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Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis biology mitosis meiosis"

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Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis biology mitosis meiosis"

74 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
48 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Meiosis
Interphase
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
daughter cells that are identical to t…
In order for sexual reproduction to occur, an organism needs…
The first three phases of the cell cycle are collectively kno…
Which of the following is the correct order of the phases of…
Mitosis and meiosis are processes involved in cellular reprod…
Meiosis
In order for sexual reproduction to occur, an organism needs…
Interphase
The first three phases of the cell cycle are collectively kno…
43 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
43 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
During what phase does the division (c…
Is the parent cell of mitosis haploid…
anaphase
telophase
telophase
diploid
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
anaphase
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
telophase
24 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis
Chromosomes
fertilization
genes
46
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
parts of DNA attached to chromosomes that carry our hereditar…
Diploid number for the human chromosomes... How many chromosomes…
Chromosomes
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
54 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
52 terms
AP Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
two
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
-packages in a cell which contain DNA molecules... -humans have…
-makes up chromosomes... -complex of DNA and protein
two
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
genome
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
55 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Meiosis
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
30 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Produces genetically DIFFERENT offspring which inherit geneti…
Three reasons for Mitosis
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
23 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
What attached the 2 sister chromatids?
_______________________ are held toget…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
Chromosome
The Centromere
Sister Chromatids
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
Chromosome
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
44 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
mitosis
interphase
centromere
chromosome
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called his…
mitosis
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
38 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
somatic cells
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
all the cells in the body except the sex cells; the cells tha…
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis are part of the ____________
the longest part of the cell cycle when the cell grows and de…
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides
somatic cells
all the cells in the body except the sex cells; the cells tha…
cell cycle
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis are part of the ____________
25 terms
Meiosis & Mitosis
Prophase I
Prophase II
Metaphase I
Metaphase II
Prophase I
Prophase II
22 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
mitosis
52 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
33 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Cell Division
G1
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is dividing; made of…
the first phase of interphase when the cell is growing and do…
Cell Cycle
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
Interphase
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
46 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
During what phase does the division (c…
Is the parent cell of mitosis haploid…
anaphase
telophase
telophase
diploid
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
anaphase
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
telophase
15 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
zygote
fertilization
cell specialization
stem cell
the first diploid cell in a new organism
the union of sperm with an egg
the process of becoming differentiated
cells that do not have a job
zygote
the first diploid cell in a new organism
fertilization
the union of sperm with an egg
30 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction
Parent cell
Daughter cells
offspring genetically identical to single parent
offspring genetic combination of 2 parents
cell that is dividing
2 new cells that result from ordinary cell division (mitosis)
Asexual reproduction
offspring genetically identical to single parent
Sexual reproduction
offspring genetic combination of 2 parents
20 terms
AP Biology mitosis and meiosis
Meiosis
Somatic Cells
Prophase I
Kinetechores
Produces unique haploid gamete cells
Identical cells produced during Mitosis
The stage in which chromosomes Cross over
Responsible for moving spindle fibers
Meiosis
Produces unique haploid gamete cells
Somatic Cells
Identical cells produced during Mitosis
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
12 terms
AP Biology; Meiosis and Mitosis
Prophase One
Metaphase One
Anaphase One
Telophase and Cytokinesis One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
* Breakdown of proteins allow chromosomes to separate ... * The…
* Completion of the duplication of chromosomes. Cytokinesis i…
Prophase One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
Metaphase One
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
53 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Chromosome
Chromatin
Centromere
Chromatid
Coiled up DNA
Uncoiled DNA. Present in interphase
Centre of chromosome. Joins it to spindle fibre.
One half of a replicated chromosome
Chromosome
Coiled up DNA
Chromatin
Uncoiled DNA. Present in interphase
30 terms
BIOLOGY Mitosis and Meiosis Test
Mitosis
Organelles in a Cell Undergoing Mitosis
Chromatin
Chromatids
substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
one of the two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chrom…
Mitosis
Organelles in a Cell Undergoing Mitosis
19 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
haploid
diploid
gamete
somatic cell
Cell that has only one copy of each chromosome.
Cell that has two copies of each chromosome.
sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell.
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs; expect…
haploid
Cell that has only one copy of each chromosome.
diploid
Cell that has two copies of each chromosome.
22 terms
Biology-Meiosis vs. Mitosis
The letter N
Somatic (body) cells
Diploid (2N) cells in a human
Gametes-Have ___ set of chromosomes
Represents one set of chromosomes
Diploid cells-have 2 sets of chromosomes; one set from each p…
46 diploid cells in humans
Gametes have 1 set of chromosomes
The letter N
Represents one set of chromosomes
Somatic (body) cells
Diploid cells-have 2 sets of chromosomes; one set from each p…
42 terms
AP Biology; Meiosis and Mitosis
Prophase One
Metaphase One
Anaphase One
Telophase and Cytokinesis One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
* Breakdown of proteins allow chromosomes to separate ... * The…
* Completion of the duplication of chromosomes. Cytokinesis i…
Prophase One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
Metaphase One
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
62 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Metaphase
Interphase
Prophase
47 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Cell Division
G1
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is dividing; made of…
the first phase of interphase when the cell is growing and do…
Cell Cycle
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
Interphase
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
20 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
meiosis
interphase
prophase
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
Period of growth and development. Chromosomes duplicate.
chromatids pair up into chromosomes. spindle fibers and centr…
Mitosis
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
meiosis
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
15 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
haploid cells
gametes
diploid cells
zygote
cells (gametes) that contain only half the amount of chromoso…
sex cells
cells containing two sets of chromosomes, one inherited from…
a fertilized egg
haploid cells
cells (gametes) that contain only half the amount of chromoso…
gametes
sex cells
18 terms
Mitosis and meiosis
Interphase
Chromosome structure
Prophase
Metaphase
Subdivided in to Gap phase 1 (protein synthesis and new organ…
Two sister chromatids (made when DNA replicated) connected by…
Chromosomes condense, nuclear membrane breaks down
Spindle fibres attach to centromere and chromosomes line up a…
Interphase
Subdivided in to Gap phase 1 (protein synthesis and new organ…
Chromosome structure
Two sister chromatids (made when DNA replicated) connected by…
35 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Gonad
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
an organ in a multicellular organism which is able to produce…
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
2nd stage of interphase, where the cells' nuclear DNA is repl…
production of eggs, development of ova
Gonad
an organ in a multicellular organism which is able to produce…
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
22 terms
Meiosis & Mitosis
Prophase I
Prophase II
Metaphase I
Metaphase II
Prophase I
Prophase II
43 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Meiosis
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
35 terms
mitosis & meiosis
Haploid
Diploid
Down Syndrome
Patau Syndrome
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
having paired homologous chromosomes
Trisomy 21st chromosome
Trisomy 13th chromosome
Haploid
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
Diploid
having paired homologous chromosomes
28 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Chromosome
Chromatin
a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of…
a process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
condensed form of DNA
thin, uncondensed form of DNA
Mitosis
a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of…
Meiosis
a process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
26 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
anaphase
Mitosis
telophase
meiosis
Asexual cell division
The process that occurs in the formation of sex cells (gamete…
anaphase
Mitosis
Asexual cell division
33 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
Prophase
a period during which the cell grows, copies its DNA, and car…
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
The final stage of the cell cycle, in which the cell's cytopl…
Centrioles divide; nuclear membrane disappears; chromosomes c…
Interphase
a period during which the cell grows, copies its DNA, and car…
Mitosis
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
The creation of sex cells through division. A single cell wit…
Mitosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
Chromosomes
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
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