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Study sets matching "microbiology questions"

24 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Midterm exam science
anatomy
aborial
organisms
biology
study of an organism's shape and structure
living in trees
living organisms
the study of livings things
anatomy
study of an organism's shape and structure
aborial
living in trees
7 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Nervous system bacterial and viral disease
bacterial meningitis
leprosy
botulism
tetanus
bacteiral: neisseria menigitidis, strep pneumoniae, haemophil…
bacterial: mycobacterium leprae
bacterial: clostridium botulinum
clostridium tetani
bacterial meningitis
bacteiral: neisseria menigitidis, strep pneumoniae, haemophil…
leprosy
bacterial: mycobacterium leprae
16 termscreated on December 6, 2016
skin bacterial and viral diseases
folliculitis
staphlococcal scalded skin syndrome
impetigo and erysipelas
necrotizing fasciitis
bacterial: staph. aureus
bacterial: staph aureus
bacterial: staph aureus/strepto pyogenes
bacterial: strep. pyogenes
folliculitis
bacterial: staph. aureus
staphlococcal scalded skin syndrome
bacterial: staph aureus
20 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Final Study Guide for Microbiology MLT203 Baker College
tissue obtained at biopsy.
take care not to tip the container.
methylene blue.
are produced, packaged, shipped, and s…
An acceptable specimen for anaerobic culture is:
During specimen collection, an important thing to remember wh…
The indicator used to determine whether anaerobic conditions…
Prereduced, anaerobically sterilized (PRAS) media:
tissue obtained at biopsy.
An acceptable specimen for anaerobic culture is:
take care not to tip the container.
During specimen collection, an important thing to remember wh…
12 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Science-microbiology
Organism
Cell
Organelle
Eukaryote
A living thing, made up of cells.
Basic units of structure and function in all organisms
A structure inside a cellar that has a certain function
Organisms whose cells have a nucleus and organelles.
Organism
A living thing, made up of cells.
Cell
Basic units of structure and function in all organisms
57 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Anatomy Winter Final 2016
anterior view of anatomical man
distal
lateral
proximal
...
...
...
...
anterior view of anatomical man
...
distal
...
60 termscreated on December 6, 2016
La Science et La Technologie
la chimie
la physique
la biologie
la microbiologie
Chemistry
Physics
Biology
Microbiology
la chimie
Chemistry
la physique
Physics
36 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Lecture 13: Introduction to Medical Parasitology
1. Ascariasis... 2. Hookworm... 3. Trichuria…
Parasitism
Final/definitive host
Intermediate host
Top 3 parasitic infections
Relationship of two living organisms in which one benefits at…
Harbors the sexually mature parasite (adult worm or sexual st…
Harbors the immature or asexual stage of parasite
1. Ascariasis... 2. Hookworm... 3. Trichuria…
Top 3 parasitic infections
Parasitism
Relationship of two living organisms in which one benefits at…
17 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Final Exam Microbiology
First line of defense (innate, nonspec…
Second line of defense (innate, nonspe…
Third line of defense (acquired, speci…
Physical barriers
Any barrier that blocks invasion at portal of entry (inborn)
System of specialized cells and fluids that act rapidly
Is acquired after previous exposure, more long term defense
Mucous membranes- mucous coat prevents entry of microorganism…
First line of defense (innate, nonspec…
Any barrier that blocks invasion at portal of entry (inborn)
Second line of defense (innate, nonspe…
System of specialized cells and fluids that act rapidly
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Final Lab Practical
Addition of Kovac's reagent following…
*SIM Medium (agar deep)
*MR-VP Broth
*Simons Citrate slant
red
Detect Indole production... A positive result for either is char…
Detect "mixed acid fermentation" and the production of acetoin
Distinguish between fecal and non-fecal coliforms
Addition of Kovac's reagent following…
red
*SIM Medium (agar deep)
Detect Indole production... A positive result for either is char…
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology test review
Microbiology
Morphology
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Study of micro organisms/microbes
Structure,shape,features of organism
Has nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Simple and small cells that lacks nucleus and other membrane…
Microbiology
Study of micro organisms/microbes
Morphology
Structure,shape,features of organism
9 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Practice Exam 2
The difference between lactose ferment…
What color is phenol red in the presen…
Paramecium belongs to the phylum... a. A…
What is the fermentable carbohydrate i…
c. The carbohydrates
d. yellow
c. Ciliophora
c. glucose
The difference between lactose ferment…
c. The carbohydrates
What color is phenol red in the presen…
d. yellow
