Study sets matching "microbiology midterm"

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Study sets matching "microbiology midterm"

30 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
10 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
Microbiology
Abiogenesis
Animalcules
Attenuate
Bacteria
Another name for spontaneous.
What early scientists called microorganisms.
To weaken pathogens to use to make a vaccine.
One of the several forms of disease causing microorganisms.
Abiogenesis
Another name for spontaneous.
Animalcules
What early scientists called microorganisms.
41 terms
MICROBIOLOGY
Microbiology
5 Divisions of microbiology
Bacteria
Binary fission
The science of micro organisms of and there effect on other l…
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria ... Mycology: the study of f…
A prokayotic one cell micro-organism of the kingdom monera ex…
Is a form of a sexual reproduction and cell division by all b…
Microbiology
The science of micro organisms of and there effect on other l…
5 Divisions of microbiology
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria ... Mycology: the study of f…
35 terms
Microbiology
capsid
lytic cycle
lysogenic cycle
virus
Outer protein coat of a virus
a viral reproductive cycle in which copies of a virus are mad…
A phage replication cycle in which the viral genome becomes i…
...
capsid
Outer protein coat of a virus
lytic cycle
a viral reproductive cycle in which copies of a virus are mad…
108 terms
Microbiology
Virus
No
capsid and genome
helical capsid
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
Can viruses grow on agar
What are the two components of a nucleocapsid
Virus
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
No
Can viruses grow on agar
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
microbe
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
An organism so small that it can only be seen with a microsco…
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
263 terms
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
42 terms
Microbiology
Cryptosporidium
Giardia
Entamoeba
Trichomonas
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
amoeba that invades colon (flask-shaped ulcer), bloody dysent…
protozoa, flagellated, foul green vaginal discharge, strawber…
Cryptosporidium
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
Giardia
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
203 terms
Microbiology
How do microbes affect us?
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Describe how microbial metabolism is d…
Name 3 ways microbes have spread throu…
Food, disease
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
Microbial metabolism refers to how a microbe obtains energy &…
- Leprosy during the crusades... - Black plague in Europe... - Napo…
How do microbes affect us?
Food, disease
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
Microbiology
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
This genus ferments glucose, reduces n…
Glucose fermentation
Enterobacteriaceae
Nonfermentative GNR
Vibrionaceae
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
Enterobacteriaceae
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
Nonfermentative GNR
30 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
20 terms
Microbiology
Coccus
Bacillus
What is Gram staining used for?
Why do we heat fix our sample to the s…
spherical cells
shaped like rods or cylinders
To categorize bacteria as gram positive or gram negative
To prevent the sample from washing off, preserve cell morphol…
Coccus
spherical cells
Bacillus
shaped like rods or cylinders
29 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Lyme's Disease
Influenza
West Nile
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
bacteria
virus
virus
Microbiology
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
Lyme's Disease
bacteria
Microbiology
microbiology
bacteria
fungi
parasite
the study of microbes
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
A kingdom of complex organisms that obtain energy by breaking…
An organism that feeds on a living host
microbiology
the study of microbes
bacteria
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
11 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
100 terms
Microbiology
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
Antagonism
Antibody
Antigen
an acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance (allerge…
mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one m…
glycoprotein substance developed by the body in response to,…
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
an acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance (allerge…
Antagonism
mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one m…
Microbiology
Staphlococcus
streptococcus
enterococcus
neisseria
g+c "clusters"
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
g+c "short chains"
g=dc coffee bean
Staphlococcus
g+c "clusters"
streptococcus
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
39 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Virus
Bacteria
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
An organism that causes disease.
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
Prokaryotic single-celled organisms.
Microbiology
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
25 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
Microbiology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote:
Microbe
Microbiology
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
microscopic organisms that exist as single cells or cell clus…
the study of microbes including their lives, features, and im…
Prokaryote
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
Eukaryote:
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
24 terms
Microbiology
algae
antibiotic
antibody
antimicrobial
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
any substance that destroys or weakens one or more kinds of m…
algae
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
antibiotic
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
50 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Examples of microbes...
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria are...
the study of small life
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
unicellular
Prokaryotic & unicellular
Microbiology
the study of small life
Examples of microbes...
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
91 terms
Microbiology
Folliculitis
Carbuncle
Furuncle
Impetigo (remember-2)
Bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus ... Signs/Sx- Pustle, inflammat…
Bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus ... Signs/Sx- Large, deep lesio…
Bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus ... Signs/Sx- Boils ... Spread- s…
Bacteria (2)- Staphylococcus aureus & Streptococcus pyogenes…
Folliculitis
Bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus ... Signs/Sx- Pustle, inflammat…
Carbuncle
Bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus ... Signs/Sx- Large, deep lesio…
5 terms
Microbiology
3 Gram Positive Cocci Bacteria
2 Gram Positive Rod Bacteria Spore for…
2 Gram Positive Rod Bacteria non-spore…
1 Gram Negative cocci
Streptococcus... Enterococcus... Staphylococcus
Bacillus... Clostridium
Listera... Corynebacterium
Neisseria Dipplococcus
3 Gram Positive Cocci Bacteria
Streptococcus... Enterococcus... Staphylococcus
2 Gram Positive Rod Bacteria Spore for…
Bacillus... Clostridium
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
30 terms
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
99 terms
microbiology
Koch's postulate 1
Koch's postulate 2
Koch's postulate 3
Koch's postulate 4
the microorganism must be present in all cases of the disease…
suspected microorganisms must be isolated and grown in pure c…
Same disease must result when isolated microorganism innocula…
Same microorganisms must be isolated again from diseased host
Koch's postulate 1
the microorganism must be present in all cases of the disease…
Koch's postulate 2
suspected microorganisms must be isolated and grown in pure c…
Microbiology
Carbon
Carbon
Chemohetertrophs get most of their car…
Chemoautotrophs and photoautotrophs de…
besides water, carbon is one of the most important requiremen…
structural backbone of living matter
the source of their energy-organic materials such as proteins…
carbon dioxide
Carbon
besides water, carbon is one of the most important requiremen…
Carbon
structural backbone of living matter
36 terms
Microbiology
microbiology includes the study of whi…
mycology is the study of which organis…
what are pathogenic bacteria
where are non-pathogenic bacteria found?
