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Study sets matching "microbiology medicine"

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Study sets matching "microbiology medicine"

11 terms
Medicinal Microbiology
Epidemiology
Vectors
Sterilization vs. disinfection
memory B and T cells
study of disease within populations
intermediary living organisms like ticks, cause indirect tran…
sterilization kills all pathogens (extreme heat, radiation, e…
allow fast response to fight off pathogens before serious dam…
Epidemiology
study of disease within populations
Vectors
intermediary living organisms like ticks, cause indirect tran…
23 terms
Microbiology Medicines
tetracycline
sulfonamides
probiotics & prebiotics
beta lactams
-blocking of docking site of ribosomes... -new amino acids canno…
mimic normal substrate of an enzyme required to synthesize fo…
preparations of live organisms to improve intestinal flora (y…
bind to enzymes that catalyze the cross linking of NAM subunits
tetracycline
-blocking of docking site of ribosomes... -new amino acids canno…
sulfonamides
mimic normal substrate of an enzyme required to synthesize fo…
57 terms
Intro to Microbiology, Lab medicine
coagulated samples - put in tube to ac…
uncoagulated samples
Results variability
biologic
clotted blood - liquid = SERUM ... no clotting factors
whole blood - liquid = PLASMA ... clotting factors present
biologic ... pre analytic... analytical... post analytical
influences that cannot be controlled to reduce effect (age, g…
coagulated samples - put in tube to ac…
clotted blood - liquid = SERUM ... no clotting factors
uncoagulated samples
whole blood - liquid = PLASMA ... clotting factors present
72 terms
Microbiology - Principles of Medicine
exotoxin
endotoxin
bacteriophages, plasmids
exotoxin
bacterial virulence that always has target tissue & greater t…
bacterial virulence only in GRAM (-) that does not have targe…
endotoxin virulence factors are carried by:
membrane disrupting toxins (leukocidin, hemolysin) are associ…
exotoxin
bacterial virulence that always has target tissue & greater t…
endotoxin
bacterial virulence only in GRAM (-) that does not have targe…
31 terms
Science/Microbiology/Medicine Timeline
Babylonian clay tablets
Imhotep
Code of Hammurabi
Hippocrates
recipes for making beer (4300 B.C.)
"Egyptian God of Medicine" (2600 B.C.)
sets fees for surgeons and malpractice (1800 B.C.)
origin of rational medicine (420 B.C.)
Babylonian clay tablets
recipes for making beer (4300 B.C.)
Imhotep
"Egyptian God of Medicine" (2600 B.C.)
89 terms
Microbiology Lab Medicine Quiz
Streptococcus Lancefield groups
Group A streptococcus
Group B streptococcus
Group D streptococcus
Group A, Group B, Viridians, Group D
S. pyogenes
S. agalactiae
E. faecalis
Streptococcus Lancefield groups
Group A, Group B, Viridians, Group D
Group A streptococcus
S. pyogenes
16 terms
Mavericks, Miracles and Medicine Microbiology
The vaccine for tuberculosis is used o…
How is tuberculosis spread?
What are signs and symptoms of tubercu…
What is the red powder in the medicati…
BCG vaccine
close contact
coughing for more than three weeks... coughing up blood... fever ... f…
...
The vaccine for tuberculosis is used o…
BCG vaccine
How is tuberculosis spread?
close contact
25 terms
Medical Microbiology Medicines
Polymyxin B mode of action
Polymyxin B causes what?
Quinolones mode of action
Sulfonamides do what?
Cell membrane disruptor
causes kidney damage
DNA gyrase (synthesis) inhibitor
Disrupts folic acid synthesis
Polymyxin B mode of action
Cell membrane disruptor
Polymyxin B causes what?
causes kidney damage
7 terms
THE USES OF MICROBIOLOGY IN MEDICINE AND OTHER INDUSTRIES
Immunology
Epidemiology
BACTERIOLOGY
Parasitology
The study of defense system against infections
The study of monitoring amd controlling the speed of transmis…
The study of Bacteria
The study oif Protozoa and Parasitic worms
Immunology
The study of defense system against infections
Epidemiology
The study of monitoring amd controlling the speed of transmis…
17 terms
L1: Introduction to Medicinal Microbiology
Mortality
Morbidity
Emerging Infections
Factors Contributing to Emergence
- Death from infectious disease
- Won't die but can't contribute to society... - Measured in Dis…
- Incidence has increased in past 2 decades or threatens to i…
- Human demographics/behaviour... - Technology/industry... - Econom…
Mortality
- Death from infectious disease
Morbidity
- Won't die but can't contribute to society... - Measured in Dis…
38 terms
Block 2 Clinical Medicine 2: Microbiology
Which organism most commonly causes ac…
Which organism most commonly causes ac…
What is the most common Gram-negative…
Neonates with acute hematogenous osteo…
Staphylococcus aureus.
