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Study sets matching "microbiology microorganisms"

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Study sets matching "microbiology microorganisms"

45 terms
Microbiology: Microorganisms
Microbiology
Saprophyte
Cocci
Streptobacilli
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
An organism that feeds on dead matter
Spherical bacteria.
rod-shaped bacteria occurring in chains.
Microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Saprophyte
An organism that feeds on dead matter
8 terms
Microbiology microorganisms
Microbiology
Protozoa
Fungi
Algae
The field that studies the most successful forms of life on t…
Eukaryotes; absorb or ingest organic chemicals; may be motile…
Eukaryotes; chitin cell walls; use organic chemicals for energy
Eukaryotes; cellulose cell walls; use photosynthesis for ener…
Microbiology
The field that studies the most successful forms of life on t…
Protozoa
Eukaryotes; absorb or ingest organic chemicals; may be motile…
85 terms
Microorganisms and Microbiology
the study of microorganisms (usually t…
Study of various taxonomic groups
Bacteriology (includes Eubacteria) & (…
Virology... Also Viroids and Prions*... * ac…
Microbiology
Scope
Bacteria
Viruses
the study of microorganisms (usually t…
Microbiology
Study of various taxonomic groups
Scope
60 terms
Microorganisms & Microbiology
evolution
which binomial system for classificati…
***Woese phylogeny looked at nucleotid…
phylogeny
the process of descent with modification which generates new…
Woese system (1980)... - 3 domains
rRNA... -all LIVING organisms have it
permits grouping of organisms based on the evolutionary lines…
evolution
the process of descent with modification which generates new…
which binomial system for classificati…
Woese system (1980)... - 3 domains
24 terms
Microbiology Microorganisms
Spirogyria... Domain- Eukarya... Category- P…
Amoeba... Domain- Eukarya... Category- Proti…
Euglena... Domain- Eukarya... Category- Prot…
Ulothrix... Domain- Eukarya... Category- Pro…
Spirogyria... Domain- Eukarya... Category- P…
Amoeba... Domain- Eukarya... Category- Proti…
105 terms
Microbiology: Microorganisms
Taxonomy
Classification
Nomenclature
Identification
Science of biological classification; consists of classificat…
Arrangement of organisms into groups based on mutual similari…
The assignment of names to taxonomic groups and members of gr…
The process of determining that a particular organism or isol…
Taxonomy
Science of biological classification; consists of classificat…
Classification
Arrangement of organisms into groups based on mutual similari…
11 terms
Microbiology Microorganisms
Escherichia coli
Staphylococcus aureus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Bacillus megaterium
Gram negative, facultative anaerobe, rod-shaped
Gram +ve, cocci, non-motile, tolerates high NaCl concentration
Gram -ve, aerobic, cocci-bacillus
Gram +ve, bacillus, spore forming, often found (linked) end t…
Escherichia coli
Gram negative, facultative anaerobe, rod-shaped
Staphylococcus aureus
Gram +ve, cocci, non-motile, tolerates high NaCl concentration
140 terms
Microorganisms & Microbiology
Basic aspects of microbiology tend to…
Applied aspects of microbiology tend t…
Medical microbiology studies microorga…
Four kinds of microorganisms that can…
discovery
solving specific problems & synthesizing commercial products
disease
Bacteria, Fungi, Parasite, & Viruses
Basic aspects of microbiology tend to…
discovery
Applied aspects of microbiology tend t…
solving specific problems & synthesizing commercial products
29 terms
Microorganisms and Microbiology
Outline
1.2 Microorganisms as Cells
Cell
Bacterial cell
1.1Microbiology... 1.2 Microorganisms as Cells... 1.3 Microoragnism…
Cell ... Bacterial cell... The Four Classes of Cellular Macromolecu…
The cell is a dynamic entity that forms the fundamental unit…
The cell has a barrier, the cytoplasmic membrane, that separa…
Outline
1.1Microbiology... 1.2 Microorganisms as Cells... 1.3 Microoragnism…
1.2 Microorganisms as Cells
Cell ... Bacterial cell... The Four Classes of Cellular Macromolecu…
33 terms
Microorganisms and Microbiology
Cell Wall
Chemolithotrophy
Communication
Cytoplasm
A rigid layer present outside the cytoplasmic membrane; it co…
A form of metabolism in which energy is generated from the ox…
Interactions between cells using chemical symbols
The fluid portion of a cell, bounded by the cytoplasmic membr…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer present outside the cytoplasmic membrane; it co…
Chemolithotrophy
A form of metabolism in which energy is generated from the ox…
Microorganisms & Microbiology
What is microbiology ?
