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Study sets matching "modern astronomy"

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Study sets matching "modern astronomy"

Modern Astronomy
epicycles, deferents
seven
Earth was in the center of the universe
retrograde motion
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
In the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, the ________.
The apparent westward "drift" of the planets compared to the…
epicycles, deferents
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
seven
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
22 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
geocentics
Orbit
Helicoentric
The scientific study of the universe
describes the concept of an earth-centered universe
Is the path of an object as it goes around another object in…
describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
Astronomy
The scientific study of the universe
geocentics
describes the concept of an earth-centered universe
47 terms
Modern Astronomy
epicycles, deferents
seven
Earth was in the center of the universe
retrograde motion
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
In the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, the ________.
The apparent westward "drift" of the planets compared to the…
epicycles, deferents
In the Ptolemaic system, planets orbited in small circles cal…
seven
According to the Ptolemaic (Greek) model of the universe, how…
9 terms
Astronomy - Modern
Copernicus
Brahe
Kepler
law 1
earth a planet heliocentric model
observed mars stellar parallax
laws
all planets travel in ellipses
Copernicus
earth a planet heliocentric model
Brahe
observed mars stellar parallax
13 terms
Astronomy motion and modern astronomy
gravity is
equation for gravity
Newton's 1st law
Newton's 1st law related to orbits
universal, a central force, inverse square law, infinite, and…
F=GMm/d^2
a body at rest tends to stay at rest, a body in motion tends…
center seeking force
gravity is
universal, a central force, inverse square law, infinite, and…
equation for gravity
F=GMm/d^2
11 terms
Astronomy - Origins of the Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
Solar
Geocentric
Heliocentric
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space. The…
relating to the sun.
Earth-centered model. In a geocentric system, Earth is at ... th…
Sun-centered model. In a heliocentric system, Earth and the o…
Astronomy
the study of the moon, stars and other objects in space. The…
Solar
relating to the sun.
26 terms
Modern Astronomy
Constellation
Radio Telescope
Observatory
Spectrograph
A large pattern of stars
A device used to detect radio waves given off by objects in s…
A building that contains telescopes
An instrument that breaks the light from an object into color…
Constellation
A large pattern of stars
Radio Telescope
A device used to detect radio waves given off by objects in s…
27 terms
Modern astronomy
Basaltic lava forms
Retrograde motion
Rotation
Revolution
Maria
Apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to the s…
Spinning of something on its axis
When one body is revolving around another body
Basaltic lava forms
Maria
Retrograde motion
Apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to the s…
60 terms
modern astronomy
how old is the universe
how much larger is the diameter of ear…
how much larger is the diameter of the…
how large is the diameter of the milky…
13.8 billion years
4 times
108 times
100,000 ly
how old is the universe
13.8 billion years
how much larger is the diameter of ear…
4 times
22 terms
Chapter 4 - The Origin of Modern Astronomy
uniform circular motion
geocentric universe
parallax
retrograde motion
The motion of an object traveling at a constant speed on a ci…
An astronomical theory which describes the universe as a Geoc…
A displacement or difference in the apparent position of an o…
the apparent motion of a planet to move in a direction opposi…
uniform circular motion
The motion of an object traveling at a constant speed on a ci…
geocentric universe
An astronomical theory which describes the universe as a Geoc…
55 terms
Modern Astronomy
Solar Nebular Theory:
What is the Solar Nebular Theory defin…
What are planetesmals?
What is planet formation?
a cloud of gas/dust in space
According to the Solar Nebular Theory, the sun and planets fo…
Planetesmals are small, irregular shaped bodies formed by col…
Dust grains collide and stick to each other, objects form pla…
Solar Nebular Theory:
a cloud of gas/dust in space
What is the Solar Nebular Theory defin…
According to the Solar Nebular Theory, the sun and planets fo…
166 terms
Intro to Modern Astronomy
Solar System
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy
Galaxy Cluster
Consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
Makeup of other galaxies
Great island of stars in space
More than a few dozen large members of galaxies
Solar System
Consists of the sun, planets, their moons, and smaller object…
Milky Way Galaxy
Makeup of other galaxies
73 terms
CSET - Modern Astronomy 090314
The turning, or spinning of a body on…
a. 24 hours
c. 30 days
In the geocentric model, the sun and p…
rotation
What is the approximate time that it takes the earth to rotat…
Approximately how long does it take for the moon to go throug…
Compare and contrast the geocentric and heliocentric models o…
The turning, or spinning of a body on…
rotation
a. 24 hours
What is the approximate time that it takes the earth to rotat…
30 terms
Chapter 22 -> Origin of Modern Astronomy
Aphelion
Apogee
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Astronomy
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
The average distance between Earth and the sun (about 150 mil…
The science that studies the universe.
