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Study sets matching "microbiology exam 2 bacteria"

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Study sets matching "microbiology exam 2 bacteria"

21 terms
Microbiology--Exam 2--Bacteria
Barrelia burgdorferi
Treponema palladium
Leptospire
Spirochaetes
causes Lyme disease; 7-11 periplasmic flagella; diderm--not g…
causes syphilis; highly invasive; transplacental spread; a sp…
multiple species; pathogenic; on dead matter; outer membrane…
gram negative, diderms; use axial filaments for movement (in…
Barrelia burgdorferi
causes Lyme disease; 7-11 periplasmic flagella; diderm--not g…
Treponema palladium
causes syphilis; highly invasive; transplacental spread; a sp…
167 terms
Microbiology Exam 2-Bacteria
How long can a bacteria be?... How wide c…
What shapes can a bacteria be?
spherical-
bacillus
2-8 micrometers ... 0.2-2 micrometers in width
coccus... bacillus... spiral... vibrio
coccus
rod
How long can a bacteria be?... How wide c…
2-8 micrometers ... 0.2-2 micrometers in width
What shapes can a bacteria be?
coccus... bacillus... spiral... vibrio
61 terms
Microbiology Exam 2: Bacteria
Which E. coli make the A/E lesions and…
EHEC: STX toxin mechanism of action?
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) ... How d…
• 4. How STX kills endothelial cells/c…
EPEC and EHEC
STX toxin=shiga-like toxins: (STX-1 & STX-2)... 1. Decrease prot…
1. Systemic spread of STX 1 & 2... 2. Kidney involvement... 3. Incr…
o Flow chart at the bottom of one of the slides with this... o E…
Which E. coli make the A/E lesions and…
EPEC and EHEC
EHEC: STX toxin mechanism of action?
STX toxin=shiga-like toxins: (STX-1 & STX-2)... 1. Decrease prot…
34 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 - Bacteria
Staph. aureus
Staph. epidermidis
Staph. saprophyticus
Strep. pyogenes
The Golden Staff of Moses... - Gram Positive Cocci (graph clust…
Beauty and the Plumber... - Gram Positive Cocci... - Catalase Posi…
Beauty and the Plumber... - Gram Positive Cocci... - Catalase Posi…
The Pie Genies' Bakery... - Gram Positive Cocci (chains or pair…
Staph. aureus
The Golden Staff of Moses... - Gram Positive Cocci (graph clust…
Staph. epidermidis
Beauty and the Plumber... - Gram Positive Cocci... - Catalase Posi…
20 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 Bacteria
Triponema Pallidum
Borrelia burgdorferi
Camphylobacter jejuni
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Syphyllis...oldest disease mankind...Spirochete
Lymes...Ticks carry...not cause...Spirochete
Foodborne/raw chicken...leading bacterial diarrhea......... Micr…
Septicemia...no specific disease...nursing homes...antibiotic…
Triponema Pallidum
Syphyllis...oldest disease mankind...Spirochete
Borrelia burgdorferi
Lymes...Ticks carry...not cause...Spirochete
81 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 Bacteria
Gram positive cocci
staphylococcus
S. aureus
levels of hemolysis
staphylococcus, micrococcus, peptococcus, peptostreptococcus,…
gram +... cocci... grapelike clusters... facultative aerobe... catalase +…
staphylococcus... gram + cocci... yellow pigment... B hemolysis (compl…
alpha- partial (greening)... beta- complete clearing... gamma - no…
Gram positive cocci
staphylococcus, micrococcus, peptococcus, peptostreptococcus,…
staphylococcus
gram +... cocci... grapelike clusters... facultative aerobe... catalase +…
31 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 Bacteria
Spirochetes
Chlamydias
Bacillales
Staphylococcus
Tightly coiled cells with flagella that doubles back. Aerobic…
Lacks cell wall. Complex life cycle. Obligate intracellular p…
Firmicutes Gram-positive. Endospore-producing rods. Common in…
Firmicutes > Bacillales. Gram-positive. Facultative anaerobe.…
Spirochetes
Tightly coiled cells with flagella that doubles back. Aerobic…
Chlamydias
Lacks cell wall. Complex life cycle. Obligate intracellular p…
48 terms
Microbiology exam 2 bacteria
