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Study sets matching "midterm exam for advanced pathophysiology"

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Study sets matching "midterm exam for advanced pathophysiology"

64 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
Eukaryotes
What are the 8 Cellular Functions
What are the two major parts of a Euka…
What is the primary functions of the n…
Well -defined nucleus
Movement, Conductivity, Absorption, Secretion Excretion, Resp…
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Cell division and control of genetic information
Eukaryotes
Well -defined nucleus
What are the 8 Cellular Functions
Movement, Conductivity, Absorption, Secretion Excretion, Resp…
32 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
Down Syndrome
Klinefelter's Syndrome
Turner Syndrome Manifestations
Risks associated with Turner Syndrome
•Epicanthal fold... •Brushfield spots (white spots on iris)... •M…
•At lease 2 x and 1Y... •Male appearance... •Sterile... •Gynecomast…
Not considered retarded, but some impairment of spatial & mat…
DM... •OSTEOPOROSIS... •Scoliosis... •Hip dislocation... •HTN... •Cance…
Down Syndrome
•Epicanthal fold... •Brushfield spots (white spots on iris)... •M…
Klinefelter's Syndrome
•At lease 2 x and 1Y... •Male appearance... •Sterile... •Gynecomast…
59 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology
What decreases the cell substance and…
A decrease in workload, use, pressure,…
Seen in the muscles of paralyzed limbs
The functional changes associated with or resulting from a di…
Cellular atrophy
pathological atrophy
Denervation atrophy
Pathophysiology
The functional changes associated with or resulting from a di…
What decreases the cell substance and…
Cellular atrophy
9 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
Immunity
Viruses
Hyperlipidemia
Varicose veins
...
...
...
...
Immunity
...
Viruses
...
279 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam #2
Overview of the Blood
Hematocrit defined
Types of Blood Cells... - Erythrocytes […
Cytic vs Chromic
•Blood... •5000ml... •Plasma... •3000ml
- % of RBCs... [higher value = higher viscosity = thicker blood…
- Transport O2... - Small disc shape... - Lifespan = 120 days... -…
Cytic = Size of RBCs... Chromic = Amount of Hgb
Overview of the Blood
•Blood... •5000ml... •Plasma... •3000ml
Hematocrit defined
- % of RBCs... [higher value = higher viscosity = thicker blood…
24 terms
Advanced Ocular Pathophysiology
Retinal Evaluation... OCT
Retinal Artery Occlusion
Retinal Vein Occlusion
Retinal Vein Occlusion
(Optical coherence Tomography) is an established MEDICAL IMAG…
The usual prognosis for an eye with a retinal artery occlusio…
central retinal vein occlusion generally is caused by a throm…
*The most dreaded complication is neovascular glaucoma.... * wit…
Retinal Evaluation... OCT
(Optical coherence Tomography) is an established MEDICAL IMAG…
Retinal Artery Occlusion
The usual prognosis for an eye with a retinal artery occlusio…
31 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
A hole in the eardrum would be a
A disease of unknown origin in commonl…
A period when a disease is present, bu…
A period of increased intensity of a d…
structural disorder
idiopathic
Latent
exacerbation
A hole in the eardrum would be a
structural disorder
A disease of unknown origin in commonl…
idiopathic
40 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology
What is the Warburg Effect?
What are the steps of angiogenesis?
Where are VEGF and Ang2 involved in tu…
Endogenous Inhibitors of Angiogenesis…
In between anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation…
Lack of oxygen... Proteolytic degradation of quiescent, parent v…
VEGF contributes to endothelial cell proliferation and sprout…
Extracellular matrix; products of proteins such as collagen
What is the Warburg Effect?
In between anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation…
What are the steps of angiogenesis?
Lack of oxygen... Proteolytic degradation of quiescent, parent v…
42 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Chap 43
Secrete hyaluronate
Can dif. into multiple cells, includin…
Help maintain bone by signaling osteob…
Repair or regenerate skeletal muscles
Synoviocytes
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
osteocytes
Satellite Cells
Secrete hyaluronate
Synoviocytes
Can dif. into multiple cells, includin…
Mesenchymal Stem Cells
250 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam
B-lymphocytes
Types of immunity
Immunotope
Epitope
..., Responsible for humoral immunity. B-Cells are exposed to…
..., Natural active immunity,Natural passive immunity,Artific…
...
