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Study sets matching "microbiology lab fungi"

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Study sets matching "microbiology lab fungi"

22 terms
Fungi (Microbiology)
Mycelia
Conidia
Fruiting Bodies
Bad fungi
Hyphae packed/grown together
Asexual spore produced from Hyphae above the surface; pigment…
Macroscopic reproductive structures (mushrooms and puffballs)
Mycoses "athletes foot" to histoplasmosis (inhaled)
Mycelia
Hyphae packed/grown together
Conidia
Asexual spore produced from Hyphae above the surface; pigment…
35 terms
Fungi microbiology
Fermentation
Ascus
Basidium
Hyphae
During the process of blank energy is released
Are saclike structures that produce many spores
Club fungi produce spores on a sec called a
Bread mold produces masses of threadlike structures called
Fermentation
During the process of blank energy is released
Ascus
Are saclike structures that produce many spores
29 terms
Fungi (Microbiology)
heterotrophs
saprophytes
Conidia
haustoria
寄养菌
腐生菌
Asexual spore produced from Hyphae above the surface; pigment…
heterotrophs
寄养菌
saprophytes
腐生菌
122 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Why won't most antibacterials work aga…
Mold
Yeast
Pseudohyphae
80S ribosome (same as animals/plants, antibacterials that tar…
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores (in sacs) or conidia (o…
Single-celled from of fungi. ... Common in liquid environments.…
Occur in yeast... Elongated forms that look like hyphae, but hav…
Why won't most antibacterials work aga…
80S ribosome (same as animals/plants, antibacterials that tar…
Mold
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores (in sacs) or conidia (o…
92 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Mold
Yeast
Pseudohyphae
Dimorphic Fungi
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores/conidia... Reproduce by sp…
Single-celled from of fungi. ... Common in liquid environments.…
Occur in yeast... Elongated forms that look like hyphae, but hav…
Can exist in Mold or Yeast state. ... Thermally dimorphic, exist…
Mold
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores/conidia... Reproduce by sp…
Yeast
Single-celled from of fungi. ... Common in liquid environments.…
12 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
classification of fungi
class of fungi
examples of phycomycetes
examples of ascomycetes
moulds, large fungi (mushrooms), yeast
phycomycetes, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, saccharomycetes
mucor and rhizopus
aspergillis and penicillium
classification of fungi
moulds, large fungi (mushrooms), yeast
class of fungi
phycomycetes, ascomycetes, basidiomycetes, saccharomycetes
15 terms
Microbiology Fungi
General Characteristics of Fungi
Habitat
Nutrition
Morphology
Kingdom Fungi ... Domain: Eukarya ... Unicellular/Multicellular... Dec…
Moist, or spores in dry conditions for varying times
Saprophytes: Feed on dead/decaying material... Parasites feed on…
Unicellular or multicellular... Unicellular: Single celled organ…
General Characteristics of Fungi
Kingdom Fungi ... Domain: Eukarya ... Unicellular/Multicellular... Dec…
Habitat
Moist, or spores in dry conditions for varying times
128 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Why won't most antibacterials work aga…
Mold
Yeast
Pseudohyphae
80S ribosome (same as animals/plants, antibacterials that tar…
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores (in sacs) or conidia (o…
Single-celled from of fungi. ... Common in liquid environments.…
Occur in yeast... Elongated forms that look like hyphae, but hav…
Why won't most antibacterials work aga…
80S ribosome (same as animals/plants, antibacterials that tar…
Mold
Have multicellular hyphae, and spores (in sacs) or conidia (o…
24 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Bacteria vs Fungi
Hyphae
Mycelium
Septate
• Cellular makeup ... o Bacteria - prokaryotes - do not have nuc…
Tubular filaments
Mass of hyphae
Divided hyphae
Bacteria vs Fungi
• Cellular makeup ... o Bacteria - prokaryotes - do not have nuc…
Hyphae
Tubular filaments
101 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Cell wall
Chitin, glucan and mannan
Ergosterol
Organism requiring organic carbon (e.g…
Protective barrier in all fungi
Components of fungal cell wall
Unique component of fungal membranes
Definition of heterotrophic
Cell wall
Protective barrier in all fungi
Chitin, glucan and mannan
Components of fungal cell wall
21 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Allergic reaction... Reaction to toxin (h…
Hallucinogen... poisonous effect of ergot…
Dutch elm disease: Ceratocystis ulmi... W…
Phytophthora infestans
Name 4 ways fungi can cause disease in humans.
