How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "molecular biology microbiology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "molecular biology microbiology"

37 terms
Microbiology & Molecular Biology Vocabulary
Microbiology
Virus
Bacteria
Protozoa
explores microscopic organisms including viruses, bacteria, p…
a nonliving, disease-causing particle that uses the materials…
a large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause di…
animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying par…
Microbiology
explores microscopic organisms including viruses, bacteria, p…
Virus
a nonliving, disease-causing particle that uses the materials…
44 terms
Microbiology Ch 4 "Molecular Biology"
Gene
3 Informational macromolecules in a cell
3 Stages of flow for genetic information
Replication
Functional unit of genetic information
DNA, RNA, Protein
Replication, Transcription, translation
DNA is duplicated
Gene
Functional unit of genetic information
3 Informational macromolecules in a cell
DNA, RNA, Protein
Microbiology & Molecular Biology Vocabulary
Protozoa
Algae
Vaccine
Antibiotic
animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying par…
very large and diverse group of eukaryotic organisms, ranging…
biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity…
substance that can destroy bacteria.
Protozoa
animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying par…
Algae
very large and diverse group of eukaryotic organisms, ranging…
159 terms
Microbiology/Molecular Biology
biotechnology
How much biomass do they account for?
What areas have the most microbes?
Guilds
application of microorganims for a purpose
Roughly half of all biomass on earth!
Soil, the human mouth, and marine water
metabolically related populations; make up microbial communit…
biotechnology
application of microorganims for a purpose
How much biomass do they account for?
Roughly half of all biomass on earth!
Microbiology & Molecular Biology Vocabulary
Microbiology
Virus
Bacteria
Protozoa
explores microscopic organisms including viruses, bacteria, p…
a nonliving, disease-causing particle that uses the materials…
a large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause di…
animal-like protists that eat other organisms or decaying par…
Microbiology
explores microscopic organisms including viruses, bacteria, p…
Virus
a nonliving, disease-causing particle that uses the materials…
41 terms
Microbiology Molecular Biology
Replication
pyrimidines
purines
sugar
duplication of the DNA
cytosine and thymine
adenine and guanine
2-deoxyribose
Replication
duplication of the DNA
pyrimidines
cytosine and thymine
31 terms
Bacteriophage Biology - Molecular Microbiology
Hanken, Herelle, and Twort
tail
ms2
t4
three scientists involved in discovery of bacteriophages
structure on a bacteriophage that allows for penetration of c…
bacteriophage with no tail, just head
bacteriophage with an elaborate body
Hanken, Herelle, and Twort
three scientists involved in discovery of bacteriophages
tail
structure on a bacteriophage that allows for penetration of c…
19 terms
Microbiology 400 MICROBIAL MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Central Dogma
DNA
Right-handed helix
Minor Groove
DNA (Replication) ---Transcription---> RNA ---Translation--->…
is a polymer of nucleotides... Nitrogenous base... Purine: adenine…
Minor Groove... Major Groove
Backbones are closer together
Central Dogma
DNA (Replication) ---Transcription---> RNA ---Translation--->…
DNA
is a polymer of nucleotides... Nitrogenous base... Purine: adenine…
166 terms
Microbiology 04 - Molecular Biology in Microorganisms
The Microscope studies in 1924 found D…
Griffith's experiment in 1928 found th…
In 1944, the ___-___-___ experiment co…
Many scientists long believed "DNA is…
chromosomes
heat-stable
Avery-MacLeod-McCarty; purified
simple
The Microscope studies in 1924 found D…
chromosomes
Griffith's experiment in 1928 found th…
heat-stable
166 terms
Microbiology 04 - Molecular Biology in Microorganisms
The Microscope studies in 1924 found D…
Griffith's experiment in 1928 found th…
In 1944, the ___-___-___ experiment co…
Many scientists long believed "DNA is…
chromosomes
heat-stable
Avery-MacLeod-McCarty; purified
simple
The Microscope studies in 1924 found D…
chromosomes
Griffith's experiment in 1928 found th…
heat-stable
14 terms
Microbiology Applications in Molecular Biology Lecture
Rosalind Franklin
Who is responsible (credited) for the…
Who discovered the nuclein?
Who invented PCR?
