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38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Biology
Microbes
Microscopes
Microbiology
the study of living organisms
Collectively, these nonliving entities and living organisms
An optical instrument used to observe very small objects
The study of microbes
Biology
the study of living organisms
Microbes
Collectively, these nonliving entities and living organisms
44 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1 Vocab
Microbiology
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
a specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
Microscopic acellular agent composed of nucleic acid surround…
Heterotrophic unicelluar or multicelluar eukaryotic organism…
Microbiology
a specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Bacteria
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
30 terms
Chapter 1 Microbiology
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Spontaneous Generation
Cell Theory
Studied lake water, observed animalcules. First small molecul…
Founded the microscopical mushroom aka the common breadmold a…
"Life arises spontaneously from non-living material."
All living organisms arise from preexisting life.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Studied lake water, observed animalcules. First small molecul…
Robert Hooke
Founded the microscopical mushroom aka the common breadmold a…
31 terms
Chapter 1 Microbiology
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Spontaneous Generation
John Needham
-Made single magnifying glass... -Studied Lake water
Observed molds and thought them animals.
Life arises spontaneously form non-living material
Strong advocate of spontaneous generation
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
-Made single magnifying glass... -Studied Lake water
Robert Hooke
Observed molds and thought them animals.
85 terms
Clinical Microbiology Chapter 1
Acid Fast
Aerotolerant anaerobes
Archaeobacteria
Bacteria
Used to visualize mycobacteria; mycobacteria have mycoic acid…
Do not utilize oxygen but can survive and grow in its presence
Bacteria that lives in extreme conditions (high and low temp…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Acid Fast
Used to visualize mycobacteria; mycobacteria have mycoic acid…
Aerotolerant anaerobes
Do not utilize oxygen but can survive and grow in its presence
151 terms
Union University Microbiology Chapter 1
protists... bacteria... fungi (yeasts, molds)
Organisms that are too small to be see…
molds... helminths (flatworms, roundworms)
prokaryotes... eukaryotes
What organisms are studied in microbiology?
What is a macroscopic parasite?
Name two types of macroscopic parasites.
Name the two major types of cells.
protists... bacteria... fungi (yeasts, molds)
What organisms are studied in microbiology?
Organisms that are too small to be see…
What is a macroscopic parasite?
24 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1: Scope of Microbiology
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
Phase Contrast Microscope
Louis Pasteur
Prokaryotes Fossils
a microscope that produces an enlarged, three-dimensional ima…
Useful because the internal structures of a cell become more…
(1822-1895) Showed microbes caused fermentation and spoilage.…
date back to 3.5 to 4 billion years
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
a microscope that produces an enlarged, three-dimensional ima…
Phase Contrast Microscope
Useful because the internal structures of a cell become more…
24 terms
Chapter 1 Microbiology
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Null Hypothesis
Alternate Hypothesis
is the variable the scientist manipulates or sets at a partic…
factor whose variation depends on another factor present. ... Th…
assumes findings are due to chance alone.... The hypothesis of n…
assumes there is some sort of correlation or casual trend to…
Independent Variable
is the variable the scientist manipulates or sets at a partic…
Dependent Variable
factor whose variation depends on another factor present. ... Th…
35 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 1
Antoni Van Leeuwenhook
Carolus Linnaeus
Bacteria
Archea
a dutch lens grinder who first discovered the bacterial world…
Swedish botanist who developed the taxonomic system- a system…
1. prokaryotes (lack nuclei surrounded by membrane)... 2. cell w…
1. prokaryote... 2. cell walls composed of polymers NOT peptidog…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhook
a dutch lens grinder who first discovered the bacterial world…
Carolus Linnaeus
Swedish botanist who developed the taxonomic system- a system…
86 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Microorganisms
Form basis of food chains in aquatic e…
Pathogenic
Trichoderma funcgus
Also known as microbes that are too small to be seen with the…
Roles of microorganisms
Disease-producing microorganisms
What microbe is responsible for stone-washed and soft appeara…
Microorganisms
Also known as microbes that are too small to be seen with the…
Form basis of food chains in aquatic e…
Roles of microorganisms
52 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
John Snow
What did John Snow studies lead too?