13 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Ch. 13 (Quiz 4)
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Meninges
Dura Mater
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Consists of 12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs of spinal ne…
3 collective layers that cover the brain and spinal cord to p…
Outermost membrane
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of 12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs of spinal ne…
32 termscreated on December 6, 2016
final exam vocab
dermatitis
furnuncl
folliculitis
carbuncle
inflammation of skin
localized pyogenic infectino of skin (also called boil)
inflammation of hair follicle
deep seated pyogenic infection of skin
dermatitis
inflammation of skin
furnuncl
localized pyogenic infectino of skin (also called boil)
7 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology - Membrane Related Structures and Locomotion
glycocalyx
capsules
slime layer
inclusions
secretions of sticky polysaccharides or proteins that coat mi…
organized structure COVALENTLY linked to cell wall; excludes…
loose structure easily washed off cell; does not exclude smal…
used to store molecules in a single layer of lipid membranes;…
glycocalyx
secretions of sticky polysaccharides or proteins that coat mi…
capsules
organized structure COVALENTLY linked to cell wall; excludes…
22 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology- Fungi 2
Entomopathogenic Fungi
Ophiocordyceps Unilaterlis
Plant fungal disease
Physical blockage of xylem, phloem ect…
Fungi that infect insects. Used in bio-control for pesticides.
Creates 'zombie ants'
1000's of fungi pathogenic to plants. 15% of plants in agricu…
Fungal growth
Entomopathogenic Fungi
Fungi that infect insects. Used in bio-control for pesticides.
Ophiocordyceps Unilaterlis
Creates 'zombie ants'
58 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Lab Exam
Par focal
Par centered
Total Magnification
Immersion Oil
an organism is focused on the low power objective.
an object is in the center of the field of view on a low powe…
ocular magnification X objective magnification=
has the same refractive index as our slide and lens. Preventi…
Par focal
an organism is focused on the low power objective.
Par centered
an object is in the center of the field of view on a low powe…
45 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology- Fungi
What are fungi?
Fungi Definition
Coenocytic
Asomycota
Moulds, Yeasts, Mushrooms, Toadstools.
Unicellular, multicellular or coenocytic. Heterotrophic and E…
1 cell with multiple nuclei
Definately fungi and are Sac fungi and produce non-motile spo…
What are fungi?
Moulds, Yeasts, Mushrooms, Toadstools.
Fungi Definition
Unicellular, multicellular or coenocytic. Heterotrophic and E…
32 termscreated on December 6, 2016
pti
renee descartes
francis bacon
robert boyle
nicholas copernicus
French philosopher, called for creation of new science based…
developed the scientific method
(1627-1691) Irish chemist who conducted experiments on gases…
He thought that the sun was the center & the plants went arou…
renee descartes
French philosopher, called for creation of new science based…
francis bacon
developed the scientific method
10 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Ex. 29 Microbiology of Milk
what is the most reliable indication o…
what do high counts of pathogens indic…
pasteurization
flash pasteurization method
bacterial count (standard plate count)
diseased cow, unsanitary handling conditions, or unfavorable…
method originally used to keep wine from souring... -used for tr…
product is heated to 72 C for 15 sec and cooled to 10 C
what is the most reliable indication o…
bacterial count (standard plate count)
what do high counts of pathogens indic…
diseased cow, unsanitary handling conditions, or unfavorable…
11 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Methods for Quantification
Fluorometric assays
High performance liquid chromatography…
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spec…
Competitive protein-binding assays
...
...
...
...
Fluorometric assays
...
High performance liquid chromatography…
...
66 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology: Chapter 9, 11, 12
genome
chromosome
gene
genotype
sum total of genetic material of an organism
discrete cellular structure composed of neatly packaged DNA m…
a segment of DNA that contains the necessary code to make a p…
the sum of all types of genes constituting an organism's dist…
genome
sum total of genetic material of an organism
chromosome
discrete cellular structure composed of neatly packaged DNA m…
18 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Mastering Practice Exam 2
After adding iodine to a starch plate,…
If two different tests can be done in…
What color is phenol red in the presen…
What is the fermentable carbohydrate i…
b. Starch has been hydrolyzed
b. False
b. yellow
d. glucose
After adding iodine to a starch plate,…
b. Starch has been hydrolyzed
If two different tests can be done in…
b. False
23 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Chapter 25
RNA Viruses
How are RNA viruses categorized?
