Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

100 terms
Microbiology
aerobes
anaerobes
bacilli
candida
Bacteria that requires oxygen to grow
Bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen and are destroyed…
Rod shaped bacteria that causes tuberculosis and other diseases
A yeast commonly found in the oral cavity, gastrointestinal t…
aerobes
Bacteria that requires oxygen to grow
anaerobes
Bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen and are destroyed…
Microbiology
Protist
Fungus
Parasite
Host
an organism that belongs to the kingdom protista
an organism whose cells have nuclei, rigid cell walls, and no…
an organism that feeds on an organism of another species and…
an organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter.
Protist
an organism that belongs to the kingdom protista
Fungus
an organism whose cells have nuclei, rigid cell walls, and no…
Microbiology
endotoxins
exotoxins
3 types of exotoxins
enterotoxins
are lipid A component of LPS, released from lysed or damaged…
Usually protein based materials .produced by both gram positi…
A-B toxins (A-active enzyme B-binding )... most common e.g. botu…
released by enteric bacteria (grows in GIT), HAVE POTENTIAL T…
endotoxins
are lipid A component of LPS, released from lysed or damaged…
exotoxins
Usually protein based materials .produced by both gram positi…
Microbiology
glucose
matter
energy
monomer
one example of a monomer carbohydrate
Everything that has mass and takes up space (everything excep…
Non-matter (heat, light, and sound)
A simple molecule that can bond together to form a polymer ch…
glucose
one example of a monomer carbohydrate
matter
Everything that has mass and takes up space (everything excep…
37 terms
Microbiology
parasite
bacteria
asexual reproduction
binary fission
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal…
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and i…
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by…
parasite
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal…
bacteria
single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus; prokaryotes
56 terms
Microbiology
The five I's
Inoculation
incubation
isolation
Inoculation... Incubation... Isolation... Inspection... Identification
introduction of microorganisms into or onto a new environment…
culturing of microbes under controlled optimal environmental…
the separation of microbes from a mixed culture into isolated…
The five I's
Inoculation... Incubation... Isolation... Inspection... Identification
Inoculation
introduction of microorganisms into or onto a new environment…
Microbiology
Fermentation
Pasteurization
Germ theory of disease
Pure culture
The conversion of sugar to alcohol to make beer and wine.
Short bursts of heat that are hot enough to kill the bacteria…
Pasteur said the cause of disease was microbes. ... Lister devel…
A microbe population arising from a single cell or colony and…
Fermentation
The conversion of sugar to alcohol to make beer and wine.
Pasteurization
Short bursts of heat that are hot enough to kill the bacteria…
Microbiology
Chocolate agar
Thayer-Martin agar
Bordet-Gengou agar
Tellurite agar
Culture medium for H. influenzae... Contains NAD+ and X (hematin)
Culture medium for N. gonorrhea and N. meningitidis... Contains…
Culture medium for B. pertussis... Contains potato
Culture medium for C. diphtheriae
Chocolate agar
Culture medium for H. influenzae... Contains NAD+ and X (hematin)
Thayer-Martin agar
Culture medium for N. gonorrhea and N. meningitidis... Contains…
5 terms
Microbiology
English
prokaryote
Eukaryote
Fungi
English
Without membrane and nucleus
Presence of membrane and nucleus
Mushroom and Yeast
English
English
prokaryote
Without membrane and nucleus
5 terms
Microbiology
Photosynthesis
Prokaryote
Fungi
Protozoa
Organisms with pigments can perform this
Microbes without nucleus
Eukaryotic organisms that cannot make their own food
Some can be pathogenic that cause diarrhoea
Photosynthesis
Organisms with pigments can perform this
Prokaryote
Microbes without nucleus
Microbiology
Non living microbes
Virus
Viroid
Prion
Infection agents:Viruses, Viroids, Prions
particles with a protein coat (capsid)and genetic material-ei…
Infectious RNA, no protein, Infects plants only,
protein molecule with infectious qualities like a viral genom…
Non living microbes
Infection agents:Viruses, Viroids, Prions
Virus
particles with a protein coat (capsid)and genetic material-ei…
13 terms
Microbiology
Acquired Immunity
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AI…
Allergen
Anaphylactic Shock
protection developed as a result of exposure to a pathogen
disorder of the immune system caused by the human immunodefic…
substances that produce allergic reactions
an immediate, severe, sometimes fatal reaction to allergens
Acquired Immunity
protection developed as a result of exposure to a pathogen
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AI…
disorder of the immune system caused by the human immunodefic…
Microbiology
What is a Microbe?
6 Kingdoms of living organism
Which Kingdoms include Microbes?
What are the different types of microb…
Small living organisms too small to see with a naked eye (les…
Eubacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia ... Plantae
All the kingdoms
Bacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia... Plantae... (unic…
What is a Microbe?