Used X ray crystallography to view first picture of DNA struc…
Watson and Crick
Johannes Friedrich Miescher
Kary Mullis
Rosalind Franklin
Used X ray crystallography to view first picture of DNA struc…
Who is responsible (credited) for the…
Watson and Crick
115 terms
Microbiology exam 2: Molecular Biology
DNA----___________-->RNA----__________…
Transcription:... tRNA, rRNA and ________
Translation:... mRNA through the ________…
DNA and RNA synthesis both occurs in t…
transcription, translation
mRNA
ribosome
5, 3
DNA----___________-->RNA----__________…
transcription, translation
Transcription:... tRNA, rRNA and ________
mRNA
42 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11 Viral Molecular Biology Summary
phage T4 virion
T4
T4 DNA
Rolling-circle replication
This consists of a head containing its DNA genome and accesso…
This is adsorbed by binding of the tail fibers to bacterial o…
Injection of this through the internal tube leads to lytic in…
This generates progeny genomes linked in a concatemer. The co…
phage T4 virion
This consists of a head containing its DNA genome and accesso…
T4
This is adsorbed by binding of the tail fibers to bacterial o…
35 terms
Microbiology Chapter 11 Viral Molecular Biology Quiz
c. can facilitate rapid evolution of n…
a. animal cells lack a cell wall. ... Th…
c. blood transfusion.... HCV is known to…
a. neurons of the ganglia.... The primar…
A segmented viral genome... Select one:... a. fragments into nucleo…
Compared to bacteriophages, animal viruses usually have an ea…
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is primarily acquired through... Select…
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes latent infection in the reg…
c. can facilitate rapid evolution of n…
A segmented viral genome... Select one:... a. fragments into nucleo…
a. animal cells lack a cell wall. ... Th…
Compared to bacteriophages, animal viruses usually have an ea…
76 terms
Microbiology Ch. 6: Molecular Biology of Bacteria
gene
central dogma
steps of "information flow"
replication
unit of heredity that encodes the sequence information for a…
unidirectional transfer of info from a nucleic acid to protein
1) replication... 2) transcription... 3) translation
duplication of the double stranded DNA to for two double stra…
gene
unit of heredity that encodes the sequence information for a…
central dogma
unidirectional transfer of info from a nucleic acid to protein
45 terms
Molecular Biology
double helix
nucleotide
adenine
thymine
determined by watson and crick; structure of DNA
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, ph…
purine that pairs with thymine
pyrimidine (single ring) that pairs with adenine
double helix
determined by watson and crick; structure of DNA
nucleotide
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, ph…
21 terms
Microbiology Lecture 6: The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
transcription
RNA polymerase
gene
promoter
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template from 5' to 3…
protein that synthesizes single stranded RNA using DNA template
a region of DNA that is the template for a protein or noncodi…
regulatory region on DNA found upstream of a gene involved in…
transcription
synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA template from 5' to 3…
RNA polymerase
protein that synthesizes single stranded RNA using DNA template
24 terms
Molecular Biology
molecule
organic
monomer
polymer
2 or more atoms bonded together
Contains carbon
A molecule that can combine with others to form a polymer.
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical monom…
molecule
2 or more atoms bonded together
organic
Contains carbon
11 terms
Molecular Biology
DNA
DNA replication
RNA
mRNA
double stranded double helix, ATCG bases, nucleic acid
to copy DNA
single stranded, AUCG bases, nucleic acid
messenger RNA, copies the DNA code and moves it to the ribosome
DNA
double stranded double helix, ATCG bases, nucleic acid
DNA replication
to copy DNA
16 terms
Lecture 4: Overview of Molecular Biology and Microbiology
Reproduction
Complementary
Uridine
Thymidine
Requires passing of genetic material
Two strands of DNA are mirror images
Uracil + Ribose +Phosphate group
Thymine + Ribose + Phosphate group
Reproduction
Requires passing of genetic material
Complementary
Two strands of DNA are mirror images
168 terms
Chapter 6 - Molecular Biology of Bacteria - Microbiology
Define gene.
Where are genes located, and what are…
What are the 3 informational macromole…
What are the 2 reasons for double-stra…
Functional unit of genetic information
Genes are in cells, and composed of DNA.
- DNA... - RNA... - protein... **DNA and RNA are in nucleotide
- stability... - prevention of mutation
Define gene.
Functional unit of genetic information
Where are genes located, and what are…
Genes are in cells, and composed of DNA.
13 terms
Molecular Biology
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
amino acids
carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; us…
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water;…
carbon compounds composed of one or more chains of amino acids
subunits of proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, a…
carbohydrates
carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; us…
lipids
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water;…
58 terms
Molecular Microbiology
structure of nucleotides
purines
pyrimidines
ribose
composed of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and a phosphate…
adenine and guanine
cytosine, thymine, uracil
structure of nucleotides
composed of nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and a phosphate…
purines
adenine and guanine
20 terms
Introduction to Microbiology Techniques/Application of Molecular Biology to Medicine
Electrophoresis: -ve charges moves to
Purine
Pyrimidine
Bacterial transformation
anode
Adenine... Guanine
Cytosine... Thymine
introduce plasmid to host bacterium... make small pores in cell…
Electrophoresis: -ve charges moves to
anode
Purine
Adenine... Guanine
142 terms
Molecular Microbiology
What is a gene?