Four Types of RNA viruses
Postive RNA is used by what to transla…
Only agents that store genetic information in RNA molecules
-Their genomic structure... -Presence of an envelope... -Size and s…
-Positive single-stranded RNA (+ssRNA)... -***Retroviruses (+ssR…
-Ribosome
RNA Viruses
Only agents that store genetic information in RNA molecules
How are RNA viruses categorized?
-Their genomic structure... -Presence of an envelope... -Size and s…
109 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Final exam chapters 18-23
Skin Defenses:... 1.... 2.
Acne-
Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcu…
Staphylococcus aureus-
Skin Defenses... 1. Keratinized outer layer, constant turnover,…
Acne - causative agent = Propionibacterium acnes, hair follic…
-Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes are two maj…
Staphylococcus aureus is also the causative agent of furncles…
Skin Defenses:... 1.... 2.
Skin Defenses... 1. Keratinized outer layer, constant turnover,…
Acne-
Acne - causative agent = Propionibacterium acnes, hair follic…
26 termscreated on December 6, 2016
microbiology 4
extremophiles
symbiosis
mycorrhizae
role of photoautotrophs in carbon cycle
live in extreme conditions ... - most are members of archaea ... -…
close association between 2 unlike organisms that is benefici…
relationship between plant roots and fungi that extend the ro…
fix co2 into organize matter using energy from sunlight
extremophiles
live in extreme conditions ... - most are members of archaea ... -…
symbiosis
close association between 2 unlike organisms that is benefici…
47 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Microbiology Exam 3 Chapter 18
Phylum
"Deep-Branching"
Aquificae and Thermotogae
Chloroflexi
Group of bacteria sharing a common ancestor that diverged ear…
Appear to have diverged the earliest from ancestral archaea a…
The most extreme bacterial hyperthromophiles .
Photoheterotrophic; moderately thermophilic. Green non sulfur…
Phylum
Group of bacteria sharing a common ancestor that diverged ear…
"Deep-Branching"
Appear to have diverged the earliest from ancestral archaea a…
29 termscreated on December 6, 2016
microbiology 3
vaccine
how a vaccine works
herd immunity
attenuated vaccines
suspension of organisms or fractions of organisms that induce…
- provokes a primary immune response ... - leads to formation of…
outbreaks are sporadic due to lack of susceptible individuals
- weakened pathogen... - closely mimic an actual infection... - con…
vaccine
suspension of organisms or fractions of organisms that induce…
how a vaccine works
- provokes a primary immune response ... - leads to formation of…
133 termscreated on December 6, 2016
BIO 265 FINAL EXAM Guide #2
A bacterium, virus, or other microorga…
It is the cause, set of causes, or man…
An abnormal state; any change from the…
Microorganisms that do not normally li…
Pathogen
Etiology
Disease
Transient Flora
A bacterium, virus, or other microorga…
Pathogen
It is the cause, set of causes, or man…
Etiology
33 termscreated on December 5, 2016
microbiology 2
cellular immunity
humoral immunity
cytokines
tumor necrosis factor
- produce T cells... - t cell receptors contact antigens causing…
- produces antibodies that combat antigens ... - fights invaders…
- chemical messengers produces in response to stimulus ... -inte…
involved in inflammation of diseases
cellular immunity
- produce T cells... - t cell receptors contact antigens causing…
humoral immunity
- produces antibodies that combat antigens ... - fights invaders…
49 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MBioS 101 Lab Final
Ignaz Semmelweis
puerperal sepsis
bleach
resident microbes
developed proper hand washing technique to prevent disease tr…
infection post childbirth
washing hands with this solution prior to examination and del…
microbes that work with the host's skin to protect and preven…
Ignaz Semmelweis
developed proper hand washing technique to prevent disease tr…
puerperal sepsis
infection post childbirth
53 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Test #4
addition of heat-stable DNA polymerase…
making it possible to clone humans
use of microorganisms to make desired…
microinjection
In the Southern blot technique, which of the following is NOT…
Which of the following is NOT a goal of recombinant DNA techn…
Biotechnology involves the... A)use of microorganisms to make d…
Which of the following techniques is NOT used to introduce re…
addition of heat-stable DNA polymerase…
In the Southern blot technique, which of the following is NOT…
making it possible to clone humans
