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Study sets matching "minerals guide"

minerals guide
diamonds v graphite
what makes a mineral?
physical properties
silicate group
chem composition: only C... different crystal structure
-naturally occurring... -solid... -formed by geological processes... -…
-color... -hardness... -cleavage... -luster... -streak
-si & o most common... -largest group of minerals
diamonds v graphite
chem composition: only C... different crystal structure
what makes a mineral?
-naturally occurring... -solid... -formed by geological processes... -…
17 terms
Mineral Guide
Graphite
Limonite
Galena
Chalcopyrite
Luster: Metallic... Hardness:1-2... Streak: Black... Color: Black... Clea…
Luster: Metallic to earth... Hardness: 1-5.5... Streak: Yellow Brow…
Luster: Metallic... Hardness: 2.5... Streak: Gray Black... Color: lead…
Luster: Metallic... Hardness: 3.5-4... Streak: Dark green to black…
Graphite
Luster: Metallic... Hardness:1-2... Streak: Black... Color: Black... Clea…
Limonite
Luster: Metallic to earth... Hardness: 1-5.5... Streak: Yellow Brow…
14 terms
Study Guide Minerals
Quartz
Zircon
Sylvite
Uraninite
SiO2
ZrSiO4
KCl
UO2
Quartz
SiO2
Zircon
ZrSiO4
20 terms
Minerals Stucy Guide
K Feldspar
Plagioclase Feldspar
Quartz
Magnetite
K Feldspar
Plagioclase Feldspar
27 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
cleavage
rock
hardness
luster
the tendency of a material to split easily along flat surface…
a solid material made up of one or more minerals. (noun)
a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched. (noun)
the way a mineral shines, or reflects light. (noun)
cleavage
the tendency of a material to split easily along flat surface…
rock
a solid material made up of one or more minerals. (noun)
28 terms
Minerals study guide
Zinc
Iodine
Chromium
Calcium
Found in oysters and helps in wound healing
Lack of can cause goilters
regulates insulin
Helps with blood clotting, muscle contractions and blood pres…
Zinc
Found in oysters and helps in wound healing
Iodine
Lack of can cause goilters
22 terms
Rocks and Minerals study guide
metamorphic
sedimentary
igneous
minerals
This rock is (igneous/sedimentary/metamorphic)
This rock is (igneous/sedimentary/metamorphic)
This rock is (igneous/sedimentary/metamorphic)
Elements make (minerals/elements/rocks) and then...
metamorphic
This rock is (igneous/sedimentary/metamorphic)
sedimentary
This rock is (igneous/sedimentary/metamorphic)
Minerals Study Guide
Luster
Hardness
Crystal Form
Color
How a mineral reflects light
Moh's Scale (1-10) how easily the mineral is scratched
Basic shape due to arrangement of atoms
May vary sample to sample
Luster
How a mineral reflects light
Hardness
Moh's Scale (1-10) how easily the mineral is scratched
22 terms
Minerals Study Guide
luster
streak
cleavage
fracture
the way a mineral reflects light
the color of the powder of a mineral
the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces
the manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or i…
luster
the way a mineral reflects light
streak
the color of the powder of a mineral
36 terms
minerals study guide
naturally occurring
inorganic
solid
definite chemical composition
Minerals are formed in nature, not made by people
Minerals are not made of living things
Minerals can't be gas or liquid
Minerals are made of an exact formula and have the same mater…
naturally occurring
Minerals are formed in nature, not made by people
inorganic
Minerals are not made of living things
29 terms
Minerals Study Guide
5 part mineral definition
How are minerals identified (All 8 tes…
How do minerals form
Mineral 5 part def.
Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Crystal Structure ... Formed by Inorg…
Color... Streak... Luster... Hardness... Crystal Structure... Cleavage/ Frac…
Cooling and evaporation
Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Crystal Structure ... Formed by Inorg…
5 part mineral definition
Naturally Occurring... Solid ... Crystal Structure ... Formed by Inorg…
How are minerals identified (All 8 tes…
Color... Streak... Luster... Hardness... Crystal Structure... Cleavage/ Frac…
11 terms
minerals study guide(><)
Mineral
Geologist
Transparent
Translucent
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that cons…
(of a material or article) allowing light to pass through so…
(of a substance) allowing light, but not detailed images, to…
Mineral
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence
Geologist
a scientist who studies the solid and liquid matter that cons…
10 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
What is a mineral?
How do you identify minerals?
Moh's scale
Name the 3 types of rocks
a solid, formed in nature, and has never been alive
their color, hardness (scratch test), and a streak test
a scale from 1 - 10 that is used to test the hardness of mine…
Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic
What is a mineral?
a solid, formed in nature, and has never been alive
How do you identify minerals?
their color, hardness (scratch test), and a streak test
28 terms
Atom, bonds and minerals review guide
Describe the location of particles in…
How many neutrons does the element sil…
How many electrons does the element pl…
why is plastic not considered a mineral
The center of the atom is called the nucleus.