What is Epidemiology?
The first scientist to study microorganisms under a microscope.
highlighted the critical need for adequate sewage treatment a…
two branches of microbiology: Infection Control and Epidemiol…
The study of occurrence, distribution and spread of disease i…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
The first scientist to study microorganisms under a microscope.
John Snow
highlighted the critical need for adequate sewage treatment a…
31 terms
Chapter 1 - Microbiology
Microorganisms
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Bacteria
those organisms and acellular biological entities to small to…
cells in organisms with a primordial nucleus, their contents…
cells that have a cycles but also many other membrane bounded…
members of this domain are usually single cells organisms. Mo…
Microorganisms
those organisms and acellular biological entities to small to…
Prokaryotic cells
cells in organisms with a primordial nucleus, their contents…
24 terms
Chapter 1 Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Bacteria
Archaea
-No nucleus... -No membranous organelles
-True nucleus... -many organelles
-everywhere... -unicellular... -sustain life... -prokaryotic... -ALMOST a…
-(ancient ones)... -bacteria-like... -unicellular... -prokaryotic... -cel…
Prokaryotes
-No nucleus... -No membranous organelles
Eukaryotes
-True nucleus... -many organelles
58 terms
Vocabulary :) - Microbiology Chapter 1
genus
specific epithet
bacteria
prokaryotes
the first name of the scientific name; the taxon between fami…
the second or species name in a scientific binomial
domain of prokaryotic organisms, characterized by peptidoglyc…
a cell whose genetic material is not enclosed in a nuclear en…
genus
the first name of the scientific name; the taxon between fami…
specific epithet
the second or species name in a scientific binomial
25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Zacharias Janssen
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
After - van Leeuwenhoek
1625 - Dutch spectacle maker
1665 - described "cells" in a piece of cork and to bread mold…
an owner of a dry goods business who ground lenses in his spa…
he didn't share his secrets for grinding lenses with anyone a…
Zacharias Janssen
1625 - Dutch spectacle maker
Robert Hooke
1665 - described "cells" in a piece of cork and to bread mold…
44 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
The plague killed...
Atony van Leewenhoek (1632-1723)
What was Leewenhoek's hobby?
What did Leewenhoek discover with his…
1/3 of Europe
a merchant in Holland who discovered the mass number of micro…
making microscope, the most powerful at his time which allowe…
bacteria (rods, cocci, and spirals) their motility, fungi, an…
The plague killed...
1/3 of Europe
Atony van Leewenhoek (1632-1723)
a merchant in Holland who discovered the mass number of micro…
49 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Biofilms provide pathogens with an adh…
Microbes are associated with life-sust…
Which of the following are FALSE conce…
Common commercial benefits of microorg…
TRUE
TRUE
B) The primary role of microbes on the planet involves causin…
E) riboflavin, acetone and insulin
Biofilms provide pathogens with an adh…
TRUE
Microbes are associated with life-sust…
TRUE
36 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Microbiology
Microorganism
Examples of 5 microorganisms
Branches of Microbiology
The study of microorganisms and their activities.
An organism too small to be seen under the microscope. (Small…
-Bacteria... -Fungi... -Protozoa... -Algae... -Viruses
-Medical... -Industrial... -Environmental... -Agricultural
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms and their activities.
