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Study sets matching "microscopic anatomy"

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Study sets matching "microscopic anatomy"

147 terms
Microscopic anatomy
cells that produce protein hormones ar…
cells that produce steroid hormones ar…
compare and contrast the formation of…
describe the structure of the hypophys…
1. abundant rough ER... 2. prominent golgi... 3. hormones are often…
1. centrally located nucleus... 2. lipid droplets in the cytopla…
*** no ducts in endocrine glands
- hangs from the hypothalamus... - the anterior pituitary (ade…
cells that produce protein hormones ar…
1. abundant rough ER... 2. prominent golgi... 3. hormones are often…
cells that produce steroid hormones ar…
1. centrally located nucleus... 2. lipid droplets in the cytopla…
6 terms
microscopic anatomy
skeletal
cardiac
smooth
skeletal pic
striated, multinucleate, long parallel fibers
striated, branching fibers, intercalated discs,uninucleate
spindle shaped, uninucleate
skeletal
striated, multinucleate, long parallel fibers
cardiac
striated, branching fibers, intercalated discs,uninucleate
16 terms
MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
nephron
glomerulus
renal tubule
cuboidal epithelium
nephron
glomerulus
10 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy I
osteon
blood vessels
periosteum
lamella
"A"
"B"
"C"
"D"
osteon
"A"
blood vessels
"B"
13 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy II
Osteon
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Osteon
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
29 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Bones
Long bone(s)
Short Bone(s)
Flat Bone(s)
Irregular (Bones)
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Bones that are generally small and cube shaped and contain mu…
These bones are thin, flat, and generally curved. They form t…
Bones of irregular shape, vertebrae, hip
Long bone(s)
Bones that are longer than they are wide
Short Bone(s)
Bones that are generally small and cube shaped and contain mu…
10 terms
Microscopic anatomy of skeletal muscle
Perimysium
Epimysium
Sacromere
Fiber
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
Contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
Perimysium
Connective tissue surrounding a fascicle
Epimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
23 terms
Muscles: Microscopic Anatomy and Physiology
Epimycium
Perimycium
Endomycium
Muscle fiber
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
Innermost membrane covering around individual muscle fibers.
Muscle cell
Epimycium
Outer membrane covering around an entire muscle.
Perimycium
Membrane covering around individual muscle fascicles (bundles).
64 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Sarcomere
M Line
H Zone
A Band
Sarcomere
M Line
10 terms
microscopic anatomy
cortex of Kidney
Medulla of Kidney
Seminiferous tubules in testes
sperm
contains renal corpuscles
contains nephron loops and collecting ducts
where spermatogenesis occurs
cortex of Kidney
contains renal corpuscles
Medulla of Kidney
contains nephron loops and collecting ducts
9 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Compact Bone
Osteon
Central Canal
Lamellae
Compact Bone
Osteon
8 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Renal Corpuscle
Glomerulus
Podocytes
Glomerlular
First region (the whole object) middle on diagram
Little capillary bed (inside)
Blue dots with white lines (name these cells)
(bowmans capsule) made up inside renal corpuscle sphere (name…
Renal Corpuscle
First region (the whole object) middle on diagram
Glomerulus
Little capillary bed (inside)
12 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
In the middle of each set of concentri…
The non-living material between the ri…
Each ring of non-living material is ca…
The living bone cells is called ______…
blood/ nerve/ haversian
Matrix
Lamella
Osteocytes
In the middle of each set of concentri…
blood/ nerve/ haversian
The non-living material between the ri…
Matrix
8 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Osteon
Haversian System
Lamella
Central Haversian Canal
structural unit of compact bone
Another name for osteon
A thin scale, plate, or layer of bone or tissue
-opening in the center, for blood vessels and nerves
Osteon
structural unit of compact bone
Haversian System
Another name for osteon
13 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Microscopic Anatomy
Cytology
TISSUE
CELL
Viewed with a microscope.
the study of cells
Groups of cells with same general function... e.g., muscle, nerve
Smallest unit of protoplasm
Microscopic Anatomy
Viewed with a microscope.
