Study sets matching "microbiology exam 1 questions"

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Study sets matching "microbiology exam 1 questions"

40 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Questions
Which drawing is streptococci?
When two theories seem to explain obse…
Bacteria reproduce by:
Montezuma's Revenge is caused by
D
Ockham's Razor
Binary Fission only
Protozoan
Which drawing is streptococci?
D
When two theories seem to explain obse…
Ockham's Razor
Microbiology Exam 1
Axopodia
3 types of vacuoles
Selective toxicity
mycoses
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
ability of a drug to kill or inhibit pathogen while damaging…
disease caused by fungi
Axopodia
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
3 types of vacuoles
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
91 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Pathogenic
Virulence
What is virulence factor?
Bioremediation
microbes that cause disease
degree of pathogenicity
any characteristic or structure of the microbe that contribut…
The use of living organisms to detoxify and restore polluted…
Pathogenic
microbes that cause disease
Virulence
degree of pathogenicity
71 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
virus
bacteria
protists
protozoa
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
eukaryotes; include protazoa and algae
"first animal"; very diverse; unicellular; can be very comple…
virus
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
bacteria
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
50 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Questions
1. Microorganisms are best defined as…
2. The minimum defining characteristic…
3. The first prokaryotic cells are tho…
4. All of the following were important…
D. Are too small to be seen with the naked eye
B. A nucleus
C. 3.5
D. Genetic engineering
1. Microorganisms are best defined as…
D. Are too small to be seen with the naked eye
2. The minimum defining characteristic…
B. A nucleus
236 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microorganisms include
The nature of microogranisms
Fundamental characteristics of cells
when did single-celled organisms arise?
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
-cells tend to be spherical, polygonal, cubical, or cylindric…
3.5 billion years ago
Microorganisms include
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
The nature of microogranisms
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
Microbiology- Exam 1
Define eucaryotes
Define procaryotes
Examples of eucaryotes
Examples of procaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
Animals, plants, fungi, and protists; microorganisms include:…
Bacteria and archaea; all are microorganisms
Define eucaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
Define procaryotes
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
60 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
BSC
Colonization
Disinfection
Fomite... Vehicle
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
Process to destroy pathogenic organisms
an inanimate object that may be contaminated with microorgani…
BSC
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
Colonization
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
97 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Genus
Specific epithet
Bacteria
Three domains
The first part of name
Species name
Single-celled (unicellular) organisms. They are called prokar…
By: Carl Woese. 1. Bacteria (cell wall containing peptidoglyc…
Genus
The first part of name
Specific epithet
Species name
20 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Questions
Eukarya, Bacteria
Pseudomurein
Pastuer; Living things come only from…
LOOK UP
1.) The 3 domains are: Archaea, ____________, and ___________…
2.) Bacteria and Archaea differ in that bacteria have peptido…
5.) Explain hypothesis of Biogenesis:
8.) What purpose does oil serve when using the 100X objective?
Eukarya, Bacteria
1.) The 3 domains are: Archaea, ____________, and ___________…
Pseudomurein
2.) Bacteria and Archaea differ in that bacteria have peptido…
Exam 1 Nursing Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Virus
Microbiology
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
-- not living... -- obligate parasites: infects other (appropria…
The study of living things too small to be seen without magni…
Prokaryotes
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
Eukaryotes
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
25 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Questions
Define microbiology and microorganisms…
Describe the cellular make up of micro…
Know major events in the history of mi…
Be able to identify the three Domains…
Microbiology is the study of microbes ... Microbes/Microorganism…
Single cell or cluster of cells; all prokaryotes (including b…
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek- first to observe living microbes... Ed…
Achaea- odd bacteria that live in extreme environments, high…
Define microbiology and microorganisms…
Microbiology is the study of microbes ... Microbes/Microorganism…
Describe the cellular make up of micro…
Single cell or cluster of cells; all prokaryotes (including b…
Microbiology Exam 1
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
What was the importance between the Ro…
What was the importance of Robert Hooke?
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
1673-1723
It was the only scientific publication at the time
First scientist/naturalist to describe cells. He looked at mo…
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
1673-1723
255 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is microbiology?
What are microorganisms?
What are the two themes of microbiology?
What comprises the largest mass of liv…
The study of microorganisms
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
1. Understanding basic life processes: Microbes are excellent…
Microorganisms
What is microbiology?
The study of microorganisms
What are microorganisms?