What are three reactions to fungi toxin?
Name three ways fungi destroys human food
What is the name for potato blight?
Allergic reaction... Reaction to toxin (h…
Name 4 ways fungi can cause disease in humans.
Hallucinogen... poisonous effect of ergot…
What are three reactions to fungi toxin?
41 terms
Microbiology-Fungi
Fungi grow as
Sourcce of disease causing fungi
Fungi cell wall is
Capsulated fungi
opportunists
majority is environment... except: candidia and malassezia
chitin (polymer of NAG
Capsules are manna and glucan complexed with surface proteins
Fungi grow as
opportunists
Sourcce of disease causing fungi
majority is environment... except: candidia and malassezia
45 terms
Microbiology- Fungi
What are fungi?
Fungi Definition
Coenocytic
Asomycota
Moulds, Yeasts, Mushrooms, Toadstools.
Unicellular, multicellular or coenocytic. Heterotrophic and E…
1 cell with multiple nuclei
Definately fungi and are Sac fungi and produce non-motile spo…
What are fungi?
Moulds, Yeasts, Mushrooms, Toadstools.
Fungi Definition
Unicellular, multicellular or coenocytic. Heterotrophic and E…
43 terms
Microbiology Fungi
How are fungi classified?
Fungi
Molds
The molds are a collection of individu…
Classified by how they reproduce ----- sexually or asexually
Fungi differ from bacteria in that fungi are all eukaryotic.…
The molds are a collection of individual filaments called hyp…
hyphae
How are fungi classified?
Classified by how they reproduce ----- sexually or asexually
Fungi
Fungi differ from bacteria in that fungi are all eukaryotic.…
19 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Fungi
Fungi Characteristics
Which fungi are obligate aerobes
What fungi are facultative aerobes?
- Eukaryote... 1) Mushroom... 2) Mold... 3) Yeast... - cell wall made of…
- Hypha = chain of fungal cells (can't see)... - Mycellium = man…
1) Mushrooms... 2) Mold
3) Yeast
Fungi
- Eukaryote... 1) Mushroom... 2) Mold... 3) Yeast... - cell wall made of…
Fungi Characteristics
- Hypha = chain of fungal cells (can't see)... - Mycellium = man…
17 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Decomposition (of Decaying Organic Mat…
Yeast
S. cerevisiae
Molds
The main way in which fungi are critical for life on Earth
Fungi that grow as small round single cells... Reproduce by budd…
Known as baker's or brewer's yeast... Is the model eukaryote in…
Fungi that grow as long branched filaments called hyphae... Cell…
Decomposition (of Decaying Organic Mat…
The main way in which fungi are critical for life on Earth
Yeast
Fungi that grow as small round single cells... Reproduce by budd…
44 terms
Microbiology Fungi
fungi have characteristics that make t…
what are some characteristics of fungi…
what does heterotrophic mean?
fungi are multicellular but....
bacteria, plants & animals
cell wall made of chitin, no chlorophyll, multicellular, & he…
don't make their own food
they dont work together
fungi have characteristics that make t…
bacteria, plants & animals
what are some characteristics of fungi…
cell wall made of chitin, no chlorophyll, multicellular, & he…
47 terms
Microbiology Fungi
What is the structure of fungi?
How big are fungi?
Are fungi terrestrial or aquatic?
What is fungi's cw made out of?
eukaryotes with no chloroplasts
micro or macroscopic
mostly terrestrial, some aquatic
mostly chitan... some glycan
What is the structure of fungi?
eukaryotes with no chloroplasts
How big are fungi?
micro or macroscopic
31 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
The kingdom of Fungi is prokaryotic/eu…
Macroscopic fungi includes: _____, ___…
Microscopic fungi includes: ______ and…
Yeast reproduces asexually by _______.
eukaryotic
mushrooms, puffballs, gill fungi
molds, yeasts
budding
The kingdom of Fungi is prokaryotic/eu…
eukaryotic
Macroscopic fungi includes: _____, ___…
mushrooms, puffballs, gill fungi
12 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
What are the 3 types of symbiotic rela…
What are the 2 types of non-symbiotic…
What is the glycocalyx?
