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Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 9 2"

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Study sets matching "microbiology chapter 9 2"

59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
Paul Ehrlich
Sahachiro Hato
Domagk, Jacques, and trefouel
Ernest Duchesne
1904 - developed concept of selective toxicity and effectivel…
1910 - effectively treated syphilis
1935 - discovered sulfa drugs
1896 - first discovered penicillin but was lost
Paul Ehrlich
1904 - developed concept of selective toxicity and effectivel…
Sahachiro Hato
1910 - effectively treated syphilis
microbiology chapter 9 2
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
The DNA of microorganisms is made up o…
Which is incorrect about purines?... onl…
All of the choices are correct
All of the choices are correct.
nucleotides
only found in DNA, not in RNA
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
All of the choices are correct
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
All of the choices are correct.
98 terms
Microbiology chapter 9
Genetics
Examples of anabolic process
Organismal genetics
Chromosomal genetics
The study of the inheritance or heredity of living things. Ex…
DNA, RNA and protein production
observes the heredity of the whole organism or cell
examines the characteristics and actions of chromosomes
Genetics
The study of the inheritance or heredity of living things. Ex…
Examples of anabolic process
DNA, RNA and protein production
Microbiology Chapter 9
Sterilization
Aseptic
Disinfection
Antisepsis
Destruction of all microorganisms and viruses in or on an obj…
Refers to an environment or procedure free of pathogenic cont…
Destruction of most microorganisms and viruses on nonliving t…
Reduction in the number of microorganisms and viruses, partic…
Sterilization
Destruction of all microorganisms and viruses in or on an obj…
Aseptic
Refers to an environment or procedure free of pathogenic cont…
31 terms
chapter 9 tortora microbiology
biotechnology
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
vector
clone
using microorganisms to make a product
modification of genes to produce proteins
self replicating dna ... carry gene to a cell ... multiple cloning…
cells that come from once cell and carries the new gene
biotechnology
using microorganisms to make a product
recombinant dna technology (rDNA)
modification of genes to produce proteins
68 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9: Test 2
What is a chemotherapeutic agent?
Most chemotherapeutic agents are what…
What is an antibiotic?
Who first discovered Pinicillin, and t…
Chemical agent used to treat disease and destroy pathogens or…
Antibiotics
Microbial product or derivative that kills susceptible microb…
Duchesne---- Fleming.
What is a chemotherapeutic agent?
Chemical agent used to treat disease and destroy pathogens or…
Most chemotherapeutic agents are what…
Antibiotics
58 terms
chapter 9 microbiology
dna
genome
chromosome
Bacterial chromosome... eukaryotic chromo…
central molecule of genetics, functional unit
sun total of genetic material carried within a cell
when dna is associated with proteins, neatly packaged DNA mol…
circular, double stranded, 1 chromosome... linear, dbl stranded,…
dna
central molecule of genetics, functional unit
genome
sun total of genetic material carried within a cell
42 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Unit 2
Genetics
Genome
Chromosomes
Genes
the study of heredity
sum total of genetic material of a cell (chromosomes + mitoch…
DNA complexed with protein
fundamental unit of heredity responsible for a given trait
Genetics
the study of heredity
Genome
sum total of genetic material of a cell (chromosomes + mitoch…
113 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology
What is recombinant DNA also known as?
Steps of making rDNA
The use of microorganisms, cells or cell components to make a…
inserting genes into cells so that chemicals that aren't prod…
genetic engineering
Gene of interest is inserted into the vector DNA... DNA molecule…
Biotechnology
The use of microorganisms, cells or cell components to make a…
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology
inserting genes into cells so that chemicals that aren't prod…
42 terms
Chapter 9 Microbiology
Antisepsis
Antisepsis
Aseptic
Aseptic
Reduction in the # of microorganisms and viruses, particularl…
Iodine, Alcohol
Refers to an environment or procedure free of pathogenic cont…
Prep of surgical field; hand washing; flame sterilization of…
Antisepsis
Reduction in the # of microorganisms and viruses, particularl…
Antisepsis
Iodine, Alcohol
89 terms
chapter 9 microbiology
genome
chromosomes
genes
Viruses contain either ___ or ___ as p…
sum total of all genetic material carried within a cell. Most…
a cellular structure composed of a neatly packed DNA molecule.
region of DNA that encodes protein. ... its the segment of DNA t…
DNA or RNA... genome of cells just have DNA
genome
sum total of all genetic material carried within a cell. Most…
chromosomes
a cellular structure composed of a neatly packed DNA molecule.
