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Study sets matching "microbiology exam 1"

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Study sets matching "microbiology exam 1"

172 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Axopodia
3 types of vacuoles
Selective toxicity
mycoses
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
ability of a drug to kill or inhibit pathogen while damaging…
disease caused by fungi
Axopodia
thin, needle-like pseudopodium with a central core of microtu…
3 types of vacuoles
1) contractile... 2) secretory... 3) food/phagocytic
71 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
virus
bacteria
protists
protozoa
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
eukaryotes; include protazoa and algae
"first animal"; very diverse; unicellular; can be very comple…
virus
acellular organism; obligate intracellular parasites
bacteria
prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea)
91 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Pathogenic
Virulence
What is virulence factor?
Bioremediation
microbes that cause disease
degree of pathogenicity
any characteristic or structure of the microbe that contribut…
The use of living organisms to detoxify and restore polluted…
Pathogenic
microbes that cause disease
Virulence
degree of pathogenicity
255 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is microbiology?
What are microorganisms?
What are the two themes of microbiology?
What comprises the largest mass of liv…
The study of microorganisms
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
1. Understanding basic life processes: Microbes are excellent…
Microorganisms
What is microbiology?
The study of microorganisms
What are microorganisms?
Includes different microscopic microorganisms that exist as s…
47 terms
Microbiology- Exam 1
Define eucaryotes
Define procaryotes
Examples of eucaryotes
Examples of procaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
Animals, plants, fungi, and protists; microorganisms include:…
Bacteria and archaea; all are microorganisms
Define eucaryotes
- larger, more complex cells that contain a nucleus and membr…
Define procaryotes
- small, relatively simple, non-nucleated cells, lacks membra…
236 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microorganisms include
The nature of microogranisms
Fundamental characteristics of cells
when did single-celled organisms arise?
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
-cells tend to be spherical, polygonal, cubical, or cylindric…
3.5 billion years ago
Microorganisms include
-bacteria... -algae... -protozoa... -helminths... -viruses... -fungi
The nature of microogranisms
-reproduce rapidly... -can be quickly grown in large populations…
60 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
BSC
Colonization
Disinfection
Fomite... Vehicle
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
Process to destroy pathogenic organisms
an inanimate object that may be contaminated with microorgani…
BSC
Enclosure where one can work with relatively dangerous organi…
Colonization
the process in which a microorganism is able to survive and t…
100 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
What was the importance between the Ro…
What was the importance of Robert Hooke?
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
1673-1723
It was the only scientific publication at the time
First scientist/naturalist to describe cells. He looked at mo…
What was the importance of Zacharias J…
Created "first" microscope in the late 1500's
What years were Leeuwenhoek "active"?
1673-1723
97 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Genus
Specific epithet
Bacteria
Three domains
The first part of name
Species name
Single-celled (unicellular) organisms. They are called prokar…
By: Carl Woese. 1. Bacteria (cell wall containing peptidoglyc…
Genus
The first part of name
Specific epithet
Species name
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
63 terms
Exam 1 Nursing Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Virus
Microbiology
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
-- not living... -- obligate parasites: infects other (appropria…
The study of living things too small to be seen without magni…
Prokaryotes
-- bacteria... -- no nucleus and generally no other organelles... -…
Eukaryotes
-- animals, plants, fungi, and protozoa... -- contain organelles…
75 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Examples of Prokaryotes
Examples of Eukaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
Bacteria and archaea
Fungi, protists, plants, and animals
Prokaryotes
1. Circular DNA... 2. No Nucleus... 3. No Organelles... 4. Fission
Eukaryotes
1. Linear DNA... 2. Nucleus... 3. Membrane-bound organelles... 4. Mito…
124 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is MRSA? What causes it? (be spec…
Pathogens can be bacterial, fungal, vi…
What causes gonorrhea? (again, be spec…
What pathogen causes genital warts? Wh…
MRSA (Methacilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is a bacter…
Nucleus- Directs cell activity, contains genetic info... Mitocho…
Gonorrhea is a bacterial prokaryotic pathogen caused by sexua…
High risk strains of HPV cause genital warts. Certain strains…
What is MRSA? What causes it? (be spec…
MRSA (Methacilin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is a bacter…
Pathogens can be bacterial, fungal, vi…
Nucleus- Directs cell activity, contains genetic info... Mitocho…
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Genus Species
characteristics of bacteria
morphology
study of microbes
Streptococcus pneumoniae
size: 5 to 10 m... 1 m = 0.001mm ... 1 nm = 0.000001 mm
shape
Microbiology
study of microbes
Genus Species
Streptococcus pneumoniae
131 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
Redi
Jenner
