Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

22 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology
What are the 6 groups of microorganisms?
Bacteriology is the study of?
Mycology is the study of?
Protozoology is the study of?
Bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, algae, helminths
Bacteria
Fungi
Protozoa
What are the 6 groups of microorganisms?
Bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, algae, helminths
Bacteriology is the study of?
Bacteria
100 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MicrobiologyExam Review Questions
Long stalk-like structures on fungal e…
May be septated or non-septated
Germ-tube positive
Mold at 25 degrees C and Yeast at 37 d…
Sporangiophore
hyphae
Candida albicans
Dimorphic fungi (systemic fungi)
Long stalk-like structures on fungal e…
Sporangiophore
May be septated or non-septated
hyphae
56 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology MLT 140 Unit 1 Review
Peptidoglycan layer
cell membrane-cell wall-outer cell mem…
Primary stain in the Gram stain proced…
Fixes the primary stain to Gram positi…
Comprises the cell wall of bacteria
Gram negative bacteria
Crystal violet
Mordant (Gram's Iodine)
Peptidoglycan layer
Comprises the cell wall of bacteria
cell membrane-cell wall-outer cell mem…
Gram negative bacteria
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology- Gastrointestinal
What causes dental enamel hypoplasia?
What causes oral cavity warts?
What causes oral granulomas in dogs?
What causes ulcerative stomatitis in c…
Canine distemper virus
Canine papilloma virus
Histoplasma capsulatum
Feline calicivirus
What causes dental enamel hypoplasia?
Canine distemper virus
What causes oral cavity warts?
Canine papilloma virus
15 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology- Respiratory
What are three pathogens implicated in…
What are the common clinical signs of…
Difference between feline URT- Herpes
Difference between feline URT- Caliciv…
Herpes, Chlamydophila, calicivirus
Sneezing, nasal/ocular discharge, hypersalivation, conjunctiv…
High virulence... Env <24hrs... Replicates in nasal mucosa, trachea…
Variable virulence... High stability in environment... Replicates i…
What are three pathogens implicated in…
Herpes, Chlamydophila, calicivirus
What are the common clinical signs of…
Sneezing, nasal/ocular discharge, hypersalivation, conjunctiv…
21 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology- Eye
What causes anterior uveitis in dogs?
What causes anterior and posterior uve…
What causes blepharitis in dogs?
What causes keratitis in dogs?
Brucella canis, Ehrlichia, Leptospira, Rickettsia rickettsi,…
FeLV, FIV, FIP
Staph and Strep
Canine adenovirus-1
What causes anterior uveitis in dogs?
Brucella canis, Ehrlichia, Leptospira, Rickettsia rickettsi,…
What causes anterior and posterior uve…
FeLV, FIV, FIP
15 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Mastering Microbiology - Simple Staining
What is the purpose of applying a stai…
What is the definition of a basic stain?
Why are basic stains attracted to the…
Which of the following is an example o…
To provide contrast between the organism and the background
Stain with a positively charged chromogen
Cell wall components carry a negative charge and the chromoge…
Methylene blue
What is the purpose of applying a stai…
To provide contrast between the organism and the background
What is the definition of a basic stain?
Stain with a positively charged chromogen
10 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Blood Cultures
Septicemia
- Liver... - Spleen... - Neutrophils (minor)
Transient bacteremia
Intermittent bacteremia
A clinical syndrome characterized by fever, chills, tachycard…
"These" play a major role in clearing bacteria from the blood…
Organisms comprising the normal flora are introduced into the…
Bacteria from an infected site are released into the blood ap…
Septicemia
A clinical syndrome characterized by fever, chills, tachycard…
- Liver... - Spleen... - Neutrophils (minor)
"These" play a major role in clearing bacteria from the blood…
12 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Eukaryotic Cell Structures
Nucleus
Nuclear Membrane
Nucleolus
Rough ER
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A highly-porous membrane that separates the nucleus from the…
A specialized structure in the nucleus, formed from various c…
A network of interconnected membranous sacs in a eukaryotic c…
Nucleus
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
Nuclear Membrane
A highly-porous membrane that separates the nucleus from the…
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology chapter 7
Decontamination is defined as the:... A.…
Which of the following organisms has h…
The cleaning of glassware and tablewar…
Which of the following methods is the…
B. Reduction or removal of unwanted chemical or biological ag…
A. Protozoan Cysts
D. Sanitation
C. Direct flaming
Decontamination is defined as the:... A.…
B. Reduction or removal of unwanted chemical or biological ag…
Which of the following organisms has h…
A. Protozoan Cysts
12 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Mastering Microbiology- Preparation of Smears
What is the purpose of allowing the ba…
Why does the presence of grease or dir…
During heat fixation, it is important…
Why is it important not to use thick o…
Drying helps remove excess water to ensure optimal heat fixat…
The grease and dirt can create artificer acts that interfere…
Plasmolysis of the bacterial cell wall, distorting the cell m…
In a thick smear the bacteria will be too concentrated, reduc…
What is the purpose of allowing the ba…
Drying helps remove excess water to ensure optimal heat fixat…
Why does the presence of grease or dir…
The grease and dirt can create artificer acts that interfere…
17 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology- Skin/Ear
What causes draining tracts in dogs?