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
131 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
Redi
Jenner
Nightingale
one of the first to observe microbes
disproved spontaneous generation
developed vaccines working with cow pox
did a lot of work with sanitation
Leeuwenhoek
one of the first to observe microbes
Redi
disproved spontaneous generation
116 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
3 scientist associated with the Theory…
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
"bloodless animals can reproduce not via sexes but can arise…
Francesco Redi, Louis Pasteur, and John Tyndall
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
Robert Hooke
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
Microbiology Exam 1 Review Questions
Germ Theory of Disease
How do you prove the causal relationsh…
What is an obligate intracellular path…
Extreme/Harsh environments likely harb…
"Pasteurization"... Germs in the air that can affect everything…
Koch's Postulates... 1. Microbe in all cases of disease... 2. Disea…
NEEDS A HOST TO SURVIVE ... PATHOGEN THAT NEEDS TO LIVE IN A HO…
Archaea ... Yellowstone Hot Spring
Germ Theory of Disease
"Pasteurization"... Germs in the air that can affect everything…
How do you prove the causal relationsh…
Koch's Postulates... 1. Microbe in all cases of disease... 2. Disea…
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
132 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Robert Hook
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
Louis Pasteur
Robert Koch
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
Disproved spontaneous generation... ○ he sterilized water in a f…
created germ theory &... Koch's postulates
Robert Hook
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
Microbiology Exam 1
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Examples of Prokaryotes
Examples of Eukaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
Bacteria and archaea
Fungi, protists, plants, and animals
Prokaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
Eukaryotes
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
124 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is MRSA? What causes it? (be spec…
Pathogens can be bacterial, fungal, vi…
What causes gonorrhea? (again, be spec…
What pathogen causes genital warts? Wh…
MRSA (Methacilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is a bacter…
Nucleus- Directs cell activity, contains genetic info... Mitocho…
Gonorrhea is a bacterial prokaryotic pathogen caused by sexua…
High risk strains of HPV cause genital warts. Certain strains…
What is MRSA? What causes it? (be spec…
MRSA (Methacilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is a bacter…
Pathogens can be bacterial, fungal, vi…
Nucleus- Directs cell activity, contains genetic info... Mitocho…
517 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Host
Parasite
Symbiote
Pathogen
Organism infect by microorganism parasite
Organism living at the expense of another
Organisms living together for the benefit of both
Organism capable of causing detrimental effects to the host
Host
Organism infect by microorganism parasite
Parasite
Organism living at the expense of another
87 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
cocci (coccus)
diplococci
streptococci
staphylococci
spheres, streptococcus is an example
pairs of spheres
chains of spheres
grape like clusters
cocci (coccus)
spheres, streptococcus is an example
diplococci
pairs of spheres
110 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Koch's Postulates
Microbiome
Spontaneous Generation
The scientific study of microscopic organisms and viruses, an…
1) The same microorganisms are present in every case of the d…
The community of microorganisms in an environment or body loc…
The doctrine that nonliving, decaying matter could spontaneou…
Microbiology
The scientific study of microscopic organisms and viruses, an…
Koch's Postulates
1) The same microorganisms are present in every case of the d…
Microbiology Exam 1: The Beginnings of Microbiology
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
spontaneous generation
asexual reproduction, sexual reproduct…
Redi's Experiments
dutch scientist that began making and using simple microscope…
proposed by Aristotle; living things can arise from nonliving…
early beliefs on where life came from
when decaying meat was kept isolated from flies, maggots neve…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
dutch scientist that began making and using simple microscope…
spontaneous generation
proposed by Aristotle; living things can arise from nonliving…
Microbiology Exam 1-Introduction to Microbiology
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
bacteria
Ferdinand Cohn
a microscopist who illustrated the fruiting structure of mold…
first person to see bacteria (discovered in 1676); constructe…
smallest microbial cells
founded the field of bacteriology, discovered bacterial endos…
Robert Hooke
a microscopist who illustrated the fruiting structure of mold…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
first person to see bacteria (discovered in 1676); constructe…
366 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microorganism
*What is the importance of microorgani…
*What is the most populous group of or…
*What major role do microorganisms pla…
An organism that is too small to be seen clearly with the nak…
• Most populous group of organisms on the planet found everyw…
microorganisms
• Recycle 50% of earth's biological Carbon.... • Recycle 90% f e…
Microorganism
An organism that is too small to be seen clearly with the nak…
*What is the importance of microorgani…
• Most populous group of organisms on the planet found everyw…
147 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is an advantage of a light micros…
What is an advantage of an electron mi…
Why is the drawing of the plasma membr…
What is a microbe?