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
tubercle
caseation necrosis
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
the causative agent of tuberculosis , rod-shaped non-sporefor…
lesion primarily associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis o…
various blood and tissue components oftentimes coalesce formi…
esponsible for causing diphtheriaram positive, non-motile, st…
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
the causative agent of tuberculosis , rod-shaped non-sporefor…
tubercle
lesion primarily associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis o…
35 terms
Microbiology Exam 2: Bacteria
Clostridium
Mycoplasma
Bacillus
Listeria
Low G+C content... Gram positive... Produce endospores... Diseases: te…
Low G+C content... Gram positive, but no cell wall ... Cell membran…
Low G+C content... Gram positive... Endospore forming ... Disease: ant…
Low G+C content... Gram positive ... Can reproduce in refrigeration…
Clostridium
Low G+C content... Gram positive... Produce endospores... Diseases: te…
Mycoplasma
Low G+C content... Gram positive, but no cell wall ... Cell membran…
48 terms
microbiology exam 2 bacteria list
Bordetella pertussis
Francisella tularensis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Legionella pneumophila
gram negative coccobacillus. causes pertussis or whooping cough
gram negative. causes tularemia (lung infection, leads to sep…
disease in animals & humans... not associated with healthy peopl…
non-spore forming, gram negative... *causes Legionnaire's Diseas…
Bordetella pertussis
gram negative coccobacillus. causes pertussis or whooping cough
Francisella tularensis
gram negative. causes tularemia (lung infection, leads to sep…
11 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 Bacteria Treatment
campylobacter jejuni
helicobacter pylori
vibrio cholerae
vibrio parahaemolyticus
prevention: properly prepared poultry, pasteurized milk... trea…
treatment: proton pump inhibitor + one or more antibiotics +…
prevention: sewage treatment, clean water, well cooked food,…
treatment: self limiting, replace fluids and electrolytes; an…
campylobacter jejuni
prevention: properly prepared poultry, pasteurized milk... trea…
helicobacter pylori
treatment: proton pump inhibitor + one or more antibiotics +…
35 terms
Bacteria Bhave Exam 2 Microbiology
When does normal bacterial flora becom…
What 3 things can occur after an indiv…
What are the bacteria that are part of…
What are the bacteria that are part of…
By being inoculated into the human body from the enviornement…
Transient colonization... Permanent colonization... Initiate an inf…
Streptococci spp... Hemophilius spp... Neisseria spp
Peptostreptococci... Veillonella... Actinomyces... Fusobacteria
When does normal bacterial flora becom…
By being inoculated into the human body from the enviornement…
What 3 things can occur after an indiv…
Transient colonization... Permanent colonization... Initiate an inf…
25 terms
Bacteria Part 2: Microbiology Final
Spirilla
Bacilli
Cocci
Binary Fission
Spiral shaped bacterial cells
Rod shaped bacterial cells
Sphere shaped bacterial cells
Method by which bacteria reproduce.
Spirilla
Spiral shaped bacterial cells
Bacilli
Rod shaped bacterial cells
Microbiology Exam 2- Gram Negative Bacteria
Neisseria
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Neisseria meningitidis
Pseudomonas
- Gram-neg cocci occurring as diplococci... - Aerobic... - Oxidase…
- Martin Lewis Agar used for isolation... - Capnophilic... - Pili i…
- Vaccine available ... - Nasopharyngeal carriage... - High contrac…
- Gram-neg rod... - Aerobic... - Widely distributed in nature; soil…
Neisseria
- Gram-neg cocci occurring as diplococci... - Aerobic... - Oxidase…
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
- Martin Lewis Agar used for isolation... - Capnophilic... - Pili i…
12 terms
MICROBIOLOGY_EXAM 2_RICKETTSIA & ZOONOTIC BACTERIA
What is a zoonotic disease?
