Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 5"

104 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Catabolic reactions in metabolism
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
the energy RELEASING process; decomposition reactions. Provid…
energy USING process; synthetic reactions
Fermentation, cellular (aerobic) respiration, anaerobic respi…
Metabolism
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
Catabolism
the energy RELEASING process; decomposition reactions. Provid…
46 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Capsid
Viron
Capsomers
geonome
Protein shell that surrounds the nucleic acid in the central…
A fully formed virus that is able to establish infection in a…
The small identical subunits that are constructed from proteins
the complete genetic makeup of an organism
Capsid
Protein shell that surrounds the nucleic acid in the central…
Viron
A fully formed virus that is able to establish infection in a…
26 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5 Vocab
Glycocalyx
Organelles
Nucleolus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
A filamentous network of carbohydrate rich molecules that coa…
A small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a me…
A granular mass containing RNA that is contained within the n…
An intracellular network of flattened sacs or tubules with or…
Glycocalyx
A filamentous network of carbohydrate rich molecules that coa…
Organelles
A small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a me…
46 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
metabolic pathways
collision theory
activation energy
enzymes
sequences of chemical reactions which are determined by enzymes
atoms, ion, molecules are continuously moving and colliding w…
the amount of energy needed to disrupt the stable electronic…
proteins that act as catalysts... biological catalysts... highly sp…
metabolic pathways
sequences of chemical reactions which are determined by enzymes
collision theory
atoms, ion, molecules are continuously moving and colliding w…
56 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 5
Nucleic Acids & Proteins
Are not cellular.
All viruses lack the machinery to synt…
Obligate
At minimum, all viruses are composed of:
Unlike organisms such as bacteria and protozoa, viruses:
Which of the following is correct?
All viruses must infect a host cell in order to replicate, an…
Nucleic Acids & Proteins
At minimum, all viruses are composed of:
Are not cellular.
Unlike organisms such as bacteria and protozoa, viruses:
19 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Restriction enzymes
Restriction fragment length polymorphism
DNA probes
Stringency
Recognize specific DNA sequences that have a palindromic stru…
Differences in length of the DNA fragments among the differen…
Can be used like antibodies as sensitive and specific tools t…
The requirement for an exact sequence match.
Restriction enzymes
Recognize specific DNA sequences that have a palindromic stru…
Restriction fragment length polymorphism
Differences in length of the DNA fragments among the differen…
Microbiology chapter 5
Louis Pasteur
Virouses
Virology
Virologists
proposed the term Virus which means poison in latin.
noncellular or acellular infectious agents
study of viruses
scientists who study viruses
Louis Pasteur
proposed the term Virus which means poison in latin.
Virouses
noncellular or acellular infectious agents
18 terms
Chapter 5 Microbiology
Joseph Lister
decontamination
sanitized
preservation
saved more lives by the introduction of his system than all t…
reduce pathogen levels considered safe to handle
substantially reduced microbial population that meets accepte…
process of delaying spoilage of foods and other perishable pr…
Joseph Lister
saved more lives by the introduction of his system than all t…
decontamination
reduce pathogen levels considered safe to handle
94 terms
Union University Microbiology Chapter 5
Binary fission
B period... C period... D period
Cell Growth... cell increases in mass and…
DNA replication... DNA replicates and the…
the name for cell division in bacteria
What are the parts of the bacterial cell cycle?
What happens in the B period?
What happens in the C period?
Binary fission
the name for cell division in bacteria
B period... C period... D period
What are the parts of the bacterial cell cycle?