Microorganism
An organism too small to be seen under the microscope. (Small…
52 terms
Chapter 1 Microbiology 260
Studies biodegradation of toxic wastes
Studies the causative agent of Ebola h…
proteins by bacteriaBiotechnology
Studies the symptoms of AIDS
Biotechnology, Microbial ecology
Virology
Studies the production of human... ,Microbial genetics, Microbia…
Immunology
Studies biodegradation of toxic wastes
Biotechnology, Microbial ecology
Studies the causative agent of Ebola h…
Virology
45 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Angstrom
Nanometer; macromolecules, organelles
Micrometer, micron
Millimeters
10^-10
10^-9... 100 nanometers=viruses
10^-6
10^-3
Angstrom
10^-10
Nanometer; macromolecules, organelles
10^-9... 100 nanometers=viruses
30 terms
Microbiology-Chapter 1
Definition of Microbiology
Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Theory of spontaneous generation
Study of organisms too small to be seen with the human eye
Dutch drapery merchant... Observed bacteria and protozoa under a…
English Microscopist... First to see a microorganism and coin th…
Organisms can arise spontaneously from non living matter
Definition of Microbiology
Study of organisms too small to be seen with the human eye
Anthony Van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch drapery merchant... Observed bacteria and protozoa under a…
39 terms
Microbiology // Chapter 1
Microbiology
Microorganisms ... (6 Different types of…
Microbial Structures
Prokaryote
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Bacteria ... Viruses ... Fungi ... Protozoa... Helminths (worms) ... Algae
Prokaryote... Eukaryote ... Viruses
A unicellular microbial structure that LACKS nuclei & membran…
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Microorganisms ... (6 Different types of…
Bacteria ... Viruses ... Fungi ... Protozoa... Helminths (worms) ... Algae
37 terms
Chapter 1 microbiology
microorganism
Germ
Carlous Linnaeus
Carl Woese
any minute living thing that is too small to be seen with the…
rapidly growing cell
invented the system of naming organisms. each with genus and…
The system we use today to classify microorganisms
microorganism
any minute living thing that is too small to be seen with the…
Germ
rapidly growing cell
64 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Bacteria
Anton Van Leevanhoek
Robert Hooke
Coccus
simple, single celled organism. domain of prokaryotic organis…
1673, developed brass microscope lens
1665, first to observe cells
round
Bacteria
simple, single celled organism. domain of prokaryotic organis…
Anton Van Leevanhoek
1673, developed brass microscope lens
54 terms
Fundamentals of Microbiology (Chapter 1)
Scope of MIcrobiology
Importance of MIcrobiology
Bacteria appeared approximately
Evolutionary Timeline
-Immunology... -Public health microbiology & epidemiology... -Food,…
-First bacteria ... -Photosynthesis and decomposition ... -Human us…
3.5 billion years ago
-Probably origin of earth... -Procaryotes appeared... -Eucaryotes a…
Scope of MIcrobiology
-Immunology... -Public health microbiology & epidemiology... -Food,…
Importance of MIcrobiology
-First bacteria ... -Photosynthesis and decomposition ... -Human us…
Microbiology Chapter 1
Microbiology
Microorganisms include:
Bacteria-like organisms have existed o…
Prokaryotes
the study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, helminths, algae
True
microscopic, unicellular organisms, lack nuclei and membrane-…
Microbiology
the study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Microorganisms include:
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, helminths, algae
62 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
What is microbiology?
Microscopic organisms are referred to…
What are the 7 MAJOR microorganisms?... "…
What are the 3 big domains we focus on?
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
microbes, microrganisms
A, A, B, F, H, P and V... Archaea(uni)... Algae(don't directly effe…
Prokarya, Eukarya and Archaeabacteria
What is microbiology?
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Microscopic organisms are referred to…
microbes, microrganisms
Microbiology chapter 1
Microorganisms include?
Virus characteristics
Historic uses of microbes
Recombinant DNA technology
Bacteria, Algae, Protozoa, Heminths
-Parasitic... -Protein-coated genetic elements... -dependent on the…
-bread production... -alcohol production... -treatment of wounds an…
The transfer of genetic material from one organism to another…
Microorganisms include?
Bacteria, Algae, Protozoa, Heminths
Virus characteristics
-Parasitic... -Protein-coated genetic elements... -dependent on the…
32 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
bacteria, archaea
Algae, Fungi, protozoa
prions, viruses
indigenous microbiota
Which microorganisms are prokaryotes?
Which microorganisms are eukaryotes?
Which microbes are acellular?
microbes that live on and in our bodies
bacteria, archaea
Which microorganisms are prokaryotes?
Algae, Fungi, protozoa
Which microorganisms are eukaryotes?
