Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

30 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
10 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
Microbiology
Abiogenesis
Animalcules
Attenuate
Bacteria
Another name for spontaneous.
What early scientists called microorganisms.
To weaken pathogens to use to make a vaccine.
One of the several forms of disease causing microorganisms.
Abiogenesis
Another name for spontaneous.
Animalcules
What early scientists called microorganisms.
42 terms
Microbiology
Cryptosporidium
Giardia
Entamoeba
Trichomonas
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
amoeba that invades colon (flask-shaped ulcer), bloody dysent…
protozoa, flagellated, foul green vaginal discharge, strawber…
Cryptosporidium
protozoa, watery diarrhea in AIDS, contaminated w/ oocysts, A…
Giardia
protozoa, hikers/campers ingest cyst-->owl eye trophozoites,…
263 terms
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
Microbiology
microbiology
bacteria
fungi
parasite
the study of microbes
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
A kingdom of complex organisms that obtain energy by breaking…
An organism that feeds on a living host
microbiology
the study of microbes
bacteria
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
108 terms
Microbiology
Virus
No
capsid and genome
helical capsid
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
Can viruses grow on agar
What are the two components of a nucleocapsid
Virus
an acellular particle including DNA or RNA surrounded by a pr…
No
Can viruses grow on agar
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
microbe
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
An organism so small that it can only be seen with a microsco…
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
11 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
203 terms
Microbiology
How do microbes affect us?
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Describe how microbial metabolism is d…
Name 3 ways microbes have spread throu…
Food, disease
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
Microbial metabolism refers to how a microbe obtains energy &…
- Leprosy during the crusades... - Black plague in Europe... - Napo…
How do microbes affect us?
Food, disease
What is meant by the phrase, "microbes…
Microbes live everywhere, and can even live in extremely host…
Microbiology
Staphlococcus
streptococcus
enterococcus
neisseria
g+c "clusters"
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
g+c "short chains"
g=dc coffee bean
Staphlococcus
g+c "clusters"
streptococcus
g+c "chains" bizzare shapes, singles or pairs
Microbiology
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
This genus ferments glucose, reduces n…
Glucose fermentation
Enterobacteriaceae
Nonfermentative GNR
Vibrionaceae
This genus ferments glucose and reduce…
Enterobacteriaceae
This genus is oxidase positive but doe…
Nonfermentative GNR
20 terms
Microbiology
Coccus
Bacillus
What is Gram staining used for?
Why do we heat fix our sample to the s…
spherical cells
shaped like rods or cylinders
To categorize bacteria as gram positive or gram negative
To prevent the sample from washing off, preserve cell morphol…
Coccus
spherical cells
Bacillus
shaped like rods or cylinders
29 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Lyme's Disease
Influenza
West Nile
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
bacteria
virus
virus
Microbiology
the branch of science that deals with microorganisms
Lyme's Disease
bacteria
39 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Aerobic microbes
Anaerobic microbes
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
a disease-producing microorganism
microbes that can only live in the presence of oxygen
Microbes that grow best in the absence of oxygen
Microbiology
the science that studies living organisms that cannot be seen…
Pathogen
a disease-producing microorganism
Microbiology
Microbiology
Pathogen
Virus
Bacteria
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
An organism that causes disease.
A small, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces…
Prokaryotic single-celled organisms.
Microbiology
A science that studies extremely small forms of life, such as…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Microbiology
Prokaryote
Eukaryote:
Microbe
Microbiology
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
microscopic organisms that exist as single cells or cell clus…
the study of microbes including their lives, features, and im…
Prokaryote
unicellular organism that lacks a true nucleus and membrane b…
Eukaryote:
organisms that have cells with a distinct membrane bound nucl…
25 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
36 terms
Microbiology
microbiology includes the study of whi…
mycology is the study of which organis…
what are pathogenic bacteria
where are non-pathogenic bacteria found?
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
bacteria that cause harmful infections
environmental (including in soil), normal flora in the body
microbiology includes the study of whi…
bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites
mycology is the study of which organis…
fungi such as yeast, ringworm
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
30 terms
Microbiology
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Nonpathogenic bacteria are
The type of bacteria that rarely shows…
Infection
Bacteria
Harmless
Cocci
Invasion of body tissues by disease ca…
Infection
One celled microorganisms with both pl…
Bacteria
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
5 terms
Microbiology
Bacterial Cell
General structure of the Bacterial Cell
Carl Woes
Acellular
-Capsule... -Cell wall... -Cytoplasmic membrane(cell/plasma ... -DNA c…
Developed classification of the three domains
Viruses and prions are acellular. They lack a cell membrane.
