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Study sets matching "microbiology"

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Study sets matching "microbiology"

61 terms
Microbiology
Which of the following is the best met…
Which of the following best describes…
Which of the following chemical agents…
Which of the following substances is u…
membrane filtration
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
ethylene oxide
chlorhexidine
Which of the following is the best met…
membrane filtration
Which of the following best describes…
the cells in a population die at a constant rate
17 terms
Microbiology
4 criteria to determine cause of disea…
Pasteurization, disproved spontaneous…
Living things are generated by other l…
Life is created from thin air with no…
Koch's Postulates
Contributions of Pasteur
Definition of biogenesis
Definition of spontaneous generation
4 criteria to determine cause of disea…
Koch's Postulates
Pasteurization, disproved spontaneous…
Contributions of Pasteur
16 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Microorganisms/Microbes
Ubiquitous
Bactiera
Study of small living things
Small living things
Everywere
Plural Form of Bacterium
Microbiology
Study of small living things
Microorganisms/Microbes
Small living things
20 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
virus
bacteria
fungi
- field that involve the study of microbes
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
A single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-sha…
A kingdom of complex organisms that obtain energy by breaking…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
virus
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
14 terms
Microbiology
interdependent
intricate
subtle
derive
adj. 相互依赖的,互助的
a.复杂的
a.精巧的
vt.得自vi.起源
interdependent
adj. 相互依赖的,互助的
intricate
a.复杂的
38 terms
Microbiology
Bacteriophage
Bacterium
Parasite
Abiotic
A virus that infects bacteria
bacteria
An organism that feeds on a living host
Non-living
Bacteriophage
A virus that infects bacteria
Bacterium
bacteria
51 terms
Microbiology
microorganism classifications
Describe the role of microorganisms in…
Discuss requirements for diagnosing... i…
Describe the chain of infection
prokaryotes, eukaryotes, non living
Symbiosis, Infection, Disease, Vitamin acquisition... Food degr…
patient presentation (symptoms), specimen collection (body si…
infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmis…
microorganism classifications
prokaryotes, eukaryotes, non living
Describe the role of microorganisms in…
Symbiosis, Infection, Disease, Vitamin acquisition... Food degr…
9 terms
Microbiology
Four Groups of micro-organisms
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
Naming
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoa
-complex cell wall containing peptidoglycon... - single cell... - n…
- plasma cell membrane... - single cell, or multicellular ... - nuc…
Genus - Capital first letter, lower case italic... Species- all…
Four Groups of micro-organisms
1. Bacteria... 2. Virus... 3. Fungi... 4. Protozoa
Prokaryotic cells
-complex cell wall containing peptidoglycon... - single cell... - n…
19 terms
Microbiology
Light Field Stain
Gram Stain
Acid Fast Stain
Endospore Stain
simple stain
separates based on cell wall- pink (-) or purple (+)
cells with a layer of mycolic acid
identifies spore forming cells (green)
Light Field Stain
simple stain
Gram Stain
separates based on cell wall- pink (-) or purple (+)
46 terms
Microbiology
Lytic
Streptococcus
Monera
Prokaryotic
This is applied to viruses that, once the viruses are reprodu…
A chain of coccus bacteria that are connected. Strep throat c…
The distinguished kingdom of bacteria. There are many types,…
A cell is called this if it does not have a nucleus. All bact…
Lytic
This is applied to viruses that, once the viruses are reprodu…
Streptococcus
A chain of coccus bacteria that are connected. Strep throat c…
Microbiology
Prokaryotic
Sensitivity
Zoonoses
R0
cells that do not have a nucleus
Sensitivity = TP / (TP + FN)
Diseases of animals that can be transmitted to humans
400-1199 125TH PL NW
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus
Sensitivity
Sensitivity = TP / (TP + FN)
25 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Virus
Bacteria
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye.
A non-cellular particle of nucleic acid encased by a protein…
A member of a large group of unicellular microorganisms lacki…
Microbiology
A specialized area of biology that deals with living things o…
Microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye.
25 terms
microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
A genus of microorganism that cause a wide variety of disease…
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye.
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics
Domain of unicellular prokaryotes that have cell walls contai…
microbiology
A genus of microorganism that cause a wide variety of disease…
microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye.
