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Study sets matching "modern biology"

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Study sets matching "modern biology"

45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
or cell membrane, acts as a barrier between the inside and ou…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
a concept that states that all living things are made up of c…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
element A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
atom (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an ele…
Matter
matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
mass A measure of the amount of matter in an object
102 terms
modern biology chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
30 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A genetically determined variant of a characteristic, such as…
Occurs when pollen grains produced in the anthers, are transf…
genetics
The field of biology devoted to understanding how characteris…
heredity
The transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring.
28 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomers
polymer
made primarily of carbon atoms
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
simple molecules that build carbon compounds
a molecule that consists of repeated linked units
organic compound
made primarily of carbon atoms
functional group
clusters of atoms influencing the characteristic of most orga…
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
movement of particles from regions of higher density to lower…
difference in the concentration of a substance across a dista…
state that exists when the concentration of a substance is th…
passive transport
movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use…
diffusion
movement of particles from regions of higher density to lower…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
Chromosomes
Histones
chromatid
Centromere
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
Each half of the chromosomes.
The point where two Chromatids are attached.
Chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins; condensed.
Histones
Maintain the shape of chromosomes and aid in the tight packin…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
34 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane (cell membrane)
cytoplasm
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
acts as a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell;…
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
cell theory
all living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
20 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 6
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light Reactions
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
when green plants and some bacteria capture light energy to p…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
First stage of photosynthesis. Named Because it requires ligh…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Photosynthesis
when green plants and some bacteria capture light energy to p…
38 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
reduced form of NAD+; electron-carrying molecule that functio…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 8
chromosome
histone
chromatid
centromere
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
one of the two strands of a chromosome that become visible du…
the region of the chromosome that holds the two sister chroma…
chromosome
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus th…
histone
a type of protein molecule found in the chromosomes of eukary…
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 12
sex chromosome
autosome
sex-linked trait
linked gene
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a trait that is determined by a gene found on one of the sex…
one of a pair of genes that tend to be inherited together
sex chromosome
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an i…
autosome
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
33 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 10
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
transcription
translation
protein synthesis
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
the portion of protein synthesis that takes place at ribosome…
the formation of proteins by using information contained in D…
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
a natural polymer that is present in all living cells and tha…
transcription
the process of forming a nucleic acid by using another molecu…
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 7
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
reduced form of NAD+; electron-carrying molecule that functio…
process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
process by which cells obtain energy from carbohydrates; oxyg…
pyruvic acid
three-carbon compound that is produced during flycolysis and…
46 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 2
acid
activation energy
adhesion
aqueous solution
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
the attractive force between two bodies of different substanc…
a solution in which water is the solvent
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
24 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 13
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
primers
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
A technique that quickly produces many copies of DNA fragment.
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20 t…
length polymorphisms
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
20 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 6
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light Reactions
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
First stage of photosynthesis. Named Because it requires ligh…
Autotroph
Organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals a…
Photosynthesis
The biochemical process by which green plants and some bacter…
29 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 11
gene expression
genome
structural gene
operator
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
genes that code for polypeptides
a DNA segment that serves as a kind of "switch" by controllin…
gene expression
the activation of a gene that results in transcription and th…
genome
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 9
Genetics
Heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
28 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 3
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
made primarily of carbon atoms
clusters of atoms that influence the characteristcs of the mo…
smaller, simpler molecules
a molecule that consists of repeated, linked units
organic compound
made primarily of carbon atoms
functional group
clusters of atoms that influence the characteristcs of the mo…
102 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 4
nucleoplasm
nuclear envelope
phospholipid bilayer
cilia
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
double layer of phospholipid molecules that makes up a plasma…
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in…
nucleoplasm
a jellylike liquid that fills the nucleus
nuclear envelope
a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus
13 terms
Chapter 27 Modern Biology
Agriculture
Cereal
Root Crops
Legumes
Growing plants and Raising animals for human use.
Grasses that contain grains.
Roots or underground stems that are rich in carbohydrates
Members of the pea family and bear seeds in pods.
Agriculture
Growing plants and Raising animals for human use.
Cereal
Grasses that contain grains.
