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Study sets matching "microbiology bacteria prokaryotic"

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Study sets matching "microbiology bacteria prokaryotic"

13 terms
microbiology organelles of prokaryotic bacteria
glycocalyx
bacterial chromosome or nucleoid
pilus
outer membrane
a coating or layer of molecules external to the cell wall. it…
composed of condensed DNA molecules. DNA directs all genetics…
an elongate, hollow appendage used in transfers of DNA to oth…
extra membrane similar to cell membrane but also containing l…
glycocalyx
a coating or layer of molecules external to the cell wall. it…
bacterial chromosome or nucleoid
composed of condensed DNA molecules. DNA directs all genetics…
62 terms
Microbiology prokaryotes: bacteria & archea
COCCI
SPIRALS
SPIRILUM
PLEOMORPHIC
SPHERICAL
CURVED OR COMMA-SHAPED RODS
THICK,RIGID,SPIRAL
COCCOBACILLI (SPHERICAL BACILLI)
COCCI
SPHERICAL
SPIRALS
CURVED OR COMMA-SHAPED RODS
57 terms
Microbiology (bacteria/prokaryotes/fungi)
what are three examples of fungi
fungi made from
haustoria
mycelium
1. yeast ... 2. molds ... 3. mushrooms
hyphae filaments
parasitic hyphae
mass of hyphae
what are three examples of fungi
1. yeast ... 2. molds ... 3. mushrooms
fungi made from
hyphae filaments
60 terms
Microbiology; Bacteria; Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic
true
eukaryotic
False
prokaryotic
True/False: All bacteria possess a peptidoglycan cell wall
Prokaryotic/eukaryotic (or both) flagella are made of microtu…
T/F: Surfactants eliminate bacteria by coa the alveoli of the…
prokaryotic/eukaryotic cells have one double stranded DNA chr…
true
True/False: All bacteria possess a peptidoglycan cell wall
eukaryotic
Prokaryotic/eukaryotic (or both) flagella are made of microtu…
76 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 4 "Prokaryotic Organisms: Bacteria and the Archaea"
Flagella
filament
hook
basal body
D: 3 parts-->filament, hook, and basal body... F: mobility, rota…
long, thin, helical structure composed of proteins... -part of f…
curved sheath... -part of flagella
stack of rings firmly anchored in cell wall... -part of flagella
Flagella
D: 3 parts-->filament, hook, and basal body... F: mobility, rota…
filament
long, thin, helical structure composed of proteins... -part of f…
39 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11: The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Bergey's Manual
Prokaryotes
Proteobacteria
Five Groups of Proteobacteria
-ribosome changes slowly through evolution, and it serves the…
*peptidoglycan rRNA signature: Domain Bacteria: ... -Gram Negati…
-domain bacteria ... -gram-negative (largest phylum/group) ... -che…
-alpha ... -beta... -gamma... -delta... -epsilon
Bergey's Manual
-ribosome changes slowly through evolution, and it serves the…
Prokaryotes
*peptidoglycan rRNA signature: Domain Bacteria: ... -Gram Negati…
32 terms
Chapter 4 Prokaryotic Profiles: The Bacteria and Archaea -Microbiology
List the three major characteristics t…
List structures found in ALL, MOST, an…
Discuss the functions of the bacterial…
Prokaryotic Appendages:
1) Packaging of DNA ... No encasement of nuclear material... 2) C…
ALL- 1) Cell Membrane 2) Cytoplasm 3) Ribosomes ... 4) 1 (or a f…
Flagellated bacteria possess sophisticated skills.... A) They ha…
A) Fimbria- Used for attachment and sometimes motility... B) Pil…
List the three major characteristics t…
1) Packaging of DNA ... No encasement of nuclear material... 2) C…
List structures found in ALL, MOST, an…
ALL- 1) Cell Membrane 2) Cytoplasm 3) Ribosomes ... 4) 1 (or a f…
49 terms
Microbiology Chapter 4: Prokaryotic Bacteria and Archaea
The two cellular bacteria are:
Acellular Bacteria is :
Glycocalyx Function:
Plasmid:
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.
