever.
Semmelweis.
communicable.
reservoir.
Another name for childbed fever is... S.…
puerperal fever.
The doctor responsible for introducing…
Semmelweis.
26 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19-22
biofilms
resistance
random collisions
pseudomonas aeruginosa
a surface coating colony of prokaryotic that engage in metabo…
what advantage does biofilms give to organisms?
how do biofilms form?
which organism is notorious for forming biofilms?
biofilms
a surface coating colony of prokaryotic that engage in metabo…
resistance
what advantage does biofilms give to organisms?
40 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Structure of the nervous system
Central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Sensory nerves
•Central nervous system (CNS)... •Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
- Nerves that transfer commands between the CNS and muscles a…
Carry signals towards the CNS
Structure of the nervous system
•Central nervous system (CNS)... •Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and Spinal Cord
Microbiology Chapter 19
Which of the following is an example o…
Which of the following would be the ea…
Which of the following methods of dise…
Which of the following statements is f…
a) Table
b) A disease that occurs exclusively in humans, always result…
a) Airborne
b) Droplet nuclei fall quickly to the ground.
Which of the following is an example o…
a) Table
Which of the following would be the ea…
b) A disease that occurs exclusively in humans, always result…
69 terms
Microbiology chapter 19
t cells
b cells
platelets
Antigen (Ag)
cell-medicated immunity
produce antibodies
blood clotting
substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodies…
t cells
cell-medicated immunity
b cells
produce antibodies
Microbiology Chapter 19
The type of symbiotic relationship Esc…
People who have substantial meat in th…
When a parasitic organism grows and mu…
Organisms that cause disease only when…
Parasitism
Bacteroides.
Infection
opportunist pathogen
The type of symbiotic relationship Esc…
Parasitism
People who have substantial meat in th…
Bacteroides.
Microbiology Chapter 19
The two components of the nervous syst…
____________, _________, and _________…
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ________…
________-brain barrier protects and pr…
CNS, PNS
bony casings, cerebrospinal fluid, meninges
encases, clear, nutrients
blood
The two components of the nervous syst…
CNS, PNS
____________, _________, and _________…
bony casings, cerebrospinal fluid, meninges
90 terms
microbiology chapter 19
skin microbiota
folliculitis
carbuncles
folliculitis pathogen
yeast (malassezia)... staphylococcus, micrococcus, diphtheroids
infection of the hair follicle, aka pimple
occur when multiple furuncles (boils) caused by folliculitis…
staphylococcus
skin microbiota
yeast (malassezia)... staphylococcus, micrococcus, diphtheroids
folliculitis
infection of the hair follicle, aka pimple
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Staphylococcus aureus: general charact…
Staphylococcus aureus: physiology
Staphylococcus aureus: transmission
Staphylococcus aureus diseases: scalde…
Gram positive, clusters,
catalase positive, salt tolerant, desiccation tolerant
direct contact or fomites
outer skin layer peels of in sheets. ... virulence factor: exfol…
Staphylococcus aureus: general charact…
Gram positive, clusters,
Staphylococcus aureus: physiology
catalase positive, salt tolerant, desiccation tolerant
23 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19 treatments
Staphylococcus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcus agalactiae
Streptococcus pneumoniae
-penicillin (only for works for 5%)... -methicillin... -Vancomycin…
-Penicillin... -Erythromycin... -Cephalosporin... -Bacitracin
Penicillin G
Penicillin
Staphylococcus
-penicillin (only for works for 5%)... -methicillin... -Vancomycin…
Streptococcus pyogenes
-Penicillin... -Erythromycin... -Cephalosporin... -Bacitracin
11 terms
Chapter 19 Microbiology
Hypersensitivity
Allergen
Immediate vs. Delayed Hypersensitivities
Type I (Anaphylaxis) Reactions
Altered immune reactions (in response to an antigen) leading…
An antigen that stimulates a hypersensitivity response
Immediate -- Based on humoral immunity -- includes types I, I…
Occur when an antigen stimulates IgE products -- SENSITIZATIO…
Hypersensitivity
Altered immune reactions (in response to an antigen) leading…
Allergen
An antigen that stimulates a hypersensitivity response
Microbiology: Chapter 19
Two parts of immunity
Immunology
What does the immune system do?
