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Study sets matching "molecular biology mbio 1"

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Study sets matching "molecular biology mbio 1"

44 terms
MBio Unit 1- Prokaryotic Biology
Coccus
Bacillus
Coccobacillus
Vimbrio
(shape) roughly spherical
rod-shaped
short and plump
gently curved
Coccus
(shape) roughly spherical
Bacillus
rod-shaped
22 terms
2.1 Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Carbon compounds
A covalent bond if formed?
Hydroxyl group
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
When two adjacent atoms share a pair of electrons, with one e…
-OH
Molecular Biology
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Key Carbon compou…
Unit 1 - Molecular Biology
hydrogen bond
Hydrogen bonds and Protein structure
Hydrogen bonds and DNA
Covalent bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Within the long protein chains there are regions in which the…
Hydrogen bonding also plays an important role in determining…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
hydrogen bond
A type of weak chemical bond formed when the slightly positiv…
Hydrogen bonds and Protein structure
Within the long protein chains there are regions in which the…
43 terms
Molecular Biology Exam 1
Key steps of homologous recombination
RecBCD pathway
RecA
SPO11... HO in yeast cells
1) Alignment of two homologous (not identical...they could be…
Eukaryotic homologues: MRX (in mice) and MRN (in humans)... 1)…
Eukaryotic homologues: Rad51 and Dmc1 (in meiosis)... Function:…
Involved in programmed generation of double-stranded breaks d…
Key steps of homologous recombination
1) Alignment of two homologous (not identical...they could be…
RecBCD pathway
Eukaryotic homologues: MRX (in mice) and MRN (in humans)... 1)…
65 terms
Molecular Biology - Exam 1
This hypothesis stated that genetic ma…
The organisms (2) used in Griffith's e…
The independent variable in Oswald Ave…
The methodology used in the Hershey-Ch…
Frederick Griffith's hypothesis
S and R strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae; mice
Enzymes: proteinases, RNase, or DNase
Radioactive labeling (i.e., of T2 protein coat and DNA)
This hypothesis stated that genetic ma…
Frederick Griffith's hypothesis
The organisms (2) used in Griffith's e…
S and R strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae; mice
34 terms
MBio Unit 1- Eukaryotic Cell Biology
Eukaryote Flagellum
Cilia
Cell Wall
Cytoplasmic Membrane
structure: multi-protein complex, microtubule core (9x2+2)... Fu…
microtubules (9 pairs +2 array); shorter than flagellum more…
structure: rigid; different chemically from prokaryotic cell…
Bilayer of phospholipids with protein molecules embedded ... als…
Eukaryote Flagellum
structure: multi-protein complex, microtubule core (9x2+2)... Fu…
Cilia
microtubules (9 pairs +2 array); shorter than flagellum more…
21 terms
Week 1: Molecular Biology
Transcription
RNA polymerase
mRNA
Initiation
The process of copying a DNA strand to a mRNA strand as aided…
The protein responsible for transcribing the messenger RNA by…
A strand of 5' to 3' RNA which carries a copy of a code for a…
Process of Transcription where after RNA polymerase binds to…
Transcription
The process of copying a DNA strand to a mRNA strand as aided…
RNA polymerase
The protein responsible for transcribing the messenger RNA by…
29 terms
Molecular Biology, part 1
cellular respiration
fermentation
glucose
metabolism
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
A simple sugar that is an important source of energy.
Chemical reactions that allow food to be converted into usabl…
cellular respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from g…
51 terms
Molecular Biology Unit 1
DNA Length
A Form of DNA
B Form of DNA
Z Form of DNA
One helical repeat = 10 bp and 34 Angstrom long = 3.4 nm = 3.…
Differs from the A form in that the plane of a base pair is n…
Sodium salt of DNA fiber produced at very high relative humid…
Left-handed helical form of DNA
DNA Length
One helical repeat = 10 bp and 34 Angstrom long = 3.4 nm = 3.…
A Form of DNA
Differs from the A form in that the plane of a base pair is n…
20 terms
2.1 Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Carbon compounds
A covalent bond if formed?