Virsus, Prions, and Viroids.
Coating or layer of molecules external to the cell wall. It s…
Double stranded DNA circle.
The two cellular bacteria are:
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes.
Acellular Bacteria is :
Virsus, Prions, and Viroids.
39 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11: The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Bergey's Manual
Prokaryotes
Proteobacteria
Five Groups of Proteobacteria
-ribosome changes slowly through evolution, and it serves the…
*peptidoglycan rRNA signature: Domain Bacteria: ... -Gram Negati…
-domain bacteria ... -gram-negative (largest phylum/group) ... -che…
-alpha ... -beta... -gamma... -delta... -epsilon
Bergey's Manual
-ribosome changes slowly through evolution, and it serves the…
Prokaryotes
*peptidoglycan rRNA signature: Domain Bacteria: ... -Gram Negati…
43 terms
Microbiology Ch 11 - The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
For which of the following would growt…
Which of the following characteristics…
Which of the following techniques woul…
Gram-positive organisms with low G + C…
C. streptococci
A. cell arrangement
D. all of the above
A. Firmicutes
For which of the following would growt…
C. streptococci
Which of the following characteristics…
A. cell arrangement
32 terms
Chapter 4 Prokaryotic Profiles: The Bacteria and Archaea -Microbiology
List the three major characteristics t…
List structures found in ALL, MOST, an…
Discuss the functions of the bacterial…
Prokaryotic Appendages:
1) Packaging of DNA ... No encasement of nuclear material... 2) C…
ALL- 1) Cell Membrane 2) Cytoplasm 3) Ribosomes ... 4) 1 (or a f…
Flagellated bacteria possess sophisticated skills.... A) They ha…
A) Fimbria- Used for attachment and sometimes motility... B) Pil…
List the three major characteristics t…
1) Packaging of DNA ... No encasement of nuclear material... 2) C…
List structures found in ALL, MOST, an…
ALL- 1) Cell Membrane 2) Cytoplasm 3) Ribosomes ... 4) 1 (or a f…
39 terms
Microbiology Ch. 4 Prokaryotes (Bacteria & Archaea)
What are Prokaryotes?
T/F Prokaryote biomass outweighs all e…
Coccus shape
Bacillus shape
-don't wind DNA around histones & not encased in membrane... -Ba…
True.
Round, spherical, ball shaped cell
Cylindrical Rod- (when short + plump = cobacillus)
What are Prokaryotes?
-don't wind DNA around histones & not encased in membrane... -Ba…
T/F Prokaryote biomass outweighs all e…
True.
63 terms
Microbiology Ch11: The Prokaryotes - Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Domain Bacteria: Phylum - Proteobacteria
Domain Bacteria: Phylum - Proteobacteria
Alpha Proteobacteria
Alpha Proteobacteria
Most of the Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic bacteria are he…
Classes: ... alpha proteobacteria... beta proteobacteria... gamma prot…
Can grow in low levels of nutrients.... Some have stalks or buds…
Azospirillum (genus) - found in soil. Fixes atmospheric nitro…
Domain Bacteria: Phylum - Proteobacteria
Most of the Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic bacteria are he…
Domain Bacteria: Phylum - Proteobacteria
Classes: ... alpha proteobacteria... beta proteobacteria... gamma prot…
43 terms
Microbiology Ch 11 - The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
For which of the following would growt…
Which of the following characteristics…
Which of the following techniques woul…
Gram-positive organisms with low G + C…
C. streptococci
A. cell arrangement
D. all of the above
A. Firmicutes
For which of the following would growt…
C. streptococci
Which of the following characteristics…
A. cell arrangement
117 terms
microbiology chapter 11-the prokaryotes: domains bacteria and archaea
the prokaryotes have ____chromosome __…
do prokaryotes have histones? organell…
how do prokaryotes multiply?
