Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis"

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Study sets matching "mitosis meiosis mitosis"

48 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Meiosis
Interphase
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
daughter cells that are identical to t…
In order for sexual reproduction to occur, an organism needs…
The first three phases of the cell cycle are collectively kno…
Which of the following is the correct order of the phases of…
Mitosis and meiosis are processes involved in cellular reprod…
Meiosis
In order for sexual reproduction to occur, an organism needs…
Interphase
The first three phases of the cell cycle are collectively kno…
Mitosis, Meiosis
Chromosomes
fertilization
genes
46
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
parts of DNA attached to chromosomes that carry our hereditar…
Diploid number for the human chromosomes... How many chromosomes…
Chromosomes
small strands of DNA that code for all the characteristics of…
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
66 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
mitotic
meiotic
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Cell division occurs during this short phase, which generally…
Function: To produce sex cells with
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
43 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Mitosis/Meiosis
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
During what phase does the division (c…
Is the parent cell of mitosis haploid…
anaphase
telophase
telophase
diploid
What phase of mitosis are The sister c…
anaphase
In what phase is a new nuclear membran…
telophase
54 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
20 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
meiosis
interphase
prophase
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
Period of growth and development. Chromosomes duplicate.
chromatids pair up into chromosomes. spindle fibers and centr…
Mitosis
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
meiosis
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
The creation of sex cells through division. A single cell wit…
Mitosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Dau…
Chromosomes
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Meiosis
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Cell Division
G1
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is dividing; made of…
the first phase of interphase when the cell is growing and do…
Cell Cycle
the steps a cell takes from one division to the next
Interphase
the part of the cell cycle when the cell is not dividing; mad…
22 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
Meiosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Hum…
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
The creation of sex cells through division. A single cell wit…
Mitosis
Division of body cells to replace dead and damaged cells. Hum…
Chromosomes
DNA condensed into a more manageable form. Consisting of two…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Three types of Cell Division
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Produces genetically DIFFERENT offspring which inherit geneti…
1) Binary Fission... 2) Mitosis... 3) Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Asexual Reproduction
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Cell division that makes new BODY cells.
Cell division that makes sex cells (sperm and egg)
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
1st phase of mitosis; ... Chromosomes become visible and nucleus…
Mitosis
Cell division that makes new BODY cells.
Meiosis
Cell division that makes sex cells (sperm and egg)
30 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Three reasons for Mitosis
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
Produces genetically IDENTICAL offspring from a SINGLE parent
Produces genetically DIFFERENT offspring which inherit geneti…
Three reasons for Mitosis
Growth, Maintenance and Repair
Two reasons why large cells struggle?…
1) Demand on DNA and nucleus is too large... 2) Moving materials…
Mitosis/Meiosis
zygote
fertilization
cell specialization
stem cell
the first diploid cell in a new organism
the union of sperm with an egg
the process of becoming differentiated
cells that do not have a job
zygote
the first diploid cell in a new organism
fertilization
the union of sperm with an egg
25 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
interphase
prophase
G1
Synthesis
phase before mitosis; growth of cell and preparation for divi…
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, nuclear envelope disapp…
growth and functioning
DNA replicates
interphase
phase before mitosis; growth of cell and preparation for divi…
prophase
chromatin condenses into chromosomes, nuclear envelope disapp…
22 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
mitosis
Chromosomes
sexual reproduction
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
A cellular structure carrying genetic material, found in the…
A type of reproduction in which two parents give rise to offs…
Mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
mitosis
12 terms
mitosis and meiosis
sexual reproduction
asexual reproduction
mitosis
meiosis
...
...
...
...
sexual reproduction
...
asexual reproduction
...
34 terms
Mitosis/meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
diploid cell
haploid cell
A process of asexual reproduction in which the cell divides i…
A type of cellular reproduction in which the number of chromo…
A diploid cell is a cell that contains two sets of chromosome…
Haploid is the term used when a cell has only one set of chro…
Mitosis
A process of asexual reproduction in which the cell divides i…
Meiosis
A type of cellular reproduction in which the number of chromo…
29 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
What attached the 2 sister chromatids?
