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Study sets matching "minerals 8"

8 terms
8 Minerals
Quartz
Orthoclase
Pyrite
Calcite
Quartz
Orthoclase
15 terms
8 Minerals
Mineral
Crystals
Silicate Minerals
Nonsilicate Minerals
Naturally Formed, inorganic, solid that has a crystalline str…
Pattern of atoms or molecules that is present throughout a mi…
Minerals that contain a combination of Silicon and Oxygen
Minerals that contain a combination of elements other than Si…
Mineral
Naturally Formed, inorganic, solid that has a crystalline str…
Crystals
Pattern of atoms or molecules that is present throughout a mi…
24 terms
Minerals 8
Mineral
all 5 things to make a mineral
naturally occurring
solid
Must meet all 5 characteristics
inorganic, naturally occurring, solid, crystal structure, def…
formed by natural processes
volume and shape
Mineral
Must meet all 5 characteristics
all 5 things to make a mineral
inorganic, naturally occurring, solid, crystal structure, def…
12 terms
Sci 8 Lesson 1 Properties of Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Particles line up in a pattern that repeats over and over aga…
the color of a mineral's powder
mineral
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
53 terms
#8 Minerals
What are minerals?
Macominerals
Microminerals
What is the most abundant mineral in t…
essential macro and micronutrients the body needs to help reg…
calcium... magnesium... sodium... potassium... chloride... phosphorus
chromium... cooper... fluoride... iodine... iron... manganese... molybdenum... sel…
calcium and food is the main source of calcium (dairy, brocco…
What are minerals?
essential macro and micronutrients the body needs to help reg…
Macominerals
calcium... magnesium... sodium... potassium... chloride... phosphorus
20 terms
Science 8-ILS/Rocks & Minerals
minerals
rocks
physical properties
chemical properties
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
A property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
minerals
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
rocks
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
31 terms
(Minerals and rocks) Identification Geology 8
Calcite
Chalcopyrite
Copper
Corundum
I am a clear or reddish glassy mineral with diagonal sides
I am greenish gold; not as metallic as pyrite
I look like a squished penny
I am a purplish or reddish mineral that is squat-barrel shape…
Calcite
I am a clear or reddish glassy mineral with diagonal sides
Chalcopyrite
I am greenish gold; not as metallic as pyrite
14 terms
Sci 8 Properties of Minerals
Mohs hardness property test
Color property test
streak property test
luster property test
perform scratch test
Observe surface of mineral
observe colorof powder on unglazed tile
observe how mineral reflects light
Mohs hardness property test
perform scratch test
Color property test
Observe surface of mineral
17 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals.
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Major Mineral
Trace Mineral
fluid inside the cells
fluid outside the cells
a mineral vital to health that is required in the diet in amo…
a mineral vital to health that is required in the diet in amo…
Intracellular Fluid
fluid inside the cells
Extracellular Fluid
fluid outside the cells
18 terms
Minerals to Know Week 8
Zircon
Rutile
Pyrolusite
Cassiterite
ZrSiO4
Ti,O
Mn,O
Sn,O
Zircon
ZrSiO4
Rutile
Ti,O
10 terms
Science - 8 Minerals
luster
breakage
cleavage
fracture
how a mineral reflects light; 2 types metallic or non-metallic
how a mineral breaks along its atomic plane
smooth; think cut with a meat cleaver
a rough or uneven break
luster
how a mineral reflects light; 2 types metallic or non-metallic
breakage
how a mineral breaks along its atomic plane
11 terms
Science 8: Chapter 3 - Minerals
Mineral
Crystal
Magma
Silicate
Naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
Hot melted rock material below earths surface
A mineral that contains silicone and oxygen and usually one o…
Mineral
Naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
Crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
17 terms
Chapter 8 Minerals: Luster
Nonmetallic
Metallic
Nonmetallic
Nonmetallic
silver
Nonmetallic
Metallic
silver
10 terms
Topic 8: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Sedimentary Rock
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
Rock formed by compaction and cementation of particles
Rock formed by lava or magma
Rock formed by heat and pressure
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed by compaction and cementation of particles
6 terms
classes of minerals cchs 8
Silicates
Carbonates
Halides
Oxides
major elements include silicon and oxygen.... most common class…
contains combination of carbon and oxygen.
contains combinations of Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine, Bromine,…
contains combinations of aluminum, iron, and oxygen.... very den…
Silicates
major elements include silicon and oxygen.... most common class…
Carbonates
contains combination of carbon and oxygen.
