Study sets matching "microbiology and immunology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology and immunology"

180 terms
Microbiology 2800: Immunology
concerns about formaldehyde in vaccines
Of the following, which of these plays…
The innate system makes decisions base…
During an inflammatory process in resp…
-200 g pear has 12000 ug of formaldehyde... -vaccine has 100 ug…
APC's (antigen presenting cell)
Pattern-recognition molecules for quick identification
Neutrophils
concerns about formaldehyde in vaccines
-200 g pear has 12000 ug of formaldehyde... -vaccine has 100 ug…
Of the following, which of these plays…
APC's (antigen presenting cell)
Microbiology (immunology) test 4
antigen
antibodies
characteristics of antigen-antibody re…
natural (innate) immunity
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
glycoprotein substance developed by the doby in response to a…
1. they neutralize the tixins the pathogen makes (anti toxin)…
metchnikoff - described an immunity called "the cellular theo…
antigen
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
antibodies
glycoprotein substance developed by the doby in response to a…
80 terms
Jazmin's Microbiology and Immunology
Gram + Cell wall
Gram - Cell Wall
Organisms that are susceptible to gram…
What is common among disease causing m…
Thick... Contains teichoic acid... Does not block diffusion of anti…
Very thin... Cell wall has murein lipoprotein... Contains 3 layers…
Mycobacteria: Tuberculosis-bacterial infection and it is aqui…
Gram - rods, or gram - pleomorphic
Gram + Cell wall
Thick... Contains teichoic acid... Does not block diffusion of anti…
Gram - Cell Wall
Very thin... Cell wall has murein lipoprotein... Contains 3 layers…
52 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam 2
Humoral Immunity
Antibody
Antibodies
IgG
the production of specific antibodies against foreign cells o…
-large proteins found in plasma, lymph, and mucus... -produced i…
IgG... IgM... IgA... IgD... IgD
-secondary immune response... -80%... -monomer
Humoral Immunity
the production of specific antibodies against foreign cells o…
Antibody
-large proteins found in plasma, lymph, and mucus... -produced i…
131 terms
Microbiology Immunology for Final
immunology
innate immunity
acquired immunity
External defense factors of innate imm…
the study of the body's ability to distinguish self from non…
-nonspecific... -not inducible... -produces no immunology memory... -r…
-specific... -inducible... -produces immunological memory... -recognit…
skin... respiratory tract... digestive tract... genitourinary tract... eyes
immunology
the study of the body's ability to distinguish self from non…
innate immunity
-nonspecific... -not inducible... -produces no immunology memory... -r…
34 terms
Microbiology/Immunology: Bacteria (2)
Actinomyces
Clostridium
Mycobacterium
Corynebacterium
Gram positive branching rods.
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
Gram positive acid fast rods - Tuberculosis
Gram positive pleomorphic rods - Diphtheria
Actinomyces
Gram positive branching rods.
Clostridium
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
165 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 (Immunology)
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
pressure
IL-1... IL-6... TNF
innate
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
Name 3 cytokines that cause the heat of the inflammatory resp…
The __________ immune system is responsible for self-nonself…
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
pressure
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
57 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11: Immunology
Antigen that results in an allergic re…
The ability of the body to specificall…
Examples of antigens
Nonspecific immunity
Allergen
Immunity
Viruses, Bacteria, Toxins
Innate
Antigen that results in an allergic re…
Allergen
The ability of the body to specificall…
Immunity
19 terms
Microbiology & Immunology (Bacteria)
Bacteria
Bacteria - gram staining procedure
Bacteria - Ziehl and Nielsen's acid fa…
Bacteria - Ziehl and Nielsen's acid fa…
- gram positive... - gram negative
- apply crystal violet dye... - primary stain - all cells stain…
- stain - carbolfuchsin... - acid fast stains red
- decolorizer - acid alcholo... - counterstain - Loeffler's new…
Bacteria
- gram positive... - gram negative
Bacteria - gram staining procedure