Bacterial Cell
General structure of the Bacterial Cell
-Capsule... -Cell wall... -Cytoplasmic membrane(cell/plasma ... -DNA c…
Microbiology
Microbiology is the study of
Virusology
Bacteriology
Mycology
bacteria
The study of viruses
The study of bacteria
The study of Fungi
Microbiology is the study of
bacteria
Virusology
The study of viruses
Microbiology
coccus
coccobacillus
vibrio
bacillus
coccus
coccobacillus
263 terms
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
Microbiology
Lipid bi-layer membrane
strepto-
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)
lipopolysaccharide
a two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
Curved or twisted, chain like
a complex molecule containing both lipid and polysaccharide p…
Lipid bi-layer membrane
a two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
strepto-
Curved or twisted, chain like
Microbiology
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Impetigo
Necrotizing Fasciitis
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Reddening, wrinkling of skin, leads to large blisters contain…
Small, flattened, red patches, primarily on face and limbs. O…
Purple colored skin, pain is out of proportion with the amoun…
Non-itchy, spotted rash on trunk and appendages including pal…
staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Reddening, wrinkling of skin, leads to large blisters contain…
Impetigo
Small, flattened, red patches, primarily on face and limbs. O…
Microbiology
How do microbes infect us?
The first person to use repeated boili…
A labile bacterium is
What causes Brownian movement?
Food, disease
Tyndall
easily killed by boiling
microbes being bombarded by water or air molecules
How do microbes infect us?
Food, disease
The first person to use repeated boili…
Tyndall
81 terms
Microbiology
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
Bacilli
Amphitrichous Flagella
B. cereus in tryptic soy broth
Microbiology
Staphylococcus aureus
Enterococcus faecalis
Emerging disease
Reemerging diseases
Golden staph... MSSA... MRSA
VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococcus)
Newly recognised in human host for the first time (for exampl…
Have previously infected humans but found in new locations, f…
Staphylococcus aureus
Golden staph... MSSA... MRSA
Enterococcus faecalis
VRE (vancomycin resistant enterococcus)
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
Microbiology
CBC
UA or U/A
ABO
POL
Complete blood count
Urinalysis
The blood grouping system
Physician's office laboratory
CBC
Complete blood count
UA or U/A
Urinalysis
1,278 terms
Microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be…
What should be considered in the study…
What organisms are included in the stu…
What organisms are included in the stu…
Microbiology
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
viruses, viroids, virusoids, and prions
The study of organisms too small to be…
Microbiology
What should be considered in the study…
the size of the organisms and the techniques employed to stud…
323 terms
Microbiology
Gram stain steps
Gram positive characteristics
Gram negative characteristics
Transpeptidase
1. Crystal violet stain. Wait 60 seconds... 2. Wash with water a…
BLUE (positively blue over you) ... Thick peptidoglycan layer ... 2…
RED (No negative red commies) ... Thin peptidoglycan layer... 3 lay…
Enzyme that catalyzes the formation of cross-linked structure…
Gram stain steps
1. Crystal violet stain. Wait 60 seconds... 2. Wash with water a…
Gram positive characteristics
BLUE (positively blue over you) ... Thick peptidoglycan layer ... 2…
Microbiology
Name two bacteria involved in nitrific…
Why respiration can occur in the absce…
Why the energy yield of fermentation i…
Four compunds that can be products of…
Nitrosomonas : oxidizying NH3> NH2-... Nitrobacter: oxidizying N…
because O2 is iften limiting or even totally absent in many m…
because fermentation does not have an external acceptor of el…
CO2, formate, lactic acid , ethanol, acetate
Name two bacteria involved in nitrific…
Nitrosomonas : oxidizying NH3> NH2-... Nitrobacter: oxidizying N…
Why respiration can occur in the absce…
because O2 is iften limiting or even totally absent in many m…
Microbiology
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
Binomial Nomenclature
4 Important Human Pathogens
Bacteria
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungus... 4. Parasites
Unicellular Prokaryotic... • No nuclear membrane... • No mitochondr…
Scientific Nomenclature (and suffic)
• Kingdom (-ae)... • Phylum (-es)... - Subphylum (ata)... • Class (-ia…
Binomial Nomenclature
Both names underlined or italicized... • Genus: always starts wi…
217 terms
Microbiology
How are organisms classified?
What are the three processes of evolut…
What do minor genetic changes lead to…
How can natural selection be observed?
16sRNA - unique to each species but flanked by conserved sequ…
1. Generation of Diversity - cannot be observed, mutation fre…
Virulance... Host Range ... Drug Resistance
Phenotype changes... - Changes in virulance... - host range... - Drug…
How are organisms classified?
