How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 3"

10 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Aseptic
Colony Isolation
Pure culture
Bunsen burner
a system of packaging sterilized products in airtight contain…
An isolated colony is a bacterial colony that has been isolat…
In microbiology, a pure culture is a laboratory culture that…
Bunsen burner is used in a laboratory to heat substances duri…
Aseptic
a system of packaging sterilized products in airtight contain…
Colony Isolation
An isolated colony is a bacterial colony that has been isolat…
107 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
biosphere-
Biosphere-
homeostasis-
examples of prochlorococcus homeostasis
subgroups of a species that have special characterists to sur…
that part of the earth (air, soil, water) where life occurs
ability to adjust yet maintain a relatively stable internal s…
increasing amount of chlorophyll to capture light... using a wid…
biosphere-
subgroups of a species that have special characterists to sur…
Biosphere-
that part of the earth (air, soil, water) where life occurs
71 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Bacteria and Archaea have no:
Their are 3 ways they differ from euka…
The way their DNA is packaged:
The makeup of their cell wall:
true nucleus
The way their DNA is packaged... The makeup of their cell wall... T…
nuclear material is free inside the cytoplasm but do not have…
Bacteria have sturdy walls made of peptidoglycan
Bacteria and Archaea have no:
true nucleus
Their are 3 ways they differ from euka…
The way their DNA is packaged... The makeup of their cell wall... T…
26 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3 Vocab
Inoculation
Culture
Isolation
Colonies
The implantation of microorganisms into or upon culture media.
The visible accumulation/growth of microorganisms in or on a…
The separation of microbial cells by serial dilution or mecha…
A macroscopic cluster of cells appearing on a solid medium, e…
Inoculation
The implantation of microorganisms into or upon culture media.
Culture
The visible accumulation/growth of microorganisms in or on a…
37 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Coccus
Coccobacillus
Vibrio
spirillum
rounded shape, oval, ball shape
rounded but elongated
curved bacillus
smoother, helical shape. like a corkscrew. spiral shaped cyli…
Coccus
rounded shape, oval, ball shape
Coccobacillus
rounded but elongated
86 terms
Microbiology chapter 3
bacterial cells
viroids, prions, viruses
procaryotes and eucaryotes
archaea, bacteria, cyanobacteria
which cells do not have the complex system of membranes and o…
Three acellular microorganisms
two types of cellular microorganisms
three types of procaryotes
bacterial cells
which cells do not have the complex system of membranes and o…
viroids, prions, viruses
Three acellular microorganisms
61 terms
Union University Microbiology Chapter 3
1. DNA... 2. Biochemical reactions... 3. Res…
biochemical reactions
DNA
homeostasis
Name six ways eukaryotes and prokaryotes are similar.
these are used for growth and energy conversions
the heredity material that controls structure and function
the maintenance of stable conditions in a living organisms
1. DNA... 2. Biochemical reactions... 3. Res…
Name six ways eukaryotes and prokaryotes are similar.
biochemical reactions
these are used for growth and energy conversions
102 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
4 Processes of Life
Prokaryotes
eukaryote
organelles
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
kind of cell without a nucleus; small cell; cell wall contain…
kind of cell with a nucleus; very large; membrane bound organ…
specialized structures that act like tiny organs to carry on…
4 Processes of Life
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
Prokaryotes
kind of cell without a nucleus; small cell; cell wall contain…
30 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Resolution
resolution of the human retina
microscope
LPS
the smallest distance by which two objects can be separated a…
150 µm, or 1/7th of a millimeter
magnify or increase the apparent size of an image in order to…
Lipopolysaccharide/endotoxin
Resolution
the smallest distance by which two objects can be separated a…
resolution of the human retina
150 µm, or 1/7th of a millimeter
37 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Coccus
Coccobacillus
Vibrio
spirillum
rounded shape, oval, ball shape
rounded but elongated
curved bacillus
smoother, helical shape. like a corkscrew. spiral shaped cyli…
Coccus
rounded shape, oval, ball shape
Coccobacillus
rounded but elongated
42 terms
Microbiology chapter 3
ocular lens
body tube
objective lenses
stage
Eyepiece of a microscope
Transmits the image from the objective lens to the ocular lens
Primary lenses that magnify the specimen
Holds the microscope slide in position.
ocular lens
Eyepiece of a microscope
body tube
Transmits the image from the objective lens to the ocular lens
27 terms
Chapter 3 Microbiology
Revelation 4:11
What do we learn about God?
