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Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

7 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Signs/Symptoms
1. Catarrhal Stage
2. Paroxysmal Stage
3. Convalescent Stage
•Runny Nose... •Violent Coughing... •Vomiting... •Low Fever
(Inflammation of mucous membrane) ... •1-2 weeks of signs resem…
(Repeated Sudden Attacks)... •Frequent Bursts of Violent Coughi…
•Coughing Decreases... •Not Contagious
Signs/Symptoms
•Runny Nose... •Violent Coughing... •Vomiting... •Low Fever
1. Catarrhal Stage
(Inflammation of mucous membrane) ... •1-2 weeks of signs resem…
25 termscreated on December 9, 2016
The Science in Food Handling & Storage Voabulary
Food Sanitation
Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
Sanitation Standard Operating Procedur…
Food Contamination
process of protecting food from contamination
requirements and guidelines for the manufacture of food and d…
specific written procedures necessary to ensure sanitary cond…
the presence of harmful, unpalatable or objectionable foreign…
Food Sanitation
process of protecting food from contamination
Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
requirements and guidelines for the manufacture of food and d…
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Exam #3
A recombinant cell...
Which finding is the most surprising f…
A biochemical test, in the microbiolog…
Into which group would you place multi…
is a cell that receives DNA from an outside source and incorp…
S strain cells are isolated from the blood of mice infected w…
capability of a microbe to perform a specific enzymatic activ…
Fungi
A recombinant cell...
is a cell that receives DNA from an outside source and incorp…
Which finding is the most surprising f…
S strain cells are isolated from the blood of mice infected w…
238 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Chapter 1-4+
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Edward Jenner
Alexander Fleming
Louis Pasteur
observed "animalcules" from teeth scraping. First observed sp…
used first scientific vaccination (small Pox)
discovered penicillin
Supported Germ Theory of disease
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
observed "animalcules" from teeth scraping. First observed sp…
Edward Jenner
used first scientific vaccination (small Pox)
9 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Final Exam
Koch's Postulates are used to prove wh…
The first descriptions of microorganis…
Lister is famous for:
Pasteur originally developed pasteuriz…
The cause of all types of diseases, the causes of infectious…
Leeuwenhoek
using phenol in the operating room and thus beginning the ide…
Alcoholic beverages
Koch's Postulates are used to prove wh…
The cause of all types of diseases, the causes of infectious…
The first descriptions of microorganis…
Leeuwenhoek
22 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final Golden West Fall 2016
Pyogenic
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Cutaneous Lesions
Macule
Puss Producing
Staphylococcus aureus ... TSS Toxin
Cellulitis, Abscess, Folliculitus, Carbuncles
Flat Red Lesion
Pyogenic
Puss Producing
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Staphylococcus aureus ... TSS Toxin