Small living organisms too small to see with a naked eye (les…
6 Kingdoms of living organism
Eubacteria... Archeobacteria... Protista... Fungi... Animalia ... Plantae
64 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryote characteristics
Surface structures of prokaryotes
Prokaryote chromosomes
Plasmids
1. small, unicellular... 2. membrane usually surrounded by cell…
flagella (movement)... fimbrae (adhesion)... pili (conjugation)
one chromosome in nucleoid, usually no introns
separate from nucleiod
Prokaryote characteristics
1. small, unicellular... 2. membrane usually surrounded by cell…
Surface structures of prokaryotes
flagella (movement)... fimbrae (adhesion)... pili (conjugation)
17 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Bacteria
Fungi
Parasite
non-living particle made of that must invade a host to survive.
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
group of organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the…
organism that feed on another individual
Virus
non-living particle made of that must invade a host to survive.
Bacteria
microscopic living organisms, usually one-celled, that can be…
143 terms
Microbiology
2 sugars that are in bacterial peptido…
Peptidoglycan= polymer sheets of sugar…
What two antibiotic classes act on pep…
Which bugs do NOT gram stain well?
NAG and NAM... N-acetylglucosamine... N-acetylmuramic acid
Attached to NAM (NOT nag)... Peptides have 3-5 AAs
1) Penicillins... 2) Cephalosporins... Gram + has THICK peptidogly…
These Microbes May Lack Real Color... Treponema... Mycobacteria- h…
2 sugars that are in bacterial peptido…
NAG and NAM... N-acetylglucosamine... N-acetylmuramic acid
Peptidoglycan= polymer sheets of sugar…
Attached to NAM (NOT nag)... Peptides have 3-5 AAs
16 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Hereditary Material
Protein Coat
Antibodies
Commonly named after the disease they cause, and are small co…
Responsible for reproduction of the virus.
Protects the hereditary material
Proteins produced by the body to fight infections.
Virus
Commonly named after the disease they cause, and are small co…
Hereditary Material
Responsible for reproduction of the virus.
271 terms
Microbiology
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
The lowest concentration of antibiotic…
Which of the following clean catch uri…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
a minimum inhibitory concentration... a The MIC is a basic labo…
b 10^3 CFU/mL... b Patients with infection often have at least…
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
Microbiology
Which of these could be a factor that…
Which of the following is characterize…
Where is LPS found?
Which of the following scientists esta…
-Animal Flora exists in the intestines of humans... -Some humans…
Mycobacteria
In the gram negative cell wall
Robert Koch
Which of these could be a factor that…
-Animal Flora exists in the intestines of humans... -Some humans…
Which of the following is characterize…
Mycobacteria
58 terms
Microbiology
Virulence is the relative ability of a…
The first microorganisms to colonize t…
Extensive growth of the streptococci i…
To speed the establishment of competit…
Pathogen
Staphylococcus aureus/ecoli
Dental plaque
Probiotics
Virulence is the relative ability of a…
Pathogen
The first microorganisms to colonize t…
Staphylococcus aureus/ecoli
Microbiology
The three basic type of hemolysis for…
Streptococcus Group A or Streptococcus…
Streptococcus Group B or Streptococcus…
Group D streptococcus or Enterococcus…
a. alpha- partial (greenish halo)... b. beta- complete... c. gamma-…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: alpha/beta/gamma... gram posi…
The three basic type of hemolysis for…
a. alpha- partial (greenish halo)... b. beta- complete... c. gamma-…
Streptococcus Group A or Streptococcus…
catalase: negative... hemolysis type: beta... gram positive cocci i…
Microbiology
6 kingdoms in microbiology
Microorganism is any organisms too sma…
Organisms that classified as a Protist…
Microorganisms without a true nucleus…
Plants, Animals, Protista , Fungi, Archaebacteria , Eubacteria.
Protista
A true nucleus
Monera
6 kingdoms in microbiology
Plants, Animals, Protista , Fungi, Archaebacteria , Eubacteria.
Microorganism is any organisms too sma…
Protista
79 terms
Microbiology
Study of small living things
5 groups of Organisms that are categor…
Are all organisms widely distributed i…
What is the range of sizes of microorg…
Microbiology
Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Viruses, and Protozoa
Yes!