51 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 9
genome
chromosome
gene
genotype
sum total of genetic material of an organism
discrete cellular structure composed of neatly packaged DNA m…
a segment of DNA that contains the necessary code to make a p…
the sum of all types of genes constituting an organism's dist…
genome
sum total of genetic material of an organism
chromosome
discrete cellular structure composed of neatly packaged DNA m…
66 terms
Microbiology chapter 9
chemotheraputic agent
antimicrobial agent
antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozo…
antibiotic
what is any drug used to treat any condition of disease?
what is any chemical drug used to treat an infectious disease…
what are the 4 types of antimicrobial agents?
substance produced by a microorganism that kills or inhibits…
chemotheraputic agent
what is any drug used to treat any condition of disease?
antimicrobial agent
what is any chemical drug used to treat an infectious disease…
43 terms
microbiology chapter 9 - test 2
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
The DNA of microorganisms is made up o…
Which is incorrect about purines?... onl…
All of the choices are correct
All of the choices are correct.
nucleotides
only found in DNA, not in RNA
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
All of the choices are correct
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
All of the choices are correct.
41 terms
Microbiology Test 2- Chapter 9
Where can we find genetic information…
Where can we find genetic information…
A segment of DNA that codes for a func…
What are the DNA nucleotides composed…
Chromosomes and Plasmids
Chromosomes... Mitochondria... Chloroplasts... Plasmids
Gene
Bases... Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group
Where can we find genetic information…
Chromosomes and Plasmids
Where can we find genetic information…
Chromosomes... Mitochondria... Chloroplasts... Plasmids
9 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Part 2
mode
oral, topical, parental routes
drug
susceptibility of pathogen to drug
Ability of drug to reach site of infection depends in part on…
What are 3 types of mode?
___ can be excluded by blood lots or necrotic tissue.
many agents effective only on actively growing bacteria, micr…
mode
Ability of drug to reach site of infection depends in part on…
oral, topical, parental routes
What are 3 types of mode?
23 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
The 4 actions of antimicrobial agents:
3 selections of microbial control meth…
prions
enveloped viruses
1. cell well... 2. cell membrane... 3. proteins (denature)... 4. nucle…
1. site to be treated... 2. susceptibility of microorganisms... 3.…
-tiny ... -hard to remove... -incineration... -MOST resistant (along w…
-easiest to get rid of... -sterilizing
The 4 actions of antimicrobial agents:
1. cell well... 2. cell membrane... 3. proteins (denature)... 4. nucle…
3 selections of microbial control meth…
1. site to be treated... 2. susceptibility of microorganisms... 3.…
37 terms
Microbiology chapter 9
Genetics
The science of genetics explores
Genome
DNA
The study of heredity
1. Transmission of biological traits from parent to offspring…
Sum total of genetic material of a cell ... (chromosomes+mitocho…
Genome of cells
Genetics
The study of heredity
The science of genetics explores
1. Transmission of biological traits from parent to offspring…
98 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
Genetics
Examples of anabolic process
Organismal genetics
Chromosomal genetics
The study of the inheritance or heredity of living things. Ex…
DNA, RNA and protein production
observes the heredity of the whole organism or cell
examines the characteristics and actions of chromosomes
Genetics
The study of the inheritance or heredity of living things. Ex…
Examples of anabolic process
DNA, RNA and protein production
84 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Part 2.
Gene protein connection
Flow of genetic information
Gene expression
Transcription
DNA is mainly a blueprint that tells the cell which kinds of…
--The information content of DNA is in the form of specific s…
process by which DNA directs protein synthesis in 2 stages: t…
synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA, produces messeng…
Gene protein connection
DNA is mainly a blueprint that tells the cell which kinds of…
Flow of genetic information
--The information content of DNA is in the form of specific s…
36 terms
Microbiology Exam #2 chapter 9
What are transformasomes?
What are competent cells?
What is Transformation?
