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Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

16 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Hereditary Material
Protein Coat
Antibodies
Commonly named after the disease they cause, and are small co…
Responsible for reproduction of the virus.
Protects the hereditary material
Proteins produced by the body to fight infections.
Virus
Commonly named after the disease they cause, and are small co…
Hereditary Material
Responsible for reproduction of the virus.
70 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Retrovirus
Capsid
Tail fibre
non cellular made from genetic material
Virusthat conteins RNA as itd genetic information
Outer protein coat of a virus
tail of the virus
Virus
non cellular made from genetic material
Retrovirus
Virusthat conteins RNA as itd genetic information
Microbiology
Chocolate agar
Thayer-Martin agar
Bordet-Gengou agar
Tellurite agar
Culture medium for H. influenzae... Contains NAD+ and X (hematin)
Culture medium for N. gonorrhea and N. meningitidis... Contains…
Culture medium for B. pertussis... Contains potato
Culture medium for C. diphtheriae
Chocolate agar
Culture medium for H. influenzae... Contains NAD+ and X (hematin)
Thayer-Martin agar
Culture medium for N. gonorrhea and N. meningitidis... Contains…
22 terms
Microbiology
Infectious
Outbreaks
Epidemics
Pandemics
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ing…
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same plac…
An infectious disease occurring over a large geographical are…
Infectious
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
Outbreaks
two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ing…
81 terms
Microbiology
Purpose of Medical Microbiology
Cooperation between the microbiology l…
Salmonella causes....
When does antibody production usually…
- Isolate Infectious agent --- Complete day 1... -Identify infec…
-Collect all the samples in a sterile fashion and avoid conta…
typhoid fever
at 5 weeks
Purpose of Medical Microbiology
- Isolate Infectious agent --- Complete day 1... -Identify infec…
Cooperation between the microbiology l…
-Collect all the samples in a sterile fashion and avoid conta…
18 terms
Microbiology
Stronglyoidiasis
Giardia lamblia (cyst)
Clonorchiasis
Ascariasis
Stronglyoidiasis
Giardia lamblia (cyst)
54 terms
Microbiology
Carbon
Carbon
Chemohetertrophs get most of their car…
Chemoautotrophs and photoautotrophs de…
besides water, carbon is one of the most important requiremen…
structural backbone of living matter
the source of their energy-organic materials such as proteins…
carbon dioxide
Carbon
besides water, carbon is one of the most important requiremen…
Carbon
structural backbone of living matter
1,735 terms
Microbiology
Fermentation
Pasteurization
Germ theory of disease
Pure culture
The conversion of sugar to alcohol to make beer and wine.
Short bursts of heat that are hot enough to kill the bacteria…
Pasteur said the cause of disease was microbes. ... Lister devel…
A microbe population arising from a single cell or colony and…
Fermentation
The conversion of sugar to alcohol to make beer and wine.
Pasteurization
Short bursts of heat that are hot enough to kill the bacteria…
99 terms
microbiology
Koch's postulate 1
Koch's postulate 2
Koch's postulate 3
Koch's postulate 4
the microorganism must be present in all cases of the disease…
suspected microorganisms must be isolated and grown in pure c…
Same disease must result when isolated microorganism innocula…
Same microorganisms must be isolated again from diseased host
Koch's postulate 1
the microorganism must be present in all cases of the disease…
Koch's postulate 2
suspected microorganisms must be isolated and grown in pure c…
64 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryote characteristics
Surface structures of prokaryotes
Prokaryote chromosomes
Plasmids
1. small, unicellular... 2. membrane usually surrounded by cell…
flagella (movement)... fimbrae (adhesion)... pili (conjugation)
one chromosome in nucleoid, usually no introns
separate from nucleiod
Prokaryote characteristics
1. small, unicellular... 2. membrane usually surrounded by cell…
Surface structures of prokaryotes
flagella (movement)... fimbrae (adhesion)... pili (conjugation)
13 terms
Microbiology
Acquired Immunity
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AI…
Allergen
Anaphylactic Shock
protection developed as a result of exposure to a pathogen
disorder of the immune system caused by the human immunodefic…
substances that produce allergic reactions
an immediate, severe, sometimes fatal reaction to allergens
Acquired Immunity
protection developed as a result of exposure to a pathogen
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AI…
disorder of the immune system caused by the human immunodefic…
20 terms
Microbiology
Staph Aureus
Staph Epidermidis and Saprophyticus
Strep Pyogenes- Group A strep
Strep Agalactiae- Group B strep
Staph Aureus
Staph Epidermidis and Saprophyticus
74 terms
Microbiology
What is a Microbe?
