Study sets matching "modern astronomy"

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Study sets matching "modern astronomy"

Modern Astronomy
Constellation
Spectrum
Observatory
Wavelength
a pattern of stars in the sky
white light shining through a prism spreads out to form one
a building that contains one or more telescopes
the distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
a pattern of stars in the sky
Spectrum
white light shining through a prism spreads out to form one
Modern Astronomy
epicycles, deferents
seven
Earth was in the center of the universe
retrograde motion
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
In the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, the ________.
The apparent westward "drift" of the planets compared to the…
epicycles, deferents
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
seven
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
27 terms
Modern astronomy
Basaltic lava forms
Retrograde motion
Rotation
Revolution
Maria
Apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to the s…
Spinning of something on its axis
When one body is revolving around another body
Basaltic lava forms
Maria
Retrograde motion
Apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to the s…
26 terms
Modern Astronomy
Constellation
Radio Telescope
Observatory
Spectrograph
A large pattern of stars
A device used to detect radio waves given off by objects in s…
A building that contains telescopes
An instrument that breaks the light from an object into color…
Constellation
A large pattern of stars
Radio Telescope
A device used to detect radio waves given off by objects in s…
Modern Astronomy
epicycles, deferents
seven
Earth was in the center of the universe
retrograde motion
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
In the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, the ________.
The apparent westward "drift" of the planets compared to the…
epicycles, deferents
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
seven
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
22 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
geocentics
Orbit
Helicoentric
The scientific study of the universe
describes the concept of an earth-centered universe
Is the path of an object as it goes around another object in…
describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
Astronomy
The scientific study of the universe
geocentics
describes the concept of an earth-centered universe
Modern astronomy
Heliocentric model
Made careful observations for 20 yrs.
3 laws of planetary motion
Disproved geocentric theory supported…
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
Galileo
Heliocentric model
Copernicus
Made careful observations for 20 yrs.
Brahe
Astronomy - Origins of the Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
Solar
Geocentric
Heliocentric
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space. The…
relating to the sun.
Earth-centered model. In a geocentric system, Earth is at ... th…
Sun-centered model. In a heliocentric system, Earth and the o…
Astronomy
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space. The…
Solar
relating to the sun.
60 terms
modern astronomy
how old is the universe
how much larger is the diameter of ear…
how much larger is the diameter of the…
how large is the diameter of the milky…
13.8 billion years
4 times
108 times
100,000 ly
how old is the universe
13.8 billion years
how much larger is the diameter of ear…
4 times
23 terms
Modern Astronomy
What is a solar system?
How old is our solar system?
What is a planet?
Why is Pluto not a planet
A star and everything that revolves around it
4.6 billion years old
Any nearby object that directly revolves around a star.... Has a…
Does not have it's own orbital planet
What is a solar system?
A star and everything that revolves around it
How old is our solar system?
4.6 billion years old
Modern Astronomy
What is the Solar Nebular Theory?
What are Planetesimals?
What is a Solar Nebula?
How do Planets Form?
The Solar Nebular Theory is the theory that the sun and plane…
Planetesimals are small, irregularly shaped bodies formed by…
A Solar Nebula is the sun forming at the center of a phototyp…
Planet Formation... 1) dust grains collide and stick to eachothe…
What is the Solar Nebular Theory?
The Solar Nebular Theory is the theory that the sun and plane…
What are Planetesimals?
Planetesimals are small, irregularly shaped bodies formed by…
Modern Astronomy
Solar Nebular Theory:
What is the Solar Nebular Theory defin…
What are planetesmals?
What is planet formation?
