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Study sets matching "microbiology quiz introduction"

30 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Nucleolus
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
117 terms
Introduction Microbiology
Microbiology
microbes include:
pathogens
nonpathogens
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
microorganisms that cause disease
microorganisms that do not cause disease
Microbiology
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
microbes include:
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
45 terms
Microbiology Introduction
eukaryotes vs prokaryotes
fMet
Tetracycline
β-lactam Antibiotics
formylated methionine... in bacterial mRNA translation only
inhibits the function of the bacterial 30S Ribosome
act on the bacterial cell wall (peptidoglycan)
eukaryotes vs prokaryotes
fMet
formylated methionine... in bacterial mRNA translation only
47 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
All living organisms are classified as…
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleu…
Unicellular microbes that lack a true…
microorganisms are classified as:
eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Fungi... Protozoa... Algae... Bacteria... Archaea... Viruses
All living organisms are classified as…
eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Organisms whose cells contain a nucleu…
Eukaryotes
41 terms
Introduction to microbiology
Vectors
Bloodbourne
Airborne
Direct or Indirect Contact
bites by infected insects, dogs, cats rodents
Transfusions, kidney dialysis, injections
Dust particles and spores in the air, droplets from sneezing
Touching, kissing, Shaking hands, sexual intercourse
Vectors
bites by infected insects, dogs, cats rodents
Bloodbourne
Transfusions, kidney dialysis, injections
26 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Variolation
Lady Mary Wortley Montague
Dr.Jenner
Start of spontaneous generation debate. Saw small "animals" i…
Started in the 10th century in China. Exposed healthy people…
Brought variolation to England in 1740 and later America. Pra…
Used cowpox lesion to vaccinate James Phipps, then inoculated…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Start of spontaneous generation debate. Saw small "animals" i…
Variolation
Started in the 10th century in China. Exposed healthy people…
45 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
What theory did Louis Pasteur create?
Robert Koch, through research, created…
What is a pathogen?
Nosocomial infection
The Germ Theory of disease which states that some infectious…
-1. The pathogenic microorganism must be present in every cas…
Biologic agent that can cause disease
Infection acquired at a hospital or clinic
What theory did Louis Pasteur create?
The Germ Theory of disease which states that some infectious…
Robert Koch, through research, created…
-1. The pathogenic microorganism must be present in every cas…
Introduction to Microbiology
Fungi
Protozoa
Bacteria
Virus
Eukaryotic cells which possess a rigid cell wall of chitin an…
Unicellular eukaryotes, have flagella for movement, found in…
Prokaryotic cells, with no nucleus or membrane-bound organell…
Sub-microscopic, intracellular parasite. Not a cell - no nucl…
Fungi
Eukaryotic cells which possess a rigid cell wall of chitin an…
Protozoa
Unicellular eukaryotes, have flagella for movement, found in…
137 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Reported that living things were made…
Discovered plant cells
Used the first compound microscope
Described live organisms that he obser…
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Reported that living things were made…
Robert Hooke
Discovered plant cells
Robert Hooke
10 terms
Microbiology Introduction
5 basic groups of microorganisms
Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells (3)
Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells
Prokaryotic Cell Kingdom
1. Bacteria... 2. Viruses... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoans... 5. Some types o…
1. No Nucleus... 2. 1 circular chromosome... 3. No mitosis
1. Nucleus... 2. More than I linear chromosome... 3. Mitosis
Monera
5 basic groups of microorganisms
1. Bacteria... 2. Viruses... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoans... 5. Some types o…
Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells (3)
1. No Nucleus... 2. 1 circular chromosome... 3. No mitosis
117 terms
Introduction Microbiology
Microbiology
microbes include:
pathogens
nonpathogens
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
microorganisms that cause disease
microorganisms that do not cause disease
Microbiology
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
microbes include:
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
117 terms
Introduction Microbiology
Microbiology
microbes include:
pathogens
nonpathogens
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
microorganisms that cause disease
microorganisms that do not cause disease
Microbiology
is the study of small living organisms called microorganisms…
microbes include:
viruses... bacteria... archaeans... protozoa... fungi... few algae
11 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Bacteria Size
General Information Chart
Shapes
Gram-Staining
Small size relative to surface area, permits rapid and fast m…
Bacilli: rods... Cocci: spherical... Spirilla: spirals.
