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Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis"

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Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis"

43 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
24 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis
Chromosomes
fertilization
genes
46
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
parts of DNA attached to chromosomes that carry our hereditar…
Diploid number for the human chromosomes... How many chromosomes…
Chromosomes
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
54 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
43 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
During what phase does the division (c…
Is the parent cell of mitosis haploid…
anaphase
telophase
telophase
diploid
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
anaphase
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
telophase
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
20 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
meiosis
interphase
prophase
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
Period of growth and development. Chromosomes duplicate.
chromatids pair up into chromosomes. spindle fibers and centr…
Mitosis
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
meiosis
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
The creation of sex cells through division. A single cell wit…
Mitosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
Chromosomes
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
55 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
23 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
What attached the 2 sister chromatids?
_______________________ are held toget…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
Chromosome
The Centromere
Sister Chromatids
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
Chromosome
30 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Produces genetically DIFFERENT offspring which inherit geneti…
Three reasons for Mitosis
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Meiosis
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Three types of Cell Division
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Produces genetically DIFFERENT offspring which inherit geneti…
1) Binary Fission... 2) Mitosis... 3) Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Asexual Reproduction
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
33 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Cell Division
G1
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is dividing; made of…
the first phase of interphase when the cell is growing and do…
Cell Cycle
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
Interphase
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
52 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
What are the five stages of mitosis?
Prophase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
PMAT... Prophase ... Metaphase... Anaphase... Telophase
The first stage of mitosis, in which the chromatin condenses…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a cell
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
22 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
mitosis
15 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
zygote
fertilization
cell specialization
stem cell
the first diploid cell in a new organism
the union of sperm with an egg
the process of becoming differentiated
cells that do not have a job
zygote
the first diploid cell in a new organism
fertilization
the union of sperm with an egg
34 terms
Mitosis/meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
diploid cell
haploid cell
A process of asexual reproduction in which the cell divides i…
A type of cellular reproduction in which the number of chromo…
A diploid cell is a cell that contains two sets of chromosome…
Haploid is the term used when a cell has only one set of chro…
Mitosis
A process of asexual reproduction in which the cell divides i…
Meiosis
A type of cellular reproduction in which the number of chromo…
12 terms
mitosis and meiosis
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
...
...
...
...
sexual reproduction
...
asexual reproduction
...
11 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows and replicates DNA
Nuclear membrane begins to break apart, chromosomes condense.
Chromosomes line up on equator, spindle fibers form and attac…
Chromosomes are seperated into chromatids pulled to opposite…
Interphase
Cell grows and replicates DNA
Prophase
Nuclear membrane begins to break apart, chromosomes condense.
43 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
35 terms
mitosis & meiosis
Haploid
Diploid
Down Syndrome
Patau Syndrome
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
having paired homologous chromosomes
Trisomy 21st chromosome
Trisomy 13th chromosome
Haploid
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
Diploid
having paired homologous chromosomes
22 terms
Meiosis & Mitosis
Prophase I
Prophase II
Metaphase I
Metaphase II
Prophase I
Prophase II
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
45 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
12 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
DNA
chromosomes
cell cycle
interphase
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that is present in all livi…
Made of chromatids held together by a centromere. Contains DNA.
The life cycle of a eukaryotic cell.
The period of the cell cycle where the cell is growing and pr…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A molecule that is present in all livi…
chromosomes
Made of chromatids held together by a centromere. Contains DNA.
12 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Arrange the following from smallest to…
How many copies of each chromosome do…
t/f Mitosis creates two identical daug…
What is the purpose of mitosis?
nucleotide, gene, chromosome, nucleus, cell, tissue, organ sy…
We have two copies, one from mom and one from dad.
True
To grow cells for organism to grow to adulthood, and/or to re…
Arrange the following from smallest to…
nucleotide, gene, chromosome, nucleus, cell, tissue, organ sy…
How many copies of each chromosome do…
We have two copies, one from mom and one from dad.