What causes subcutaneous abscesses in…
What causes scrotal dermatitis in dogs?
What causes cellulitis, folliculitis,…
Actinomyces, Blastomycoses, Coccidiodes, Crytococcus, Histopl…
Actinomyces, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Pastuerella multioci…
Brucella canis
Staphylococcus pseudointermedius, coagulase positive Staph, S…
What causes draining tracts in dogs?
Actinomyces, Blastomycoses, Coccidiodes, Crytococcus, Histopl…
What causes subcutaneous abscesses in…
Actinomyces, Clostridium, Fusobacterium, Pastuerella multioci…
28 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Science assessment vocabulary words
eukaryote
prokaryote
microbe
Enzyme
an organism whose cells have nuclei.
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus.
an organism that can be seen only through a microscope.
a substance that causes a chemical change in another substance.
eukaryote
an organism whose cells have nuclei.
prokaryote
a single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus.
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
CSF cultures
- Age of patient... - Nutritional and imm…
- Nasopharyngeal colonization followed…
Chemistry studies (glucose, protein)
Bacterial culture & gram stain
Key factors of CSF infection:
Main routes of CSF infection:
Tube 1 of CSF collection is used for what type of testing?
Tube 2 of CSF collection is used for what type of testing?
- Age of patient... - Nutritional and imm…
Key factors of CSF infection:
- Nasopharyngeal colonization followed…
Main routes of CSF infection:
25 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology Exam II - HIV
HIV causes _______________, which is c…
In 1987, the first antiretroviral agen…
HIV is a _______________ that is capab…
To which family of viruses does HIV be…
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
AZT
Retrovirus
Lentivirus
HIV causes _______________, which is c…
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
In 1987, the first antiretroviral agen…
AZT
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
CH 5 Antibiotics
antibiotics
antimicrobials
ideal antimicrobial
what antimicrobials are challenging to…
-introduced in the 1930s; revolutionized meds... -antibiotcs red…
-goal of antimicrobial chemotherapy:... 1. drug destroys the inf…
-toxic to microbe, but not humans... - tidal rather than static…
-antifungals... -antiprotozoals
antibiotics
-introduced in the 1930s; revolutionized meds... -antibiotcs red…
antimicrobials
-goal of antimicrobial chemotherapy:... 1. drug destroys the inf…
13 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology for Quiz 2
what occurs in nucleus
two mechanisms of parting
what phase is mitosis of the cell cycle
cell cycle
DNA replication and partitioning and RNA synthase
mitosis- gives two identical cells after cytokinesis... meiosis-…
s
what occurs in nucleus
DNA replication and partitioning and RNA synthase
two mechanisms of parting
mitosis- gives two identical cells after cytokinesis... meiosis-…
50 termscreated on January 21, 2017
chapter 15b
Cytotoxins
Exotoxins
AB toxins
Membrane disrupting toxins
_________ attack a wide variety of cells
_________ are divided into three principal types depending on…
________ were the first toxins to be studed intensively and a…
____________, cause lysis of host cells by disrupting their p…
Cytotoxins
_________ attack a wide variety of cells
Exotoxins
_________ are divided into three principal types depending on…
47 termscreated on January 21, 2017
chapter 15a
Pathogenicity
Virulence
Portals of entry
Mucous membranes
the ability to cause disease by overcoming host defenses
the degree of pathogenicity
pathogens can gain entrance to the human body and other hosts…
many bacteria and viruses gain access to the body by penetrat…
Pathogenicity
the ability to cause disease by overcoming host defenses
Virulence
the degree of pathogenicity
5 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology Mastering Ch 1
Which microorganisms are acellular and…
In the scientific name, Escherichia co…
Which scientist, in 1876, established…
Which of the following human diseases…
viruses
genus
Koch
endocarditis
Which microorganisms are acellular and…
viruses
In the scientific name, Escherichia co…
genus
18 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Brief Survey of Microorganisms
List the 9 types of microorganisms.
What do bacteria and archaea have in c…
Which 3 microorganisms are nonliving?