25 terms
Science 8 - Minerals
crystal
crystallization
dissolve
ion
solid chemical substance with a regular, repeating arrangemen…
when particles dissolved in a liquid solidify to form crystals
to dispense or disappear in solution
An atom or group of atoms with an electric charge. An atom th…
crystal
solid chemical substance with a regular, repeating arrangemen…
crystallization
when particles dissolved in a liquid solidify to form crystals
13 terms
Ch. 8 Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
-Water-Soluble... -Helps maintain capillaries, bones, skin and t…
-Water-Soluble... -Turns carbs into energy... -Muscle coordination…
-Water-Soluble... -Releases energy from carbs, proteins, and fat…
-Water Soluble... -Releases energy from carbs, proteins, and fat…
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
-Water-Soluble... -Helps maintain capillaries, bones, skin and t…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
-Water-Soluble... -Turns carbs into energy... -Muscle coordination…
15 terms
List # 8 Minerals and Rocks
cleavage
fracture
mineral
Mohs Scale
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
A scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in…
cleavage
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
fracture
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
37 terms
Science 8 - Minerals
rock
ore
Identifying Minerals ( hint : 7 )
Acid Test
solid material in the earth's crust comprised of a natural co…
rocks that contain certain valuable mineral... ex) iron ore
1) color... 2) streak - nail, penny: find color of powder... 3) Lus…
hydrochloric acid reacts : giving off bubbls of gas
rock
solid material in the earth's crust comprised of a natural co…
ore
rocks that contain certain valuable mineral... ex) iron ore
13 terms
Chapter 8 - Rocks and minerals
mineral
rock
crystal
gem
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Solid materials that have an orderly pattern of atoms
are minerals that are rare that can be cut and polished, givi…
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
70 terms
Sci 8: Ch 9B Minerals
outcrop
mineralogy
mineralogist
5
a rocky area
the study of minerals
scientist who studies minerals
number of general mineral physical properties
outcrop
a rocky area
mineralogy
the study of minerals
22 terms
Sci 8 Ch 9: Minerals
aluminum
1880's
symbol
formulas
prized because it is light, fairly strong and rust resistant
Aluminum was expensive before this time
shorthand way of writing chemical formulas, the letters used…
a way of representing compounds
aluminum
prized because it is light, fairly strong and rust resistant
1880's
Aluminum was expensive before this time
13 terms
Ch. 8-Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Sodium, Chloride, and Potassium
regulates blood clotting and nerve activity, muscle contracti…
works with calcium to build strong bones and teeth, helps rel…
helps build bones and make proteins, helps nerves and muscles…
electrolytes
Calcium
regulates blood clotting and nerve activity, muscle contracti…
Phosphorus
works with calcium to build strong bones and teeth, helps rel…
35 terms
Lecture #8: Vitamins and Minerals
Name all 13 vitamins and identify whic…
Define enrichment and fortification.
Give a general overview of vitamins in…
What is the main function of vitamin D…
Water Soluble... -Vitamin C... -Thiamin (B1)... -Riboflavin (B2)... -Niac…
Enrichment: adding back some vitamins and minerals lost durin…
-Fat soluble are generally stored in liver or fat stores (exc…
Function: bone health (regulating calcium levels in blood), d…
Name all 13 vitamins and identify whic…
Water Soluble... -Vitamin C... -Thiamin (B1)... -Riboflavin (B2)... -Niac…
Define enrichment and fortification.
Enrichment: adding back some vitamins and minerals lost durin…
28 terms
8 Science Minerals/Rocks
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
14 terms
Chapter 8: Minerals & Rocks
Crystals
Minerals
Luster
Mohs Scale
Each mineral has ________________ that are a particular shape.
Most rocks are made of a combination of ________________.
Can be metallic, dull, pearly, or glassy
Measures the hardness of a mineral
Crystals
Each mineral has ________________ that are a particular shape.
Minerals
Most rocks are made of a combination of ________________.