What are the two most common zoonotic…
What are the general characteristics o…
What is the causitive agent, mode of t…
Diseases caused by organisms that are transmitted from animal…
Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Short rods... Struturally similar to gram neg (hard to stain)... Ob…
Causative agent: Rickettsia rickettsii... Transmission: Arthropo…
What is a zoonotic disease?
Diseases caused by organisms that are transmitted from animal…
What are the two most common zoonotic…
Lyme disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
22 terms
Microbiology Exam 2- bacteria and clinical manifestations
Salmonella species (-)
Salmonella typhi (-)
Shigella dysenteriae (-)
Klebsiella pneumoniae (-)
paratyphoid fever, gastroenteritis, sepsis, osteromyelitis
typhoid fever (fever, abdominal pain, hepatosplenomegaly, ros…
SHIGA TOXIN: inactivates the 60S ribosome, inhibiting protein…
pneumonia (lung necrosis and bloody sputum, commonly in alcoh…
Salmonella species (-)
paratyphoid fever, gastroenteritis, sepsis, osteromyelitis
Salmonella typhi (-)
typhoid fever (fever, abdominal pain, hepatosplenomegaly, ros…
29 terms
Microbiology Ch. 2 Bacteria
Spherical... Rod-shaped... Comma-shaped... Spir…
Hyphae... Mycelia... Trichomes
smaller... eukaryal
700... 200-700 X 80... Mycoplasma
Bacteria can take many different shapes (or morphologies).... -_…
Bacteria can also assume multicellular organizations.... -______…
Size of bacteria can vary greatly... -Usually _______ than _____…
There are exceptions to the general size of bacterial cells.…
Spherical... Rod-shaped... Comma-shaped... Spir…
Bacteria can take many different shapes (or morphologies).... -_…
Hyphae... Mycelia... Trichomes
Bacteria can also assume multicellular organizations.... -______…
30 terms
Microbiology CH 2 Bacteria
Spherical bacteria
Rod shaped bacteria
Curved rod shaped bacteria
Spiral shaped bacteria
Coccus
Bacillus
Vibrio
Spirillum
Spherical bacteria
Coccus
Rod shaped bacteria
Bacillus
28 terms
Microbiology Exam 2 Bacteria Classification
campylobacter
helicobacter
vibrio
staphylococcus
gram negative, spiral shaped, microaerophilic
gram negative, spiral shaped, microaerophilic
gram negative, curved rod, facultative anaerobe
gram positive, cocci, facultative anaerobe
campylobacter
gram negative, spiral shaped, microaerophilic
helicobacter
gram negative, spiral shaped, microaerophilic
257 terms
Microbiology Bacteria Test 2
Staphylococcus aureus... Type?... What four…
Bacteria?... What is acute bacterial endo…
Staphylococcus aureus... What are the fiv…
Staphylococcus aureus... Where does this…
Gram-positive... 1. five types of skin infections... 2. Acute bacte…
Staphylococcus aureus... - inflammation of the heart
1. Folliculitis... 2. Sty... 3. Furnacle (boil)... 4. Carbuncle... 5. Imp…
Normal microbiota resides in nasal passage... - produces damagin…
Staphylococcus aureus... Type?... What four…
Gram-positive... 1. five types of skin infections... 2. Acute bacte…
Bacteria?... What is acute bacterial endo…
Staphylococcus aureus... - inflammation of the heart
51 terms
microbiology quiz 2 bacteria
operon
S Layer
proteobacteria
gram positive
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
a part of the cell envelope commonly found in archaea, as wel…
phyla of bacteria with the greatest amount of strains and bes…
A bacteria that has a large amount of peptidoglycan in its ce…
operon
A unit of genetic function common in bacteria and phages, con…
S Layer
a part of the cell envelope commonly found in archaea, as wel…
53 terms
Microbiology Exam 2: Lecture 2 Genetics of Bacteria
Mutation
Mutant
Wild-type strain
Selectable mutations
Heritable change in DNA sequence that can lead to a change in…
A strain of any cell or virus differing from parental strain…
Typically refers to strain isolated from nature
Those that give the mutant a growth advantage under certain c…
Mutation
Heritable change in DNA sequence that can lead to a change in…
Mutant
A strain of any cell or virus differing from parental strain…
85 terms
Microbiology Test 2: Bacteria
Enteric Gram Negative Mnemonic
Enteric
Rod
Gram Negative Mneumonic (non-eteric)
PESKY SES (Pesky Stupid Enteric Stuff)... Proteus... Enterobacter... S…
Gram negative bacteria that can live in intestines
Shape of all enterics
AA BB CCC, Fat Hilton Head Lovers Leave Naked Notes Posted Ri…
Enteric Gram Negative Mnemonic
PESKY SES (Pesky Stupid Enteric Stuff)... Proteus... Enterobacter... S…
Enteric
Gram negative bacteria that can live in intestines
27 terms
Microbiology- Lecture 2 - Bacteria
1) Cell wall... 2) Cytoplams ... 3) Riboso…
- Consist of 90% water ... - Has no cytos…
Protein synthesis
Nutrient reserves
List the general structures of a prokaryotic cell.
