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Study sets matching "minerals"

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Study sets matching "minerals"

17 terms
Minerals
rock
grain
texture
sediment
natural, solid mixture of minerals or particles
fragment that makes up a rock
grain size and the way grains fit together in a rock
rock material that is broken down into smaller pieces or diss…
rock
natural, solid mixture of minerals or particles
grain
fragment that makes up a rock
16 terms
MInerals
inorganic
naturally occurring
solid
crystalline pattern
not living/ never living
comes from natural geological process
having a set shape
atoms have a repeating pattersn
inorganic
not living/ never living
naturally occurring
comes from natural geological process
16 terms
Minerals
mineral
inorganic
crystal structure
luster
a solid material naturally found on the earth (a rock)
did not come from a living thing
minerals arranged in a repeating pattern
how shiny a mineral is (how it reflects light)
mineral
a solid material naturally found on the earth (a rock)
inorganic
did not come from a living thing
8 terms
Minerals
mineral
streak
luster
density
an inorganic solid that occurs naturally and has a definite c…
the color of a mineral in its powder form.
the way a mineral reflects light.
the mass of a sample of a substance divided by its volume.
mineral
an inorganic solid that occurs naturally and has a definite c…
streak
the color of a mineral in its powder form.
32 terms
Minerals
Mineral
Streak
Luster
Hardness
The building blocks of rocks. A naturally occurring, inorgani…
The color of a mineral's powdered form. This is done by rubbi…
The way light reflects off a mineral.
A physical property that describes the resistance of a minera…
Mineral
The building blocks of rocks. A naturally occurring, inorgani…
Streak
The color of a mineral's powdered form. This is done by rubbi…
5 terms
Minerals
mineral
streak
luster
density
an inorganic solid that occurs naturally and has a definite c…
the color of a mineral in its powder form.
the way a mineral reflects light.
the mass of a sample of a substance divided by its volume.
mineral
an inorganic solid that occurs naturally and has a definite c…
streak
the color of a mineral in its powder form.
11 terms
MInerals
solid
mineral
cleavage
fracture
having a set shape
naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, with crystalline patte…
mineral that breaks along smooth lines/planes
mineral that breaks along jagged lines
solid
having a set shape
mineral
naturally occurring, solid, inorganic, with crystalline patte…
14 terms
Minerals
mineral
inorganic
streak
luster
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal st…
Not formed from once living things or the remains of once liv…
The color of a minerals powder.
A way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal st…
inorganic
Not formed from once living things or the remains of once liv…
9 terms
Minerals
Gibbsite
Gold
Gypsum
Halite
utensils
computers ... jewelry... dentistry
cement
salt, nutrition
Gibbsite
utensils
Gold
computers ... jewelry... dentistry
39 terms
Minerals
Amphibole
Amphibole
Apatite
Biotite
Amphibole
Amphibole
12 terms
Minerals
Mineral
Streak
Luster
Hardness
The building blocks of rocks - a solid, inorganic substance t…
The color of a mineral's powdered form.
The way light reflects off a mineral.
A physical property that describes how hard a mineral is.
Mineral
The building blocks of rocks - a solid, inorganic substance t…
Streak
The color of a mineral's powdered form.
9 terms
Minerals
acid test
color
crystal form
element
mineral identification test used to see if a mineral sample c…
property of mineral used to describe physical appearance
property of mineral used to describe the shapes that make up…
a substance that cannot be broken down into any other substan…
acid test
mineral identification test used to see if a mineral sample c…
color
property of mineral used to describe physical appearance
14 terms
Minerals
name the 6 mineral properties
Non Metallic
Mineral
Talc
Mineral that is dull or glassy
Non living solid that has a definite chemical makeup
Softest mineral can be used for powder
name the 6 mineral properties
Non Metallic
Mineral that is dull or glassy
15 terms
Minerals
Atom:
Compounds:
Crust:
Elements:
The smallest part of an element
Substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically…
Thin solid outer layer of the Earth
Substance made up of only one kind of atom.
