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Study sets matching "minerals chapter 5"

17 terms
Minerals Vocabulary (Chapter 5)
Element
Compound
Inorganic
Mineralogy
a substance composed of atoms that a chemically alike and tha…
a substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
not made up of living organisms or the remains of living orga…
the study of minerals and their properties.
Element
a substance composed of atoms that a chemically alike and tha…
Compound
a substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
21 terms
Minerals Vocabulary (Chapter 5)
Element
Compound
Inorganic
Mineralogy
a substance composed of atoms that a chemically alike and tha…
a substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
not made up of living organisms or the remains of living orga…
the study of minerals and their properties.
Element
a substance composed of atoms that a chemically alike and tha…
Compound
a substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
25 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
Mineral
Silicate mineral
Tetrahedron
nonsilicate minerals
a natural, usually inorganic, solid that has a characteristic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon (Si) and oxy…
four oxygen atoms arranged in a pyramid with one silicon atom…
Minerals that do not contain both Silicon and Oxygen in their…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic, solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon (Si) and oxy…
12 terms
Chapter 5, continued - Minerals
The 2 most abundant minerals in Earth'…
These 2 major silicates are...
quartz properties
feldspar
quartz and feldspar
...comprised (made up of) silicon and oxygen
a. They are the hardest COMMON mineral... b. Their colors range…
...can be orthoclase (pink) or plagioclase (grey)
The 2 most abundant minerals in Earth'…
quartz and feldspar
These 2 major silicates are...
...comprised (made up of) silicon and oxygen
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
12 terms
Chapter 5, continued - Minerals
The 2 most abundant minerals in Earth'…
These 2 major silicates are...
quartz properties
feldspar
quartz and feldspar
...comprised (made up of) silicon and oxygen
a. They are the hardest COMMON mineral... b. Their colors range…
...can be orthoclase (pink) or plagioclase (grey)
The 2 most abundant minerals in Earth'…
quartz and feldspar
These 2 major silicates are...
...comprised (made up of) silicon and oxygen
18 terms
Minerals of Earth's Crust (chapter 5)
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
A mineral that doesn't contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
Mineral
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
10 terms
Chapter 5 - Minerals
mineral
hardness
Si-O
luster
a natural, inorganic solid, that has a definite chemical comp…
the ability of a mineral to resist scratching; scale of 1 to 10
the basic building block of all silicate minerals; pyramid st…
the way in which a mineral reflects light
mineral
a natural, inorganic solid, that has a definite chemical comp…
hardness
the ability of a mineral to resist scratching; scale of 1 to 10
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
19 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
mineral
silicate minerals
nonsilicate minerals
color
(5 characteristics) a NATURALLY, usually INORGANIC SOLID that…
minerals that contain a combination of silicon and oxygen, an…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a physical property of mineral that is easy to observe, used…
mineral
(5 characteristics) a NATURALLY, usually INORGANIC SOLID that…
silicate minerals
minerals that contain a combination of silicon and oxygen, an…
26 terms
Minerals (Chapter 5)
biogenic minerals
cleavage
color
conchoidal fractures
Minerals that form as a result of biological processes.
The way in which minerals tend to split them selves when stru…
The color of the mineral is often misleading for identificati…
Fractures that break off in somewhat of a circular manner. Ob…
biogenic minerals
Minerals that form as a result of biological processes.
cleavage
The way in which minerals tend to split them selves when stru…
13 terms
Science Chapter 5, Rocks and Minerals
Cleavage
Hardness
Luster
Mineral
The tendency of a mineral to split easily along flat surfaces.
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
The way a mineral shines, or reflects light.
A nonliving solid material that has a definite chemical makeu…
Cleavage
The tendency of a mineral to split easily along flat surfaces.
Hardness
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched.