10 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 25
HIV
HIV treatment
HIV diagnosis
HIV stage A
-enveloped RNA retrovirus, spore-forming... -infects CD4+ T cell…
no vaccine
screening test fot HIV antibodies... 1) Viral load (number of HI…
infection is asymptomatic or causes chronic swelling in lymph…
HIV
-enveloped RNA retrovirus, spore-forming... -infects CD4+ T cell…
HIV treatment
no vaccine
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
chapter 16
natural philosophers
philosopher
Nicolaus Copernicus
heliocentric
scientists
lover of truth
discovered the heliocentric theory
sun-centered
natural philosophers
scientists
philosopher
lover of truth
8 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Homework
in the microscope, what does the turre…
higher magnification requires more lig…
T/F the image formed for viewing on th…
total magnification for each lens
holds objective lens
-move condenser up... -open the iris diaphragm... -adjust the rheos…
true
-scanning: 40x... -low: 100x... -high dry: 400x... -oil immersion: 1000x
in the microscope, what does the turre…
holds objective lens
higher magnification requires more lig…
-move condenser up... -open the iris diaphragm... -adjust the rheos…
53 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Exam 1
B. genetic engineering.
D. are too small to be seen with the u…
A. decomposers.
C. pathogens.
When humans manipulate the genes of microorganisms, the proce…
All microorganisms are best defined as organisms that ... A. ca…
The microorganisms that recycle nutrients by breaking down de…
Disease-causing microorganisms are called ... A. decomposers. ... B…
B. genetic engineering.
When humans manipulate the genes of microorganisms, the proce…
D. are too small to be seen with the u…
All microorganisms are best defined as organisms that ... A. ca…
18 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 24
Acute bacterial endocarditis
Pericarditis
Lyme disease
Plague caused by yersinia pestis
-rapidly progressive damage to heart valves ... -often occurs fr…
-inflammation of the heart sac (pericardium)... -often caused by…
caused by borrelia burgdorferi (microaerophilic spirochaete)
(black death)... -Faultatively anaerobic G- bacillus ... -rat fleas…
Acute bacterial endocarditis
-rapidly progressive damage to heart valves ... -often occurs fr…
Pericarditis
-inflammation of the heart sac (pericardium)... -often caused by…
36 termscreated on December 9, 2016
microbiology viral and bacterial infections
influenza
chicken pox and shingles
common cold
severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
influenza virus
variola viruses
rhinoviruses
coronaviruses
influenza
influenza virus
chicken pox and shingles
variola viruses
23 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 23
Motor nerves
Sensory nerves
Axons
Ganglia
carry messages from the CNS to parts of the body
Transmit messages from periphery to the CNS
Long extensions of nerve cells, transmit impulses (bundles of…
small bodies containing sensory nerve cells located near the…
Motor nerves
carry messages from the CNS to parts of the body
Sensory nerves
Transmit messages from periphery to the CNS
13 termscreated on December 9, 2016
MOW 13-16
Salmonella enterica
Salmonella typhi
Vibrio cholerae
Escherichia coli O157:H7
...
...
...
...
Salmonella enterica
...
Salmonella typhi
...
17 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final Chapters 19-22
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus pyogenes
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Candida albicans
causes acne
-Scarlet Fever... -Produces erythrogennic toxins... -Causes a disti…
-Eschar forms over the burned area - bacteria can grow beneat…
-causes thrush and vaginal infections... -Thrush (fungal infecti…
Staphylococcus aureus
causes acne
Streptococcus pyogenes
-Scarlet Fever... -Produces erythrogennic toxins... -Causes a disti…
24 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch. 21 Microbial Diseases of the Skin and Eyes
Normal microbiota of skin
Vesicles
Bullae
Macules
- many skin bacteria are g+ (salt tolerant) spherical bacteri…
small fluid filled lesions on skin
vesicle larger than 1cm in diameter
flat, reddened lesions
Normal microbiota of skin
- many skin bacteria are g+ (salt tolerant) spherical bacteri…
Vesicles
small fluid filled lesions on skin
18 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 22
Intravenous catheter sites of infectio…
Dialysis
Hemodialysis
Peritoneal dialysis
1) Microbial contamination @ insertion site... 2) HUB... 3) Contami…
a method of removing toxic wastes from the body of patients w…
contamination of equipment with Hep B, C, HIV (blood borne pa…
risk for contamination of abdominal cavity w/ bacteria from t…
Intravenous catheter sites of infectio…
1) Microbial contamination @ insertion site... 2) HUB... 3) Contami…
Dialysis
a method of removing toxic wastes from the body of patients w…
16 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology final part 2
Papilloma viruses are able to down reg…
Papilloma viruses are able to down reg…
Which of the following is a physiologi…
The serum of a person with type A bloo…
CD8+ T cells
NK Cells
All of the above
positive cell selection of B reactive and negative selection…
Papilloma viruses are able to down reg…
CD8+ T cells
Papilloma viruses are able to down reg…
NK Cells
37 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch 4