this bacteria was named after the myth…
one circular; NOT
no, no , yes
binary fission
Proteobacteria phylum
the prokaryotes have ____chromosome __…
one circular; NOT
do prokaryotes have histones? organell…
no, no , yes
88 terms
Microbiology Ch. 11 The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
proteobacteria
Five classes of proteobacteria
Alphaproteobacteria
pelagibacter ubique (alpha)
from the mythical god Proteus, who could assume many shapes... g…
alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon
grow at very low nutrient levels... unusual morphology (prosthec…
20% of prokarytotes in the oceans - one of the most abundant…
proteobacteria
from the mythical god Proteus, who could assume many shapes... g…
Five classes of proteobacteria
alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon
92 terms
Microbiology Ch. 11 The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
*proteobacteria
*Five classes of proteobacteria
*pelagibacter ubique (alpha)
*caulobacter and hyphomicrobium ... (alpha)
largest group of bacteria, gram negative
alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon
one of the most abundant microbes on earth ... 20% of prokarytot…
found in low nutrient aquatic environments... form prosthecae... re…
*proteobacteria
largest group of bacteria, gram negative
*Five classes of proteobacteria
alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon
57 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11: The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Five Classes
Prokaryotes has two domains
proteobacteria
Alphaproteo... Bacteria
•ALPHA... •BETA... •GAMMA ... •DELTA... •EPSILON
•bacteria... •archaea
•includes most of the gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic bacte…
•can grow at low levels of nutrients genus... •Obligate intracel…
Five Classes
•ALPHA... •BETA... •GAMMA ... •DELTA... •EPSILON
Prokaryotes has two domains
•bacteria... •archaea
23 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 11: Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Proteobacteria
Alphaproteobacteria are capable of gro…
Prosthecae
Alphaproteobacteria: Pelagibacter
Gram Neg... Chemohetertrophic... Largest
Very low levels of nutriets
Unusual morphology: protrusions like stalks or buds
Ocean... FISH technique
Proteobacteria
Gram Neg... Chemohetertrophic... Largest
Alphaproteobacteria are capable of gro…
Very low levels of nutriets
126 terms
Microbiology A Systems Approach: 4. Prokaryotic Profiles:The Bacteria and Archaea
Acid-stain fast
Actin cytoskeleton
Aerobic
Amphitrichous
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria that use oxygen in metabolism
Flagella at both poles of the cell
Acid-stain fast
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Actin cytoskeleton
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
30 terms
Microbiology (exam 3): The Prokaryotes- Domains: Bacteria and Archaea
What are the classes of proteobacteria…
What illnesses are caused by bacteria…
What illnesses are caused by bacteria…
What illnesses are caused by bacteria…
1. Alphaproteobacteria... 2. Betaproteobacteria... 3. Gammaproteoba…
-R. prowazekii: epidemic typhus... -R. typhi: endemic murine typ…
-B. cepacia: contaminates equipment and drugs in hospitals... -B…
-B. pertussis: causes whooping cough
What are the classes of proteobacteria…
1. Alphaproteobacteria... 2. Betaproteobacteria... 3. Gammaproteoba…
What illnesses are caused by bacteria…
-R. prowazekii: epidemic typhus... -R. typhi: endemic murine typ…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Prokaryotic Profiles: The Bacteria and Archaea -KEY TERMS (Microbiology)
Phototaxis
Flagella
Archaea
Gram stain
Refers to the ability to detect light changes and deliver a r…
a Long, specialized structure attached to the cell that funct…
domain of single-celled, simple organisms that are prokaryoti…
developed by a Danish physician as a specialized lab techniqu…
Phototaxis
Refers to the ability to detect light changes and deliver a r…
Flagella
a Long, specialized structure attached to the cell that funct…
21 terms
Prokaryotes / Bacteria
Cilia
Cytoplasm
Genetic Material (DNA)
Flagellum
hairlike projections on the outside of cells
a gel-like substance.
