Study sets matching "microbiology questions"

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Study sets matching "microbiology questions"

6 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 10, Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
polymerase chain reaction
cloning
example of cloning
-modification of an organism's genetic makeup
-a method for quickly reproducing a particular sequence for D…
-placing a gene from one species into another to give it a ne…
-type 1 diabetic cannot produce insulin from pancreas... -take i…
genetic engineering
-modification of an organism's genetic makeup
polymerase chain reaction
-a method for quickly reproducing a particular sequence for D…
17 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 9, Microbial Genetics
DNA
gene
genotype
phenotype
-stores the genetic information of a cell
-a segment of DNA coding for a particular trait... -usually a pr…
-an organism's genetic makeup
-the traits of an organism that are expressed
DNA
-stores the genetic information of a cell
gene
-a segment of DNA coding for a particular trait... -usually a pr…
16 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 8, Microbial Metabolism
metabolism
enzymes
ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
breakdown of ATP
-all of the chemical reactions that take place within a cell
-organic catalysts that speed up chemical reactions but are n…
-"metabolic money"... -the cell energy molecule
ADP + PO4 + energy
metabolism
-all of the chemical reactions that take place within a cell
enzymes
-organic catalysts that speed up chemical reactions but are n…
21 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 7, Microbial Nutriton
necessary substances
metabolism
autotroph
heterotroph
-a carbon source... -a nitrogen source... -water!... -inorganic salts…
-all chemical reactions taking place within a microbe
-makes it own food (like a plant!)
-must eat living or dead organic matter
necessary substances
-a carbon source... -a nitrogen source... -water!... -inorganic salts…
metabolism
-all chemical reactions taking place within a microbe
22 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 4, Prokaryotic Cells
flagella
fimbriae
sex pili
glycocalyx
-for mobility
-for attachment to surfaces
-for exchange of genetic material between cells
-coating outside cell wall... -if thin, slime layer... -if thick, c…
flagella
-for mobility
fimbriae
-for attachment to surfaces
18 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Test 1; Chapter 3, Tools of the Lab
microscope
what lens must be used to observe bact…
eyepiece = ? magnification
oil immersion lens = ? magnification
-light... -eyepiece lens... -objective lens... -stage to place specimen
-oil immersion lens... 1000x magnification
10x
100x
microscope
-light... -eyepiece lens... -objective lens... -stage to place specimen
what lens must be used to observe bact…
-oil immersion lens... 1000x magnification
20 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Overview of Microbiology
Algae
Archaea
Bacteria
Biotechnology
Eukaryotic unicellular or multicellular photosynthetic organi…
In Woese's taxonomy, domain that includes all prokaryotic cel…
Prokaryotic microorganisms typically having cells walls compo…
Branch of microbiology in which microbes are manipulated to m…
Algae
Eukaryotic unicellular or multicellular photosynthetic organi…
Archaea
In Woese's taxonomy, domain that includes all prokaryotic cel…
35 termscreated on January 22, 2017
microbiology chapter 4
prokaryote
eukaryote
bacillus
coccus
one circular chromosome; no histones; bacteria:peptidoglycan…
polysaccharide cell walls;mitotic cell wall;paired chromosome…
rod shaped
spherical
prokaryote
one circular chromosome; no histones; bacteria:peptidoglycan…
eukaryote
polysaccharide cell walls;mitotic cell wall;paired chromosome…
12 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Lecture 5: Altered Cell Growth
Cytokines
Suppressor Genes
Telomeres
Neoplastic Growth
growth factor; regulate cell growth
Stop cell division; may promote apoptosis of damaged cells
ends of arm of chromosome; limit number of cell divisions
tumor growth; DISORDERED, PREOPERATIVE growth of tissue ; UNR…
Cytokines
growth factor; regulate cell growth
Suppressor Genes
Stop cell division; may promote apoptosis of damaged cells
22 termscreated on January 22, 2017
POSC 429 Quiz 1
Microbial Ecology of Foods
Microbiology
Food Microbiology
Prions
Study of microbial inhabitants and their interactions with th…
Study of small life
Microorganisms and biological forms associated with foods
Infective proteins
Microbial Ecology of Foods
Study of microbial inhabitants and their interactions with th…
Microbiology
Study of small life
13 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Micro-Straphylococcaceae
Macroscopic morphology
Microscopic morphology
Growth Requirements