25 terms
8 Minerals & Rocks Vocab
mineral
crystal shape
color
luster
Must be: solid, inorganic/abiotic, naturally occurring, have…
Results from the way atoms or molecules come together as the…
What a mineral looks like - the least dependable property to…
The way a mineral reflects light - metallic and nonmetallic
mineral
Must be: solid, inorganic/abiotic, naturally occurring, have…
crystal shape
Results from the way atoms or molecules come together as the…
9 terms
Minerals - Earth Science 8
Mineral properties
Fracture
Cleavage
Luster
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
The breaking of a mineral that splits evenly along flat surfa…
The term used to describe how light is reflected off a mineral
Mineral properties
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
Fracture
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
21 terms
MINERALS CH 8
mineral
rock cycle
fossils
pumice
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
Geologists find this only in sedimentary rock
The only rock that floats. It is igneous.
mineral
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
rock cycle
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
42 terms
Grade 8 - Rocks and Minerals
crystal
cleavage
streak
hardness
crystal solid in which the atoms are arranged in ... an orderly,…
the atoms are arranged so perfectly that crystals break along…
color of a mineral when it is in powder form
measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
crystal
crystal solid in which the atoms are arranged in ... an orderly,…
cleavage
the atoms are arranged so perfectly that crystals break along…
Chapter 8 Vitamins and Minerals
antioxidants
electrolyte minerals
fat-soluble vitamins
free radicals
Substances that protect body cells and immune system from dam…
Sodium, chloride, and potassium, which control and balance fl…
Vitamins absorbed and transported by fat.
Harmful by-product excreted when cells burn oxygen to produce…
antioxidants
Substances that protect body cells and immune system from dam…
electrolyte minerals
Sodium, chloride, and potassium, which control and balance fl…
23 terms
Ch. 8 - Minerals
Hemoglobin
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Thyroxine
Estrogen hormones
A conjugated protein in red blood cells that is composed of a…
An anterior pituitary hormone that regulates the activity of…
An iodine-dependene thyroid gland hormone that regulates the…
Sex hormones produced primarily by the ovaries.
Hemoglobin
A conjugated protein in red blood cells that is composed of a…
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
An anterior pituitary hormone that regulates the activity of…
20 terms
Unit 8- Rocks & Minerals
Minerals
Color
Streak
Luster
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a definite chemica…
Not a good identifier for minerals; least useful property
The color of a mineral in its powdered form
How a mineral reflects light
Minerals
Naturally occurring, inorganic solid, with a definite chemica…
Color
Not a good identifier for minerals; least useful property
17 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals
Mineral
Electrolytes
Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium,…
Iron, iodine, copper, and fluoride
4% of body weight... An inorganic element that is necessary for…
Essential in maintaining the body's fluid balance, and they c…
Major Minerals
Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium,…
Trace Minerals
Iron, iodine, copper, and fluoride
56 terms
Chapter 8 - Water and Minerals
age-related bone loss
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
blood pressure
bone resorption
Bone loss that occurs in both men and women as they advance i…
A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that increases the…
The amount of force exerted by the blood against the walls of…
The process by which bone is broken down by osteoclasts relea…
age-related bone loss
Bone loss that occurs in both men and women as they advance i…
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that increases the…
10 terms
Ch 8 Minerals and Rocks
Igneous Rock
Luster
Metamorphic Rock
Mineral
cooled lava
How shiny a rock is! The way a minerals surface reflects light.
A rock that has changed due to heat and pressure.
a natural, non-living. solid crystal found in rocks.There are…
Igneous Rock
cooled lava
Luster
How shiny a rock is! The way a minerals surface reflects light.
17 terms
Minerals (Chap. 8)
Hemoglobin
Osteoporosis
Fluid and electrolyte balance
Goiter
The oxygen carrying protein of the blood
Reduction of bone mass of older persons in which the bones be…
Maintenance of the proper amounts/kinds of fluids and mineral…
Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency
Hemoglobin
The oxygen carrying protein of the blood
Osteoporosis
Reduction of bone mass of older persons in which the bones be…
51 terms
Chapter 8 - Minerals
What is a mineral?
What do minerals do?
Minerals are absorbed in ionic form
What controls the uptake of minerals?
They are from the earth and are inorganic. ... They are naturall…
Build Tissue... Activate, regulate, transmit, and control metabo…
...
hormones ... Iodine is control by THS
What is a mineral?
They are from the earth and are inorganic. ... They are naturall…
What do minerals do?