Which of the following is NOT a goal of recombinant DNA techn…
27 termscreated on December 5, 2016
test 3- chapter 15
what are the 2 great defense mechanism…
T/F: 'normal' means non-pathogenic
what are 2 pathogens we have in and on…
where do colonization and infection fr…
1. successful colonizers ... 2. successful pathogens that can de…
false
1. S. progenies ... 2. S. aureus
at mucous membranes
what are the 2 great defense mechanism…
1. successful colonizers ... 2. successful pathogens that can de…
T/F: 'normal' means non-pathogenic
false
7 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology HIV and AIDS Review
HIV Transmission
Cellular Targets of HIV
Course of HIV Infection
HIV Immune Dysfunction
- primarily through sexual contact and infected blood... - effic…
- Retrovirus: RNA virus whose genome is reverse transcribed a…
- Three Phases:... 1. acute phage... 2. asymptomatic phase... 3. sympt…
- antibodies produced and T cells activated, but cannot contr…
HIV Transmission
- primarily through sexual contact and infected blood... - effic…
Cellular Targets of HIV
- Retrovirus: RNA virus whose genome is reverse transcribed a…
86 termscreated on December 5, 2016
BIO 265 FINAL EXAM Guide #1
1)Which of the following statements ab…
The symptoms of tetanus are due to... A.…
Siderophores are bacterial proteins th…
Gram negative septic shock results fro…
E
C
D
A
1)Which of the following statements ab…
E
The symptoms of tetanus are due to... A.…
C
40 termscreated on December 5, 2016
microbiology lecture 1
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
mucous membrane
lacrimal apparatus
defends anything, present at birth, rapid response, no memory…
resistance to specific pathogen, slower response, has a memor…
epithelial layer that lines respiratory and get tract, secret…
drains tears and washes eyes
innate immunity
defends anything, present at birth, rapid response, no memory…
adaptive immunity
resistance to specific pathogen, slower response, has a memor…
67 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Lab Final
Spectrophotometry
Turbidity
Low OD/A
High OD/A
Measure turbidity of a bacterial cultures using a spectrophot…
A measure of the light absorption by bacteria in a culture in…
High dilution = Low turbidity/bacterial concentration = light…
Low dilution = high turbidity/bacterial concentration = light…
Spectrophotometry
Measure turbidity of a bacterial cultures using a spectrophot…
Turbidity
A measure of the light absorption by bacteria in a culture in…
160 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Exam 5
Humans have species resistance to feli…
Tears contain which of the following a…
Which of the following is a way that a…
The skin and the mucous membranes are…
Human cells do not have the chemical receptors required for a…
lysozyme
They serve as chemotactic factors for leukocytes.
epithelial cells packed closely together
Humans have species resistance to feli…
Human cells do not have the chemical receptors required for a…
Tears contain which of the following a…
lysozyme
47 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Chapter 12 Fungi
How is fungus like humans?
What is the difficulty in treating inf…
Vegetative Structure
Fungal colonies are described as what…
Both have Eukaryotic cells that can go through mitosis & meio…
Because humans also have eukaryotic cells which could be harm…
Name for fungal colony (composed of cells involved in growth…
vegetative structures b/c they are composed of cells involved…
How is fungus like humans?
Both have Eukaryotic cells that can go through mitosis & meio…
What is the difficulty in treating inf…
Because humans also have eukaryotic cells which could be harm…
12 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Lab Final Phys Tests
McConkey Test
TSI Test
Citrate Test
SIM Test
PURPOSE: differentiate bacteria based on the ability to ferme…
PURPOSE: ... PRINCIPLE:... PROCEDURE:... RESULTS:
PURPOSE:... PRINCIPLE:... PROCEDURE:... RESULTS:
PURPOSE:... PRINCIPLE:... PROCUDRE:... RESUTLS:
McConkey Test
PURPOSE: differentiate bacteria based on the ability to ferme…
TSI Test
PURPOSE: ... PRINCIPLE:... PROCEDURE:... RESULTS:
66 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Test #3
are generally anabolic pathways.
both circular and found in a nucleoid
7 hours
riboswitches
Inducible operons ... A)are normally active. ... B)usually require…
The bacterial chromosome is ... A) found in a nucleoid.... B)usuall…
A microbiologist inoculates a growth medium with 100 bacteria…
Which of the following regulatory RNAs alter translation in r…
are generally anabolic pathways.
