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Study sets matching "microbiology 3"

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Study sets matching "microbiology 3"

19 terms
microbiology 3
viruses
virion
capsid
glycoproteins
obligate intracellular parasites
extracellular state
protein coat surrounding nucleic acid
on surface and recognize specific host cell
viruses
obligate intracellular parasites
virion
extracellular state
15 terms
Microbiology #3
sterilization
disinfection
antisepsis
sanitation
kills all viable organisms, including bacterial endospores (&…
removal of microbes from an inanimate surface
removal of microbes from a living surface
reducing level of microbes to a safe level
sterilization
kills all viable organisms, including bacterial endospores (&…
disinfection
removal of microbes from an inanimate surface
284 terms
Microbiology 3
What are 2 types of systems
An open system does not exchange energ…
Bacteria can carry what
ATP is a what
open and close
outside sources
energy/ATP
nucleosidtryphosphate
What are 2 types of systems
open and close
An open system does not exchange energ…
outside sources
24 terms
Microbiology 3
Corynebacterium diptheriae
Bordetella pertussis
Human Papillomavirus
Neisseria meningitidis
diptheria
whooping couhg
Genital Warts, cervical cancer
meningitis
Corynebacterium diptheriae
diptheria
Bordetella pertussis
whooping couhg
117 terms
Microbiology Exam 3
RNA polymerase is required for what?
Conjugation always requires what?
DNA replication in prokaryotes is norm…
only prokaryotes can do this because t…
transcription
cell-to-cell contact
proofread
coupling of transcription and translation
RNA polymerase is required for what?
transcription
Conjugation always requires what?
cell-to-cell contact
27 terms
Microbiology 3
Mycoses
Protozoa are classified by
Fungus
Aflatoxin
A fungal disease
Motility
Can exist as a yeast or a mold
Poisonous cancer causing chemical produces by molds
Mycoses
A fungal disease
Protozoa are classified by
Motility
Microbiology 3
Theodore Svedberg
Frederick Griffith
Dmitri Ivanovsky
Martinus Beijerinck
Invented ultracentrifugation
Griffith's Mice Experiment
Tobacco mosaic disease is caused by an infectious agent
Tobacco mosaic disease is not caused by a bacteria done by fi…
Theodore Svedberg
Invented ultracentrifugation
Frederick Griffith
Griffith's Mice Experiment
55 terms
microbiology 3
what are the components of DNA
which bases bond with each other
genetic code
expression of a gene
double stranded helix, each strand has a sugar phosphate back…
A-T... C-G
Genotype
phenotype
what are the components of DNA
double stranded helix, each strand has a sugar phosphate back…
which bases bond with each other
A-T... C-G
12 terms
MICROBIOLOGY 3
Inhibitors of DNA
Quinolones
Metronidazole
Nitrofurantoin
Quinolones... •Fluorquinolones... •Metronidazole... •Nitrofurantoin... •G…
Effective vs enteric Gm- bacteria except Pseudomonas.
Effective vs obligate anaerobes such as Bacteroides, Clostrid…
Usefull in Rx of many urinary pathogens excluding Proteus, Ps…
Inhibitors of DNA
Quinolones... •Fluorquinolones... •Metronidazole... •Nitrofurantoin... •G…
Quinolones
Effective vs enteric Gm- bacteria except Pseudomonas.