in all bacteria
John Snow
arrangement/grouping of cocci
arrangement/grouping of bacilli
- cell membrane ... - nucleoid ... - ribosomes ... - cytoplasm
went against miasma theory, determined pump was contaminated…
- tetrads (groups of 4)... - staphylococci (clusters)... - streptoc…
- diplobacilli (pairs)... - streptobacilli (chains)... - palisades…
in all bacteria
- cell membrane ... - nucleoid ... - ribosomes ... - cytoplasm
John Snow
went against miasma theory, determined pump was contaminated…
43 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final: Ch. 21
What are some natural defenses of the…
Diptheroids, staphylococcal and microc…
Define exanthem
Define enanthem
Sheds surface cells, salty environment, Lysosomes, and fatty…
Skin
Skin rash arising from another focus of infection
Mucous membrane crash arising from another focus of infection
What are some natural defenses of the…
Sheds surface cells, salty environment, Lysosomes, and fatty…
Diptheroids, staphylococcal and microc…
Skin
22 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 20
Urethritis
Cystitis
Ureteritis
Pyelonephritis
infection of the urethra
Infection of the urinary bladder
infection of the ureters
infection of the kidney
Urethritis
infection of the urethra
Cystitis
Infection of the urinary bladder
135 termscreated on December 9, 2016
microbiology Exam 3 Study Guide
Antibiotics
Principles of antimicrobial therapy
Broad spectrum drugs
What is an example of a broad spectrum…
are substances that are naturally produced by certain microor…
relatively soluble in body tissues and fluids ... remains active…
effective against a wide variety of bacteria
Tetracylines
Antibiotics
are substances that are naturally produced by certain microor…
Principles of antimicrobial therapy
relatively soluble in body tissues and fluids ... remains active…
27 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Chapter 18 DA 110
pathogenic
nonpathogenic
microbiology
Aristotle
Capable of producing disease, live at 98.7 degrees, normal fl…
does not produce human illness, classification of most human…
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
believed the life was spontaneously generated from nonliving…
pathogenic
Capable of producing disease, live at 98.7 degrees, normal fl…
nonpathogenic
does not produce human illness, classification of most human…
21 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Malaria
Malaria
Cinchona bark
Camillo Golgi
British military in India, 1890s
vector-borne disease caused by a protist. Widespread, mosquit…
source of quinine, which kills malaria parasite. Used as earl…
Roman physician who described plasmodium vivax and plasmodium…
used quinine in gin as an anti-malarial drug
Malaria
vector-borne disease caused by a protist. Widespread, mosquit…
Cinchona bark
source of quinine, which kills malaria parasite. Used as earl…
15 termscreated on December 9, 2016
In Class Questions
Streptomycin, which is an aminoglycosi…
The outer layer of this gram negative…
Lysis
The varicella zoster and shingles viru…
• What is the drug of choice for treating the Yersinia Pestis…
• What makes chlamydia resistant to certain antibiotics
• After the new rhinovirus virions are created they exit the…
• What type of virus classification is the varicella zoster a…
Streptomycin, which is an aminoglycosi…
• What is the drug of choice for treating the Yersinia Pestis…
The outer layer of this gram negative…
• What makes chlamydia resistant to certain antibiotics
15 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology HW 4: Final Test
Which is not true with regards to your…
Chief functions of the inflammatory re…
Not true in regards to neutrophils?
Antibodies can...?
Shows antigen specificity
All of the above: Bring immune components to injury site via…
They are part of adaptive immune response
All of the above: Block viral attachment, activate complement…
Which is not true with regards to your…
Shows antigen specificity
Chief functions of the inflammatory re…
All of the above: Bring immune components to injury site via…
113 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Final Exam
Define microorganisms
Explain extant organisms
Define prokaryotic cells
Define eukaryotes
- too small to be seen by the unaided eye... - lack of highly di…
- present today... - structures represent relics of ancient life
- no membrane bound structures or nucleus
- membrane bound structures and nucleus
Define microorganisms
- too small to be seen by the unaided eye... - lack of highly di…
Explain extant organisms
- present today... - structures represent relics of ancient life
94 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final Exam
resident microbiota
transient microbiota
microbial antagonism
mutualism
-type of normal flora... -is always present ... -includes bacteria,…
-type of normal flora... -present for short period of time when…
-occurs between bacteria species ... -compete for nutrients... -pro…
both members benefit ... (ex. e.coli in the intestines)
resident microbiota
-type of normal flora... -is always present ... -includes bacteria,…
transient microbiota
-type of normal flora... -present for short period of time when…
8 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Things to Remember
Reporter genes
Positive control
Negative control
sRNA
Easy to detect product; can be fused to other genes and regul…