Inducible operons ... A)are normally active. ... B)usually require…
both circular and found in a nucleoid
The bacterial chromosome is ... A) found in a nucleoid.... B)usuall…
14 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Chapter 27
Extremophiles
Mycorrhizae
biogeochemical cycles
ammonification
Live in extreme:... pH... Salinity... Temperature
Fungi that has symbiotic relationship with plants... increases s…
recycling (oxidation and reduction) of chemical elements... Carb…
amino acids (-NH2) undergoes ammonification by proteolytic ba…
Extremophiles
Live in extreme:... pH... Salinity... Temperature
Mycorrhizae
Fungi that has symbiotic relationship with plants... increases s…
73 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Diseases of Skin and Wounds
foliculitis signs
Furuncles
carbuncles
foliculitis pathogen
pimple... called a sty when on eyelid base
spread of foliculitis
multiple furuncles grow together
staphylococcus epidermis ... staphylococcus aureus
foliculitis signs
pimple... called a sty when on eyelid base
Furuncles
spread of foliculitis
43 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Micro Antimicrobials (FINAL)
chemotherapy
antimicrobial drugs
antibiotic
selective toxicity
use of drugs/chemicals to treat a disease
interfere with growth of microbes within a host... -can be a dru…
substance produced by a microbe that, in small amounts, inhib…
a drug that kills harmful microbes without damaging the host…
chemotherapy
use of drugs/chemicals to treat a disease
antimicrobial drugs
interfere with growth of microbes within a host... -can be a dru…
27 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Infection of Blood and Skin Review
Circulatory System
Blood Infections (4)
Sepsis
Septic Shock
- an organ system that passes nutrients to and from cells in…
- Bacteremia... - Viremia... - Fungemia... - Parasitemia
- associated with inflammatory response to a pathogen (damage…
- severe sepsis with oxygen deprivation (multi-organ failure…
Circulatory System
- an organ system that passes nutrients to and from cells in…
Blood Infections (4)
- Bacteremia... - Viremia... - Fungemia... - Parasitemia
16 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology CNS Review
CNS Major Parts
Blood-brain Barrier
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cerebral Edema
- Brain... - Spinal cord... - both surrounded by 3 layers of conne…
- protect brain and spinal cord from the body... - protects agai…
- found in the subarachnoid space
- due to fluid in the brain
CNS Major Parts
- Brain... - Spinal cord... - both surrounded by 3 layers of conne…
Blood-brain Barrier
- protect brain and spinal cord from the body... - protects agai…
13 termscreated on December 5, 2016
test corrections for micro exam 3
DNA polymerase 1
relationship between generation time (…
pyruvate is a good example of
Chemoautotrophs
removal of Okazaki fragments from the lagging strand in DNA s…
g = 1/k
substrate level phosphorylation
use inorganic substances for energy... (ie. Ammonia, Hydrogen s…
DNA polymerase 1
removal of Okazaki fragments from the lagging strand in DNA s…
relationship between generation time (…
g = 1/k
14 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Ex 61
what test has been used for decades in…
the aerobic plate count of Grade A raw…
why does milk that contains large numb…
what can this lowered oxidation-reduct…
reductase test
- 1 x 10⁵ from an individual supplier... - 3 x 10⁵ for comingled…
this is due to the exhaustion of dissolved oxygen by microorg…
can be measured by the addition of methylene blue to a milk s…
what test has been used for decades in…
reductase test
the aerobic plate count of Grade A raw…
- 1 x 10⁵ from an individual supplier... - 3 x 10⁵ for comingled…
47 termscreated on December 5, 2016
diseases
2 organisms that are facultative intra…
pertusis
acute bronchitis
onchocerciasis
1. legionella pneumophila- walking pneumonia... 2. neissera gono…
incubation 1-3 weeks, no deep invasion, decrease ciliary acti…
mainly viruses- rhino, corono, adeno, mycoplasma pneumoniae?.…
nematode, once bite and grow mature nnematode in subQ, adults…
2 organisms that are facultative intra…
1. legionella pneumophila- walking pneumonia... 2. neissera gono…
pertusis
incubation 1-3 weeks, no deep invasion, decrease ciliary acti…
76 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Microbiology Final
microbiology
4 types of organism that are microscopic
why are viruses not considered to be a…
in what ways are microbes easy to study?
the study of living things too small to be seen by the naked…
1. bacteria ... 2.algae... 3.protozoa... 4.helminths
they are nonliving & must use the reproductive process of the…
1. They are ubiquitous (everywhere)... 2. they produce rapidly…
microbiology
the study of living things too small to be seen by the naked…
4 types of organism that are microscopic
1. bacteria ... 2.algae... 3.protozoa... 4.helminths
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