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Study sets matching "mitosis biology 2"

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Study sets matching "mitosis biology 2"

17 terms
Biology 5.2- Mitosis
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatin
Chromatid
one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
a portion of the cell nucleus made up of DNA and proteins; it…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
Chromosome
one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA…
Histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
24 terms
Biology 2 (Mitosis)
Mitosis
Binary Fission
Somatic Cells
Gametes
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
the division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
all body cells except the reproductive cells
Reproductive Cells
Mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Binary Fission
the division of a prokaryotic cell into two offspring cells
14 terms
Biology 2: Mitosis
mitosis
chromatin
chromosome
chromatid
the process of cell division, including division of the nucle…
unraveled, threadlike chromosomes
structure within the nucleus
half of a duplicated chromosome
mitosis
the process of cell division, including division of the nucle…
chromatin
unraveled, threadlike chromosomes
Introduction to Mitosis ( Biology 2)
metaphase
anaphase
prophase
spindle fibers
What phase is shown here?
What phase is shown here?
What phase is this now that the DNA has started to condense?
what are the thin hair like fibers surrounding the sister chr…
metaphase
What phase is shown here?
anaphase
What phase is shown here?
25 terms
IB Biology 2.5 Mitosis
G1, S, G2 and M
Prophase
Spindle fibers
Tumors
The cell cycle involves these 4 stages
DNA condenses to become visible as chromosomes (each existing…
Microtubules that move chromosomes during cell division by at…
These are caused by uncontrolled cell division
G1, S, G2 and M
The cell cycle involves these 4 stages
Prophase
DNA condenses to become visible as chromosomes (each existing…
17 terms
Biology - Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Chromatids attach to spindle fibers; chromosomes line in *m…
Chromatids separate, begin to move to opposite ends, pulled…
Interphase
Chromosomes copied, appear as threadlike coils at the sta…
Prophase
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
20 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Cytokinesis (5.2)
Chromosome
Histone
Chromatin
Chromatid
A long continuous thread of of the DNA that consists of numer…
A group of proteins.
The loose combination of DNA and proteins.
One half of a duplicated chromosome.
Chromosome
A long continuous thread of of the DNA that consists of numer…
Histone
A group of proteins.
10 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
-Paired homologous chromosomes line up along the metaphase pl…
-Each pair of homologous chromosomes separates and are pulled…
Interphase
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
Prophase 1
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
13 terms
Biology 5.2 Mitosis and Cytokinesis
chromosome
histones
chromatin
chromatid
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
group of proteins.
the loose combinations of DNA and proteins.
one half of the duplicated chromosome.
chromosome
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
histones
group of proteins.
10 terms
Biology: Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
-Paired homologous chromosomes line up along the metaphase pl…
-Each pair of homologous chromosomes separates and are pulled…
Interphase
-Parent cell begins with a full set of chromosomes... -Duplicate…
Prophase 1
-Nuclear membrane begins to dissolve... -Homologous chromosomes…
9 terms
Biology 6.2- Mitosis
Before Cell Division takes place, the…
Mitosis is divided into 4 parts
Prophase
Metaphase
Interphase
Prophase - Metaphase - Anaphase - Telophase
the nuclear membrane breaks apart. ... Chromosomes appear... Centri…
Chromosomes line up in middle... Spindle fibers attach from cent…
Before Cell Division takes place, the…
Interphase
Mitosis is divided into 4 parts
Prophase - Metaphase - Anaphase - Telophase
9 terms
Biology 2: Mitosis and Meiosis
Diploid
Mitosis
Cell division
Large
Normal human body cells have 46 chromosomes this means these…
When new cells are made they're copied in an exact process ca…
Mitosis is a type of ____ _______ used for growth, repair and…
Constant cell division ensures that cells never become too __…
Diploid
Normal human body cells have 46 chromosomes this means these…
Mitosis
When new cells are made they're copied in an exact process ca…
35 terms
Biology 10.2 Mitosis
Chromosomes
Prokaryotic
Chromatin
Histone
Cells carry genetic information in packages of DNA called____…
Most_______ have only one circular strand of DNA
In eukaryotic cells, the genetic structure consists of DNA an…
The beadlike structures formed by DNA wrapped around ____mole…
Chromosomes
Cells carry genetic information in packages of DNA called____…
Prokaryotic
Most_______ have only one circular strand of DNA
21 terms
Biology 2 Mitosis and Meiosis
diploid
haploid
meiosis
tetrad
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
a cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and the…
the number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half through sep…