22 terms
microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
- field that involve the study of microbes
MICROSCOPIC LIVING ORGANISMS
(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
microbiology
- field that involve the study of microbes
microorganisms
MICROSCOPIC LIVING ORGANISMS
25 terms
microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
A genus of microorganism that cause a wide variety of disease…
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
microbiology
A genus of microorganism that cause a wide variety of disease…
microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
39 terms
Microbiology
Gram Positive Cell Wall (unique)
Gram Negative Cell Wall (unique)
Common to both Gram Positive and Gram…
Bugs that do NOT Gram stain well:
liptoeichoic acid (induces TNF/IL-1)... thick peptidoglycan in c…
endotoxin/LPS (Lipid A)--->induces TNF/IL-1... periplasmic space…
flagellum, pilus, capsule, cell wall, peptidoglycan, cytoplas…
"These Microbes May Lack Real Color"... Treponema, Leptospira (…
Gram Positive Cell Wall (unique)
liptoeichoic acid (induces TNF/IL-1)... thick peptidoglycan in c…
Gram Negative Cell Wall (unique)
endotoxin/LPS (Lipid A)--->induces TNF/IL-1... periplasmic space…
44 terms
Microbiology
Monera
Prokaryotic
Eubacteria vs. Archaebacteria
Narrow Band Antibiotic vs. Broad Band…
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
cells that do not have a nucleus
Eubacteria: Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell wal…
Narrow: A substance that is capable of destroying or weakenin…
Monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus
40 terms
microbiology
monera
prokaryotic
narrow band antibiotic vs broad band a…
obligate anaerobe vs faculative aerobe
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus. cell wall made…
No nucleus ex. bacteria
Antibiotics that select for a certain type of bacteria vs ant…
An organism that can only survive in the absence of oxygen (a…
monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus. cell wall made…
prokaryotic
No nucleus ex. bacteria
109 terms
Microbiology
Action of beta-lactams
Action of chloramphenicol
Action of erythromycin
Action of gentamicin
Interfere with cell wall of growing bacteria... Inhibit biosynth…
very potent- bactericidal against streptococci + Haemophilus…
bacteriostatic macrolide antiobiotic interferes with protein…
interfere with ribosomal reading of messenger RNA used in ser…
Action of beta-lactams
Interfere with cell wall of growing bacteria... Inhibit biosynth…
Action of chloramphenicol
very potent- bactericidal against streptococci + Haemophilus…
microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, u…
any organisms too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, as b…
an ultramicroscopic (20 to 300 nm in diameter), metabolically…
ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-sh…
microbiology
the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, u…
microorganisms
any organisms too small to be viewed by the unaided eye, as b…
68 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
bacteriology
rickettsiology
virology
study of microorganisms
studies bacteria
studies of rickettsia
study of viruses and viral diseases
Microbiology
study of microorganisms
bacteriology
studies bacteria
101 terms
Microbiology
Color of gram positive
Primary structure of bacterial wall
Whats used to counterstain gram negati…
Composition of peptidoglycan
Purple. Crystal violet.
peptidoglycan. degraded by tears/mucous
Safranin
N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG)... N-acetyl muramic acid (NAM)... Held t…
Color of gram positive
Purple. Crystal violet.
Primary structure of bacterial wall
peptidoglycan. degraded by tears/mucous
13 terms
Microbiology
Single Cell Organism
Depends on other cells to reproduce
Contain DNA
Chicken pox
One Cell
how does the ICF of multicellular organisms differ from singl…
Virus category that produce messenger RNA in host cell nucleu…
A usually mild, easily transmitted viral disease causing feve…
Single Cell Organism
One Cell
Depends on other cells to reproduce
how does the ICF of multicellular organisms differ from singl…
Microbiology
microbe
types of microbes
virus
fungi
a tiny organism that you can only see with a microscope
bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, viruses
a microbe that requires a living cell so it can multiply
organisms such as mushrooms, mold. yeast, and mildew
microbe
a tiny organism that you can only see with a microscope
types of microbes
bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, viruses
32 terms
microbiology
Infectious
Outbreaks
Epidemics
Pandemics
contagious
group of cases at a specific time and specific area
Occurrences of diseases in which many people in the same plac…
An outbreak of a disease that spreads worldwide.