_______________________ are held toget…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
Chromosome
The Centromere
Sister Chromatids
The major drawback of asexual reproduc…
produces less variation among offspring compared to sexual re…
In order to fit six feet of DNA into a…
Chromosome
27 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Sex Cells
Sperm
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Sperm and egg cells
The male sex cell
Cytokinesis
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
Interphase
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
11 terms
Mitosis Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Cell grows and replicates DNA
Nuclear membrane begins to break apart, chromosomes condense.
Chromosomes line up on equator, spindle fibers form and attac…
Chromosomes are seperated into chromatids pulled to opposite…
Interphase
Cell grows and replicates DNA
Prophase
Nuclear membrane begins to break apart, chromosomes condense.
29 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
anaphase
apoptosis
asexual reproduction
cancer
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
process of programmed cell death
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
a disorder in which some of the body's cells lose the ability…
anaphase
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
apoptosis
process of programmed cell death
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Interphase
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
The division of the cytoplasm. During this time the cell memb…
The longest phase of the cell cycle. During this time the cel…
Mitosis
Division of the cell nucleus. Creates 2 identical daughter ce…
Meiosis
Division of a cell for sexual reproduction. Create 4 genetica…
20 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Anaphase
Centromere
Centriole
Chromatid
The stage that follows metaphase; duplicated chromosomes sepa…
The part of the chromosome where the chromatids are joined to…
A cytoplasmic organelle from where mitotic spindles originate.
One copy of a newly copied chromosome that is still attached…
Anaphase
The stage that follows metaphase; duplicated chromosomes sepa…
Centromere
The part of the chromosome where the chromatids are joined to…
42 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Why do cells divide?
Why cells need mitosis:
Cell cycle is used to describe ....
Cell cycle can be divided into two mai…
SA : V Ratio ... In order for an organism to grow larger, it mus…
GATE ... Growth: multicellular organisms increase their size by…
The average life cycle of a eukaryotic cell
Interphase and cell division
Why do cells divide?
SA : V Ratio ... In order for an organism to grow larger, it mus…
Why cells need mitosis:
GATE ... Growth: multicellular organisms increase their size by…
13 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
The human reproductive system allows f…
What is the main difference between th…
A human cell with 23 pairs of homologo…
If there are 46 chromosomes in a diplo…
True
Meiosis produces 4 haploid gametes; mitosis produces 2 identi…
Diploid
23
The human reproductive system allows f…
True
What is the main difference between th…
Meiosis produces 4 haploid gametes; mitosis produces 2 identi…
116 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
prophase (mitosis)
metaphase (mitosis)
anaphase (mitosis)
telophase/cytokinesis (mitosis)
chromosomes condense and sister chromatids come together... cent…
chromosomes line up across the center of the cell... each centro…
centromeres connecting sister chromatids break down... sister ch…
chromosomes lose distinct shape ... nuclear envelope is reformed…
prophase (mitosis)
chromosomes condense and sister chromatids come together... cent…
metaphase (mitosis)
chromosomes line up across the center of the cell... each centro…
58 terms
Meiosis&Mitosis
What occurs during each phase of the c…
What are sister chromatids? What is th…
In which phase specifically are chromo…
Where do the microtubules of the spind…
...
two identical copies (chromatids) formed by the replication o…
S
centrosomes. Taxol could affect formation
What occurs during each phase of the c…
...
What are sister chromatids? What is th…
two identical copies (chromatids) formed by the replication o…
40 terms
Meiosis and Mitosis
Mitosis
Binary Fission
Interphase
G1
Asexual reproduction in eukaryotes and somatic cells
Asexual reproduction of prokaryotes
Replication of DNA takes place, longest stage, Resting phase
Cell grows chromatin visible
Mitosis
Asexual reproduction in eukaryotes and somatic cells
Binary Fission
Asexual reproduction of prokaryotes
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Three reasons why cells reproduce by a…
List the four phases of Mitosis
Interphase
This is the process in which the nucleus divides to form two…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Replacement
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
This occurs before mitosis begins in a cell
Mitosis
This is the process in which the nucleus divides to form two…
Three reasons why cells reproduce by a…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Replacement
16 terms
Meiosis - Mitosis
Asexual Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
Prophase
only one parent cell is needed
two parent cells join together to form offspring
a process in cell division during which the number o chromoso…
Nuclear membrane disappears.... DNA comes together into chromoso…
Asexual Reproduction
only one parent cell is needed
Sexual Reproduction
two parent cells join together to form offspring
21 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Longest part of the cell cycle... Chromosomes copied, appear a…
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Shortest phase of mitosis.... Chromatids attach to *spindle fibe…
Chromatids separate, begin to move to opposite ends, pulled…
Interphase
Longest part of the cell cycle... Chromosomes copied, appear a…
Prophase
Mitosis begins; centrioles appear and begin to move to oppo…
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Three reasons why cells reproduce by a…
Interphase
Cytokinesis
This is the process in which the nucleus divides to form two…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Replacement
This occurs before mitosis begins in a cell
This occurs after mitosis. The cell membrane moves inward to…
Mitosis
This is the process in which the nucleus divides to form two…
Three reasons why cells reproduce by a…
1. Growth... 2. Repair... 3. Replacement
15 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell Division
Chromatid
Centromere
Interphase
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
Cell Division
process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Chromatid
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
Mitosis Meiosis
Cancer
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
uncontrolled cell division.