8 terms
Chapter 5- Minerals. 2015
mineral
rock
streak
luster
only one type of inorganic substance present
a combination of naturally formed inorganic substances
color AFTER mineral is rubbed on hard surface
appearance of mineral surface in light
mineral
only one type of inorganic substance present
rock
a combination of naturally formed inorganic substances
56 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals Vocabulary
anion
biogenic minerals
carbonates
cation
A negatively charged ion
Substances that meet the definition of a mineral and are prod…
Rocks containing mainly calcite and/or dolomite
A positively charged ion
anion
A negatively charged ion
biogenic minerals
Substances that meet the definition of a mineral and are prod…
23 terms
Chapter 5 Atoms to Minerals
atomic number
carbonate
cleavage
compound
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance that contains atoms of two or more elements that…
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
carbonate
A nonsilicate mineral that has as its major building block on…
8 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
Solid
Inorganic
Naturally occurring
Crystal Structure
Not liquid or gas
made from Nonliving things
not made by humans
a basic pattern of atoms that repeats over and over again
Solid
Not liquid or gas
Inorganic
made from Nonliving things
18 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals and Rocks
minerals
igneous rock
sedimentary rock
metamorphic rock
A substance found in nature that is not a plant or an animal.
A "fire-made" rock.
Forms when sand, mud, and pebbles at the bottom of rivers, la…
A rock that has changed form through squeezing and heating.
minerals
A substance found in nature that is not a plant or an animal.
igneous rock
A "fire-made" rock.
12 terms
Chapter 5 minerals
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic ch…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
Mineral
natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic ch…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
Earth Science Chapter 5 MINERALS
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecule…
the basic unit of the structure of sil…
a natural, usually inorganic solid tha…
a mineral that contains a combination…
crystal
silicon-oxygen tetrahedron
mineral
silicate mineral
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecule…
crystal
the basic unit of the structure of sil…
silicon-oxygen tetrahedron
20 terms
Chapter 5:minerals
Isloated tetrahedra
Ring silicates
Single chain silicates
Double chain silicates
do not link with other silicon or oxygen atoms (1 corner touc…
for rings by sharing oxygen atoms (2 corners touching)
form a chain by sharing oxygen atoms (3 corners touching)
two single chains of tetrahedra bond to each other (3 corner…
Isloated tetrahedra
do not link with other silicon or oxygen atoms (1 corner touc…
Ring silicates
for rings by sharing oxygen atoms (2 corners touching)
11 terms
chapter 5 minerals
mineral
Silicate mineral
nonsilicate minerals
crystal
a natural inorganic solid
a mineral that contains silicone si, or oxygen
a mineral that does not contain silicone si or oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
mineral
a natural inorganic solid
Silicate mineral
a mineral that contains silicone si, or oxygen
12 terms
chapter 5 minerals
minerals
silicate mineral
nonsilicate mineral
crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen
about 4% of earth's crust is made of minerals that don't cont…
solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a pattern
minerals
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
silicate mineral
mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen
23 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
Mineralogists
Mineralogy
Mineral
crystal
people who specialize in the study of minerals
the study of minerals
naturally occurring solid, formed by geologic processes, that…
single, continuous piece of crystalline solid, typically boun…
Mineralogists
people who specialize in the study of minerals
Mineralogy
the study of minerals
32 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
mineral
sugar
salt
Florine
a solid, natural, inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
is not a mineral. Its is harvested by plants
is a mineral
is a mineral
mineral
a solid, natural, inorganic solid that has a characteristic c…
sugar
is not a mineral. Its is harvested by plants
14 terms
Chapter 5 minerals
Lava
Igneous
Partial melting
Bowens reaction series
...
...
...
...
Lava
...
Igneous
...
