Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

98 terms
Microbiology
In 1910 this person discovered Salvars…
In 1935 this person discovered a red d…
In 1936 this person discovered it was…
In 1928 this person discovered the 1st…
Paul Ehrlich
Gerhard Domagk
Ernest Fourneau
Alexander Flemming
In 1910 this person discovered Salvars…
Paul Ehrlich
In 1935 this person discovered a red d…
Gerhard Domagk
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
Microbiology
teichoic acid
LPS
periplasmic
negative
Gram-positive Cell Structure ... Contains cell membrane... Very th…
Gram-negative Cell Structure ... Contains cell membrane... Very th…
Gram-negative Cell Structure ... Contains cell membrane... Very th…
Has two layers? ... Gram-negative or Gram-positive
teichoic acid
Gram-positive Cell Structure ... Contains cell membrane... Very th…
LPS
Gram-negative Cell Structure ... Contains cell membrane... Very th…
Microbiology
Cells
Viruses
Bacteria
Algae
The basic units of structure and function in living things
Tiny acellular (consisting of one cell only.) entities on the…
single-celled organisms with spherical, rod or spiral shapes,…
Single-celled microscopic organisms. Algae have a clearly def…
Cells
The basic units of structure and function in living things
Viruses
Tiny acellular (consisting of one cell only.) entities on the…
107 terms
Microbiology
Top three infectious diseases in the w…
Three domains for classification of li…
Binomial nomenclature
Acellular organisms
HIV - virus... Tuberculosis - bacteria ... Malaria - protozoan
Eukaryotes - humans, plants, animals, yeast, fungi... Bacteria -…
Ex: Escherichia coli... Capitalize the "E" in the genus... Lowerca…
Viruses: Infectious agents that dont have cell walls or cell…
Top three infectious diseases in the w…
HIV - virus... Tuberculosis - bacteria ... Malaria - protozoan
Three domains for classification of li…
Eukaryotes - humans, plants, animals, yeast, fungi... Bacteria -…
61 terms
Microbiology
Which of the following is the best met…
Which of the following best describes…
Which of the following chemical agents…
Which of the following substances is u…
membrane filtration
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
ethylene oxide
chlorhexidine
Which of the following is the best met…
membrane filtration
Which of the following best describes…
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
Microbiology
Aerobes
Anaerobes
Obligate Intracellulars
Facultative Intracellular
Nocardia, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium TB, Bacillus.
Clostridium, Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces.
Rickettsia, Chlamydia, Coxiella.
Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Listeria, Fra…
Aerobes
Nocardia, Pseudomonas, Mycobacterium TB, Bacillus.
Anaerobes
Clostridium, Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces.
74 terms
Microbiology
Microbiota
Microbiome
where are microbiota found & its distr…
Clinical application of microbiota var…
all microorganisms present in a community.
all microorganism's genetic material sequenced together.
The environment dictates the population distribution of types…
strong correlation between imbalance of microbiota distributi…
Microbiota
all microorganisms present in a community.
Microbiome
all microorganism's genetic material sequenced together.
48 terms
Microbiology
domain Bacteria
domain Archaea
domain Eukaryota
characteristics of all living things i…
prokaryotic cell "regular" bacteria
prokaryotic cell, ancient bacteria, lives in extreme conditions
eukaryotic
has cell wall made of peptidoglycan, plasma membrane, cytopla…
domain Bacteria
prokaryotic cell "regular" bacteria
domain Archaea
prokaryotic cell, ancient bacteria, lives in extreme conditions
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the study of microbes
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
microbiology
the study of microbes
microorganisms
A simple form of life, commonly made up of a single cell and…
Microbiology
cellulites
impetigo
scalded skin syndrome
gas gangrene
staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus pyogenes
staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes
staphylococcus aureus
clostridium perfringens
cellulites
staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus pyogenes
impetigo
staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes
13 terms
Microbiology
Bacteria
Features of Bacteria
2 mains ways of classifying bacteria
Shapes of bacteria
decomposition recycles nutrients and also causes disease
no membrane bound organelles... DNA is free in cytoplasm... mesosom…
- by shape ... - by gram stain reaction
Bacillus - rod shaped ... Cocci - spherical ... Spirillum - corkscr…
Bacteria
decomposition recycles nutrients and also causes disease
Features of Bacteria
no membrane bound organelles... DNA is free in cytoplasm... mesosom…
Microbiology
Bacteria are
The two main kingdoms of bacteria are
Difference between Archaebacteria and…
Bacteria that do photosynthesis only
Prokaryotic