What do we learn about ourselves and o…
Rod-shaped
You are worthy, Our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor…
-God is creator of all things... -He deserves praise from His cr…
-God has a claim on our lives... -We are meant to praise Him
Bacilli
Revelation 4:11
You are worthy, Our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor…
What do we learn about God?
-God is creator of all things... -He deserves praise from His cr…
32 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Culture
Mixed (culture)
Pure (culture)
Subculture
The growth that occurs after inoculation
More than one microorganism in a culture
single species in a culture
Method to obtain/prepare a pure culture from a mixed culture
Culture
The growth that occurs after inoculation
Mixed (culture)
More than one microorganism in a culture
39 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Eukarya archaea bacteria
Bacteria
Archaea
Eukarya
The three domain
-circular DNA... -no nuclear membrane
-Extremophiles... -no nuclear membrane
-true nucleus... -membrane-bound organelles
Eukarya archaea bacteria
The three domain
Bacteria
-circular DNA... -no nuclear membrane
13 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Sterilization
Disinfection
Iodine Compounds
Chlorine Compounds
The total destruction of all microbes including the more resi…
Use of physical or chemical agents to destroy most organisms,…
Precipitate proteins and oxidize essential enzymes. ... Example…
Strong oxidizing agents. ... Examples are elemental chlorine, h…
Sterilization
The total destruction of all microbes including the more resi…
Disinfection
Use of physical or chemical agents to destroy most organisms,…
49 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
A simple microscope has how many lens?
6 types of light microscopes:
In a __________, the image from the ob…
objective lens X ocular lens =
one
Compound light microscopy... Darkfield microscopy... Phase-contrast…
compound microscope
total magnification
A simple microscope has how many lens?
one
6 types of light microscopes:
Compound light microscopy... Darkfield microscopy... Phase-contrast…
34 terms
Microbiology Tortora Chapter 3
Simple Microscope
Light Microscopy
Types of Light Microscopy
Total Magnification
Only has one lens
Any kind of microscope that uses visible light to observe spe…
1. Compound Light Microscopy... 2. Darkfield Microscopy... 3. Phase…
Objective Lens x Ocular Lens
Simple Microscope
Only has one lens
Light Microscopy
Any kind of microscope that uses visible light to observe spe…
23 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Brightfield
Darkfield
Phase Contrast
Fluorescence
common and illumination is from condenser focusing light... to o…
Examine living microorganisms, do not stain easily, frequentl…
To facilitate detailed examination of the internal structures…
For fluorescent antibody techniques to rapidly detect and ide…
Brightfield
common and illumination is from condenser focusing light... to o…
Darkfield
Examine living microorganisms, do not stain easily, frequentl…
47 terms
Chapter 3 microbiology
Eukaryal cells are defined by presence…
Eukaryal cells usually contain intrace…
Nucleolus exists within the ...