Basic biological science
Applied Biological Science
Medical microbiology
study of microorganisms & they work... diversity and evolution o…
use of microbial cells to understand life
important for breakthrough in medicine, agriculture, & other…
studies what agents the disease
What is microbiology ?
study of microorganisms & they work... diversity and evolution o…
Basic biological science
use of microbial cells to understand life
51 terms
Microbiology- Microorganisms
Microbiology
Saprophyte
Cocci
Streptobacilli
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
an organism that obtains its nutrients from dead organisms
Spherical bacteria.
rod-shaped bacteria occurring in chains.
Microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Saprophyte
an organism that obtains its nutrients from dead organisms
70 terms
Microbiology Microorganisms
Acanthamoeba keritis
actomyces spp
amycolatopsis spp
Bacillus anthracis
- inflammation of cornea... - lives in water
produce spores
non-symbiotic N2 fixation
- bacillus... - positive... - Anthrax... - Robert Koch
Acanthamoeba keritis
- inflammation of cornea... - lives in water
actomyces spp
produce spores
85 terms
Microorganisms & Microbiology
Microbiology
Basic Biological Science
True
False
- is the study of microorganisms and how they work.... - is abou…
Microbiology can be studied as _________________.... ___________…
True or False?... Scientist use microbial cells to understand li…
True or False?... Unlike plants/animals, microbial cells can NOT…
Microbiology
- is the study of microorganisms and how they work.... - is abou…
Basic Biological Science
Microbiology can be studied as _________________.... ___________…
64 terms
Microorganisms and Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
microorganisms
cell
the study of all microorganisms
single-celled microscopic organisms and include the viruses,…
independent entities that carry out their life processes inde…
an entity isolated from other such entities by a membrane
microbiology
the study of all microorganisms
microorganisms
single-celled microscopic organisms and include the viruses,…
39 terms
Microorganisms & Microbiology
Influenza: 1918-1919 (Spanish flu)
Antigenic Shift
Smallpox
Black Plague
-more Americans died than were killed in WW1, WW2, Korean, an…
-viruses have protein coat (capsid) and outer coat antigens... -…
-one of the greatest killers... -10 million people killed in his…
-1/3 pop of Europe (25 mil) died during one epidemic (1346-50)
Influenza: 1918-1919 (Spanish flu)
-more Americans died than were killed in WW1, WW2, Korean, an…
Antigenic Shift
-viruses have protein coat (capsid) and outer coat antigens... -…
57 terms
Microorganisms and Microbiology
Which of the following statements is F…
2) Basic microbiology can be used to
3) Applied microbiology deals with imp…
4) The largest mass of living material…
C) Microbial cells include both bacteria and viruses.
D) probe the fundamental processes of life, study characteris…
D) medicine, agriculture, and industry.
microorganisms
Which of the following statements is F…
C) Microbial cells include both bacteria and viruses.
2) Basic microbiology can be used to
D) probe the fundamental processes of life, study characteris…
63 terms
microbiology: microorganisms
what are the general characteristics o…
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
what do both eukaryotes and prokaryote…
what do prokaryotes have that eukaryot…
single-celled members of Eubacteria and Archaea, prokaryotic
nucleus and organelles
ribosomes (prokaryotes have much smaller ribosomes)
cell walls (some eukaryotes do have cell walls though)
what are the general characteristics o…
single-celled members of Eubacteria and Archaea, prokaryotic
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
nucleus and organelles
36 terms
Microbiology microorganisms
What does Yersinia pestis cause?
What does Salmonella typhi cause?
What does Hemophilus cause?
What does Mycobacterium tuberculosis c…
Plague
Typhoid fever
Conjunctivitis
Tuberculosis
What does Yersinia pestis cause?
Plague
What does Salmonella typhi cause?
Typhoid fever
58 terms
microbiology: microorganisms
what are the general characteristics o…
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
what do both eukaryotes and prokaryote…
what do prokaryotes have that eukaryot…
single-celled members of Eubacteria and Archaea, prokaryotic
nucleus and organelles
ribosomes (prokaryotes have much smaller ribosomes)
cell walls (some eukaryotes do have cell walls though)
what are the general characteristics o…
single-celled members of Eubacteria and Archaea, prokaryotic
what do eukaryotes have that prokaryot…
nucleus and organelles
Microbiology - microorganisms
What is microbiology/
Where are microorganisms found?