Differential staining
the appearance of a colony on a plate medium, including haemo…
the appearance of gram stained organisms using X100 objective…
the ingredients that are required for an organism to grow and…
staining of the bacterial cell in order to see certain organi…
Macroscopic morphology
the appearance of a colony on a plate medium, including haemo…
Microscopic morphology
the appearance of gram stained organisms using X100 objective…
21 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Chapter 2: Chemical Principles
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Neutrons
Proton
Smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
Atoms are composed of caller parts called
Electrically neutral
One unit of positive charge
Atom
Smallest unit of matter that still retains the properties of…
Subatomic Particles
Atoms are composed of caller parts called
30 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Lecture 2
prokaryotes definition and domains
eukaryotes
cytoplasm - same
cytoplasm - different
organisms that have no nucleus ... domains" eubacteria and archa…
organisms with a well defined membrane bound nucleus ... domain:…
proks and elks have cytoplasm/cytosol (gel like stuff inside…
euks (organized) have cytoplasm with variety of membrane boun…
prokaryotes definition and domains
organisms that have no nucleus ... domains" eubacteria and archa…
eukaryotes
organisms with a well defined membrane bound nucleus ... domain:…
13 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Lecture 1 Notes
Microorganism
Types of Microorganisms (7)
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
One of a very diverse group of organisms typically too small…
Bacteria and Archaea: Prokaryotic cells... Fungi, Protozoa, and…
Prenucleus, or cell without a nucleus
True nucleus
Microorganism
One of a very diverse group of organisms typically too small…
Types of Microorganisms (7)
Bacteria and Archaea: Prokaryotic cells... Fungi, Protozoa, and…
8 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Unit 1
microbes include:
How are microbes named?
bacteria
prokaryotes include?
bacteria, fungi (yeasts and molds), protozoa, microscopic alg…
assigned two names -- first name is the genus and is always…
-unicellular organisms... -prokaryotes bc their genetic material…
both bacteria and archaea
microbes include:
bacteria, fungi (yeasts and molds), protozoa, microscopic alg…
How are microbes named?
assigned two names -- first name is the genus and is always…
13 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology SLCC Chapter 3
Resolution
Simple stain
Basic Dye
Differential stain
The ability to distinguish fine detail with a magnifying inst…
A method of staining microorganisms with a single basic dye.
A salt in which the color is in the positive ion; used for ba…
A stain that distinguishes objects on the basis of reactions…
Resolution
The ability to distinguish fine detail with a magnifying inst…
Simple stain
A method of staining microorganisms with a single basic dye.
10 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology - Chapter 2
Atom
Element
Subatomic Particles
Nucleus
Building blocks of matter
Pure substances made of one kind of atom
- Protons (+)... -Neutron ... -Electron (-)
Composed of protons and neutrons
Atom
Building blocks of matter
Element
Pure substances made of one kind of atom
16 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology study guide 1
Who is credited with first o serving c…
Who is credited with first observing m…
What does biogenesis refer to
If you were setting up an experiment t…
Robert Hook
Aton Van Leeuwenhoek
Living cells arise only from pre-existing living cells
Using astral liquid and eliminating exposure to microorganisms
Who is credited with first o serving c…
Robert Hook
Who is credited with first observing m…
Aton Van Leeuwenhoek
14 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Lecture 1
5 groupings of microbes
microbes are
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
animalcules
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, algae, virus
small living things generally things .2 to 15 micrometers in…
developed 1st microscope ... discovered microbial world
most likely protozoa
5 groupings of microbes
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, algae, virus
microbes are
small living things generally things .2 to 15 micrometers in…
29 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Lecture 1
Microbiology
Bacteria, algae, protazoa
Viruses
Helminths
The study of living things too small to be seen without magni…
Microorganisms include...
Can infect all living cells, parasitic... Assemblies of molecul…
Not microorganisms, but are classified as infectious because…
Microbiology
The study of living things too small to be seen without magni…
Bacteria, algae, protazoa
Microorganisms include...
