Study sets matching "minerals 8"

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Study sets matching "minerals 8"

15 terms
8 Minerals
Mineral
Crystals
Silicate Minerals
Nonsilicate Minerals
Naturally Formed, inorganic, solid that has a crystalline str…
Pattern of atoms or molecules that is present throughout a mi…
Minerals that contain a combination of Silicon and Oxygen
Minerals that contain a combination of elements other than Si…
Mineral
Naturally Formed, inorganic, solid that has a crystalline str…
Crystals
Pattern of atoms or molecules that is present throughout a mi…
8 Minerals
Quartz
Orthoclase
Pyrite
Calcite
Quartz
Orthoclase
24 terms
Minerals 8
Mineral
all 5 things to make a mineral
naturally occurring
solid
Must meet all 5 characteristics
inorganic, naturally occurring, solid, crystal structure, def…
formed by natural processes
volume and shape
Mineral
Must meet all 5 characteristics
all 5 things to make a mineral
inorganic, naturally occurring, solid, crystal structure, def…
53 terms
#8 Minerals
What are minerals?
Macominerals
Microminerals
What is the most abundant mineral in t…
essential macro and micronutrients the body needs to help reg…
calcium... magnesium... sodium... potassium... chloride... phosphorus
chromium... cooper... fluoride... iodine... iron... manganese... molybdenum... sel…
calcium and food is the main source of calcium (dairy, brocco…
What are minerals?
essential macro and micronutrients the body needs to help reg…
Macominerals
calcium... magnesium... sodium... potassium... chloride... phosphorus
18 terms
Minerals to Know Week 8
Zircon
Rutile
Pyrolusite
Cassiterite
ZrSiO4
Ti,O
Mn,O
Sn,O
Zircon
ZrSiO4
Rutile
Ti,O
7 terms
Grade 8 Science Vocabulary - Minerals
mineral
Mohs Harness Scale
Streak
Luster
A natural occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal struc…
This ranks ten minerals from softest to hardest
The colour of the minerals powder
The term used to describe how a mineral reflects light from i…
mineral
A natural occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal struc…
Mohs Harness Scale
This ranks ten minerals from softest to hardest
14 terms
Sci 8 Properties of Minerals
Mohs hardness property test
Color property test
streak property test
luster property test
perform scratch test
Observe surface of mineral
observe colorof powder on unglazed tile
observe how mineral reflects light
Mohs hardness property test
perform scratch test
Color property test
Observe surface of mineral
21 terms
MINERALS CH 8
mineral
rock cycle
fossils
pumice
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
Geologists find this only in sedimentary rock
The only rock that floats. It is igneous.
mineral
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
rock cycle
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
7 terms
Chapter 8 Minerals Vocabulary
Mineral
Luster
Hardness
Cleavage
A naturally occurring, organic solid that has a definite chem…
The way in which a mineral reflects light. (metallic or non-m…
The ability of a mineral to resist being scratched.
When a mineral breaks in flat surfaces.
Mineral
A naturally occurring, organic solid that has a definite chem…
Luster
The way in which a mineral reflects light. (metallic or non-m…
20 terms
Science 8-ILS/Rocks & Minerals
minerals
rocks
physical properties
chemical properties
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
the characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
A property of matter that describes a substance's ability to…
minerals
THE MOST COMMON FORM OF SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN THE EARTH'S C…
rocks
made up of one or more mineral, named by how they are formed
31 terms
(Minerals and rocks) Identification Geology 8
Calcite
Chalcopyrite
Copper
Corundum
I am a clear or reddish glassy mineral with diagonal sides
I am greenish gold; not as metallic as pyrite
I look like a squished penny
I am a purplish or reddish mineral that is squat-barrel shape…
Calcite
I am a clear or reddish glassy mineral with diagonal sides
Chalcopyrite
I am greenish gold; not as metallic as pyrite
21 terms
MINERALS CH 8
mineral
rock cycle
fossils
pumice
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
Geologists find this only in sedimentary rock
The only rock that floats. It is igneous.