Tortora Microbiology Chapter 5
metabolism
catabolism
hydrolytic reactions
exergonic
the sum of all chemical reactions
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
reactions which use water and in which chemical bonds are bro…
produce more energy than they consume
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions
catabolism
the breakdown of complex organic compounds into simpler ones…
41 terms
Chapter 5 microbiology
Binary fission
Exponential growth plot
equation that describes exponential gr…
batch culture of bacteria
bacteria divide via Asexual division. ... cell division followin…
growth of a microbial population in which cell numbers DOUBLE…
N=N₀2ⁿ... N= final cell #... N₀= initial cell #... n= number of gener…
a CLOSED system microbial culture of fixed volume. ... character…
Binary fission
bacteria divide via Asexual division. ... cell division followin…
Exponential growth plot
growth of a microbial population in which cell numbers DOUBLE…
75 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
What is the need for metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
the chemical reactions in the cell (that obtain/utilize energ…
precursor molecules... energy (electron source/ flow)
You think of synthesis
breakdown of compounds to obtain energy & building blocks (pr…
Metabolism
the chemical reactions in the cell (that obtain/utilize energ…
What is the need for metabolism
precursor molecules... energy (electron source/ flow)
Microbiology chapter 5
1) Which of the following compounds is…
Figure 5.1... ... 2) Which compound is be…
3) Which organism is NOT correctly mat…
4) Which of the following statements a…
Answer: C
Answer: C
Answer: B
Answer: C
1) Which of the following compounds is…
Answer: C
Figure 5.1... ... 2) Which compound is be…
Answer: C
Microbiology Chapter 5 Eukaryotes
Flagella in Eukaryotes
Cilia "eyelash"
Glycocalyx
Glycocalyx functions
-microtubules "9 + 2" structure composed of tubulin ... -covered…
- similar in structure to flagella but shorter and more numer…
- outer boundary, contact w/ environment ... -usually composed o…
adhering to cell surfaces, protection & signaling between cel…
Flagella in Eukaryotes
-microtubules "9 + 2" structure composed of tubulin ... -covered…
Cilia "eyelash"
- similar in structure to flagella but shorter and more numer…
Microbiology chapter 5
History of Eukaryotes
Theory of endocytosis
Unicellular eukaryotic microbes with f…
Unicellular, colonial, or multicellula…
-first appeared 2 billion years ago... -evidence suggest evoluti…
overtime organisms developed nucleus with nucleiod region
protozoa
fungi and algae
History of Eukaryotes
-first appeared 2 billion years ago... -evidence suggest evoluti…
Theory of endocytosis
overtime organisms developed nucleus with nucleiod region
Microbiology Chapter 5
NTD's
Unicellular, a Few Colonial
May be Unicellular, Colonial, or Multi…
Multicellular Except Reproductive Stages
Neglected Tropical Diseases... Mostly are Eukaryotic parasites
Protozoa
Fungi, Algae
Helminths, Anthropods
NTD's
Neglected Tropical Diseases... Mostly are Eukaryotic parasites
Unicellular, a Few Colonial
Protozoa
Microbiology Chapter 5
activation energy
active site
aerobic respiration
allosteric site
the amount of energy needed to trigger a chemical reaction
functional site of an enzyme, the shape of which is complemen…
type of cellular respiration requiring oxygen atoms as final…
The place on an enzyme where a molecule that is not a substra…
activation energy
the amount of energy needed to trigger a chemical reaction
active site
functional site of an enzyme, the shape of which is complemen…
25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
METABOLISM
ENERGY
CATABOLIC... 1st CHOICE - Glucose... 2nd CHO…
EXERGONIC... 1 Glucose... 2 Fat
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Is the ability to do work
A process in which large molecules are broken down
release/exit of energy
METABOLISM
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
ENERGY
Is the ability to do work
78 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Select the major groups of eukaryotic…
Flagella and cillia are associated wit…
The _______ is composed of cytosol and…
Match each type of organism with the c…
- Fungi... - Protists
Motility
Cytoplasm
- Bacteria: Usually circular and do not contain histone or hi…
Select the major groups of eukaryotic…
- Fungi... - Protists
Flagella and cillia are associated wit…
Motility
43 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
What is an intracellular obligate para…
What is typically between 10 and 100 n…
What has a protein shell, or capsid, a…
What is a capsid and genome together?
Virus.
Virus.
Virus.
Nuclei capsid.
What is an intracellular obligate para…
Virus.