Atom:
The smallest part of an element
Compounds:
Substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically…
29 terms
minerals information
copper
iron
chlorine
sulfur
Cu
Fe
Cl
S
copper
Cu
iron
Fe
10 terms
Minerals
break
cubic
hard
heavy
to smash or split
having the shape of a cube
solid; not soft
to weigh a lot
break
to smash or split
cubic
having the shape of a cube
26 terms
Minerals
Sulfur
Magnetite
Gypsum
Quartz
Sulfur
Magnetite
22 terms
Minerals
Mineral
crystal
inorganic
chemical composition
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal stru…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a certain pattern…
A substance that does not contain matter that was once alive
The way elements are arranged in a substance. (Ingredients)
Mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal stru…
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a certain pattern…
20 terms
Minerals
Mineral
crystal
inorganic
compound
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal stru…
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a certain pattern…
A substance that does not contain matter that was once alive
Two or more elements combined so that the elements no longer…
Mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal stru…
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a certain pattern…
29 terms
Minerals
mineral
inorganic
organic
characteristic
a solid material naturally found on the earth (a rock)
did not come from a living thing
came from a living thing
a word that describes something
mineral
a solid material naturally found on the earth (a rock)
inorganic
did not come from a living thing
15 terms
Minerals
cleavage
fracture
Moh's Hardness Scale
Talc
when a mineral splits or breaks easily along flat surfaces
when a mineral splits or breaks with jagged edges - like glas…
A scale ranking minerals from softest to hardest
softest mineral (can be scratched with a fingernail)
cleavage
when a mineral splits or breaks easily along flat surfaces
fracture
when a mineral splits or breaks with jagged edges - like glas…
12 terms
Minerals
Mineral
Streak Color
Luster
Cleavage
formed by nature but not by living things. Has a specific cry…
color of a mineral in powder form.
how a mineral reflects light. How shiny it is.
when a mineral has a smooth break.
Mineral
formed by nature but not by living things. Has a specific cry…
Streak Color
color of a mineral in powder form.
14 terms
Minerals
mineral
inorganic
streak
luster
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal st…
Not formed from once living things or the remains of once liv…
The color of a minerals powder.
A way a mineral reflects light from its surface.
mineral
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid that has a crystal st…
inorganic
Not formed from once living things or the remains of once liv…
10 terms
Minerals
mineral
luster
streak
hardness
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a specific chemi…
The way the surface of a mineral reflects light; either metal…
The color of a mineral in powdered form
A measure of scratch resistance of various minerals; when the…
mineral
A naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a specific chemi…
luster
The way the surface of a mineral reflects light; either metal…
16 terms
Minerals
Minerals
Silicates
Carbonates
Oxides
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid substance with a defi…
Most abundant group of minerals. Contain oxygen and silica. E…
Mineral - contains carbon and oxygen. Example: calcite and do…
Mineral - composed of oxygen and metal. Examples: hematite an…
Minerals
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid substance with a defi…
Silicates
Most abundant group of minerals. Contain oxygen and silica. E…
20 terms
Minerals
2.5
3.5
5.5
6.5
Fingernail Hardness
Penny Hardness
Glass Hardness
Iron Nail Hardness
2.5
Fingernail Hardness
3.5
Penny Hardness
6 terms
Minerals
mineral
crystal
streak
luster
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
The color of a mineral's powder.
The way a mineral reflects light.
mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
A solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
9 terms
Minerals
talc
gypsum
calcite
fluorite
crumbles easily, hardness of 1: can be scratched with fingern…
hardness of 2; can be scratched with fingernail
hardness of 3; can be scratched with a copper penny
hardness of 4; can be scratched with a nail
talc
crumbles easily, hardness of 1: can be scratched with fingern…
gypsum
hardness of 2; can be scratched with fingernail
8 terms
Minerals
Mineral
Luster
Hardness
Cleavage
A naturally occurring, organic solid that has a definite chem…
The way in which a mineral reflects light. (metallic or non-m…
The ability of a mineral to resist being scratched.