Central dogma of molecular biology
Exception to central dogma?
Three stages of genetic information flow
Functional unit of genetic information in a cell
DNA-->RNA-->Protein
retroviruses use reverse transcriptase to make DNA from RNA
Replication, Transcription, Translation
What is a gene?
Functional unit of genetic information in a cell
Central dogma of molecular biology
DNA-->RNA-->Protein
47 terms
Molecular Microbiology
Central Dogma of molecular biology
Microbiology focuses on...
Three stages of genetic information flow
mRNA
DNA -> RNA -> Protein
understanding the interactions between DNA, RNA and protein
Replication, Transcription and Translation
encodes polypeptides
Central Dogma of molecular biology
DNA -> RNA -> Protein
Microbiology focuses on...
understanding the interactions between DNA, RNA and protein
14 terms
Molecular Biology
isotope
radioactive isotope
Electron Configuration
polar covalent bonds
A variant of an element that differs only in its number of ne…
an isotope whose nucleus decays spontaneously, giving off par…
the arrangement of electrons in an atom
a type of covalent bond between atoms that differ in electron…
isotope
A variant of an element that differs only in its number of ne…
radioactive isotope
an isotope whose nucleus decays spontaneously, giving off par…
20 terms
molecular microbiology
central dogma of molecular biolgy
gene
spliceosome
capping
DNA is template for own replication; the anti-sense strand of…
the nucleotide sequence coding for a single polypeptide chain…
removes introns and joins adjacent exons to form mature RNA
occurs before transcription is complete; the addition of a me…
central dogma of molecular biolgy
DNA is template for own replication; the anti-sense strand of…
gene
the nucleotide sequence coding for a single polypeptide chain…
22 terms
Molecular Biology
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Nutrient
ATP
The process in which the cells of plants use light energy fro…
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
The compounds that provide building materials for living thin…
The energy created as a result of cellular respiration (we ma…
Photosynthesis
The process in which the cells of plants use light energy fro…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
28 terms
Molecular microbiology
RNA polymerase
Transcription unit
5' to 3'
Nucleoside
The enzyme responsable for transcription
A sequence of DNA transcribed into a single mRNA starting at…
The direction in which RNA pol moves to synthesise the new tr…
Base plus sugar
RNA polymerase
The enzyme responsable for transcription
Transcription unit
A sequence of DNA transcribed into a single mRNA starting at…
28 terms
Molecular Microbiology
DNA
mRNA
Gene
Polycistronic
Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
anti-sense strand of DNA transcribed into...
the nucleotide sequence coding for a single polypeptide chain…
a single mRNA that contains more than one coding region
DNA
Central Dogma of Molecular Biology
mRNA
anti-sense strand of DNA transcribed into...
10 terms
Molecular Microbiology
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diffusion
Osmosis
Self division of cells into 2 identical (genetically alike) c…
Special cell division process necessarily for sexual reproduc…
the spreading of molecules from areas of high concentration t…
the selective diffusion of water molecules across a membrane
Mitosis
Self division of cells into 2 identical (genetically alike) c…
Meiosis
Special cell division process necessarily for sexual reproduc…
9 terms
Molecular Microbiology
Mitosis
Meiosis
Metabolism
Cellular
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Meiosis
Cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually re…
11 terms
Molecular Microbiology
mass spectrometry
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Taq polymerase
denaturing
this process is considered the new standard for most bacteria…
this molecular technology is used to amplify a single or seve…
this is the heat stable polymerase used in PCR amplification.…
in this stage of PCR, the reaction is heated so as to denatur…
mass spectrometry
this process is considered the new standard for most bacteria…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
this molecular technology is used to amplify a single or seve…
92 terms
IB Biology - Molecular Biology
Name the most frequent elements in life
5 other necessary elements for life
Compound
Ionic bonds
CHON (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and are main elemen…
Sulfur: found in 2 amino acids... Calcium: chemical messenger th…
2 or more elements combined in a fixed ratio
one atom strips valence electrons from another atom (high ele…
Name the most frequent elements in life
CHON (Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and are main elemen…
5 other necessary elements for life
Sulfur: found in 2 amino acids... Calcium: chemical messenger th…
33 terms
Molecular Biology
Frederick Griffith
transformation
Oswald Avery
bacteriophages/phages
used pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria to discover transf…
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
tested the ability of inactivated DNA, RNA, and protein to tr…
viruses that infect bacteria
Frederick Griffith
used pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria to discover transf…
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
23 terms
Chapter 10 Microbiology Genetic Engineering: A Revolution in Molecular Biology
genetic engineering
bioengineering
biotechnology
enzymes for dicing splicing and revers…
basic knowledge is used to derive applied science or useful p…
direct, deliberate modification of an organism's genome
use of an organism's biochemical and metabolic pathways for i…