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
bacteria that cause harmful infections
environmental (including in soil), normal flora in the body
microbiology includes the study of whi…
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
mycology is the study of which organis…
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
microbiology
gram positive is what color
gram negative is what color
the first stain you place on your heat…
you want an isolated colony to emulsif…
purple
red
false
true
gram positive is what color
purple
gram negative is what color
red
5 terms
Microbiology
Bacterial Cell
General structure of the Bacterial Cell
Carl Woes
Acellular
-Capsule... -Cell wall... -Cytoplasmic membrane(cell/plasma ... -DNA c…
Developed classification of the three domains
Viruses and prions are acellular. They lack a cell membrane.
Bacterial Cell
General structure of the Bacterial Cell
-Capsule... -Cell wall... -Cytoplasmic membrane(cell/plasma ... -DNA c…
39 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
132 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Examples of microbes...
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria outnumber human cells
the study of small life
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
unicellular
10: 1
Microbiology
the study of small life
Examples of microbes...
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
Microbiology
Microbiology is the study of
Virusology
Bacteriology
Mycology
bacteria
The study of viruses
The study of bacteria
The study of Fungi
Microbiology is the study of
bacteria
Virusology
The study of viruses
263 terms
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
Microbiology
coccus
coccobacillus
vibrio
bacillus
coccus
coccobacillus
24 terms
Microbiology
What two mechanisms do extracellular b…
How do intracellular bacterium cause p…
What are the two receptors of innate i…
What is the hygeine theory?
1. Inflammation... 2. Toxins
1. Chronic infection that damages host tissue
1. PAMPS - on phagocytes... 2. TLR - on phagocytes and dendritic…
-Increased incidence of allergies, asthma, and autoimmunity m…
What two mechanisms do extracellular b…
1. Inflammation... 2. Toxins
How do intracellular bacterium cause p…
1. Chronic infection that damages host tissue
Microbiology
How do microbes infect us?
The first person to use repeated boili…
A labile bacterium is
What causes Brownian movement?
Food, disease
Tyndall
easily killed by boiling
microbes being bombarded by water or air molecules
How do microbes infect us?
Food, disease
The first person to use repeated boili…
Tyndall
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
Microbiology
CBC
UA or U/A
ABO
POL
Complete blood count
Urinalysis
The blood grouping system
Physician's office laboratory
CBC
Complete blood count
UA or U/A
Urinalysis
643 terms
microbiology
What is the charge on DNA?
What chemical component in the cell wa…
What is the chemical composition of th…
What is the bacterial structure that p…
Rigid support and protection against osmotic damage
teichoic acid
A sugar backbone with cross-linked peptide side chains
peptidoglycan
What is the charge on DNA?
Rigid support and protection against osmotic damage
What chemical component in the cell wa…
teichoic acid
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
217 terms
Microbiology
How are organisms classified?
What are the three processes of evolut…
What do minor genetic changes lead to…
How can natural selection be observed?
16sRNA - unique to each species but flanked by conserved sequ…
1. Generation of Diversity - cannot be observed, mutation fre…
Virulance... Host Range ... Drug Resistance
Phenotype changes... - Changes in virulance... - host range... - Drug…
How are organisms classified?
16sRNA - unique to each species but flanked by conserved sequ…
What are the three processes of evolut…
1. Generation of Diversity - cannot be observed, mutation fre…
Microbiology
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
Binomial Nomenclature
4 Important Human Pathogens
Bacteria
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungus... 4. Parasites
Unicellular Prokaryotic... • No nuclear membrane... • No mitochondr…
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Binomial Nomenclature
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
17 terms
Microbiology
Host
Infection
Pathogen
Primary Pathogen
Larger organism that supports the survival and growth of a sm…
A parasite growing and multiplying within or on a host. May o…
Any parasitic organism that causes infectious disease
Causes disease by direct interaction with healthy host
Host
Larger organism that supports the survival and growth of a sm…
Infection
A parasite growing and multiplying within or on a host. May o…
316 terms
Microbiology
active
naturally acquired passive
antiserum
antigen
Vaccines bring about a type of immunity referred to as
The type of immunity which is the result of placental transfe…
The serum derived from an animal that has been immunized to a…
A foreign protein, which when introduced into the body, excit…
active
Vaccines bring about a type of immunity referred to as
naturally acquired passive
The type of immunity which is the result of placental transfe…
Microbiology
microbiology
bacteriology
parasitology
virology
study of all small life - some not visible to the naked eye
the study of bacteria and prevention of disease they cause (C…
study of parasites
study of viruses
microbiology
study of all small life - some not visible to the naked eye
bacteriology
the study of bacteria and prevention of disease they cause (C…
113 terms
Microbiology
bright-field
electromagnetic spectrum
radio wave
microwave
what type of microscopes
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
electromagnetic waves with the longest wavelength, lowest fre…
Electromagnetic waves that have shorter wavelengths and highe…
bright-field
what type of microscopes
electromagnetic spectrum
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
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