Postive: thick cell well, retains blue-purple dye. Some antib…
Bacteria Size
Small size relative to surface area, permits rapid and fast m…
General Information Chart
25 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
koch postulates
Virus
Unit that makes viruses protein coat
viroids
contain nucleic acid (RNA/DNA) core wrapped in protein coat
capsomeres
plant pathogen
koch postulates
Virus
contain nucleic acid (RNA/DNA) core wrapped in protein coat
30 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Nucleolus
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
35 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Bacteria
Virus
Bacteriophage
Protazoa
Unicellular... Prokaryotic (Lacks nucleus)
Acellular... Simple structure... Capsid-protein coat... Nucleic acid -…
The term is derived from "bacteria" and the Greek: phagein, "…
Unicellular... Eukaryotic... The terms protozoa and protozoans are…
Bacteria
Unicellular... Prokaryotic (Lacks nucleus)
Virus
Acellular... Simple structure... Capsid-protein coat... Nucleic acid -…
24 terms
Microbiology: introduction
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Human Microbiome
Recycling, Bioremediation, vitamin syn…
Study of microorganism
Organisms to small to see with the naked eye
Protects us from disease by competing with disease causing ba…
Role of microorganism,
Microbiology
Study of microorganism
Microorganisms
Organisms to small to see with the naked eye
90 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Pathogen
Spontaneous generation
Biogenesis
Cell theory
Something that causes disease
The theory that live could arise from inanimate matter such a…
The theory (Louis Pasteur) that living things only come from…
Three parts: All known living things are made up of one or mo…
Pathogen
Something that causes disease
Spontaneous generation
The theory that live could arise from inanimate matter such a…
42 terms
Microbiology - Introduction
Ways microbiology is used
Fermented food
Dietary Supplements
Food additives
84% - ecological functions ... 10% - associated w animals ... 5% -…
Earliest use of microorganisms by humans. Microorganisms feed…
Yeast (fungi). Directly eaten by humans.
Xanthan gum - bacterial chemical product usually found in "lo…
Ways microbiology is used
84% - ecological functions ... 10% - associated w animals ... 5% -…
Fermented food
Earliest use of microorganisms by humans. Microorganisms feed…
Introduction to Microbiology
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
Mitochondria
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Called the powerhouse of the cell. Where a cell get's all it'…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells only. DNA is found here as well as…
Nucleolus
Inside of the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
61 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Gram-Staining
Gram-Staining Exceptions
Serotyping
Biotyping
1. Crystal violet... 2. Iodine precipitates stain... 3. Acetone-bas…
Bacteria that are starved or treated with antibiotics (degrad…
Using Ab to detect characteristics Ag on bacteria that are to…
Disting bacteria based on metabolic activites
Gram-Staining
1. Crystal violet... 2. Iodine precipitates stain... 3. Acetone-bas…
Gram-Staining Exceptions
Bacteria that are starved or treated with antibiotics (degrad…
20 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Virus Characteristics
Viroid Characteristics
Prion Characteristics
periplasmic space
obligate intracellular agents, consist of either DNA or RNA,…
obligate intracellular agents, consist only of RNA, no protei…
abnormal form of a cellular protein, consist only of protein,…
located between the inner and outer membranes
Virus Characteristics
obligate intracellular agents, consist of either DNA or RNA,…
Viroid Characteristics
obligate intracellular agents, consist only of RNA, no protei…
Microbiology: Introduction