What is typically between 10 and 100 n…
Virus.
51 terms
Microbiology, Chapter 5
metabolism
catabolism
hydrolytic reactions
exergonic reactions
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
- the enzyme-regulated chemical reactions that release energy…
reactions which use water and in which chemical bonds are bro…
produce more energy than they consume
metabolism
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
catabolism
- the enzyme-regulated chemical reactions that release energy…
58 terms
Microbiology chapter 5
Ribozymes
Holoenzyme
Coenzymes
Cofactors
In eukaryotes, these process other RNA molecules by removing…
The binding of an apoenzyme and it's cofactors form this acti…
Made of vitamins, this is an organic cofactor
Either inorganic ions or organic coenzymes make up this nonpr…
Ribozymes
In eukaryotes, these process other RNA molecules by removing…
Holoenzyme
The binding of an apoenzyme and it's cofactors form this acti…
46 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 5 Vocab
organelles
endosymbiosis
glycocalyx
nucleolus
a small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a me…
relationship in which a microorganism resides within a host c…
a filamentous network of carbohydrate rich molecules that coa…
a granular mass containing RNA that is contained within the n…
organelles
a small component of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a me…
endosymbiosis
relationship in which a microorganism resides within a host c…
microbiology chapter 5
antiseptic
aseptic technique
bactericidal
bacteriostatic
a disinfectant non toxic enough to be used on skin
procedures that minimize the chance of unwanted microbes bein…
kills bacteria
Prevents the growth of, but does not kill bacteria
antiseptic
a disinfectant non toxic enough to be used on skin
aseptic technique
procedures that minimize the chance of unwanted microbes bein…
Microbiology- Chapter 5
Catabolism
Anabolism
Most lithotrophs fix carbon using
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
enzyme-regulated chemical reactions that release energy; brea…
enzyme-regulated reactions that build complex organic molecul…
the Calvin cycle
stores energy and releases it to drive anabolic reactions and…
Catabolism
enzyme-regulated chemical reactions that release energy; brea…
Anabolism
enzyme-regulated reactions that build complex organic molecul…
53 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Growth Rate
3 Cardinal Temperatures
Minimum, Maximum and Optimum Temperatu…
Psychrophiles
Number of cell divisions per hour.... Doubles for every temperat…
Minimum, Maximum and Optimum Temperatures
Minimum temperature: Lowest temperature for organism's growth…
Cold living, 15-20C. they cannot grow above 20. ... i.e: PSEUDOM…
Growth Rate
Number of cell divisions per hour.... Doubles for every temperat…
3 Cardinal Temperatures
Minimum, Maximum and Optimum Temperatures
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolism
buildup and breakdown of nutrients within a cell
Provide energy and create substances that sustain life
can cause disease and food spoilage
has many pathways that are beneficial rather than pathogenic
Metabolism
buildup and breakdown of nutrients within a cell
Metabolism
Provide energy and create substances that sustain life
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Catabolic reactions in metabolism
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
the energy RELEASING process; decomposition reactions. Provid…
energy USING process; synthetic reactions
Fermentation, cellular (aerobic) respiration, anaerobic respi…
Metabolism
the sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
Catabolism
the energy RELEASING process; decomposition reactions. Provid…
30 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Tobacco mosaic virus was crystallized by
The "turkey wrap" analogy applies to w…
The units of the viral protein coat ar…
Viruses are known to infect
Ivanowsky
helical
capsid
all organisms
Tobacco mosaic virus was crystallized by
Ivanowsky
The "turkey wrap" analogy applies to w…
helical
135 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Catabolism
Anabolism
Cells have what kind of pathways?
