Study sets matching "microbiology tissue infection"

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Study sets matching "microbiology tissue infection"

170 terms
Microbiology - Organ & tissue infections
HAVCR-1, TIM-1
Liver cells, T-cells
Exocytosis
Structure of receptor
Hepatitis A virus binds to this receptor. Also, what is its s…
Hepatitis A virus binds to these two types of cells
Mode of release of hepatitis A virus
The severity of disease in hepatitis A virus varies between p…
HAVCR-1, TIM-1
Hepatitis A virus binds to this receptor. Also, what is its s…
Liver cells, T-cells
Hepatitis A virus binds to these two types of cells
Microbiology Postmidterm Organ and Tissue Infections
ORGAN AND TISSUE INFECTIONS
Liver Viruses
Hepatitis A structure
Hepatits A RNA
...
Hep A-GG and TT... Yellow Fever... HHV 1, 3, 4, 5... Rubella
Small... Icosahedral ... Naked
ss+RNA*** (Class IVa)
ORGAN AND TISSUE INFECTIONS
...
Liver Viruses
Hep A-GG and TT... Yellow Fever... HHV 1, 3, 4, 5... Rubella
Skin and Soft Tissue Infections - Pathogenic Microbiology
Normal Flora
Natural Defense Mechanisms
Encounter
Cutaneous Infections
- Streptococcus epidermidis and other coagulase negative stap…
Integrity... Dryness... Salt... pH... Temperature... Lipids
- cuts... - abrasions... - bites... - wound... - skin diseases (i.e., ecz…
- very common... - largely caused by either S.aureus and Group A…
Normal Flora
- Streptococcus epidermidis and other coagulase negative stap…
Natural Defense Mechanisms
Integrity... Dryness... Salt... pH... Temperature... Lipids
120 terms
Microbiology Block 4 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
superficial skin infections in
exogenous penetration infections
desquamation
skin as a barrier bc
hair follicles
spindters
bacteria is shed as keratinocytes slough
acidity of skin... low moisture content of skin... normal flora... imm…
superficial skin infections in
hair follicles
exogenous penetration infections
spindters
Microbiology Test 3 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections
skin is the largest organ of the human…
3 layers of the skin
dermis contains
subcutaneous layer contains
2 m^2
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
blood and lymph vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, and ne…
collagen and fat
skin is the largest organ of the human…
2 m^2
3 layers of the skin
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
Microbiology 5- GPC: Skin and Soft tissue Infections
Why do you want to cool down the swab
Do all bacterias grow at the same rate?
Cocci has two types, they are?
Virulence factors?
so that none of the bacteria grows in transit. you want the s…
no that is why it is important to keep the swab cool
Pathogenic staphyl and strep
Adhesions: for binding to host tissue (colonisation)... Immune…
Why do you want to cool down the swab
so that none of the bacteria grows in transit. you want the s…
Do all bacterias grow at the same rate?
no that is why it is important to keep the swab cool
60 terms
Microbiology/Infection
Infection
Injury
Disease
microorganisms
an organism that invades the body to make someone sick
harm or damage to someone
a disorder of a structure or function that affects an organis…
living organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye
Infection
an organism that invades the body to make someone sick
Injury
harm or damage to someone
129 terms
Microbiology/Infection
What type of infection is measles?
What type of infection is orbital cell…
What is a helminth?
What are bacteria?
Viral infection
Bacterial infection... due to to Streptococcus pyogenes
Parasitic worm... Eukaryotic
- Prokaryotic, DNA,... - Soil, water,plants, animals, including…
What type of infection is measles?
Viral infection
What type of infection is orbital cell…
Bacterial infection... due to to Streptococcus pyogenes
Microbiology (infection)
Active (Hep B.)
Passive (tuberculosis)
Intermittent (herpes)
Convalescent
someone who had the disease, completely recovered, but still…
never got sick, contracted organism but never got sick, can s…
sometimes they pass it on, and sometimes you cant
well on the way to recovery (measuls)
Active (Hep B.)