- apply crystal violet dye... - primary stain - all cells stain…
83 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam
Nonspecific immunity
skin
Epidermis
Epidermis
offers general protection from all pathogens... (innate)
the largest surface are organ
outer thin layer
Stratified Squamous Epithelial Cells... Keratinocytes
Nonspecific immunity
offers general protection from all pathogens... (innate)
skin
the largest surface are organ
24 terms
Cutaneous Microbiology & Immunology
A
B
C
D
_______________ is the main aerobic bacterial resident of the…
________________ colonizes normal skin in the nose, perineum…
________________ (a group of bacteria including Propionibacte…
__________________ (Group A: S. pyogenes and Group B: S. agal…
A
_______________ is the main aerobic bacterial resident of the…
B
________________ colonizes normal skin in the nose, perineum…
153 terms
Microbiology 2800: Immunology
Innate Immunity
Antigen
Epitope
First Line of Defense
an immune response involving "non-specific" responses of the…
anything that can cause an immune response (i.e. seen as fore…
the part of an antigen recognized as foreign; typically a ver…
- surface protection composed of anatomical and physiological…
Innate Immunity
an immune response involving "non-specific" responses of the…
Antigen
anything that can cause an immune response (i.e. seen as fore…
18 terms
Immunology (Microbiology Ventura)
Innate Immune System
Adaptive Immune System
Humoral Immunity
Cellular Immunity
early response to antigens/pathogen... no immunological memory... n…
late response to antigens/pathogens... no immunological memory... v…
protein content
white blood cell content
Innate Immune System
early response to antigens/pathogen... no immunological memory... n…
Adaptive Immune System
late response to antigens/pathogens... no immunological memory... v…
CHAPTER 55 Assisting in Microbiology and Immunology
antimicrobial agents
arthropods
broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents
cysts
Drugs used to treat infection.
Members of a class of invertebrate animals that includes inse…
Drugs used to treat a wide range of infectious microorganisms.
Small, capsulelike sacs that enclose certain organisms in a t…
antimicrobial agents
Drugs used to treat infection.
arthropods
Members of a class of invertebrate animals that includes inse…
61 terms
Microbiology Immunology Pretest 1
Name the physical barriers of the body.
Describe the Chemical Barriers of the…
What are HSC's (hematopoietic stem cel…
Pluripotent
The skin and mucous membranes act as a physical barrier preve…
Glands in the skin secrete oily substances that include fatty…
They are found in bone marrow, and give rise to every blood c…
Means "multipotent" (HSC's are considered pluripotent because…
Name the physical barriers of the body.
The skin and mucous membranes act as a physical barrier preve…
Describe the Chemical Barriers of the…
Glands in the skin secrete oily substances that include fatty…
119 terms
Microbiology Immunology Virology #2
Bile from the liver
Proteins on the surface of virion
The Specifity of attachment
Herpes 1
Contains chemicals that emulsify fats
Attach to specific receptor proteins on the cell surface thro…
determines the host range of the virus, and some viruses have…
Attach to the fibroblast growth factor receptor
Bile from the liver
Contains chemicals that emulsify fats
Proteins on the surface of virion
Attach to specific receptor proteins on the cell surface thro…
30 terms
Immunology - Microbiology List 1
antigen
adaptive immunity
antibody
innate immunity
substance that induces an immune response
-specialized defense system... -development from exposure to mic…
-Y-shaped proteins that bind to antigens... -target for destruct…
host defenses involving:... -anatomical barriers... -sensor systems…
antigen
substance that induces an immune response
adaptive immunity
-specialized defense system... -development from exposure to mic…
214 terms
Microbiology/Immunology - Exam 1
what is the most common reason individ…
infection
six steps in the infectious disease pr…
nonspecific adherence
oral infections
invasion of the body by a microbe (bacterium, virus, fungus,…
1) encounter: encounter does not equal infection; some infect…
1) reversible... 2) docking: Brownian motion (random interaction…
what is the most common reason individ…
oral infections
infection
invasion of the body by a microbe (bacterium, virus, fungus,…