DNA- instructions for cells functions
a long, whiplike structure that extends out through the cell…
Cilia
hairlike projections on the outside of cells
Cytoplasm
a gel-like substance.
131 terms
Microbiology A Systems Approach: 4. Prokaryotic Profiles:The Bacteria and Archaea
Acid-stain fast
Actin cytoskeleton
Aerobic
Amphitrichous
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria that use oxygen in metabolism
Flagella at both poles of the cell
Acid-stain fast
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Actin cytoskeleton
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
131 terms
Microbiology A Systems Approach: 4. Prokaryotic Profiles:The Bacteria and Archaea
Acid-stain fast
Actin cytoskeleton
Aerobic
Amphitrichous
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria that use oxygen in metabolism
Flagella at both poles of the cell
Acid-stain fast
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Actin cytoskeleton
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
30 terms
Chapter 4 Prokaryotic Profiles: The Bacteria and Archaea -KEY TERMS (Microbiology)
Phototaxis
Flagella
Archaea
Gram stain
Refers to the ability to detect light changes and deliver a r…
a Long, specialized structure attached to the cell that funct…
domain of single-celled, simple organisms that are prokaryoti…
developed by a Danish physician as a specialized lab techniqu…
Phototaxis
Refers to the ability to detect light changes and deliver a r…
Flagella
a Long, specialized structure attached to the cell that funct…
131 terms
Microbiology A Systems Approach: 4. Prokaryotic Profiles:The Bacteria and Archaea
Acid-stain fast
Actin cytoskeleton
Aerobic
Amphitrichous
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria that use oxygen in metabolism
Flagella at both poles of the cell
Acid-stain fast
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Actin cytoskeleton
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
124 terms
Microbiology A Systems Approach: 4. Prokaryotic Profiles:The Bacteria and Archaea
Acid-stain fast
Actin cytoskeleton
Aerobic
Amphitrichous
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria that use oxygen in metabolism
Flagella at both poles of the cell
Acid-stain fast
Used to diagnosis tuberculosis and leprosy
Actin cytoskeleton
Long fibers of proteins that encircle the cell just inside th…
Bacteria (prokaryotes)
Binary fission
Generation time
Coccus
bacillus
-asexual... 1) Elongated nucleotide... 2) nucleotide divides: cell…
-time for binary fission to occur ... -varies: 20 min-20 hr... -exp…
Binary fission
-asexual... 1) Elongated nucleotide... 2) nucleotide divides: cell…
Generation time
-time for binary fission to occur ... -varies: 20 min-20 hr... -exp…
39 terms
Prokaryotic bacteria
Rickettsia
Ehrlichia
Bartonella
Brucella
transmitted to humans by bites of insects and ticks causing d…
includes species that live within white blood cells; transmit…
species henselae from this group causes cat scratch fever
species are parasites of mammals; brucellosis
Rickettsia
transmitted to humans by bites of insects and ticks causing d…
Ehrlichia
includes species that live within white blood cells; transmit…
11 terms
prokaryotic bacteria
pili
ribosomes
conjugation
nucleoid
how bacteria evolve so quickly, used to attach the bacteria t…
made of RNA, where proteins are made
the sharing of DNA between two bacteria (not sexual reproduct…
region where the DNA is found
pili
how bacteria evolve so quickly, used to attach the bacteria t…
ribosomes
made of RNA, where proteins are made
59 terms
Microbiology chapter 11 notes ( The prokaryotes: domains, bacteria, and archaea)
Prokaryotic groups
Proteobacteria
Alpha Proteobacteria
Azospirillum (Alpha Proteobacteria)
Bergey's manual groups prokaryotes into two domains... *Bacteria…
*Named after mythical greek god Proteus, who could assume man…
*Unusual morphology... *capable of growth at very low levels of…
*Live in symbiosis with many plants roots ... *Use nutrients exc…
Prokaryotic groups
Bergey's manual groups prokaryotes into two domains... *Bacteria…
Proteobacteria
*Named after mythical greek god Proteus, who could assume man…
45 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11 Study Guide: The Prokaryotes:Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Heterocysts
Mycolic acids
Endoflagella
Geosmin
Found in some nitrogen-fixing... Cyanobacteria.