What are the functions of the glycocal…
Mutualism - ... Commensalism -... Paratism -
Synergism - ... Antagonism -
The outermost boundary that comes into direct contact with th…
This boundary is used for protection, adhesion, and reception…
What are the 3 types of symbiotic rela…
Mutualism - ... Commensalism -... Paratism -
What are the 2 types of non-symbiotic…
Synergism - ... Antagonism -
27 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Fungi
fungal cell wall composition
Cell membrane is made of?
Saprophytes
Eukaryotes... sterols in cell membrane... Cell wall... Heterotrophs
glucans, mannans, chitin ... (no peptidoglycan)
sterols... ergosterol
obtain nutrients by decomposing dead and decaying matter
Fungi
Eukaryotes... sterols in cell membrane... Cell wall... Heterotrophs
fungal cell wall composition
glucans, mannans, chitin ... (no peptidoglycan)
35 terms
Microbiology Fungi
Are yeasts multi or unicellular?
Are molds multi or unicellular?
What does dimorphic mean?
What is the fungal thallus?
Unicellular
Multicellular
Both a yeast and a mold
The entire organism
Are yeasts multi or unicellular?
Unicellular
Are molds multi or unicellular?
Multicellular
23 terms
Microbiology (Fungi)
All systemic mycoses can do what?
What are the systemic mycoses?
The only systemic mycoses that is not…
Histoplasma thrives in which cell type…
Cause pneumonia and disseminate.
Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis, Paracoccid…
Coccidioidomycosis; it is a spherule in tissue.
Macrophage... Tx: Bird or bat droppings
All systemic mycoses can do what?
Cause pneumonia and disseminate.
What are the systemic mycoses?
Histoplasmosis, Blastomycosis, Coccidioidomycosis, Paracoccid…
32 terms
The Fungi - Microbiology
Yoshinori Ohsumi
Mycology
The Kingdom of Fungi: Characteristics
Heterotrophic
Winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
The study of Fungi
-Approximately 100,000 species of fungi (molds, mushrooms, an…
-Never make their own food, they get their energy from consum…
Yoshinori Ohsumi
Winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Mycology
The study of Fungi
31 terms
Microbiology Fungi
Fungi
Fungi Classification
Morphology and Reproduction
Subkingdoms of Fungi
Present in nature (ex. mushrooms)... Medically important (ex. at…
Morphology... Reproduction (asexual and sexual)
Hyphae cell ... -Septate... -nonseptate... Yeast cells ... -Single cells…
Amastigomycota... -Perfect... -Imperfect... Mastigomycota
Fungi
Present in nature (ex. mushrooms)... Medically important (ex. at…
Fungi Classification
Morphology... Reproduction (asexual and sexual)
52 terms
Microbiology and fungi
S. aureus
S. aureus
S. epidermidis
S. epidermidis
Catalase +... Coagulase +... Ferments Mannitol... DNase +
Growth on blood agar:... Colonies may be yellow in color... Beta-he…
Catalase +... Coagulase -... Will grow on mannitol salt agar but do…
Growth on blood agar:... White colonies... Usually non-hemolytic... M…
S. aureus
Catalase +... Coagulase +... Ferments Mannitol... DNase +
S. aureus
Growth on blood agar:... Colonies may be yellow in color... Beta-he…
9 terms
fungi microbiology
prokaryote ribosome
eukaryote ribosome
largest bacterium (100 - 300 μm)
Mushroom poisoning
30s=16s rna... 50s= 23s + 5s rna
40s= 18s rrna... 60s= 28s + 5.8s +5s
Thiomargarita namibiensis
mycetism
prokaryote ribosome
30s=16s rna... 50s= 23s + 5s rna
eukaryote ribosome
40s= 18s rrna... 60s= 28s + 5.8s +5s
48 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
Major membrane sterol of fungi
Major target for antifungals
All fungi are
Dimorphic fungi are moulds at this tem…
Ergosterol
Ergosterol
Heterotrophic (require organic carbon)
25
Major membrane sterol of fungi
Ergosterol
Major target for antifungals
Ergosterol
12 terms
Microbiology (Fungi)
Histoplasmosis
Blastomycosis
Coccidioidomycosis
Paracoccidioidmycosis
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic ... - Mississippi and Ohio River v…
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic... - States east of Mississippi Ri…
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic (spherules instead of yeast) ... -…
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic ... - Latin America... - Budding yeas…
Histoplasmosis
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic ... - Mississippi and Ohio River v…
Blastomycosis
Systemic Mycoses ... - Dimorphic... - States east of Mississippi Ri…
27 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Fungi
Structure of fungi
Unicellular fungi
Multicellular fungi
Kingdom fungi, with seven phyla. Primarily terrestrial, some…
Cell wall of chitin (nitrogenous polysaccharide). Two distinc…
Aflagellate yeasts. Reproduction: asexually by budding, sexua…