181 terms
Microbiology 2 (Immunology)
Immunity
Immune system
Immune response
Immunology
Resistance to disease, specifically infectious disease
Collection of cells, tissues and molecules that mediate resis…
Coordinated reaction of the cells and molecules to infectious…
Study of the immune system including its responses and its ro…
Immunity
Resistance to disease, specifically infectious disease
Immune system
Collection of cells, tissues and molecules that mediate resis…
Medical Microbiology and Immunology
Micro-organism (Microbes)
Virus
Bacteria
Prokaryotic organism
Affect every aspect of life; in all environments, have many b…
Smallest infectious particles; contain DNA or RNA; virus dete…
Simple in structure; are prokaryotic organisms that reproduce…
Simple unicellular organisms with no nuclear membrane, mitoch…
Micro-organism (Microbes)
Affect every aspect of life; in all environments, have many b…
Virus
Smallest infectious particles; contain DNA or RNA; virus dete…
Immunology-Exam #3 Microbiology
innate immunity
phagocyte
plasma
serum
nonspecific defense mechanisms that come into play immediatel…
type of cell within the body capable of engulfing and absorbi…
fluid through which cellular components of blood, lymph, or i…
blood serum on an animal, used especially to provide immunity…
innate immunity
nonspecific defense mechanisms that come into play immediatel…
phagocyte
type of cell within the body capable of engulfing and absorbi…
Microbiology: Pathogenicity and Immunology
Pathogenicity
Virulence
Portals of Entry
ID50
Ability to cause disease
Extent of pathogenic capabilities
Mucous membranes- respiratory tract, GI tract, Urogenital tra…
Infectious dose for 50% of the test population
Pathogenicity
Ability to cause disease
Virulence
Extent of pathogenic capabilities
microbiology and immunology national review
bacteria
What does staining allow?
Gram +
Gram -
grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
determine shape. bacteria is colorless and invisible to light
-blue... -2 layers... -thick... -contains TEICHOIC acid... -does NOT bloc…
-Red... -3 layers ... -cell wall had murein lipoprotein... -high lipid…
bacteria
grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
What does staining allow?
determine shape. bacteria is colorless and invisible to light
26 terms
Microbiology .... Immunology, Antigenic, Immunity
Immunology
Antigenic
Immunity
Susceptible
division of biology concerning immunity ... 1) Study of reactio…
antigens - foreign materials
quality of being in-susceptable to or unaffected by a particu…
lacking immunity or resistance ... 1) Reverse of immunity and r…
Immunology
division of biology concerning immunity ... 1) Study of reactio…
Antigenic
antigens - foreign materials
10 terms
Chapter 44: Microbiology and Immunology
aerobes
anaerobes
cultures
Gram negative
microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
a laboratory process whereby microorganisms are grown in a sp…
bacteria that loses the purple color of the Gram stain when e…
aerobes
microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
anaerobes
bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
198 terms
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
198 terms
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
70 terms
Microbiology and Immunology Definitions
Properties of Innate Immunity
Innate Defences
Modes of pathogen entry
Epithelial cells
No memory, inherited, always activated, responds immediately
Barriers, Innate cells, proteins
Gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, reproductive syst…
Physical barrier that prevents pathogen entry
Properties of Innate Immunity
No memory, inherited, always activated, responds immediately
Innate Defences
Barriers, Innate cells, proteins
159 terms
Chapter 09: Microbiology and Immunology
Warts are caused by papillomaviruses.
Herpes virus causes cold sores.
Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenp…
Varicella-zoster virus causes shingles.
...
...
...
...
Warts are caused by papillomaviruses.
...
Herpes virus causes cold sores.
...
Immunology and Microbiology Terms
Prokaryotic
Pathogen
Parasite
Virus
A single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus.
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) a…
A small infectious agent that replicates only inside the livi…
Prokaryotic
A single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus.