Anabolic pathways
all of the decomposition reaction in an organism taken together
all of the synthesis reaction in an organism taken together
catabolic pathway which break larger molecules into smaller p…
synthesize large molecules from the smaller products of catab…
Catabolism
all of the decomposition reaction in an organism taken together
Anabolism
all of the synthesis reaction in an organism taken together
Microbiology Chapter 5: Viruses
The genetic composition of viruses is…
viruses cannot
viruses need a _______ to survive in
type of virus that infects bacteria
DNA or RNA
reproduce on their own
host
bacteriophage
The genetic composition of viruses is…
DNA or RNA
viruses cannot
reproduce on their own
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Metabolic Pathways
All chemical reactions within a living cell
Chemical reactions that result in the breakdown of more compl…
Chemical reactions in which simpler substances are combined t…
Sequences of chemical reactions which are determined by enzym…
Metabolism
All chemical reactions within a living cell
Catabolism
Chemical reactions that result in the breakdown of more compl…
65 terms
Microbiology chapter 5 missed question
Apoenzyme
cofactor
Apoenzyme
Holoenzyme
Enzyme Components ... - What is the protein part ?
Enzyme Components ... - INORGANIC Non-protein part ... -Example…
Enzyme component ... - _____ are inactive until bound by , an…
Apoenzyme + cofactor = ?
Apoenzyme
Enzyme Components ... - What is the protein part ?
cofactor
Enzyme Components ... - INORGANIC Non-protein part ... -Example…
Microbiology Chapter 5
1. The process by which bacteria repro…
2. How is asexual reproduction used in…
3. The interval of time between succes…
4. Archaea reproduce by a process know…
D
A
C
B
1. The process by which bacteria repro…
D
2. How is asexual reproduction used in…
A
Microbiology Chapter 5
Why are fungal infections more difficu…
How do fungal cell walls differ from b…
Significance of difference between chi…
How do yeasts differ from molds?
Fungi do not require a host to complete life cycles, Because…
Fungal Cell walls have chitin, while bacterial have peptidogl…
Bacterial cell walls can be inhibited by antibiotics.
Yeasts are single cell life forms, molds are unicellular
Why are fungal infections more difficu…
Fungi do not require a host to complete life cycles, Because…
How do fungal cell walls differ from b…
Fungal Cell walls have chitin, while bacterial have peptidogl…
48 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 5 Wolff
algae
algal cells
algae
algae
photosynthetic, eucaryotic organisms
consist of cytoplasm, a cell wall (usually), cell membrane, a…
-may be arranged in colonies or strands and are found in fres…
include diatoms, dinoflagellates, desmids, Spirogyra, Chlamyd…
algae
photosynthetic, eucaryotic organisms
algal cells
consist of cytoplasm, a cell wall (usually), cell membrane, a…
78 terms
Microbiology-Chapter 5 Eukaryotes
Eukaryotes
Fungi
Algae
Protozoa
Nucleus and specialized structures-organelles
Single or multi-celled; feed on organics; microscopic or macr…
Rigid cell wall; chloroplasts; photosynthetic
Protists engulfing other cells; NO CELL WALL
Eukaryotes
Nucleus and specialized structures-organelles
Fungi
Single or multi-celled; feed on organics; microscopic or macr…
10 terms
Chapter 5: Microbiology
The branch of science that deals with…
These are classified by morphology, gr…
A round bacterium that arranges itself…
The members of this group of bacteria…
Microbiology
Bacteria
Coccus
Bacilli
The branch of science that deals with…
Microbiology
These are classified by morphology, gr…
Bacteria
45 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Which of the following is the best def…
Which of the following statements abou…
An enzyme, citrate synthase, in the Kr…
Beggiatoa bacteria get energy by oxidi…
The oxidation of glucose with organic molecules serving as el…
It is a step in glycolysis
competitive inhibition
electrons; electron transport chain
Which of the following is the best def…
The oxidation of glucose with organic molecules serving as el…
Which of the following statements abou…
It is a step in glycolysis
144 terms
Microbiology 323: Chapter 5
the sum of the chemical reaction in an…
___ and ___ are couples by ATP
adenosine triphosphate ... stores energy…
releases energy by breaking down macro…
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism
ATP
catabolism
the sum of the chemical reaction in an…
metabolism
___ and ___ are couples by ATP
catabolism and anabolism
17 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
8 Elementary Statements