Aphelion
Earth is farthest from the sun; occurs about July 4th every y…
Apogee
The moon is farthest from the Earth.
16 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy Terms
Archaeoastronomy
Uniform Circular Motion
Geocentric Universe
Retrograde Motion
The study of the astronomy of ancient cultures
The classical belief that the perfect heavens could move only…
A model universe with the earth at it's center (i.e. the Ptol…
The apparent backward (westward) motion of planets as seen ag…
Archaeoastronomy
The study of the astronomy of ancient cultures
Uniform Circular Motion
The classical belief that the perfect heavens could move only…
27 terms
Astronomy Unit 3: Modern Astronomy
Angular momentum
Anthropic principle
Aphelion
apogee
a measure of the momentum associated with motion about an axi…
the idea that physical laws must be the way they are because…
point in its orbit where a planet is farthest from the sun
point in its orbit where an earth satellite is farthest from…
Angular momentum
a measure of the momentum associated with motion about an axi…
Anthropic principle
the idea that physical laws must be the way they are because…
17 terms
Modern Astronomy Test 5
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's moons
Plumes
Moons of Uranus
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere possibly because of c…
All cratered and made 60% with ice there are 60.
Give materials to Saturn rings; made of water vapor and compl…
more than 2 dozen, Tidal Heating responsible for energy
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere possibly because of c…
Saturn's moons
All cratered and made 60% with ice there are 60.
11 terms
Tools of modern Astronomy
Reflecting telescope
Refracting telescope
Radio telescope
Spectrograph
uses mirrors to reflect light to make objects appear bigger
uses convex lenses to gather a large amount of light and focu…
Devices used to detect radio waves from space.
it breaks the light from an object into colors and photograph…
Reflecting telescope
uses mirrors to reflect light to make objects appear bigger
Refracting telescope
uses convex lenses to gather a large amount of light and focu…
91 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
MIlky Way
"Golden Age" of early astronomy
astrolabe
study of the universe and the things in it
the earth is located within this Galaxy
- term usually used in reference to the Ancient Greeks, who w…
an ancient astronomical "computer" used for determining time…
astronomy
study of the universe and the things in it
MIlky Way
the earth is located within this Galaxy
Early to Modern Astronomy
Geocentric View of the Universe
Heliocentric View of the Universe
Ancient Greeks... (Contribution)
Ptolemy ... (Contribution)
Earth is the center of the universe... Earth is a motionless Sph…
The Sun is at the center of the Universe,... planets revolve aro…
Geocentric View, ... Earth is round, ... How big the Earth is
Geocentric View, ... Latitude and Longitude
Geocentric View of the Universe
Earth is the center of the universe... Earth is a motionless Sph…
Heliocentric View of the Universe
The Sun is at the center of the Universe,... planets revolve aro…
26 terms
Astronomy: A Modern View
Geocentric
Solar System
Galaxy
Milk Way Galaxy
The ancient belief that the Earth was the center of the unive…
The collection of the eight planets and their moons in orbit…
a system of millions or billions of stars, together with gas…
Our own collection of stars held toghrt by gravitonal attract…
Geocentric
The ancient belief that the Earth was the center of the unive…
Solar System
The collection of the eight planets and their moons in orbit…
91 terms
ES Chapter 22 - Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
MIlky Way
"Golden Age" of early astronomy
astrolabe
study of the universe and the things in it
the earth is located within this Galaxy
- term usually used in reference to the Ancient Greeks, who w…
an ancient astronomical "computer" used for determining time…
astronomy
study of the universe and the things in it
MIlky Way
the earth is located within this Galaxy
16 terms
Earth and space modern astronomy
Perihelion
Precession
Rotation
Earths tilted axis
Earth is closest to the sun
Earths axis slowly but continuously points in different direc…
Movement of earth responsible for day and night
Causes the seasons
Perihelion
Earth is closest to the sun
Precession
Earths axis slowly but continuously points in different direc…
The Origins of Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erathosthenes
Hipparchus
geocentric model
concluded that the Earth was round because of its shadow on t…
calculated the circumference of the Earth using shadows in Al…
Created star catalog of 850 stars according to the brightness
A representation of the universe in which starts and planets…
Aristotle
concluded that the Earth was round because of its shadow on t…
Erathosthenes
calculated the circumference of the Earth using shadows in Al…
29 terms
Modern Astronomy Test 5
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's moons
Plumes
Moons of Uranus
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere makes it look like it…
All cratered and made 60% with ice
Give materials to Saturn rings; made of water vapor and compl…
more than 2 dozen, Tidal Heating responsible for energy
Titan (Moon)
Saturn's largest moon, thick atmosphere makes it look like it…
Saturn's moons
All cratered and made 60% with ice
16 terms
Topic 4c: Modern Astronomy
universe:
Big Bang theory:
Doppler effect:
red shift:
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
is the leading explanation about how the universe began. At i…
an increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, o…
the displacement of spectral lines toward longer wavelengths…
universe:
all existing matter and space considered as a whole; the cosm…
Big Bang theory:
is the leading explanation about how the universe began. At i…
30 terms
Modern Astronomy Test 4
2 moons of Mars
Mars' Northern and Southern surface
"Grand Canyon" of Mars
Runoff Channels
Phobos and Diemos
N-rolling volcano plains formed by lava flow... S-heavily crater…
Valles Marineris Canyon
dried up beds found in South highlands formed by rainfall and…
2 moons of Mars
Phobos and Diemos
Mars' Northern and Southern surface
N-rolling volcano plains formed by lava flow... S-heavily crater…
35 terms
Chp 22 - Origin of Modern Astronomy
Astronomy
Milky Way Galaxy
Aristotle
Geocentric
Study of the universe
Galaxy where earth is found
Said earth is round because of the curved shadow of the moon
Earth is the center of our galaxy
Astronomy
Study of the universe
Milky Way Galaxy
Galaxy where earth is found
30 terms
Modern Astronomy Test 3
Revolutions
Rotation
Aberration
Foucault Pendulum
rotates around the Sun (1 Year)
rotates around its own axis of revolutions (1 day)
apparent shift in the direction of stars (first evidence of E…
apparent change in the direction of the pendulum's swing beca…
Revolutions
rotates around the Sun (1 Year)
Rotation
rotates around its own axis of revolutions (1 day)
22 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
Archeoastronomy
Deferent
Eccentricity
Eccentrics
the study of astronomy from ancient people
the lager circle of the epicycle
the study of how an orbit deviates from circular; a perfectly…
the study of how an orbit deviates from circular; a perfectly…
Archeoastronomy
the study of astronomy from ancient people
Deferent
the lager circle of the epicycle
26 terms
Ancient/Modern Astronomy
A natural science that deals with the…
Early astronomical observatory and 3D…
Longest day of the year
Shortest day of the year
Astronomy
Stonehenge
Summer solstice
Winter solstice
A natural science that deals with the…
Astronomy
Early astronomical observatory and 3D…
Stonehenge
27 terms
Astronomy Final Modern Cosmology
immanuel kent
time
event
time
said everything in the universe has in common that all things…
separates one event from another
something that occurs that makes the universe different
event=change, therefore ______ will progress as long as thing…
immanuel kent
said everything in the universe has in common that all things…
time
separates one event from another
21 terms
Chapter 13 Modern Astronomy
Ptolemy
waxing
the ecliptic
perihelion
who was the ancient greek that developed a geocentric model o…
During the period that the moon's phases are changing from th…
the apparent path of the sun against the backdrop of the cele…
at its closest position to the sun, called...?.... Earth is 1…
Ptolemy
who was the ancient greek that developed a geocentric model o…
waxing
During the period that the moon's phases are changing from th…
25 terms
origins of modern astronomy
retrograde motion
sidereal day
heliocentric
sidereal month
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
-aristarchus... -sun centered universe
-the true period of the moons revolution around earth ... -27 1/…
retrograde motion
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
sidereal day
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
35 terms
Ch 22 modern astronomy
Aristotle
150 million km
July 4
Vega
Which Greek first proposed that the sun was the center of the…
One astronomer cool unit averages about what
During which month is earth farthest from the sun
In the year 14,000 earths axis will point toward what
Aristotle
Which Greek first proposed that the sun was the center of the…
150 million km
One astronomer cool unit averages about what
17 terms
Origin Of Modern Astronomy
Archeoastronomy
Stone Hedge, Monuments, Caracol
Greek
First Principles
study of the astronomy of ancient people
calendars, astronomical alignments, to predict eclipses
first written documents about ancient astronomy, tried to des…
Geocentric Universe, Perfect Heavens
Archeoastronomy
study of the astronomy of ancient people
Stone Hedge, Monuments, Caracol
calendars, astronomical alignments, to predict eclipses
14 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
The Apparent westward drift of the pla…
Early Greeks Held the ____ view of the…
____ is the turning, or spinning, of a…
The average distance from the Earth to…
Retrograde Motion
Geocentric
Rotation
Astronomical unit (AU)
The Apparent westward drift of the pla…
Retrograde Motion
Early Greeks Held the ____ view of the…
Geocentric
132 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
astronomy
geocentric
heliocentric
retrograde motion
the scientific study of the universe; It includes the observa…
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
describes the view that the sun is at the center of the solar…
the apparent westward motion of the planets with respect to t…
astronomy
the scientific study of the universe; It includes the observa…
geocentric
describes the concept of an Earth-centered universe
43 terms
DE - Modern Astronomy Vocabulary
Big Bang Theory
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Earth
Kuiper Belt
The most commonly accepted theory of how the universe formed.