61
78
Plastic is not naturally occurring, its made from oil, oil is…
Describe the location of particles in…
The center of the atom is called the nucleus.
How many neutrons does the element sil…
61
24 terms
Mineral Study Guide
What is a mineral?
What are the 5 characteristics of mine…
What does naturally occurring mean?
What does inorganic mean?
a naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, with a crystal struc…
1. naturally occurring ... 2. inorganic... 3. solid... 4. crystal stru…
the substance must occur in NATURE and can not be created by…
comes from substances that have NEVER lived.
What is a mineral?
a naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, with a crystal struc…
What are the 5 characteristics of mine…
1. naturally occurring ... 2. inorganic... 3. solid... 4. crystal stru…
14 terms
Rocks and Minerals study guide
A naturally occurring solid mixture of…
A naturally formed inorganic solid wit…
Earths scientist classifies the 3 main…
what processes could turn a sedimentar…
A Mineral
A Rock
- texture -origin... -how they form size shape - composition
melting and solidification
A naturally occurring solid mixture of…
A Mineral
A naturally formed inorganic solid wit…
A Rock
19 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
sediments
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressure
tiny particles of rock, soil, and other materials
Igneous Rocks
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Sedimentary Rocks
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
20 terms
minerals study guide
Inorganic
Magma
Lava
Gems
Means NOT living nor has it ever been living
Melted rock inside Earth is called...
Magma that reaches Earth's surface is called...
Rare minerals that can be cut and polished
Inorganic
Means NOT living nor has it ever been living
Magma
Melted rock inside Earth is called...
17 terms
GEOL MINERALS GUIDE
Gold mineral, will scratch glass
gold mineral, will not scratch glass
Grey metallic, red streak
grey metallic, high specific gravity,…
pyrite
chalcopyrite
hematite
galena
Gold mineral, will scratch glass
pyrite
gold mineral, will not scratch glass
chalcopyrite
13 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
Rocks
Minerals
Streak
Luster
Natural solid that is usally a mixture of minerals.
Natural non-living solid meterial found on earth, building a…
Colour of a powdered mineral when it is rubbed acroos unglaed…
How a mineral reflects light from the surface
Rocks
Natural solid that is usally a mixture of minerals.
Minerals
Natural non-living solid meterial found on earth, building a…
35 terms
Nutrition Minerals Guide
Calcium (E)
Calcium (D)
Calcium (F)
Chlorine (E)
Essential for bones & teeth mineralization, muscle contraction.
Deficiency of this mineral is osteoporosis (adults), ricketts…
Foods include: dairy products, beans, oysters, broccoli
Essential for fluid & acid/base balance, forms gastric juices…
Calcium (E)
Essential for bones & teeth mineralization, muscle contraction.
Calcium (D)
Deficiency of this mineral is osteoporosis (adults), ricketts…
12 terms
Minerals color guide
Fracture
Cleavage
Crystal
Mohs scale
Uneven surface when it breaks
Breaks along a flat surface
Atoms in a mineral are arranged in a way that forms a particu…
A scale that consists of 10 minerals, ranked for softest to h…
Fracture
Uneven surface when it breaks
Cleavage
Breaks along a flat surface
16 terms
Minerals (Anticipation Guide) Handout
Phosphorus
Typical adult use of ____is about 10 t…
Potassium is the major electrolyte con…
_____ necessary component of the stoma…
Most of the ______ in the diet is absorbed and used by the bo…
Sodium
Inside the cell
Chloride
Phosphorus
Most of the ______ in the diet is absorbed and used by the bo…
Typical adult use of ____is about 10 t…
Sodium
10 terms
Rocks/Minerals Study Guide
Igneous... (Pumice, basalt, Obsidian, Gra…
Metamorphic... (Marble, Slate, Gneiss)
Sedimentary... (Limestone, Dolomite, Shal…
Basalt
Formed by molten rock below or above the Earth's surface
Formed by heat and pressure
Formed by layers of sediment
Most of the ocean floor and islands are made of it
Igneous... (Pumice, basalt, Obsidian, Gra…
Formed by molten rock below or above the Earth's surface
Metamorphic... (Marble, Slate, Gneiss)
Formed by heat and pressure
20 terms
Minerals Review Guide
How are minerals grouped?
Percent for Silicates in Earth's Crust
What is an element
What are Carbonates
They are grouped according to composition
90%
A substance that contains the only one type of atom
Is the second most common group
How are minerals grouped?