Nightingale
one of the first to observe microbes
disproved spontaneous generation
developed vaccines working with cow pox
did a lot of work with sanitation
Leeuwenhoek
one of the first to observe microbes
Redi
disproved spontaneous generation
110 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Koch's Postulates
Microbiome
Spontaneous Generation
The scientific study of microscopic organisms and viruses, an…
1) The same microorganisms are present in every case of the d…
The community of microorganisms in an environment or body loc…
The doctrine that nonliving, decaying matter could spontaneou…
Microbiology
The scientific study of microscopic organisms and viruses, an…
Koch's Postulates
1) The same microorganisms are present in every case of the d…
116 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Theory of Spontaneous Generation
3 scientist associated with the Theory…
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
"bloodless animals can reproduce not via sexes but can arise…
Francesco Redi, Louis Pasteur, and John Tyndall
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Dutch drapery merchant that took his fabric very seriously, a…
Robert Hooke
created the compound microscope, but lenses weren't as qualit…
132 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Robert Hook
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
Louis Pasteur
Robert Koch
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
Disproved spontaneous generation... ○ he sterilized water in a f…
created germ theory &... Koch's postulates
Robert Hook
-built a compound microscope and used it to observe thin slic…
A.V. Leeuwenhoek
-made and used lenses to observe living microorganisms... -Obser…
73 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Spontaneous generation
Van Leeuwenhoek
Redi
Pasteur
the idea that living things arose from non-living things... Had…
Used glass to view needle and fabric when sewing... Used the nee…
Denounced Spontaneous Generation... placed rotten meat in jars... t…
Father of Modern Microbiology... authored the "Germ Theory"... Demo…
Spontaneous generation
the idea that living things arose from non-living things... Had…
Van Leeuwenhoek
Used glass to view needle and fabric when sewing... Used the nee…
87 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
cocci (coccus)
diplococci
streptococci
staphylococci
spheres, streptococcus is an example
pairs of spheres
chains of spheres
grape like clusters
cocci (coccus)
spheres, streptococcus is an example
diplococci
pairs of spheres
56 terms
Microbiology - Exam 1 review
Fundamentals
Spontaneous Generation
Robert Hooke
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
-majority of microbes are "benign"... -Most are either directly…
-"LIFE AROSE SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NON LIVING MATTER"... -Called "S…
created 1st rudimentary microscope... looked at plants... discovere…
father bacteriology... 1st to describe microorganisms (bacteria)…
Fundamentals
-majority of microbes are "benign"... -Most are either directly…
Spontaneous Generation
-"LIFE AROSE SPONTANEOUSLY FROM NON LIVING MATTER"... -Called "S…
147 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is an advantage of a light micros…
What is an advantage of an electron mi…
Why is the drawing of the plasma membr…
What is a microbe?
You can observe living organisms whereas using and electron m…
An electron microscope has a magnification of 1,000,000 times…
The Plasma membrane is made up of two layers of phospholipids…
A living organism that requires a microscope to be seen
What is an advantage of a light micros…
You can observe living organisms whereas using and electron m…
What is an advantage of an electron mi…
An electron microscope has a magnification of 1,000,000 times…
129 terms
Microbiology exam 1
What is microbiology
How are microbes divided?
Reasons why microbes are important
What is a species?
Microbiology is the study of microbes, mostly single celled
Microbes are sub-divided into cellular microorganisms (bacter…
Because microbes benefit society by industrial microbiology m…
For prokaryotes the definition is a strain (colony) which are…
What is microbiology
Microbiology is the study of microbes, mostly single celled
How are microbes divided?
Microbes are sub-divided into cellular microorganisms (bacter…
366 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microorganism
*What is the importance of microorgani…
*What is the most populous group of or…
*What major role do microorganisms pla…
An organism that is too small to be seen clearly with the nak…
• Most populous group of organisms on the planet found everyw…
microorganisms
• Recycle 50% of earth's biological Carbon.... • Recycle 90% f e…
Microorganism
An organism that is too small to be seen clearly with the nak…
*What is the importance of microorgani…
• Most populous group of organisms on the planet found everyw…
73 terms
Microbiology EXAM 1
Microbiology
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
The study of small life.
Comes in different shapes.... Examples: Eubacteria, Arachaea (li…
Not really alive because it dose not have cells, they need to…
A complex cell that decomposes to make nutrition.... Examples: y…
Microbiology
The study of small life.
Bacteria
Comes in different shapes.... Examples: Eubacteria, Arachaea (li…
185 terms
Microbiology Lecture Exam 1
Who developed a system of taxonomy to…
What are all organisms to small to see…
Who was the 1st person to ever see liv…
What did Antoni Van Leewenhoek call mi…
Linnaeus
Microbes
Antoni Van Leewenhoek
Animacules and beasties
Who developed a system of taxonomy to…
Linnaeus
What are all organisms to small to see…
Microbes
Microbiology (EXAM 1)
Medical Microbiology
The development of aseptic technique
Germ theory of disease
How are microorganisms beneficial?
A branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, di…
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister introduced the use of carboli…
States that some diseases are caused by microorganisms. These…
Mixed culture of beneficial microorganisms such as photosynth…
Medical Microbiology
A branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, di…
The development of aseptic technique
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister introduced the use of carboli…
123 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the microbes and what do they…
What are microbes?
Not all microorganisms...
Prokaryotes
Bacteria: germs... Algae: plants... Protozoa: parasites... Helminthes:…
Microscopic organisms
cause disease/illness
No true nucleus, lack organelles
What are the microbes and what do they…
Bacteria: germs... Algae: plants... Protozoa: parasites... Helminthes:…
What are microbes?
Microscopic organisms
61 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Range of Microbial Cells
Device Used to See Microbial Cells
Microscopes Increases Resolution by..
Resolution
A few nanometers to a fraction of a millimeter in size
Microscope
Increasing Magnification
Smallest distance by which two objects can be separated and s…
Range of Microbial Cells
A few nanometers to a fraction of a millimeter in size
Device Used to See Microbial Cells
Microscope
217 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Microbes
Cyanobacteria
Escherichia coli
Lichen
1. Organisms that require a microscope to see, such as bacter…
Photosynthetic bacteria found in bodies of water.
1. Bacteria found in the colon... 2. If the bacteria is found on…
1. A symbiotic relationship between a fungi and an alga or cy…
Microbes
1. Organisms that require a microscope to see, such as bacter…
Cyanobacteria
Photosynthetic bacteria found in bodies of water.
120 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
What did Leeuwenhoek call the things h…
Microbiology
Microbe
1600s; Dutch; not a scientist; discovered microbiology; made…
Animacules/Beasties
Study of microorganisms
A very small living organism not detectable by the human eye
Leeuwenhoek
1600s; Dutch; not a scientist; discovered microbiology; made…
What did Leeuwenhoek call the things h…
Animacules/Beasties
29 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 Review
Drosophila melanogaster
Bacillus ... Gram positive
nucleic acid
have diverse cell wall components
Which of the following is NOT a microbe?... yeast... protozoa... Dros…
This picture is an example of what shape of bacteria?... ... This…
Which of the following is found in viruses?... nucleic acid... a c…
Archae differ from bacteria in that archae:... lack nuclei... use…
Drosophila melanogaster
Which of the following is NOT a microbe?... yeast... protozoa... Dros…
Bacillus ... Gram positive
This picture is an example of what shape of bacteria?... ... This…
116 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
Major groups of microorganisms
Medical microbiology
Public Health & Epidemiology
deals with living things ordinarily too small to be seen with…
bacteria, algae, protozoa, helminthes, fungi
deals with microbes that cause disease in humans and animals
monitors and controls the spread of disease in communities
Microbiology
deals with living things ordinarily too small to be seen with…
Major groups of microorganisms
bacteria, algae, protozoa, helminthes, fungi
77 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Classification of organisms
Phylogenetic trees
Types of microbes
rRNA
Three domain system based on ribosomal RNA: Bacteria, Archaea…
Based on comparisons of small subunit rRNA... Sequences are ali…
Bacteria: usually single-celled, most have peptidoglycan, mos…
The 3 domains of life based on comparisons of small subunit r…
Classification of organisms
Three domain system based on ribosomal RNA: Bacteria, Archaea…
Phylogenetic trees
Based on comparisons of small subunit rRNA... Sequences are ali…
47 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Procholococcus marinus
Escherichia Coli
Bacillus anthracis
The most beneficial microorganism for fermentation in the mak…
-bacteria... genus of very small marine cyanobacteria with an un…
What facultative gram-negative anaerobic rod is motile, ferme…
What bacterium is characterized by large boxcar-shaped gram-p…
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
The most beneficial microorganism for fermentation in the mak…
Procholococcus marinus
-bacteria... genus of very small marine cyanobacteria with an un…
89 terms
Microbiology Exam 1:
Microbiology:
Names of different types of microorgan…
Properties of Viruses:
Processes that microbes are involved in:
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Bacteria (Ecoli), Archea (extreme conditions), Viruses (Influ…
Acellular, parasitic particles composed of a nucleic acid and…
Decomposing organic waste, performing photosynthesis, provide…
Microbiology:
The study of organisms too small to be seen without magnifica…
Names of different types of microorgan…
Bacteria (Ecoli), Archea (extreme conditions), Viruses (Influ…
87 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Leeuwenhoek
Theory of spontaneous generation
Pasteur
Semmelweis
Invented microscope
The idea that life comes from nonliving matter
Proposed that germs caused infectious disease, ended the spon…
Discovered that mothers were dying of childbed fever in hospi…
Leeuwenhoek
Invented microscope
Theory of spontaneous generation
The idea that life comes from nonliving matter
51 terms
Microbiology Exam#1
Domains of life
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Cell theory
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukaryota
no nucleus, Bacteria & Archea, simplest cells,
Nucleus & organelles, large/complex
1. Replication... 2. Cell membrane... 3. perform metabolic function…
Domains of life
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukaryota
Prokaryotic Cells
no nucleus, Bacteria & Archea, simplest cells,
135 terms
lab exam 1 vocab microbiology
axenic
universal precautions
microbiota
normal flora
free of microorganisms
actions taken to prevent the spread of disease by treating al…
the group of microbes that normally inhabit the surfaces of t…
refers to microbes that live in and on certain areas of the h…
axenic
free of microorganisms
universal precautions
actions taken to prevent the spread of disease by treating al…
208 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Microbiology
What carries out life processes indepe…
Viruses (definition)
Basic theme
study of microorganisms
microscopic, single cell, cluster, chains
microscopic, non-cellular (cannot reproduce), RNA or DNA
cellular process
Microbiology
study of microorganisms
What carries out life processes indepe…
microscopic, single cell, cluster, chains
118 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
The Scientific method requires experim…
Disproof of Spontaneous generation?