15 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
Mineral
Strong Atomic Bonds in Minerals
Weaker Atomic Bonds in Minerals
Polymorphs
has to be naturally occurring, solid, formed geologically, cr…
harder, higher melting points, faster growth where bonds form…
softer, lower melting points, the direction controls breakage
same composition (carbon), different structure; i.e. diamonds…
Mineral
has to be naturally occurring, solid, formed geologically, cr…
Strong Atomic Bonds in Minerals
harder, higher melting points, faster growth where bonds form…
13 terms
Chapter 5 (minerals) Vocabulary
Mineral
Rock-forming minerals
Silicate mineral
Nonsilicate mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
the most common minerals that form the rocks that make up Ear…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxyg…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Rock-forming minerals
the most common minerals that form the rocks that make up Ear…
12 terms
Chapter 5 minerals
Mineral
Silicate
Nonsilicate mineral
Crystal
Elements found in food that are used by the body
four oxygen joined to one silicon atom in a tetrahedron
A mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
An orderly, three-dimensional pattern of ions or atoms in a s…
Mineral
Elements found in food that are used by the body
Silicate
four oxygen joined to one silicon atom in a tetrahedron
23 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals Vocabulary
cleavage
metal
luster
atomic number
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
An element that loses electrons easily to form positive ions.
The property of a mineral that describes the quality or appea…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
cleavage
The tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
metal
An element that loses electrons easily to form positive ions.
20 terms
Chapter 5 minerals
Mineral
inorganic
chemical composition
silicate mineral
natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic ch…
one that is not made up of living things or the remains of li…
the arrangement, type and ratio of atoms in molecules of chem…
mineral that contains a combination of silicon, and oxygen
Mineral
natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic ch…
inorganic
one that is not made up of living things or the remains of li…
37 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
industrial minerals
ore minerals
gems
mineral
serve as the raw materials for manufacturing chemicals, concr…
provide valuable metals, like copper and gold, and provide en…
beautiful forms of certain minerals
a naturally occurring solid, formed by geologic processes, th…
industrial minerals
serve as the raw materials for manufacturing chemicals, concr…
ore minerals
provide valuable metals, like copper and gold, and provide en…
12 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
mineral
silicate mineral
nonsilicate minerals
crystal
natural, inorganic sold with a chemical composition, crystall…
contains a combination of silicon and oxygen and may contain…
do not contai compounds of silicon and oxygen
solid whose atoms, ions,or molecules are arranged in a regula…
mineral
natural, inorganic sold with a chemical composition, crystall…
silicate mineral
contains a combination of silicon and oxygen and may contain…
12 terms
chapter 5 minerals
mineral
silicate mineral
non-silicate mineral
crystal
is a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characterist…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, Si, and oxy…
approximately 4% of earth's crust is made up of minerals that…
is a solid whose atom, ions, or molecules are arranged in a r…
mineral
is a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characterist…
silicate mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, Si, and oxy…
12 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Minerals
Crystal
is a naturally occurring substance, representable by a chemic…
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
A mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
A sold whose atoms ions or molecules are arranged in a regula…
Mineral
is a naturally occurring substance, representable by a chemic…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen a…
12 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon, and oxygen
does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a reg…
Mineral
a natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate Mineral
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon, and oxygen
minerals chapter 5
element
isotopes
molecule
covalent bonds
a substance that can not be broken into smaller substances
atoms of an element have different masses
two or more atoms held together by covelent bonds
formed by sharing electrons
element
a substance that can not be broken into smaller substances
isotopes
atoms of an element have different masses
39 terms
Chapter 5-Minerals
Atom
Atomic number
Atomic mass
Biogenic material
Smallest piece of an element, nucleus surrounded by an electr…
Number of protons in the nucleus of a given element
Amount of matter in an atom, sum of protons plus number of ne…
Substances that meet the definition of a mineral and are prod…
Atom
Smallest piece of an element, nucleus surrounded by an electr…
Atomic number
Number of protons in the nucleus of a given element
Chapter 5 Minerals
Cleavage
Element
Luster
Crystal
The Tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
A substance of Atoms that are chemically alike and cannot be…
The Property of a mineral that describes the quality or appea…
A solid substance in which the atoms or ions are arranged in…
Cleavage
The Tendency of a mineral to split along planes of its crysta…
Element
A substance of Atoms that are chemically alike and cannot be…
39 terms
Minerals (Chapter 5)
atom
atomic number
biogenic minerals
carbonate mineral
smallest piece of an element that has properties of an elemen…
amount of protons in the nucleus of an element
minerals that are produced naturally by organisms
...