What type of Bacteria transform DNA us…
They capture extra-cellular DNA and bring it in by degrading…
Competent cells are bacteria which can accept extra chromosom…
It is the process of importing free DNA into bacterial cells.…
-Gram-positive bacteria. Gram negative do not.
What are transformasomes?
They capture extra-cellular DNA and bring it in by degrading…
What are competent cells?
Competent cells are bacteria which can accept extra chromosom…
45 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Quiz (2)
1) The following are steps used to mak…
2) How many pieces will EcoRI produce…
3) In Figure 9.1, after digestion with…
4) In Figure 9.2, the enzyme in step 1…
B
B
D
D
1) The following are steps used to mak…
B
2) How many pieces will EcoRI produce…
B
43 terms
Microbiology chapter 9
Antisepsis
aseptic
cide and cidal
degerming
Reduction in the number of microorganisms and viruses on livi…
Environment or procedure free of pathogenic contaminants ... Ex:…
Suffixes indicating the destruction of a type microbe ... Ex: fu…
Removal of microbes by mechanical means ... Ex: handwashing, alc…
Antisepsis
Reduction in the number of microorganisms and viruses on livi…
aseptic
Environment or procedure free of pathogenic contaminants ... Ex:…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9: Microbial Genetics 2
Replication
Transcription
Translation
Protein-synthesizing machinery
Two strands of DNA in the double helix are replicated to form…
transfer of information in DNA to mRNA... only one strand of DNA…
information in mRNA converted to amino acids in a protein
ribosomes= rRNA and proteins
Replication
Two strands of DNA in the double helix are replicated to form…
Transcription
transfer of information in DNA to mRNA... only one strand of DNA…
85 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
The methods of microbial control used…
Sterilization?
Disinfection?
Decontamination/Sanitization?
Sterilization... Disinfection... Decontamination/sanitization... Antis…
process that destroys ALL viable microbes (including viruses)…
physical process or a chemical agent used to destroy vegetati…
cleansing technique that removes microbes and debris to reduc…
The methods of microbial control used…
Sterilization... Disinfection... Decontamination/sanitization... Antis…
Sterilization?
process that destroys ALL viable microbes (including viruses)…
95 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9: Microbial Genetics
Genetic Code
Wobble Hypothesis
mRNA codons and amino acids
Translation
3 seq nucleotide code for one amino acid ... redundancy of the g…
In many cases, only the first 2 nucleotides are required to e…
read in triplets (codons) ... 4x4x4 = 64 possible ... 61 specify am…
all of the elements needed to synthesize a protein are brough…
Genetic Code
3 seq nucleotide code for one amino acid ... redundancy of the g…
Wobble Hypothesis
In many cases, only the first 2 nucleotides are required to e…
Test 2 Microbiology (Chapter 9)
You have taken E. coli strain A, which…
A bacterial cell has replicated its pl…
A mutation has occurred during DNA rep…
Looking at your results of the Ames te…
the cells of E. coli A were Hfr cells.
false
This is a silent mutation.
the chemical being tested is mutagenic.
You have taken E. coli strain A, which…
the cells of E. coli A were Hfr cells.
A bacterial cell has replicated its pl…
false
181 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Genetics
Genetics defined
Genome defined
All the recipes for everything in the…
Genomics defined
The study of heredity
The sum total of genetic material in an organism...chromosome…
DNA
The study of an organism's entire genome.
Genetics defined
The study of heredity
Genome defined
The sum total of genetic material in an organism...chromosome…
34 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9: Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Recombinate DNA technology
Vector
Clone
the use of organisms, cells, or cell components to make a pro…
the insertion or modification of genes to produce desired pro…
Self replicating DNA used to carry the desired gene into a ne…
A population of cells arising from a single cell; each carrie…
Biotechnology
the use of organisms, cells, or cell components to make a pro…
Recombinate DNA technology
the insertion or modification of genes to produce desired pro…
56 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 (chapter 9)
Genetic research
Mutations
Auxotrophs
Auxotrophs
Bacteria are ideal candidates for __________
One chromosome=easy detection of __________
Nutritional mutants
In early studies __________ were used and allowed study of on…
Genetic research
Bacteria are ideal candidates for __________
Mutations
One chromosome=easy detection of __________
Microbiology Test 2 Chapter 9
Sterilization
Disinfection
Decontamination
antisepsis
Process that destroys or removes all viable microorganisms in…
Physical process or a chemical agent to destroy vegetative pa…
Cleansing technique that mechanically removes microorganisms…
reduces the number of microbes on the human skin. similar to…
Sterilization
Process that destroys or removes all viable microorganisms in…
Disinfection
Physical process or a chemical agent to destroy vegetative pa…
Microbiology Chapter 9
The methods of microbial control used…
Sterilization?