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria
Arch survives in extreme environments Eu survives anywhere el…
Photoautotrophs
Bacteria are
Prokaryotic
The two main kingdoms of bacteria are
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria
microbiology
bacterial diseases
viral diseases
protista
fungi
bacterial diseases
viral diseases
protista
fungi
bacterial diseases
bacterial diseases
viral diseases
viral diseases
35 terms
Microbiology
Infectious
Outbreaks
Epidemics
Pandemics
disease caused by a pathogen
Ebola in West Africa, SARS (Synthetic Acute Respiratory Syndr…
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same plac…
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
Infectious
disease caused by a pathogen
Outbreaks
Ebola in West Africa, SARS (Synthetic Acute Respiratory Syndr…
20 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
virus
bacteria
fungi
- field that involve the study of microbes
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
A kingdom of complex organisms that obtain energy by breaking…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
virus
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
14 terms
Microbiology
interdependent
intricate
subtle
derive
adj. 相互依赖的,互助的
a.复杂的
a.精巧的
vt.得自vi.起源
interdependent
adj. 相互依赖的,互助的
intricate
a.复杂的
Microbiology
Microbiology
Microorganisms/Microbes
Ubiquitous
Bactiera
Study of small living things
Small living things
Everywere
Plural Form of Bacterium
Microbiology
Study of small living things
Microorganisms/Microbes
Small living things
17 terms
Microbiology
4 criteria to determine cause of disea…
Pasteurization, disproved spontaneous…
Living things are generated by other l…
Life is created from thin air with no…
Koch's Postulates
Contributions of Pasteur
Definition of biogenesis
Definition of spontaneous generation
4 criteria to determine cause of disea…
Koch's Postulates
Pasteurization, disproved spontaneous…
Contributions of Pasteur
Microbiology
microorganism classifications
Describe the role of microorganisms in…
Discuss requirements for diagnosing... i…
Describe the chain of infection
prokaryotes, eukaryotes, non living
Symbiosis, Infection, Disease, Vitamin acquisition... Food degr…
patient presentation (symptoms), specimen collection (body si…
infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmis…
microorganism classifications
prokaryotes, eukaryotes, non living
Describe the role of microorganisms in…
Symbiosis, Infection, Disease, Vitamin acquisition... Food degr…
Microbiology
Bacteriophage
Bacterium
Parasite
Abiotic
A virus that infects bacteria
bacteria
An organism that feeds on a living host
Non-living
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
Bacterium
bacteria
27 terms
Microbiology
What occurs when pathogens invade the…
What is droplet infection
What is the prodromal period of an inf…
List three infectious diseases caused…
When a pathogen enters the body, it attempts to invade the ti…
Droplet infection is the mode of transmission of pathogens. T…
Is a short period in which the first symptoms that indicate a…
Boils, carbuncles, and impetigo
What occurs when pathogens invade the…
When a pathogen enters the body, it attempts to invade the ti…
What is droplet infection
Droplet infection is the mode of transmission of pathogens. T…
9 terms
Microbiology
Four Groups of micro-organisms
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Naming
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoa
-complex cell wall containing peptidoglycon... - single cell... - n…
- plasma cell membrane... - single cell, or multicellular ... - nuc…
Genus - Capital first letter, lower case italic... Species- all…
Four Groups of micro-organisms
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoa
Prokaryotic cells
-complex cell wall containing peptidoglycon... - single cell... - n…
19 terms
Microbiology
Light Field Stain
Gram Stain
Acid Fast Stain
Endospore Stain
simple stain
separates based on cell wall- pink (-) or purple (+)
cells with a layer of mycolic acid
identifies spore forming cells (green)
Light Field Stain
simple stain
Gram Stain
separates based on cell wall- pink (-) or purple (+)
Microbiology
Bacteria
Fungi
Parasites
Virus
- Microscopic living organisms usually one- celled that can b…
- Single celled organisms that live by decomposing and absorb…
- An organism that lives in or on another organism (its host)…
-An infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid…
Bacteria
- Microscopic living organisms usually one- celled that can b…
Fungi
- Single celled organisms that live by decomposing and absorb…
39 terms
Microbiology
Gram Positive Cell Wall (unique)
Gram Negative Cell Wall (unique)
Common to both Gram Positive and Gram…
Bugs that do NOT Gram stain well:
liptoeichoic acid (induces TNF/IL-1)... thick peptidoglycan in c…
endotoxin/LPS (Lipid A)--->induces TNF/IL-1... periplasmic space…
flagellum, pilus, capsule, cell wall, peptidoglycan, cytoplas…
"These Microbes May Lack Real Color"... Treponema, Leptospira (…