The nucleolus is involved with .... sy…
membrane
organelles
nucleus
ribosome
Eukaryal cells are defined by presence…
membrane
Eukaryal cells usually contain intrace…
organelles
96 terms
Chapter 3 Microbiology
One lens as magnifying glass... Magnifica…
Condenser lens... Objective lens system... O…
specimens are coated with fluorescent…
Microscopy Provides Detailed Images of…
Simple Microscopes
Compound Microscopes
Fluorescence Microscopes
Electron Microscope
One lens as magnifying glass... Magnifica…
Simple Microscopes
Condenser lens... Objective lens system... O…
Compound Microscopes
30 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 3
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Atomic Force Microscope
Dark-Field Microscope
Common tool in Microbiology, Good for cell size, shape, and m…
Good for find details of the cell, can also visualize virus p…
produce images of individual atoms on a surface
Directs light toward specimen at an angle, cells appear as br…
Light Microscope
Common tool in Microbiology, Good for cell size, shape, and m…
Electron Microscope
Good for find details of the cell, can also visualize virus p…
72 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Microscope
Light Microscope
Bright field microscope
Fluorescence microscope
- used to view object that cannot be seen with the naked eye
- Microscope that uses light to see objects... - Also called an…
- most common microscope... - visible light is transmitted throu…
- used to visualize object that emits light when light of a d…
Microscope
- used to view object that cannot be seen with the naked eye
Light Microscope
- Microscope that uses light to see objects... - Also called an…
44 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 3 Vocab
culture
medium
inoculation
sterile
cultivate, or introduce a tiny sample into a container of med…
a nutrient used to grow organisms outside of their normal hab…
the process of introducing a culture to a medium
completely free of all life forms
culture
cultivate, or introduce a tiny sample into a container of med…
medium
a nutrient used to grow organisms outside of their normal hab…
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
4 Processes of Life
Prokaryotes
eukaryote
organelles
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
kind of cell without a nucleus
kind of cell with a nucleus
specialized structures that act like tiny organs to carry on…
4 Processes of Life
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
Prokaryotes
kind of cell without a nucleus
Microbiology chapter 3
Prokaryotes can be distinguished from…
All bacterial cells possess:
Size, Shape, and Arrangement of Bacter…
Size, Shape, and Arrangement of Bacter…
- the way their DNA is packaged (lack of nucleus)-circular DN…
-a cell membrane... -cytoplasm... -ribosomes... -a cytoskeleton... -o…
sphere
pairs
Prokaryotes can be distinguished from…
- the way their DNA is packaged (lack of nucleus)-circular DN…
All bacterial cells possess:
-a cell membrane... -cytoplasm... -ribosomes... -a cytoskeleton... -o…
55 terms
microbiology chapter 3
1) Which of the following is NOT equal…
2) What structure does light pass thro…
3) Which of the following pairs is mis…
4) Which of the following places the s…
Answer: D
Answer: C
Answer: D
Answer: C
1) Which of the following is NOT equal…
Answer: D
2) What structure does light pass thro…
Answer: C
46 terms
Microbiology 323: Chapter 3
Convert measurements between m, mm, um…
has only one lens
has two lenses
Equation to find total magnification
1 mm = 1/1000 m = 10^-3... 1 um = 1/1,000,000 m = 10^-6 m (10^-3…
simple microscope
compound microscope
total magnification = objective lens x ocular lens
Convert measurements between m, mm, um…
1 mm = 1/1000 m = 10^-3... 1 um = 1/1,000,000 m = 10^-6 m (10^-3…
has only one lens
simple microscope
70 terms
Microbiology Chap 3
Glycocalyx
Capsule
Slime layer
Flagella
Gelatinous, sticky substance surrounding the outside of the c…
Composed of organized repeating units of organic chemicals... Fi…
Loosely attached to cell surface... Water soluble... Sticky layer a…
Are responsible for movement... Have long structures that extend…
Glycocalyx
Gelatinous, sticky substance surrounding the outside of the c…
Capsule
Composed of organized repeating units of organic chemicals... Fi…
36 terms
Chapter 3: Microbiology
Yeast size
Bacteria
Viruses
Simple Microscope
10 micrometers
1*4 micrometers
20 nm- 300 nm
one lens
Yeast size
10 micrometers
Bacteria
1*4 micrometers
34 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3 Reading Notes