Disinfection?
Decontamination/Sanitization?
Sterilization... Disinfection... Decontamination/sanitization... Antis…
process that destroys ALL viable microbes (including viruses)…
physical process or a chemical agent used to destroy vegetati…
cleansing technique that removes microbes and debris to reduc…
The methods of microbial control used…
Sterilization... Disinfection... Decontamination/sanitization... Antis…
Sterilization?
process that destroys ALL viable microbes (including viruses)…
31 terms
Microbiology - Chapter 9 Wolff
chemotherapy
chemotherapeutic agent
antimicrobial agent
antibiotic
the use of any chemical drug to treat any disease or condition
any drug used to treat any condition or disease
any chemical drug used to treat an infectious disease either…
a substance produced by a microorganism that kills or inhibit…
chemotherapy
the use of any chemical drug to treat any disease or condition
chemotherapeutic agent
any drug used to treat any condition or disease
68 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9: Test 2
What is a chemotherapeutic agent?
Most chemotherapeutic agents are what…
What is an antibiotic?
Who first discovered Pinicillin, and t…
Chemical agent used to treat disease and destroy pathogens or…
Antibiotics
Microbial product or derivative that kills susceptible microb…
Duchesne---- Fleming.
What is a chemotherapeutic agent?
Chemical agent used to treat disease and destroy pathogens or…
Most chemotherapeutic agents are what…
Antibiotics
89 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 Exam 2
What are ideal candidates for genetic…
What is an easy detection for mutations?
In early studies, nutritional mutants,…
Auxotrophs allowed the study of one ge…
bacteria
one chromosome
auxotrophs
nutrient
What are ideal candidates for genetic…
bacteria
What is an easy detection for mutations?
one chromosome
48 terms
MICROBIOLOGY Chapter 9
sterilization
disinfection
antiseptic
disinfectant
the killing of all microorganisms on an object or in material
the reduction of the number of microorganisms to a point wher…
a chemical agent that can safely be used externally on living…
a chemical agent used on inanimate objects to kill or remove…
sterilization
the killing of all microorganisms on an object or in material
disinfection
the reduction of the number of microorganisms to a point wher…
55 terms
Chapter 9 | Microbiology
What is the definition of Genetics?
What are the levels of Genetic Study?
What are Chromosomes?
What do Eukaryotic chromosomes consist…
The study of inheritance and heredity among living organisms.…
Molecular... Chromosome... Organismal... Species & population…
Neatly packaged DNA molecules.
DNA molecules tightly wound around histone proteins.
What is the definition of Genetics?
The study of inheritance and heredity among living organisms.…
What are the levels of Genetic Study?