a cloud of gas/dust in space
According to the Solar Nebular Theory, the sun and planets fo…
Planetesmals are small, irregular shaped bodies formed by col…
Dust grains collide and stick to each other, objects form pla…
Solar Nebular Theory:
a cloud of gas/dust in space
What is the Solar Nebular Theory defin…
According to the Solar Nebular Theory, the sun and planets fo…
22 terms
Chapter 4 - The Origin of Modern Astronomy
uniform circular motion
geocentric universe
parallax
retrograde motion
The motion of an object traveling at a constant speed on a ci…
An astronomical theory which describes the universe as a Geoc…
A displacement or difference in the apparent position of an o…
the apparent motion of a planet to move in a direction opposi…
uniform circular motion
The motion of an object traveling at a constant speed on a ci…
geocentric universe
An astronomical theory which describes the universe as a Geoc…
13 terms
Astronomy motion and modern astronomy
gravity is
equation for gravity
Newton's 1st law
Newton's 1st law related to orbits
universal, a central force, inverse square law, infinite, and…
F=GMm/d^2
a body at rest tends to stay at rest, a body in motion tends…
center seeking force
gravity is
universal, a central force, inverse square law, infinite, and…
equation for gravity
F=GMm/d^2
Astronomy - Modern
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
law 1
earth a planet heliocentric model
observed mars stellar parallax
laws
all planets travel in ellipses
Copernicus
earth a planet heliocentric model
Brahe
observed mars stellar parallax
Intro to Modern Astronomy
Solar System
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy
Galaxy Cluster
Consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
Makeup of other galaxies
Great island of stars in space
More than a few dozen large members of galaxies
Solar System
Consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
Milky Way Galaxy
Makeup of other galaxies
17 terms
Modern Astronomy Test 5
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's moons
Plumes
Moons of Uranus
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere possibly because of c…
All cratered and made 60% with ice there are 60.
Give materials to Saturn rings; made of water vapor and compl…
more than 2 dozen, Tidal Heating responsible for energy
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere possibly because of c…
Saturn's moons
All cratered and made 60% with ice there are 60.
Astronomy Unit 3: Modern Astronomy
Angular momentum
Anthropic principle
Aphelion
apogee
a measure of the momentum associated with motion about an axi…
the idea that physical laws must be the way they are because…
point in its orbit where a planet is farthest from the sun
point in its orbit where an earth satellite is farthest from…
Angular momentum
a measure of the momentum associated with motion about an axi…
Anthropic principle
the idea that physical laws must be the way they are because…
Origins of Modern Astronomy Terms
Archaeoastronomy
Uniform Circular Motion
Geocentric Universe
Retrograde Motion
The study of the astronomy of ancient cultures
The classical belief that the perfect heavens could move only…
A model universe with the earth at it's center (i.e. the Ptol…
The apparent backward (westward) motion of planets as seen ag…
Archaeoastronomy
The study of the astronomy of ancient cultures
Uniform Circular Motion
The classical belief that the perfect heavens could move only…
73 terms
CSET - Modern Astronomy 090314
The turning, or spinning of a body on…
a. 24 hours
c. 30 days
In the geocentric model, the sun and p…
rotation
What is the approximate time that it takes the earth to rotat…
Approximately how long does it take for the moon to go throug…
Compare and contrast the geocentric and heliocentric models o…
The turning, or spinning of a body on…
rotation
a. 24 hours
What is the approximate time that it takes the earth to rotat…
30 terms
Chapter 22 -> Origin of Modern Astronomy
Aphelion
Apogee
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Astronomy
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
The average distance between Earth and the sun (about 150 mil…
The science that studies the universe.
Aphelion
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
Apogee
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
Modern Astronomy Test 5
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's moons
Plumes
Moons of Uranus
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere makes it look like it…
All cratered and made 60% with ice
Give materials to Saturn rings; made of water vapor and compl…
more than 2 dozen, Tidal Heating responsible for energy
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere makes it look like it…
Saturn's moons
All cratered and made 60% with ice
Modern Astronomy Test 4
2 moons of Mars
Mars' Northern and Southern surface
"Grand Canyon" of Mars
Runoff Channels
Phobos and Diemos
N-rolling volcano plains formed by lava flow... S-heavily crater…
Valles Marineris Canyon
dried up beds found in South highlands formed by rainfall and…
2 moons of Mars
Phobos and Diemos
Mars' Northern and Southern surface
N-rolling volcano plains formed by lava flow... S-heavily crater…
Modern Astronomy Test 3
Revolutions
Rotation
Aberration
Foucault Pendulum
rotates around the Sun (1 Year)
rotates around its own axis of revolutions (1 day)
apparent shift in the direction of stars (first evidence of E…
apparent change in the direction of the pendulum's swing beca…
Revolutions
rotates around the Sun (1 Year)
Rotation
rotates around its own axis of revolutions (1 day)
Origins of Modern Astronomy
Archeoastronomy
Deferent
Eccentricity
Eccentrics
the study of astronomy from ancient people
the lager circle of the epicycle
the study of how an orbit deviates from circular; a perfectly…
the study of how an orbit deviates from circular; a perfectly…
Archeoastronomy
the study of astronomy from ancient people
Deferent
the lager circle of the epicycle
11 terms
Tools of modern Astronomy
Reflecting telescope
Refracting telescope
Radio telescope
Spectrograph
uses mirrors to reflect light to make objects appear bigger
uses convex lenses to gather a large amount of light and focu…
Devices used to detect radio waves from space.