6 Kingdoms of living organism
Which Kingdoms include Microbes?
What are the different types of microb…
Small living organisms too small to see with a naked eye (les…
Eubacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia ... Plantae
All the kingdoms
Bacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia... Plantae... (unic…
What is a Microbe?
Small living organisms too small to see with a naked eye (les…
6 Kingdoms of living organism
Eubacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia ... Plantae
59 terms
Microbiology
Non living microbes
Virus
Viroid
Prion
Infection agents:Viruses, Viroids, Prions
particles with a protein coat (capsid)and genetic material-ei…
Infectious RNA, no protein, Infects plants only,
protein molecule with infectious qualities like a viral genom…
Non living microbes
Infection agents:Viruses, Viroids, Prions
Virus
particles with a protein coat (capsid)and genetic material-ei…
12 terms
Microbiology
Novobiocin
Optochin vs bacitracin
E coli
Which drugs inactivate EF-2 ( elongate…
Staphylococcus . Epidermitis; S. Saprophytus
Alpha hemolysis(Streptococcus. Pneumonia; S. Varidans) : Apto…
lactose fermenting
Pseudomonas ( G-) , corynebacterium diphtheriae (G+)
Novobiocin
Staphylococcus . Epidermitis; S. Saprophytus
Optochin vs bacitracin
Alpha hemolysis(Streptococcus. Pneumonia; S. Varidans) : Apto…
17 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Bacteria
Fungi
Parasite
non-living particle made of that must invade a host to survive.
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
group of organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the…
organism that feed on another individual
Virus
non-living particle made of that must invade a host to survive.
Bacteria
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
271 terms
Microbiology
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
The lowest concentration of antibiotic…
Which of the following clean catch uri…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
a minimum inhibitory concentration... a The MIC is a basic labo…
b 10^3 CFU/mL... b Patients with infection often have at least…
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
107 terms
Microbiology
6 kingdoms in microbiology
Microorganism is any organisms too sma…
Organisms that classified as a Protist…
Microorganisms without a true nucleus…
Plants, Animals, Protista , Fungi, Archaebacteria , Eubacteria.
Protista
A true nucleus
Monera
6 kingdoms in microbiology
Plants, Animals, Protista , Fungi, Archaebacteria , Eubacteria.
Microorganism is any organisms too sma…
Protista
42 terms
Microbiology
What is LUCA?
What are the three domains for all cel…
What are Koch's postulates? (Criteria…
Autotroph
Last Universal Common Ancestor... One population of cells that…
Bacteria, Archaea and Eucarya ... This is based on ribosomal RN…
1. The agent (cause of disease) must be present in every case…
An organism that produces complex organic substances from ino…
What is LUCA?
Last Universal Common Ancestor... One population of cells that…
What are the three domains for all cel…
Bacteria, Archaea and Eucarya ... This is based on ribosomal RN…
79 terms
Microbiology
Study of small living things
5 groups of Organisms that are categor…
Are all organisms widely distributed i…
What is the range of sizes of microorg…
Microbiology
Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Viruses, and Protozoa
Yes!