How many named bacteria are there?
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Algae... 4. Fungi... 5. Protozoa... 6. Helmi…
They are both prokaryotes
1. Viruses... 2. Viroids... 3. Prions
5,000
List the 9 types of microorganisms.
1. Bacteria... 2. Archaea... 3. Algae... 4. Fungi... 5. Protozoa... 6. Helmi…
What do bacteria and archaea have in c…
They are both prokaryotes
71 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology Chapter 1 study guide
Microbiology
Microorganisms (microbes)
Taxonomy
Phylogeny (systematic)
The study of microorganisms
Minute living things. Too small to be seen with unaided eye.…
The Science of classifying organisms
The study of the evolutionary history of organisms
Microbiology
The study of microorganisms
Microorganisms (microbes)
Minute living things. Too small to be seen with unaided eye.…
31 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 4
Binary Fission
Exponential growth
Generation Time
Microbial Growth in nature
Asexual reproduction in bacteria, cell divides after growing…
Population doubles each division
Time required for a population to double in number
-Most live in polysaccharide-encased communities (biofilms)... -…
Binary Fission
Asexual reproduction in bacteria, cell divides after growing…
Exponential growth
Population doubles each division
50 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Strep/Enterococcus
Group A strep
Skin and mucous membranes (carrier sta…
Beta hemolytic
- Person-to-person... - Formites :(clothi…
Streptococcus pyogenes is also known as
GAS location
GAS hemolytic pattern
GAS forms of transmission
Group A strep
Streptococcus pyogenes is also known as
Skin and mucous membranes (carrier sta…
GAS location
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology Week 1
eukaryotic microbe
Microbiology
Scientific Method
Groups of microbes
...
scientific study of microorganisms based on the scientific me…
observation hypothesis(tested and falsified) prediction desig…
Viruses bacteria Eubacteria archea alga fungi protozones and…
eukaryotic microbe
...
Microbiology
scientific study of microorganisms based on the scientific me…
96 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MCB 1.1
Microorganisms
Viruses
Microbes
Microbiology
Microscopic organisms ... One cell... bacteria, archaeons, protozoa…
Not living... Microscopic... Utilize cell machinery from a host to…
General term that includes microorganisms and viruses
The study of microbes
Microorganisms
Microscopic organisms ... One cell... bacteria, archaeons, protozoa…
Viruses
Not living... Microscopic... Utilize cell machinery from a host to…
27 termscreated on January 21, 2017
microbiology chap.1-4
microbiology categories
saprophytes
legumes
beneficial functions and uses of micro…
1. bacteria... 2. algae... 3. archea - mars organisms that live whe…
breakdown of organic material (eats dead animals)
found in the roots of plants to help mix nitrogen for food to…
A. breakdown of organic material ( saprophytes)... B. nitrogen f…
microbiology categories
1. bacteria... 2. algae... 3. archea - mars organisms that live whe…
saprophytes
breakdown of organic material (eats dead animals)
44 termscreated on January 21, 2017
2 - Disinfection
What is disinfection?
What determines disinfection requireme…
Efficacy of a disinfectant is a functi…
What are 10 required pieces of informa…
A less lethal process than sterilization which eliminates mot…
Type of work and nature of the agents being handled
surface, contact time, product, dilution
Use pattern... Site and method of application... Area and type of s…
What is disinfection?
A less lethal process than sterilization which eliminates mot…
What determines disinfection requireme…
Type of work and nature of the agents being handled
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 4
Eukaryotic cells are found in ?
Eukayotic Cell
Procaryotic cells are found in ?
Procaryotic Cell
-Animals... - Plants... - Fungi... - Protists
-Contain double-membrane bound nucleus with DNA chromosomes... -…
-Bacteria... -Archaea
-No nucleus or other membrane-bound organelles... -They do have…
Eukaryotic cells are found in ?
-Animals... - Plants... - Fungi... - Protists
Eukayotic Cell
-Contain double-membrane bound nucleus with DNA chromosomes... -…
31 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MICROBIOLOGY REVIEW TEST2
BINARY FISSION
BACTERIAL COLONY
FACULTATIVE
NUTRIENTS ... OXYGEN... MOISTURE... TEMPERATURE…
A method of asexual reproduction in which a cell spits into t…
A group of bacteria growing on a solid medium arising from a…
Able to tolerate the presence of absence of a particular envi…
What are the seven conditions that will affect bacterial grow…
BINARY FISSION
A method of asexual reproduction in which a cell spits into t…
BACTERIAL COLONY
A group of bacteria growing on a solid medium arising from a…
21 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Microbiology Study Questions
What does the term "ubiquity" mean?