Haemophilus influenzae.
Escherichia coli.
GAS or GBS.
Which organism most commonly causes ac…
Staphylococcus aureus.
Which organism most commonly causes ac…
Haemophilus influenzae.
20 terms
Introduction to Microbiology Techniques/Application of Molecular Biology to Medicine
Electrophoresis: -ve charges moves to
Purine
Pyrimidine
Bacterial transformation
anode
Adenine... Guanine
Cytosine... Thymine
introduce plasmid to host bacterium... make small pores in cell…
Electrophoresis: -ve charges moves to
anode
Purine
Adenine... Guanine
74 terms
History 20th Century Medicine- Immunology & Microbiology
Louis Pastuer
Emil von Behring
Sir Ronald Ross
How is malaria transmitted?
created the Small Pox vaccine
created the Diphtheria anti-toxin
in 1897 he discovered how malaria transmits, which is through…
by Mosquitos
Louis Pastuer
created the Small Pox vaccine
Emil von Behring
created the Diphtheria anti-toxin
43 terms
Behavioral,microbiology,immunology,zoonosis,genetics & preventive medicine FINAL EXAM
DA2PPv
MIC
IgA
FeLV
Distemper,adenovirus type 2, parvovirus,parainfluenza
Minimal inhibitory concentration
Immunoglobulin A
Feline leukemia virus
DA2PPv
Distemper,adenovirus type 2, parvovirus,parainfluenza
MIC
Minimal inhibitory concentration
112 terms
CELS191 Test Revision- Microbes and Medicine, and Applied Microbiology
What is vertical gene transfer?
What is horizontal gene transfer?
What are three types of horizontal gen…
Outline the main events of conjugation
Where cells replicate their genomes and pass copes to their d…
When prokaryotes acquire genes from other microbes of the sam…
Transformation, transduction, and conjugation
The donor cell attaches to a recipient cell with ts pilus. Th…
What is vertical gene transfer?
Where cells replicate their genomes and pass copes to their d…
What is horizontal gene transfer?
When prokaryotes acquire genes from other microbes of the sam…
81 terms
Microbiology
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
Bacilli
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
25 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
27 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote:
Microbe
Microbiology
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
microscopic organisms that exist as single cells or cell clus…
the study of microbes including their lives, features, and im…
Prokaryote
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
Eukaryote:
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
225 terms
Microbiology Exam 1
What are the most common shapes of bac…
What are some difference between a spi…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Haem…
What is the shape of the gram (-) Bord…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
The shape is coccus
The shape is coccobacillus
What are the most common shapes of bac…
-Coccus (round and spherical)... - Diplococcus (two cocci and so…
What are some difference between a spi…
-The spirillum (bottom right) is shorter then the spirochete…
24 terms
Microbiology
algae
antibiotic
antibody
antimicrobial
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
any substance that destroys or weakens one or more kinds of m…
algae
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
antibiotic
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
24 terms
Microbiology test #1 Study guide number 1
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, al…
photosynthesis, decomposition, digesti…
outer plasma membrane, DNA, cytoplasm
the specific causative agent must be f…
The study of microbiology includes: (5)
How do microorganisms play a crucial role in the biosphere? (6)
3 things all cells MUST have
Koch's postulate 1
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, al…
The study of microbiology includes: (5)
photosynthesis, decomposition, digesti…
How do microorganisms play a crucial role in the biosphere? (6)
44 terms
Branches of Medicine
Acupuncture
Allergy
Anesthesiology
Broncho-Esophagology
...Acupuncture
...
...
...
Acupuncture
...Acupuncture
Allergy
...
433 terms
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Pathogens
Virulence
Antibiotics
•living things too small to be seen without a microscope (bac…
disease causing microbes
the strength of a microbe to cause disease
natural substances produced by bacteria and fungi to kill oth…
Microorganisms
•living things too small to be seen without a microscope (bac…
Pathogens
disease causing microbes
14 terms
microbiology
virus
carrier
fungi
protist
non-living organisms that reproduce with host cells
one species that carry disease with out affects
a group of decomposers some are harmful
unicellular nucleus holding life forms some can harm
virus
non-living organisms that reproduce with host cells
carrier
one species that carry disease with out affects
29 terms
English for Medicine Unit 1
administer
admissions
analysis
anatomy
to give a drug, medicine, or treatment to someone
department in hospital where patients register on arrival
the careful examination of something in order to better under…
the study of body structure
administer
to give a drug, medicine, or treatment to someone
admissions
department in hospital where patients register on arrival
65 terms
Microbiology
Clostridium Bolotonium
Clostridium difficile
Clostridium Peregrines
Clostridium Tetani
Botox-Paralysis
Pseudomembranous colitis
Gas gangreen - wound infection
tetanus
Clostridium Bolotonium
Botox-Paralysis
Clostridium difficile
Pseudomembranous colitis
93 terms
Microbiology Chapter 13: Viruses, Viroids, and Prions
Filterable agent
First human disease to be associated a…
Obligatory intracellular parasites
characteristics of viruses
a virus; too small to be filtered out like bacteria
yellow fever
require living host cells to multiply
contains either DNA or RNA, protein coat, multiply inside liv…
Filterable agent
a virus; too small to be filtered out like bacteria
First human disease to be associated a…
yellow fever
Microbiology Vocabulary
microbiology
microbe
pathogen
virus
The study of biology dealing with microorganisms
a microscopic organism
viruses and some bacteria, fungi, or worms that cause disease.