74 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
2 themes microbiology revolves around
microbiology
microbial cells
importance of microorganisms
1. understanding basic life processes... 2. applying the knowle…
the science of microorganisms and how they work, about divers…
- living compartments that interact with their environment an…
- oldest form of life... - largest mass of living material... - car…
2 themes microbiology revolves around
1. understanding basic life processes... 2. applying the knowle…
microbiology
the science of microorganisms and how they work, about divers…
81 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Microbiology
Microscopic
Microorganisms (Microbe)
Bacteria
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Invisible to the naked eye.
A living thing ordinarily too small to be seen without magnif…
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
Microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Microscopic
Invisible to the naked eye.
37 terms
Chapter 1: The Main Themes of Microbiology
Microorganisms include
Structure of Cells & Viruses
Microbes are Everywhere
Describe the Vast Majority of Microbes…
Bacteria... Viruses... Fungi... Protozoa ... Helminths (worms) ... Algae
Prokaryotes lack nucleus and organelles... Eukaryotes contain n…
Ubiquitous... Found in all natural and most manmade habitats... Po…
1) play a key role in the flow of energy and nutrients throug…
Microorganisms include
Bacteria... Viruses... Fungi... Protozoa ... Helminths (worms) ... Algae
Structure of Cells & Viruses
Prokaryotes lack nucleus and organelles... Eukaryotes contain n…
71 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
__ is the study of microbes
Microbiology is the study of what?
__ are forms of life too small to be s…
Microbes are forms of life too small t…
microbiology
microbes
microbes
the naked eye
__ is the study of microbes
microbiology
Microbiology is the study of what?
microbes
49 terms
Microbiology chapter 1 definitions
Microbiology
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
Microscopic, acellular agent composed of necleic acid surroun…
Heterotrophic unicellular or multicellular eucaryotic organis…
Microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Bacteria
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
116 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms & Microbiology
Microbiology
How small are microorganisms
Scope of microbiology and the various…
bacteria taxonomy
the study of microorganisms and their activities... -usually too…
10^-6
1. bacteria... 2. viruses... 3. algae... 4. protozoa... 5. fungi
bacteriology... -includes eubacteria and archebacteria
Microbiology
the study of microorganisms and their activities... -usually too…
How small are microorganisms
10^-6
41 terms
Microbiology chapter 1
spontaneous generation
endospores
microbes
biotechnology
the belief that worms and other forms of life arise from nonl…
heat resistant forms of bacteria
microorganisms and other infectious agents. biological entiti…
the use of microbiological and biochemical techniques to solv…
spontaneous generation
the belief that worms and other forms of life arise from nonl…
endospores
heat resistant forms of bacteria
46 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 1
Microorganism (microbe)
Pathogen
Nomenclature
Genus (genera)
A living organism too small to be seen with the naked eye; in…
A disease-causing organism.
System of naming organisms. Established in 1735, by Carolus L…
The first name of the scientific name (binomial); the taxon b…
Microorganism (microbe)
A living organism too small to be seen with the naked eye; in…
Pathogen
A disease-causing organism.
55 terms
microbiology chapter 1
1) Microorganisms are involved in each…
2) Each of the following organisms wou…
3) The term used to describe a disease…
4) Common commercial benefits of micro…
Answer: E
Answer: D
Answer: D
Answer: E
1) Microorganisms are involved in each…
Answer: E
2) Each of the following organisms wou…
Answer: D
105 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Prokaryotes are ___________ and have...
What are the cell walls made of for ba…
Archaea are found within...
Eukaryotes can be both __________ and…
unicellular, no nucleus
peptidoglycan
extreme environments
unicellular, multicellular
Prokaryotes are ___________ and have...
unicellular, no nucleus
What are the cell walls made of for ba…
peptidoglycan
18 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
What are the six examples of microorga…
what are the 3 detrimental roles of mi…
What are the five beneficial roles of…
What did the knowledge of microorganis…
Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Viruses, Parasitic worms, and Algae
1) can be pathogenic disease-causing... 2) fungi:... -root rot of…
-decompose organic wastes ... ex. (waste water treatment plants,…
Prevention of food spoilage and disease occurrence... also led t…
What are the six examples of microorga…
Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, Viruses, Parasitic worms, and Algae
what are the 3 detrimental roles of mi…
1) can be pathogenic disease-causing... 2) fungi:... -root rot of…
39 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1.