structure containing 4 chromatids that forms during meiosis
diploid
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
haploid
a cell that contains only a single set of chromosomes and the…
15 terms
Biology U2 Mitosis
Nuclear division can take place by wha…
Describe the products of mitosis
Describe the products of meiosis
Mitosis results in each of the daughte…
Mitosis... Meiosis
2 daughter nuclei with the same number of chromosomes as the…
4 daughter nuclei with half the chromosomes of the parent cell
A mutation
Nuclear division can take place by wha…
Mitosis... Meiosis
Describe the products of mitosis
2 daughter nuclei with the same number of chromosomes as the…
10 terms
Biology List 12 - Mitosis 2
interphase
S1
prophase
metaphase
the portion of the cell cycle during which the cell is not in…
the portion of interphase where the genetic material is copied
chromosomes condense, nucleur membrane disappears, spindle fi…
chromosomes line up in the center of the cell
interphase
the portion of the cell cycle during which the cell is not in…
S1
the portion of interphase where the genetic material is copied
10 terms
Biology Pt. 2 Mitosis
G1 Phase
G0 Phase
S Phase
G2 Phase
Cells gain energy and undergo metabolic processes and doubles…
Cells carry out normal functions, doesn't change internal str…
Chromosomes replicate in nucleus, each strand of the replicat…
Secondary stage of growth, metabolism and energy. Synthesises…
G1 Phase
Cells gain energy and undergo metabolic processes and doubles…
G0 Phase
Cells carry out normal functions, doesn't change internal str…
20 terms
Biology Test (Mitosis) 2
centromere
16
10
prophase
The ____ is a region in which chromatids remain attached to o…
Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote), a series of 4 cell d…
If there are 20 chromatids in a cell, how many centromeres ar…
At which phase are centrioles beginning to move apart in anim…
centromere
The ____ is a region in which chromatids remain attached to o…
16
Starting with a fertilized egg (zygote), a series of 4 cell d…
31 terms
Biology 2 Mitosis & Meiosis
Independent assortment of chromosomes…
The centromere is a region in which
What is a cleavage furrow?
If the cell whose nuclear material is…
the random and independent way in which each pair of homologo…
chromatids remain attached to one another until anaphase
a groove in the plasma membrane between daughter nuclei
formation of telophase nuclei
Independent assortment of chromosomes…
the random and independent way in which each pair of homologo…
The centromere is a region in which
chromatids remain attached to one another until anaphase
5 terms
Biology 2.4 - Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Stage 1 - The cell is preparing for mitosis. Chromosomes are…
Stage 2 - The DNA condenses and coils into chromosomes. They…
Stage 3 - Chromosomes line up randomly at the cell equator. A…
Stage 4 - Chromatids of each chromosome get torn apart by the…
Interphase
Stage 1 - The cell is preparing for mitosis. Chromosomes are…
Prophase
Stage 2 - The DNA condenses and coils into chromosomes. They…
15 terms
Biology mitosis level 2
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cells nucleus an…
First stage of mitosis where nuclear membrane dissolves and c…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
Chromatids or pulled apart and begin migration to poles
Mitosis
The stage of the cell cycle during which the cells nucleus an…
Prophase
First stage of mitosis where nuclear membrane dissolves and c…
10 terms
Cell mitosis (biology 2)
Daughter cell
Cell
Nuclear membrane
Metaphase
An exact copy of the parent cell, only smaller
Basic unit of all living things
Surrounds the nucleus to hold genetic material of the cell, a…
Chromosomes line up on the equator of the cell and attach to…
Daughter cell
An exact copy of the parent cell, only smaller
Cell
Basic unit of all living things
11 terms
Biology 5.2 Mitosis
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
nuclear membrane and nucleolus break down and disappear
chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell
chromosomes separate into two chromatids and are pulled to op…
begins when chromatids reach opposite poles
prophase
nuclear membrane and nucleolus break down and disappear
metaphase
chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell
12 terms
BIOLOGY 10-2 (Mitosis)
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromatid
Centromeres
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division (second stage)
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
Cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division (second stage)
22 terms
Biology Unit 2: Mitosis
Gametes are created through...
When a male and female gamete fuse, th…
In which phase of the cell cycle do th…
In which phase of the cell cycle do th…
Meiosis
Zygote
Prophase
Metaphase
Gametes are created through...
Meiosis
When a male and female gamete fuse, th…
Zygote
11 terms
Biology 2.7 - Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
How does Mitosis work?
What's the purpose of mitosis?
Diploid cells
When a cell divides into two genetically similar copies of it…
A diploid cell aligns its nucleus at its center and starts to…
To grow and/or to repair damaged cells.
Cells that have 2 pairs of chromosomes in their DNA.
Mitosis
When a cell divides into two genetically similar copies of it…
How does Mitosis work?