15nm-5mm
Study of small living things
Microbiology
5 groups of Organisms that are categor…
Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Viruses, and Protozoa
402 terms
Microbiology
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
The lowest concentration of antibiotic…
Which of the following clean catch uri…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
a minimum inhibitory concentration... a The MIC is a basic labo…
b 10^3 CFU/mL... b Patients with infection often have at least…
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
21 terms
Microbiology
bacteria
coccus
capsule
endospore
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shape…
A spherical bacterium.
A sticky layer that surrounds the cell walls of some bacteria…
A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
bacteria
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shape…
coccus
A spherical bacterium.
43 terms
Microbiology
Differentiate between eukaryotic and p…
Differentiate between eukaryotic and p…
What is the extrachromosomal DNA in pr…
What cellular activity occurs in the c…
Eukaryotic: membrane-bound; contains many chromosomes... Prokar…
Eukaryotic: cell membrane (lipid bilayer)... Prokaryotic: rigid…
Eukaryotes: organelles (mitochondria)... Prokaryotes: plasmid (…
Cell respiration
Differentiate between eukaryotic and p…
Eukaryotic: membrane-bound; contains many chromosomes... Prokar…
Differentiate between eukaryotic and p…
Eukaryotic: cell membrane (lipid bilayer)... Prokaryotic: rigid…
402 terms
Microbiology
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
The lowest concentration of antibiotic…
Which of the following clean catch uri…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
a minimum inhibitory concentration... a The MIC is a basic labo…
b 10^3 CFU/mL... b Patients with infection often have at least…
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
20 terms
Microbiology
Coccus
Bacillus
What is Gram staining used for?
Why do we heat fix our sample to the s…
spherical cells
shaped like rods or cylinders
To categorize bacteria as gram positive or gram negative
To prevent the sample from washing off, preserve cell morphol…
Coccus
spherical cells
Bacillus
shaped like rods or cylinders
12 terms
MICROBIOLOGY
1.What are microrganism?
2.Differentiate and discuss the major…
3.Discuss and illustrate different way…
4.Discuss and illustrate Gram Staining…
Microorganisms are minute living things that individually are…
Microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa
Shapes -round(cocci), rod shaped(bacilli), spriral(spriochete…
...The Gram stain method was developed in 1884 by a Dutch phy…
1.What are microrganism?
Microorganisms are minute living things that individually are…
2.Differentiate and discuss the major…
Microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa
144 terms
Microbiology
Who pointed out a century ago that mic…
What year was the word 'Microbe' intro…
What are the four important behaviors…
Who invented the first 'Simple' Micros…
Louis Pastor
1878 by Charles Sedillot.
1. Size Relationship... 2. Spatial Relationship... 3. Behavior... 4. S…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Who pointed out a century ago that mic…
Louis Pastor
What year was the word 'Microbe' intro…
1878 by Charles Sedillot.
17 terms
Microbiology
Host
Infection
Pathogen
Primary Pathogen
Larger organism that supports the survival and growth of a sm…
A parasite growing and multiplying within or on a host. May o…
Any parasitic organism that causes infectious disease
Causes disease by direct interaction with healthy host
Host
Larger organism that supports the survival and growth of a sm…
Infection
A parasite growing and multiplying within or on a host. May o…
44 terms
Microbiology
Naturally active, naturally passive, a…
Saprophytic bacteria exhibit all of th…
Surface tension is significant in disi…
The process of completely removing or…
c. Acquired immunity
c. Use living organic matter as food
a. Low tension liquids spread over a greater area
d. Sterilization
Naturally active, naturally passive, a…
c. Acquired immunity
Saprophytic bacteria exhibit all of th…
c. Use living organic matter as food
52 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology:
What are the 5 major microorganisms?
Who is Girolamo Fracostora?
Who is Anthony VanLeeuwenhoek?
The study of small life forms: BFPC... 1. Bacteria, ... 2. Fungi (M…
V B F P A (Victor Barks For Parents Arrival)... 1. Viruses... 2. Ba…
recognized existence of tiny "living particles" that cause ca…
First to discover: BACTERIA. ... First person to "see" a microbe…
Microbiology:
The study of small life forms: BFPC... 1. Bacteria, ... 2. Fungi (M…
What are the 5 major microorganisms?