..., An area of the antigen molecle that stimulates the produ…
B-lymphocytes
..., Responsible for humoral immunity. B-Cells are exposed to…
Types of immunity
..., Natural active immunity,Natural passive immunity,Artific…
195 terms
advanced pathophysiology final exam
primary intervention
examples of primary interventions
secondary interventions
examples of secondary interventions
removes risk factors, so diseases do not occur
immunizations, seat belts, helmets
detecting disease when still curable
pap smears, routine blood screens, chemotherapy
primary intervention
removes risk factors, so diseases do not occur
examples of primary interventions
immunizations, seat belts, helmets
250 terms
Advanced Physiology & Pathophysiology
What is pathophysiology?
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
increase in cell size, and thus an increase in amount of func…
increase in number of cells in an organ or tissue... ∙can only o…
What is pathophysiology?
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
Atrophy
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
250 terms
Advanced Physiology & Pathophysiology
What is pathophysiology?
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
increase in cell size, and thus an increase in amount of func…
increase in number of cells in an organ or tissue... ∙can only o…
What is pathophysiology?
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
Atrophy
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
28 terms
Hormones Advanced Pathophysiology 1
Growth Hormone (GH)... Somatotropin
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) ... Fo…
Thyroid Stimulating (TSH)... Thyrotropin
Origin: Anterior pituitary... Target: bone-muscle-liver... Action…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Adrenal cortex... Action:…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Ovaries (female) / teste…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Thyroid... Action: Stimula…
Growth Hormone (GH)... Somatotropin
Origin: Anterior pituitary... Target: bone-muscle-liver... Action…
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Adrenal cortex... Action:…
250 terms
Advanced Physiology & Pathophysiology - 2014
What is pathophysiology?
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
increase in cell size, and thus an increase in amount of func…
increase in number of cells in an organ or tissue... ∙can only o…
What is pathophysiology?
not only cellular and organ changes that occur with disease,…
Atrophy
decrease in size of tissue organs resulting from a decrease i…
51 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Chapter 9
Allergy
Hypersensitivity
Autoimmunity
Alloimmunity
The deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental…
An altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
A disturbance in the immunologic tolerance of self antigens.…
Also called isoimmunity, occurs when the immune system of one…
Allergy
The deleterious effects of hypersensitivity to environmental…
Hypersensitivity
An altered immunologic response to an antigen that results in…
20 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology- Cellular Injury
What is atrophy?
What is an example of a physiologic at…
What is an example of a pathologic atr…
What is Hypertrophy?
Decrease or shrinkage in the size of cells.... Can Occur physio…
Occurs with early development.... Ex.Thymus atrophy during chil…
Results from a decrease in workload, use, pressure, blood sup…
Increase in cell size and consequently the affected organ.... •…
What is atrophy?
Decrease or shrinkage in the size of cells.... Can Occur physio…
What is an example of a physiologic at…
Occurs with early development.... Ex.Thymus atrophy during chil…
59 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - GI
A manifestation of liver dysfunction i…
What is indirect bilirubin?
What is direct bilirubin?
How is bilirubin transported?
1. clotting factor deficiency: bleeding, elevated PT (vitamin…
= unconjugated bilirubin... - elevated with increased RBC breakd…
= conjugated bilirubin... - elevated with impaired excretion of…
unconjugated bilirubin --> liver --> conjugated bilirubin -->…
A manifestation of liver dysfunction i…
1. clotting factor deficiency: bleeding, elevated PT (vitamin…
What is indirect bilirubin?
= unconjugated bilirubin... - elevated with increased RBC breakd…
93 terms
NURS 548 Advanced Pathophysiology
Apoptosis
Labile Cell
Permanent Cell
Stable Cell
Cells of a neoplasm do not die off like normal cells so the n…
Cells of tissue that continuously divide and replicate throug…
Cells of tissue that do not proliferate. Ex: nerve cells, ske…
Cells of tissue that stop dividing once tissue growth ceases.…
Apoptosis
Cells of a neoplasm do not die off like normal cells so the n…
Labile Cell
Cells of tissue that continuously divide and replicate throug…
43 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Endocrine/Nervous
Type 1
Type 2
MODY
LADA
Type of diabetes that is believed to result from an autoimmun…
Type of diabetes where the underlying pathophysiology is insu…
Type of diabetes that is monogenic with an autosomal dominant…
Type of diabetes that is also known as type 1.5 DM. Is an adu…
Type 1
Type of diabetes that is believed to result from an autoimmun…
Type 2
Type of diabetes where the underlying pathophysiology is insu…
50 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam Two
amount of X entering the kidney and th…
volume of plasma filtered out of the b…
Creatinine; neither secreted or reabso…
a result of decreased renal blood flow…
What is the concept of clearance?
What is GFR?
What endogenous substance is used to determine GFR and why?
What is pre renal failure?
amount of X entering the kidney and th…
What is the concept of clearance?
volume of plasma filtered out of the b…
What is GFR?