Moulds, sac fungi, mushrooms. containing hyphae
Fungi
Kingdom fungi, with seven phyla. Primarily terrestrial, some…
Structure of fungi
Cell wall of chitin (nitrogenous polysaccharide). Two distinc…
18 terms
microbiology: fungi
5 clades
Zygomicota
Ascomycota
Basidiomycota
-zygomycota... -Ascomycota... -basidiomycota... -microsporidia... -chytri…
-asexual spores in ascus... -sexual spores on the mycelium... -mult…
-asexual spores, conidiophores at end of hyphae... -sexual spore…
-asexual spores at tips of hyphae... -sexual spores, basidiospor…
5 clades
-zygomycota... -Ascomycota... -basidiomycota... -microsporidia... -chytri…
Zygomicota
-asexual spores in ascus... -sexual spores on the mycelium... -mult…
68 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Cell-mediated
aerobic
Ergosterol
Chitin
Is cell or humoral mediated immunity for important in fungal…
Are most fungi aerobic or anaerobic?
What is the predominant sterol in fungi membranes?
What special polysaccharide is found in the cell wall of fungi?
Cell-mediated
Is cell or humoral mediated immunity for important in fungal…
aerobic
Are most fungi aerobic or anaerobic?
9 terms
Microbiology (fungi)
Types of hyphae
Vegetative
Aerials
Reproductive hyphae
Vegetative and Aerials
Penetrate into into the media and absorbs nutrients
Directed above the surface of media
Aerial hyphae that branches off from it and forms reproductiv…
Types of hyphae
Vegetative and Aerials
Vegetative
Penetrate into into the media and absorbs nutrients
14 terms
Microbiology Fungi
General info of Fungi
Types of Fungi
Yeast
Hyphae
Fungi require an aerobic environment... Virulence factors: cell…
Yeast (pseudohyphae), hyphae, molds, spores, dimorphic fungi
Unicellular form, round or ellipse... Reproduce by budding... If bu…
Branching tubules of fungal cells attached end to end... Grow by…
General info of Fungi
Fungi require an aerobic environment... Virulence factors: cell…
Types of Fungi
Yeast (pseudohyphae), hyphae, molds, spores, dimorphic fungi
28 terms
Microbiology-Fungi
TRUE SYSTEMIC (ENDEMIC) MYCOSES
Coccidiodomycosis
Histoplasmosis
Blastomycosis
Dimorphic fungi... Restricted to particular geographic regions... D…
tissue Spherules (yeast)... culture Hyphae w/ arthrospores (…
tissue Oval yeast cells within macrophages... culture Hyphae…
tissue Thick walled yeast cells w/ broad base bud... *cultur…
TRUE SYSTEMIC (ENDEMIC) MYCOSES
Dimorphic fungi... Restricted to particular geographic regions... D…
Coccidiodomycosis
tissue Spherules (yeast)... culture Hyphae w/ arthrospores (…
31 terms
Microbiology Fungi
pityriasis versicolor also known as
tinea corporis also known as
tinea cruris also known as
tinea unguium also known as
malassesia fur fur
classic ringworm
jock itch
ringworm of the nails
pityriasis versicolor also known as
malassesia fur fur
tinea corporis also known as
classic ringworm
10 terms
Microbiology Fungi
Zygospore
Spore
Haploid
Budding
A diploid spore formed by fusion of two haploid cells
A reproductive cell specialized for dispersal and survival in…
Having one copy of each kind of chromosome
a form of asexual reproduction in yeast
Zygospore
A diploid spore formed by fusion of two haploid cells
Spore
A reproductive cell specialized for dispersal and survival in…
47 terms
Microbiology Fungi
mold
yeast
dimorphic fungi
nutrition and metabolism
long branching thread-like filaments called hyphae that form…
single celled with single nucleus, reproduction by budding or…
change yeast to hyphae, many are DM and switch at 37 degrees C
mostly aerobic, yeast can live via fermentation ... - chemoorgan…
mold
long branching thread-like filaments called hyphae that form…
yeast
single celled with single nucleus, reproduction by budding or…
15 terms
Microbiology Fungi
Deuteromycota characteristics
Pneumocystis
Epidermophyton
Candida albicans
No sexual spores
Deuteromycota
Deuteromycota
Deuteromycota
Deuteromycota characteristics
No sexual spores
Pneumocystis
Deuteromycota
40 terms
Microbiology Fungi
mycology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
heterotrophs
the study of fungi
had DNA but no nucleus
has nuclear membrane
an organism that relies upon organic compounds for its carbon…
mycology
the study of fungi
prokaryotic
had DNA but no nucleus
21 terms
Microbiology fungi
mycology
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
heterotrophs
The scientific study of fungi
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
mycology
The scientific study of fungi
prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
13 terms
Microbiology - Fungi
The study of fungi is called
Fungi that produce using asexual metho…
What are the 5 major groups of fungi?