Gram Positive Cell Wall (unique)
liptoeichoic acid (induces TNF/IL-1)... thick peptidoglycan in c…
Gram Negative Cell Wall (unique)
endotoxin/LPS (Lipid A)--->induces TNF/IL-1... periplasmic space…
109 terms
Microbiology
Action of beta-lactams
Action of chloramphenicol
Action of erythromycin
Action of gentamicin
Interfere with cell wall of growing bacteria... Inhibit biosynth…
very potent- bactericidal against streptococci + Haemophilus…
bacteriostatic macrolide antiobiotic interferes with protein…
interfere with ribosomal reading of messenger RNA used in ser…
Action of beta-lactams
Interfere with cell wall of growing bacteria... Inhibit biosynth…
Action of chloramphenicol
very potent- bactericidal against streptococci + Haemophilus…
Microbiology
Microbiology
bacteriology
rickettsiology
virology
study of microorganisms
studies bacteria
studies of rickettsia
study of viruses and viral diseases
Microbiology
study of microorganisms
bacteriology
studies bacteria
46 terms
Microbiology
Lytic
Streptococcus
Monera
Prokaryotic
This is applied to viruses that, once the viruses are reprodu…
A chain of coccus bacteria that are connected. Strep throat c…
The distinguished kingdom of bacteria. There are many types,…
A cell is called this if it does not have a nucleus. All bact…
Lytic
This is applied to viruses that, once the viruses are reprodu…
Streptococcus
A chain of coccus bacteria that are connected. Strep throat c…
Microbiology
Prokaryotic
Sensitivity
Zoonoses
R0
cells that do not have a nucleus
Sensitivity = TP / (TP + FN)
Diseases of animals that can be transmitted to humans
400-1199 125TH PL NW
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus
Sensitivity
Sensitivity = TP / (TP + FN)
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Protist
Vaccine
causes diseases
microorganism without nucleus
microorganism with nucleus
prevents viral infections
Pathogen
causes diseases
Bacteria
microorganism without nucleus
Microbiology
Monera
Prokaryotic
Eubacteria vs. Archaebacteria
Narrow Band Antibiotic vs. Broad Band…
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
cells that do not have a nucleus
Eubacteria: Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell wal…
Narrow: A substance that is capable of destroying or weakenin…
Monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus
40 terms
microbiology
monera
prokaryotic
narrow band antibiotic vs broad band a…
obligate anaerobe vs faculative aerobe
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus. cell wall made…
No nucleus ex. bacteria
Antibiotics that select for a certain type of bacteria vs ant…
An organism that can only survive in the absence of oxygen (a…
monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus. cell wall made…
prokaryotic
No nucleus ex. bacteria
Microbiology
Ameba
parimecium
Euglena
Volvox(Algae)
Ameba
parimecium
101 terms
Microbiology
Color of gram positive
Primary structure of bacterial wall
Whats used to counterstain gram negati…
Composition of peptidoglycan
Purple. Crystal violet.
peptidoglycan. degraded by tears/mucous
Safranin
N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG)... N-acetyl muramic acid (NAM)... Held t…
Color of gram positive
Purple. Crystal violet.
Primary structure of bacterial wall
peptidoglycan. degraded by tears/mucous
Microbiology
Monera
Prokaryotic
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made…
kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls do not co…
Monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
Prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
41 terms
Microbiology
Gram Positive vs.... Gram Negative
Schizophyta vs.... Cyanophyta
Eubacteria vs.... Archaebacteria
Endemic vs.... Epidemic
Gram stain test determines if positive or not. Positive test…
A different and broader term for the same thing. vs. A phylum…
Monera that are separated into groups. Younger than the Archa…
A disease found in a certain place. vs. A disease that is wid…
Gram Positive vs.... Gram Negative
Gram stain test determines if positive or not. Positive test…
Schizophyta vs.... Cyanophyta
A different and broader term for the same thing. vs. A phylum…
13 terms
Microbiology
Single Cell Organism
Depends on other cells to reproduce
Contain DNA
Chicken pox
One Cell
how does the ICF of multicellular organisms differ from singl…
Virus category that produce messenger RNA in host cell nucleu…
A usually mild, easily transmitted viral disease causing feve…
Single Cell Organism
One Cell
Depends on other cells to reproduce
how does the ICF of multicellular organisms differ from singl…
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Protist
Vaccine
anything that can cause disease
single celled prokaryotic organism that rapidly spreads
single celled eukaryoitc organism, can be harmful.
a medicine that prevents viral illness
Pathogen
anything that can cause disease
Bacteria
single celled prokaryotic organism that rapidly spreads
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Virus
Protist
Anything that causes disease.