Found in cell wall of... Mycobacterium.
Provide motility to spirochetes
Produced by many... Streptomyces
Heterocysts
Found in some nitrogen-fixing... Cyanobacteria.
Mycolic acids
Found in cell wall of... Mycobacterium.
58 terms
Microbiology Summer 2015- Chapter 11 The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archea
Bergey's manual
proteobacteria
Rickettsia
Erlichia
clasifies bacteria based on the rRNA sequences, gram staining…
Named after mythological Greek God Proteus, who could assume…
obligate intercellular parasite; passed by tick, causes rocky…
causes Ehrlichiosis; passed by tick; alphaproteobacteria
Bergey's manual
clasifies bacteria based on the rRNA sequences, gram staining…
proteobacteria
Named after mythological Greek God Proteus, who could assume…
55 terms
Bacteria (prokaryotes)
describe bacterial reproduction:
define and explain generation time:
list the different shapes of bacteria:
describe a coccus shape:
- binary fission... - asexual
- time for binary fission to occur... - varies: 20 min - 20 hour…
There are 5:... - coccus (pl. cocci)... - bacillus (pl. bacilli)... -…
round - spherical
describe bacterial reproduction:
- binary fission... - asexual
define and explain generation time:
- time for binary fission to occur... - varies: 20 min - 20 hour…
14 terms
Prokaryotic bacteria
Function of flagellum
Function of plasmid
Function of cell wall
Function of plasma membrane
To move the cell around
contains DNA from other cells
Provides structure and protection for the cell
controls what comes into the cell and what goes out
Function of flagellum
To move the cell around
Function of plasmid
contains DNA from other cells
5 terms
Bacteria (Prokaryotes)
Gram Stain
Gram-positive
Gram-negative
Process of Gram Stain
~Invented in 1883 by Hans Christian Gram (Danish Psysisian)…
~Retain the stain... ~Has thick, complex peptidoglycan layer (a…
~Do not retain the purple stain... ~Retain counter stain and loo…
1. Add crystal violet... ~both the cell walls of the gram negat…
Gram Stain
~Invented in 1883 by Hans Christian Gram (Danish Psysisian)…
Gram-positive
~Retain the stain... ~Has thick, complex peptidoglycan layer (a…
13 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11 Part 3 Prokaryotes: Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria
deeply branching bacteria
throwback term: autotrophic
deeply branching bacteria: Aquifex
deeply branching bacteria: Deinococcus
--has rRNA (ribosomal RNA) similar to earliest bacteria... --liv…
Can make its own food
--considered to represent earliest branch of bacteria... --deepl…
--outer membrane similar to gram negative but stains gram pos…
deeply branching bacteria
--has rRNA (ribosomal RNA) similar to earliest bacteria... --liv…
throwback term: autotrophic
Can make its own food
13 terms
Bacteria/ Prokaryotes
cell wall
Why can water move through the cell wall
What kind of DNA does a bacteria have
Prokaryotes have no ____________
goes around the cell membrane ... made of sugar ... made to protect…
the cell wall is porous
one circular piece called a bacterial chromosome
organelles
cell wall
goes around the cell membrane ... made of sugar ... made to protect…
Why can water move through the cell wall
the cell wall is porous
77 terms
[Chapter 6: Microbiology] - Section 6.3 Prokaryotes (Domain Bacteria)
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Bacteria
Archea (extremophiles)
An organism that lacks a nucleus or any other membrane-bound…
An organism that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organ…
Composed of organisms that are much more common than Archaea…
One of the three main taxonomic domains, they live in the wor…
Prokaryotes
An organism that lacks a nucleus or any other membrane-bound…
Eukaryotes
An organism that has a nucleus and other membrane-bound organ…
34 terms
Microbiology Lecture 16/Chapter 11: The Prokaryotes: Domains Bacteria and Archaea
Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Chlamyä…
Firmicutes, Actinobacteria
Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteri…
Gammaproteobacteria
Gram-negative Bacterias
Gram-positive Bacterias
Five classes of proteobacteria
The largest subgroup of proteobacteria
Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Chlamyä…
Gram-negative Bacterias
Firmicutes, Actinobacteria
Gram-positive Bacterias
19 terms
Bacteria/Prokaryote
bacillus
coccus
spirillus
do prokaryotes have a cell wall?