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
Duplicated chromosomes visible; nucleus dissolves; spindle fi…
Chromosomes align in the middle (center) of the cell. Importa…
Cancer
uncontrolled cell division.
Interphase
A cell's growth and non-dividing phase; DNA replication occur…
35 terms
mitosis & meiosis
Haploid
Diploid
Down Syndrome
Patau Syndrome
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
having paired homologous chromosomes
Trisomy 21st chromosome
Trisomy 13th chromosome
Haploid
having unpaired chromosomes (halved)
Diploid
having paired homologous chromosomes
8 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Meiosis
Mitosis
Crossing Over
Gametes
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
Homologous Chromosomes (matching chromosomes from mom and dad…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in four daughter cells e…
Mitosis
Cell's division (PMAT) of the nucleus. Final product is 2 cel…
28 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Chromosome
Spindle Fiber
Centriole
Interphase
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
Cell organelle that aids in cell division in animal cells only
Cell grows, performs its normal functions, and prepares for d…
Chromosome
A doubled rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carri…
Spindle Fiber
The fibers that attach to and pull apart the chromatids
25 terms
mitosis/meiosis
cytokinesis
gamete
haploid
homologous chromosomes
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Male and female sex cells that are haploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set o…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
gamete
Male and female sex cells that are haploid
Mitosis & meiosis
somatic cells
Gamete
Chromosome
Chromatid
Body cells
Reproductive sex cells
Coiled structure of DNA and protein
One side of a duplicated chromosome
somatic cells
Body cells
Gamete
Reproductive sex cells
54 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
asexual reproduction
sexual reproduction
chromosome
chromatin
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
produces offspring that are different from the parents
unit that packages DNA inside of cells
DNA that is partially coiled around histone proteins
asexual reproduction
produces offspring that are identical to the parent
sexual reproduction
produces offspring that are different from the parents
47 terms
Mitosis & Meiosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Centrioles move away from each other pushed towards seperate…
Chromosomes are aligned at the equatorial (metaphasic) plate.…
Chromosomes split in half, spindle fibers pull sister chromat…
A nuclear membrane forms around each set of sister chromatids…
Prophase
Centrioles move away from each other pushed towards seperate…
Metaphase
Chromosomes are aligned at the equatorial (metaphasic) plate.…
Mitosis/Meiosis
mitosis
meiosis
mitotic
meiotic
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
Cell division occurs during this short phase, which generally…
Function: To produce sex cells with
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
10 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Cytokinesis
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
Second phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes line up acro…
Chromosomes are pulled APART during this third phase of mitosis
Cytokinesis
Division of the cytoplasm during cell division
Prophase
First and longest phase of mitosis in which the genetic mater…
20 terms
Mitosis, Meiosis
mitosis
interphase
prophase
metaphase
Final product is 2 cells that are exactly like the parent cell.
Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
Chromosomes become visable, nuclear envelop dissolves, spindl…
Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
mitosis
Final product is 2 cells that are exactly like the parent cell.
interphase
Period of the cell cycle between cell divisions
15 terms
Mitosis/ Meiosis
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Chromosomes duplicate
1st phase of mitosis ... Nuclear membranes begins to breakdown
2nd phase of mitosis... Chromosomes align in the middle of the c…
Mitosis
Has 4 Stages. Cells dividing into two new cells (daughter cel…
Interphase
Chromosomes duplicate
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