Activator binds to activator binding site transcription proce…
Inducer inactivates repressor and transcription proceeds (cat…
Bacterial... Bind mRNA and affect translation, stability, replic…
Reporter genes
Easy to detect product; can be fused to other genes and regul…
Positive control
Activator binds to activator binding site transcription proce…
21 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Micro Final Exam
Thymic selection
In what way do most pathogens that the…
Microfold cells
Antigen-presenting cells associated wi…
Removal of T cells that will not recognize MHC molecules of t…
Gastrointestinal tract or lungs, where they will encounter ep…
-The way in which pathogens pass the epithelial cells... -Aka M…
B cells
Thymic selection
Removal of T cells that will not recognize MHC molecules of t…
In what way do most pathogens that the…
Gastrointestinal tract or lungs, where they will encounter ep…
24 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch 3
5 I's
inoculation
incubation
types of media
1. inoculation ... 2. incubation ... 3. isolation ... 4. inspection ... 5…
introduce microbes into culture
optimal temp is 37C for bacterial growth
- physical state (liquid, semisolid, solid)... - chemical compos…
5 I's
1. inoculation ... 2. incubation ... 3. isolation ... 4. inspection ... 5…
inoculation
introduce microbes into culture
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Chapter 24-Digestive System Infections
what is the difference between the dig…
what are the accessory organs in the d…
includes the mouth, salivary glands, e…
includes the small and large intestine…
digestive tract includes accessory organs as well (mouth to a…
salivary glands, liver, pancreas
upper digestive system
lower digestive system
what is the difference between the dig…
digestive tract includes accessory organs as well (mouth to a…
what are the accessory organs in the d…
salivary glands, liver, pancreas
50 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Chapter 13. Foundations in Microbiology Talaro, 9e
The human body:... a. exists in a state…
Many interactions between human body a…
Colonization of the body involves a co…
Contact, Colonization, Infection, Dise…
a
biofilms
give, take
normal flora
The human body:... a. exists in a state…
a
Many interactions between human body a…
biofilms
14 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch 26 Microbial Diseases of the Urinary and Reproductive Systems
Urinary System consists of:
Cystitis
Gonorrhea
Nonspecific Urethritis (NGU)
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder, and urethra
-Bacterial Disease... -E. coli ~80% -Staph ~ 10-20%... -ascending i…
-Bacterial Disease... -Neisseria gonorrhoea: g- diplococcus cont…
-Bacterial ... -inflammations of the urethra not caused by N. go…
Urinary System consists of:
2 kidneys, 2 ureters, bladder, and urethra
Cystitis
-Bacterial Disease... -E. coli ~80% -Staph ~ 10-20%... -ascending i…
38 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Medical microbiology session 19
Predominant species of the intestine
Staphylococcal food poisoning
Staphylococcal enterotoxin
Bacillus cereus
G- anaerobes and aerobes (bacteroids species)
-S. aureus produces exotoxin called enterotoxin
-heat stable, resistant to enzymatic destruction in the GI tr…
-G+ bacilli, aerobic, spore-forming ... -heating food may not ki…
Predominant species of the intestine
G- anaerobes and aerobes (bacteroids species)
Staphylococcal food poisoning
-S. aureus produces exotoxin called enterotoxin
18 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final pt. 2
What is Meningitis?
What is encephalitis?
Give the species name for Bacterial Me…
Give the species name for Meningoccal…
inflammation of the meninges
Inflammation of the brain... - causes fever, headache., stiff n…
Haemophilus influenzae
neisseria Meningitis
What is Meningitis?
inflammation of the meninges
What is encephalitis?
Inflammation of the brain... - causes fever, headache., stiff n…
43 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology (Talaro) - CH 15
What are antigens (Ag)?
What are 2 features that characterize…
Active immunity:
Passive immunity:
Anything that causes a specific immune response (from B cells…
(1) Specificity - the immune response is specific to the part…
results when a person is challenged with antigen that stimula…
preformed antibodies are given to an individual; does not cre…
What are antigens (Ag)?
Anything that causes a specific immune response (from B cells…
What are 2 features that characterize…
(1) Specificity - the immune response is specific to the part…
47 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology (Talaro) - Ch16
Allergy/hypersensitivity:
Autoimmunity:
Immunodeficiency:
What is cancer due to?
an exaggerated, misdirected immune response to an allergen.
an abnormal response to self antigens.
deficiency in immune function or loss of immunity.
Cancer can cause immune dysfunction (especially leukemias, wh…
Allergy/hypersensitivity:
an exaggerated, misdirected immune response to an allergen.
Autoimmunity:
an abnormal response to self antigens.
56 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology (Talaro) - CH13
Normal/Resident Flora:
Transients:
Pathogen:
Infection:
Microorganisms that normally inhabit the body; microbes that…
Microorganisms that inhabit the body for short periods of tim…
Infectious agent; disease-causing microbe.