mineral
A nonliving naturally occurring solid. There are over 4,000 k…
rock cycle
The process by which rocks are constantly being formed and de…
10 terms
Science - 8 Minerals
luster
breakage
cleavage
fracture
how a mineral reflects light; 2 types metallic or non-metallic
how a mineral breaks along its atomic plane
smooth; think cut with a meat cleaver
a rough or uneven break
luster
how a mineral reflects light; 2 types metallic or non-metallic
breakage
how a mineral breaks along its atomic plane
75 terms
8. Water and Minerals
acrodermatitis enteropathica
aldosterone
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
bone density
A genetic abnormality that causes secondary zinc deficiency
A hormone produces by the adrenal glands in response to low b…
A hormone released by the pituitary gland during periods of l…
The amount of bone tissue in a certain volume of bone
acrodermatitis enteropathica
A genetic abnormality that causes secondary zinc deficiency
aldosterone
A hormone produces by the adrenal glands in response to low b…
12 terms
Sci 8 Lesson 1 Properties of Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal
streak
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
Particles line up in a pattern that repeats over and over aga…
the color of a mineral's powder
mineral
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
inorganic
Not formed from living things or the remains of living things
28 terms
8 Science Minerals/Rocks
Mineral
Element
Compound
Crystal
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a def…
Mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid with a definite crystalli…
Element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
13 terms
Ch. 8 Vitamins & Minerals
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
Niacin (Vitamin B3)
-Water-Soluble... -Helps maintain capillaries, bones, skin and t…
-Water-Soluble... -Turns carbs into energy... -Muscle coordination…
-Water-Soluble... -Releases energy from carbs, proteins, and fat…
-Water Soluble... -Releases energy from carbs, proteins, and fat…
Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
-Water-Soluble... -Helps maintain capillaries, bones, skin and t…
Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
-Water-Soluble... -Turns carbs into energy... -Muscle coordination…
Science 8 - Minerals
crystal
crystallization
dissolve
ion
solid chemical substance with a regular, repeating arrangemen…
when particles dissolved in a liquid solidify to form crystals
to dispense or disappear in solution
An atom or group of atoms with an electric charge. An atom th…
crystal
solid chemical substance with a regular, repeating arrangemen…
crystallization
when particles dissolved in a liquid solidify to form crystals
6 terms
Science Ch. 8 Rocks & Minerals
sediment
luster
mineral
sedimentary rock
the eroded material that settles on land or on the bottom of…
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
natural, nonliving solid crystals that make up rocks
rock that forms when layers of sediment are pressed together…
sediment
the eroded material that settles on land or on the bottom of…
luster
the way a mineral's surface reflects light
Minerals - Earth Science 8
Mineral properties
Fracture
Cleavage
Luster
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
The breaking of a mineral that splits evenly along flat surfa…
The term used to describe how light is reflected off a mineral
Mineral properties
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
Fracture
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
classes of minerals cchs 8
Silicates
Carbonates
Halides
Oxides
major elements include silicon and oxygen.... most common class…
contains combination of carbon and oxygen.
contains combinations of Fluorine, Chlorine, Iodine, Bromine,…
contains combinations of aluminum, iron, and oxygen.... very den…
Silicates
major elements include silicon and oxygen.... most common class…
Carbonates
contains combination of carbon and oxygen.
25 terms
8 Minerals & Rocks Vocab
mineral
crystal shape
color
luster
Must be: solid, inorganic/abiotic, naturally occurring, have…
Results from the way atoms or molecules come together as the…
What a mineral looks like - the least dependable property to…
The way a mineral reflects light - metallic and nonmetallic
mineral
Must be: solid, inorganic/abiotic, naturally occurring, have…
crystal shape
Results from the way atoms or molecules come together as the…
11 terms
Science 8: Chapter 3 - Minerals
Mineral
Crystal
Magma
Silicate
Naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
Hot melted rock material below earths surface
A mineral that contains silicone and oxygen and usually one o…
Mineral
Naturally occurring inorganic solid that has a definite chemi…
Crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly repeati…
15 terms
List # 8 Minerals and Rocks
cleavage
fracture
mineral
Mohs Scale
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
a naturally occurring, inorganic solid that has a crystal str…
A scale ranking ten minerals from softest to hardest; used in…
cleavage
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
fracture
the way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
37 terms
Science 8 - Minerals
rock
ore
Identifying Minerals ( hint : 7 )
Acid Test
solid material in the earth's crust comprised of a natural co…
rocks that contain certain valuable mineral... ex) iron ore
1) color... 2) streak - nail, penny: find color of powder... 3) Lus…
hydrochloric acid reacts : giving off bubbls of gas
rock
solid material in the earth's crust comprised of a natural co…
ore
rocks that contain certain valuable mineral... ex) iron ore
22 terms
Sci 8 Ch 9: Minerals
aluminum
1880's
symbol
formulas
prized because it is light, fairly strong and rust resistant
Aluminum was expensive before this time
shorthand way of writing chemical formulas, the letters used…
a way of representing compounds
aluminum
prized because it is light, fairly strong and rust resistant
1880's
Aluminum was expensive before this time
70 terms
Sci 8: Ch 9B Minerals
outcrop
mineralogy
mineralogist
5
a rocky area
the study of minerals
scientist who studies minerals
number of general mineral physical properties
outcrop
a rocky area
mineralogy
the study of minerals
17 terms
Chapter 8 Minerals: Luster
Nonmetallic
Metallic
Nonmetallic
Nonmetallic
silver
Nonmetallic
Metallic
silver
13 terms
Chapter 8 - Rocks and minerals
mineral
rock
crystal
gem
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
Solid materials that have an orderly pattern of atoms
are minerals that are rare that can be cut and polished, givi…
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
rock
A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals o…
17 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals.