Hydroxyl group
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Carbon compounds…
When two adjacent atoms share a pair of electrons, with one e…
Molecular Biology
Explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Carbon compounds
Carbon atoms can form 4 covalent bonds ... *4 Carbon compounds…
64 terms
biology unit 1 molecular biology
monomer
polymer
organic
polymerization
A simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
A large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buil…
Molecules containing carbon. All examples of Carbohydrates, L…
A chemical reaction/process that combines several monomers to…
monomer
A simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
polymer
A large molecule consisting of many similar or identical buil…
16 terms
1. Molecular Biology
covalent bonds
hydrogen bonds
types of covalent bonds
ionic bonds
bonds with shared electrons which can only be broken down by…
bonds involving hydrogen and an electronegative atom ... -weaker…
1. polar- unequal sharing of electrons... 2. non polar- equal sh…
the attraction between positively and negatively charged atom…
covalent bonds
bonds with shared electrons which can only be broken down by…
hydrogen bonds
bonds involving hydrogen and an electronegative atom ... -weaker…
110 terms
Molecular Biology (5.1)
Nucleic acids
DNA building block
nitrogenous bases
Vitamin B1 is?
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid... RNA Ribonucleic Acid
dNTP Deoxyribonucleoside 5' trisphosphate... = deoxynucleotide
Adenine... Cytosine... Guanine... Thymine
Thiamine
Nucleic acids
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid... RNA Ribonucleic Acid
DNA building block
dNTP Deoxyribonucleoside 5' trisphosphate... = deoxynucleotide
69 terms
Exam 1 Molecular Biology
Transmission genetics
Chromosome
Filial generation (F1)
Thomas Hunt Morgan
expected ratios of parent genotypes, given to offspring genot…
chromotid if range of genes on one strand (S's) range on one…
Any generation that is resulting from a genetically controlle…
used the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, to study genetics
Transmission genetics
expected ratios of parent genotypes, given to offspring genot…
Chromosome
chromotid if range of genes on one strand (S's) range on one…
18 terms
Topic 2.1 Molecular Biology
Glucose
Ribose
Triglyceride
Phospholipid
Glucose
Ribose
90 terms
Semester 1: Molecular biology
Chargaff's rule
Nucleotide
How many hydrogen bonds hold A-T?
How many hydrogen bonds hold G-C?
DNA is 50% purines (A,G) and 50% pyrimidines (C, T, U).
Pentose sugar. Deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA.... Nitrogenous…
Two
Three
Chargaff's rule
DNA is 50% purines (A,G) and 50% pyrimidines (C, T, U).
Nucleotide
Pentose sugar. Deoxyribose in DNA, ribose in RNA.... Nitrogenous…
65 terms
Molecular Biology - Exam 1
This hypothesis stated that genetic ma…
The organisms (2) used in Griffith's e…
The independent variable in Oswald Ave…
The methodology used in the Hershey-Ch…
Frederick Griffith's hypothesis
S and R strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae; mice
Enzymes: proteinases, RNase, or DNase
Radioactive labeling (i.e., of T2 protein coat and DNA)
This hypothesis stated that genetic ma…
Frederick Griffith's hypothesis
The organisms (2) used in Griffith's e…
S and R strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae; mice
48 terms
Molecular biology ch 1
amino acid
archaeon (plural arch[a]ea) (archaebac…
bacterium (plural bacteria) (eubacterium
DNA replication
Organic mol. containing an amino + a carboxyl group. Building…
Single-celled organism w/o a nucleus, superficially similar t…
Member of the domain bacteria, 1 of the 3 main branches of th…
Process by which a copy of a DNA molecule is made.
amino acid
Organic mol. containing an amino + a carboxyl group. Building…
archaeon (plural arch[a]ea) (archaebac…
Single-celled organism w/o a nucleus, superficially similar t…
92 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology Exam: 1
The levels of organization of multicel…
What is an emergent property
5 kingdoms
3 Domains
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
Fungi, Plantae, Animalia, Protists
Archea, Bacteria, and Eukaryotic
The levels of organization of multicel…
The Cell: Basic Unit of Life... Tissue: A collection of cells... Or…
What is an emergent property
A property thet a collection or complex system has, but the i…
55 terms
Biology IB Molecular Biology 1
What is the theory of vitalism?
State some of the most frequently occu…
What is 'Urea'?
Explain the Falsification of Vitalism…
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen.