100 terms
Microbiology 3
The term ____ applies to all of the ch…
____ is the process by which a cell is…
____ is the process by which various c…
The conservation of energy from chemic…
metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
oxidation-reduction reactions
The term ____ applies to all of the ch…
metabolism
____ is the process by which a cell is…
Anabolism
microbiology 3
gram-negative bacilli
gram-positive cocci
staph-aureaus protein extoxins
staphylococcal disease
Pseudomonas aeruginosa... Klebsiella spp.... Escherichia coli... Acine…
Staphylococcus aureus ... Streptococcus pneumoniae
-pore-forming toxins ex. panton-valentine toxin, community ac…
skin... -furuncle (boil)... -Carbuncle (several boils)... skin & soft…
gram-negative bacilli
Pseudomonas aeruginosa... Klebsiella spp.... Escherichia coli... Acine…
gram-positive cocci
Staphylococcus aureus ... Streptococcus pneumoniae
64 terms
Microbiology .3
eukaryotic cells
prokaryotic cells
virus
genome
with a nucleus (plant and animal)
no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
non-living infectious particles consisting of proteins and nu…
where genes are located in virus; can be DNA or RNA; codes fo…
eukaryotic cells
with a nucleus (plant and animal)
prokaryotic cells
no nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
28 terms
microbiology 3
virus requires
mycology
thallus
hypha
living host cells
study of fungi
body of a mold of fleshly fungus joined together by hypae
long fillaments of cells, that are joined together composing…
virus requires
living host cells
mycology
study of fungi
24 terms
Microbiology 3
Attackers of our bodies
Mechanical defenders:
Chemical defenders:
Commensal/normal flora probiotic defen…
Bacterium, virus or protozoan.
Skin (epidermis), secretions (mucus, saliva, tear flow), Moti…
Sebum in skin (oil and fatty acids for low pH), Lyzosome in t…
out compete disease, produce toxins against disease causing b…
Attackers of our bodies
Bacterium, virus or protozoan.
Mechanical defenders:
Skin (epidermis), secretions (mucus, saliva, tear flow), Moti…
105 terms
Microbiology 3
cell theory states
both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells…
binary fission
plasma membrane
the cell is the smallest form of life, all life forms are com…
methods of reproduction (cell division, binary fission, mitos…
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
cell theory states
the cell is the smallest form of life, all life forms are com…
both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells…
methods of reproduction (cell division, binary fission, mitos…
205 terms
microbiology 3
normal flora
occurrence of normal flora
mutualism
commensalism
microbes that normally live in or on your body without causin…
skin & mucous membranes, GI Tract, upper respiratory tract, u…
both benefit
one benefits the other remains unaffected
normal flora
microbes that normally live in or on your body without causin…
occurrence of normal flora
skin & mucous membranes, GI Tract, upper respiratory tract, u…
77 terms
Microbiology 3
IL 1
IL 2
IL 3
IL 4
causes fever, increase phagocytosis
recruits everyone, most powerful chemotactic factor, responsi…
causes B cell proliferation
converts IgG to IgE, increase phagocytosis, "time to make a c…
IL 1
causes fever, increase phagocytosis
IL 2
recruits everyone, most powerful chemotactic factor, responsi…
82 terms
Microbiology 3
virus
obligate intracellular parasites
capsid
nucleocapsid
small, acellular particles that only can replicate within liv…
viruses cannot replicate independently
protective protein shell
genome and capsid together
virus
small, acellular particles that only can replicate within liv…
obligate intracellular parasites
viruses cannot replicate independently
40 terms
Unit 3 Microbiology
Growth
Discrete Colongy
Biofilm
Chemotrophs
Referring to an increase in the size of population of microbe…
Aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell.
a collection of microbes living on a surface in a complex com…
Organisms that acquire energy from redox reactions involving…
Growth
Referring to an increase in the size of population of microbe…
Discrete Colongy
Aggregation of cells arising from a single parent cell.
112 terms
Microbiology 3
Sepsis
STERILIZATION
What this best way to achieve complete…
What's the minimum temperature needed…
Bacterial contamination
The complete elimination of all microorganisms and their endo…
AUTOCLAVE
- 121°C at 15 p.s.i. of steam for 10-15 minutes, or more depe…
Sepsis
Bacterial contamination
STERILIZATION
The complete elimination of all microorganisms and their endo…
48 terms
Microbiology 3
Chapter 10
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Let's eat!
Total of all chemical reactions in the cell
Breaking down molecules and thus, making energy.... Fueling reac…
Making molecules through certain pathways that require energy…
Chapter 10
Let's eat!