14 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Water purification
Adsorption
Disinfection
Filtration
Sedimentation
Contaminants stick to the surface of granular or powdered act…
Chlorine chloramine chlorine dioxide ozone and UV radiation
Remove clothes so it's natural organic matter and precipitant…
Process that combined small particles into larger particles s…
Adsorption
Contaminants stick to the surface of granular or powdered act…
Disinfection
Chlorine chloramine chlorine dioxide ozone and UV radiation
54 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology lecture exam 1 jordan
Monera
Protista
Plantae
Fungi
Single cells, prokaryotic
Most single cells, eukaryotic
Multicellular, eukaryotic
Multicellular, eukaryotic
Monera
Single cells, prokaryotic
Protista
Most single cells, eukaryotic
52 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Mastering Microbiology Chapter 1
Which of the following are FALSE conce…
How was disproving spontaneous generat…
Which of the following represents the…
Consider an organism that is eukaryoti…
The primary role of microbes on the planet involves causing d…
Pasteur's experiments with swan-necked flasks supported the c…
Staphylococcus aureus
fungi
Which of the following are FALSE conce…
The primary role of microbes on the planet involves causing d…
How was disproving spontaneous generat…
Pasteur's experiments with swan-necked flasks supported the c…
39 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Mastering Microbiology Chapter 13
How does specialized transduction diff…
What happens to the packaged DNA of a…
How can specialized transduction contr…
Which of the following is true concern…
The prophage in specialized transduction carries with it piec…
The host DNA integrates, with the prophage, into the new reci…
The prophage takes an antibiotic resistance gene with it and…
During lysogeny, the viral genome integrates into the host DN…
How does specialized transduction diff…
The prophage in specialized transduction carries with it piec…
What happens to the packaged DNA of a…
The host DNA integrates, with the prophage, into the new reci…
9 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology
What is synovial fluid?
CSF
What does culture test for?
What does sensitivity test for?
Joint fluid
Cerebral spinal fluid
Bacteria
Which and how much antibiotics to use
What is synovial fluid?
Joint fluid
CSF
Cerebral spinal fluid
32 termscreated on January 22, 2017
General Bacteriology 1-3
2 examples of adhesins that bacteria use
virulence factors
5 routes of transmission
bacterial exotoxins
fimbriae and pili
those that allow an organism to become established in a host…
1) aerosol... 2) oral... 3) direct contact... 4) formite... 5) vector
protein, secreted, high potency, not pyrogenic, highly antige…
2 examples of adhesins that bacteria use
fimbriae and pili
virulence factors
those that allow an organism to become established in a host…
32 termscreated on January 22, 2017
A Brief History of Microbiology
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Animalcules
6 Categories of Microbes
Carolus Linnaeus
Began making and using simple microscopes. He launched microb…
Term meaning little animals. What Antoni van Leeuwenhoek call…
Fungi, Protozoa, Algae, Prokaryotes Small Animals and Viruses
developed taxonomic system for naming plants and animals and…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Began making and using simple microscopes. He launched microb…
Animalcules
Term meaning little animals. What Antoni van Leeuwenhoek call…
23 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Week 5 - Clinical Microbiology and immunology
Before Lab Diagnosis
Specimen collection
At the laboratory
Microscopy
clinical assessment... collection of appropriate specimen... Specim…
Swabs: eyes, ear, nose and throat... Fluids: blood, urine, sputu…
cross check details of request and specimen (DOB/name) with d…
Direct examination - unstained prep... Wet mount: usually faecal…
Before Lab Diagnosis
clinical assessment... collection of appropriate specimen... Specim…
Specimen collection
Swabs: eyes, ear, nose and throat... Fluids: blood, urine, sputu…
17 termscreated on January 22, 2017
C1Micro
Protozoans
Fungi
Multicellular Parasites
On the threshold of living & dead
Unicellular, motile, sexual/asexual
Unicellular, multicellular
Helminths
Viruses - host cell
Protozoans
Unicellular, motile, sexual/asexual
Fungi
Unicellular, multicellular
84 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Biology Midterm
Anatomy
Cytology
Histology
Mycology
study of structures of living things
study of cells
study of tissue
study of fungi
Anatomy
study of structures of living things
Cytology
study of cells
62 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Ch. 2 Important terms
Acute infection
Chronic infection
Subacute disease
Latent infection
infection in which symptoms develop rapidly; its course can b…
infection which symptoms develop gradually, over weeks or mon…
infection in which symptoms take longer to develop than in an…
a type of infection that may occur after an acute episode; th…
Acute infection
infection in which symptoms develop rapidly; its course can b…
Chronic infection
infection which symptoms develop gradually, over weeks or mon…
99 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Test 1
major immune system functions
poison ivy
viruses
bacteria
-protection from invading microorganisms... -many foreign substa…
give an example of a foreign substance that induces an immune…
-obligate intracellular parasites... -infections are always in…
infections may be intracellular or extracellular (TB, strepto…
major immune system functions
-protection from invading microorganisms... -many foreign substa…
poison ivy
give an example of a foreign substance that induces an immune…
86 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Micro 205-Ch 2 Learning Objectives
microbiology
microbe
pathogen
symbiosis
The study of microbes and thd microbial world
the oldest form of life on earth; microscopic single-called o…
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause dis…
an interaction between two organisms that is usually to the a…
microbiology
The study of microbes and thd microbial world
microbe
the oldest form of life on earth; microscopic single-called o…
28 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Chapter 2 -- Chemical Principles
chemistry
atom
electrons
protons
the study of interactions between atoms and molecules
the smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactio…
negatively charged particles
positively charged particles
chemistry
the study of interactions between atoms and molecules
atom
the smallest unit of matter that enters into chemical reactio…
13 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Chapter 1
Algae (p.)