rod
sphere
spiral
yes
bacillus
rod
coccus
sphere
38 terms
Bacteria Prokaryotes
what is the process in which bacteria…
is bacteria sexual or asexual
generation time for bacteria
what are the 5 bacterial shapes
binary fission
asexual
time for binary fission to occur, varies 20 min- 20 hrs, expo…
coccus, bacillus, spiral, coccobacillus, pleomorphic
what is the process in which bacteria…
binary fission
is bacteria sexual or asexual
asexual
6 terms
Prokaryotes- Bacteria
what characteristics do all prokaryote…
What is the best known prokaryote and…
Name the 2 kingdoms for prokaryotes.
Namr 2 bacterial domains
They all have single cells
Eubacteria, they are found every where
Eubacteria, Archeabacteria
Archea, Eubacteria
what characteristics do all prokaryote…
They all have single cells
What is the best known prokaryote and…
Eubacteria, they are found every where
10 terms
Prokaryotes: Bacteria
Bacteria
Classifying prokaryotes:
A. Archaebacteria:
A.Eubacteria:
Unicellular prokaryotes usually with cell walls made of pepti…
A. 2 Kingdoms- Archaebacteria & Eubacteria.
-Most ancient... -Live in extreme environments... -Cell Wall lacks…
"True Bacteria"... Includes most bacterias.
Bacteria
Unicellular prokaryotes usually with cell walls made of pepti…
Classifying prokaryotes:
A. 2 Kingdoms- Archaebacteria & Eubacteria.
24 terms
Bacteria (Prokaryotes)
Bacterial growth
Generation time
Coccus
Bacillus
binary fission; asexual
Time for binary fission to occur; 20 min to 20 hr; exponentia…
Round bacterial shape
Rod-like bacterial shape
Bacterial growth
binary fission; asexual
Generation time
Time for binary fission to occur; 20 min to 20 hr; exponentia…
18 terms
Prokaryotes and Bacteria
Strepto
Staphylo
Pilli
Chemohetertroph
Cells in chains
Cells in clusters
Allow adherence to other cells; specialize sex pilli in plasm…
Oxidize organic for carbon
Strepto
Cells in chains
Staphylo
Cells in clusters
12 terms
Prokaryotes and Bacteria
Flagella
Cilia
Pseudopod
Amoeba
Occurs in some Protozoas
Hair like organelles
a temporary protrusion of the protoplasm
Protozoan of the genus amoebia
Flagella
Occurs in some Protozoas
Cilia
Hair like organelles
61 terms
Bacteria and Prokaryotes
colonies
cocci
bacilli
cell wall
loops of cells
spheres
rods
different in prokaryotic than eukaryotic plants, made primari…
colonies
loops of cells
cocci
spheres
46 terms
Prokaryotes (Bacteria)
old taxonomy
new taxonomy
shape
spherical (round)
five kingdom system consisting of monera (prokaryotes), Proti…
three domain system consisting of bacteria (prokaryotic), arc…
spherical, cylindrical, or spiral
coccus (cocci)
old taxonomy
five kingdom system consisting of monera (prokaryotes), Proti…
new taxonomy
three domain system consisting of bacteria (prokaryotic), arc…
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