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Major Mineral
Trace Mineral
fluid inside the cells
fluid outside the cells
a mineral vital to health that is required in the diet in amo…
a mineral vital to health that is required in the diet in amo…
Intracellular Fluid
fluid inside the cells
Extracellular Fluid
fluid outside the cells
17 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals
Mineral
Electrolytes
Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium,…
Iron, iodine, copper, and fluoride
4% of body weight... An inorganic element that is necessary for…
Essential in maintaining the body's fluid balance, and they c…
Major Minerals
Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, chloride, magnesium,…
Trace Minerals
Iron, iodine, copper, and fluoride
13 terms
Ch. 8-Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorus
Magnesium
Sodium, Chloride, and Potassium
regulates blood clotting and nerve activity, muscle contracti…
works with calcium to build strong bones and teeth, helps rel…
helps build bones and make proteins, helps nerves and muscles…
electrolytes
Calcium
regulates blood clotting and nerve activity, muscle contracti…
Phosphorus
works with calcium to build strong bones and teeth, helps rel…
17 terms
Minerals (Chap. 8)
Hemoglobin
Osteoporosis
Fluid and electrolyte balance
Goiter
The oxygen carrying protein of the blood
Reduction of bone mass of older persons in which the bones be…
Maintenance of the proper amounts/kinds of fluids and mineral…
Enlargement of the thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency
Hemoglobin
The oxygen carrying protein of the blood
Osteoporosis
Reduction of bone mass of older persons in which the bones be…
9 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals
Calcium
Phosphorous
Magnesium
Sodium
regulates blood clotting--osteoporosis
releases energy, builds bones, makes protein--protein foods
builds bones, regulates body temp, heart function--nuts, dairy
ELECTROLYTE! less than 2300 mg/day--balance fluids & regulate…
Calcium
regulates blood clotting--osteoporosis
Phosphorous
releases energy, builds bones, makes protein--protein foods
35 terms
Lecture #8: Vitamins and Minerals
Name all 13 vitamins and identify whic…
Define enrichment and fortification.
Give a general overview of vitamins in…
What is the main function of vitamin D…
Water Soluble... -Vitamin C... -Thiamin (B1)... -Riboflavin (B2)... -Niac…
Enrichment: adding back some vitamins and minerals lost durin…
-Fat soluble are generally stored in liver or fat stores (exc…
Function: bone health (regulating calcium levels in blood), d…
Name all 13 vitamins and identify whic…
Water Soluble... -Vitamin C... -Thiamin (B1)... -Riboflavin (B2)... -Niac…
Define enrichment and fortification.
Enrichment: adding back some vitamins and minerals lost durin…
Ch. 8 Minerals
Major Minerals
Trace Minerals
Minerlas
Calcium Function
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride,…
Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Fluoride, Chromium, Manganese,…
0kcal/gram... Micronutrient... Heavily concentrated in animal foods
*mineralization of bone/teeth... *muscle contraction... *nerve func…
Major Minerals
Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride,…
Trace Minerals
Iron, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Fluoride, Chromium, Manganese,…
41 terms
Ch. 8: Minerals
Major (Macro) Minerals
Trace (Micro) Minerals
Bioavailability
Mineral bioavailabilty
- present in body at levels greater than 0.01% of body weight…
- present in body at levels less than 0.01% of body weight... -…
amount or proportion (percentage) of a nutrient and mineral t…
Under 5%; because of charge attached to minerals
Major (Macro) Minerals
- present in body at levels greater than 0.01% of body weight…
Trace (Micro) Minerals
- present in body at levels less than 0.01% of body weight... -…
8 types of minerals
Silicate minerals/ silicus
Native elements
Carbonates
Halide minerals
Made of silicon tatrehedrons
Contain only 1 atom
Are formed when 2 carbon atoms are bound with an oxygen atom.