They are grouped according to composition
Percent for Silicates in Earth's Crust
90%
13 terms
minerals/rocks study guide
luster
hardness
crystal form
color
how a mineral reflects light
mohs scale (1-10) how easily the mineral is scrached
basic shape due to arrangement of atoms
may vary sample to sa
luster
how a mineral reflects light
hardness
mohs scale (1-10) how easily the mineral is scrached
42 terms
Vitamins and Minerals Study Guide
Clinical condition from vitamin excess
Essential for blood clotting
Antioxidant and helps form collagen
Fat soluble vitamins
Hypervitaminosis
Vit K
Vit C
A D E K
Clinical condition from vitamin excess
Hypervitaminosis
Essential for blood clotting
Vit K
26 terms
Minerals and chemistry guide
Matter
Element
Atom
Molecule
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A form of meter that contains one type of atom
The smallest particles of elects that still have all the prop…
The smallest particle of a compound, formed by combining 2 or…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A form of meter that contains one type of atom
28 terms
Rocks & Minerals Study Guide
granite
marble
sandstone
basalt
an intrusive igneous rock with lots of crystals
a white metamorphic rock
a sedimentary rock made of compacted sand
an extrusive igneous igneous rock with no crystals
granite
an intrusive igneous rock with lots of crystals
marble
a white metamorphic rock
28 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
How do sedimentary rocks form?... give 1…
How do igneous rocks form?... Give 1 exam…
How do metamorphic rocks form?... Give 1…
alloy
...
...
...
a metal that is a combination of two or more metals often mak…
How do sedimentary rocks form?... give 1…
...
How do igneous rocks form?... Give 1 exam…
...
16 terms
Minerals and Rock Study Guide
cool quickly
Obsidian
Rock
there is no weathering on the Moon
Extrusive rocks have small grains because they
A rock is considered mafic if it is dark colored as well as r…
Granite is a kind of
Sedimentary rocks are not found on the Moon beacuse
cool quickly
Extrusive rocks have small grains because they
Obsidian
A rock is considered mafic if it is dark colored as well as r…
31 terms
Minerals and Rocks Review Guide
Characteristics of Minerals
Color
Streak
Luster
Naturally Occurring; Solid; Inorganic; Crystalline
Outward Appearance of the Mineral
The color of the powder that a mineral leaves on a piece of p…
The way the surface of the mineral reflects light
Characteristics of Minerals
Naturally Occurring; Solid; Inorganic; Crystalline
Color
Outward Appearance of the Mineral
20 terms
Rocks and minerals Study Guide
Minerals
color
Hardness
Cleavage/Fracture
All minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic, solids with…
The outside observable of a mineral. Not very reliable becaus…
a. Minerals resisting to scratching... b. Measuring in Moh's Sca…
The way a mineral breaks apart. Smooth breaks indicate Cleava…
Minerals
All minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic, solids with…
color
The outside observable of a mineral. Not very reliable becaus…
Rocks & Minerals Study Guide
What is a mineral?
4 major processes that form minerals?
Properties of minerals
Describe the rock cycle
Naturally formed, inorganic, solid that has a definite crysta…
1. Crystallization from magma ... 2. precipitation ... 3. Changes i…
1. Solid ... 2. naturally occurring... 3. inorganic... 4. fixed compos…
What is a mineral?
Naturally formed, inorganic, solid that has a definite crysta…
4 major processes that form minerals?
1. Crystallization from magma ... 2. precipitation ... 3. Changes i…
17 terms
Minerals Test Study Guide
Streak
Ductility
Fracture
Luster
The color of the powder left by a mineral when it is rubbed a…
A substances ability to be drawn or pulled into a wire.
A minerals tendency to break along irregular surfaces.
The way that a minerals surface reflects light.
Streak
The color of the powder left by a mineral when it is rubbed a…
Ductility
A substances ability to be drawn or pulled into a wire.