What are positive influences of microo…
What are negative influences of microo…
The study of microorganisms that are too small to be seen
Everywhere. They are ubiquitous
They create vitamins, antibiotics, and are in food
They can destroy crops and can cause disease
What is microbiology/
The study of microorganisms that are too small to be seen
Where are microorganisms found?
Everywhere. They are ubiquitous
Microorganisms/microbiology
what is a prokaryote?
what are the two subgroups of cocci ba…
which type of bacteria has a cell wall…
how do bacteria reproduce?
one celled organism that does not have a true nucleus or memb…
staphylococcus ( clusters of spheres) and streptococci (chain…
gram negative
asexually
what is a prokaryote?
one celled organism that does not have a true nucleus or memb…
what are the two subgroups of cocci ba…
staphylococcus ( clusters of spheres) and streptococci (chain…
116 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms & Microbiology
Microbiology
How small are microorganisms
Scope of microbiology and the various…
bacteria taxonomy
the study of microorganisms and their activities... -usually too…
10^-6
1. bacteria... 2. viruses... 3. algae... 4. protozoa... 5. fungi
bacteriology... -includes eubacteria and archebacteria
Microbiology
the study of microorganisms and their activities... -usually too…
How small are microorganisms
10^-6
42 terms
Microbiology-The Evolution of Microorganisms and Microbiology
What is microbiology?
What are the two subunits of microbiol…
What are the 4 subunits of the cellula…
What are the 4 subunits of the acellul…
The study of microorganisms.
Cellular and acellular.
Fungi, protists, bacteria, and archaea.
Viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions.
What is microbiology?
The study of microorganisms.
What are the two subunits of microbiol…
Cellular and acellular.
36 terms
Microbiology:Microorganisms
Prokaryotes
What are the two domains of prokaryotes?
What differences do the two prokaryote…
What type of environment is bacteria f…
Have no nucleus,extra piece of dna,single circular chromosome
Archaea and eubacteria
Differences in ribosomes,cell walls,lipids in membranes,RNA,s…
In all environments
Prokaryotes
Have no nucleus,extra piece of dna,single circular chromosome
What are the two domains of prokaryotes?
Archaea and eubacteria
53 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
Microoganism
Cytoplasmic Membrane
Cytoplasm
Macromolecules
A microscopic organism consisting of a single cell or cell cl…
A permeability barrier that all cells have which separates th…
An aqueous mixture of macromolecules
Proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides - small…
Microoganism
A microscopic organism consisting of a single cell or cell cl…
Cytoplasmic Membrane
A permeability barrier that all cells have which separates th…
38 terms
Microbiology - Characteristics of Microorganisms
What are biological (organic) molecule…
What is the difference between a chrom…
Lipids (fat)
Protien
1) genetic material... 2) carbohydrates (sugars)... 3) proteins... 4)…
A chromosome is how the DNA is packed whereas a gene is small…
- make up the inner hydroPHOBIC cell membrane... - hydrophilic h…
- MAJOR component of bacterial cell wall!... Function:... - WORK (…
What are biological (organic) molecule…
1) genetic material... 2) carbohydrates (sugars)... 3) proteins... 4)…
What is the difference between a chrom…
A chromosome is how the DNA is packed whereas a gene is small…
11 terms
Chapter 1 - Microorganisms and Microbiology
What is the major function of the cyto…
What is the major function of the ribo…
What is the major function of the cell…
When did the origin of cellular life o…
-the permeability layer... -separates cytoplasm from outside
synthesize the cell's proteins
Structure
4 BYA
What is the major function of the cyto…
-the permeability layer... -separates cytoplasm from outside
What is the major function of the ribo…
synthesize the cell's proteins
68 terms
Microbiology chapter 10 Classification of Microorganisms.
Define taxonomy?
Define phylogeny?
Define taxon?
Discuss the limitations of a two-kingd…
This is the science of the classification of organisms, with…
Known as the evolutionary history of a group of organisms.
To show degrees of similarities among organisms.
Living organisms were categorized in just two ways, as either…
Define taxonomy?
This is the science of the classification of organisms, with…
Define phylogeny?
Known as the evolutionary history of a group of organisms.