Cytology
the study of cells
10 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy I
osteon
blood vessels
periosteum
lamella
"A"
"B"
"C"
"D"
osteon
"A"
blood vessels
"B"
15 terms
Bone Anatomy & The Microscopic Bone
compact bone
spongy bone
periosteum
medullary cavity
Dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the per…
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Cavity within the shaft of the long bones; filled with bone m…
compact bone
Dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the per…
spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
13 terms
Microscopic Bone Anatomy II
Osteon
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Osteon
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
26 terms
microscopic anatomy
Actin
Aponeurosis
Cross Bridge
Dark (A) band
A contractile protein muscle
Fibrous or membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part…
Where the thick and thin filaments link together
dark band consisting of thick filaments
Actin
A contractile protein muscle
Aponeurosis
Fibrous or membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part…
11 terms
Microscopic anatomy
White blood cells
Monocytes
Lymphocytes
Neutrophils
Cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting th…
Have a longer life span than many WBC and help break down bac…
Create antibodies to defend against bacteria, viruses, and ot…
Kill and digest bacteria and fungi. Most numerous type of WBC…
White blood cells
Cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting th…
Monocytes
Have a longer life span than many WBC and help break down bac…
9 terms
Microscopic anatomy
Osteocytes
Osteoblast
Osteoclast
Lacunae
Mature Bone Cells
Bone Forming Cells
Bone Destroying Cells
Tiny cavity in compact bones where osteocytes live
Osteocytes
Mature Bone Cells
Osteoblast
Bone Forming Cells
23 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Endomysium
perimysium
fascicle
epimysium
connective tissue surrounding each individual muscle fiber
surrounds a bundle of muscle fibers (fascicle)
bundles of muscle fibers
covers the entire muscle
Endomysium
connective tissue surrounding each individual muscle fiber
perimysium
surrounds a bundle of muscle fibers (fascicle)
36 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
muscle, fascicles, muscle fibers, myof…
muscle
fascicles
muscle fibers
What are the layers of tissue that skeletal muscle is compose…
gross muscle, ex.: biceps brachii, most superficial layer of…
bundles of muscle fibers
elongated muscle cells, basic unit of skeletal muscle
muscle, fascicles, muscle fibers, myof…
What are the layers of tissue that skeletal muscle is compose…
muscle
gross muscle, ex.: biceps brachii, most superficial layer of…
115 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
What color does material stained by eo…
What tissue(s) does eosin preferential…
What chemical structures does eosin bi…
Is eosin synthetic or organically deri…
pink
connective tissue
bases, in the cytoplasm
synthetic
What color does material stained by eo…
pink
What tissue(s) does eosin preferential…
connective tissue
9 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Bone
Osteon (Haversion) Canal- INVOVLING CO…
Lamella
Haversian or central canal- central ch…
Volkman's canals- channels
Haversian system, or osteon- the structural unit of compact b…
weight-bearing column-like matrix tubes composed mainly of co…
blood vessels, nerves
channels lying at right angles to the central canal, connecti…
Osteon (Haversion) Canal- INVOVLING CO…
Haversian system, or osteon- the structural unit of compact b…
Lamella
weight-bearing column-like matrix tubes composed mainly of co…
26 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Actin
Aponeurosis
Cross bridge
Dark (a) band
...
...
...
...
Actin
...
Aponeurosis
...