Catabolism
Anabolism
Collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take plac…
-Every cell acquires nutrients... -Metabolism requires energy fr…
Breaking down... -Get energy from it
Making large molecules... -Loose energy from it
Metabolism
Collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take plac…
8 Elementary Statements
-Every cell acquires nutrients... -Metabolism requires energy fr…
42 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 5
Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Cytoplasmic Matrix
Cytoplasm of Eukaryotes
Prominent members of ecosystem; Useful as model systems and i…
Membrane-delimited nuclei; Membrane-bound organelles that per…
Provides complex environment required for cellular activities
Consists of liquid, the cytosol, and many organelles
Eukaryotic Microorganisms
Prominent members of ecosystem; Useful as model systems and i…
Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Membrane-delimited nuclei; Membrane-bound organelles that per…
Microbiology Chapter 5
Metabolism
Metabolic Processes
Catabolism
Anabolism
-Collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take pla…
-Every cell acquires nutrients... -Metabolism requires energy fr…
-Break larger molecules into smaller products ... -Exergonic (re…
-Synthesize larger molecules from the smaller products of cat…
Metabolism
-Collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take pla…
Metabolic Processes
-Every cell acquires nutrients... -Metabolism requires energy fr…
Chapter 5 Review: Microbiology
List 4 types of eukaryotic microorgani…
Know the parts of a eukaryotic cell:
What different/additional structures w…
Do animal or plant cells or both conta…
Protozoa, fungi, algae, helminths
Cell wall & chloroplast
Both
List 4 types of eukaryotic microorgani…
Protozoa, fungi, algae, helminths
Know the parts of a eukaryotic cell:
38 terms
Chapter 5: Microbiology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
ATP
The sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
energy-releasing process... Catabolism provides the building bl…
Energy-using process
Has ribose, adenine, and three phosphate groups.
Metabolism
The sum of the chemical reactions in an organism
Catabolism
energy-releasing process... Catabolism provides the building bl…
65 terms
Chapter 5 Microbiology
The first eukaryotic cells appeared on…
Bacteria and Eukaryotes evolved from t…
In what way did eukaryotes used to be…
____________ are shorter and more nume…
2-3 billion years ago
Last Common Ancestor
Eukaryotes were single-celled, and independent. Multicellular…
Cilia
The first eukaryotic cells appeared on…
2-3 billion years ago
Bacteria and Eukaryotes evolved from t…
Last Common Ancestor
70 terms
Chapter 5 Microbiology
eukaryotic types
reproduce sexually and asexually
type of nuclear division
haploid example
algae, protozoa, fungi, plants, and animals
algae, fungi, and some protozoa
single copy: haploid... two copies: diploid
most fungi, many algae, some protozoa
eukaryotic types
algae, protozoa, fungi, plants, and animals
reproduce sexually and asexually
algae, fungi, and some protozoa
29 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5
Anabolism
Catabolism
Enzyme
Substrate
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
a substance produced by a living organism that acts as a cata…
the substance on which an enzyme acts
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules in living organisms from s…
Catabolism
the breakdown of complex molecules in living organisms to for…
77 terms
Microbiology Chapter 5 Review
binary fission
balanced growth
generation time
exponential growth
cell division following enlargement of a cell to twice its mi…
during generation, all cellular constituents increase proport…
time required for microbial cells to double in number
growth of a microbial population in which cell numbers double…
binary fission
cell division following enlargement of a cell to twice its mi…
balanced growth
during generation, all cellular constituents increase proport…
Microbiology Chapter 5
Glycocalyx
Locomotor appendages
cell wall
cytoplasmic membrane
outermost boundary that comes into direct contact with envior…
cilia... -similar with flagella... -shorter and more numerous... -only…
rigid, provides structural support and shape... fungi have thick…
typical bilayer of phospholipids and proteins ... sterolds confe…
Glycocalyx
outermost boundary that comes into direct contact with envior…
Locomotor appendages
cilia... -similar with flagella... -shorter and more numerous... -only…
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