Metabolism
Total of all chemical reactions in the cell
77 terms
microbiology 3
Normal microbiota of the skin
Exanthem
Enanthem
Skin terms
mainly gram positive
skin rash that arises from another focus of infection. Ex. ch…
mucous membrane rash arising from another site
vesicle- raised w/ fluid inside... pustule- raised w/ pus pocket…
Normal microbiota of the skin
mainly gram positive
Exanthem
skin rash that arises from another focus of infection. Ex. ch…
11 terms
Microbiology 3
Um
chromophore
Smear
Resolution
...
...
...
ability of the lenses to distinguish fine detail
Um
...
chromophore
...
93 terms
Microbiology #3
replication
bacterial chromosomes
types of protein synthesis
transcription (where in cell)
reproducing DNA stands. 1 chromosome is converted into 2 iden…
1 per cell. circular. replicate in 2 directions using DNA pol…
transcription and translation
making a stand of RNA using DNA as a template. happens in nuc…
replication
reproducing DNA stands. 1 chromosome is converted into 2 iden…
bacterial chromosomes
1 per cell. circular. replicate in 2 directions using DNA pol…
40 terms
microbiology 3
Most fungi are
Modern approaches to evolutionary taxo…
The mechanism by which genes are trans…
Media that changes color as a result o…
*aerobic or facultatively anaerobic.... obligate anaerobes.... obli…
biochemical differences.... *comparison of DNA and RNA.... protein…
ellipsis.... replica plating.... transformation.... *transduction.... con…
* usually contain a pH indicator in the media.... usually contai…
Most fungi are
*aerobic or facultatively anaerobic.... obligate anaerobes.... obli…
Modern approaches to evolutionary taxo…
biochemical differences.... *comparison of DNA and RNA.... protein…
35 terms
Microbiology #3
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
Streptomyces
Prokaryotic Membranes
Internal Membrane Systems
- a wide variety of sizes, shapes, and cellular aggregation p…
bacteria that form mycelium
1. consists of a phospholipid bilayer with hydrophobic surfac…
1. Photosynthetic bacteria may have complex infoldings of the…
Prokaryotic Cell Structure
- a wide variety of sizes, shapes, and cellular aggregation p…
Streptomyces
bacteria that form mycelium
304 terms
microbiology 3
wha do tse's cause?
what is astrocytic gliosis?
what is a species barrier?
what are the three categories of prion…
spongiform degeneration, neuronal loss, astrocytic glyosis
proliferation of astrocytes in damaged areas of the CNS, lead…
when prions are transmitted from one species to another, incu…
1. sporadic - (classical creutzfeld-jakob) arise as occassion…
wha do tse's cause?
spongiform degeneration, neuronal loss, astrocytic glyosis
what is astrocytic gliosis?
proliferation of astrocytes in damaged areas of the CNS, lead…
18 terms
Microbiology 3
Enterobius vermicularis
Guardia lamblia
Trichomonas vaginalis
Wuchereria bancrofti
roundworm, causes pinworm, after hatching in small intestine,…
diplomonad-"double cells" with 2 nuclei; explosive, foamy, di…
found in both men and women; men=asymptomatic and women=sympt…
"clogs" lymphatic system and slows things down; causes a chro…
Enterobius vermicularis
roundworm, causes pinworm, after hatching in small intestine,…
Guardia lamblia
diplomonad-"double cells" with 2 nuclei; explosive, foamy, di…
54 terms
Microbiology 3
Transduction
DNA Polymerase
Operon
Missense
The transfer of DNA from one cell to another by a bacteriopha…
Enzyme that synthesizes DNA by copying a DNA template.
The operator and promoter sites and structural genes they con…
A mutation that results in the substitution of an amino acid…
Transduction
The transfer of DNA from one cell to another by a bacteriopha…
DNA Polymerase
Enzyme that synthesizes DNA by copying a DNA template.
28 terms
Microbiology #3
Acid fast bacteria
amphitrichous
bacillus
binary fission
...
one hair, one flagellum on one end of the bacterium
...
...