Antibiotics
Archaea
Bacteria
A photosynthetic eukaryote; may be unicellular, filamentous,…
An antimicrobial agent, usually produced naturally by a bacte…
Domain of prokaryotic cells lacking peptidoglycan; one of thr…
Domain of prokaryotic organisms, characterized by peptidoglyc…
Algae (p.)
A photosynthetic eukaryote; may be unicellular, filamentous,…
Antibiotics
An antimicrobial agent, usually produced naturally by a bacte…
6 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Micro: Chapter 3 and 4 Archaea and Bacteria
Components External to Cell Wall... • G__…
Glycocalyx: Capsules and Slime Layers…
Glycocalyx... : _____ colonies have capsu…
Functions of Glycocalyx... • _______ to s…
• Glycocalyx... => capsules... => slimy... - Archaea... - Bacteria, Archaea
• organized, removed... • diffuse, unorganized, removed
: smooth... : rough
• Attachment... • Biofilm... • host's defenses... • dehydration/UV lig…
Components External to Cell Wall... • G__…
• Glycocalyx... => capsules... => slimy... - Archaea... - Bacteria, Archaea
Glycocalyx: Capsules and Slime Layers…
• organized, removed... • diffuse, unorganized, removed
21 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Office Lab & Microbiology (chapter 45) Comp MA Ross Medical
MRSA
PPE
Microbiology
Safety
is an organism resistant to antibiotics
To protect oneself from accidental exposure to a bloodborne p…
Study of living organisms
OSHA is a government agency responsible for the ______ of emp…
MRSA
is an organism resistant to antibiotics
PPE
To protect oneself from accidental exposure to a bloodborne p…
35 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Virus intro
what type of virus is HIV
viruses do not grow outside of the ___…
viruses are the most common cause of _…
viruses can instruct host cell _____ a…
retrovirus
cell... can't survive without the host cell, so not considere…
acute
genetic and metabolic
what type of virus is HIV
retrovirus
viruses do not grow outside of the ___…
cell... can't survive without the host cell, so not considere…
12 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Chapter 2
Characteristics of Bacteria
Characteristics of Archaea
Characteristics of Fungi
Characteristics of Viruses
-Cell walls that contain peptidoglycan... -Drive nutrition from…
-Found in extreme environments... -Not typically associated with…
-Eukaryotic... -Can be unicellular or multicellular
-Cannot survive outside a host cell... -Can be seen only with an…
Characteristics of Bacteria
-Cell walls that contain peptidoglycan... -Drive nutrition from…
Characteristics of Archaea
-Found in extreme environments... -Not typically associated with…
65 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Chap 1 Summary
Microorganisms are _____ that are esse…
As a science, _____ has its basic and…
Like houses, _____ are constructed of…
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells diffe…
single-celled microscopic organisms
microbiology
cells
cellular architecture... organism's characteristics... genome
Microorganisms are _____ that are esse…
single-celled microscopic organisms
As a science, _____ has its basic and…
microbiology
57 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MWSU Microbiology Quiz 1 study guide
phytophankton
prochlorocococcus
ecotype
biosphere
which are floating communities of cyanobacteria and Eukaryoti…
are organism responsible for almost 50% of photosynthesis
a subgroup of species that has special characteristics to sur…
part of the earth including the air,soil,and water, where lif…
phytophankton
which are floating communities of cyanobacteria and Eukaryoti…
prochlorocococcus
are organism responsible for almost 50% of photosynthesis
36 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Micro unit 1
prokaryote
eukaryote
virus
microbiology
all bacteria ... no Nucleus... 70s ribosomes... binary fission= divi…
nucleus... ribosomes are 80s... complex structure ... organelles... fun…
obligate parasistes, tiny, classified by DNA/RNA, classified…