microscopic particle that enters a cell and destroys it.
microbiology
The study of biology dealing with microorganisms
microbe
a microscopic organism
15 terms
microbiology vocabulary list
microbiology
microbe
pathogen
virus
The study of biology dealing with microorganisms
a microscopic organism
viruses and some bacteria, fungi, or worms that cause disease.
microscopic particle that enters a cell and destroys it.
microbiology
The study of biology dealing with microorganisms
microbe
a microscopic organism
59 terms
Microbiology Chapter 3
4 Processes of Life
Prokaryotes
eukaryote
organelles
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
kind of cell without a nucleus
kind of cell with a nucleus
specialized structures that act like tiny organs to carry on…
4 Processes of Life
growth, reproduction, responsiveness, metabolism
Prokaryotes
kind of cell without a nucleus
83 terms
Microbiology Biology Chapter 20 Exam 2
Chemotherapy
Antibiotic
synthetic drugs
Semi-synthetic drugs
The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that…
a medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhib…
made by combining different substances : not natural
Describing the process of synthesizing a particular chemical…
Chemotherapy
The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that…
Antibiotic
a medicine (such as penicillin or its derivatives) that inhib…
37 terms
Disease and Microbiology
virus
bacteria
fungi
algae
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics:…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
complex organisms that obtain food by breaking down other sub…
Unicellular or multicellular... A protist that produces its food…
virus
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics:…
bacteria
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
38 terms
Microbiology Vocabulary
Cloning
Bacteria
Eukaryotic
Mutagen
Making an identical copy using DNA
Living pathogen, killed by antibiotics
Cells with a nucleus and organelles
Something that causes a mutation
Cloning
Making an identical copy using DNA
Bacteria
Living pathogen, killed by antibiotics
154 terms
Internal Medicine GASTROINTESTINAL
Ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis Site of involvement
Ulcerative colitis History/PE
Ulcerative colitis Extraintestinal man…
Chronic inflammatory disease that causes ulceration of the co…
Ulcerative colitis
Chronic inflammatory disease that causes ulceration of the co…
Ulcerative colitis Site of involvement
10 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
3 micro organisms
Bacterial disease
Viral disease
Study of tiny living things
Virus, bacteria, fungus
TB, tetanus, food poisoning, tooth decay, sore throats
Measles, mumps, chicken pox, flu
Microbiology
Study of tiny living things
3 micro organisms
Virus, bacteria, fungus
155 terms
Microbio Lecture Exam 1
microogranisms
germ
microbes
What do microbes produce?
organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided eye
rapidly growing cell ... are also possible microscopic pathogens
-few are pathogenic... -help maintain the balance of life in our…
-industrial chemicals (ethanol, acetone)... -fermented foods (vi…
microogranisms
organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided eye
germ
rapidly growing cell ... are also possible microscopic pathogens
1,048 terms
USMLE STEP 1 Microbiology
What is a special cellular component o…
What is the special component of bacte…
Where are the normal flora found? Cont…
Are there normal flora in the blood or…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
Peptidoglycan
Location:... - found on body surfaces contiguous with outside en…
No... Sterile environment
What is a special cellular component o…
Ergosterol ... A major sterol
What is the special component of bacte…
Peptidoglycan
25 terms
Microbiology for UP
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
57 terms
Big Exam Study: Advanced Medicine
2-6
Ankylosing spondylitis
HbA1c, 50mmol/mol, 2
Random venous blood glucose > 11.1mmol/L
Oligoarthritis is defined as ___ joints being affected
Plantar fasciitis (non-inflammatory heel pain) is commonly se…
Diagnosing Diabetes in asymptomatic adults requires a(n) ? of…
Diagnosing Diabetes in symptomatic adults (polyuria, polydips…
2-6
Oligoarthritis is defined as ___ joints being affected
Ankylosing spondylitis
Plantar fasciitis (non-inflammatory heel pain) is commonly se…
154 terms
Microbiology 3210 Exam III
Genome
Genotype
Phenotype
Fred Griffith Experiment
All of the DNA present in a cell or virus
Specific set of genes an organism possesses
Collection of Observable Characteristics
Displayed Transformation by Smooth Bacteria with capsule and…
Genome
All of the DNA present in a cell or virus
Genotype
Specific set of genes an organism possesses
206 terms
Big Exam Study: Medicine blue book MCQs
Granulomatosis with PolyAngiitis (GPA…
Amyloidosis
MSU (and dipstick, looking for infecti…
Erysipelas (superficial cellulitis), G…
Dyspnoea, hypertension, nasal septal perforation, protein &…
Disease caused by acumulation of abnormal, insoluble protein…
New urinary incontinence in an elderly woman... most appropri…
Fever and a well-defined dusky-red erythematous rash on the f…
Granulomatosis with PolyAngiitis (GPA…
Dyspnoea, hypertension, nasal septal perforation, protein &…
Amyloidosis
Disease caused by acumulation of abnormal, insoluble protein…
132 terms
Big Exam Study: Microbiology
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)
Leptospirosis
3 consecutive mornings
Mycolic acid
HIV patient with diarrhoea and systemic unwellness and CD4 co…
Most important occupationally acquired infection in New Zeala…
Collection of sputum samples for TB diagnosis requires sample…
High content of what component of Mycobacterium TB cell walls…
Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)
HIV patient with diarrhoea and systemic unwellness and CD4 co…
Leptospirosis
Most important occupationally acquired infection in New Zeala…
196 terms
Otolaryngology- Medicine
Ear anatomy. Describe the features of…
What is the cone of light caused by
Perichondritis:... - What is it?... - What a…
Perichondritis:... - Typically seen after
mallius, umbo and stapes
The umbo (of malleus) presses on the tympanic membrane causin…
- Infection of the outer ear cartilage causing swelling, redn…
- Trauma to the ear, ... - surgery in or around the ear, ... - burn…
Ear anatomy. Describe the features of…
mallius, umbo and stapes
What is the cone of light caused by
The umbo (of malleus) presses on the tympanic membrane causin…
16 terms
Microbiology Flash Cards Part 1
colony (bacterial)
pathogen
microbiology
FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
a visible mass of microorganisms all originating from a singl…
anything that causes a disease.
the study of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses…
A government agency established in 1906 with the passage of t…
colony (bacterial)
a visible mass of microorganisms all originating from a singl…
pathogen
anything that causes a disease.
209 terms
BRS Microbiology
Gram Positive:... A normal inhabitant of…
Gram Positive:... The most severe form o…
Gram Positive:... Causes gastroenteritis…
Gram Positive:... Disease can be due to…
Actinomycetes isrealii... [Diagnosis is by finding sulfur granu…
Bacillus anthracis... [Can occur as an occupational disease of…
Bacillus cereus... [Rapid emesis or diarrhea is associated with…
Clostridium botulinum... [Symptoms include flaccid paralysis, d…
Gram Positive:... A normal inhabitant of…
Actinomycetes isrealii... [Diagnosis is by finding sulfur granu…
Gram Positive:... The most severe form o…
Bacillus anthracis... [Can occur as an occupational disease of…
15 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microbe
pathogen
virus
the study of biology dealing with microorganisms
a microscopic organism
viruses and some bacteria, fungi, and worms that cause disease
microscopic particle that enters a cell and destroys it
microbiology
the study of biology dealing with microorganisms
microbe
a microscopic organism
82 terms
Microbiology Exam II
Elements of Microbial Life
Protein
Phospholipids
Polysaccharides
Protein... Phospholipids... Polysaccharides... Nucleic Acids... Macroelem…
Amino Acids... Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Sulfur
Composed of C, O, H, N, P
Composed of C, O, H
Elements of Microbial Life
Protein... Phospholipids... Polysaccharides... Nucleic Acids... Macroelem…
Protein
Amino Acids... Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Sulfur
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Virus
Protist
Anything that causes disease.
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
A nonliving pathogen that causes disease.
Single celled organisms that can be harmful
Pathogen
Anything that causes disease.
Bacteria
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
15 terms
Microbiology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Virus
Bacteria
A organism that can not be seen by the human eye
The study of microornganisms
a non living pathogen
a living pathogen that can spread a disease
Microorganism
A organism that can not be seen by the human eye
Microbiology
The study of microornganisms
154 terms
Internal Medicine GASTROINTESTINAL
Ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis Site of involvement
Ulcerative colitis History/PE
Ulcerative colitis Extraintestinal man…
Chronic inflammatory disease that causes ulceration of the co…
Ulcerative colitis
Chronic inflammatory disease that causes ulceration of the co…
Ulcerative colitis Site of involvement
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