external features in bacteria that ena…
glycocalyx
capsule
slime layer
glycocalyces, flagella, fimbriae, and pili
literally means sweet cup... gelatinous sticky substance that s…
when the glycocalyx of a bacterium is composed of organized r…
a loose water-soluble glycocalyx layer
external features in bacteria that ena…
glycocalyces, flagella, fimbriae, and pili
glycocalyx
literally means sweet cup... gelatinous sticky substance that s…
102 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Chapter 3
Coccus
Bacillus
Vibrio
Spirillum
round or spherical
cylindrical or rod shaped
short and has a slight curve like a comma
a curved rod long enough to form a few spirals; rigid
Coccus
round or spherical
Bacillus
cylindrical or rod shaped
79 terms
Microbiology 205 Chapter 3
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
Do not have membrane surrounding their DNA; no nucleus
Lack various internal membrane-bound structures
Comprised of bacteria and archaea
Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotes
Do not have membrane surrounding their DNA; no nucleus
25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Capsule
Chemotaxis
Cytoplasmic Membrane
Endospore
A distink, thick gelatinous material that surrounds some micr…
Movement of a cell toward or away from a certain chemical in…
A phospholipid bilayer embedded with proteins that surrounds…
An extraordinarily domrant cell produced by some bacteria
Capsule
A distink, thick gelatinous material that surrounds some micr…
Chemotaxis
Movement of a cell toward or away from a certain chemical in…
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
4 Processes of Life
Prokaryotes
eukaryote
organelles
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
kind of cell without a nucleus
kind of cell with a nucleus
specialized structures that act like tiny organs to carry on…
4 Processes of Life
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
Prokaryotes
kind of cell without a nucleus
46 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Flagella (Parts)
How do flagellum move?
Filament (Flagella)
Hook (Flagella)
1) filament... 2) Hook... 3) Basal body
Movement is driven by proton motive force... Motor-Comprised of…
Hollow cylinder made of flagelli
Flexible coupling from basal body to filament
Flagella (Parts)
1) filament... 2) Hook... 3) Basal body
How do flagellum move?
Movement is driven by proton motive force... Motor-Comprised of…
30 terms
Chapter 3 Microbiology
composed of bacteria and archaea,... lack…
have nucleus, have internal membrane o…
gelatinous sticky substance surroundin…
protective structure outside of the ce…
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Glycocalyces
Capsule
composed of bacteria and archaea,... lack…
Prokaryotes
have nucleus, have internal membrane o…
Eukaryotes
224 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
What are some characteristics of livin…
What is increase in size during develo…
What is when organisms produce more or…
With microbes growth and reproduction…
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism and transpor…
growth
reproduction
spontaneously
What are some characteristics of livin…
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism and transpor…
What is increase in size during develo…
growth
24 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cell
Plantae, Animalia, Protista, Fungi,Bac…
Bacteria, Archea, Eukaria
Have a cell wall, no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles
Have a nucleus, and Membrane bound organelles
What are the 6 kingdoms of microorganisms?
What are the 3 domains?
Prokaryotic Cells
Have a cell wall, no nucleus, no membrane bound organelles
Eukaryotic Cell
Have a nucleus, and Membrane bound organelles
72 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3 Powerpoint
Eukaryote
Peptidoglycan
Polysaccharide
Flagella or Cilia
Do prokaryotes or eukaryotes have true nucleuses?
What substance is in a prokaryotic cell wall?
What substance is in a eukaryotic cell wall?
What locomotor appendages do eukaryotic cells have?
Eukaryote
Do prokaryotes or eukaryotes have true nucleuses?
Peptidoglycan
What substance is in a prokaryotic cell wall?
33 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
What is defined by a presence of a mem…
What is the function of the nucleus?
What is a double membrane structure th…
What exists within the nucleus, but is…
Eukaryal cells.
Plays a role in the storage and expression of information.
DNA.
Nucleolus.
What is defined by a presence of a mem…
Eukaryal cells.