15nm-5mm
Study of small living things
Microbiology
5 groups of Organisms that are categor…
Bacteria, Algae, Fungi, Viruses, and Protozoa
20 terms
Microbiology
Gram Staining Review
Name other stains used for bacteria id…
Acid-fast stain
Giemsa stain
-Used to categorize bacteria as gram positive and gram negati…
1. Acid-fast stain... 2. Giemsa stain... 3. Gram-variable reaction
"Acid-fast" bacteria will appear red (for Mycobacterium and N…
Used to detect spirochetes and rickettsiae and demonstrate th…
Gram Staining Review
-Used to categorize bacteria as gram positive and gram negati…
Name other stains used for bacteria id…
1. Acid-fast stain... 2. Giemsa stain... 3. Gram-variable reaction
402 terms
Microbiology
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
The lowest concentration of antibiotic…
Which of the following clean catch uri…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
a minimum inhibitory concentration... a The MIC is a basic labo…
b 10^3 CFU/mL... b Patients with infection often have at least…
Proper media for culture of a urethral…
d chocolate and modified Thayer-Martin agars... d Chocolate aga…
A sheep blood agar plate inoculated wi…
d 70,000... d When 0.001 mL of urine is plated, the growth of o…
53 terms
microbiology
All of the chemical reactions of the c…
The breakdown of peptidoglycan to N-ac…
3. Enzymes are... broken down in reactio…
4. Formation of peptide bonds between…
metabolism
catabolism
proteins that function as catalysts
anabolism
All of the chemical reactions of the c…
metabolism
The breakdown of peptidoglycan to N-ac…
catabolism
21 terms
Microbiology
bacteria
coccus
capsule
endospore
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shape…
A spherical bacterium.
A sticky layer that surrounds the cell walls of some bacteria…
A thick-walled protective spore that forms inside a bacterial…
bacteria
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shape…
coccus
A spherical bacterium.
54 terms
Microbiology
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacterio…
Bacillus and Lactobacillus are not in…
Which of the following is used to clas…
Which of the following is not true abo…
groups bacteria according to phylogenetic relationships
morphological characteristics
absorptive; possess cell wall; eukaryotic
names vary with geographical location
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacterio…
groups bacteria according to phylogenetic relationships
Bacillus and Lactobacillus are not in…
morphological characteristics
44 terms
Microbiology
Naturally active, naturally passive, a…
Saprophytic bacteria exhibit all of th…
Surface tension is significant in disi…
The process of completely removing or…
c. Acquired immunity
c. Use living organic matter as food
a. Low tension liquids spread over a greater area
d. Sterilization
Naturally active, naturally passive, a…
c. Acquired immunity
Saprophytic bacteria exhibit all of th…
c. Use living organic matter as food
69 terms
Microbiology
Serological testing is based on the fa…
Phage typing is based on the fact that…
Nucleic acid hybridization is based on…
4) Which of the following statements r…
all
C. bacterial viruses attack specific cells
Pairing between complementary bases occurs
Most fungi are pathogenic for humans
Serological testing is based on the fa…
all
Phage typing is based on the fact that…
C. bacterial viruses attack specific cells
27 terms
Microbiology
What occurs when pathogens invade the…
What is droplet infection
What is the prodromal period of an inf…
List three infectious diseases caused…
When a pathogen enters the body, it attempts to invade the ti…
Droplet infection is the mode of transmission of pathogens. T…
Is a short period in which the first symptoms that indicate a…
Boils, carbuncles, and impetigo
What occurs when pathogens invade the…
When a pathogen enters the body, it attempts to invade the ti…
What is droplet infection
Droplet infection is the mode of transmission of pathogens. T…
44 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microbiologist
cell
microorganism
is the study of microscopic organism like cells, bacteria, vi…
a scientist who studies microbiology
is the simplest form of life
living things that can only be seen under a microscope
microbiology
is the study of microscopic organism like cells, bacteria, vi…
microbiologist
a scientist who studies microbiology
30 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
10 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
30 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
a specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
Microscopic acellular agent composed of nucleic acid surround…
Heterotrophic uni-celluar or multi-celluar eukaryotic organis…
Microbiology
a specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Bacteria
Category of prokaryotes with peptidoglycan in their cell wall…
61 terms
Microbiology
Which of the following is the best met…
Which of the following best describes…
Which of the following chemical agents…
Which of the following substances is u…
membrane filtration
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
ethylene oxide
chlorhexidine
Which of the following is the best met…
membrane filtration
Which of the following best describes…
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
16 terms
Microbiology
vector
infectious disease
virus
bacteria
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces i…
-Prokaryote
vector
An animal that transmits disease. For example a mosquito:mala…
infectious disease
A disease that is caused by a pathogen and that can be spread…
183 terms
Microbiology
What is the only Gram (+) that has end…
key features of gram + bugs
key features of gram - bugs
responsible for the toxicity of the en…
Listeria
thick Peptidoglycan wall... only one cell membrane... - More likely…
- One layer in their Peptidoglycan wall... - More likely to have…
=' Lipid A... same for every gram -
What is the only Gram (+) that has end…
Listeria
key features of gram + bugs
thick Peptidoglycan wall... only one cell membrane... - More likely…
46 terms
Microbiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Pathology
Organelles
Study of internal and external body strcuture
Study of the functions of those structures and how they work
Study of disease processes
Small units within the cell responsible for a specific function
Anatomy
Study of internal and external body strcuture
Physiology
Study of the functions of those structures and how they work
18 terms
Microbiology
Bacteria
Domain
Kingdom
Louis Pasteur
A single-celled organism with no nucleus; structured as eithe…
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three categ…
A taxonomic category, the second broadest after domain. The s…
(1822 - 1895) A French chemist and microbiologist. He revolut…
Bacteria
A single-celled organism with no nucleus; structured as eithe…
Domain
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three categ…
144 terms
Microbiology
Who pointed out a century ago that mic…
What year was the word 'Microbe' intro…
What are the four important behaviors…
Who invented the first 'Simple' Micros…
Louis Pastor
1878 by Charles Sedillot.