Properties of endospores?
"diffusion limited" property of prokar…
reproducible and predictive
By Pasteur, took nonsterile liquid in goose-neck flask, steri…
Protect against heat; 3 parts: coat (dense material made of p…
limited by how fast large molecules can diffuse within cells…
The Scientific method requires experim…
reproducible and predictive
Disproof of Spontaneous generation?
By Pasteur, took nonsterile liquid in goose-neck flask, steri…
29 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is science?
Scientific Method
Theory
Ockham's Razor
Study of the natural world
1.) Observe some aspect of the natural world... 2.) Create a hyp…
A framework within which observations are explained and predi…
(William of Ockham--14th Century)... The simplest theory is prob…
What is science?
Study of the natural world
Scientific Method
1.) Observe some aspect of the natural world... 2.) Create a hyp…
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
106 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What is fermentation
What is spontaneous generation
Aristotle
Francesco Redi
An anaerobic(oxygenless) cellular process in which organic fo…
theory that living things can arise from nonliving matter
Proposed spontaneous generation
Showed maggots on meat came from fly eggs, 1st scientist to e…
What is fermentation
An anaerobic(oxygenless) cellular process in which organic fo…
What is spontaneous generation
theory that living things can arise from nonliving matter
150 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
List the types of microbes.
How do microbes impact Earth?
How do microbes impact us?
How do we use microbes for our benefit?
-bacteria,... -algae (photosynthetic),... -protozoa ('animal like')…
-Created atmosphere when they became photosynthetic. ... -decomp…
-hurt (infectious ones).... -help (normal flora, agriculture, bi…
-normal flora (GI bacteria, 'good').... -*food and beverage in…
List the types of microbes.
-bacteria,... -algae (photosynthetic),... -protozoa ('animal like')…
How do microbes impact Earth?
-Created atmosphere when they became photosynthetic. ... -decomp…
102 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Definition of Microbiology
Name 6 Microbial Groups
Describe Bacteria
Describe Viruses
Study of Small Living Things
Bacteria... Viruses... Fungi... Protozoa... Algae... Archaea
Simple, single-cell organisms... Have different shapes... Encased i…
Very Small... Nucleic Acids... Enclosed by protein coat
Definition of Microbiology
Study of Small Living Things
Name 6 Microbial Groups
Bacteria... Viruses... Fungi... Protozoa... Algae... Archaea
79 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the six main characters of ce…
Robert Hooke
Antoni Von Leeuwenhoek
Ferdinand Cohn
Metabolism, reproduction (growth), differentiation, communica…
1665. First to describe microorganisms (mold). Coined the ter…
1684. First to describe bacterial cells
Established the first scholarly journal for bacteriology.
What are the six main characters of ce…
Metabolism, reproduction (growth), differentiation, communica…
Robert Hooke
1665. First to describe microorganisms (mold). Coined the ter…
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
29 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
Which of the following microbes is a p…
Which structure is not found in prokar…
A mutant bacteria cannot produce pili.…
Techoic acid is found in the:
Bacterium
Golgi Apparatus
Inability of the bacteria to transfer its penicilin resistanc…
Bacterial cell WALL
Which of the following microbes is a p…
Bacterium
Which structure is not found in prokar…
Golgi Apparatus
127 terms
Microbiology exam 1
Agriculture
Biotechnology
Food, dairy and aquatic
Genetic engineering and recombinant DN…
Relationship between microbes and crops, emphasis on improvin…
Process in which humans use the metabolism of living things t…
Ecological and practical roles of microbes in food and water
Alter the genetic make up of organisms to mass produce human…
Agriculture
Relationship between microbes and crops, emphasis on improvin…
Biotechnology
Process in which humans use the metabolism of living things t…
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