Types of Microorganisms
Bacteria
Algae
Fungi
1. Bacteria... 2. Fungi... 3. Protozoa... 4. Algae... 5. Viruses
- Single celled organisms... - Prokaryotes... - 3 shapes: Spherical…
- Single-celled microorganisms... - Eukaryotic... - Nucleus and mem…
- Single-celled microorganisms (yeasts) or multicellular micr…
Types of Microorganisms
1. Bacteria... 2. Fungi... 3. Protozoa... 4. Algae... 5. Viruses
Bacteria
- Single celled organisms... - Prokaryotes... - 3 shapes: Spherical…
17 terms
Microbiology: Introduction
Microscopic
Macroscopic
False they're non-living nucleic acids
Nucleic acids
Requires a microscope to be seen
Can be seen by the unaided eye
True or False? Viruses are a living organism
DNA and RNA
Microscopic
Requires a microscope to be seen
Macroscopic
Can be seen by the unaided eye
6 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Procaryotes
Divisions of Procaryotes
Fungi and Protozoa features
Viruses features
A bacteria that lack the true nucleus, and have a simpler int…
Eu-bacteria and Archaebacteria
Unicellular and eukaryotic
replicate only withing living cells
Procaryotes
A bacteria that lack the true nucleus, and have a simpler int…
Divisions of Procaryotes
Eu-bacteria and Archaebacteria
26 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Prokaryotes (Bacteria)
Prokaryotes (Archaea)
Eukaryotes
Region 1 Growth
peptidoglycan cell walls, binary fission, no nuclear membrane…
lack peptidoglycan, no nuclear membrane, live in extreme envi…
chitin cell walls, membrane organelles or nuclear envelope, u…
lag phase, microbes are adjusting to the new substrate
Prokaryotes (Bacteria)
peptidoglycan cell walls, binary fission, no nuclear membrane…
Prokaryotes (Archaea)
lack peptidoglycan, no nuclear membrane, live in extreme envi…
Introduction to Microbiology
Microbiology
Domain Bacteria
Domain Archaea
Domain Eukarya
the study of the biology of microorganisms
unicellular, have a cell wall made up from peptidoglycan (str…
unique rRNA sequence, lack peptidoglycan in cell walls, have…
cellular; protists, larger than Bacteria and Archaea, have al…
Microbiology
the study of the biology of microorganisms
Domain Bacteria
unicellular, have a cell wall made up from peptidoglycan (str…
49 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Microorganism
Microbe
Taxonomic System
(1632-1723) First discovered the microbial world through the…
An organism too small to be seen without a microscope
An organism or virus too small to be seen without a microscope
A system for naming plants and animals and grouping similar a…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
(1632-1723) First discovered the microbial world through the…
Microorganism
An organism too small to be seen without a microscope
25 terms
Microbiology--Introduction
Archaea
Bacteria
Fungi
Protozoa
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
prokaryotes, have cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, no nuc…
are eukaryotes whose cells have a distinct nucleus containing…
are unicellular eukaryotic microbes, they move by pseudopods,…
Archaea
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls that d…
Bacteria
prokaryotes, have cell membrane, cytoplasm, ribosomes, no nuc…
17 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Microbiology
Includes
Father of the microscope
Proposed spontaneous generation
biology of organisms that cannot been seen with the naked eye
viruses... bacteria... archea... algae... fungi... protozoa... helminths
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek... -came up with animalcules
Aristotle... def: living things can arise from nonliving matter
Microbiology
biology of organisms that cannot been seen with the naked eye
Includes
viruses... bacteria... archea... algae... fungi... protozoa... helminths
22 terms
introduction to microbiology
science of microbiology
domain Eukarya
what is microbiology?