21 terms
Minerals study guide
Mineral
5 properties of minerals... (No I said c…
Naturally occuring
Inorganic
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a crystal structure…
Naturally occurring... Inorganic... Solid... Crystal structure... Definit…
Not man made formed by processes in the natural world
Not from previous living things
Mineral
Naturally occurring inorganic solid with a crystal structure…
5 properties of minerals... (No I said c…
Naturally occurring... Inorganic... Solid... Crystal structure... Definit…
30 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
Pangaea
Minerals
Color
Luster
super-continent
naturally occuring, inorganic solids with a crystalline struc…
most unreliable way of identifying a mineral
the way in which a mineral reflects light
Pangaea
super-continent
Minerals
naturally occuring, inorganic solids with a crystalline struc…
31 terms
Study Guide for Minerals
characteristic of minerals
streak
fracture
luster
1. naturally occurring... 2. inorganic... 3.solid ... 4.crystal struct…
The color of a mineral's powder when it shows up on a streak…
The way a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular…
The appearance or quality of light reflected from the surface…
characteristic of minerals
1. naturally occurring... 2. inorganic... 3.solid ... 4.crystal struct…
streak
The color of a mineral's powder when it shows up on a streak…
24 terms
Rocks and Minerals study guide
Mineral
Rock
Rock Cycle
Crystal
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline material with a…
A consolidated mixture of minerals
A model that illustrates the origin of the three basic rock t…
A piece of a homogeneous solid substance having a natural geo…
Mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline material with a…
Rock
A consolidated mixture of minerals
20 terms
Study Guide for Rocks and Minerals
sedimentary
metamorphic
igneous
sedimentary
Conglomerate is a ______ rock that is a mixture of many small…
Gneiss is a _____ rock formed when heat and pressure is appli…
Pumice is the extrusive _____ rock that floats.
Limestone is a _____ rock that contains calcite which caused…
sedimentary
Conglomerate is a ______ rock that is a mixture of many small…
metamorphic
Gneiss is a _____ rock formed when heat and pressure is appli…
8 terms
Rocks and Mineral Study Guide
Soil
Sedimentary rock
Effervescence
Mineral
An Earth material made of sediment, humus, air and water
An Earth material, such as limestone and sandstones, that for…
A property of the mineral calcite when it reacts with an acid
a nonliving substance that occurs naturally in Earth's crust
Soil
An Earth material made of sediment, humus, air and water
Sedimentary rock
An Earth material, such as limestone and sandstones, that for…
10 terms
Rock and Minerals Study Guide
minerals
igneous
metamorphic
sedimentary
rocks are made from materials called minerals-scientists look…
a "fire made" rock formed when hot lava or magma cools... Exampl…
a rock that has changed form through squeezing and heating... Ex…
a rock formed when sand, mud, pebbles at the bottom of the ri…
minerals
rocks are made from materials called minerals-scientists look…
igneous
a "fire made" rock formed when hot lava or magma cools... Exampl…
92 terms
Rocks and Minerals study guide
Albite
Almandine
Amazonite
Apatite
Amazonite
Apatite
Albite
Almandine
26 terms
Minerals and Rocks- Study Guides
Silicate Minerals
Non-silicate Minerals
Four Characteristics of Minerals
Six Classes of Non-Silicate Minerals
Minerals that must contains silicon and oxygen
Minerals that only contains native elements
1. Natural... 2. Inorganic... 3. Crystalline Structure... 4. Solid
1 Native Elements ... 2. Carbonates... 3. Halides... 4. Oxides... 5. Sulf…
Silicate Minerals
Minerals that must contains silicon and oxygen
Non-silicate Minerals
Minerals that only contains native elements
19 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
sediments
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressure
tiny particles of rock, soil, and other materials
Igneous Rocks
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Sedimentary Rocks
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
16 terms
Minerals quiz study guide
Augite
Biotite
Flourite
Calcite
Augite
Biotite
17 terms
Minerals Test Study Guide
Streak
Ductility
Fracture
Luster
The color of the powder left by a mineral when it is rubbed a…
A substances ability to be drawn or pulled into a wire.
A minerals tendency to break along irregular surfaces.
The way that a minerals surface reflects light.
Streak
The color of the powder left by a mineral when it is rubbed a…
Ductility
A substances ability to be drawn or pulled into a wire.
67 terms
Science - Minerals Study Guide/Vocab
Mineral
Inorganic
Crystal
Compound
Naturally Occurring... Solid... Inorganic... Crystal Structure... Definit…
formed from materials that were NOT a part of living things
a solid made up of a repeating pattern of a mineral's particles
a combination of elements in a certain ratio
Mineral
Naturally Occurring... Solid... Inorganic... Crystal Structure... Definit…
Inorganic
formed from materials that were NOT a part of living things
19 terms
Rocks and Minerals Study Guide
Igneous Rocks
Sedimentary Rocks
Metamorphic Rocks
sediments
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
rocks formed deep within the earth by intense heat and pressure
tiny particles of rock, soil, and other materials
Igneous Rocks
When melted rock cools and hardens it forms Igneous Rocks.
Sedimentary Rocks
Layers of sediments pressed together over time.
16 terms
Rocks and Minerals study Guide
Rock
Mineral
Differ. Rock or Mineral
Cleavage
A rock is a hard solid part of Earths surface and combination…
A basic building block of all rocks and is made up of one or…
A rock is made up of minerals and a mineral is made up of one…
Is the way some minerals naturally break into smaller pieces…
Rock
A rock is a hard solid part of Earths surface and combination…
Mineral
A basic building block of all rocks and is made up of one or…
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