The mean distance from the center of the Earth to the center…
The third planet from the Sun; the planet on which we live.
An area in the solar system beyond the planets where many sma…
Big Bang Theory
The most commonly accepted theory of how the universe formed.
Astronomical Unit (AU)
The mean distance from the center of the Earth to the center…
25 terms
origins of modern astronomy
retrograde motion
sidereal day
heliocentric
sidereal month
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
-aristarchus... -sun centered universe
-the true period of the moons revolution around earth ... -27 1/…
retrograde motion
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
sidereal day
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
25 terms
origins of modern astronomy
retrograde motion
sidereal day
heliocentric
sidereal month
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
-aristarchus... -sun centered universe
-the true period of the moons revolution around earth ... -27 1/…
retrograde motion
the apparent westward drift of the planets with respect to th…
sidereal day
the time interval it takes for earth to make one complete rot…
12 terms
Origin of Modern Astronomy
Rotation
Revolution
Retrograde motion
Solar eclipse
Time for a planet to make a spin on its axis (day)
Time for a planet to make a revolution around a star (year)
Motion of a planet moving backwards in its orbit, because of…
Moon in apogee has to be in new moon
Rotation
Time for a planet to make a spin on its axis (day)
Revolution
Time for a planet to make a revolution around a star (year)
23 terms
Modern Astronomy - Planet Characteristics
Earth (4)
Earth - Plate Tectonics
Earth - Magnetic Field
Earth - Atmosphere
Formation basics and evolution... Plate Tectonics... Magnetic Field…
Unique, drives our carbon cycle, runs on accretionary energy,…
Acts as a shield - related to hot core --> drives energy to c…
Protects us from radiation and particles, burns up meteroids,…
Earth (4)
Formation basics and evolution... Plate Tectonics... Magnetic Field…
Earth - Plate Tectonics
Unique, drives our carbon cycle, runs on accretionary energy,…
30 terms
Ancient and Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Eratosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Earth is Spherical
Circumference of the Earth by shadows and angles
Location of 850 stars, system to group stars based on brightn…
First one to believe in heliocentric universe
Aristotle
Earth is Spherical
Eratosthenes
Circumference of the Earth by shadows and angles
25 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
The Stars Above
Astronomy
Egyptians
Ancient Greeks
The patterns of celestial movement and the seasons led early…
started ~ 5000 years ago with the early civilizations
used the stars to predict the annual flooding of the Nile.
Used philosophical arguments and some observational data to e…
The Stars Above
The patterns of celestial movement and the seasons led early…
Astronomy
started ~ 5000 years ago with the early civilizations
25 terms
Ancient and Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erastosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Earth is a sphere because it casts a curved shadow when it ec…
calculated the circumference of earth
determined 850 star locations, divided stars into categories,…
concluded Earth is heliocentric
Aristotle
Earth is a sphere because it casts a curved shadow when it ec…
Erastosthenes
calculated the circumference of earth
19 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
parallaxe
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Hipparchus
Ptolemy
The apparent change in an objects position due to a change in…
universe is divided into two parts:... 1. imperfect, changeable…
placing the Earth away from the center of the "perfect spheres"
1. epicycles ... 2.retrograde (Western) motion. ... considered the…
parallaxe
The apparent change in an objects position due to a change in…
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
universe is divided into two parts:... 1. imperfect, changeable…
26 terms
Origins of Modern Astronomy
Aphelion
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Axial Precession
Celestial Sphere
The place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
The average distance from Earth to the Sun; ... 1.5 X 10^8 kilom…
A slow motion of Earth's axis that traces our a cone over a p…
An imaginary hollow sphere upon which the ancients believed t…
Aphelion
The place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is farthe…
Astronomical Unit (AU)
The average distance from Earth to the Sun; ... 1.5 X 10^8 kilom…
10 terms
Tools of modern astronomy
Constellation
Spectrum
Observatory
Wavelength
A pattern of stars in the sky
White light shining through a prism spreads out to form kne
A building that contains one or more telescopes
The distance between the crest of one wave and the crest of t…
Constellation
A pattern of stars in the sky
Spectrum
White light shining through a prism spreads out to form kne
14 terms
Ancient to Modern Astronomy
Aristotle
Erastosthenes
Hipparchus
Aristarchus
Concluded that the earth is sphereical
1st astronomer to accurately calculate circumference of the e…
location of 850+ stars, earth year, lunar eclipses,
1st to say heliocentric universe
Aristotle
Concluded that the earth is sphereical
Erastosthenes
1st astronomer to accurately calculate circumference of the e…
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