Build Tissue... Activate, regulate, transmit, and control metabo…
47 terms
Chapter 8 - Water and Minerals
Minerals
Major minerals
Trace minerals
Solvent
Naturally occurring, inorganic, homogeneous substances; chemi…
Essential mineral nutrients required in the adult diet in amo…
Essential mineral nutrients required in the adult diet in amo…
A substance that dissolves another and holds it in solution
Minerals
Naturally occurring, inorganic, homogeneous substances; chemi…
Major minerals
Essential mineral nutrients required in the adult diet in amo…
9 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorous
Magnesium
Sodium
regulates blood clotting--osteoporosis
releases energy, builds bones, makes protein--protein foods
builds bones, regulates body temp, heart function--nuts, dairy
ELECTROLYTE! less than 2300 mg/day--balance fluids & regulate…
Calcium
regulates blood clotting--osteoporosis
Phosphorous
releases energy, builds bones, makes protein--protein foods
8 terms
Chapter 8 - Rocks and Minerals
sediment
Igneous rocks
fossils
weathering
The eroded materials that settles on land or on the bottom of…
Rocks that are formed from molten rock
gives scientists information about the past
Earth's natural break down process
sediment
The eroded materials that settles on land or on the bottom of…
Igneous rocks
Rocks that are formed from molten rock
9 terms
8 types of minerals
Silicate minerals/ silicus
Native elements
Carbonates
Halide minerals
Made of silicon tatrehedrons
Contain only 1 atom
Are formed when 2 carbon atoms are bound with an oxygen atom.
Form from salt water evaporate
Silicate minerals/ silicus
Made of silicon tatrehedrons
Native elements
Contain only 1 atom
50 terms
Science 8: Chapter 9 Minerals and Ores
magnetite
False
True
True
A dark mineral sample attracts iron fillings. You could concl…
T or F? All minerals are composed of two or more elements.
T or F? A mineral's streak is a more reliable way to classify…
T or F? Some minerals have more than one color.
magnetite
A dark mineral sample attracts iron fillings. You could concl…
False
T or F? All minerals are composed of two or more elements.
23 terms
Science minerals 8
Minerals
Silicates
Nonsilicates
Crystallization
Naturally occuring, inorganic,orderly internal structure, con…
Member of the mineral group that has silicon and oxygen in it…
Isn't in the mineral group that has silicon and oxygen in its…
Occurs when particles dissolved in a liquid or a melt solidif…
Minerals
Naturally occuring, inorganic,orderly internal structure, con…
Silicates
Member of the mineral group that has silicon and oxygen in it…
75 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals
Minerlas
Calcium Function
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride,…
Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Fluoride, Chromium, Manganese,…
0kcal/gram... Micronutrient... Heavily concentrated in animal foods
*mineralization of bone/teeth... *muscle contraction... *nerve func…
Major Minerals
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride,…
Trace Minerals
Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Fluoride, Chromium, Manganese,…
41 terms
Ch. 8: Minerals
Major (Macro) Minerals
Trace (Micro) Minerals
Bioavailability
Mineral bioavailabilty
- present in body at levels greater than 0.01% of body weight…
- present in body at levels less than 0.01% of body weight... -…
amount or proportion (percentage) of a nutrient and mineral t…
Under 5%; because of charge attached to minerals
Major (Macro) Minerals
- present in body at levels greater than 0.01% of body weight…
Trace (Micro) Minerals
- present in body at levels less than 0.01% of body weight... -…
73 terms
8. Water and Minerals
acrodermatitis enteropathica
aldosterone
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
bone density
A genetic abnormality that causes secondary zinc deficiency
A hormone produces by the adrenal glands in response to low b…
A hormone released by the pituitary gland during periods of l…
The amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone
acrodermatitis enteropathica
A genetic abnormality that causes secondary zinc deficiency
aldosterone
A hormone produces by the adrenal glands in response to low b…
8 terms
Chapter 8- Rocks and Minerals
mineral
sedimentary rock
igneous rock
metamorphic rock
a nonliving, natural substance found in the earth
rock formed from layers of rock pieces and other materials th…
rock formed when magma or lava cools and hardens
rock formed when heat and pressure are applied to sedimentary…
mineral
a nonliving, natural substance found in the earth
sedimentary rock
rock formed from layers of rock pieces and other materials th…
12 terms
8 grade rocks and minerals
Rock-forming mineral
Granite
Basalt
Grains
20 minerals that make up the earths crust
Intrusive igneous rock that is high in silica
Extrusive igneous rock that is formed above earths surface an…
Particles and minerals in other rocks
Rock-forming mineral
20 minerals that make up the earths crust
Granite
Intrusive igneous rock that is high in silica
35 terms
Minerals Science 8
What form is crystal structure
What are minerals composed of
Talc
Gypsum
Atoms
Atoms that are arranged in a certain way solid nonliving subs…
1
2
What form is crystal structure
Atoms
What are minerals composed of
Atoms that are arranged in a certain way solid nonliving subs…
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