You can observe living organisms whereas using and electron m…
An electron microscope has a magnification of 1,000,000 times…
The Plasma membrane is made up of two layers of phospholipids…
A living organism that requires a microscope to be seen
What is an advantage of a light micros…
You can observe living organisms whereas using and electron m…
What is an advantage of an electron mi…
An electron microscope has a magnification of 1,000,000 times…
59 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 (Chemistry of Microbiology)
Matter
Atoms
Protons
Neutrons
-Anything that takes up space and has mass
-Smallest chemical units of matter
-Positively Charged... -In nucleus
-No charge... -In nucleus
Matter
-Anything that takes up space and has mass
Atoms
-Smallest chemical units of matter
120 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
What did Leeuwenhoek call the things h…
Microbiology
Microbe
1600s; Dutch; not a scientist; discovered microbiology; made…
Animacules/Beasties
Study of microorganisms
A very small living organism not detectable by the human eye
Leeuwenhoek
1600s; Dutch; not a scientist; discovered microbiology; made…
What did Leeuwenhoek call the things h…
Animacules/Beasties
73 terms
Microbiology EXAM 1
Microbiology
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
The study of small life.
Comes in different shapes.... Examples: Eubacteria, Arachaea (li…
Not really alive because it dose not have cells, they need to…
A complex cell that decomposes to make nutrition.... Examples: y…
Microbiology
The study of small life.
Bacteria
Comes in different shapes.... Examples: Eubacteria, Arachaea (li…
123 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
False
True
False
False
True or False: Theories lead to hypotheses.
True or False: Hypotheses can be followed by further observat…
True or False: Theories always lead to laws.
True or False: A hypothesis is a framework within which obser…
False
True or False: Theories lead to hypotheses.
True
True or False: Hypotheses can be followed by further observat…
Microbiology (EXAM 1)
Medical Microbiology
The development of aseptic technique
Germ theory of disease
How are microorganisms beneficial?
A branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, di…
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister introduced the use of carboli…
States that some diseases are caused by microorganisms. These…
Mixed culture of beneficial microorganisms such as photosynth…
Medical Microbiology
A branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, di…
The development of aseptic technique
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister introduced the use of carboli…
129 terms
Microbiology exam 1
What is microbiology
How are microbes divided?
Reasons why microbes are important
What is a species?
Microbiology is the study of microbes, mostly single celled
Microbes are sub-divided into cellular microorganisms (bacter…
Because microbes benefit society by industrial microbiology m…
For prokaryotes the definition is a strain (colony) which are…
What is microbiology
Microbiology is the study of microbes, mostly single celled
How are microbes divided?
Microbes are sub-divided into cellular microorganisms (bacter…
223 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Microbes
Cyanobacteria
Escherichia coli
Lichen
1. Organisms that require a microscope to see, such as bacter…
Photosynthetic bacteria found in bodies of water.
1. Bacteria found in the colon... 2. If the bacteria is found on…
1. A symbiotic relationship between a fungi and an alga or cy…
Microbes
1. Organisms that require a microscope to see, such as bacter…
Cyanobacteria
Photosynthetic bacteria found in bodies of water.
Microbiology Exam 1
Spontaneous generation
Van Leeuwenhoek
Redi
Pasteur
the idea that living things arose from non-living things... Had…
Used glass to view needle and fabric when sewing... Used the nee…
Denounced Spontaneous Generation... placed rotten meat in jars... t…
Father of Modern Microbiology... authored the "Germ Theory"... Demo…
Spontaneous generation
the idea that living things arose from non-living things... Had…
Van Leeuwenhoek
Used glass to view needle and fabric when sewing... Used the nee…
89 terms
Microbiology Exam 1:
Microbiology:
Names of different types of microorgan…
Properties of Viruses:
Processes that microbes are involved in:
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Bacteria (Ecoli), Archea (extreme conditions), Viruses (Influ…
Acellular, parasitic particles composed of a nucleic acid and…
Decomposing organic waste, performing photosynthesis, provide…
Microbiology:
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Names of different types of microorgan…
Bacteria (Ecoli), Archea (extreme conditions), Viruses (Influ…
61 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Range of Microbial Cells
Device Used to See Microbial Cells
Microscopes Increases Resolution by..