When a mineral breaks in flat surfaces.
Mineral
A naturally occurring, organic solid that has a definite chem…
Luster
The way in which a mineral reflects light. (metallic or non-m…
10 terms
Minerals
5 Major Characteristics
Color
Luster
Hardness
Naturally occurring, inorganic, found as a solid, definite ch…
Physical property, easiest to recognize, not very reliable (h…
The way a mineral reflects light.... Metallic - shines like meta…
A mineral's ability to scratch or be scratched
5 Major Characteristics
Naturally occurring, inorganic, found as a solid, definite ch…
Color
Physical property, easiest to recognize, not very reliable (h…
21 terms
Minerals
mineral
chemical composition
inorganic
naturally occuring
naturally occurring, inorganic solid with crystal structure a…
a mineral always contains a element or multiple elements call…
does not come from materials that were once living
not man made
mineral
naturally occurring, inorganic solid with crystal structure a…
chemical composition
a mineral always contains a element or multiple elements call…
21 terms
Minerals
Calcite
Quartz
Pyrite
Mica
Has a rhombus shape (cleaves at 120 and 60 degree angles), an…
A mineral found in sand, it is used for making glass as well…
Mineral known as "Fool's Gold." It has a metallic luster like…
Mineral that cleaves on 1 plane and is used in some makeup
Calcite
Has a rhombus shape (cleaves at 120 and 60 degree angles), an…
Quartz
A mineral found in sand, it is used for making glass as well…
16 terms
Minerals
Talc
Silicate
Pyrite
Hematite
a very soft mineral Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 that is a basic silicate o…
a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen, e…
a shiny yellow mineral consisting of iron disulfide and typic…
a reddish-black mineral consisting of ferric oxide. It is an…
Talc
a very soft mineral Mg3Si4O10(OH)2 that is a basic silicate o…
Silicate
a salt in which the anion contains both silicon and oxygen, e…
13 terms
Minerals
Minerals
Five Characteristics of Minerals
Physical Properties of Minerals
Color
NATURALLY Occurring INORGANIC SOLIDS with CHEMICAL and PHYSIC…
Naturally occurring; Inorganic; Solid; Crystal Structure; Def…
Color; Luster; Streak; Hardness; Specific Gravity/Density; Cl…
the LEAST useful physical property of minerals
Minerals
NATURALLY Occurring INORGANIC SOLIDS with CHEMICAL and PHYSIC…
Five Characteristics of Minerals
Naturally occurring; Inorganic; Solid; Crystal Structure; Def…
21 terms
Minerals
5 Characteristics of all Minerals
Inorganic
Definite Chemical Composition
Mineral Properties
1. Natural... 2. Inorganic... 3. Solid... 4. Crystal Structure... 5. Defi…
Not made from living things
Made of the same thing through and through
Ways that we can tell minerals apart from one another
5 Characteristics of all Minerals
1. Natural... 2. Inorganic... 3. Solid... 4. Crystal Structure... 5. Defi…
Inorganic
Not made from living things
19 terms
Minerals
Characteristics of Minerals
Color
Streak
Luster
formed in nature... solid ... crystal structure ... definite chemical…
least reliable way to identify a mineral, because many minera…
Property of Mineral- mineral is scraped on a tile to see what…
Property of Mineral-How does it reflect light? Is it shiny?