V B F P A (Victor Barks For Parents Arrival)... 1. Viruses... 2. Ba…
44 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microbiologist
cell
microorganism
is the study of microscopic organism like cells, bacteria, vi…
a scientist who studies microbiology
is the simplest form of life
living things that can only be seen under a microscope
microbiology
is the study of microscopic organism like cells, bacteria, vi…
microbiologist
a scientist who studies microbiology
24 terms
Microbiology
What two mechanisms do extracellular b…
How do intracellular bacterium cause p…
What are the two receptors of innate i…
What is the hygeine theory?
1. Inflammation... 2. Toxins
1. Chronic infection that damages host tissue
1. PAMPS - on phagocytes... 2. TLR - on phagocytes and dendritic…
-Increased incidence of allergies, asthma, and autoimmunity m…
What two mechanisms do extracellular b…
1. Inflammation... 2. Toxins
How do intracellular bacterium cause p…
1. Chronic infection that damages host tissue
93 terms
Microbiology
mobility of Borrelia burgdorferi
is Borrelia burgdorferi aerobic, anaer…
is Borrelia burgdorferi gram postitive…
how is Borrelia burgdorferi transmitted
motile
aerobic
gram negative
ticks
mobility of Borrelia burgdorferi
motile
is Borrelia burgdorferi aerobic, anaer…
aerobic
75 terms
Microbiology Lab
Urea agar slant
Kliger Iron
Phenylalanine
Coagulase
Urea agar slant
Kliger Iron
22 terms
Microbiology
rhinovirus
Influenza virus
Ebola?
3 categories of microbial virulence fa…
(ss+RNA, naked virion)... causes common cold... high infectivity, l…
(ss-RNA, segmented, enveloped)... causes flu... moderate infectivit…
(ss-RNA, enveloped)... causes hemorrhagic fever... high infectivity…
Structures involved in attachment, adherence and invasion... To…
rhinovirus
(ss+RNA, naked virion)... causes common cold... high infectivity, l…
Influenza virus
(ss-RNA, segmented, enveloped)... causes flu... moderate infectivit…
Microbiology
Mycobacterium tuberculosum
Bacillus anthracis
Rickettsia rickettsii
Chlamydia trachomatis
Tuberculosis
Anthrax
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
STD Chlamydia
Mycobacterium tuberculosum
Tuberculosis
Bacillus anthracis
Anthrax
134 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Microbiota
Father of Microbiology
Leeuwenhoek Contributions to Microbiol…
Study of small organisms called microorganisms or microbiota
Unseen world of living things
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
1st person to observe living microorganisms/referred to them…
Microbiology
Study of small organisms called microorganisms or microbiota
Microbiota
Unseen world of living things
52 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Acelluar=viruses
Bacteriophages
Bacteria, no organelles/true nucleus, has cell wall.
Fungi, protozoa(single cell), helminthes(worms)
genetic material (nucleic acid) incased in protein coat. Viru…
viruses that use bacteria as host
Prokaryotes
Bacteria, no organelles/true nucleus, has cell wall.
Eukaryotes
Fungi, protozoa(single cell), helminthes(worms)
132 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Examples of microbes...
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria outnumber human cells
the study of small life
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
unicellular
10: 1
Microbiology
the study of small life
Examples of microbes...
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
69 terms
Microbiology
Gram Staining
What happens if the smear is too thick?
What happens if the smear is too thin?
What happens if heat fixation is inade…
1) Label slide... 2) Use a loop to transfer bacteria to slide an…
Stain will not infiltrate
Bacteria are hard to find
Patchy slide (washes off)
Gram Staining
1) Label slide... 2) Use a loop to transfer bacteria to slide an…
What happens if the smear is too thick?
Stain will not infiltrate
132 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Examples of microbes...
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria outnumber human cells
the study of small life
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
unicellular
10: 1
Microbiology
the study of small life
Examples of microbes...