someone who had the disease, completely recovered, but still…
Passive (tuberculosis)
never got sick, contracted organism but never got sick, can s…
13 terms
Microbiology & Infection
Strepto-
Staph0-
Culture medium
Capsule/slime layer
Chain of bacteria
Cluster of bacteria
Provides required nutrients for specific microbes
Found on some bacteria, outside cell wall, interferes with ph…
Strepto-
Chain of bacteria
Staph0-
Cluster of bacteria
21 terms
Microbiology: Exam 2 Lecture 1: Skin and soft tissue infections
Secondary Primary (organisms capable o…
Folliculitis
Acne Vulgaris
Furuncle Staphylococcal Carbuncle
Skin and soft tissues can be divided into three main categori…
One type of cutaneous infection is ______. This is a minor in…
One type of cutaneous infection is ______ _____. It involves…
One type of cutaneous infection is a ______. These are small…
Secondary Primary (organisms capable o…
Skin and soft tissues can be divided into three main categori…
Folliculitis
One type of cutaneous infection is ______. This is a minor in…
SGU Microbiology L63-68 Organ Tissue Infections
post-Kala-azar dermal ______ is part o…
The 3 parasites that infect the liver…
The type of plasmodium that causes a b…
Name 4 infectious agents involved in g…
Answer - Leishmaniasis
Answer... Toxoplasmosis, Laishmania, Entamoeba
Answer - Falciparum
Answer - Coxiella Burnetii, Brucella spp, Myobacteria, Histop…
post-Kala-azar dermal ______ is part o…
Answer - Leishmaniasis
The 3 parasites that infect the liver…
Answer... Toxoplasmosis, Laishmania, Entamoeba
Microbiology - Infections
virulence factors of microbes
Sa
skin as route of entry
warts
fimbriae, exotoxins, plasmids, flagella, capsular antigens
many virulence factors including protein A, coagulase +, cata…
allows virus, bacteria, fungi, helminths, fungi, and protozoa…
caused by a papilloma virus spread from person to person. is…
virulence factors of microbes
fimbriae, exotoxins, plasmids, flagella, capsular antigens
Sa
many virulence factors including protein A, coagulase +, cata…
68 terms
Microbiology and infection
What type of organism lives in or on t…
What type of organism is capable of ca…
What type of organism has the ability…
When an organism takes up residence in…
Commensual
Pathogen
Virulent
Colonisation
What type of organism lives in or on t…
Commensual
What type of organism is capable of ca…
Pathogen
10 terms
Microbiology and Infection
Microbiology
Disease
Bacteria
Four categories of potentially harmful…
Study of micro organisms
Any departure from a normal state of health
Single-celled microorganisms capable of taking plant and anim…
Bacteria, fungi (vegetable parasite), animal parasite, viruses
Microbiology
Study of micro organisms
Disease
Any departure from a normal state of health
Microbiology & infection control
Pus
Local Infection
Active Stage
Inactive Stage
This is a sign of infection.
This infection stays in a particular spot on the body and has…
Warm, dark, damp, dirty places describe this stage.
Clean, disinfected, cold places are best for this stage.
Pus
This is a sign of infection.
Local Infection
This infection stays in a particular spot on the body and has…
Infection - Microbiology of oral infection.
1)Whenever possible, the identity of t…
bactericidal antibiotics
Bacteriostatic antibiotics
Antibiotics should be given only when…
Principles of the use of antibiotics
actually destroys the bacteria by attacking the cell wall of…
These actions do not allow the bacteria to replicate certain…
When not to give antibiotics
1)Whenever possible, the identity of t…
Principles of the use of antibiotics
bactericidal antibiotics
actually destroys the bacteria by attacking the cell wall of…
159 terms
Microbiology Infections
Pinkeye... Symptoms
Pinkeye... Causative Agent
Sinusitis... Symptoms
Sinusitis... Causative Agent
Increased tears and redness of the conjunctiva, Swelling eyel…
Haemophilus influenza, or Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pain and pressure (Generally localized to involved sinus), Te…
Haemophilus influenza, or Streptococcus pneumoniae
Pinkeye... Symptoms
Increased tears and redness of the conjunctiva, Swelling eyel…
Pinkeye... Causative Agent
Haemophilus influenza, or Streptococcus pneumoniae
Microbiology infection
Staph/ impetigo G(+/-)
Strep/ Necrotizing fascilitis G(+)
Smallpox
Chickenpox/ Shingles
Staphylococcus epidermis, S. aureus
Streptococcus Pyoegenes
Variola virus
Varicella-zoster virus
Staph/ impetigo G(+/-)
Staphylococcus epidermis, S. aureus
Strep/ Necrotizing fascilitis G(+)
Streptococcus Pyoegenes
25 terms
Microbiology and infection
Immunocompromised
Opportunistic infections
5 mechanisms of action of antibiotics
3 Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance
alteration of phagocytic, cellular, or humoral immunity that…