study of living things too small to be seen without magnifica…
prokaryote
all bacteria ... no Nucleus... 70s ribosomes... binary fission= divi…
eukaryote
nucleus... ribosomes are 80s... complex structure ... organelles... fun…
34 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MICROBIOLOGY LAB: Quiz 1 - Lab 1 & 2
iris diaphragm
condenser
coarse adjustment
fine adjustment
regulates amount of light entering condenser and passing thro…
produces a cone of light that illuminates the object
used to obtain the initial rough focus;... can be safely used on…
used to obtain sharp focus
iris diaphragm
regulates amount of light entering condenser and passing thro…
condenser
produces a cone of light that illuminates the object
31 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Week 1 Lab Safety Cont. Phlebotomy & Specimens
2 primary causes of lab accidents
OSHA
Standards that OSHA regulates
"Universal Precautions"
Unsafe acts / behaviour... Unsafe environmental / working condit…
Occupational Safety & Health Act - goal is to provide all emp…
bloodborne pathogens, formaldehyde std., Lab std., Haz / Com…
"everyone has cooties"... Approach to infection control that pre…
2 primary causes of lab accidents
Unsafe acts / behaviour... Unsafe environmental / working condit…
OSHA
Occupational Safety & Health Act - goal is to provide all emp…
28 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Midterm study guide (vocab)
Active site
Active transport
Agar
Algae
A region on an enzyme that interacts with the substrate.
Net movement of a substance across a membrane against a conce…
A complex polysaccharide derived from a marine alga and used…
A photosynthetic eukaryote, may be unicellular, filamentous,…
Active site
A region on an enzyme that interacts with the substrate.
Active transport
Net movement of a substance across a membrane against a conce…
22 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Chpt 3
capsule
chemotaxis
cytoplasmic membrane
endospore
...
...
...
...
capsule
...
chemotaxis
...
55 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology Lab Quiz 1
all bacteria require a source of these…
bacteria have these elements in trace…
chemically defined media
minimal media
carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen
magnesium and iron
precisely defined chemicals
contains the exact nutrients needed for growth and nothing ex…
all bacteria require a source of these…
carbon, nitrogen, phosphorous, sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen
bacteria have these elements in trace…
magnesium and iron
6 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Departments/Tube Colors
Blood Culture Bottles
(Light) Blue Top
Red Top
Green Top
Microbiology
Coagulation
Serology
Chemistry
Blood Culture Bottles
Microbiology
(Light) Blue Top
Coagulation
35 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Microbiology
Antony Van Leeuwnhoek
Robert Hooke
Francesco Redi
Louis Pasteur
invented the microscope... called microorganisms 'animalcules' (…
also credited w/ discovery of microbes and the microscopes... 'm…
Disproved theory of spontaneous generation... ... did this by sh…
provided further evidence to disprove the theory... also discove…
Antony Van Leeuwnhoek
invented the microscope... called microorganisms 'animalcules' (…
Robert Hooke
also credited w/ discovery of microbes and the microscopes... 'm…
49 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Exam #1
Why are Microbes so essential to life?
Cell Type classification:
Domain classification:
Bacterial Division classification:
They, most importantly, facilitate carbon and nitrogen cycles…
Whether or not they have a nucleus, prokaryotes do not and eu…
classified by having ribosomal DNA in common, discovered and…
determined by cell wall presence, Gram + is with thick peptid…
Why are Microbes so essential to life?
They, most importantly, facilitate carbon and nitrogen cycles…
Cell Type classification:
Whether or not they have a nucleus, prokaryotes do not and eu…
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