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 5 Vocab
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
passive transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
Modern Biology Chapter 5
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
the difference in the concentration of molecules across a dis…
a state that exists when the concentration of a substance is…
passive transport
the movement of materials through a cell membrane without usi…
diffusion
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
17 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 20
Commensalism
Predation
Parasitism
Symbiosis
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
A relationship between two species in which one species, the…
A relationship between two species in which one species, the…
A relationship in which two different organisms live in close…
Commensalism
A relationship between two organisms in which one organism be…
Predation
A relationship between two species in which one species, the…
23 terms
Chapter 24 Modern Biology
virus
capsid
envelope
provirus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
Some viruses have a bilipid membrane called a (an) _______tha…
The inserted viral DNA into a host genome is known as a (an)…
virus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
capsid
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
16 terms
Modern Biology
biogenesis
spontaneous generation
radiometric dating
isotopes
all living things come from other living things
idea that living things come from nonliving things
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
biogenesis
all living things come from other living things
spontaneous generation
idea that living things come from nonliving things
38 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 12
X-linked gene
Y-linked gene
sex linkage
linkage group
a gene found on the X chromosome
a gene found on the Y chromosome
the presence of a gene on a sex chromosome
the group of genes, located on the same chromosome, that are…
X-linked gene
a gene found on the X chromosome
Y-linked gene
a gene found on the Y chromosome
40 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes
describes an organism that only has one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
the degree of order in an organisms parts and interactions wi…
45 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 1
Biology
Organization
Cell
Unicellular
the scientific study of living organisms and their interactio…
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life proce…
describes an organism that consists of a single cell
Biology
the scientific study of living organisms and their interactio…
Organization
the high degree of order within an organism's internal and ex…
43 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 25
Protist
binary fission
Multiple Fission
Conjugation
Organisms that generally do not fit in any other kingdom.
A single protist cell divides into two cells.
A form of cell division that produces more than two offspring.
How protists reproduce sexually.
Protist
Organisms that generally do not fit in any other kingdom.
binary fission
A single protist cell divides into two cells.
19 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 15
evolution
strata
natural selection
adaptation
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
layers of rock
the process by which individuals that are better adapted to t…
the process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomi…
evolution
generally, in biology, the process of change by which new spe…
strata
layers of rock
31 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 17
biodiversity
taxonomy
taxon
kingdom
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
the science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
any particular group within a taxonomic system
the highest taxonomic category, which contains a group of sim…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
taxonomy
the science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
33 terms
Chapter 5 modern biology
Passive transport
Active Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
A process by which molecules move from a area of higher to a…
A process by which substances move down their concentration g…
Passive transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane, without t…
Active Transport
The movement of a substance across a cell membrane against th…
26 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 21
biome
tundra
permafrost
tropical forests
very large climatic region that contains a number of smaller…
cold and largely treeless biome that forms a continuous belt…
a permanently frozen layer of soil under the soil
occur near the equator between 23.5°N and 23.5°S known as the…
biome
very large climatic region that contains a number of smaller…
tundra
cold and largely treeless biome that forms a continuous belt…
41 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 18
Ecology
Interdependence
Ecological Models
Biosphere
Study of the interactions between organisms and the living an…
Organisms depending on interacting with other organisms in th…
A way ecologists deal with the complex and difficult study of…
The broadest, most inclusive level of organization
Ecology
Study of the interactions between organisms and the living an…
Interdependence
Organisms depending on interacting with other organisms in th…
26 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 16
microevolution
population genetics
bell curve
gene pool
evolution resulting from small specific genetic changes that…
The study of genetic changes in populations; the science of m…
Bell-shaped curve; typically results from graphing frequency…
combined genetic information of all the members of a particul…
microevolution
evolution resulting from small specific genetic changes that…
population genetics
The study of genetic changes in populations; the science of m…
25 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 22
Atmosphere
Acid Precipitation
Biosphere
Biodiversity
Mixture of gases that surround Earth
Rain, sleet, or snow that contain a high concentration of aci…
The part of earth where life exists; includes all living orga…
the variety of organisms considered at all levels, from popul…
Atmosphere
Mixture of gases that surround Earth
Acid Precipitation
Rain, sleet, or snow that contain a high concentration of aci…
23 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 24
virus
capsid
envelope
provirus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
Some viruses have a bilipid membrane called a (an) _______tha…
The inserted viral DNA into a host genome is known as a (an)…
virus
A (an)_______is a nonliving particle made up of nucleic acid…
capsid
A protein coat, or _______is the only layer surrounding some…
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