20 terms
Microscopic Anatomy - Epithelium (with images)
Simple squamous cell
Simple cuboidal cell
Simple columnar cell
Pseudostratified columnar cells
Simple squamous cell
Simple cuboidal cell
8 terms
Microscopic anatomy
Osteon
Haversian system
Central canal
Perforating (Volkmann) canal
A unit of bone that contains central canals and matrix rings…
Osteon
(haversian) opening in the center of the osteon; carries bloo…
Canal perpendicular to the central canal, carries blood vesse…
Osteon
A unit of bone that contains central canals and matrix rings…
Haversian system
Osteon
14 terms
Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Sarcolemma
Myofibrils
Light (I) and Dark (A) bands
Z Line (Or Z disc)
Plasma membrane that encloses the muscle cells
Contractile organelles found in the cytoplasm of muscle cells
Alternating bands along the length of the perfectly aligned m…
Midline of the I band
Sarcolemma
Plasma membrane that encloses the muscle cells
Myofibrils
Contractile organelles found in the cytoplasm of muscle cells
Microscopic Anatomy
Perimysium
Epimysium
Sarcomere
Fiber
Connective tissue surroinding a fascicle
Connective tissue ensues thing entire muscle
Contractile unit of a muscle
A muscle cell
Perimysium
Connective tissue surroinding a fascicle
Epimysium
Connective tissue ensues thing entire muscle
8 terms
microscopic anatomy
osteon (haversian system)
central (haversian system) canal
lacunae
lamellae
unit of a bone
opening in the center of an osteon... carries blood vessels and…
cavities containing bone cells (osteocytes)... arranged in conce…
rings of lacunae around the central canal
osteon (haversian system)
unit of a bone
central (haversian system) canal
opening in the center of an osteon... carries blood vessels and…
15 terms
Bone Anatomy & The Microscopic Bone
compact bone
spongy bone
periosteum
medullary cavity
Dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the per…
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Cavity within the shaft of the long bones; filled with bone m…
compact bone
Dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the per…
spongy bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found…
16 terms
Bone Anatomy & The Microscopic Bone
compact bone
spongy bone
periosteum
medullary cavity
Dense, smooth-looking bone tissue that lies underneath the pe…
bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found just insi…
Tough layer of connective tissue surrounding a bone
Cavity within the shaft of the long bones; filled with bone m…
compact bone
Dense, smooth-looking bone tissue that lies underneath the pe…
spongy bone
bone tissue that has many small spaces and is found just insi…
11 terms
Anatomy Microscope
Nose piece
Ocular lenses (Eyepiece)
Objective lenses
Total Magnification
The front or forward projection of the microscope
Viewing area with Ocular lenses magnification of 10x.... The im…
The lens or system of lenses nearest the object being viewed.…
The magnification of Ocular lenses X the magnification of Obj…
Nose piece
The front or forward projection of the microscope
Ocular lenses (Eyepiece)
Viewing area with Ocular lenses magnification of 10x.... The im…
13 terms
Microscope Anatomy
Eye piece or ocular
Nose piece
Fine adjustment knob
Coarse adjustment knob
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
holds the three objective lenses. It rotates around in a circ…
Allows you to focus or fine tune the image.
Allows you to move the upper portion of the microscope up and…
Eye piece or ocular
Where you look in microscope to look at image.
Nose piece
holds the three objective lenses. It rotates around in a circ…
10 terms
Bone Structure (Microscopic Anatomy)
Haversian system (Osteon)
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Haversian system (Osteon)
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
25 terms
Microscope Anatomy
Eyepiece
Eyepiece
Body Tube
Body Tube
or Ocular. This is where you look into the microscope to see…
This is the long skinny tube that hold the eyepiece above the…
Eyepiece
or Ocular. This is where you look into the microscope to see…
Eyepiece
18 terms
Unit #7 Microscopic Anatomy of Bone
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Matrix of Bone
Mature Bone Cells.
Bone cells responsible for building new bone tissue. They dep…
Bone cells that are responsible for eroding or reabsorbing bo…
Non-living material produced by osteoblasts. Consists of coll…
Osteocytes
Mature Bone Cells.