Molecular... Chromosome... Organismal... Species & population…
58 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9 - Exam 2
High-level germicides
Intermediate-level germicides
Low-level germicides
Thermal death point
kill all pathogens, including endospores.... -used to sterilize…
Kill fungal spores, protozoan cysts, viruses, and pathogenic…
eliminate vegetative bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and some viru…
the lowest temperature that kills all cells in a broth in 10…
High-level germicides
kill all pathogens, including endospores.... -used to sterilize…
Intermediate-level germicides
Kill fungal spores, protozoan cysts, viruses, and pathogenic…
41 terms
Microbiology chapter 9
controlling microorganisms
Microbial control methods
disinfection
sterilization
methods of microbial control used outside of the body are des…
physical... chemical... mechanical
decreases the number of veg. pathogen (not endospores) on ina…
complete removal of all viable microbes (including endospores…
controlling microorganisms
methods of microbial control used outside of the body are des…
Microbial control methods
physical... chemical... mechanical
10 terms
Microbiology chapter 9/10
Antibiosis
Neutralism
Symbiosis
Pseudopodia
relationship between organisms where it is bad for one of the…
relationships between organisms in which neither affects the…
mutually beneficial (positive) relationship between two or mo…
temporary projection of cytoplasm on an ameboid cell that hel…
Antibiosis
relationship between organisms where it is bad for one of the…
Neutralism
relationships between organisms in which neither affects the…
38 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
Antiparallel
Gene: (the most specific definition, a…
Semiconservative
• Describe the structure of the DNA mo…
AKA DNA strands
Segment of DNA that provides information for a certain cell f…
each daughter DNA molecule has one old strand & one new strand
DNA: ATCG ... RNA: AUGC ... Base paring
Antiparallel
AKA DNA strands
Gene: (the most specific definition, a…
Segment of DNA that provides information for a certain cell f…
23 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 (Chapter 9)
Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA Technology
Genetic engineering includes:
Selection
The use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
Insertion or modification of genes to produce desired proteins
- New drug development... - New hormone development... - Gene thera…
Culture a naturally-occurring microbe that produces desired p…
Biotechnology
The use of microorganisms, cells, or cell components to make…
Recombinant DNA Technology
Insertion or modification of genes to produce desired proteins
43 terms
Chapter 9 Microbiology Test 2
Genetics
Genome
Chromosome
Genes
Science of heredity; what genes are, how they carry informati…
Genetic information in a cell; includes chromosomes and plasm…
Structures containing DNA that physically carry hereditary in…
Segments of DNA (or RNA in some viruses) that code for functi…
Genetics
Science of heredity; what genes are, how they carry informati…
Genome
Genetic information in a cell; includes chromosomes and plasm…
9 terms
CSU Microbiology Chapter 9
In vitro and in vivo
Vector
Transgenic
Restriction enzymes
In vitro-lab... In vivo- living organisms
A carrier. Plasmids is the most widely known vector
Plants and animals into which new dna has been introduced by…
Recognize and cut dna between nucleotides at a specific seque…
In vitro and in vivo
In vitro-lab... In vivo- living organisms
Vector
A carrier. Plasmids is the most widely known vector
31 terms
microbiology chapter 9 pt.2
dry heat sterilization kills by
dry heat sterilization examples
dry heat sterilization hot air equival…
dry heat sterilization autoclave equiv…
oxidation
-dry heat... -flaming... -incineration... -hot-air sterilization
170 degree C for 2 hr
121 degree 15 min
dry heat sterilization kills by
oxidation
dry heat sterilization examples
-dry heat... -flaming... -incineration... -hot-air sterilization
43 terms
microbiology chapter 9 - test 2
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
The DNA of microorganisms is made up o…
Which is incorrect about purines?... onl…
All of the choices are correct
All of the choices are correct.
nucleotides
only found in DNA, not in RNA
Among the microorganisms, various ... gen…
All of the choices are correct
Eukaryotic chromosomes differ from ... pr…
All of the choices are correct.
46 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9
Viral replication is
viral replication occurs
viral size is generally measured in
enveloped viral membranes are generall…
independent of the cells chromosome but dependent on the cell…
intracellularly
nanometers
lipid bilayers/ glycoproteins
Viral replication is
independent of the cells chromosome but dependent on the cell…
viral replication occurs
intracellularly
125 terms
microbiology test 2 chapter 9
sterilization
most commonly used method of steriliza…
commercial sterilization
disinfection
killing all forms of microbial life
heating
heat treatment that kills endospores of clostridium botulinum…
reducing the number of pathogenic microorganisms to the point…
sterilization
killing all forms of microbial life
most commonly used method of steriliza…
heating
70 terms
Chapter 9 Voc. for Foundations in Microbiology
Genetics
Heredity
Chromosomes
Genome
The science of heredity.
Genetic inheritance.
The tightly coiled bodies in cells that are the primary sites…
The complete set of chromosomes and genes in an organism.
Genetics
The science of heredity.
Heredity
Genetic inheritance.
39 terms
Microbiology Chapter 9-Test 2
Chemotherapy
Antibiotic
Selective toxicity
Therapeutic dose
chemicals used internally to kill or inhibit microbes
microbial products or their derivatives that kill susceptible…
ability of a drug to kill or inhibit pathogen while damaging…
drug level required for clinical treatment
Chemotherapy
chemicals used internally to kill or inhibit microbes
Antibiotic
microbial products or their derivatives that kill susceptible…
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