1. Size Relationship... 2. Spatial Relationship... 3. Behavior... 4. S…
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek
Who pointed out a century ago that mic…
Louis Pastor
What year was the word 'Microbe' intro…
1878 by Charles Sedillot.
26 terms
Microbiology
Gram stain positive- purple
Gram stain negative= pink/red
Gram + wall
Gram - wall
ex. Strep, staph
ex. E. Coli, Neisseria
thick layer of peptidoglycan
Thin layer of peptidoglycan with lipopolysaccharide & protein…
Gram stain positive- purple
ex. Strep, staph
Gram stain negative= pink/red
ex. E. Coli, Neisseria
228 terms
Microbiology
Pathogenicity
Virulence
ID 50
LD 50
The ability to cause disease
The extent of pathogenicity
Infectious dose for 50% of the test population
Lethal dose (of a toxin) for 50% of the test population
Pathogenicity
The ability to cause disease
Virulence
The extent of pathogenicity
73 terms
Microbiology
b. b and d
c. c
A culture medium consisting of agar, h…
...
In Figure 6.2, which sections of the graph illustrate a logar…
In Figure 6.1, which line best depicts a psychrophile incubat…
b. Complex medium.
Figure 6.3 shows three containers of water connected by tubes…
b. b and d
In Figure 6.2, which sections of the graph illustrate a logar…
c. c
In Figure 6.1, which line best depicts a psychrophile incubat…
13 terms
Microbiology
Eyepiece
Arm
Body tube
Stage clips
contains the a 10X magnifying lens
supports the body tube which connects the eyepiece to the set…
connects the eyepiece to nosepiece
hold the microscope slide in place while viewing
Eyepiece
contains the a 10X magnifying lens
Arm
supports the body tube which connects the eyepiece to the set…
22 terms
Microbiology
rhinovirus
Influenza virus
Ebola?
3 categories of microbial virulence fa…
(ss+RNA, naked virion)... causes common cold... high infectivity, l…
(ss-RNA, segmented, enveloped)... causes flu... moderate infectivit…
(ss-RNA, enveloped)... causes hemorrhagic fever... high infectivity…
Structures involved in attachment, adherence and invasion... To…
rhinovirus
(ss+RNA, naked virion)... causes common cold... high infectivity, l…
Influenza virus
(ss-RNA, segmented, enveloped)... causes flu... moderate infectivit…
Microbiology
pathogens
Robert Hooke
Antony van Leeuwenhoek
spontaneous generation
are disease-causing agents; causing diseases like the plague,…
English natural philosopher who conducted detailed studies on…
He observed what he thought were tiny, living animals and cal…
suggests that forms of life can arise from non-living decayin…
pathogens
are disease-causing agents; causing diseases like the plague,…
Robert Hooke
English natural philosopher who conducted detailed studies on…
Microbiology
Innate Immunity
Adaptive Immunity
Antimicrobial Drugs and Vaccines
Disease and Epidemiology
...
...
...
...
Innate Immunity
...
Adaptive Immunity
...
394 terms
Microbiology
All
Some
Eukarya
rRNA
Growth, Metabolism and Evolution are properties of (All/Some)…
Differentiation, communication, genetic exchange and motility…
Archaea is most closely related to _________
Three domains established via gene sequencing what molecule?
All
Growth, Metabolism and Evolution are properties of (All/Some)…
Some
Differentiation, communication, genetic exchange and motility…
22 terms
Microbiology
Novobiocin
Optochin vs bacitracin
E coli
Which drugs inactivate EF-2 ( elongate…
Staphylococcus . Epidermitis; S. Saprophytus
Alpha hemolysis(Streptococcus. Pneumonia; S. Varidans) : Apto…
lactose fermenting
Pseudomonas ( G-) , corynebacterium diphtheriae (G+)
Novobiocin
Staphylococcus . Epidermitis; S. Saprophytus
Optochin vs bacitracin
Alpha hemolysis(Streptococcus. Pneumonia; S. Varidans) : Apto…
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