It is a component of urine which is produced when there is an…
Urea was believed to be a product of the kidneys and could on…
What is the theory of vitalism?
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
State some of the most frequently occu…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen.
40 terms
Molecular Biology Topic 1
What is the function of DNA
What is the function of RNA
What is the function of tRNA
Draw structure of a DNA nucleotide... Nam…
storage of genetic materials... template for RNA/protein generat…
transient message for creation of proteins
convert genetic code to amino acid
RNA has ribose. ... RNA uses Uracil... RNA has a 2'OH
What is the function of DNA
storage of genetic materials... template for RNA/protein generat…
What is the function of RNA
transient message for creation of proteins
12 terms
Molecular Biology 2.1
What are carbohydrates?
What are lipids?
Amino acid structure
Types of fatty acids
-Contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - Organic compounds con…
Group of organic molecules that are insoluble in water but so…
- Saturated (No bond)... - Monounsaturated (One bond)... - Polyunsa…
What are carbohydrates?
-Contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen ... - Organic compounds con…
What are lipids?
Group of organic molecules that are insoluble in water but so…
81 terms
Molecular Biology Test 1
Accuracy
Precision
Percent Error
Common properties of all organisms
How close measurements are to a true value
How close measurements are to each other
(Mean - True Value)/ True Value x 100
- Order (ex: cells)... - Regulate internal environment (ex: temp…
Accuracy
How close measurements are to a true value
Precision
How close measurements are to each other
46 terms
Unit 1: Molecular Biology
Organic Chemistry
Biochemistry
4 most common elements
Less common, but important elements
Chemistry of carbon compounds
Organic chemistry branch explaining chemistry in living organ…
CHON
Sulfur, calcium, phosphorous, iron, sodium
Organic Chemistry
Chemistry of carbon compounds
Biochemistry
Organic chemistry branch explaining chemistry in living organ…
27 terms
Chapter 1-Molecular biology
Molecular Biology
Watson and Crick
Six ways of scientific discovery
Heredity
The study of biology at the molecular level
Structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a double helix, 1…
1. Discoveries are "rediscovered"... 2. Approach of in vivo and…
The transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring…
Molecular Biology
The study of biology at the molecular level
Watson and Crick
Structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a double helix, 1…
12 terms
Molecular Biology 1
ATP
Cellular respiration
Food
Glucose
A molecule in cells which stores energy that can be easily us…
Chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules…
Organic substances used by living things as fuel or building…
Sugar molecule produced during photosynthesis and used as the…
ATP
A molecule in cells which stores energy that can be easily us…
Cellular respiration
Chemical process where mitochondria break down food molecules…
29 terms
Molecular biology 1
What is the central dogma of informati…
What are the 2 nucleic acids and what…
What is the difference between DNA and…
How do the bases link together?
RNA - intermediate for making proteins... DNA - stores genetic i…
DNA has hydroxide group missing on C2
1. 5' - 3' Phosphodiester linkeage... 2. Condensation reaction a…
What is the central dogma of informati…
What are the 2 nucleic acids and what…
RNA - intermediate for making proteins... DNA - stores genetic i…
145 terms
Molecular Biology Exam 1
organism
In order to be alive, an organism must…
Cell Theory
Bacteria
a living entity made up of one or more cells.
Energy: use and acquire energy... Cells: made up of cells... Inform…
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
A domain of life existing as small unicellular microorganisms
organism
a living entity made up of one or more cells.
In order to be alive, an organism must…
Energy: use and acquire energy... Cells: made up of cells... Inform…
23 terms
Molecular Cell Biology 1
controversy
ineligible
postulate
material
a disagreement among many people.
not suitable to be selected or chosen
to hypothesize; propose
a substance that things can be made from
controversy
a disagreement among many people.