Acid fast bacteria
...
amphitrichous
one hair, one flagellum on one end of the bacterium
32 terms
Microbiology 3
All staph are
When someone is talking about staph in…
Staph Aureus is
Direct contact by the hands is the sin…
Catalase +
Staph Aureus
opportunistic
infection
All staph are
Catalase +
When someone is talking about staph in…
Staph Aureus
44 terms
Microbiology 3
Alexander Fleming
Penicillin G
Therapeutic index
Broad spectrum
Discovered penicillin
First antibiotic
Highest concentration of antibiotics without causing adverse…
can kill all microbes including good bacteria; needed when th…
Alexander Fleming
Discovered penicillin
Penicillin G
First antibiotic
131 terms
Microbiology 3
Thermus aquaticus
Discovery of Thermus aquatics
where T aquatics is isolated from
T aquatics heat stable DNA polymerase
• Orange/yellow filamentous microorganisms... • Rod shaped... • Gra…
First isolated in Yellowstone National Park... • Research on pho…
• Found both in natural and man-made habitats... • Easily isolat…
Must produce enzymes that do not denature in the hot environm…
Thermus aquaticus
• Orange/yellow filamentous microorganisms... • Rod shaped... • Gra…
Discovery of Thermus aquatics
First isolated in Yellowstone National Park... • Research on pho…
69 terms
Microbiology: Lab Exam 3
bacteriaphage
lysis, decreases, plaques
single, one
B, T2
these are ultra microscopic agents which cause lysis of bacte…
bacteriaphage cause:... ___________ in broth cultures... turbidity…
A bacteriaphage dilution is used to estimate the number of ph…
In our bacteriaphage experiment we used E. coli ____ and the…
bacteriaphage
these are ultra microscopic agents which cause lysis of bacte…
lysis, decreases, plaques
bacteriaphage cause:... ___________ in broth cultures... turbidity…
19 terms
microbiology 3
sterilization
disinfection
sanitization
antisepsis
destruction or removal of all viable organisms
killing, inhibition, or removal or disease causing (pathogeni…
reduction of microbial population to levels deemed safe (base…
prevention of infection of living tissue by microorganisms
sterilization
destruction or removal of all viable organisms
disinfection
killing, inhibition, or removal or disease causing (pathogeni…
65 terms
Microbiology 3
Giardiasis (beaver fever)
Giardiasis infectious dose
Giardiasis symptoms
Crypotosporidiosis
Waterborne disease caused by Giardia lamblia (protozoan) thro…
10 cysts
Diarrhea, abdominal pain, gas
Caused by Cryptosporidium parvumn (protozoan) through ingesti…
Giardiasis (beaver fever)
Waterborne disease caused by Giardia lamblia (protozoan) thro…
Giardiasis infectious dose
10 cysts
60 terms
Microbiology 3
Gram + rods
Gram - cocci
Gram - rods
Gram - spirochetes
Bacillus, Listeria, Erysipelothrix, Corynebacterium, Nocardia…
Neisseria, Bordetella, Francisella, Haemophilus
Eikenella, Vibrio, Campylobacter, Helicobacter, Pseudomonas,…
Borrelia
Gram + rods
Bacillus, Listeria, Erysipelothrix, Corynebacterium, Nocardia…
Gram - cocci
Neisseria, Bordetella, Francisella, Haemophilus
26 terms
Microbiology 3
Haemoptysis
Periplasm
Pyogenic infection
Methanogens
Coughing up blood
Found in gram negative bacteria= the space between 2 semi per…
Pus forming
Are archae
Haemoptysis
Coughing up blood
Periplasm
Found in gram negative bacteria= the space between 2 semi per…
50 terms
microbiology 3
resident microbiota
mutualism
nonliving, human carriers, animals
direct contact with animal waste; eati…
normally nonpathogenic microorganism that are found on the bo…
bacteria in the human colon is an example of what kind of rel…
these are the three types of reservoirs where pathogens are m…
animal zooneses are typically obtained via these
resident microbiota
normally nonpathogenic microorganism that are found on the bo…
mutualism
bacteria in the human colon is an example of what kind of rel…
Microbiology 3
Characteristics of Fungi
mycology
hyphae
mycelium
1. Eucaryotes... 2. Nutrition by absorption ... most are saprotrop…
study of fungi
tubular filaments that comprise multicellular fungi
growth of mold containing all its hyphae
Characteristics of Fungi
1. Eucaryotes... 2. Nutrition by absorption ... most are saprotrop…
mycology
study of fungi
21 terms
Microbiology 3
Enveloped, spherical viruses with two…