A diploid cell aligns its nucleus at its center and starts to…
12 terms
Biology Set 2 Mitosis
Centrioles in Mitosis
Nuclear envelope/membrane in Mitosis
Spindles
Chromosomes
Helps the formation of spindle fibers.
Disassembles each time each cell divides.
Creates a protein and equally divides the daughter cells.
Made up of DNA and they copy themselves before cell division.
Centrioles in Mitosis
Helps the formation of spindle fibers.
Nuclear envelope/membrane in Mitosis
Disassembles each time each cell divides.
14 terms
biology mitosis 5.2
what are monomers?
chromosome
Histones
what are the ends of chromatid?
Nucleotides
one long continuos thread of DNA that consists of numerous ge…
During Mitosis DNA wraps around HISTONES that help organize a…
telomeres
what are monomers?
Nucleotides
chromosome
one long continuos thread of DNA that consists of numerous ge…
53 terms
Biology Unit 2 Mitosis
Nucleosome (Chromosome structure)
Chromatin (Chromosome structure)
Mitotic chromosome (Chromosome structu…
Interphase chromosome (Chromosome stru…
Strands of DNA wrapped around a protein histones to condense…
Composed of loosely packed DNA- protein complexes (like a clu…
DNA being copied, divided
Whole DNA, pre division
Nucleosome (Chromosome structure)
Strands of DNA wrapped around a protein histones to condense…
Chromatin (Chromosome structure)
Composed of loosely packed DNA- protein complexes (like a clu…
10 terms
Biology 2: Mitosis
4 phases of mitosis
Longest phase of cell life?
What is genetic material called?
Interphase
Prophase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase + Cytokinesis
Interphase
Chromatin
Medium size... Intact membrane... Genetic material visible ... Nucleol…
4 phases of mitosis
Prophase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase + Cytokinesis
Longest phase of cell life?
Interphase
8 terms
Cell biology 2- Mitosis
Why is cell division essential?
What does the parent cell divide to pr…
Why must daughter cells be exactly the…
What happens if cell division is uncon…
To multiply and repair damage parts
Two daughter cells
So all cells are identical and do the same job
A tumour can form
Why is cell division essential?
To multiply and repair damage parts
What does the parent cell divide to pr…
Two daughter cells
14 terms
biology 2 mitosis
what are the five phases of mitosis?
during what phase of mitosis do chromo…
during what phase do chromatids separa…
during what phase are chromosomes alig…
prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
prophase
anaphase
metaphase
what are the five phases of mitosis?
prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
during what phase of mitosis do chromo…
prophase
9 terms
Biology 2 - Mitosis
What is mitosis ?
What does mitosis make ?
Why does mitosis make new cells ?
What do body cells normally have ?
Asexual cell division where two identical cells are formed.
New cells
For growth and repair
Normally have two copies of each chromosome - 1 from the orga…
What is mitosis ?
Asexual cell division where two identical cells are formed.
What does mitosis make ?
New cells
11 terms
Biology- mitosis 2
What are the 4 phases of mitosis?
What three things happen during propha…
Condensation of the chromosomes
Formation of the Spindle apparatus
prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase
condensation of the chromosomes, formation of the spindle app…
the chromosomes shorten and wrap around histones and the nucl…
a football shaped array of microtubules- (kinetochore and pol…
What are the 4 phases of mitosis?
prophase, anaphase, metaphase, telophase
What three things happen during propha…
condensation of the chromosomes, formation of the spindle app…
14 terms
Biology Section 6.2 Mitosis
Chromosomes
Humans= 46 chromosomes per somatic cell
How many feet of DNA is in one cell?
DNA
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
...
10 feet
double helix, genetic material, each double stranded molecule…
Chromosomes
one long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous g…
Humans= 46 chromosomes per somatic cell
...
12 terms
Biology (Mitosis) P2
Why do cells divide?
What has to be copied?
The cell splits into what?
What are the steps for MITOSIS?
pro- reproduction ... (asexual reproduction)... euk-for growth, rep…
everything (DNA, organelles, cell membrane)
2 daughter cells
Interphase... Prophase... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase... Cytokinesis
Why do cells divide?
pro- reproduction ... (asexual reproduction)... euk-for growth, rep…
What has to be copied?
everything (DNA, organelles, cell membrane)
12 terms
Biology - Mitosis
mitosis
main event of mitosis
Number of chromosomes in a human cell
The first step of mitosos
simple cell division; one parent call divides into two identi…
sister chromatids separate and provide identical copies of DN…
46
A cell makes more organelles, like ribosomes, endoplasmic ret…
mitosis
simple cell division; one parent call divides into two identi…
main event of mitosis
sister chromatids separate and provide identical copies of DN…
8 terms
biology exam 2 mitosis
order of mitosis?
interphase
prophase
prometaphase
interphase, propohase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, tel…
chromsomes duplicate, copies remain attached to each other
in nucleus chromosomes condense and become visible.... in cytopl…
nuclear membrane breaks apart, and spindle starts to interact…
order of mitosis?
interphase, propohase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, tel…
interphase
chromsomes duplicate, copies remain attached to each other
19 terms
Mitosis Quiz 2 (biology)
What is the first phase?