ineligible
not suitable to be selected or chosen
14 terms
Molecular Biology 12.1
Griffith (Grif the Rat)
Avery (He's with/worked off the Rat)
Hershey and Chase... (Used the Virus to…
Nucleotides... (G and A have a Double Rin…
_____ Performed the first major experiment that led to the di…
______ Identified the molecule that transformed the R strain…
____ ___ ____... Used radioactive labeling to trace the DNA and…
__________.... Consist of a five-carbon sugar, a phosphate group…
Griffith (Grif the Rat)
_____ Performed the first major experiment that led to the di…
Avery (He's with/worked off the Rat)
______ Identified the molecule that transformed the R strain…
Molecular Biology Exam 1 MC
proteins
molecular switches
kinases
phosphatase
polypeptide made up of amino acids
change the state of target proteins. 2 types: kinases/phospha…
covalently adds phosphate group. addition of a phosphate grou…
removes phosphate group by breaking covalent bond
proteins
polypeptide made up of amino acids
molecular switches
change the state of target proteins. 2 types: kinases/phospha…
114 terms
Molecular Biology (5.1)
Nucleic acids
DNA building block
which OH is missing in DNA
nitrogenous bases
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid... RNA Ribonucleic Acid
dNTP Deoxyribonucleoside 5' trisphosphate... = deoxynucleotide
Carbon 2
Adenine... Cytosine... Guanine... Thymine
Nucleic acids
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid... RNA Ribonucleic Acid
DNA building block
dNTP Deoxyribonucleoside 5' trisphosphate... = deoxynucleotide
239 terms
Molecular and Cellular Biology 1
Atoms
Neutron
Proton
Electron
All living things and other matter are composed of
Part of an atom with neutral charge
Part of an atom with positive charge
Part of an atom with negative charge
Atoms
All living things and other matter are composed of
Neutron
Part of an atom with neutral charge
20 terms
Molecular Biology 2.1
Ribose
Glucose
Saturated Fatty Acids
Amino Acids
Ribose
Glucose
12 terms
Molecular Biology 1
Cellular Respiration
Oxidation (of glucose)
Cell
Plasma (Cell) Membrane
the process of cells taking in glucose (sugar) and oxygen and…
When sugars combine with oxygen to turn into CO₂ and H₂O
a group of organelles working together to carry out life func…
outer covering of the cell that controls what enters and leaves
Cellular Respiration
the process of cells taking in glucose (sugar) and oxygen and…
Oxidation (of glucose)
When sugars combine with oxygen to turn into CO₂ and H₂O
8 terms
Molecular Biology 1
Active Transport
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy.
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
Active Transport
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy.
Passive Transport
The transportation of materials across a plasma membrane with…
9 terms
Molecular Biology Section 1
Biology
Ms. Morgan
adenine
deoxyribose
The study of life
(noun): Biology Teacher
a nitrogen base that pairs with thymine in DNA or uracil in R…
a type of sugar related to ribose that differs by having a hy…
Biology
The study of life
Ms. Morgan
(noun): Biology Teacher
45 terms
Topic 1: Molecular Biology
Covalent Bonding
Peptide Bonding
Cohesion (hydrogen bonding)
Adhesion (hydrogen bonding)
- sharing of electrons pairs between atoms
- between two molecules when the carboxyl group reacts with t…
- bonding between the same molecules ... - important in water tr…
- hydrogen bonds form between H2O and polar molecules ... - in l…
Covalent Bonding
- sharing of electrons pairs between atoms
Peptide Bonding
- between two molecules when the carboxyl group reacts with t…
55 terms
Molecular Biology Unit 1
Transition mutation
Transversion mutation
Substitution mutation
Small deletions/insertions
purine to purine OR pyrimidine to pyrimidine (on same DNA str…
purine to pyrimidine (or vice versa) on same DNA strand; a su…
When this occurs in an exon , it can result in a codon change…
In exons, these often change the reading frame (frameshift mu…
Transition mutation
purine to purine OR pyrimidine to pyrimidine (on same DNA str…
Transversion mutation
purine to pyrimidine (or vice versa) on same DNA strand; a su…
60 terms
Chapter 1 Molecular Biology
Carbon Skeletons
Chained Carbon Skeletons
Branched Carbon Skeletons
Ringed Carbon Skeletons
Has a unique role in the cell because of its ability to form…
Carbon Skeletons
Has a unique role in the cell because of its ability to form…
Chained Carbon Skeletons
60 terms
Biology | Molecular Cell Exam 1
Chemical Equilibrium
Equilibrium Reactions
Keq allows you to determine __________…
Dissociation constant (Kd)
Rates of forward and reverse reaction become equal
Rate of the forward reaction = k1[A][B]... Rate of the back reac…
equilibrium concentrations ... ~ if Keq is greater than the curr…
Reflects the affinity of the interacting molecules... ~ what is…
Chemical Equilibrium
Rates of forward and reverse reaction become equal
Equilibrium Reactions
Rate of the forward reaction = k1[A][B]... Rate of the back reac…
76 terms
Molecular Biology Test #1
What are the Characteristics of living…
What is Cell Theory?