What are some surprising places microb…
How can microbes travel?
We do not yet know the extent of micro…
...
...
...
...
What does the term "ubiquity" mean?
...
What are some surprising places microb…
...
97 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Repro: Microbiology of Genital Flora, TORCH Syndrome - (Saviola) - JCN
Vaginal flora are generally ____, of t…
The pH of the vagina is usually lower…
Vaginal ___ cells provide the building…
What does a gram stain of vaginal secr…
Aerobic... Lactobacillus - Most common - makes H2O2
lower than 4.5... Lactic Acid
Epithelial cells... Lactic Acid
Gram positive rod
Vaginal flora are generally ____, of t…
Aerobic... Lactobacillus - Most common - makes H2O2
The pH of the vagina is usually lower…
lower than 4.5... Lactic Acid
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
BIO 230 - Topic 1
Microbiology
Bacteria
Archaea
Fungi
-the study [logo] of small [micro] life [bios]... -a large, comp…
-measured in micrometers (x1000 = 1 millimeter)... -prokaryotic…
-NOT bacteria; do NOT cause disease... -thrive in ALL kinds of e…
-multi-cellular = grow on food; stalk-like structures with hy…
Microbiology
-the study [logo] of small [micro] life [bios]... -a large, comp…
Bacteria
-measured in micrometers (x1000 = 1 millimeter)... -prokaryotic…
27 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 1: Science of Biology
Botany
Zoology
Microbiology
Ecology
the study of plants
the study of animals
the study of microorganisms
deals with the relations and interactions between organisms a…
Botany
the study of plants
Zoology
the study of animals
101 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 3: Bacterial Cell Structure
prokaryote: a controversial term
common shapes of bacteria
types of cocci
bacillus
1. describes what is lacking in cells compared to that of euk…
1. cocci (round shape)... 2. bacillus (rod shape)... 3. vibrio (com…
1. single cell... 2. chain... 3. tetrads (4 cocci)... 4. diplococcus (…
1. length : width ratio differ ... 2. ends differ (taper, rounde…
prokaryote: a controversial term
1. describes what is lacking in cells compared to that of euk…
common shapes of bacteria
1. cocci (round shape)... 2. bacillus (rod shape)... 3. vibrio (com…
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Humans & the Microbial World
Microbiology
Domains
Bacteria
Archaea
The study of organisms and agents too small to be seen clearl…
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Eukarya
-prokaryotes (prenucleus) ... -unicellular ... -peptidoglycan cell…
-prokaryotes ... -unicellular ... -lack peptidoglycan ... -among earli…
Microbiology
The study of organisms and agents too small to be seen clearl…
Domains
-Bacteria... -Archaea... -Eukarya
70 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Exam 1 Microbiology
Staphylococcus staining pattern?
Staphylococcus morphology
Staphylococcus atmosphere?
Is staphylococcus intra or extra cellu…
gram positive
cocci in clusters
facultative anaerobe
extracellular
Staphylococcus staining pattern?
gram positive
Staphylococcus morphology
cocci in clusters
17 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Lecture Notes CH 4
Compare 2 possible fungal structures,…
Dimorphic
Hyphae
Mycelium
Yeast - round to oval shape, single cell, microscopic, reprod…
exist in either one of these forms (Depends on growth temp)
each branch of mold
group of hyphae
Compare 2 possible fungal structures,…
Yeast - round to oval shape, single cell, microscopic, reprod…
Dimorphic
exist in either one of these forms (Depends on growth temp)
17 termscreated on January 21, 2017
History of Microbiology Golden Age
Scientist wanted to answer 4 questions:
aristotle
redi
needham
1. does spontaneous generation occur... 2. what allows fermentat…
proposed spontaneous generation
experiments challenged Aristotle-sealed and unsealed jars
boiled water- bacteria was still there after treatment-suppor…
Scientist wanted to answer 4 questions:
1. does spontaneous generation occur... 2. what allows fermentat…
aristotle
proposed spontaneous generation
9 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Types of Microscopes Carolyn Allen Microbiology
Brightfield Microscopy
Darkfield Microscopy
Phase Contrast Microscopy
Diff. Interference Contrast
stained, dead
unstained, live
unstained, live, Internal Structures
unstained, live, 3-D, Internal structures
Brightfield Microscopy
stained, dead
Darkfield Microscopy
unstained, live
11 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Antibiotics
Nucleic acid synthesis: List function…
70S Bacteria ribosome: List function,…
70S Bacteria ribosome: List function,…
What does bacteriostatic mean? Bacteri…
1. inhibit DNA gyrase/DNA topoisomerase. Ciprofloxacin and Na…
1. only effective against organism that use oxygen. Inhibits…
1. block release of tRNA from 50S ribosome, Bacteriostatic. C…
-agent that stops bacteria from reproducing... -kills bacteria
Nucleic acid synthesis: List function…
1. inhibit DNA gyrase/DNA topoisomerase. Ciprofloxacin and Na…
70S Bacteria ribosome: List function,…
1. only effective against organism that use oxygen. Inhibits…
30 termscreated on January 21, 2017
CH 4 Controlling Microbial Growth
controlling microorganisms
outside the body we seek
sterilization
sterilization methods
-controlling exposure controls disease
-sterilization... -disinfection... -antisepsis
-any process that eliminates or kills/deactivates ALL forms o…
-autoclaving... -radiation... -filtration... -hydrogen peroxide vapor
controlling microorganisms
-controlling exposure controls disease
outside the body we seek
-sterilization... -disinfection... -antisepsis
8 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Exam 1
Microorganisms
Examples of microorganisms
What are the three major groups of cla…
The Genus name is always a(n) ...