it breaks the light from an object into colors and photograph…
Reflecting telescope
uses mirrors to reflect light to make objects appear bigger
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather a large amount of light and focu…
91 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
MIlky Way
"Golden Age" of early astronomy
astrolabe
study of the universe and the things in it
the earth is located within this Galaxy
- term usually used in reference to the Ancient Greeks, who w…
an ancient astronomical "computer" used for determining time…
astronomy
study of the universe and the things in it
MIlky Way
the earth is located within this Galaxy
26 terms
Ancient/Modern Astronomy
A natural science that deals with the…
Early astronomical observatory and 3D…
Longest day of the year
Shortest day of the year
Astronomy
Stonehenge
Summer solstice
Winter solstice
A natural science that deals with the…
Astronomy
Early astronomical observatory and 3D…
Stonehenge
Early to Modern Astronomy
Geocentric View of the Universe
Heliocentric View of the Universe
Ancient Greeks... (Contribution)
Ptolemy ... (Contribution)
Earth is the center of the universe... Earth is a motionless Sph…
The Sun is at the center of the Universe,... planets revolve aro…
Geocentric View, ... Earth is round, ... How big the Earth is
Geocentric View, ... Latitude and Longitude
Geocentric View of the Universe
Earth is the center of the universe... Earth is a motionless Sph…
Heliocentric View of the Universe
The Sun is at the center of the Universe,... planets revolve aro…
The Origins of Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erathosthenes
Hipparchus
geocentric model
concluded that the Earth was round because of its shadow on t…
calculated the circumference of the Earth using shadows in Al…
Created star catalog of 850 stars according to the brightness
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
Aristotle
concluded that the Earth was round because of its shadow on t…
Erathosthenes
calculated the circumference of the Earth using shadows in Al…
Astronomy: A Modern View
Geocentric
Solar System
Galaxy
Milk Way Galaxy
The ancient belief that the Earth was the center of the unive…
The collection of the eight planets and their moons in orbit…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
Our own collection of stars held toghrt by gravitonal attract…
Geocentric
The ancient belief that the Earth was the center of the unive…
Solar System
The collection of the eight planets and their moons in orbit…
origins of modern astronomy
retrograde motion
sidereal day
heliocentric
sidereal month
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
-aristarchus... -sun centered universe
-the true period of the moons revolution around earth ... -27 1/…
retrograde motion
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
sidereal day
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
16 terms
Topic 4c: Modern Astronomy
universe:
Big Bang theory:
Doppler effect:
red shift:
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
is the leading explanation about how the universe began. At i…
an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, o…
the displacement of spectral lines toward longer wavelengths…
universe:
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
Big Bang theory:
is the leading explanation about how the universe began. At i…
Earth and space modern astronomy
Perihelion
Precession
Rotation
Earths tilted axis
Earth is closest to the sun
Earths axis slowly but continuously points in different direc…
Movement of earth responsible for day and night
Causes the seasons
Perihelion
Earth is closest to the sun
Precession
Earths axis slowly but continuously points in different direc…
91 terms
ES Chapter 22 - Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
MIlky Way
"Golden Age" of early astronomy
astrolabe
study of the universe and the things in it
the earth is located within this Galaxy
- term usually used in reference to the Ancient Greeks, who w…
an ancient astronomical "computer" used for determining time…
astronomy
study of the universe and the things in it
MIlky Way
the earth is located within this Galaxy
30 terms
Chapter 22 -> Origin of Modern Astronomy
Aphelion
Apogee
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Astronomy
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
The average distance between Earth and the sun (about 150 mil…
The science that studies the universe.