29 terms
Mitosis/meiosis
chromosomes
chromatid
binary fission
malignant
contain genetic material and are located in the nucleus of ce…
Each half of the chromosome
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to f…
Cancerous
chromosomes
contain genetic material and are located in the nucleus of ce…
chromatid
Each half of the chromosome
25 terms
Meiosis & Mitosis
Prophase I
Prophase II
Metaphase I
Metaphase II
Prophase I
Prophase II
116 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
prophase (mitosis)
metaphase (mitosis)
anaphase (mitosis)
telophase/cytokinesis (mitosis)
chromosomes condense and sister chromatids come together... cent…
chromosomes line up across the center of the cell... each centro…
centromeres connecting sister chromatids break down... sister ch…
chromosomes lose distinct shape ... nuclear envelope is reformed…
prophase (mitosis)
chromosomes condense and sister chromatids come together... cent…
metaphase (mitosis)
chromosomes line up across the center of the cell... each centro…
10 terms
Meiosis/Mitosis
meiosis... a type of cell division
maternal set... 23 chromosomes from our m…
diploid... 2 sets of chromosomes
haploid... 1 set of chromosomes
meiosis... a type of cell division
maternal set... 23 chromosomes from our m…
21 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
mitosis
mitosis
mitosis
mitosis
Chromosome number stays the same
Makes somatic (body) cells
Goes through cell division 1 time
mitosis
mitosis
Chromosome number stays the same
8 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Meiosis
Mitosis
Crossing Over
Gametes
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Homologous Chromosomes (matching chromosomes from mom and dad…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
20 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Anaphase
Centromere
Centriole
Chromatid
The stage that follows metaphase; duplicated chromosomes sepa…
The part of the chromosome where the chromatids are joined to…
A cytoplasmic organelle from where mitotic spindles originate.
One copy of a newly copied chromosome that is still attached…
Anaphase
The stage that follows metaphase; duplicated chromosomes sepa…
Centromere
The part of the chromosome where the chromatids are joined to…
9 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Meiosis
metaphase
Chromosome number stays the same... Makes diploid somatic cells…
Makes 4 daughter cells that are genetically different from pa…
middle
Mitosis
Chromosome number stays the same... Makes diploid somatic cells…
Meiosis
Makes 4 daughter cells that are genetically different from pa…
14 terms
Meiosis & Mitosis
Prophase I (meiosis)
Prophase II (meiosis)
Metaphase I (meiosis)
Metaphase II (meiosis)
Prophase I (meiosis)
Prophase II (meiosis)
25 terms
mitosis/meiosis
cytokinesis
gamete
haploid
homologous chromosomes
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Male and female sex cells that are haploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
gamete
Male and female sex cells that are haploid
14 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase S phase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase S phase
Chromosomes duplicate
10 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
Second phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes line up acro…
Chromosomes are pulled APART during this third phase of mitosis
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Prophase
First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
54 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
27 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
10 terms
mitosis/meiosis
cell cycle
mitosis
interphase
prophase
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
The stage of the cell cycle that takes place before cell divi…
First phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become visible an…
cell cycle
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Mitosis & Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Cytokinesis
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
The regular sequence of growth & division that cells undergo.
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Mitosis
A nuclear division resulting in the production of two somatic…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
30 terms
meiosis mitosis
mitosis
meiosis
chromosome
homologous
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
A single piece of coiled DNA and associated proteins found in…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
meiosis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
66 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
mitotic
meiotic
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Cell division occurs during this short phase, which generally…
Function: To produce sex cells with
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
44 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
mitosis
interphase
centromere
chromosome
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Bodies within the nucleus made in DNA and proteins called his…
mitosis
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms tw…
interphase
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
A process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell,…
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Longest phase of mitosis, cell grows
first true phase of mitosis, Chromosomes double and become vi…
Mitosis
A process that takes place in the nucleus of a dividing cell,…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
38 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
somatic cells
cell cycle
interphase
mitosis
all the cells in the body except the sex cells; the cells tha…
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis are part of the ____________
the longest part of the cell cycle when the cell grows and de…
the part of the cell cycle when the nucleus divides
somatic cells
all the cells in the body except the sex cells; the cells tha…
cell cycle
interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis are part of the ____________
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