Microbiology
Microbes
List of Microbes
Uses of Microbes
The study of microbes
Living things too small to be seen with the unaided eye
Bacteria, Viruses, Protozoa, Fungi, Microscopic Algae
Form basis of food chain, break down wastes, generate oxygen,…
Microbiology
The study of microbes
Microbes
Living things too small to be seen with the unaided eye
55 terms
microbiology chapter 1
1) Microorganisms are involved in each…
2) Each of the following organisms wou…
3) The term used to describe a disease…
4) Common commercial benefits of micro…
Answer: E
Answer: D
Answer: D
Answer: E
1) Microorganisms are involved in each…
Answer: E
2) Each of the following organisms wou…
Answer: D
51 terms
Chapter 1 microbiology
Microbiology is the ...
microbes are forms of life too small t…
the field examines how microbes intera…
What is the basis for life?
Study of microbes
naked eye
humans, food
Metabolism, growth, genetic variation/ evolution, response/ad…
Microbiology is the ...
Study of microbes
microbes are forms of life too small t…
naked eye
General microbiology- Chapter 1
major groups of microorganisms
bacteria
bacteria shapes
aerobic
bacteria, archaea, algae, protozoa, fungi, viruses
1. no ATP... 2. no SEX... 3. divide by binary fission... 4. have pepti…
cocci (spheres), baccilli (rod shaped), spirals
require O2
major groups of microorganisms
bacteria, archaea, algae, protozoa, fungi, viruses
bacteria
1. no ATP... 2. no SEX... 3. divide by binary fission... 4. have pepti…
12 terms
microbiology chapter 1 terms
domain
eukaryote
eukaryotic cell
obligate intracellular parasite
the highest level in classification above kingdom. there are…
organism composed of one or more eukaryotic cells; members of…
cell type characterized by a membrane-bound nucleus
an organism or virus that multiplies only inside living cells
domain
the highest level in classification above kingdom. there are…
eukaryote
organism composed of one or more eukaryotic cells; members of…
20 terms
Chapter 1 Intro to Microbiology
Microbiology
Microbes
Virology
Phycology
Study of microorganisms: cells that exist singly or in cluste…
Organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye.... -Bacteria,…
Study of Viruses: acellular obligate parasites consist of sma…
Study of Algae: photosynthetic aquatic organisms; bottom of f…
Microbiology
Study of microorganisms: cells that exist singly or in cluste…
Microbes
Organisms too small to be seen with the naked eye.... -Bacteria,…
39 terms
An introduction to microbiology Chapter 1
Bacteriology is the study of bacteria
Mycology is the study of fungi
Proctozoology is the study of protozoa
Phycology is the study of algae
...
...
...
...
Bacteriology is the study of bacteria
...
Mycology is the study of fungi
...
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
microbes
4 elements of the microbial structures
cell
prokaryotes
also known as microorganisms ... largest mass of living material…
1. cytoplasmic cell membrane- barrier for separation... 2. cytop…
a dynamic entity that forms the fundamental unit of life
no membrane enclosed organelles, no nucleus, small
microbes
also known as microorganisms ... largest mass of living material…
4 elements of the microbial structures
1. cytoplasmic cell membrane- barrier for separation... 2. cytop…
79 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
microbiology
Microorganisms include
bioremediation
biotechnology
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
bacteria... viruses... fungi... protozoa ... helminths (worms) ... algae
uses biological process to overcome environmental problems (e…
study and creation of vaccines and drugs
microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Microorganisms include
bacteria... viruses... fungi... protozoa ... helminths (worms) ... algae
99 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1
Microbiology involves the study of mic…
A (n) ____cell will not contain organe…
The development of the ______ establis…
What microbe is not cellular (acellula…
protozoa, fungi, helminths, archae, viruses, bacteria
prokaryotic
microscope
virus
Microbiology involves the study of mic…
protozoa, fungi, helminths, archae, viruses, bacteria
A (n) ____cell will not contain organe…
prokaryotic
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