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Study sets matching "microbiology and immunology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology and immunology"

34 terms
Immunology - Microbiology Test III
Innate Immunity
macrophages
phagocytosis
dendritic cells
non-specific, 1st line of defense... -macrophages, neutrophils,…
-from monocytes... -phagocytosis - used reactive oxygen and nitr…
pseudopodia surround food-->phagosome-->fuses with lysosome t…
can derive from monocytes... -blood, skin, mucous membranes... -pha…
Innate Immunity
non-specific, 1st line of defense... -macrophages, neutrophils,…
macrophages
-from monocytes... -phagocytosis - used reactive oxygen and nitr…
181 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam
innate
innate
line 1 and line 2
antigen
existing in one from birth
What part of the immune system is "non-specific"?
What makes up the innate system?
anything that can cause an immune response
innate
existing in one from birth
innate
What part of the immune system is "non-specific"?
181 terms
Immunology & Microbiology Exam III
What is the genus of N. meningitidis?
What is the genus of N. gonorrhoeae?
What is the appearance of Nisseria?
What disease is associated with N. men…
Nisseria
Nisseria
Gram negative cocci (typically diplococci), catalase positive
Meningitis, meningococcemia
What is the genus of N. meningitidis?
Nisseria
What is the genus of N. gonorrhoeae?
Nisseria
42 terms
Microbiology 3050 Immunology
What is the immune system composed of?
How does the immune system work?
What are the types of immune responses?
Innate responses are also known as what?
Widely distributed cells, tissues, and organs
Recognizes foreign substances (including pathogens) and acts…
Innate and adaptive
Non-specific
What is the immune system composed of?
Widely distributed cells, tissues, and organs
How does the immune system work?
Recognizes foreign substances (including pathogens) and acts…
38 terms
Microbiology Immunology Study Guide
chemotaxis
hemostasis
thrombin
fibrin and platelets
What adherence receptor on phagocytes signals cytokine produc…
What is another term for clotting?
What enzyme converts fibrinogen into fibrin?
What are the two principle components of a clot?
chemotaxis
What adherence receptor on phagocytes signals cytokine produc…
hemostasis
What is another term for clotting?
181 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam
innate
innate
line 1 and line 2
antigen
existing in one from birth
What part of the immune system is "non-specific"?
What makes up the innate system?
anything that can cause an immune response
innate
existing in one from birth
innate
What part of the immune system is "non-specific"?
34 terms
Microbiology/Immunology: Bacteria (2)
Actinomyces
Clostridium
Mycobacterium
Corynebacterium
Gram positive branching rods.
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
Gram positive acid fast rods - Tuberculosis
Gram positive pleomorphic rods - Diphtheria
Actinomyces
Gram positive branching rods.
Clostridium
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
165 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 (Immunology)
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
pressure
IL-1... IL-6... TNF
innate
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
Name 3 cytokines that cause the heat of the inflammatory resp…
The __________ immune system is responsible for self-nonself…
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
pressure
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
53 terms
Introduction of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
1680's Leeuwenhoek' contribution to sc…
Benjamin Martin's contribution to dise…
Robert Koch's guidelines for proving i…
Pathogenic Properties of bacteria
Discovering Bacteria
Describes a germ theory of disease
1) The suspect microorganism must be routinely isolated from…
1) invasion of tissue... 2)production of toxins
1680's Leeuwenhoek' contribution to sc…
Discovering Bacteria
Benjamin Martin's contribution to dise…
Describes a germ theory of disease
165 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 (Immunology)
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
pressure
IL-1... IL-6... TNF
innate
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
Name 3 cytokines that cause the heat of the inflammatory resp…
The __________ immune system is responsible for self-nonself…
Rubor... Tumor... Dolor... Calor
Four Hallmarks of Inflammation
pressure
Pain from inflammation is due to ____________ from swelling.