When pathogenic or opportunistic microbes penetrate host defe…
Normal/Resident Flora:
Microorganisms that normally inhabit the body; microbes that…
Transients:
Microorganisms that inhabit the body for short periods of tim…
30 termscreated on December 9, 2016
microbiology chapter 13
Epitope
Haptens
Alloantigens
Superantigens
-Antigen receptors bind to a specific part of the antigen
-Molecules that can be bound by Ab but are too small to fully…
-Antigens used to identify self
-Toxins made by bacteria that over stimulates the immune syst…
Epitope
-Antigen receptors bind to a specific part of the antigen
Haptens
-Molecules that can be bound by Ab but are too small to fully…
51 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Ch. 24: Antimicrobial Drugs
VREs
Antimicrobial agents
Paul Ehrlich
Gerhard Domagk
Vancomycin resistant infections that are common in transplant…
Chemical substances used to treat infectious disease
Origin of the history of chemoctherapy who chemically synthes…
Used Prontosill, a red dye found to inhibit some gram-positiv…
VREs
Vancomycin resistant infections that are common in transplant…
Antimicrobial agents
Chemical substances used to treat infectious disease
18 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final
Pathogenesis
Pathogenicity
Immunity
What microbes inhabit your body?
The manner of development of a disease
the ability of an organism to cause disease (ie, harm the hos…
the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection o…
Normal Human Microbial Flora
Pathogenesis
The manner of development of a disease
Pathogenicity
the ability of an organism to cause disease (ie, harm the hos…
35 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Chapter 21-Respiratory System Infections
Contains the nose and nasal cavity, ph…
contains the larynx (voice box), trach…
at the ends of bronci, where the gas e…
why can you get Strep throat multiple…
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
alveoli
There are many different strains of strep and it would be har…
Contains the nose and nasal cavity, ph…
upper respiratory tract
contains the larynx (voice box), trach…
lower respiratory tract
32 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Micro set 2
Sterilization
Dry heat
Pasteurization
Autoclave
Treatment to destroy all microbial life (even destroys bacter…
Used to sterilize materials that can withstand high temps and…
Limits growth, but does not sterilize; used to slow spoilage…
Strong, heated container used for chemical reactions and othe…
Sterilization
Treatment to destroy all microbial life (even destroys bacter…
Dry heat
Used to sterilize materials that can withstand high temps and…
68 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Micro Final
microbiology
microbiome
phycology
extremophiles
Specialized area of biology that studies microorganisms
Term for the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on the…
Division of microbiology involving the study of algae
Organisms that are capable of living in extreme environments…
microbiology
Specialized area of biology that studies microorganisms
microbiome
Term for the aggregate of microorganisms that resides on the…
30 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Cardiovascular, lymphatic, and systematic diseases
Bacterial Endocarditis
septicemias
puerperal fever (aka childbed fever)
rheumatic fever
Bacteria... strep and staph ... lining and valves of the heart (car…
bacteria... staph pneumoniae, s. aureus, klebsiella, proteus, en…
bacteria... s. pyogenes (beta hemolytic strep)... cardiovascular sy…
bacteria... s. pyogenes ... cardiovascular system
Bacterial Endocarditis
Bacteria... strep and staph ... lining and valves of the heart (car…
septicemias
bacteria... staph pneumoniae, s. aureus, klebsiella, proteus, en…
36 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Final: Ch. 15
Define pathogenicity
Defined virulence
What are the mucous membrane portals o…
What are the skin portals of entry
The ability to cause disease
Extent of pathogenicity
RT, GI, Eurogenital track, conjunctiva
Hair follicles and sweat glands ducts
Define pathogenicity
The ability to cause disease
Defined virulence
Extent of pathogenicity
20 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Structure and Function of Living Organisms
viruses
microbiology
vaccines
bacteria
non-living particles composed of a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)…
a basic science that explores microscopic organisms
drugs used to control and prevent the spread of viral diseases
prokaryotic, single-celled organisms
viruses
non-living particles composed of a nucleic acid (DNA or RNA)…
microbiology
a basic science that explores microscopic organisms
10 termscreated on December 9, 2016
APLAC Vocabulary List 6
Podiatry
Microbiology
Proscribe
Portage
N. Study and treatment of foot aliments
N. Science concerned with the study of extremely small organi…
V. To prohibit, ban or banish
N., V. Act of carrying, the carrying of boats or goods overha…
Podiatry
N. Study and treatment of foot aliments
Microbiology
N. Science concerned with the study of extremely small organi…
68 termscreated on December 9, 2016
Microbiology Chap 15
Antigen
Specificity
Memory
Active immunity
Molecules that stimulate a response by T and B cells
Antibodies produced; Function only against antigen that they…
Lymphocytes are programmed to "recall" their first encounter…
Results when a person is challenged with antigen that stimula…
Antigen
Molecules that stimulate a response by T and B cells
Specificity
Antibodies produced; Function only against antigen that they…
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