Osteoblasts
Bone cells responsible for building new bone tissue. They dep…
13 terms
BONE- Microscopic and Gross Anatomy (Images)
Spongy Bone
Osteon
Osteocytes
Central (osteonic) Canal
Spongy Bone
Osteon
11 terms
microscopic anatomy
osteocytes
lacunae
lamellae
canaliculi
actual bone cells
cavities within the bone matrix, around osteocytes
concentric circles
tiny canals outside of lacunae
osteocytes
actual bone cells
lacunae
cavities within the bone matrix, around osteocytes
7 terms
microscopic anatomy
osteocytes
lacunae
osteon/haversian system
bony matrix
mature bone cells found within the matrix in tiny cavities ca…
arranged in concentric circles called lamellae around central…
complex consisting of a central canal and matrix rings
central canals run lengthwise through, carrying blood vessels…
osteocytes
mature bone cells found within the matrix in tiny cavities ca…
lacunae
arranged in concentric circles called lamellae around central…
6 terms
Microscopic anatomy
Osteon
Central canal
Perforating canal
Lacuanae
A part of bone
Center of osteon and carries blood vessels and nerves
Canal perpendicular to central canal
Holds the osteocytes that maintain bone shape
Osteon
A part of bone
Central canal
Center of osteon and carries blood vessels and nerves
6 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Osteon (Haversian System)
Central (Haversian) Canal
Perforating (Volkman's) Canal
Lacunae
- A unit containing central canal and matrix rings
- Opening in the center of an osteon... - Carries blood vessels…
- Canal perpendicular to the central canal... - Connects central…
- Cavities containing bone cells (osteocytes)... - Arranged in c…
Osteon (Haversian System)
- A unit containing central canal and matrix rings
Central (Haversian) Canal
- Opening in the center of an osteon... - Carries blood vessels…
15 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Haversian system
Haversian canal
Lamellae
Osteocytes
layers of calcium-rich extracellular matrix, often overlap or…
blood vessels and nerves
concentric rings of calcium
living bone cells
Haversian system
layers of calcium-rich extracellular matrix, often overlap or…
Haversian canal
blood vessels and nerves
20 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
sarcomere
thick filament
thin filament
sarcolemma
smallest contractile unit of fibers. region between z discs.…
composed of myosin with tails and heads
composed of double strand fibrous protein. contains F action…
plasma membrane of muscle
sarcomere
smallest contractile unit of fibers. region between z discs.…
thick filament
composed of myosin with tails and heads
9 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Lobules are the functional unis of the…
Sinusoids
Hepatocyte
Kupffer Cells
50,000-100,000 consists of liver cells, sinusoids, central…
*capillary-like connections in lobules traveling between colu…
Functioning cells that surround the sinusoids
Scattered along the walls of the sinusoids Phagocytic cells…
Lobules are the functional unis of the…
50,000-100,000 consists of liver cells, sinusoids, central…
Sinusoids
*capillary-like connections in lobules traveling between colu…
44 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Four major types of tissue
5 characteristics of epithelial tissues
4 functions of epithelial tissues
Simple squamous
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
Cover organs and the body... Line body cavities... Line hollow orga…
Protection... Secretion... Absorption... Excretion
Lines air sacs, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels
Four major types of tissue
Epithelial... Connective... Muscle... Nervous
5 characteristics of epithelial tissues
Cover organs and the body... Line body cavities... Line hollow orga…
17 terms
Microscopic Anatomy Eye/Ear
Vitreous Chamber
Retina
Rods
Cones
Vitreous Chamber
Retina
9 terms
Microscopic anatomy
Myofilament or myofibril
Myosin
Actin
Contract
Muscle cells are filled with two types of proteins threadlike
Thick, anchored at the m line
Thin, anchored at the z line
Slide past each other causing the muscle to
Myofilament or myofibril
Muscle cells are filled with two types of proteins threadlike
Myosin
Thick, anchored at the m line
37 terms
Microscopic Anatomy
Fixation
fixation, dehydration, clearing, infil…
eosin
hematoxylin
10% buffered formalin
order of slide processing
acidic dye that stains basic structures pink
basic dye that stains acidic structures purple
Fixation
10% buffered formalin
fixation, dehydration, clearing, infil…
order of slide processing
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