an infection by a microorganism that normally does not cause…
1. Interference will cell wall synthesis... 2.Protein synthesis…
1. Antibiotic degrading enzyme (Beta - lactamase for penicill…
Immunocompromised
alteration of phagocytic, cellular, or humoral immunity that…
Opportunistic infections
an infection by a microorganism that normally does not cause…
119 terms
infection and diseases microbiology
Normal biota ... ( dont harm the host)
invasion of normal sterile regions of…
lungs and respiratory
gi tract fungi=
Large and diverse collection of microbes living on and in the…
infection and disease
can have normal biota
candida... entamoeba
Normal biota ... ( dont harm the host)
Large and diverse collection of microbes living on and in the…
invasion of normal sterile regions of…
infection and disease
Microbiology - infections
Infections
Condition of the host
Virulence
Virulence factors
As a persons age increases the risk of illness from infection…
Determines whether an infection will happen or not
the ability of the pathogen to cause an infection. The more V…
Tools that allow organisms to invade the host and cause infec…
Infections
As a persons age increases the risk of illness from infection…
Condition of the host
Determines whether an infection will happen or not
51 terms
Microbiology and infection
Chain of Infection (6)
Infectious agent
Reserviours
Portal of exit
Infectious agent, resoviours, portal of exit, means of transm…
What is the bacteria
Where the agent grows and develops
How it escapes the host
Chain of Infection (6)
Infectious agent, resoviours, portal of exit, means of transm…
Infectious agent
What is the bacteria
113 terms
Fundamentals: Infection & Tissue Integrity
Infection
Infection may be caused by:
Infection short
Discuss the elements in the chain of i…
the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
the result of local cellular injury caused by competitive met…
the invasion of a susceptible host by pathogens or microorgan…
Infectious agent: bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa ... Reservoi…
Infection
the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tis…
Infection may be caused by:
the result of local cellular injury caused by competitive met…
93 terms
Microbiology Infection Control Test
Koch's first postulate
Koch's second postulate
Koch's third postulate
Koch's fourth postulate
The suspected organism must be constantly associated with the…
The organism must be isolated from an infected plant or patie…
When a healthy susceptible host is inoculated with the pathog…
the same pathogen must be re-isolated from plants or animals…
Koch's first postulate
The suspected organism must be constantly associated with the…
Koch's second postulate
The organism must be isolated from an infected plant or patie…
Microbiology - infections
Community acquired pneumonia (common p…
Atypical CAPs (pneumonia)
Nosocomial pneumonia
Coxiella burnetii
Haemophilus influenzae... Moraxella cattarhalis... Streptococcus pn…
Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Legionella pneumophilae... Chlamydophila p…
Staphylococcus aureus... Pseudomonas aeruginosa... Rx: cefotaxime/c…
Q fever (from domestic animals)... Can lead to culture-neg endoc…
Community acquired pneumonia (common p…
Haemophilus influenzae... Moraxella cattarhalis... Streptococcus pn…
Atypical CAPs (pneumonia)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae... Legionella pneumophilae... Chlamydophila p…
Microbiology Infections
Streptococcal Phaygitis
Scarlet Fever (Part of Sore Throat)
Quincy (Part of Sore Throat)
Acute glomerulonephritis (Part of Sore…
Symptoms: difficultly swallowing, fever, red throat w/ pus, e…
Cryogenic toxin enter blood stream, causes redness of skin an…
Painful abscess forms around one of tonsils
Immune complexes are deposited in the glomeruli, provoke an i…
Streptococcal Phaygitis
Symptoms: difficultly swallowing, fever, red throat w/ pus, e…
Scarlet Fever (Part of Sore Throat)
Cryogenic toxin enter blood stream, causes redness of skin an…
12 terms
Microbiology infections
Treated with penicillin
Sporeforming
Non spore forming
Coliform
Anthrax, neissria Meningitides, pneumonia
Tetanus, botulism
Tuberculosis, streptococcus pyogenes
E.coli , typhoid fever
Treated with penicillin
Anthrax, neissria Meningitides, pneumonia
Sporeforming
Tetanus, botulism
Microbiology Infections
Thallus
Hyphae
Septum
Aerial Mycelium
Body of a mold
Filaments of a mold
Divides one cell from another in a mold
Extends above the media in which the mold is growing
Thallus
Body of a mold
Hyphae
Filaments of a mold
41 terms
Microbiology Infections
Impetigo
Erysipallis
Cellulitis
Rocky mountain spotted fever (RMSF)
-rash developes on lower extrimity or face where they form ho…
-Honey colored resicles and pustules but thicker skin coverin…