basic science of micro
understanding basic life processes and applying them to human…
protists, fungi
study of microorganisms. Studies: viriods, prions, virusoids,…
physiology... genetics... systematics... biochemistry... virology
science of microbiology
understanding basic life processes and applying them to human…
domain Eukarya
protists, fungi
13 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Edward Jenner
Louis Pasteur
Joseph Lister
disproved the spontaneous generation theory using swan neck f…
credited with the creation of the first vaccines, after inocu…
disproved the spontaneous generation theory using swan neck f…
Founder of the aseptic technique; introduced the use of rubbe…
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
disproved the spontaneous generation theory using swan neck f…
Edward Jenner
credited with the creation of the first vaccines, after inocu…
68 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Ignaz Semmelweis
Louis Pasteur
Joseph Lister
"father of microbiology," described 3 general shapes of bacte…
first advocate of handwashing between patients to prevent spr…
"father of bacteriology," disproved abiogenesis, produced ear…
developed first aseptic technique, skin asepsis, instrument d…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
"father of microbiology," described 3 general shapes of bacte…
Ignaz Semmelweis
first advocate of handwashing between patients to prevent spr…
36 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Cell Theory
Representation of microorganism
Spontaneous Generation Theory/Theory o…
Opposed Spontaneous Theory by growth o…
Robert Hooke
Antoni von Leeuwenhoek
Aristotle
Francesco Redi
Cell Theory
Robert Hooke
Representation of microorganism
Antoni von Leeuwenhoek
34 terms
introduction to microbiology
Microbiology
Bacteria
Algae
Protozoa
study of small life
-bacteriology... -unicellular life worms without nuclei... ex: stap…
-phycology... -unicellular photosynthetic plants... ex: green algae…
-protozoalogy... -unicellular animals... ex: amoeba, paramecia, dys…
Microbiology
study of small life
Bacteria
-bacteriology... -unicellular life worms without nuclei... ex: stap…
62 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Define microbiology.
Are all microbes pathogenic?
What are positive roles of microbes?
What are the three main kingdoms of li…
The study of living things that cannot be seen without magnif…
No only 1% cause disease
Production of drugs like penicillin, food industry for cheese…
Bacteria, archaea, Eukarya
Define microbiology.
The study of living things that cannot be seen without magnif…
Are all microbes pathogenic?
No only 1% cause disease
26 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
microbiology
two aspects of microbiology
positive impacts of microorganisms
negative impacts of microorganisms
the study of biology of microorganisms... includes the study of…
-understanding basic life processes (basic science)... -applying…
carry out major processes for biogeochemical cycle (nitrogen,…
cause many human and animal diseases ... cause most plant diseas…
microbiology
the study of biology of microorganisms... includes the study of…
two aspects of microbiology
-understanding basic life processes (basic science)... -applying…
186 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
What are all living things composed of?
Divisions of the Microbial World
Three Different Domains
Domain
Cells
Organisms... - Bacteria ... - Archaea ... - Eukarya ... *Acellular Inf…
- bacteria ... - archaea ... - eukarya
- a collection of similar kingdom ... - names are italicized wi…
What are all living things composed of?
Cells
Divisions of the Microbial World
Organisms... - Bacteria ... - Archaea ... - Eukarya ... *Acellular Inf…
15 terms
Microbiology Introduction
Microbiology
Why are microbes important...
Prokaryotic microorganisms
Bacteria
Study of microorganisms too small to be observed with naked e…
They have killed billions (1918 Flu epidemic, Smallpox, Typhu…
Lack internal membranes and organelles
Unicellular and very small... ... - Simple cell structure compared…
Microbiology
Study of microorganisms too small to be observed with naked e…
Why are microbes important...