57 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11: Immunology
Antigen that results in an allergic re…
The ability of the body to specificall…
Examples of antigens
Nonspecific immunity
Allergen
Immunity
Viruses, Bacteria, Toxins
Innate
Antigen that results in an allergic re…
Allergen
The ability of the body to specificall…
Immunity
180 terms
Microbiology 2800: Immunology
concerns about formaldehyde in vaccines
Of the following, which of these plays…
The innate system makes decisions base…
During an inflammatory process in resp…
-200 g pear has 12000 ug of formaldehyde... -vaccine has 100 ug…
APC's (antigen presenting cell)
Pattern-recognition molecules for quick identification
Neutrophils
concerns about formaldehyde in vaccines
-200 g pear has 12000 ug of formaldehyde... -vaccine has 100 ug…
Of the following, which of these plays…
APC's (antigen presenting cell)
153 terms
Microbiology 2800: Immunology
Innate Immunity
Antigen
Epitope
First Line of Defense
an immune response involving "non-specific" responses of the…
anything that can cause an immune response (i.e. seen as fore…
the part of an antigen recognized as foreign; typically a ver…
- surface protection composed of anatomical and physiological…
Innate Immunity
an immune response involving "non-specific" responses of the…
Antigen
anything that can cause an immune response (i.e. seen as fore…
25 terms
Microbiology (immunology) test 4
antigen
antibodies
characteristics of antigen-antibody re…
natural (innate) immunity
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
glycoprotein substance developed by the doby in response to a…
1. they neutralize the tixins the pathogen makes (anti toxin)…
metchnikoff - described an immunity called "the cellular theo…
antigen
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
antibodies
glycoprotein substance developed by the doby in response to a…
6 terms
Introductory Microbiology- Immunology
Immunological memory
Innate defense
Adaptive immunities
First line of defense
the body's ability to remember a microbe after it has encount…
A defense against something that is present at birth. Nonspec…
Specific immunity, must be aquired
any barrier that blocks invasion at the portal of entry. PHYS…
Immunological memory
the body's ability to remember a microbe after it has encount…
Innate defense
A defense against something that is present at birth. Nonspec…
25 terms
CHAPTER 55 Assisting in Microbiology and Immunology
antimicrobial agents
arthropods
broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents
cysts
Drugs used to treat infection.
Members of a class of invertebrate animals that includes inse…
Drugs used to treat a wide range of infectious microorganisms.
Small, capsulelike sacs that enclose certain organisms in a t…
antimicrobial agents
Drugs used to treat infection.
arthropods
Members of a class of invertebrate animals that includes inse…
131 terms
Microbiology Immunology for Final
immunology
innate immunity
acquired immunity
External defense factors of innate imm…
the study of the body's ability to distinguish self from non…
-nonspecific... -not inducible... -produces no immunology memory... -r…
-specific... -inducible... -produces immunological memory... -recognit…
skin... respiratory tract... digestive tract... genitourinary tract... eyes
immunology
the study of the body's ability to distinguish self from non…
innate immunity
-nonspecific... -not inducible... -produces no immunology memory... -r…
13 terms
WM221 - Microbiology & Immunology (History)
Von Leeuwenhoek
Jenner
Semmelweis
Pasteur (Father of bacteriology)
- 1685... - used first microscope to describe the cellular natur…
- 1796 ... - Introduced the smallpox vaccine
- 1861... - washing of hands before delivery of babies and subse…
- 1865 to 1890... - Disproved spontaneous generation by identify…
Von Leeuwenhoek
- 1685... - used first microscope to describe the cellular natur…
Jenner
- 1796 ... - Introduced the smallpox vaccine
214 terms
Microbiology/Immunology - Exam 1
what is the most common reason individ…
infection
six steps in the infectious disease pr…
nonspecific adherence
oral infections
invasion of the body by a microbe (bacterium, virus, fungus,…
1) encounter: encounter does not equal infection; some infect…
1) reversible... 2) docking: Brownian motion (random interaction…
what is the most common reason individ…
oral infections
infection
invasion of the body by a microbe (bacterium, virus, fungus,…
52 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam 2
Humoral Immunity
Antibody
Antibodies
IgG
