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Study sets matching "microbiology midterm"

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Study sets matching "microbiology midterm"

10 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
20 terms
Microbiology
Coccus
Bacillus
What is Gram staining used for?
Why do we heat fix our sample to the s…
spherical cells
shaped like rods or cylinders
To categorize bacteria as gram positive or gram negative
To prevent the sample from washing off, preserve cell morphol…
Coccus
spherical cells
Bacillus
shaped like rods or cylinders
29 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Lyme's Disease
Influenza
West Nile
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
bacteria
virus
virus
Microbiology
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
Lyme's Disease
bacteria
12 terms
Microbiology
Abiogenesis
Animalcules
Attenuate
Bacteria
Another name for spontaneous.
What early scientists called microorganisms.
To weaken pathogens to use to make a vaccine.
One of the several forms of disease causing microorganisms.
Abiogenesis
Another name for spontaneous.
Animalcules
What early scientists called microorganisms.
30 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
39 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
48 terms
Microbiology
Staphlococcus
streptococcus
enterococcus
neisseria
g+c "clusters"
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
g+c "short chains"
g=dc coffee bean
Staphlococcus
g+c "clusters"
streptococcus
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
25 terms
microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
40 terms
Microbiology
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
This genus ferments glucose, reduces n…
Glucose fermentation
Enterobacteriaceae
Nonfermentative GNR
Vibrionaceae
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
Enterobacteriaceae
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
Nonfermentative GNR
27 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote:
Microbe
Microbiology
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
microscopic organisms that exist as single cells or cell clus…
the study of microbes including their lives, features, and im…
Prokaryote
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
Eukaryote:
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
41 terms
MICROBIOLOGY
Microbiology
5 Divisions of microbiology
Bacteria
Binary fission
The science of micro organisms of and there effect on other l…
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria ... Mycology: the study of f…
A prokayotic one cell micro-organism of the kingdom monera ex…
Is a form of a sexual reproduction and cell division by all b…
Microbiology
The science of micro organisms of and there effect on other l…
5 Divisions of microbiology
Bacteriology: the study of bacteria ... Mycology: the study of f…
25 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
263 terms
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
42 terms
Microbiology
Cryptosporidium
Giardia
Entamoeba
Trichomonas
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
amoeba that invades colon (flask-shaped ulcer), bloody dysent…
protozoa, flagellated, foul green vaginal discharge, strawber…
Cryptosporidium
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
Giardia
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
16 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Virus
Bacteria
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
An organism that causes disease.
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
Prokaryotic single-celled organisms.
Microbiology
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
203 terms
Microbiology
How do microbes affect us?
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Describe how microbial metabolism is d…
Name 3 ways microbes have spread throu…
Food, disease
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
Microbial metabolism refers to how a microbe obtains energy &…
- Leprosy during the crusades... - Black plague in Europe... - Napo…
How do microbes affect us?
Food, disease
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
30 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
35 terms
Microbiology
capsid
lytic cycle
lysogenic cycle
virus
Outer protein coat of a virus
a viral reproductive cycle in which copies of a virus are mad…
A phage replication cycle in which the viral genome becomes i…
...
capsid
Outer protein coat of a virus
lytic cycle
a viral reproductive cycle in which copies of a virus are mad…
108 terms
Microbiology
Virus
No
capsid and genome
helical capsid
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
Can viruses grow on agar
What are the two components of a nucleocapsid
Virus
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
No
Can viruses grow on agar
100 terms
Microbiology
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
Antagonism
Antibody
Antigen
an acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance (allerge…
mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one m…
glycoprotein substance developed by the body in response to,…
a foreign substance that stimulates the formation of antibodi…
Allergy (Hypersensitivity)
an acquired, abnormal immune response to a substance (allerge…
Antagonism
mutual opposition or contrary action. The inhibition of one m…
81 terms
Microbiology
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
Bacilli
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
30 terms
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
50 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Examples of microbes...
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria are...
the study of small life
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
unicellular
Prokaryotic & unicellular
Microbiology
the study of small life
Examples of microbes...
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
24 terms
Microbiology
algae
antibiotic
antibody
antimicrobial
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
A protein produced by some white blood cells to attack specif…
any substance that destroys or weakens one or more kinds of m…
algae
(singular, alga) - a plant-like (photosynthetic) member of th…
antibiotic
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without…
30 terms
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
36 terms
Microbiology
microbiology includes the study of whi…
mycology is the study of which organis…
what are pathogenic bacteria
where are non-pathogenic bacteria found?
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
bacteria that cause harmful infections
environmental (including in soil), normal flora in the body
microbiology includes the study of whi…
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
mycology is the study of which organis…
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
296 terms
Microbiology
CBC
UA or U/A
ABO
POL
Complete blood count
Urinalysis
The blood grouping system
Physician's office laboratory
CBC
Complete blood count
UA or U/A
Urinalysis
13 terms
Microbiology
Eyepiece
Arm
Body tube
Stage clips
contains the a 10X magnifying lens
supports the body tube which connects the eyepiece to the set…
connects the eyepiece to nosepiece
hold the microscope slide in place while viewing
Eyepiece
contains the a 10X magnifying lens
Arm
supports the body tube which connects the eyepiece to the set…
39 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
14 terms
Microbiology
Micro-organisms
Microbiology
Virus
Viruses
Small living things
Study of small living things
The smallest micro-organism
Parasites
Micro-organisms
Small living things
Microbiology
Study of small living things
24 terms
Microbiology
glucose
matter
energy
monomer
one example of a monomer carbohydrate
Everything that has mass and takes up space (everything excep…
Non-matter (heat, light, and sound)
A simple molecule that can bond together to form a polymer ch…
glucose
one example of a monomer carbohydrate
matter
Everything that has mass and takes up space (everything excep…
37 terms
Microbiology
parasite
bacteria
asexual reproduction
binary fission
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal…
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
parasite
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal…
bacteria
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
643 terms
microbiology
What is the charge on DNA?