125 terms
advanced pathophysiology exam 1
What are the properties of a eukaryoti…
How do cells communicate with each oth…
responsable for cellular respiration a…
they provide sites for cellular protei…
• Well define nucleus.... • cells are larger and have more exten…
Cells communicate by using hundreds of signal molecules. ... -th…
mitocondria
ribosome
What are the properties of a eukaryoti…
• Well define nucleus.... • cells are larger and have more exten…
How do cells communicate with each oth…
Cells communicate by using hundreds of signal molecules. ... -th…
33 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Respiratory System
Dyspnea
Orthopnea
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnea
Cheyne-Stokes Respirations
Uncomfortable breathing and feeling of not getting enough air
experienced when an individual is in the horizontal position…
see in individuals with left ventricular failure who wake up…
alternating periods of deep and shallow breathing
Dyspnea
Uncomfortable breathing and feeling of not getting enough air
Orthopnea
experienced when an individual is in the horizontal position…
279 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam #2
Overview of the Blood
Hematocrit defined
Types of Blood Cells... - Erythrocytes […
Cytic vs Chromic
•Blood... •5000ml... •Plasma... •3000ml
- % of RBCs... [higher value = higher viscosity = thicker blood…
- Transport O2... - Small disc shape... - Lifespan = 120 days... -…
Cytic = Size of RBCs... Chromic = Amount of Hgb
Overview of the Blood
•Blood... •5000ml... •Plasma... •3000ml
Hematocrit defined
- % of RBCs... [higher value = higher viscosity = thicker blood…
28 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Musculoskeletal System
Communicating wound between bone and s…
Fracture line at 45 degree angle to lo…
Fracture line encircling bone
Fracture line perpendicular to long ax…
Open Fracture
Oblique Fracture
Spiral Fracture
Transverse Fracture
Communicating wound between bone and s…
Open Fracture
Fracture line at 45 degree angle to lo…
Oblique Fracture
36 terms
advanced pathophysiology chap 10
symbiosis
mutualism
commensalism
pathogenicity
benefits the human no harm to the microorganism, for ex intes…
benefits both the human and the microorganism
benefits the microorganism , no harm to the human
benefits the organism, harm to the human
symbiosis
benefits the human no harm to the microorganism, for ex intes…
mutualism
benefits both the human and the microorganism
13 terms
advanced pathophysiology chap 11
what are the three stages of stress
during stress what is the reaction of…
what are some of the characteristics o…
the stress response is initiated by wh…
alarm stage ( fight or flight) - Resistance stage ( begins th…
hypothalamus secretes corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) t…
depression, flash back memories, sleep disturbances
central nervous system and endocrine system
what are the three stages of stress
alarm stage ( fight or flight) - Resistance stage ( begins th…
during stress what is the reaction of…
hypothalamus secretes corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) t…
23 terms
Quiz One Advanced Pathophysiology
Living cells are divided into two majo…
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Differentiation of cells
Eukaryotes & Prokaryotes
Larger, have organelles & nucleus
No organelles, lack a distinct nucleus
Cells become specialized through the process of differentiati…
Living cells are divided into two majo…
Eukaryotes & Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Larger, have organelles & nucleus
advanced pathophysiology cardiac
heart murmurs
mitral valve prolapse
mitral regurgitation
Tricuspid regurgitation
Abnormal sounds that are made as blood flows through the heart.
Late systolic murmur usually preceded by a mid-systolic click…
On auscultation, you hear a harsh blowing pansystolic murmur…
pansystolic murmur ↑ intensity with inspiration
heart murmurs
Abnormal sounds that are made as blood flows through the heart.
mitral valve prolapse
Late systolic murmur usually preceded by a mid-systolic click…
123 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Final
Irreversible cellular injury causes
Individuals with autoimmune disorders…
4 Cardinal Signs of Inflammation
The Compliment System activates
cell death
multiple disorders versus isolated issues.
heat, swelling, pain, redness
all other immune components/cascades
Irreversible cellular injury causes
cell death
Individuals with autoimmune disorders…
multiple disorders versus isolated issues.
81 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology-Chapter 2
Define cellular adaptation?
Define cellular injury?
Compare and contrast cellular injury a…
Define atrophy?
Cellular adaptation is an ALTERATION that enables the cell to…
any factor that DISRUPTS CELL STRUCTURE or DEPRIVES OF A CELL…
Cellular adaptation and injury can both be reversible, adapta…
Decrease in cellular size
Define cellular adaptation?