Form from salt water evaporate
Silicate minerals/ silicus
Made of silicon tatrehedrons
Native elements
Contain only 1 atom
Grade 8 - Rocks and Minerals
crystal
cleavage
streak
hardness
crystal solid in which the atoms are arranged in ... an orderly,…
the atoms are arranged so perfectly that crystals break along…
color of a mineral when it is in powder form
measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
crystal
crystal solid in which the atoms are arranged in ... an orderly,…
cleavage
the atoms are arranged so perfectly that crystals break along…
12 terms
8 grade rocks and minerals
Rock-forming mineral
Granite
Basalt
Grains
20 minerals that make up the earths crust
Intrusive igneous rock that is high in silica
Extrusive igneous rock that is formed above earths surface an…
Particles and minerals in other rocks
Rock-forming mineral
20 minerals that make up the earths crust
Granite
Intrusive igneous rock that is high in silica
10 terms
Topic 8: Rocks and Minerals
Mineral
Sedimentary Rock
Igneous Rock
Metamorphic Rock
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
Rock formed by compaction and cementation of particles
Rock formed by lava or magma
Rock formed by heat and pressure
Mineral
A naturally occurring inorganic solid
Sedimentary Rock
Rock formed by compaction and cementation of particles
34 terms
Ch. 8 Minerals.
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Osmosis
Antidiuretic Hormone
fluid inside the cells
fluid outside the cells
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane
stimulates the kidney to reabsorb water
Intracellular Fluid
fluid inside the cells
Extracellular Fluid
fluid outside the cells
10 terms
Minerals - Earth Science 8
Mineral properties
Fracture
Cleavage
Luster
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
The breaking of a mineral that splits evenly along flat surfa…
The term used to describe how light is reflected off a mineral
Mineral properties
Naturally occurring... Solid... Crystal structure... Forms by inorgani…
Fracture
The breaking of a mineral in an irregular way
Chapter 8 Vitamins and Minerals
antioxidants
electrolyte minerals
fat-soluble vitamins
free radicals
Substances that protect body cells and immune system from dam…
Sodium, chloride, and potassium, which control and balance fl…
Vitamins absorbed and transported by fat.
Harmful by-product excreted when cells burn oxygen to produce…
antioxidants
Substances that protect body cells and immune system from dam…
electrolyte minerals
Sodium, chloride, and potassium, which control and balance fl…
13 terms
Ch. 8 Vitamins and Minerals
Antioxidents
Electrolyte minerals
Fat soluble vitamins
Free radicals
Substances that protect the body cells and the immune system…
Form chemical particles called electrolyte
Vitamins absorbed and transported by fat
By product of burned oxygen used to produce energy, can damag…
Antioxidents
Substances that protect the body cells and the immune system…
Electrolyte minerals
Form chemical particles called electrolyte
59 terms
Ch. 8 - Water and Minerals
Water
Solvent
Kidneys
Water Balance
Most indispensable nutrient... Makes up about 60% adult weight... U…
Substance that dissolves another and holds it in solution
Filter wastes from blood and excrete them as urine
The balance between water intake and water excretion which ke…
Water
Most indispensable nutrient... Makes up about 60% adult weight... U…
Solvent
Substance that dissolves another and holds it in solution
Ch. 8 Minerals
Best method to prepare food
deficiency of iodine, condition of wha…
major role of zinc
function of chromium
steaming
goiter, thyroid gland
growth, wound healing
glucose metabolism
Best method to prepare food
steaming
deficiency of iodine, condition of wha…
goiter, thyroid gland
20 terms
Water + Minerals (Ch. 8)
Minerals
Which three minerals have U.S. intakes…
Water
Water functions
naturally occurring, inorganic, homogeneous substances; chemi…
- Potassium (for everyone)... - Calcium (for everyone)... - Iron (f…
- The most indispensable nutrient, makes up about 60% of an a…
- carries nutrients throughout the body... - (universal solvent)…
Minerals
naturally occurring, inorganic, homogeneous substances; chemi…
Which three minerals have U.S. intakes…
- Potassium (for everyone)... - Calcium (for everyone)... - Iron (f…
Minerals and Water (8)
roles of water in body fluids
water balance
dehydration
water intake regulation
-carries nutrients and waste products throughout the body... -ma…
that balance between water intake and water excretion that ke…
the loss of water from the body that occurs when water output…
-blood becomes too concentrated, the mouth becomes dry, hypot…
roles of water in body fluids
-carries nutrients and waste products throughout the body... -ma…
water balance
that balance between water intake and water excretion that ke…
Science 8 Minerals
matter
mass
volume
density
anything that has mass and volume.
the amount of matter in an object.
the amount of space an object takes up.
the amount of mass in a given volume. (D=M/V)
matter
anything that has mass and volume.
mass
the amount of matter in an object.
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