What is the second phase?
Third phase?
Fourth phase?
prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
What is the first phase?
prophase
What is the second phase?
Metaphase
35 terms
Accellerated Biology: Mitosis Term 2
chromosome
chromatin
What are the 2 main phases of the cell…
What are 3 sub phases/phases make up i…
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
Uncoiled DNA
interphase and M Phase
G1- the cell grows... S Phase- cell grows and replicates DNA... G2-…
chromosome
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
chromatin
Uncoiled DNA
35 terms
Accelerated Biology: Mitosis Term 2
chromosome
chromatin
What are the 2 main phases of the cell…
What are 3 sub phases/phases make up i…
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
Uncoiled DNA
interphase and M Phase
G1- the cell grows... S Phase- cell grows and replicates DNA... G2-…
chromosome
A coiled structure in the nucleus that contains hereditary ma…
chromatin
Uncoiled DNA
45 terms
Biology Unit 6.2 (mitosis)
DNA "overload"... Echange materials
What has to happen prior to cell divis…
The copying of genetic information
Genetic information is carreid by what?
Reasons the cell stays small
Replication of DNA
Replication
Chromosomes
DNA "overload"... Echange materials
Reasons the cell stays small
What has to happen prior to cell divis…
Replication of DNA
17 terms
Biology: Section 2: Mitosis & Meiosis
interphase
prophase
mitotic spindle
metaphase
-chromosomes are relaxed ... -nuclear envelope is intact... -spindl…
chromosomes condense in "X"
forms structures made of microtubules that guides separation…
spindle fibers attach to the centromeres of the chromosomes…
interphase
-chromosomes are relaxed ... -nuclear envelope is intact... -spindl…
prophase
chromosomes condense in "X"
74 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
27 terms
PAP Biology: (10-2) MITOSIS
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Chromosomes
Autosome
- division of the cell nucleus.... - classified as asexual.
- division of cytoplasm into both types of cells. ... - each da…
- carries genetic information that is passed from one generat…
- chromosome that is non-sexual; not sexually classified.
Mitosis
- division of the cell nucleus.... - classified as asexual.
Cytokinesis
- division of cytoplasm into both types of cells. ... - each da…
13 terms
Edexcel IGCSE Biology (2) Mitosis
Interphase
S phase
Prophase (early)
Prophase (late)
In this phase, the cell performs it's normal actions.
The DNA is doubled, from 23 to 46 chromosomes.
The chromatin condenses. The centrioles sit on opposite ends…
The centrioles form mitotic spindles.
Interphase
In this phase, the cell performs it's normal actions.
S phase
The DNA is doubled, from 23 to 46 chromosomes.
9 terms
Biology 5.2 Chromosomes and Mitosis
anaphase
centromere
chromatids
chromosome
third phases of mitosis
the attachment point between sister chromatids
the two identical copies of a chromosome
coiled DNA and its associated proteins
anaphase
third phases of mitosis
centromere
the attachment point between sister chromatids
8 terms
Biology Mitosis 1 and Meiosis 2
Prophase 1
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
Telophase/Cytokinesis 1
Homologous chromosomes pair up form tetrad
Spindle fibers move homologous chromosomes to opposite sides
Nuclear membrane reforms, cytoplasm divides 4 daughter cells…
Chromosome lines up along equator, not in homologous pairs
Prophase 1
Homologous chromosomes pair up form tetrad
Metaphase 1
Spindle fibers move homologous chromosomes to opposite sides
25 terms
Biology-EOC Review #2-Meiosis vs.Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
T or F: the offspring formed in sexual…
Mitosis
the production of genetically identical offspring form a sing…
offspring that are produced from a fusion of two separate par…
false (asexual is genetically identical while sexual is a mix…
process where 2 daughter cells are made that are identical to…
Asexual Reproduction
the production of genetically identical offspring form a sing…
Sexual Reproduction
offspring that are produced from a fusion of two separate par…
15 terms
Biology - Mitosis / Mitosis
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
Volume increases much faster than...
With higher volume but smaller surface…
If a cell become large than what happens
effectively exchange food and waste
Surface area
get all the food and materials that it needs to function
the information stored inside DNA will not be able to meet la…
Cells need to have large enough surfac…
effectively exchange food and waste
Volume increases much faster than...
Surface area
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