What are the characteristics of the Cytoplasm in a prokaryoti…
what function do Ribosomes play in prokaryotes?
what function do Nucliodes play in prokaryotes?
1) Cell wall... 2) Cytoplams ... 3) Riboso…
List the general structures of a prokaryotic cell.
- Consist of 90% water ... - Has no cytos…
What are the characteristics of the Cytoplasm in a prokaryoti…
38 terms
Microbiology Ch. 2 Bacteria
coccus
bacillus
vibrio
spirillum
spherical shape
rod shaped
curved or comma shaped
spherical shaped
coccus
spherical shape
bacillus
rod shaped
47 terms
Microbiology Bacteria #2
Saccharomyces boulardii
Clostridium penfringens
Streptococcus pyogenes
Hyaluronidase
Probiotic, competes with candida, allows good yeast to grow,…
Gas Gangreene, secretes hyaluronidase
Secretes Hyaluronidase, different strains release different a…
Enzyme secreted by bacteria that dissolves junctions between…
Saccharomyces boulardii
Probiotic, competes with candida, allows good yeast to grow,…
Clostridium penfringens
Gas Gangreene, secretes hyaluronidase
27 terms
Microbiology Unit 2 Bacteria
List the distinguishing characteristic…
Cell Wall
Fimbriae
Flagella
-single celled... -very small... -need a microscope to see... -can be…
keeps cell from bursting, gives cell shape and structure
hair-like structures that are shorter, starighter, and thinne…
hair-like structures that allow locomotion and movement
List the distinguishing characteristic…
-single celled... -very small... -need a microscope to see... -can be…
Cell Wall
keeps cell from bursting, gives cell shape and structure
12 terms
Microbiology Bacteria set 2
1) Mycobacteria... 2) Nocardia
Fomites
bacterial capsule
Apositive moves toward a stimulus... nega…
2 main genus that known to give a positive test for mycolic a…
objects or materials that are likely to carry infection such…
attaches bacteria, such as fomites, to the host cell & tissue…
what is the difference between "+" vs "-" taxis (movement of…
1) Mycobacteria... 2) Nocardia
2 main genus that known to give a positive test for mycolic a…
Fomites
objects or materials that are likely to carry infection such…
80 terms
Ch 2 microbiology bacteria
Bacillus
Coccus
Vibrio
Spirillium
Rod shaped
Spherical
Curved rods
Spiral
Bacillus
Rod shaped
Coccus
Spherical
Bacteria Microbiology Part 2
Vibrionales
Vibrio cholerae
V. parahaemolyticus
V. vulnificus
mostly aquatic gram negative curved or bent rods -- many harm…
causes cholera water born disease -- profuse watery diarrhea…
causes a mild bloody diarrhea (food poisoning) from generally…
again from raw or improperly cooked, contaminated shellfish.…
Vibrionales
mostly aquatic gram negative curved or bent rods -- many harm…
Vibrio cholerae
causes cholera water born disease -- profuse watery diarrhea…
34 terms
Microbiology/Immunology: Bacteria (2)
Actinomyces
Clostridium
Mycobacterium
Corynebacterium
Gram positive branching rods.