Pathogen
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
149 terms
NPLEX-Microbiology-Immunology-Pathology
Organism responsible for dental caries
Organism responsible for thrush
Organism most responsible for the comm…
Organism responsible for trench mouth
S. mutans
C. albicans
Rhinovirus
Treponema vincentii
Organism responsible for dental caries
S. mutans
Organism responsible for thrush
C. albicans
12 terms
immunology and microbiology people
leeuwenhoek
bassi
berkeley
lister
credited with discovering bacteria... looking a plaque family me…
discovered silkworm disease caused by fungus... killing caterpil…
proved great potato blight was caused by a fungus
developed system of antiseptic surgery... combination of heat an…
leeuwenhoek
credited with discovering bacteria... looking a plaque family me…
bassi
discovered silkworm disease caused by fungus... killing caterpil…
130 terms
Microbiology: Immunology I
What is the basic immune system functi…
What are the three basic lines of immu…
What is the time course for innate imm…
What is the time course for adaptive i…
Recognition of self and nonself, then response via effector f…
Barrier, innate response, adaptive response
0-12 hours
1-10 days
What is the basic immune system functi…
Recognition of self and nonself, then response via effector f…
What are the three basic lines of immu…
Barrier, innate response, adaptive response
35 terms
Immunology and Microbiology 1
Lymphatic system
Lymph node
Antibody
Antigen
passageway for toxins or disease to leave tissues and get tra…
lymphocytes in a CT capsule-- traps and filters malignant and…
IgG's formed in response to material in the body that is reco…
Materials that can bring about an immune response
Lymphatic system
passageway for toxins or disease to leave tissues and get tra…
Lymph node
lymphocytes in a CT capsule-- traps and filters malignant and…
116 terms
Microbiology: Immunology IV
Describe the structure of a T-cell
What are the two functional difference…
Describe how an activated TCR performs…
Are BCRs symmetrical? What about TCRs?
Heterodimer of typically an alpha and beta chain (or a delta…
T-cell receptors are membrane-bound only, whereas B-cell rece…
Activated TCR signals thru separate CD3 membrane protein; Yes…
BCRs are symmetrical in that both heavy and light chains are…
Describe the structure of a T-cell
Heterodimer of typically an alpha and beta chain (or a delta…
What are the two functional difference…
T-cell receptors are membrane-bound only, whereas B-cell rece…
175 terms
Microbiology and Immunology Test 1
the science of organisms too small to…
Are all fungi, germs and micro organis…
7 types of microbes
lives in extreme conditions, for examp…
Microbiology
No, they can benefit us (ex: milk, beer, wine, vitamins...)
1. archaea... 2. bacteria... 3. virus... 4. fungi... 5. protozoa ... 6. alga…
archaea
the science of organisms too small to…
Microbiology
Are all fungi, germs and micro organis…
No, they can benefit us (ex: milk, beer, wine, vitamins...)
130 terms
Microbiology: Immunology VI
What is the most important interventio…
What are attenuated vaccines?
What is an MLV vaccine
What type of immune response do attenu…
Vaccines and vaccinations
Modified live vaccines that induce primarily long-lived Th1 a…
Modified live virus/attenuated vaccine
Th1 CD4+ T-cell and CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell
What is the most important interventio…
Vaccines and vaccinations
What are attenuated vaccines?
Modified live vaccines that induce primarily long-lived Th1 a…
127 terms
Microbiology: Immunology V
How much better are dendritic cells at…
Which APCs initiate de novo immune res…
What are the professional APCs and wha…
When were dendritic cells recognized a…
100-300 times
Dendritic cells; B-cells and macrophages
Dendritic cells, macrophages, B-cells. Display antigen on MHC…
1973 by Ralph Steinman.
How much better are dendritic cells at…
100-300 times
Which APCs initiate de novo immune res…
Dendritic cells; B-cells and macrophages
154 terms
Microbiology - Immunology Test 1
pathogens
immune system
immunity
immunology
disease causing microbes
composed of widely distributed cells, recognizes foreign subs…
ability of host to resist a particular disease or infection
science concerned with immune responses
pathogens
disease causing microbes
immune system
composed of widely distributed cells, recognizes foreign subs…
179 terms
NBDHE Microbiology and Immunology
Why is staining of bacteria important?
What does gram stain separate into?
Why are their differences in gram stai…
Gram positive Cell wall
Because most bacteria are colorless and invisible to light mi…
Gram Positive- stain blue (purple)... Gram Negative- stain red (…
due to differences in cell wall
very thick, contains teichoic acid, does not block diffusion…
Why is staining of bacteria important?