What chemical component in the cell wa…
What is the chemical composition of th…
What is the bacterial structure that p…
Rigid support and protection against osmotic damage
teichoic acid
A sugar backbone with cross-linked peptide side chains
peptidoglycan
What is the charge on DNA?
Rigid support and protection against osmotic damage
What chemical component in the cell wa…
teichoic acid
38 terms
Microbiology
Amino acid
Antibody
Bacterium
Biotical agency
氨基酸
抗体
细菌
生物媒介
Amino acid
氨基酸
Antibody
抗体
11 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
553 terms
microbiology
definition of microbiology
list 5 types of microbes
what is the difference between a patho…
van Leeuwenhoek
The study of organisms too small to be seen with the unaided…
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa/protist, helminth
pathogen - 3% of all microbes - microbes that cause disease.…
the first scientist to observe living organisms with a micros…
definition of microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be seen with the unaided…
list 5 types of microbes
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa/protist, helminth
13 terms
Microbiology
coccus
coccobacillus
vibrio
bacillus
coccus
coccobacillus
134 terms
microbiology
what is antimicrobial chemotherapy
goal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
finding best drug
is there a perfect drug
the use of chemotherapeutic drigs to control infection
administer drug that destroys infective agent without harming…
1. what is toxic to pathogen and not host (selective toxicity…
no
what is antimicrobial chemotherapy
the use of chemotherapeutic drigs to control infection
goal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
administer drug that destroys infective agent without harming…
115 terms
Microbiology
maintain humidity
5-10 deg
cotton promotes bacterial growth
rayon swab
Why does an incubator have a heated water plate
What temperature range should an agar refrigerator be set at
Why are sterile cotton swabs not recommended for sample colle…
Which type of collection method should we use when obtaining…
maintain humidity
Why does an incubator have a heated water plate
5-10 deg
What temperature range should an agar refrigerator be set at
133 terms
Microbiology
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
Binomial Nomenclature
4 Important Human Pathogens
Bacteria
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungus... 4. Parasites
Unicellular Prokaryotic... • No nuclear membrane... • No mitochondr…
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Binomial Nomenclature
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
9 terms
Microbiology
Lipid bi-layer membrane
strepto-
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
lipopolysaccharide
a two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
Curved or twisted, chain like
a complex molecule containing both lipid and polysaccharide p…
Lipid bi-layer membrane
a two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
strepto-
Curved or twisted, chain like
79 terms
Microbiology
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Impetigo
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Reddening, wrinkling of skin, leads to large blisters contain…
Small, flattened, red patches, primarily on face and limbs. O…
Purple colored skin, pain is out of proportion with the amoun…
Non-itchy, spotted rash on trunk and appendages including pal…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Reddening, wrinkling of skin, leads to large blisters contain…
Impetigo
Small, flattened, red patches, primarily on face and limbs. O…
181 terms
Microbiology
biotechnology
ancient biotechnology
microbes produce a variety of foods
microbes produce a variety of products
is the use of living organisms (bacteria or yeasts) to do thi…
bread, wine and beer have been made for thousands of years
cheeses, sour cream, yogurt, bread, beer, wine, other alcohol…
antibiotics, steroids, vitamins, amino acids, enzymes, organi…
biotechnology
is the use of living organisms (bacteria or yeasts) to do thi…
ancient biotechnology
bread, wine and beer have been made for thousands of years
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
139 terms
Microbiology
What are the six steps to the scientif…
Start of universe
Origin of Earth
Anaerobic Prokaryotes
1. Observation ... 2. Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4.Prediction... 5. Exp…
15 Billion years ago
4.6 Billion years ago
3.5 Billion years ago
What are the six steps to the scientif…
1. Observation ... 2. Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4.Prediction... 5. Exp…
Start of universe
15 Billion years ago
37 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology is the study of
Virusology
Bacteriology
Mycology
bacteria
The study of viruses
The study of bacteria
The study of Fungi
Microbiology is the study of
bacteria
Virusology
The study of viruses
5 terms
Microbiology
Obligate aerobes
Obligate anaerobes
Facultative anaerobes
Microaerophiles
1. Obligate aerobes need oxygen because they cannot ferment o…
2. Obligate anaerobes are poisoned by oxygen, so they gather…
3. Facultative anaerobes can grow with or without oxygen beca…
4. Microaerophiles need oxygen because they cannot ferment or…
Obligate aerobes
1. Obligate aerobes need oxygen because they cannot ferment o…
Obligate anaerobes
2. Obligate anaerobes are poisoned by oxygen, so they gather…
65 terms
Microbiology
Staphylococcus aureus
Enterococcus faecalis
Emerging disease
Reemerging diseases
Golden staph... MSSA... MRSA
VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococcus)
Newly recognised in human host for the first time (for exampl…
Have previously infected humans but found in new locations, f…
Staphylococcus aureus
Golden staph... MSSA... MRSA
Enterococcus faecalis
VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococcus)
234 terms
Microbiology
Name two bacteria involved in nitrific…
Why respiration can occur in the absce…
Why the energy yield of fermentation i…
Four compunds that can be products of…
Nitrosomonas : oxidizying NH3> NH2-... Nitrobacter: oxidizying N…
because O2 is iften limiting or even totally absent in many m…
because fermentation does not have an external acceptor of el…
CO2, formate, lactic acid , ethanol, acetate
Name two bacteria involved in nitrific…
Nitrosomonas : oxidizying NH3> NH2-... Nitrobacter: oxidizying N…
Why respiration can occur in the absce…
because O2 is iften limiting or even totally absent in many m…
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