Infectious
contagious
Outbreaks
group of cases at a specific time and specific area
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Protist
Vaccine
causes diseases
microorganism without nucleus
microorganism with nucleus
prevents viral infections
Pathogen
causes diseases
Bacteria
microorganism without nucleus
25 terms
microbiology
Microbiology
Microorganisms
Virus
Bacteria
is the study of microscopic organisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
A piece of code that is capable of copying itself and typical…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
Microbiology
is the study of microscopic organisms
Microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
53 terms
Microbiology
Monera
Prokaryotic
Eubacteria
Archaebacteria
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
Kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls are made…
kingdom of unicellular prokaryotes whose cell walls do not co…
Monera
one celled organism with no distinct nucleus
Prokaryotic
An organism whose cells do not have an enclosed nucleus, such…
41 terms
Microbiology
Gram Positive vs.... Gram Negative
Schizophyta vs.... Cyanophyta
Eubacteria vs.... Archaebacteria
Endemic vs.... Epidemic
Gram stain test determines if positive or not. Positive test…
A different and broader term for the same thing. vs. A phylum…
Monera that are separated into groups. Younger than the Archa…
A disease found in a certain place. vs. A disease that is wid…
Gram Positive vs.... Gram Negative
Gram stain test determines if positive or not. Positive test…
Schizophyta vs.... Cyanophyta
A different and broader term for the same thing. vs. A phylum…
25 terms
Microbiology
Ameba
parimecium
Euglena
Volvox(Algae)
Ameba
parimecium
77 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cell wall
Cell membrane
unicellular (bacteria)
true nucleus (fungi, molds)
gives rigidity, protection and shape
selective permeability barrier to protect the cell... nutrients…
Prokaryotes
unicellular (bacteria)
Eukaryotes
true nucleus (fungi, molds)
23 terms
Microbiology
Saturated steam
Dry Heat (rare)
Gaseous chemicals
Ionizing radiation
Wrapped articles... unwrapped instruments and utensils... Aqueous l…
metal articles, glassware, oils... 1 hr +... Sterilization
Heat-sensitive instruments and medical devices... 24 hr +... Steril…
medical devices ... -2 hrs... Sterilization
Saturated steam
Wrapped articles... unwrapped instruments and utensils... Aqueous l…
Dry Heat (rare)
metal articles, glassware, oils... 1 hr +... Sterilization
33 terms
microbiology
bacteria
virus
viron
phage
prokaryotes... single cell org. w/ DNA//RNA, no defined nucleus…
contain either DNA or RNA... obligate intracellular parasite... pro…
complete virus particle
virus that infects bacteria
bacteria
prokaryotes... single cell org. w/ DNA//RNA, no defined nucleus…
virus
contain either DNA or RNA... obligate intracellular parasite... pro…
69 terms
Microbiology
Serological testing is based on the fa…
Phage typing is based on the fact that…
Nucleic acid hybridization is based on…
4) Which of the following statements r…
all
C. bacterial viruses attack specific cells
Pairing between complementary bases occurs
Most fungi are pathogenic for humans
Serological testing is based on the fa…
all
Phage typing is based on the fact that…
C. bacterial viruses attack specific cells
25 terms
Microbiology
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
A disease that is typically bloodborne is: Hepatitis B... A spec…
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
A microorganism smaller than the smallest bacterium that has…
Bacteria are larger, easily grown in the lab, and can be seen…
microbiology
A disease that is typically bloodborne is: Hepatitis B... A spec…
microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Protist
Vaccine
anything that can cause disease
single celled prokaryotic organism that rapidly spreads
single celled eukaryoitc organism, can be harmful.
a medicine that prevents viral illness
Pathogen
anything that can cause disease
Bacteria
single celled prokaryotic organism that rapidly spreads
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Virus
Protist
Anything that causes disease.
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
A nonliving pathogen that causes disease.
Single celled organisms that can be harmful
Pathogen
Anything that causes disease.
Bacteria
A single celled organism that is helpful but can cause disease.
14 terms
Microbiology
Pathogen
Bacteria
Protist
Vaccine
Anything that can cause disease
Single-celled organisms that reproduce on their own quickly;…
Single-celled organisms that have a nucleus and can be harmful
Medicine that prevents badly spread illness by injecting or e…
Pathogen
Anything that can cause disease
Bacteria
Single-celled organisms that reproduce on their own quickly;…
213 terms
Microbiology
Dengue Fever Symptoms/Presentation
Dengue Fever Etiology
Dengue Fever Reservoir of Infection
Dengue Fever Mode of Transmission
Fever, headache and rash; severe muscle & joint pain pain. Re…
Flavirus (RNA virus).
Infected humans, monkeys.
Vector-borne. Aecl Aegyptii Mosquito
Dengue Fever Symptoms/Presentation
Fever, headache and rash; severe muscle & joint pain pain. Re…
Dengue Fever Etiology
Flavirus (RNA virus).