-Deep Skin Infection... -Symptoms: Red swollen skin & dry, mimic…
-Spread by tick... -Causes: Rickettsia Rickettsii... -Symptoms: fev…
Impetigo
-rash developes on lower extrimity or face where they form ho…
Erysipallis
-Honey colored resicles and pustules but thicker skin coverin…
70 terms
Microbiology infections
Staph aureus
Coagulase negative Staph
Staph saprophyticus
Strep pyogenes - BHSA
Skin and wound - impetigo: pus filled lesions, food poisoning…
commensal - part of normal flora of skin, must be considered…
considered pathogenic in urine samples from sexually active f…
Pharyngitis - strep throat, Impetigo, Erysipelas, Scarlet fev…
Staph aureus
Skin and wound - impetigo: pus filled lesions, food poisoning…
Coagulase negative Staph
commensal - part of normal flora of skin, must be considered…
infected tissue
encephalitis
myocaritis
pneumonia
enteritis
brain
heart
lungs
intestine
encephalitis
brain
myocaritis
heart
47 terms
Upper Respiratory Infection Microbiology
Clinical Manifestation of Rhinitis
Pathophysiology of Rhinitis
Why doesn't rhinovirus spread further…
Greatest Source of Spread of Rhinoviru…
Nasal stuffiness, headache, sneezing
Rhinovirus infects cells lining nasal passages and pharynx ->…
Because rhinoviruses have an optimal growth temp. of ~32 degr…
Fingers; nasal mucosa and conjunctival surface of eye are mos…
Clinical Manifestation of Rhinitis
Nasal stuffiness, headache, sneezing
Pathophysiology of Rhinitis
Rhinovirus infects cells lining nasal passages and pharynx ->…
11 terms
Skin & soft tissue infection
Primary cause of cellulitis
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Organism frequently implicated in skin…
Which fungus causes nodular skin lesio…
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Staphylococcus aureus
Pasteurella multocida
Sporothrix schenckii
Primary cause of cellulitis
Group A streptococcus (aka Strep pyogenes)
Primary cause of skin and soft tissue…
Staphylococcus aureus
21 terms
Microbiology Lecture 4: Deep tissue, bone, joint, and general infections/skin manifestations.
Bone infections (osteomyelitis) Genera…
Bone infections (osteomyelitis) Organi…
Bone infections (osteomyelitis): Diagn…
Bone infections (osteomyelitis): Treat…
- Likelihood increases if hardware is present (bacteria can h…
1. Newborns: Staph aureus, group B strep, enteric gram-negati…
1. In children, will often have positive blood cultures. May…
1. Bone infections are difficult to treat because of the poor…
Bone infections (osteomyelitis) Genera…
- Likelihood increases if hardware is present (bacteria can h…
Bone infections (osteomyelitis) Organi…
1. Newborns: Staph aureus, group B strep, enteric gram-negati…
46 terms
Microbiology Infections; Respiratory System
upper respiratory infections
atypical pneumonia
typical pneumonia
Streptococcus pyogenes
Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus…
patchy patterns on x-ray are indicative of
consolidation of entire lobe on x-ray are indicative of
bacteria which can cause pharyngitis, scarlatina, septicemia,…
upper respiratory infections
Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus…
atypical pneumonia
patchy patterns on x-ray are indicative of
12 terms
Ear Infection Microbiology
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
P. aeruginosa Culturing
P. aeruginosa Virulence Factors
Main Bacterial Causes of Ear Infections
Gr- rod; oxidase +, non-fermentative; alginate capsule... -Com…
Grows in mucoid green/yellow colonies on MacConkey or blood a…
-Alginate capsule... -Elastase... -Exotoxin A: blocks translati…
-Strep pneumo... -non-typable H. flu... -Moraxella catarrhalis... -P.…
Psuedomonas aeruginosa
Gr- rod; oxidase +, non-fermentative; alginate capsule... -Com…
P. aeruginosa Culturing
Grows in mucoid green/yellow colonies on MacConkey or blood a…
34 terms
Infection treatments (microbiology)
Rhinovirus
Sinusitis
Acute Otitis Media
Pharyngitis
Supportive ... Hand hygiene
Surgery... Antifungals
Watchful waiting... Broad abx... Tubes
Penicillin... Cephalosporin
Rhinovirus
Supportive ... Hand hygiene
Sinusitis
Surgery... Antifungals
105 terms
Microbiology: Infection and Disease
Symbiosis
Mutualism
Example of mutualistic relationship
Commensalism
To live together
Both organisms benefit
Human colon bacteria
One organism benefits; other not harmed
Symbiosis
To live together
Mutualism
Both organisms benefit
33 terms
Skin & Soft Tissue Infection
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
Impetigo... folliculitis... boils... sties... carbuncles... abscesses
Impetigo
folliculitis
boils
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
Impetigo... folliculitis... boils... sties... carbuncles... abscesses
staphylococcus aureus:... Name skin infec…
Impetigo
Infections and Microbiology
What is disinfectant?