Bacteria, Archaea ,Fungi, Protozoa ,Multicellular Animal Para…
73 terms
Microbiology
b. b and d
c. c
A culture medium consisting of agar, h…
...
In Figure 6.2, which sections of the graph illustrate a logar…
In Figure 6.1, which line best depicts a psychrophile incubat…
b. Complex medium.
Figure 6.3 shows three containers of water connected by tubes…
b. b and d
In Figure 6.2, which sections of the graph illustrate a logar…
c. c
In Figure 6.1, which line best depicts a psychrophile incubat…
104 terms
Microbiology
Microbes are mostly...
Bacteria are...
Prokaryotic means...
3 shapes of bacteria are...
unicellular
Prokaryotic & unicellular
before nucleus & no membrane bound organelles
coccus, bacillus, & spirillium
Microbes are mostly...
unicellular
Bacteria are...
Prokaryotic & unicellular
96 terms
Microbiology
Francesco Redi
Rudolph Virchow
Edward Jenner
Robert Hooke
In 1668, demonstrated that maggots appeared only in decaying…
Introduced the concept that living cells arise from other liv…
Introduced the technique of vaccination for smallpox
First to use the microscope to observe "cells"
Francesco Redi
In 1668, demonstrated that maggots appeared only in decaying…
Rudolph Virchow
Introduced the concept that living cells arise from other liv…
30 terms
Microbiology
Instruction Sheet W2 BLANKS:... - Define…
Quadrant streak technique:... - how much…
Difference between colony and CFU
Quadrant plate questions:... - What if no…
- colony: mass of single-type cells formed from single cell/s…
- maximize the space used ... - Q1: confluent growth (colonies…
CFU is theoretical, colony is what you actually see
- no overlap --> no isolation... - too much overlap --> too much…
Instruction Sheet W2 BLANKS:... - Define…
- colony: mass of single-type cells formed from single cell/s…
Quadrant streak technique:... - how much…
- maximize the space used ... - Q1: confluent growth (colonies…
58 terms
Microbiology
Virulence is the relative ability of a…
The first microorganisms to colonize t…
Extensive growth of the streptococci i…
To speed the establishment of competit…
Pathogen
Staphylococcus aureus/ecoli
Dental plaque
Probiotics
Virulence is the relative ability of a…
Pathogen
The first microorganisms to colonize t…
Staphylococcus aureus/ecoli
45 terms
Microbiology
Which of these could be a factor that…
Which of the following is characterize…
Where is LPS found?
Which of the following scientists esta…
-Animal Flora exists in the intestines of humans... -Some humans…
Mycobacteria
In the gram negative cell wall
Robert Koch
Which of these could be a factor that…
-Animal Flora exists in the intestines of humans... -Some humans…
Which of the following is characterize…
Mycobacteria
49 terms
Microbiology
The three basic type of hemolysis for…
Streptococcus Group A or Streptococcus…
Streptococcus Group B or Streptococcus…
Group D streptococcus or Enterococcus…
a. alpha- partial (greenish halo)... b. beta- complete... c. gamma-…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: alpha/beta/gamma... gram posi…
The three basic type of hemolysis for…
a. alpha- partial (greenish halo)... b. beta- complete... c. gamma-…
Streptococcus Group A or Streptococcus…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
79 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Contaminated
Bacteria
Pathogenic
The study of small living organisms called microbes
Anything that is dirty
Also called Germs or Microbes. Are one-celled microorganisms.
Disease-producing bacteria
Microbiology
The study of small living organisms called microbes
Contaminated
Anything that is dirty
29 terms
Microbiology
prokaryotes
bacillus
spirilla
chemoheterotroph
cells that do not contain nuclei
rod-shaped prokaryote
spiral and corkscrew-shaped prokaryotes
organism that must take in organic molecules for both energy…
prokaryotes
cells that do not contain nuclei
bacillus
rod-shaped prokaryote
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