What is the theory of evolution by nat…
ALL SPECIES ARE...
Energy, cells, information(genetic), replication, and evolution
All organisms are made of cells, and all cells come from pree…
Species are related by common ancestry and all species have c…
RELATED BY COMMON ANCESTRY
What are the Characteristics of living…
Energy, cells, information(genetic), replication, and evolution
What is Cell Theory?
All organisms are made of cells, and all cells come from pree…
24 terms
Molecular Genetics, Pt. 1 - AP Biology
Griffith
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Hershey and Chase
Rosalind Franklin
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
Carried out experiments that lent strong support to the theor…
Carried out X-ray crystallography analysis of DNA that showed…
Griffith
Bacterial Transformation: Scientist who revealed that harmles…
Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty
Isolated and purified bacterial transformation factor and pro…
34 terms
Chapter 1 - Cell & Molecular Biology
cytology
What did Robert Hook do?
biochemistry
what was the study of the pathways of…
study of the structure and function of cells mainly through o…
Coined the term 'cell' meaning 'tiny room' after he observed…
chemistry dealing with chemical compounds and processes in li…
to trace the metabolic fate of certain atoms and molecules
cytology
study of the structure and function of cells mainly through o…
What did Robert Hook do?
Coined the term 'cell' meaning 'tiny room' after he observed…
55 terms
IB Molecular Biology 1
What is the theory of vitalism?
State some of the most frequently occu…
What is 'Urea'?
Explain the Falsification of Vitalism…
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen.
It is a component of urine which is produced when there is an…
Urea was believed to be a product of the kidneys and could on…
What is the theory of vitalism?
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
State some of the most frequently occu…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen.
157 terms
Molecular Biology 1
1930's search. require? known? unknown…
Describe Frederick Griffith's experime…
What was Frederick Griffith's observat…
What were 2 implications/conclusions f…
search for molecular carrier of genetic info.... - requires: sta…
in 1928, mixed non-virulent strains of Strep with killed, vir…
the transformations (in the strains) represented hereditary c…
1.) when the pathogenic cells are killed (heat), their DNA is…
1930's search. require? known? unknown…
search for molecular carrier of genetic info.... - requires: sta…
Describe Frederick Griffith's experime…
in 1928, mixed non-virulent strains of Strep with killed, vir…
30 terms
Molecular Biology 2.1
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
DNA makes RNA makes Proteins
Series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell that are…
All chemical transformations that occur in all metabolic path…
They do not believe molecules can have duel roles or interact…
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
DNA makes RNA makes Proteins
1. The structure of DNA was discovered…
Series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell that are…
49 terms
Molecular Biology 1-21
The central dogma of molecular biology…
___ is a template for it's own replica…
The ___ of a DNA strand is transcribed…
The anti-sense strand of DNA is also c…
DNA → RNA → Polypeptide (2)
DNA (4)
Anti-sense strand (4)
Template (4)
The central dogma of molecular biology…
DNA → RNA → Polypeptide (2)
___ is a template for it's own replica…
DNA (4)
21 terms
Molecular Biology 1
DNA
Double helix
Central dogma of molecular biology
Transformation
double stranded nucleic acid that composes genes and chromoso…
double spiral shape of the DNA molecule
a framework for understanding the transfer of information bet…
the change in genotype and phenotype of a cell/organism due t…
DNA
double stranded nucleic acid that composes genes and chromoso…
Double helix
double spiral shape of the DNA molecule
5 terms
Molecular Biology 1 and 2
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Template
SNP
Oligonucleotide Primers
A process in which one can start with a very small amount of…
A small part of your own genomic DNA taken from your cheek ce…
(Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) can exist where a nucleotide…
Short sequences of single stranded DNA that are complimentary…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
A process in which one can start with a very small amount of…
Template
A small part of your own genomic DNA taken from your cheek ce…
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