142 terms
Microbiology
Cellular include...
Acellular include...
How is a prokaryotes distinguished for…
Helminth
Fungi, Protists, Bacteria, and Archea
Viruses, Viroids, Virusoids, and Prions
Size, Nucleus and Organelles, DNA Structure, Reproduction and…
a parasitic worm; a fluke, tapeworm, or nematode.
Cellular include...
Fungi, Protists, Bacteria, and Archea
Acellular include...
Viruses, Viroids, Virusoids, and Prions
41 terms
Microbiology
Prokaryotes
Things about Prokaryotes
Prokaryotes
What do Prokaryotes have
Single cell bacteria
1) Never evolve over time into something else... 2) More diverse…
1) No nucleus ... 2) Not diverse in body shape/size... 3) No membra…
Cell Wall
Prokaryotes
Single cell bacteria
Things about Prokaryotes
1) Never evolve over time into something else... 2) More diverse…
56 terms
Microbiology
trepina palledum
enterobius vermicularis
toxoplasma gondii
cryptococcus gatii
syphilis
pin worms, peritis ani, scotch tape method. treated with verm…
cat parasite (linked to schizophrenia),
dimorphic hyphae former in soil
trepina palledum
syphilis
enterobius vermicularis
pin worms, peritis ani, scotch tape method. treated with verm…
54 terms
Microbiology
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacterio…
Bacillus and Lactobacillus are not in…
Which of the following is used to clas…
Which of the following is not true abo…
groups bacteria according to phylogenetic relationships
morphological characteristics
absorptive; possess cell wall; eukaryotic
names vary with geographical location
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacterio…
groups bacteria according to phylogenetic relationships
Bacillus and Lactobacillus are not in…
morphological characteristics
85 terms
microbiology
virus
virion
Poliovirus
Jonas Salk
noncellular particle that must infect a host cell, where it r…
single nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) contained within a protectiv…
causes poliomyelitis, which can lead to paralysis.
developed first polio vaccine in 1952
virus
noncellular particle that must infect a host cell, where it r…
virion
single nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) contained within a protectiv…
10 terms
Microbiology
Inflammation
Pathogen
Suppurative
Anaerobes
The body's nonspecific reaction to injury, resulting pain, he…
A disease causing micro- organism.
Having developed pus and fluid.
Organisms that favor an oxygen-poor environment.
Inflammation
The body's nonspecific reaction to injury, resulting pain, he…
Pathogen
A disease causing micro- organism.
MICROBIOLOGY
microbiology
microorganisms
virus
bacteria
An immunity given by a vaccine is: Artificially acquired active
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
A non-cellular infectious agent that has two characteristics
plural form of bacterium.... Domain of unicellular prokaryotes t…
microbiology
An immunity given by a vaccine is: Artificially acquired active
microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye
22 terms
microbiology
microbes
microbiology
viruses
bacteria
Any microscopic organism. Mainly bacteria, protists, some fun…
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
Which of the following characteristics accurately describe fu…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
microbes
Any microscopic organism. Mainly bacteria, protists, some fun…
microbiology
A branch of biology dealing especially with microscopic forms…
10 terms
MICROBIOLOGY
*Stain* /steɪn/
Flagellum /fləˈdʒɛləm/
Virus /vaɪə.rəs /
Bacilllus /bəˈsɪləs/
A substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to faci…
A long, mobile, whiplike appendage arising from a basal body…
Any of a group of submicroscopic entities consisting of a sin…
A rod-shaped bacterium
*Stain* /steɪn/
A substance used to impart color to tissues or cells, to faci…
Flagellum /fləˈdʒɛləm/
A long, mobile, whiplike appendage arising from a basal body…
56 terms
Microbiology
Virus
Characteristics of a virus
Bacteriophage
Retrovirus
noncellular particle made up of genetic material and protein…
- Does not belong to any of the 5 kingdoms... - They are neither…
- Has a head & tail... - Head composed of protein capsid/protein…
- Known for inserting genetic material into existing genetic…
Virus
noncellular particle made up of genetic material and protein…
Characteristics of a virus
- Does not belong to any of the 5 kingdoms... - They are neither…
28 terms
Microbiology
Microbiology
Bacteria
Archaea/Arquea
Eukarya/Eucariota
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
Resemble bacteria but are different from them in certain aspe…
Eukaryote is any organism whose cells contain a nucleus and o…
Microbiology
The branch of biology involving the study of microorganisms
Bacteria
Large group of microorganisms comprising one of the three dom…
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