Cellular adaptation is an ALTERATION that enables the cell to…
Define cellular injury?
any factor that DISRUPTS CELL STRUCTURE or DEPRIVES OF A CELL…
19 terms
advanced pathophysiology chap 12
define tumor
what is the hallmark of cancer cells u…
define anaplasia
how are cancer cells categorizes
an abnormal growth from uncontrolled proliferation, serves no…
anaplasia
a tumor that has irregular size and shape of the nucleus and…
anaplasia, loss of differentiation, autonomy from normal cell…
define tumor
an abnormal growth from uncontrolled proliferation, serves no…
what is the hallmark of cancer cells u…
anaplasia
18 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Urinary System
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
Calculi or Renal Stones
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy…
Neurogenic Bladder
measures the urea in the blood
Nephrolithiasis
a procedure used to shatter simple stones in the kidney or up…
caused by a disruption of the nerve supply to the bladder and…
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
measures the urea in the blood
Calculi or Renal Stones
Nephrolithiasis
153 terms
Nuna 4 advanced pathophysiology
Under what conditions do you cancel/po…
Under what conditions do you not cance…
T/F Upper respiratory infections are e…
Name some common post-op complications…
Acute disease with new symptoms... Fever... Non-emergent surgery... Ri…
No fever... chronic disease issues... allergies... emergent surgery... (m…
True
Bronchospasm... Laryngospasm... Post-extubation croup... Desaturation…
Under what conditions do you cancel/po…
Acute disease with new symptoms... Fever... Non-emergent surgery... Ri…
Under what conditions do you not cance…
No fever... chronic disease issues... allergies... emergent surgery... (m…
229 terms
Midterm 1: Advanced Pathophysiology
Hypoxia
Ischemia
Ischemia
Anoxia
What is the number one cause of Cell Injury?
What is the "initial insult" resulting in Hypoxia?
Condition characterized by decreased blood flow to the cells
Condition characterized by a total lack of Oxygen reaching th…
Hypoxia
What is the number one cause of Cell Injury?
Ischemia
What is the "initial insult" resulting in Hypoxia?
36 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Integumentary Chap 46
Papule
Macule
Scale
Plaque
Small, solid raised lesion, less than 0.5 cm diameter Acne or…
flat, discolored lesion, usually less than 1 cm in diameter f…
flaking or dry patch made up of excess dead epidermal cells
Solid raised lesion that is usually greater than 0.5 cm in di…
Papule
Small, solid raised lesion, less than 0.5 cm diameter Acne or…
Macule
flat, discolored lesion, usually less than 1 cm in diameter f…
27 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Integumentary System
What is a pressure ulcer
Eczema
Psoriasis, Pityriasis Rosea, and Liche…
Keloids
and ischemic ulcer of the skin
Most common inflammatory skin disorder, caused by endogenous…
Papulosquamous
sharply elevated, irregular shaped scars that progressively e…
What is a pressure ulcer
and ischemic ulcer of the skin
Eczema
Most common inflammatory skin disorder, caused by endogenous…
48 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam II Review
What is the risk of a woman with a fir…
During the inflammatory process, what…
What are the outcomes of the complemen…
What is the role of the NK cells?
The woman's risk doubles
Increased capillary permeability
1. anaphylatoxic activity resulting in mast cell degranulatio…
Elimination of malignant cells
What is the risk of a woman with a fir…
The woman's risk doubles
During the inflammatory process, what…
Increased capillary permeability
96 terms
NURS548 Advanced Pathophysiology Midterm Review
Apoptosis
Neoplastic cells do not die off (apopt…
Labile Cell
Stable cells
A form of programmed cell death that eliminates senescent cel…
...
Continuously dividing tissues are those in which cells contin…
Cells that normally stop dividing when growth stops. cells in…
Apoptosis
A form of programmed cell death that eliminates senescent cel…
Neoplastic cells do not die off (apopt…
...