Explain how fungi get nourishment from…
Mycology
Imperfect
Chytridomycetes, Zygomycetes, Asocomycetes, Basidomycetes, an…
Fungi can obtain nutrients through the process of absorption.…
The study of fungi is called
Mycology
Fungi that produce using asexual metho…
Imperfect
Fungi Microbiology
Saccharomyces
Aspergillus
Torulopsis
Trichoderma
bread, wine beer
produce citric acid for food industry, enzymes for meat tende…
single cell protein food supplement
cellulose enzymes (cellulases) for clearing fruit juices
Saccharomyces
bread, wine beer
Aspergillus
produce citric acid for food industry, enzymes for meat tende…
10 terms
Microbiology - fungi
Fungi is the
Fungi population
Fungi population
Fungi with dentures
Largest microorganism and a plant like bacteria
Bacteria keeps them under control.
If antibiotics are being taken they can grow easily as these…
Denture patients are higher risk as fungi can easily grow. Le…
Fungi is the
Largest microorganism and a plant like bacteria
Fungi population
Bacteria keeps them under control.
15 terms
Microbiology Fungi
Domain of Fungi?
What are the 7 divisions of fungi (cla…
Parasitic?
Saprophytic?
Eukarya
Chytridiomycota... Blastocladiomycota... Neocallimastigomycota... Zygo…
Organism is alive
Organism is dead
Domain of Fungi?
Eukarya
What are the 7 divisions of fungi (cla…
Chytridiomycota... Blastocladiomycota... Neocallimastigomycota... Zygo…
26 terms
Microbiology (Fungi)
main component of fungi cell membrane
MOA of echinocandins
MOA of amphotericin B
MOA of azoles
ergosterol
blocks synthesis of 1->3-beta-D-glucans (part of fungal cell…
bind directly to ergosterol to form ionic pores and oxidative…
inhibit P-450 dependent enzymes required for ergosterol synth…
main component of fungi cell membrane
ergosterol
MOA of echinocandins
blocks synthesis of 1->3-beta-D-glucans (part of fungal cell…
54 terms
microbiology fungi
mycology
nutritional type
true or false almost all decomposition…
nitrogen and carbon and the relationsh…
study of fungi
chemoheterotrophic
true
there would be none if not for fungi.
mycology
study of fungi
nutritional type
chemoheterotrophic
105 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Systemic fungal infections... NOT the cut…
Fungi
Cell membrane of fungi has
Ergosterol
...
eukaroyotes... cell wall chitin polysccahrides... don't move
ergosterol
often a target ... beta1-3 glucan (structural support) is anothe…
Systemic fungal infections... NOT the cut…
...
Fungi
eukaroyotes... cell wall chitin polysccahrides... don't move
39 terms
Microbiology: Fungi
Most fungi, except ___, exist as _____
Mycelium
Chitin
Septa
yeasts... hyphae
thick mass of hyphae
compose fungal cell walls
divide cytoplasm into separate cells
Most fungi, except ___, exist as _____
yeasts... hyphae
Mycelium
thick mass of hyphae
12 terms
Microbiology-fungi
Mycology
Fungi cell walls...
Fungi cell walls never contain...
Fungi cell walls contain
Study of fungi
...contain thick cell walls usually composed of chitin
Peptidoglycan
Sterols
Mycology
Study of fungi
Fungi cell walls...
...contain thick cell walls usually composed of chitin
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