the production of specific antibodies against foreign cells o…
-large proteins found in plasma, lymph, and mucus... -produced i…
IgG... IgM... IgA... IgD... IgD
-secondary immune response... -80%... -monomer
Humoral Immunity
the production of specific antibodies against foreign cells o…
Antibody
-large proteins found in plasma, lymph, and mucus... -produced i…
22 terms
Immunology-Exam #3 Microbiology
innate immunity
phagocyte
plasma
serum
nonspecific defense mechanisms that come into play immediatel…
type of cell within the body capable of engulfing and absorbi…
fluid through which cellular components of blood, lymph, or i…
blood serum on an animal, used especially to provide immunity…
innate immunity
nonspecific defense mechanisms that come into play immediatel…
phagocyte
type of cell within the body capable of engulfing and absorbi…
18 terms
Immunology (Microbiology Ventura)
Innate Immune System
Adaptive Immune System
Humoral Immunity
Cellular Immunity
early response to antigens/pathogen... no immunological memory... n…
late response to antigens/pathogens... no immunological memory... v…
protein content
white blood cell content
Innate Immune System
early response to antigens/pathogen... no immunological memory... n…
Adaptive Immune System
late response to antigens/pathogens... no immunological memory... v…
38 terms
Microbiology: Pathogenicity and Immunology
Pathogenicity
Virulence
Portals of Entry
ID50
Ability to cause disease
Extent of pathogenic capabilities
Mucous membranes- respiratory tract, GI tract, Urogenital tra…
Infectious dose for 50% of the test population
Pathogenicity
Ability to cause disease
Virulence
Extent of pathogenic capabilities
10 terms
Chapter 44: Microbiology and Immunology
aerobes
anaerobes
cultures
Gram negative
microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
a laboratory process whereby microorganisms are grown in a sp…
bacteria that loses the purple color of the Gram stain when e…
aerobes
microorganism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce
anaerobes
bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
159 terms
Chapter 09: Microbiology and Immunology
Warts are caused by papillomaviruses.
Herpes virus causes cold sores.
Varicella-zoster virus causes chickenp…
Varicella-zoster virus causes shingles.
...
...
...
...
Warts are caused by papillomaviruses.
...
Herpes virus causes cold sores.
...
83 terms
Microbiology Immunology Exam
Nonspecific immunity
skin
Epidermis
Epidermis
offers general protection from all pathogens... (innate)
the largest surface are organ
outer thin layer
Stratified Squamous Epithelial Cells... Keratinocytes
Nonspecific immunity
offers general protection from all pathogens... (innate)
skin
the largest surface are organ
22 terms
Microbiology Immunology Ppt
Second line of defense, anamnestic/mem…
First defense to respond... Not affected…
1. Skin, mucous membranes, saliva, tea…
Antimicrobial agents:... 1. Lysozymes: at…
State the general characteristics of the immune system: speci…
State the general characteristics of the immune system: nonsp…
List examples of physical barriers (3 main)
List examples of chemical barriers (5)
Second line of defense, anamnestic/mem…
State the general characteristics of the immune system: speci…
First defense to respond... Not affected…
State the general characteristics of the immune system: nonsp…
181 terms
Microbiology 2 (Immunology)
Immunity
Immune system
Immune response
Immunology
Resistance to disease, specifically infectious disease
Collection of cells, tissues and molecules that mediate resis…
Coordinated reaction of the cells and molecules to infectious…
Study of the immune system including its responses and its ro…
Immunity
Resistance to disease, specifically infectious disease
Immune system
Collection of cells, tissues and molecules that mediate resis…
116 terms
Microbiology: Immunology IV
Describe the structure of a T-cell
What are the two functional difference…
Describe how an activated TCR performs…
Are BCRs symmetrical? What about TCRs?
Heterodimer of typically an alpha and beta chain (or a delta…
T-cell receptors are membrane-bound only, whereas B-cell rece…
Activated TCR signals thru separate CD3 membrane protein; Yes…
BCRs are symmetrical in that both heavy and light chains are…
Describe the structure of a T-cell
Heterodimer of typically an alpha and beta chain (or a delta…
What are the two functional difference…
T-cell receptors are membrane-bound only, whereas B-cell rece…
130 terms
Microbiology: Immunology VI
What is the most important interventio…
What are attenuated vaccines?