Because most bacteria are colorless and invisible to light mi…
What does gram stain separate into?
Gram Positive- stain blue (purple)... Gram Negative- stain red (…
13 terms
WM221 - Microbiology & Immunology (History)
Von Leeuwenhoek
Jenner
Semmelweis
Pasteur (Father of bacteriology)
- 1685... - used first microscope to describe the cellular natur…
- 1796 ... - Introduced the smallpox vaccine
- 1861... - washing of hands before delivery of babies and subse…
- 1865 to 1890... - Disproved spontaneous generation by identify…
Von Leeuwenhoek
- 1685... - used first microscope to describe the cellular natur…
Jenner
- 1796 ... - Introduced the smallpox vaccine
94 terms
Microbiology: Immunology II
What are the three types of barrier de…
What biochemical process occurs during…
What is a common type of PRR?
What two biochemical processes are inv…
Anatomical, physicial/mechanical, and chemical/biochemical
PAMPs bind to PRRs, PRRs such as TLRs signal cell to phagocyt…
TLR
Opsonization and oxidative burst
What are the three types of barrier de…
Anatomical, physicial/mechanical, and chemical/biochemical
What biochemical process occurs during…
PAMPs bind to PRRs, PRRs such as TLRs signal cell to phagocyt…
26 terms
Microbiology- Clinical Immunology
__________- is the probability that a…
___________- is the probability that t…
___________ B cells (myelomas) are fus…
_________ produce large quantities of…
Specificity
Sensitivity
- Cancerous ... - Hybridoma
Hybridomas
__________- is the probability that a…
Specificity
___________- is the probability that t…
Sensitivity
Microbiology: Practical Applications of Immunology
Definition of Immunity
Definition of Antigen (Ag)
Definition of Antibody (Ab)
Components of the Immune Response
-specific antibody and lymphocyte response to an antigen
A substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodi…
Proteins made in response to an antigen
Acquired Immunity: developed during an individual's lifetime…
Definition of Immunity
-specific antibody and lymphocyte response to an antigen
Definition of Antigen (Ag)
A substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodi…
104 terms
Microbiology: Immunology III
What function does the adaptive immune…
What is the difference between plasma…
What is the definition of an antibody?
What is the definition of an antigen?
Memory
Plasma is the fluid fraction of blood, whereas serum is plasm…
Protein molecules made by B-cells that bind to antigens.
Substance that generates anti(bodies). A foreign substance th…
What function does the adaptive immune…
Memory
What is the difference between plasma…
Plasma is the fluid fraction of blood, whereas serum is plasm…
163 terms
Microbiology: Viruses and Immunology
How big are viruses?
What are the components of a nucleocap…
What does kb stand for?
Describe a capsid
-About 20-400nm... -Smaller than their host
1. Nucleic acid (viral genome)... 2. Capsid: protective protein…
Kilobases: 1000 bases
-Made of capsomeres containing one or more proteins... -Arranged…
How big are viruses?
-About 20-400nm... -Smaller than their host
What are the components of a nucleocap…
1. Nucleic acid (viral genome)... 2. Capsid: protective protein…
60 terms
NBDHE - Microbiology and Immunology - 2016
It is an inflammatory mediator produce…
It is the predominant antibody in sali…
They are most cells involved in cell-m…
Contact dermatitis is considered ...
Cytokines
IgA
T-lymphocyte
Type IV hypersensitivity reaction
It is an inflammatory mediator produce…
Cytokines
It is the predominant antibody in sali…
IgA
Chapter 44: Microbiology and Immunology
Aerobes
Agar
Anaerobes
Antibodies
Microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
A gelatin-like substance made from red algae that is used in…
Bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
A complex glycoprotein produced by B lymphocytes in response…
Aerobes
Microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
Agar
A gelatin-like substance made from red algae that is used in…
205 terms
Microbiology and Immunology3
what is grouped by their morphological…
what allows the clinician to determin…
what is the most useful microbiologica…
gram (+) stains what color
bacteria
staining
gram stain
blue
what is grouped by their morphological…
bacteria
what allows the clinician to determin…
staining
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