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
Gram positive acid fast rods - Tuberculosis
Gram positive pleomorphic rods - Diphtheria
Actinomyces
Gram positive branching rods.
Clostridium
Gram positive spores (rods) - Botulism
63 terms
Microbiology: Bacteria - Test 2
Anoxygenic
Oxygenic
Archaea mRNA
polycistronic
Bacteria that uses H2S, S, H2, or organic compounds serve as…
H2O serves as an electron source, ex. cyanobacteria
similar to bacteria, polycistronic, no splicing, have similar…
codes for more than 1 gene
Anoxygenic
Bacteria that uses H2S, S, H2, or organic compounds serve as…
Oxygenic
H2O serves as an electron source, ex. cyanobacteria
11 terms
2.1 Microbiology and bacteria
microbiology
bacteria
nonpathogenic bacteria
pathogenic
the study of small organisms
one-celled micro-organisms
non-disease-producing bacteria
disease-producing bacteria
microbiology
the study of small organisms
bacteria
one-celled micro-organisms
5 terms
Unit 2: Microbiology and Bacteria
Saprophyte
Parasite
Photosynthetic
Chemosynthetic
An organism that feeds on dead matter
An organism that obtains nutrients directly from the tissues…
An organism that obtains energy directly from the sunlight
An organism that promotes chemical reactions to release energy
Saprophyte
An organism that feeds on dead matter
Parasite
An organism that obtains nutrients directly from the tissues…
49 terms
Microbiology ch. 2 Bacteria
Shapes of Bacteria
multicellular organization
smaller
exceptions to the general size of bact…
-spherical (s.coccus, pl. cocci)... -Rod-shaped (s. bacillus, pl…
-Hyphae (branching filaments of cells)... -mycclia (tufts of hyp…
size of bacteria can vary greatly.... - usually ________ than eu…
-thiomargarita namibiensis... -epulopiscium fishelsoni... -some myc…
Shapes of Bacteria
-spherical (s.coccus, pl. cocci)... -Rod-shaped (s. bacillus, pl…
multicellular organization
-Hyphae (branching filaments of cells)... -mycclia (tufts of hyp…
31 terms
Pathogenic Microbiology--Schaechter-Exam 2: Enteric Bacteria
GI barriers to infection
GI vulnerability to infection
Infectious diseases of the GI tract
Infectious diseases of the GI tract: G…
200-300m^2 surface area... Mouth: flow of fluids, saliva, lysozy…
Human causes: ... Radiation/chemotherapy--damages epithelium... ant…
Gastroenteritis... Diarrhea (non-invasive)... Dysentery (invasive)…
Syndrome characterized by GI symptoms including nausea, vomit…
GI barriers to infection
200-300m^2 surface area... Mouth: flow of fluids, saliva, lysozy…
GI vulnerability to infection
Human causes: ... Radiation/chemotherapy--damages epithelium... ant…
17 terms
Microbiology t2 bacteria
Anthrax
Bacillus subtilis
Bdellovibrio spp.
Borrelia burgdorferi
Bacillus anthracis
Non pathogenic
Non pathogenic
Lyme disease
Anthrax
Bacillus anthracis
Bacillus subtilis
Non pathogenic
16 terms
microbiology quiz 2 bacteria pics
tetrad
sarcinae
streptococci
a. single bacillus b.diplobacilli
tetrad
sarcinae
12 terms
Microbiology Bacteria Survey 2
Escherichia coli
Salmonella
Poultry salmonella
Cattle salmonella
UTI, nosocomial infection, traveler's diarrhea, indicator of…
3 species (Enterobacteriaceae)
Transmitted in eggs, reason for prohibition of easter chicks
Transmitted in milk/cheese
Escherichia coli
UTI, nosocomial infection, traveler's diarrhea, indicator of…
Salmonella
3 species (Enterobacteriaceae)
14 terms
Microbiology Lab Midterm Bacteria
Gram's Stain
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Streptococcus pyogenes
Staphylococcus aureus
This slide contains a mixed culture containing two species of…
These species of bacteria are Gram negative. The cells are sm…
These Gram positive bacterial cells are spheroid to ovoid in…
These Gram positive cells are spherical and occur singly, in…
Gram's Stain
This slide contains a mixed culture containing two species of…
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
These species of bacteria are Gram negative. The cells are sm…
12 terms
2.1 Microbiology and Bacteria
Microbiology
bacteria
bacteriology
nonpathogenic
study of small organisms
germs or microbes; one-celled micro-organisms
study of bacteria
non-disease producing bacteria
Microbiology
study of small organisms
bacteria
germs or microbes; one-celled micro-organisms
19 terms
Unit 2: Microbiology and Bacteria
What are the three scientists that dev…
What is the difference between a Compo…
What are the three outer layers of a b…
What are the three basic shapes of bac…
Lister, Koch, Pasteur
A Scanning Electron microscope has a greater magnification.