Innate
- innate... - adaptive
study of the components and processes of the immune system
distinguish foreign substances from self structures
non-specific
Two parts of immunity
- innate... - adaptive
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
108 terms
Microbiology Exam 4: Chapter 19
Bacteria cause diseases through ______…
Bacteria cause diseases through factor…
Bacteria cause diseases through factor…
Bacteria cause diseases through factor…
adherence and colonization factors
activation of complement
phagocytosis
destruction
Bacteria cause diseases through ______…
adherence and colonization factors
Bacteria cause diseases through factor…
activation of complement
12 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 19
symptoms of meningitis
results of gram staining the CSF
viral meningitis
causative agent of rabies
headache, stiff neck, fever, and petichiae - purple places on…
gram positive diplococci for pneumococcal meningitis and a ne…
less severe but more common and can be fought off by your imm…
bullet shaped RNA virus with helical capsid and envelope
symptoms of meningitis
headache, stiff neck, fever, and petichiae - purple places on…
results of gram staining the CSF
gram positive diplococci for pneumococcal meningitis and a ne…
Microbiology Chapter 19
Immunology
Innate
Adaptive
Innate immune defenses
study of the components and processes of the immune system
non specific immunity
specific immunity
found in all multicellular organisms, provide a first line of…
Immunology
study of the components and processes of the immune system
Innate
non specific immunity
15 terms
chapter 19 microbiology
arteries
vein
serum
formed elements
carry blood away from the heart
carry blood to the heart
liquid part of blood
erythrocytes leukocytes and platelets
arteries
carry blood away from the heart
vein
carry blood to the heart
60 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Immunology
Foreign self
Two
Innate adaptive
The study of the components and processes of the immune system
The immune system distinguishes _________________ substances…
Vertebrates possess ________ systems of immunity.
The ___________________ immune system is non-specific, while…
Immunology
The study of the components and processes of the immune system
Foreign self
The immune system distinguishes _________________ substances…
Microbiology Chapter 19
presence or absence of endospores and…
genus bacillus
saprobic bacteria
bacillus anthracis and anthrax
gram positive bacilli based on
includes large # of mostly saprobic bacteria
anaerobic, catalse +, non fastidious
one of the largest of all bacteria, discovered by Koch, used…
presence or absence of endospores and…
gram positive bacilli based on
genus bacillus
includes large # of mostly saprobic bacteria
67 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Epidemiology
Communicable (contagious) diseases
Non-communicable diseases
rate/absolute number
study of epidemics; distributions, causes of diseases... in a po…
Transmitted from one host to another: measles, colds, influen…
Do not spread from host to host (eg. CVD, cancer, COPD)
Epidemiologists generally are more concern with ____ rather t…
Epidemiology
study of epidemics; distributions, causes of diseases... in a po…
Communicable (contagious) diseases
Transmitted from one host to another: measles, colds, influen…
50 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
What are the 2 major groups of gram po…
Discuss the structure and physiology o…
What are the 2 main species of staphyl…
What are the 3 features enabling the p…
Low G+ C bacteria and high G+C bacteria
Has gram positive cocci, nonmotile, and faculative anaerobes.…
Staphylococcus aureus- more virulent strain and variety of co…
infections result when staphylococci breach boys physical bar…
What are the 2 major groups of gram po…
Low G+ C bacteria and high G+C bacteria
Discuss the structure and physiology o…
Has gram positive cocci, nonmotile, and faculative anaerobes.…
30 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19: Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Communicable diseases
Non-communicable diseases
Attack rate
Study of disease patterns in populations
Contagious... Transmitted from one host to another... Determined by…
Do not spread host to host... Infection often arises from host's…
Percentage of people who become ill in population after expos…
Epidemiology
Study of disease patterns in populations
Communicable diseases
Contagious... Transmitted from one host to another... Determined by…
43 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Hypersensitivity reactions are a condi…
All hypersensitivity reactions require…
With a hypersensitivity reaction what…
What are the 4 types of hypersensitivi…
a harmeless non self Ag (allergen) triggers a strong adverse…
sensitized immune state of the host.
1st contact no reaction, but immune cells respond and create…
Anaphylactic (TypeI)... Cytotoxic (Type II)... Immune Complex (Type…
Hypersensitivity reactions are a condi…
a harmeless non self Ag (allergen) triggers a strong adverse…
All hypersensitivity reactions require…
sensitized immune state of the host.
Microbiology Chapter 19
Impetigo
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Necrotizing fasciitis
Herpes... "To creep"
S. Aureus & streptococcus pyogens.... Forms a thick honey colore…
S. Aureus... Sloughing of skin... Treatment=Synthetic Penicillin Va…
Streptococcus Pyogens... Flu-like symptoms. Destroying tissue.…
Herpesvirus ... Flu-like symptoms... Itchy, painful blisters... Treatm…
Impetigo
S. Aureus & streptococcus pyogens.... Forms a thick honey colore…
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
S. Aureus... Sloughing of skin... Treatment=Synthetic Penicillin Va…
Microbiology - Chapter 19
Allergen
Anaphylactic reactions
Cytotoxic reactions
Immune complex reactions
occurs when sensitized by previous exposure to an antigen
Type I Reactions
Type II Reactions
Type III Reactions
Allergen
occurs when sensitized by previous exposure to an antigen
Anaphylactic reactions
Type I Reactions
14 terms
Microbiology Chapter 19
Graft versus host Disease
Multiple Sclerosis
Immune Serveillance
Rheumatoid Arthritis
A condition that occurs when a transplanted tissue ... has an…
a demyelinating disease in which the insulating ... covers of…
The body's immune response to cancer.
a long lasting autoimmune disorder that primarily ... affects…
Graft versus host Disease
A condition that occurs when a transplanted tissue ... has an…
Multiple Sclerosis
a demyelinating disease in which the insulating ... covers of…
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