What is an MLV vaccine
What type of immune response do attenu…
Vaccines and vaccinations
Modified live vaccines that induce primarily long-lived Th1 a…
Modified live virus/attenuated vaccine
Th1 CD4+ T-cell and CD8+ cytotoxic T-cell
What is the most important interventio…
Vaccines and vaccinations
What are attenuated vaccines?
Modified live vaccines that induce primarily long-lived Th1 a…
30 terms
Immunology - Microbiology List 1
antigen
adaptive immunity
antibody
innate immunity
substance that induces an immune response
-specialized defense system... -development from exposure to mic…
-Y-shaped proteins that bind to antigens... -target for destruct…
host defenses involving:... -anatomical barriers... -sensor systems…
antigen
substance that induces an immune response
adaptive immunity
-specialized defense system... -development from exposure to mic…
45 terms
Microbiology: Practical Applications of Immunology
Definition of Immunity
Definition of Antigen (Ag)
Definition of Antibody (Ab)
Components of the Immune Response
-specific antibody and lymphocyte response to an antigen
A substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodi…
Proteins made in response to an antigen
Acquired Immunity: developed during an individual's lifetime…
Definition of Immunity
-specific antibody and lymphocyte response to an antigen
Definition of Antigen (Ag)
A substance that causes the body to produce specific antibodi…
130 terms
Microbiology Exam 5: Immunology
Name the leukocytes (white blood cells).
Name the phagocytes.
Name the lymphocytes.
Where do all leukocytes come from?
Phagocytes and Lymphocytes
a. Dendtritic cell ... b. Macrophage ... (Monocytes)... c. Neutrophil…
a. T cells ... b. Natural Killer Cells... (Thymus maturation)... c. B…
Bone marrow stem cells
Name the leukocytes (white blood cells).
Phagocytes and Lymphocytes
Name the phagocytes.
a. Dendtritic cell ... b. Macrophage ... (Monocytes)... c. Neutrophil…
94 terms
Microbiology: Immunology II
What are the three types of barrier de…
What biochemical process occurs during…
What is a common type of PRR?
What two biochemical processes are inv…
Anatomical, physicial/mechanical, and chemical/biochemical
PAMPs bind to PRRs, PRRs such as TLRs signal cell to phagocyt…
TLR
Opsonization and oxidative burst
What are the three types of barrier de…
Anatomical, physicial/mechanical, and chemical/biochemical
What biochemical process occurs during…
PAMPs bind to PRRs, PRRs such as TLRs signal cell to phagocyt…
13 terms
Microbiology and Immunology Drugs
Sulfanilamide
Isoniazid
Quinoline
Beta-Lactam Antibiotics
Blocks the synthesis of folic acid via competitive inhibition…
Inhibits the synthesis of mycelia acid which is a cell wall c…
Inhibits DNA gyrate activity and prevents DNA replication
Binds and inhibits proteins which synthesise peptidoglycan. I…
Sulfanilamide
Blocks the synthesis of folic acid via competitive inhibition…
Isoniazid
Inhibits the synthesis of mycelia acid which is a cell wall c…
149 terms
NPLEX-Microbiology-Immunology-Pathology
Organism responsible for dental caries
Organism responsible for thrush
Organism most responsible for the comm…
Organism responsible for trench mouth
S. mutans
C. albicans
Rhinovirus
Treponema vincentii
Organism responsible for dental caries
S. mutans
Organism responsible for thrush
C. albicans
83 terms
microbiology and immunology national review
bacteria
What does staining allow?
Gram +
Gram -
grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
determine shape. bacteria is colorless and invisible to light
-blue... -2 layers... -thick... -contains TEICHOIC acid... -does NOT bloc…
-Red... -3 layers ... -cell wall had murein lipoprotein... -high lipid…
bacteria
grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
What does staining allow?
determine shape. bacteria is colorless and invisible to light
198 terms
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
198 terms
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
198 terms
Microbiology and Immunology BOARD REVIEW
Bacteria
Staining
Staining is necessary because most bac…
Gram stain
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
Colorless and invisible to light microscopy
What is the most useful microbiological staining technique?
Bacteria
Grouped according to their morphological and metabolic/bioche…
Staining
Allows clinician to determine shape of organism
163 terms
Microbiology: Viruses and Immunology
How big are viruses?