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
A nonliving pathogen that causes disease.
Single celled organisms that can be harmful
Pathogen
Anything that causes disease.
Bacteria
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
32 terms
microbiology
Infectious
Outbreaks
Epidemics
Pandemics
contagious
group of cases at a specific time and specific area
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same plac…
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
Infectious
contagious
Outbreaks
group of cases at a specific time and specific area
microbiology
microbes
microbiology
viruses
bacteria
Any microscopic organism. Mainly bacteria, protists, some fun…
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
microbes
Any microscopic organism. Mainly bacteria, protists, some fun…
microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
10 terms
MICROBIOLOGY
*Stain* /steɪn/
Flagellum /fləˈdʒɛləm/
Virus /vaɪə.rəs /
Bacilllus /bəˈsɪləs/
A substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to faci…
A long, mobile, whiplike appendage arising from a basal body…
Any of a group of submicroscopic entities consisting of a sin…
A rod-shaped bacterium
*Stain* /steɪn/
A substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to faci…
Flagellum /fləˈdʒɛləm/
A long, mobile, whiplike appendage arising from a basal body…
77 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Cell membrane
unicellular (bacteria)
true nucleus (fungi, molds)
gives rigidity, protection and shape
selective permeability barrier to protect the cell... nutrients…
Prokaryotes
unicellular (bacteria)
Eukaryotes
true nucleus (fungi, molds)
Microbiology
Saturated steam
Dry Heat (rare)
Gaseous chemicals
Ionizing radiation
Wrapped articles... unwrapped instruments and utensils... Aqueous l…
metal articles, glassware, oils... 1 hr +... Sterilization
Heat-sensitive instruments and medical devices... 24 hr +... Steril…
medical devices ... -2 hrs... Sterilization
Saturated steam
Wrapped articles... unwrapped instruments and utensils... Aqueous l…
Dry Heat (rare)
metal articles, glassware, oils... 1 hr +... Sterilization
28 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Bacteria
Archaea/Arquea
Eukarya/Eucariota
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
Resemble bacteria but are different from them in certain aspe…
Eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and o…
Microbiology
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Bacteria
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
28 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Bacteria
Archaea/Arquea
Eukarya/Eucariota
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
Resemble bacteria but are different from them in certain aspe…
Eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and o…
Microbiology
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Bacteria
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
12 terms
Microbiology
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Chlamydia trachomatis
Escherichia coli
Haemophilus influenzae
Not gram-stained... Small, round, ovoid... No capsule... Motile... Aerobic
Not gram-stained... Small, round, ovoid... No capsule... Motile... Aerobi…
Gram (-)... Bacillus shape... Capsulation: variable... Normally motile…
Gram (-)... Variable size: from small coccobacilli to long, slen…
Chlamydia pneumoniae
Not gram-stained... Small, round, ovoid... No capsule... Motile... Aerobic
Chlamydia trachomatis
Not gram-stained... Small, round, ovoid... No capsule... Motile... Aerobi…
33 terms
microbiology
bacteria
virus
viron
phage
prokaryotes... single cell org. w/ DNA//RNA, no defined nucleus…
contain either DNA or RNA... obligate intracellular parasite... pro…
complete virus particle
virus that infects bacteria
bacteria
prokaryotes... single cell org. w/ DNA//RNA, no defined nucleus…
virus
contain either DNA or RNA... obligate intracellular parasite... pro…
Microbiology
Pathogen
Microbiology
Bacteria
Virus
A substance of organism that causes infectious diseases in ot…
The study of microscopic organisms.
Small, single-celled organisms. Most are beneficial, but a sm…
Non-living; can invade cells and alter their function.
Pathogen
A substance of organism that causes infectious diseases in ot…
Microbiology
The study of microscopic organisms.
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