Capsule, Cell Wall, Plasma Membrane.
Coccus, Bacillus, Spirillium.
What are the three scientists that dev…
Lister, Koch, Pasteur
What is the difference between a Compo…
A Scanning Electron microscope has a greater magnification.
32 terms
Microbiology Chapter 2 Morphology of Bacteria
morphe
morphology
What is the customary unit of measurem…
what is the abbreviation for the micro…
form or shape
the study of characteristics relating to the form of an organ…
micrometer
uM
morphe
form or shape
morphology
the study of characteristics relating to the form of an organ…
141 terms
Microbiology Bacteria
Coccus
Bacillus
Coccubacillus
Vibrio
Ball shaped, bean or pointed
Rod shaped, cylinders
Plumb, short rod
Curved
Coccus
Ball shaped, bean or pointed
Bacillus
Rod shaped, cylinders
98 terms
Microbiology exam 2 bacteria, Microbiology ch 24 correct
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
tubercle
caseation necrosis
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
the causative agent of tuberculosis , rod-shaped non-sporefor…
lesion primarily associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis o…
various blood and tissue components oftentimes coalesce formi…
esponsible for causing diphtheriaram positive, non-motile, st…
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
the causative agent of tuberculosis , rod-shaped non-sporefor…
tubercle
lesion primarily associated with Mycobacterium tuberculosis o…
38 terms
Microbiology Module 4 - Bacteria and Archaea (Exam 2)
outer membrane
uppermost layer of the outer membrane
porin proteins
cytoplasmic membrane
an extra barrier in gram-negative bacteria, and serves as a p…
contains lipopolysaccharide; the polysaccharide chains extend…
access is provided by these special membrane channels that co…
a very thin (5-10nm), flexible sheet molded completely around…
outer membrane
an extra barrier in gram-negative bacteria, and serves as a p…
uppermost layer of the outer membrane
contains lipopolysaccharide; the polysaccharide chains extend…
130 terms
microbiology-bacteria
what is a bacterial spore made up of?
branching/filamentous bacteria
name 2 bacteria that don't gram stain…
5 things stained by giemsa stain
keratin coat... dipicolonic acid... peptidoglycan
actinomyces and nocardia
rickettsia and chlamydia
chlamydia... borrelia... rickettsia... trypanosomes... plasmodium
what is a bacterial spore made up of?
keratin coat... dipicolonic acid... peptidoglycan
branching/filamentous bacteria
actinomyces and nocardia
55 terms
Microbiology Class Chapter 2: Bacteria
Coccus
Bacillus
Vibrio
Spirillum
Spherical shape
Rod shape
Comma shape
Spiral
Coccus
Spherical shape
Bacillus
Rod shape
33 terms
Sec2: Microbiology (Virus and Bacteria)
Five Kingdom System
Symbiosis
Types of Symbiosis
Transmission of Microorganisms
1) Monera (bacteria)-prokaryotes... 2) Protists (single celled)-…
interaction between two different organisms living in close p…
1) Mutualism: relationship is beneficial... 2) Commensalism: one…
1) Direct Contact... 2) Indirect Contact... 3) Inhalation... 4) Transm…
Five Kingdom System
1) Monera (bacteria)-prokaryotes... 2) Protists (single celled)-…
Symbiosis
interaction between two different organisms living in close p…
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