Characteristics of Minerals
formed in nature... solid ... crystal structure ... definite chemical…
Color
least reliable way to identify a mineral, because many minera…
23 terms
Minerals
Biotite
Calcite
Halite
Hematite
A form of Mica (Black) hint: not Muscovite
Reacts to hydochloric acid (cold dilute HCl)
Taste Like Salt with a formula NaCl
Reddish streak with a hardness that can vary between 1 to 6
Biotite
A form of Mica (Black) hint: not Muscovite
Calcite
Reacts to hydochloric acid (cold dilute HCl)
18 terms
Minerals
What are the 5 characteristics for som…
Calcite
Quartz
Pyrite
1. Solid... 2. Inorganic ... 3. Forms naturally... 4. Definite chemica…
Looks almost like fluorite and can be any color, but it's a l…
A mineral found in sand, it is used for making glass as well…
Mineral known as, "fools gold" It has a very different densit…
What are the 5 characteristics for som…
1. Solid... 2. Inorganic ... 3. Forms naturally... 4. Definite chemica…
Calcite
Looks almost like fluorite and can be any color, but it's a l…
Minerals
minerals
crystal
streak
hardness
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
The color of a minerals powder
A measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
minerals
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
crystal
a substance in which the particles are arranged in an orderly…
29 terms
Minerals
Sulfur
Magnetite
Gypsum
Quartz
Sulfur
Magnetite
10 terms
Minerals
Feldspar
Mica
Hornblende
Quartz
Pink, white or gray; cube like cleavage, 6-6.5 hardness, dull…
Dark brown; flat cleavage; 2.5-3.0 hardness, vitreous to pear…
Black, imperfect cleavage; 5-6 hardness; vitreous to dull lus…
Colorless; 6 sided cleavage; 7 hardness; vitreous luster; whi…
Feldspar
Pink, white or gray; cube like cleavage, 6-6.5 hardness, dull…
Mica
Dark brown; flat cleavage; 2.5-3.0 hardness, vitreous to pear…
36 terms
Minerals
mineral
streak
Mohs hardness scale
cleavage
found in nature, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and…
the color of a mineral in powdered form
scale ranking 10 minerals from softest to hardest; used in te…
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
mineral
found in nature, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and…
streak
the color of a mineral in powdered form
28 terms
Minerals
mineral
streak
Mohs hardness scale
cleavage
found in nature, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and…
the color of a mineral in powdered form
scale ranking 10 minerals from softest to hardest; used in te…
the tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces
mineral
found in nature, inorganic solid with a crystal structure and…
streak
the color of a mineral in powdered form
13 terms
Minerals
Luster
Streak
Color
Hardness
How light reflects of a surface
Color of an mineral when broken to a powder
The wave length of light reflected of an object
How easily something can be scratched
Luster
How light reflects of a surface
Streak
Color of an mineral when broken to a powder
25 terms
Minerals
4000
salt, sulphur, lignite
lignite
oil and natural gas
There are nearly __________ different minerals found on Earth.
Minerals mined in Louisiana are:
A soft brownish ________ showing traces of plant structure, i…
Two minerals that are drilled for in Louisiana.
4000
There are nearly __________ different minerals found on Earth.
salt, sulphur, lignite
Minerals mined in Louisiana are:
21 terms
minerals
graphite
galena
magnetite
pyrite
graphite
galena
14 terms
Minerals
Mineral
Crystal
Crystalline Structure
Gem
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.... A nutrient…
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
Atoms must be arranged in an organized, repetitive manner.
Rare and beautiful
Mineral
A solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.... A nutrient…
Crystal
a solid in which the atoms are arranged in a pattern that rep…
23 terms
Minerals
Amphibole
Biotite
Calcite
Chlorite
Amphibole
Biotite
13 terms
Minerals
inorganic
crystal
mineral
fracture
Materials not a part of living things
pattern of a mineral's particles that forms solids
a naturally occurring solid that can form by inorganic proces…
how a mineral looks when it breaks apart in an irregular way
inorganic
Materials not a part of living things
crystal
pattern of a mineral's particles that forms solids
3 terms
Minerals
talc
calcite
corundum (ruby)
Absent cleavage; dull to pearly luster, greasy feel
Excellent cleavage; reacts with acid, mostly clear, rhombehed…
Poor cleavage; Hexagonal prisms
talc
Absent cleavage; dull to pearly luster, greasy feel
calcite
Excellent cleavage; reacts with acid, mostly clear, rhombehed…
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