atom
smallest piece of an element that has properties of an elemen…
atomic number
amount of protons in the nucleus of an element
23 terms
Chapter 5 : Minerals
Mineral
How to identify minerals
Color
Luster
-natural occurring solid... -chemical composition... -inorganic
-luster... -streak... -hardness... -cleavage & fracture... -color... -specif…
Light or Dark
how light is reflected off the surface
Mineral
-natural occurring solid... -chemical composition... -inorganic
How to identify minerals
-luster... -streak... -hardness... -cleavage & fracture... -color... -specif…
57 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
Matter
Mass
Weight
Atomic mass:
Any physical material that makes up part of the universe
The amount of matter in an object
a common unit of measurement... mass X Gravity
The total amount of mass in an atom:... equal to the number of p…
Matter
Any physical material that makes up part of the universe
Mass
The amount of matter in an object
25 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
Ring silicates
Sheet silicate
Framework silicates
Single-chain silicates
Tetrahedra link together in a circle
Tetrahedra share three oxygen atoms
Each tetrahedron bonds to four tetrehedron
Tetrahedro link together in a chain
Ring silicates
Tetrahedra link together in a circle
Sheet silicate
Tetrahedra share three oxygen atoms
34 terms
Chapter 5: Minerals
mineral
why are minerals important?
isotope
cation
naturally-occurring (not man-made), inorganic, solid with def…
minerals = resources, tell us about processes on earth
number of neutrons changed
loss of electron(s) so positively charged
mineral
naturally-occurring (not man-made), inorganic, solid with def…
why are minerals important?
minerals = resources, tell us about processes on earth
27 terms
Minerals Chapter 5
What is a mineral?
how many known minerals are there?
what are mixtures of different mineral…
3 ways minerals form
1. naturally occurring ... 2. solid... 3. formed geologically ... 4. h…
over 4,000
rocks
1. Evaporative Process... 2. Magma Process... 3. Pressure Process
What is a mineral?
1. naturally occurring ... 2. solid... 3. formed geologically ... 4. h…
how many known minerals are there?
over 4,000
21 terms
chapter 5 minerals
Mineral
Silicate Mineral
Nonsilicate Mineral
Crystal
is a natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristi…
a mineral that combination of silcon si and oxygen o.
a mineral that does not contain componds of silicon and oxygen.
is a solid whos atoms ions or molecules are arranged in a reg…
Mineral
is a natural usually inorganic solid that has a characteristi…
Silicate Mineral
a mineral that combination of silcon si and oxygen o.
12 terms
chapter 5 minerals
mineral
silicate mineral
nonsilicate mineral
crystal
a naturally occuring substance
a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen
do not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen
a solid whose atom
mineral
a naturally occuring substance
silicate mineral
a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen
11 terms
Chapter 5 Minerals
mineral
crystal
magma
silicate
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite structu…
solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
hot, molten rock material beneath the Earth's surface
mineral containing silicone and oxygen
mineral
a naturally occurring inorganic solid with a definite structu…
crystal
solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
8 terms
Minerals (chapter 5)
Color
Luster
Hardness
Streak
What color something is
How a mineral reflects light (metallic or non metallic)
The resistance to scratching
When dragged across something--- the powder left behind
Color
What color something is
Luster
How a mineral reflects light (metallic or non metallic)
30 terms
Chapter 5- Minerals
Mineral
Silicate mineral
Carbonates
Halides
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
Compounds that contain a carbonate group
Compounds that consist of chlorine or fluorine combined with…
Mineral
A natural, usually inorganic solid that has a characteristic…
Silicate mineral
A mineral that contains a combination of silicon and oxygen,…
12 terms
chapter 5 minerals
mineral
silicate mineral
nonsilicate mineral
crystal
is a natural norganic solid that has a characteristic chemica…
a combination of silicon and oxygen
minerals that do not contain compound
is a solid whose atoms ions or mineral crystal
mineral
is a natural norganic solid that has a characteristic chemica…
silicate mineral
a combination of silicon and oxygen
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