What are the components of a nucleocap…
What does kb stand for?
Describe a capsid
-About 20-400nm... -Smaller than their host
1. Nucleic acid (viral genome)... 2. Capsid: protective protein…
Kilobases: 1000 bases
-Made of capsomeres containing one or more proteins... -Arranged…
How big are viruses?
-About 20-400nm... -Smaller than their host
What are the components of a nucleocap…
1. Nucleic acid (viral genome)... 2. Capsid: protective protein…
Cutaneous Microbiology & Immunology
Where are most normal skin flora found?
_________________ is the main aerobic…
____________ colonizes normal skin in…
What are Diphtheroids?
Most organisms are in superficial layers of stratum corneum a…
S. epidermidis
S. aureus
-a group of bacteria including Propionibacterium spp)... -anaero…
Where are most normal skin flora found?
Most organisms are in superficial layers of stratum corneum a…
_________________ is the main aerobic…
S. epidermidis
26 terms
Microbiology .... Immunology, Antigenic, Immunity
Immunology
Antigenic
Immunity
Susceptible
division of biology concerning immunity ... 1) Study of reactio…
antigens - foreign materials
quality of being in-susceptable to or unaffected by a particu…
lacking immunity or resistance ... 1) Reverse of immunity and r…
Immunology
division of biology concerning immunity ... 1) Study of reactio…
Antigenic
antigens - foreign materials
45 terms
Microbiology and Immunology Chapter 44
Aerobes
Agar
Anaerobes
Antibodies
Microorganisms that require oxygen to live and reproduce
A gelatin like substance made from red algae that is used in…
Bacterium that requires the absence of oxygen for growth and…
A complex glycoprotein produces by B lymphocytes in response…
Aerobes
Microorganisms that require oxygen to live and reproduce
Agar
A gelatin like substance made from red algae that is used in…
24 terms
Immunology and Microbiology Terms
Prokaryotic
Pathogen
Parasite
Virus
A single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus.
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) a…
A small infectious agent that replicates only inside the livi…
Prokaryotic
A single-celled organism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus.
Pathogen
A bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
70 terms
Microbiology and Immunology Definitions
Properties of Innate Immunity
Innate Defences
Modes of pathogen entry
Epithelial cells
No memory, inherited, always activated, responds immediately
Barriers, Innate cells, proteins
Gastrointestinal tract, respiratory system, reproductive syst…
Physical barrier that prevents pathogen entry
Properties of Innate Immunity
No memory, inherited, always activated, responds immediately
Innate Defences
Barriers, Innate cells, proteins
130 terms
Microbiology: Immunology I
What is the basic immune system functi…
What are the three basic lines of immu…
What is the time course for innate imm…
What is the time course for adaptive i…
Recognition of self and nonself, then response via effector f…
Barrier, innate response, adaptive response
0-12 hours
1-10 days
What is the basic immune system functi…
Recognition of self and nonself, then response via effector f…
What are the three basic lines of immu…
Barrier, innate response, adaptive response
12 terms
immunology and microbiology people
leeuwenhoek
bassi
berkeley
lister
credited with discovering bacteria... looking a plaque family me…
discovered silkworm disease caused by fungus... killing caterpil…
proved great potato blight was caused by a fungus
developed system of antiseptic surgery... combination of heat an…
leeuwenhoek
credited with discovering bacteria... looking a plaque family me…
bassi
discovered silkworm disease caused by fungus... killing caterpil…
205 terms
Microbiology and Immunology3
what is grouped by their morphological…
what allows the clinician to determin…
what is the most useful microbiologica…
gram (+) stains what color
bacteria
staining
gram stain
blue
what is grouped by their morphological…
bacteria
what allows the clinician to determin…
staining
113 terms
Virology Microbiology and Immunology 2500
Measles
HERV
Tobacco Mosaic Virus
Adsorption
Spread through aerosols (coughing and sneezing). Problem in S…
Human endogenous retrovirus. Viral sequences are in our genom…
Began the study of virology. Plant was ground and put through…
Attachment of virus to receptors
Measles
Spread through aerosols (coughing and sneezing). Problem in S…
HERV
Human endogenous retrovirus. Viral sequences are in our genom…
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