What is the function of the nucleus?
Plays a role in the storage and expression of information.
76 terms
Chapter 3 Microbiology
light microscope
electron microscope
atomic force microscope
bright-field microscope
can magnify 1,000x and is a common, important tool in microbi…
can magnify more than 100,000x
can produce images of individual atoms on a surface
the most common type of light microscopy
light microscope
can magnify 1,000x and is a common, important tool in microbi…
electron microscope
can magnify more than 100,000x
57 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Which of the following is NOT a charac…
The movement of a cell toward or away…
Identify the similarities between euka…
List the order of endospore activation…
Maintain cell shape
Chemotaxis
- Contains peripheral proteins... - Selectively permeable... - Comp…
(1) Activation... (2) Germination... (3) Outgrowth
Which of the following is NOT a charac…
Maintain cell shape
The movement of a cell toward or away…
Chemotaxis
44 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
A bacterial cell possesses a glycocaly…
The filament and basal body are associ…
How do axial filaments differ from reg…
What is the advantage to spirochetes o…
it will be engulfed more quickly by defensive cells of the host
flagella
the cell membrane and the outer membrane.
It allows the cells to move more easily through viscous human…
A bacterial cell possesses a glycocaly…
it will be engulfed more quickly by defensive cells of the host
The filament and basal body are associ…
flagella
117 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
What are the two most common shapes of…
What two ways are the arrangments of b…
What is the shape of each of these?... 1…
Can rods be staphylo?
Rods and cocci.
By plane of division and by whether or not they are seperated.
1) Spheres... 2) pairs... 3) chains... 4) clusters... 5) 4 cocci square... 6…
NO
What are the two most common shapes of…
Rods and cocci.
What two ways are the arrangments of b…
By plane of division and by whether or not they are seperated.
55 terms
microbiology chapter 3
1) Which of the following is NOT equal…
2) What structure does light pass thro…
3) Which of the following pairs is mis…
4) Which of the following places the s…
Answer: D
Answer: C
Answer: D
Answer: C
1) Which of the following is NOT equal…
Answer: D
2) What structure does light pass thro…
Answer: C
71 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Bacteria and Archaea have no:
Their are 3 ways they differ from euka…
The way their DNA is packaged:
The makeup of their cell wall:
true nucleus
The way their DNA is packaged... The makeup of their cell wall... T…
nuclear material is free inside the cytoplasm but do not have…
Bacteria have sturdy walls made of peptidoglycan
Bacteria and Archaea have no:
true nucleus
Their are 3 ways they differ from euka…
The way their DNA is packaged... The makeup of their cell wall... T…
53 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3: Microscopes
acid fast staining
units of measurement
1mm= how many um
1um= how many NM
stains a patients sputum... diagnosis of TB
mm- can see with naked eye (can see as small as .1mm... um- 100…
1000um
1000nm
acid fast staining
stains a patients sputum... diagnosis of TB
units of measurement
mm- can see with naked eye (can see as small as .1mm... um- 100…
58 terms
Microbiology chapter 3
Cell theory
Properties of life?
Biofilms
Quorum sensing
The theory that all plants and animals are co,posed of one or…
Homeostasis, biofilms, quorum sensing, DNA, biochemical react…
A highly organized communities that 99% of bacteria like to l…
Ability for bacterial cells to sense their number by producin…
Cell theory
The theory that all plants and animals are co,posed of one or…
Properties of life?
Homeostasis, biofilms, quorum sensing, DNA, biochemical react…
55 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
Units of Microbes
Sizes of microbes
Frequency
ROYGBV
Nm to um
How many times the wave peaks and the time between... Long = low…
Visible light scale
Units of Microbes
Nm to um
Sizes of microbes
85 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
1 um =
1 nm =
1um
0.001 um
10 -6m
10 -9m
1000 nm
1nm
1 um =
10 -6m
1 nm =
10 -9m
1 of 10