A living thing that can only be seen with the aid of a micros…
Microbe... Germ
Domains
Noun
Microorganisms
A living thing that can only be seen with the aid of a micros…
Examples of microorganisms
Microbe... Germ
12 termscreated on January 21, 2017
History of Microbiology 1
antoni van leeuwenhoek
antoni van leeuwenhoek
antoni van leeuwenhoek
antoni van leeuwenhoek
cloth merchant, made microscope for fabric
simple microsope
royal society of London- tried to convinced oservations
secret about his microscope-only he could see-only he was ski…
antoni van leeuwenhoek
cloth merchant, made microscope for fabric
antoni van leeuwenhoek
simple microsope
31 termscreated on January 21, 2017
CSPN 170 Pharm
Famcyclovir treats what?
Drug taken with INH to prevent periphe…
What drug would you use to treat VRE
What is easier to treat Gram positive…
its an AntiViral Agent. Treats herpes, shingles, chicken pox.
B6
Streptogramins; quinupristin-dalfopristin (Synercid)... Oxazoli…
Gram Negative are tougher to treat. Most MRDO are gram negative
Famcyclovir treats what?
its an AntiViral Agent. Treats herpes, shingles, chicken pox.
Drug taken with INH to prevent periphe…
B6
59 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 3 Observing microorganisms through a microscope
What are the unit of a microscope meas…
How many millimeters are in 1 meter
How many micrometers are in 1 meter
How many nanometers are in 1 meter
Metric
1,000
1,000,000 (1X10^-6)
1,000,000,000 (1X10^-9)
What are the unit of a microscope meas…
Metric
How many millimeters are in 1 meter
1,000
38 termscreated on January 21, 2017
exam 1 ch 1-4 microbio
microbiology
5 major groups
most organisms are
microbiology was born in
study of organisms of microscopic size
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae
unicellular
1674
microbiology
study of organisms of microscopic size
5 major groups
bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae
21 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Bloodstream infections and sepsis
Define the epidemiology of sepsis
Define sepsis
Clinically define sepsis
Define severe sepsis
systemic inflammatory response to infection... 18million world w…
systemic illness caused by microbial invasion of normally ste…
clinical suspicion/evidence of infection + evidence of a syst…
sepsis with organ dysfunction... hypotension (S <90 mmHg)... lactic…
Define the epidemiology of sepsis
systemic inflammatory response to infection... 18million world w…
Define sepsis
systemic illness caused by microbial invasion of normally ste…
68 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Antiviral Drugs, Antibiotics, and Vaccines
Trifluridine
n-docosanol
Ganciclovir
Valganciclovir
fluorinated pyrimidine nucleoside... treats Keratoconjunctivitis…
treats HSV and RSV... inhibits viral entry... known to synergies wi…
synthetic purine nucleoside analog... inhibits viral replication…
L-valine ester... synthetic purine nucleoside analog... treats CMV…
Trifluridine
fluorinated pyrimidine nucleoside... treats Keratoconjunctivitis…
n-docosanol
treats HSV and RSV... inhibits viral entry... known to synergies wi…
67 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biology Lab
Lens paper cleans....
Bibulous paper is for...
Items located in the bin and sink
Microbiology
Lenses on microscope
absorbing an excess of liquid from surface of an object
Clothes pins... Sharpies... Bibulous/lens sheets... Inoculating loops…
Study of small life... -organized into domains: archaea, bacteri…
Lens paper cleans....
Lenses on microscope
Bibulous paper is for...
absorbing an excess of liquid from surface of an object
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