16sRNA - unique to each species but flanked by conserved sequ…
What are the three processes of evolut…
1. Generation of Diversity - cannot be observed, mutation fre…
Microbiology
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
Cellular microbes
Acellular microbes
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
1. Viruses (nucleic acids and proteins)... 2. Viroids (RNA)... 3. V…
-father of microbiology... -1632-1723... -first person to observe a…
4 features of prokaryotic microbes
1. diversity... 2. ubiquity... 3. large numbers... 4. pervasive impact…
Cellular microbes
1. Fungi (molds and yeasts)... 2. Protists (algae and protozoans…
113 terms
Microbiology
bright-field
electromagnetic spectrum
radio wave
microwave
what type of microscopes
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
electromagnetic waves with the longest wavelength, lowest fre…
Electromagnetic waves that have shorter wavelengths and highe…
bright-field
what type of microscopes
electromagnetic spectrum
Includes all forms of electromagnetic radiation; the types of…
Microbiology
microbiology
bacteriology
parasitology
virology
study of all small life - some not visible to the naked eye
the study of bacteria and prevention of disease they cause (C…
study of parasites
study of viruses
microbiology
study of all small life - some not visible to the naked eye
bacteriology
the study of bacteria and prevention of disease they cause (C…
694 terms
Microbiology
Define infection
Define carrier
Define virulence
Define opportunistic pathogens
Organism has infected a person OR a person has a disease caus…
1. Person is infected with an organism but no disease results…
Measure of the pathogenicity of an infectious agent
Part of normal flora that rarely cause disease
Define infection
Organism has infected a person OR a person has a disease caus…
Define carrier
1. Person is infected with an organism but no disease results…
139 terms
Microbiology
What are the six steps to the scientif…
Start of universe
Origin of Earth
Anaerobic Prokaryotes
1. Observation ... 2. Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4.Prediction... 5. Exp…
15 Billion years ago
4.6 Billion years ago
3.5 Billion years ago
What are the six steps to the scientif…
1. Observation ... 2. Question... 3. Hypothesis... 4.Prediction... 5. Exp…
Start of universe
15 Billion years ago
181 terms
Microbiology
biotechnology
ancient biotechnology
microbes produce a variety of foods
microbes produce a variety of products
is the use of living organisms (bacteria or yeasts) to do thi…
bread, wine and beer have been made for thousands of years
cheeses, sour cream, yogurt, bread, beer, wine, other alcohol…
antibiotics, steroids, vitamins, amino acids, enzymes, organi…
biotechnology
is the use of living organisms (bacteria or yeasts) to do thi…
ancient biotechnology
bread, wine and beer have been made for thousands of years
433 terms
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Pathogens
Virulence
Antibiotics
•living things too small to be seen without a microscope (bac…
disease causing microbes
the strength of a microbe to cause disease
natural substances produced by bacteria and fungi to kill oth…
Microorganisms
•living things too small to be seen without a microscope (bac…
Pathogens
disease causing microbes
5 terms
Microbiology
Obligate aerobes
Obligate anaerobes
Facultative anaerobes
Microaerophiles
1. Obligate aerobes need oxygen because they cannot ferment o…
2. Obligate anaerobes are poisoned by oxygen, so they gather…
3. Facultative anaerobes can grow with or without oxygen beca…
4. Microaerophiles need oxygen because they cannot ferment or…
Obligate aerobes
1. Obligate aerobes need oxygen because they cannot ferment o…
Obligate anaerobes
2. Obligate anaerobes are poisoned by oxygen, so they gather…
Microbiology
Staphylococcus Aureus
Staphylococcus Saprophyticus
Staphylococcus Epidermis
Streptococcus
Gram positive cocci in clusters... Catalase positive... Coagulase p…
Second most common cause of UTI in young women... Virulence fac…
Coagulase negative... Virulence factor (SLIME, forms biofilm) w…
Catalase negative cocci in chain or diplococci... Produce haemo…
Staphylococcus Aureus
Gram positive cocci in clusters... Catalase positive... Coagulase p…
Staphylococcus Saprophyticus
Second most common cause of UTI in young women... Virulence fac…
553 terms
microbiology
definition of microbiology
list 5 types of microbes
what is the difference between a patho…
van Leeuwenhoek
The study of organisms too small to be seen with the unaided…
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa/protist, helminth
pathogen - 3% of all microbes - microbes that cause disease.…
the first scientist to observe living organisms with a micros…
definition of microbiology
The study of organisms too small to be seen with the unaided…
list 5 types of microbes
Bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa/protist, helminth
Microbiology
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Viruses
Medical Microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals w/ living things ord…
Also referred as microscopic organisms or microbes are what i…
Noncellular, parasitic, protein coated genetic elements, depe…
Deals w/ microbes that causes diseases in humans and animals
Microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals w/ living things ord…
Microorganisms
Also referred as microscopic organisms or microbes are what i…
331 terms
Microbiology
the study of algae is
Nutritionally, fungi are described as…
Mycology is the study of
Carolus Linnaeus assigned a two-part n…
Phycology
Absorptive that are eukaryotic cells with chitin cell wall ou…
Fungi
nomenclature means naming organisms
the study of algae is
Phycology
Nutritionally, fungi are described as…
Absorptive that are eukaryotic cells with chitin cell wall ou…
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