28 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
cytoplasmic membrane
ribosome
nucleoid
quorum sensing
permeable barrier that separates the interior cytoplasm from…
cell's protein synthesizing structure
a group of closed, circular chromosomes
how microbial cells communicate with each other by responding…
cytoplasmic membrane
permeable barrier that separates the interior cytoplasm from…
ribosome
cell's protein synthesizing structure
23 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
Characteristics of Living Systems (6)
Microbial Communities
Habitat
Ecosystem
METABOLISM- chemical transformation of nutrients... REPRODUCTION…
Populations of interacting assemblages of microorganisms
Environment in which the microbial population lives
All living organisms plus physical and chemical constituents…
Characteristics of Living Systems (6)
METABOLISM- chemical transformation of nutrients... REPRODUCTION…
Microbial Communities
Populations of interacting assemblages of microorganisms
54 terms
microbiology -Prokaryotic microorganisms
The three domains
Eukarya
Bacteria
Archaea
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
contain all organisms which are comprised of Eukaryotic cells
contain procaryotic cells whose cell wall contains PG
Contain procaryotic cells whose wall don't not contain PG
The three domains
Bacteria, Archaea, Eukarya
Eukarya
contain all organisms which are comprised of Eukaryotic cells
18 terms
Microbiology lab microorganisms - bacteria and viruses
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Mycoplasma hominis
Rickettsia prowazekii
Rickettsia ricketsii
- common cause of mild pneumonia ... - latent, infection occurs…
- found in healthy mucous membranes ... - opportunistic infectio…
- epidemic typhus... - symptoms include high fever, rash, cough,…
- Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever... - carried by ticks... - symptoms…
Mycoplasma pneumoniae
- common cause of mild pneumonia ... - latent, infection occurs…
Mycoplasma hominis
- found in healthy mucous membranes ... - opportunistic infectio…
97 terms
Microbiology I - Microorganisms and disease
Infection
Contamination
Parasite that can invade and penetrate…
Organism that exists as part of the no…
What is the entry, establishment and multiplication of pathog…
What is the act of introducing disease germs or infectious ma…
What is a true pathogen?
What is an opportunist?
Infection
What is the entry, establishment and multiplication of pathog…
Contamination
What is the act of introducing disease germs or infectious ma…
75 terms
Microbio: 1 Microorganisms & Microbiology
activities
taxonomic
tools
Medical
Microbiology: the study of microorganisms and their _____.
Scope of microbiology: study of various ____ groups.... - Bacter…
Types of study:... - Form, structure, reproduction, biochemistry…
____ Microbiology: one of earliest: applied emphasis.
activities
Microbiology: the study of microorganisms and their _____.
taxonomic
Scope of microbiology: study of various ____ groups.... - Bacter…
28 terms
Microbiology (Microorganisms-Part II)
Francisella tularensis
Bacillus anthracis
Haemophilus influenza
Haemophilus aegyptius
- Rabbit fever... - Hunter's disease ... - Ulceroglandular form (di…
- Spore-forming... - Black Eschar ... - Three Types:... 1. Cutaneous…
- Main cause of meningitis of children under 4 years old... - X…
- Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)
Francisella tularensis
- Rabbit fever... - Hunter's disease ... - Ulceroglandular form (di…
Bacillus anthracis
- Spore-forming... - Black Eschar ... - Three Types:... 1. Cutaneous…
63 terms
Microbiology Chapter 6: Metabolism of Microorganisms
Anabolism
Anabolism
Anabolism
Anabolism
Build up of small molecules
Products are large Molecules
Photosynthesis
Endergonic (Energy In/ required)
Anabolism
Build up of small molecules
Anabolism
Products are large Molecules
26 terms
Lecture 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
Microbiology
Understanding basic life processes and…
Metabolism Growth and Evolution
Differentiation Communication Genetic…
What is the study of microscopic life?
What two themes is microbiology revolved around?
What properties do ALL cells have?
What properties do some cells have?
Microbiology
What is the study of microscopic life?
Understanding basic life processes and…
What two themes is microbiology revolved around?
18 terms
Microbiology chapter 14 microorganisms
Resident biota
Normal biota
Transient biota
Opportunist
The population of micro organisms on all human bodies that is…
...
Organisms that rest on our skin but are not well enough adapt…
Striking the results of a broken down immune system or from s…
Resident biota
The population of micro organisms on all human bodies that is…
Normal biota
...