Two types of retrovirus
Retrovirus replicates through a DNA in…
First identified in a patient with adu…
RetroVirus
Primarily oncogenic... Primarily immunosuppressive
provirus
Human T lymphotrophic virus HTLV-1
Enveloped, spherical viruses with two…
RetroVirus
Two types of retrovirus
Primarily oncogenic... Primarily immunosuppressive
84 terms
Microbiology 3
Constitutive genes
Regulated genes
Repressive genes
Inducible genes
Expressed at a fixed rate
Genes are expressed only as needed
Negative regulation
Positive genes
Constitutive genes
Expressed at a fixed rate
Regulated genes
Genes are expressed only as needed
43 terms
Microbiology 3
Immunology
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Memory
Science focusing on our body's response to what it considers…
non specific, natural, always present... First line of defense
Something you've acquired against specific item-specific targ…
body creates cells to help remember target... Reduce amount of t…
Immunology
Science focusing on our body's response to what it considers…
Innate Immunity
non specific, natural, always present... First line of defense
55 terms
Microbiology 3
Pathogen
Acute infection
Chronic infection
Colonization
Organism or virus causing a disease
An infection that generally develops slowly and lasts for mon…
An infection that generally develops slowly and lasts for mon…
Establishment and growth of a microorganism on a body surface
Pathogen
Organism or virus causing a disease
Acute infection
An infection that generally develops slowly and lasts for mon…
24 terms
microbiology 3
operon
regulon
proofreading
plasmid
A collection of genes that are in tandem on a chromosome and…
A group of genes and operons that share a biochemical functio…
An enzymatic activity of some nucleic acid polymerases that a…
Circular, extrachromosomal genetic elements
operon
A collection of genes that are in tandem on a chromosome and…
regulon
A group of genes and operons that share a biochemical functio…
36 terms
Microbiology 3
Components of fungi
Hyphal branches
How do fungi feed
Fungal growth
Branched filaments called hyphae which form a mass called myc…
Condia release a sexual spores which function in dispersal ,…
Chemorganotrophs feed by absorptive nutrition secreting extra…
Secretory vesicles are directed by the spitzenkorper
Components of fungi
Branched filaments called hyphae which form a mass called myc…
Hyphal branches
Condia release a sexual spores which function in dispersal ,…
126 terms
Microbiology #3
chemotherapy
chemotherapeutic agent
antimicrobial agent
antibiotic
The use of any chemical (drug) to treat any disease or condit…
Any drug used to treat any condition or disease
Any chemical (drug) used to treat an infectious disease, eith…
A substance produced by a microorganism that kills or inhibit…
chemotherapy
The use of any chemical (drug) to treat any disease or condit…
chemotherapeutic agent
Any drug used to treat any condition or disease
56 terms
Microbiology Exam - Lecture #3
Asexually
Binary fission, snapping division, and…
Binary fission
Binary Fission
How do prokaryotic cells reproduce?
What are the 3 main methods of prokaryotic cell reproduction?
Which of the 3 main methods of prokaryotic cell division is t…
Asexually
How do prokaryotic cells reproduce?
Binary fission, snapping division, and…
What are the 3 main methods of prokaryotic cell reproduction?
13 terms
Microbiology 2060 CH 3
The ability to distinguish fine detail…
A method of staining microorganisms wi…
A salt in which the color is in the po…
A stain that distinguishes objects on…
Resolution
Simple stain
Basic Dye
Differential stain
The ability to distinguish fine detail…
Resolution
A method of staining microorganisms wi…
Simple stain
278 terms
Microbiology #3
Innate Response
Following a break in your skin, phagoc…
Immunology
Goal of Immune System
first immunological, nonspecific, antigen-independent mechani…
innate immune response
study of development and function of cellular and humoral com…
to prevent infection by neutralization, lysis, or killing for…
Innate Response
first immunological, nonspecific, antigen-independent mechani…
Following a break in your skin, phagoc…
innate immune response
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