36 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Digestive System
Acute Gastrointestinal bleeding is com…
Hematemesis is
Hematochezia is
Melena is
hematemesis
bright or brown blood in the vomitus
bright red bleeding from the rectum
dark, tarry stools
Acute Gastrointestinal bleeding is com…
hematemesis
Hematemesis is
bright or brown blood in the vomitus
49 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Neurology
somatic pain
Visceral Pain
Referred Pain
Acute Pain
comes from the skin or close to the surface of the body
occurs in internal organs, the abdomen of the skeleton
present in an area removed or distant from its point of origin
is a warning of actual or impending tissue injury responses c…
somatic pain
comes from the skin or close to the surface of the body
Visceral Pain
occurs in internal organs, the abdomen of the skeleton
247 terms
Advanced Physiology & Pathophysiology, Part 2
Review of Kidneys
Histology of Kidney
Key features of a healthy glomerulus
GFR
important to remember that there is one renal artery and one…
important to be able to differentiate b/w healthy and nonheal…
Medulla... ∙thickened pink band around bowman's capsule... →band is…
glomerular filtration rate... measure of renal function and is…
Review of Kidneys
important to remember that there is one renal artery and one…
Histology of Kidney
important to be able to differentiate b/w healthy and nonheal…
63 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam I
Endemic... Epidemic... Pandemic
Primary prevention
Secondary prevention
Tertiary prevention
Endemic- native to a local region... Epidemic- Disseminated to m…
Prevention of disease by altering susceptibility or reducing…
Early detection, screening, and management of disease.... Yearly…
Includes rehabilitative and supportive care and attempts to a…
Endemic... Epidemic... Pandemic
Endemic- native to a local region... Epidemic- Disseminated to m…
Primary prevention
Prevention of disease by altering susceptibility or reducing…
28 terms
Hormones Advanced Pathophysiology 1
Growth Hormone (GH)... Somatotropin
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) ... Fo…
Thyroid Stimulating (TSH)... Thyrotropin
Origin: Anterior pituitary... Target: bone-muscle-liver... Action…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Adrenal cortex... Action:…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Ovaries (female) / teste…
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Thyroid... Action: Stimula…
Growth Hormone (GH)... Somatotropin
Origin: Anterior pituitary... Target: bone-muscle-liver... Action…
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
Origin: Anterior pituitary ... Target: Adrenal cortex... Action:…
34 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology - Cardiovascular System
Arteriosclerosis
Hypertension
Primary Hypertension
Secondary Hypertension
chronic disease that involves abnormal hardening and thickeni…
a regular elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure cause…
also know as essential or idiopathic hypertension combination…
may be caused by drugs, or by a systemic disease process that…
Arteriosclerosis
chronic disease that involves abnormal hardening and thickeni…
Hypertension
a regular elevation of systemic arterial blood pressure cause…
72 terms
Final Exam Review Nurs 548 Advanced Pathophysiology
Name the characteristics of acute Rhin…
Name the characteristics of Mycobacter…
Miliary TB
Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome
1. facial pain... 2. headache... 3. purulent nasal discharge... 4. dec…
1. Aerobic... 2. Have a protective waxy capsule... 3. Can stay aliv…
Minute lesions, resembling millet seeds, resulting from tuber…
1. Lack of surfactant; infants are not strong enough to infla…
Name the characteristics of acute Rhin…
1. facial pain... 2. headache... 3. purulent nasal discharge... 4. dec…
Name the characteristics of Mycobacter…
1. Aerobic... 2. Have a protective waxy capsule... 3. Can stay aliv…
330 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology Exam #1
Cellular Physiology - Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Eukaryotes
Cellular Communication
• Prokaryotes [only cells for 3 billion years]... • single cell…
eu = good karyo = nucleus [large)... -complex intracellular anat…
Found in : ... - Higher organisms/plants {people}... - Fungi... - P…
Chemical messenger systems :... 1. move from cell to cell throug…
Cellular Physiology - Prokaryotes
• Prokaryotes [only cells for 3 billion years]... • single cell…
Eukaryotes
eu = good karyo = nucleus [large)... -complex intracellular anat…
125 terms
advanced pathophysiology exam 1
What are the properties of a eukaryoti…
How do cells communicate with each oth…
responsable for cellular respiration a…
they provide sites for cellular protei…
• Well define nucleus.... • cells are larger and have more exten…
Cells communicate by using hundreds of signal molecules. ... -th…
mitocondria
ribosome
What are the properties of a eukaryoti…
• Well define nucleus.... • cells are larger and have more exten…
How do cells communicate with each oth…
Cells communicate by using hundreds of signal molecules. ... -th…
61 terms
Advanced Pathophysiology- Chapter 4
Define gene
How many genes do we have?
Define geneotype
Define phenotype
the basic unit of of inheritance
20,000 to 25,000
Composition of genes at a given locus
The outward apperance of a person
Define gene
the basic unit of of inheritance
How many genes do we have?
20,000 to 25,000
228 terms
Advanced Physiology and Pathophysiology
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Hyperplasia
Metaplasia
- cellular adaptation (reversible)... - loss of cells or cells s…
- cellular adaptation (reversible) or compensatory... - cells gr…
- cellular adaptation (reversible)... - cells grow in number... - o…
- cellular adaptation (reversible)... - change in adult cell typ…
Atrophy
- cellular adaptation (reversible)... - loss of cells or cells s…
Hypertrophy
- cellular adaptation (reversible) or compensatory... - cells gr…
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