23 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
cytoplasmic membrane
cell wall
6 characteristics of living systems
metabolism
barrier that separates the inside of the cell from the outsid…
present in most microbes, confers structural strength
1. metabolism... 2. reproduction... 3. differentiation ... 4. communic…
chemical transformation of nutrients
cytoplasmic membrane
barrier that separates the inside of the cell from the outsid…
cell wall
present in most microbes, confers structural strength
46 terms
Microbiology Exam 1 (Microorganisms)
2 Cell Types
3 Domains
6 Kingdoms
5 Kingdoms that Classify Biological Fo…
-Prokaryotic (no nucleus)... -Eukaryotic (nucleus)
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Eukarya
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Protists... -Fungi... -Plants... -Animals
-Monera ... -Protista... -Fungi... -Plantae... -Animalia
2 Cell Types
-Prokaryotic (no nucleus)... -Eukaryotic (nucleus)
3 Domains
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Eukarya
30 terms
Microbiology (Microorganisms-Part I)
Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus epidermidis
Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcus agalactiae
- Gram +... - Scalded Skin Syndrome... - Osteomyelitis ... - Endocardi…
- Urinary tract infections... - Opportunistic
- Streptococcus pharyngitis (Strep. Throat) ... - Scarlet fever…
- Pneumonia... - Meningitis... - 1% of newborn with infected mother…
Staphylococcus aureus
- Gram +... - Scalded Skin Syndrome... - Osteomyelitis ... - Endocardi…
Staphylococcus epidermidis
- Urinary tract infections... - Opportunistic
15 terms
Microbiology Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
Prokaryotes (Structure, Location, Size)
Eukaryotes (Structure, Location, Size)
Last Universal Common Ancestor
How were the domains separated?
Circular; Nucleoid; (E.coli 4.6x10^6 bp / 4,300 genes
Linear; Nucleus; 3.2x10^9 bp / 25,000 genes
Common ancestral cell from which all cells descended
Difference in RNA (bacteria, archaea, eukarya)
Prokaryotes (Structure, Location, Size)
Circular; Nucleoid; (E.coli 4.6x10^6 bp / 4,300 genes
Eukaryotes (Structure, Location, Size)
Linear; Nucleus; 3.2x10^9 bp / 25,000 genes
77 terms
CH 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
microbiology
scope
bacteriology
virology
the study of microorganisms and their activities
study of various taxonomic groups
study of bacteria, includes eubacteria and archaebacteria
study of viruses, including viroids and prions
microbiology
the study of microorganisms and their activities
scope
study of various taxonomic groups
15 terms
Chapter 1 Microorganisms and Microbiology
Microorganisms
Two interconnected themes of microbiol…
Cell
Metabolism
Single-celled microscopic organisms and include viruses. Micr…
1. Understanding he living world of microscopic organisms. 2.…
The fundamental unit of life.
Cells take up nutrients from the environment and transform th…
Microorganisms
Single-celled microscopic organisms and include viruses. Micr…
Two interconnected themes of microbiol…
1. Understanding he living world of microscopic organisms. 2.…
21 terms
Microbiology: The study of microorganisms
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
Mycology
Primitive, single-cell organisms
Small infectious agents that multiply within living cells
Yeasts and molds
Study of fungi
Bacteria
Primitive, single-cell organisms
Viruses
Small infectious agents that multiply within living cells
20 terms
Microbiology Lab Microorganism Structures
monotrichous
lophotrichous
amphitrichous
peritrichous
Single flagellum at one end; arrangement of Bacterium A
Small bunches arising at one end; arrangment of Bacterium B
Flagella at both ends of the cell; arrangement of Bacterium C
Flagella dispersed over most of the cell; arrangement of Bact…
monotrichous
Single flagellum at one end; arrangement of Bacterium A
lophotrichous
Small bunches arising at one end; arrangment of Bacterium B
49 terms
Chapter 1 Microorganisms and Microbiology
Two themes of microbiology
Importance of Microorganisms
Biogeochemical Cycles
Cytoplasmic (cell) membrane
1. Understanding basic life processes... 2. Applying that knowle…
-Oldest form of life... -Largest mass of living material on Eart…
cycles in which chemical elements and substances are transfer…
Barrier that separates the inside of the cell from the outsid…
Two themes of microbiology
1. Understanding basic life processes... 2. Applying that knowle…
Importance of Microorganisms
-Oldest form of life... -Largest mass of living material on Eart…
34 terms
Chapter 1: Microorganisms and Microbiology
Cell Wall
Chemolithotrophy
Communication
Cytoplasm
A rigid layer present outside the cytoplasmic membrane; it co…
A form of metabolism in which energy is generated from the ox…
Interactions between cells using chemical signals
The fluid portion of a cell, bounded by the cytoplasmic membr…
Cell Wall
A rigid layer present outside the cytoplasmic membrane; it co…
Chemolithotrophy
A form of metabolism in which energy is generated from the ox…
24 terms
General Microbiology: Microorganisms
yeast
fungi
virus
archaea
...
...
...
...
yeast
...
fungi
...
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