What is an antiseptic?
Sanitisation
Disinfection
Chemical agent used to disinfect an inanimate object/ substance
Chemical agent used on living tissues to kill/ remove pathogens
Cleaning process to reduce populations of microorganisms to s…
Destruction or removal of harmful microbes except bacterial s…
What is disinfectant?
Chemical agent used to disinfect an inanimate object/ substance
What is an antiseptic?
Chemical agent used on living tissues to kill/ remove pathogens
Microbiology: Infection and Disease
The Host and Microbe Form...
Infection
Disease
Disease and Infection are not...
-an Intimate Relationship in Health and Disease
-the multiplication of a microbe, including viruses, in a hos…
-occurs if the host loses the competition ... -leads to tissue…
synonymous: a person may be infected without suffering a dise…
The Host and Microbe Form...
-an Intimate Relationship in Health and Disease
Infection
-the multiplication of a microbe, including viruses, in a hos…
Microbiology and Infection Control
Viruses (extremely small)
Binary Fission
HBn1 count
Bacilli
Unlike bacteria and other microorganisms, ____________ remain…
Most bacteria reproduce by dividing in the middle to form two…
What test is used to determine a yeast infection?
Type of bacteria that are shaped like rods; can be rectangula…
Viruses (extremely small)
Unlike bacteria and other microorganisms, ____________ remain…
Binary Fission
Most bacteria reproduce by dividing in the middle to form two…
Microbiology: Pathology, Infection, Disease
etiology
pathogenesis
infection
transient short
study of the cause of disease
development of disease
invasion/colonization of body by pathogens
_______ microbiota are present in the body for a ______ perio…
etiology
study of the cause of disease
pathogenesis
development of disease
106 terms
Microbiology and Infection Control MIDTERM
active transport
aerobes
aerosol droplets
anaerobes
maintains unequal distribution of substances between the outs…
organisms that favor an environment with oxygen
droplets of moisture small enough to stay suspended in air; s…
organisms that prefer an oxygen-poor environment
active transport
maintains unequal distribution of substances between the outs…
aerobes
organisms that favor an environment with oxygen
Microbiology Concepts & Terminology of Infection
symbiosis
mutualism
parasitism
parasite
relationship between two organisms
form of symbiosis in which two organisms of different species…
relationship between two organisms where one is harmed
organism that grows in or on a host organism, detriment to th…
symbiosis
relationship between two organisms
mutualism
form of symbiosis in which two organisms of different species…
24 terms
Microbiology & infection control
Microbiology
Pathogenic
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Study of micro organisms
Can cause infection
Passed fecal-oral
Blood borne pathogen affecting the liver
Microbiology
Study of micro organisms
Pathogenic
Can cause infection
69 terms
Microbiology Chapter 31: Infection and Pathogenicity
Host
Parasites
Infections arise
Factors that determine outcome of host…
larger orgnaism that supports the growth of a smaller organism
those organisms that live in or on a host and are depednet on…
when a parasite grows and multiplies within a host
1. number of microorganisms infecting host... 2. virulance of th…
Host
larger orgnaism that supports the growth of a smaller organism
Parasites
those organisms that live in or on a host and are depednet on…
51 terms
Microbiology and Infection Control
active transport
aerobes
aerosol droplets
anaerobes
maintains unequal distribution of substances between the outs…
organisms that favor an environment with oxygen
droplets of moisture small enough to stay suspended in air; s…
organisms that prefer an oxygen-poor environment
active transport
maintains unequal distribution of substances between the outs…
aerobes
organisms that favor an environment with oxygen
45 terms
Microbiology - Infection and Immunity
Reservoirs of infection
Zoonoses
Zoonoses acquired by
Blood sucking arthropods
1. Animal reservoirs (may primarily exist in animals and inci…
Diseases that spread naturally from animal host to human host
- Direct contact with animals... - Eating animals... - Blood suckin…
1. Arachnids... - Ticks... - Mites... 2. Insects... - Fleas... - Lice... - Flie…
Reservoirs of infection
1. Animal reservoirs (may primarily exist in animals and inci…
Zoonoses
Diseases that spread naturally from animal host to human host
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