Resolution
A few nanometers to a fraction of a millimeter in size
Microscope
Increasing Magnification
Smallest distance by which two objects can be separated and s…
Range of Microbial Cells
A few nanometers to a fraction of a millimeter in size
Device Used to See Microbial Cells
Microscope
Microbiology Exam 1 Review
Drosophila melanogaster
Bacillus ... Gram positive
nucleic acid
have diverse cell wall components
Which of the following is NOT a microbe?... yeast... protozoa... Dros…
This picture is an example of what shape of bacteria?... ... This…
Which of the following is found in viruses?... nucleic acid... a c…
Archae differ from bacteria in that archae:... lack nuclei... use…
Drosophila melanogaster
Which of the following is NOT a microbe?... yeast... protozoa... Dros…
Bacillus ... Gram positive
This picture is an example of what shape of bacteria?... ... This…
Microbiology Exam 1
Classification of organisms
Phylogenetic trees
Types of microbes
rRNA
Three domain system based on ribosomal RNA: Bacteria, Archaea…
Based on comparisons of small subunit rRNA... Sequences are ali…
Bacteria: usually single-celled, most have peptidoglycan, mos…
The 3 domains of life based on comparisons of small subunit r…
Classification of organisms
Three domain system based on ribosomal RNA: Bacteria, Archaea…
Phylogenetic trees
Based on comparisons of small subunit rRNA... Sequences are ali…
116 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Major groups of microorganisms
Medical microbiology
Public Health & Epidemiology
deals with living things ordinarily too small to be seen with…
bacteria, algae, protozoa, helminthes, fungi
deals with microbes that cause disease in humans and animals
monitors and controls the spread of disease in communities
Microbiology
deals with living things ordinarily too small to be seen with…
Major groups of microorganisms
bacteria, algae, protozoa, helminthes, fungi
87 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
Theory of spontaneous generation
Pasteur
Semmelweis
Invented microscope
The idea that life comes from nonliving matter
Proposed that germs caused infectious disease, ended the spon…
Discovered that mothers were dying of childbed fever in hospi…
Leeuwenhoek
Invented microscope
Theory of spontaneous generation
The idea that life comes from nonliving matter
47 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Procholococcus marinus
Escherichia Coli
Bacillus anthracis
The most beneficial microorganism for fermentation in the mak…
-bacteria... genus of very small marine cyanobacteria with an un…
What facultative gram-negative anaerobic rod is motile, ferme…
What bacterium is characterized by large boxcar-shaped gram-p…
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The most beneficial microorganism for fermentation in the mak…
Procholococcus marinus
-bacteria... genus of very small marine cyanobacteria with an un…
56 terms
Microbiology - Exam 1 review
Fundamentals
Spontaneous Generation
Robert Hooke
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
-majority of microbes are "benign"... -Most are either directly…
-"LIFE AROSE SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NON LIVING MATTER"... -Called "S…
created 1st rudimentary microscope... looked at plants... discovere…
father bacteriology... 1st to describe microorganisms (bacteria)…
Fundamentals
-majority of microbes are "benign"... -Most are either directly…
Spontaneous Generation
-"LIFE AROSE SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NON LIVING MATTER"... -Called "S…
208 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
What carries out life processes indepe…
Viruses (definition)
Basic theme
study of microorganisms
microscopic, single cell, cluster, chains
microscopic, non-cellular (cannot reproduce), RNA or DNA
cellular process
Microbiology
study of microorganisms
What carries out life processes indepe…
microscopic, single cell, cluster, chains
123 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the microbes and what do they…
What are microbes?
Not all microorganisms...
Prokaryotes
Bacteria: germs... Algae: plants... Protozoa: parasites... Helminthes:…
Microscopic organisms
cause disease/illness
No true nucleus, lack organelles
What are the microbes and what do they…
Bacteria: germs... Algae: plants... Protozoa: parasites... Helminthes:…
What are microbes?
Microscopic organisms
51 terms
Microbiology Exam#1
Domains of life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell theory
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukaryota
no nucleus, Bacteria & Archea, simplest cells,
Nucleus & organelles, large/complex
1. Replication... 2. Cell membrane... 3. perform metabolic function…
Domains of life
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukaryota
Prokaryotic Cells
no nucleus, Bacteria & Archea, simplest cells,
Microbiology, Exam 1
microbiology definition
Vital Activities of Microorganisms (8)
Nitrogen Fixation
Fixation definition
"study of small life"... -things too small to be seen by the nak…
1. Nitrogen Fixation... 2. O2 Production... 3. Cellulose Degenerati…
(necessary for protein and nucleic acids)... -most atmospheric g…
turning something un-useful into something useful
microbiology definition
"study of small life"... -things too small to be seen by the nak…
Vital Activities of Microorganisms (8)
1. Nitrogen Fixation... 2. O2 Production... 3. Cellulose Degenerati…
106 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is fermentation
What is spontaneous generation
Aristotle
Francesco Redi
An anaerobic(oxygenless) cellular process in which organic fo…
theory that living things can arise from nonliving matter
Proposed spontaneous generation
Showed maggots on meat came from fly eggs, 1st scientist to e…
What is fermentation
An anaerobic(oxygenless) cellular process in which organic fo…
What is spontaneous generation
theory that living things can arise from nonliving matter
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
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