Aphelion
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
Apogee
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
Ch 22 modern astronomy
Aristotle
150 million km
July 4
Vega
Which Greek first proposed that the sun was the center of the…
One astronomer cool unit averages about what
During which month is earth farthest from the sun
In the year 14,000 earths axis will point toward what
Aristotle
Which Greek first proposed that the sun was the center of the…
150 million km
One astronomer cool unit averages about what
21 terms
Chapter 13 Modern Astronomy
Ptolemy
waxing
the ecliptic
perihelion
who was the ancient greek that developed a geocentric model o…
During the period that the moon's phases are changing from th…
the apparent path of the sun against the backdrop of the cele…
at its closest position to the sun, called...?.... Earth is 1…
Ptolemy
who was the ancient greek that developed a geocentric model o…
waxing
During the period that the moon's phases are changing from th…
Origins of Modern Astronomy
Apogee
Perigee
Rotation
Revolution
the point at which the moon is farthest away from earth
the point at which the moon is closest to Earth
The turning or spinning, of a body on its axis
The motion of a body, such as a planet or moon, along a path…
Apogee
the point at which the moon is farthest away from earth
Perigee
the point at which the moon is closest to Earth
35 terms
Chp 22 - Origin of Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
Milky Way Galaxy
Aristotle
Geocentric
Study of the universe
Galaxy where earth is found
Said earth is round because of the curved shadow of the moon
Earth is the center of our galaxy
Astronomy
Study of the universe
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy where earth is found
Ancient and Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erastosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Earth is a sphere because it casts a curved shadow when it ec…
calculated the circumference of earth
determined 850 star locations, divided stars into categories,…
concluded Earth is heliocentric
Aristotle
Earth is a sphere because it casts a curved shadow when it ec…
Erastosthenes
calculated the circumference of earth
30 terms
Ancient and Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Eratosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Earth is Spherical
Circumference of the Earth by shadows and angles
Location of 850 stars, system to group stars based on brightn…
First one to believe in heliocentric universe
Aristotle
Earth is Spherical
Eratosthenes
Circumference of the Earth by shadows and angles
14 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
The Apparent westward drift of the pla…
Early Greeks Held the ____ view of the…
____ is the turning, or spinning, of a…
The average distance from the Earth to…
Retrograde Motion
Geocentric
Rotation
Astronomical unit (AU)
The Apparent westward drift of the pla…
Retrograde Motion
Early Greeks Held the ____ view of the…
Geocentric
Birth of Modern Astronomy
Copernicus:
Brahe:
Kepler:
Three empirical laws
Heliocentric cosmology carefully measures planetary periods a…
The most accurate measurements possible without the aid of a…
Brahe's young assistant, distills his data and discovers thre…
(1)Planetary orbits are elliptical with the sun at once focus…
Copernicus:
Heliocentric cosmology carefully measures planetary periods a…
Brahe:
The most accurate measurements possible without the aid of a…
Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
geocentric
heliocentric
retrograde motion
the scientific study of the universe; It includes the observa…
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
the apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to t…
astronomy
the scientific study of the universe; It includes the observa…
geocentric
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
10 terms
Tools of modern astronomy
Constellation
Spectrum
Observatory
Wavelength
A pattern of stars in the sky
White light shining through a prism spreads out to form kne
A building that contains one or more telescopes
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
A pattern of stars in the sky
Spectrum
White light shining through a prism spreads out to form kne
Ancient to Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erastosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Concluded that the earth is sphereical
1st astronomer to accurately calculate circumference of the e…
location of 850+ stars, earth year, lunar eclipses,
1st to say heliocentric universe
Aristotle
Concluded that the earth is sphereical
Erastosthenes
1st astronomer to accurately calculate circumference of the e…
DE - Modern Astronomy Vocabulary
Big Bang Theory
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Earth
Kuiper Belt
The most commonly accepted theory of how the universe formed.
The mean distance from the center of the Earth to the center…
The third planet from the Sun; the planet on which we live.
An area in the solar system beyond the planets where many sma…
Big Bang Theory
The most commonly accepted theory of how the universe formed.
Astronomical Unit (AU)
The mean distance from the center of the Earth to the center…
Origin of Modern Astronomy
ancient observatories
ancient observations
"wandering stars"
to explain planetary motions
Stonehenge, Big Horn, Medicine Wheel, Mayan Temple
ancients knew that five "wandering stars" seemed to slowly mo…
planets, typically move from west to east, except during brie…
they invented the geocentric models
ancient observatories
Stonehenge, Big Horn, Medicine Wheel, Mayan Temple
ancient observations
ancients knew that five "wandering stars" seemed to slowly mo…
16 terms
Modern Astronomy Test Terms
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
Ancient Greeks
Ptolemy (Claudius)
Earth is at the center of the universe
Earth and other planets orbit the sun
Aristotle and Eratosthenes... Earth is round... Came up with causes…
Geocentric Model... Wrote volumes about movement of sun, planets…
Geocentric Model
Earth is at the center of the universe
Heliocentric Model
Earth and other planets orbit the sun
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