They have killed billions (1918 Flu epidemic, Smallpox, Typhu…
41 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Robert Hooke
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
Francesco Redi
Lazzaro Spallanzini
improved the design and capabilities of the compound light mi…
Father of Microscopy, first to observe live bacteria and prot…
First to challenge spontaneous theory
Discovered experiments to disprove abiogenesis
Robert Hooke
improved the design and capabilities of the compound light mi…
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek
Father of Microscopy, first to observe live bacteria and prot…
18 terms
Introduction (Microbiology)
Why is the oral cavity a desirable pla…
What enzymes does saliva contain that…
What is the shift in microbial species…
How do teeth provide a surface for bac…
-Moisture and residual food make it hospitable... -Oral cavity
-Lysozyme that cuts glycosidic linkages in peptidoglycan... -Lac…
-Shift to more anaerobes... -Colonize crevices between teeth and…
-Glycoprotein film from saliva covers teeth and then streptoc…
Why is the oral cavity a desirable pla…
-Moisture and residual food make it hospitable... -Oral cavity
What enzymes does saliva contain that…
-Lysozyme that cuts glycosidic linkages in peptidoglycan... -Lac…
18 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Microbiology:
Role of microorganisms
Human Microbiome
Pathogens
• Study of microscopic organisms... • Microorganisms: organisms…
• Photosynthetic microbes are the base of the food... chains of…
• Found on and inside our bodies... • Protect us from disease by…
• Microbes that cause disease... • Only a small number of microb…
Microbiology:
• Study of microscopic organisms... • Microorganisms: organisms…
Role of microorganisms
• Photosynthetic microbes are the base of the food... chains of…
29 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Lag phase
Stationary phase
3.5-3.8 Million years ago
2.5-3 Million years ago
a period before the start where the bacteria adjust to the me…
at the peak of the growth phase where the number of bacteria…
first fossils of microorganisms
cyanobacteria and O2 producing photosynthesis
Lag phase
a period before the start where the bacteria adjust to the me…
Stationary phase
at the peak of the growth phase where the number of bacteria…
28 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
microbiology
acellular entities
cellular entities
types of eukaryotes (4)
the study of the biology of microorganisms/entities
viruses, virusoids, viroids, prions
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
PLACE A FLOWER HERE... protoza... many algae... some fungi... helminthe l…
microbiology
the study of the biology of microorganisms/entities
acellular entities
viruses, virusoids, viroids, prions
14 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Domain Bacteria
Microbiology
Domain Archaea
Viruses
single celled entities; majority have a cell wall with peptid…
the study of the biology of microorganisms
unique RNA sequence than Domain Bacteria; lack peptidoglycan…
smallest of all microbes; requires a host cell to replicate;…
Domain Bacteria
single celled entities; majority have a cell wall with peptid…
Microbiology
the study of the biology of microorganisms
17 terms
Introduction to Medical Microbiology
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
Family, genus, and species.
Class, genus, and species.
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for bacteria?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for fungi?
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
79 terms
Microbiology Introduction
What is microbiology?
Non-pathogens
Pathogens
Opportunistic Pathogens
The study of function and structure of microbs.
DO NOT produce disease
Do produce disease
An organism that is not normally harmful but can be pathogeni…
What is microbiology?
The study of function and structure of microbs.
Non-pathogens
DO NOT produce disease
545 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
What is microbiology good for?
T/F: Microbiology is an independent sc…
Why is microbes' versatility and abili…
Microbiology is
Can be used to create medicines (like insulin), adhesives, an…
FALSE- We need to apply creative multi-disciplinary thinking…
They can change metabolism, adapt to various environments, cr…
the study of organisms too small to be seen with the human eye
What is microbiology good for?
Can be used to create medicines (like insulin), adhesives, an…
T/F: Microbiology is an independent sc…
FALSE- We need to apply creative multi-disciplinary thinking…
35 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Microbiology
Living Entities
Non-living Enties
Anton Van Leewenhoek
a branch of biology that deals with the study of very small l…
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, algae
viruses, prions, viroids
Father of bacteriology and protozoology
Microbiology
a branch of biology that deals with the study of very small l…
Living Entities
bacteria, fungi, protozoa, algae
12 terms
Introduction to Microbiology
Microorganism
Microbiology
Microorganism include
Where are Microorganisms found?
A microscopic organism that comprises either a single cell (u…
The study of microorganisms.
Fungi, algae, protozoa
All parts of the biosphere where there is liquid water
Microorganism
A microscopic organism that comprises either a single cell (u…
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms.
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