Study sets matching "modern biology"

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Study sets matching "modern biology"

45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; the ba…
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the same chemical…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
30 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 17
biodiversity
taxonomy
taxon
kingdom
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
practice of classifying plants and animals according to their…
any particular group within a taxonomic system
in a traditional taxonomic system, the highest taxonomic cate…
biodiversity
the variety of species living within an ecosystem
taxonomy
practice of classifying plants and animals according to their…
26 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 16
Population genetics
Microevolution
Bell curve
Gene pool
Study of allele frequency distribution and change under the i…
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Normal distribution, results from graphing frequency versus d…
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Population genetics
Study of allele frequency distribution and change under the i…
Microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 23
prokaryote
peptidoglycan
methanogen
halophile
have no membrane bound organelles, including nucleus
protein in carbohydrate protein prevalently found in cell wal…
archaeal group that gets energy from reaction producing metha…
archaeal group that loves salt
prokaryote
have no membrane bound organelles, including nucleus
peptidoglycan
protein in carbohydrate protein prevalently found in cell wal…
16 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 20
Predation
Interspecific competition
Symbiosis
Mutualism
A relationship between two species in which one species, the…
A relationship between two species in which both species comp…
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
A relationship between two species in which both species bene…
Predation
A relationship between two species in which one species, the…
Interspecific competition
A relationship between two species in which both species comp…
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
25 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 22
environmental science
geosphere
hydrosphere
atmosphere
...
Earth's rock interior exentding from molten center of planet'…
above geosphere and portion of Earth that's water
mixture of gases that surround the earth
environmental science
...
geosphere
Earth's rock interior exentding from molten center of planet'…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 18
Ecology
Interdependence
Ecological Model
Biosphere
the study of interactions between organishms and the living a…
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
a representation or description of the components of an ecolo…
the bradest, most inclusive level of organisation;the thin vo…
Ecology
the study of interactions between organishms and the living a…
Interdependence
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
60 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 29
parenchyma
collenchyma
sclerenchyma
tracheid
living tissue of the plant ground system, consisting of cells…
plant tissue made up of irregular cells with unevenly thicken…
tissue of the ground system that supports and strengthens the…
a long, thick wall with tapering ends, forming part of the xy…
parenchyma
living tissue of the plant ground system, consisting of cells…
collenchyma
plant tissue made up of irregular cells with unevenly thicken…
modern biology chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
30 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomers
polymer
made primarily of carbon atoms
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
simple molecules that build carbon compounds
a molecule that consists of repeated linked units
organic compound
made primarily of carbon atoms
functional group
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
24 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
movement of particles from regions of higher density to lower…
difference in the concentration of a substance across a dista…
state that exists when the concentration of a substance is th…
passive transport
movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
diffusion
movement of particles from regions of higher density to lower…
20 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 6
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light Reactions
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
when green plants and some bacteria capture light energy to p…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
First stage of photosynthesis. Named Because it requires ligh…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Photosynthesis
when green plants and some bacteria capture light energy to p…
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic, such as…
Occurs when pollen grains produced in the anthers, are transf…
genetics
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
heredity
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
32 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 19
population
population density
dispersion
birth rate
a group of organisms of the same species that live in the sam…
the number of individuals in a specific area
The pattern of distribution of organisms in a population
the number of births in a population in a certain amount of t…
population
a group of organisms of the same species that live in the sam…
population density
the number of individuals in a specific area
19 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 15
evolution
strata
natural selection
adaptation
process of change so new species develop from preexisting spe…
layers of rock
process where better adapted individuals that are better surv…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
evolution
process of change so new species develop from preexisting spe…
strata
layers of rock
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
26 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 21
biome
tundra
permafrost
tropical forest
very large climatic region that contains a number of smaller…
cold and largely treeless biome that forms a continuous belt…
a permanently frozen layer of soil under the soil
occur near the equator between 23.5°N and 23.5°S known as the…
biome
very large climatic region that contains a number of smaller…
tundra
cold and largely treeless biome that forms a continuous belt…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
16 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 14
biogenesis
spontaneous generation
radioactive dating
isotope
the theory that living organisms come only from other living…
an early and now disproved hypothesis that living organisms d…
a method of determining the age of an object by measuring the…
one of multiple forms of a chemical element that has a differ…
biogenesis
the theory that living organisms come only from other living…
spontaneous generation
an early and now disproved hypothesis that living organisms d…
38 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 11
Gene Expression
Genome
Jacob and Monod
Lactose
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the genetic material contained in an individual
the scientists that discovered how genes control the metaboli…
A disaccharide that is composed of two monosaccharides glucos…
Gene Expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
Genome
the genetic material contained in an individual
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
reduced form of NAD+; electron-carrying molecule that functio…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
41 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
forming a nucleic acid by using another molecule as a templat…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
forming a nucleic acid by using another molecule as a templat…
24 terms
Chapter 16 vocabulary- Modern biology
Population genetics
Microevolution
Bell curve
Gene pool
Study of allele frequency distribution and change under the i…
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Normal distribution... Bell-shaped curve; typically results from…
Combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
Population genetics
Study of allele frequency distribution and change under the i…
Microevolution
Change in allele frequencies in a population over generations.
Modern Biology Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Modern Biology Chapter 10
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
Modern Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
Modern Biology Chapter 6
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light Reactions
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
First stage of photosynthesis. Named Because it requires ligh…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Photosynthesis
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
Modern Biology Chapter 2
acid
activation energy
adhesion
aqueous solution
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
the attractive force between two bodies of different substanc…
a solution in which water is the solvent
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
Modern Biology Chapter 13
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
primers
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
A technique that quickly produces many copies of DNA fragment.
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20 t…
length polymorphisms
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
Modern Biology Chapter 11
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genes that code for polypeptides
a DNA segment that serves as a kind of "switch" by controllin…
gene expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
Modern Biology Chapter 9
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
Modern Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
made primarily of carbon atoms
clusters of atoms that influence the characteristcs of the mo…
smaller, simpler molecules
a molecule that consists of repeated, linked units
organic compound
made primarily of carbon atoms
functional group
clusters of atoms that influence the characteristcs of the mo…
Modern Biology Chapter 7
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
reduced form of NAD+; electron-carrying molecule that functio…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
102 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
Chapter 5 modern biology
Passive transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
A process by which molecules move from a area of higher to a…
A process by which substances move down their concentration g…
Passive transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
the difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
a state that exists when the concentration of a substance is…
passive transport
the movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
diffusion
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
13 terms
Chapter 27 Modern Biology
Agriculture
Cereal
Root Crops
Legumes
Growing plants and Raising animals for human use.
Grasses that contain grains.
Roots or underground stems that are rich in carbohydrates
Members of the pea family and bear seeds in pods.
Agriculture
Growing plants and Raising animals for human use.
Cereal
Grasses that contain grains.
23 terms
Chapter 24 Modern Biology
virus
capsid
envelope
provirus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
Some viruses have a bilipid membrane called a (an) _______tha…
The inserted viral DNA into a host genome is known as a (an)…
virus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
capsid
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
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