restriction endonucleases--recognize specific sequnces of DNA…
genetic engineering
basic knowledge is used to derive applied science or useful p…
bioengineering
direct, deliberate modification of an organism's genome
99 terms
IB Biology- Molecular Biology
molecular biology
carbon
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
carbon based molecules that are made in living organisms
any molecule that is produced through non-living means, e.g.…
molecular biology
the study of living processes in terms of the chemicals invol…
carbon
forms many different compounds due to four available covalent…
Molecular Biology
Most frequently occurring chemical ele…
Carbon atoms
Covalent Bonds
Carbohydrates
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Ability to form long chains of carbon - carbon-carbon bonds a…
Chemical bonds formed by the sharing of a pair of electrons b…
Carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen... The…
Most frequently occurring chemical ele…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen
Carbon atoms
Ability to form long chains of carbon - carbon-carbon bonds a…
33 terms
molecular microbiology
origin of replication nickname
Enzyme that removes supercoils
Enzyme that lays down RNA primers for…
DNA polymerase lays down
oriC
Gyrase
Primase
DNA
origin of replication nickname
oriC
Enzyme that removes supercoils
Gyrase
62 terms
Molecular Biology
electronegativity
covalent bonds
non-polar covalent bonds
polar covalent bond
an atoms attraction for its electrons
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
covalent bonds between atoms where electrons are shared equally
an unequal sharing of electrons in a covalent bond... the pulli…
electronegativity
an atoms attraction for its electrons
covalent bonds
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
46 terms
Molecular Biology
Organic chemistry is the chemistry of…
Name that 4 types of molecules that ma…
Carbon atoms can form how many covalen…
What is catabolism?
Carbon compounds
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
Four
The breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones
Organic chemistry is the chemistry of…
Carbon compounds
Name that 4 types of molecules that ma…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Proteins... Nucleic Acids
23 terms
Molecular Microbiology
One gene equals
What is polycistronic
Eukaryotes are usually
What does a spliceosome do
One polypeptide
mRNA with more than one coding region
Monocistronic
Removes introns and joins exons
One gene equals
One polypeptide
What is polycistronic
mRNA with more than one coding region
17 terms
Molecular microbiology
Methods of microbe isolation and ident…
Best time to collect sputum sample
Best time to collect blood
Pyrexia
1. microscopic... 2. culture and isolation... 3. detect antigens... 4.…
early morning so undiluted from food/drink
Temperature, highest viable no
Fever
Methods of microbe isolation and ident…
1. microscopic... 2. culture and isolation... 3. detect antigens... 4.…
Best time to collect sputum sample
early morning so undiluted from food/drink
32 terms
Molecular Biology
Nutrient
Carbohydrate
Protein
Calorie
A substance in food that provides the raw materials and energ…
Nutrient composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen that is a m…
Nutrient that contains nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen,…
The amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one g…
Nutrient
A substance in food that provides the raw materials and energ…
Carbohydrate
Nutrient composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen that is a m…
10 terms
Molecular Biology
Permeabillity
Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosomes
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
When a cell divides to form two cell that are identical, call…
The small bodies that carry genetic material
Permeabillity
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier
Reproduction
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
44 terms
Molecular Biology
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharides (Carbohydrate / Carboh…
Glucose (Monosaccharide)
Fructose (Monosaccharide)
Definition: A class of organic molecules containing carbon:hy…
Examples: Glucose, galactose, fructose, verbose... Three Common…
alpha-Glucose is a hexose, with hydroxyl groups at carbon 1,2…
alpha-Fructose is a pentose with the hydroxyl group at carbon…
Carbohydrates
Definition: A class of organic molecules containing carbon:hy…
Monosaccharides (Carbohydrate / Carboh…
Examples: Glucose, galactose, fructose, verbose... Three Common…
159 terms
Ch 4 molecular microbiology
Genome
Gene
DNA
DNA ... RNA... Protein
Complete set of data including all its genes... - each contain a…
functional unit of genetic info
Genes are in the cell and are composed of
3 informational macromolecules in cells
Genome
Complete set of data including all its genes... - each contain a…
Gene
functional unit of genetic info
201 terms
Molecular Biology
cftr
what is a cell? What are three compone…
cell -> whole body organization
central dogma of molecular bio
a chloride channel that hydrolyses app to open the channel... ch…
most basic unit of life... 1) obtain energy... 2) respond to enviro…
cell -> tissue -> organ -> organism
DNA-> RNA -> Protein -> Cellular Function
cftr
a chloride channel that hydrolyses app to open the channel... ch…
what is a cell? What are three compone…
most basic unit of life... 1) obtain energy... 2) respond to enviro…
23 terms
Molecular Biology
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Nutrient
ATP
The process in which the cells of plants use light energy fro…
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
The compounds that provide building materials for living thin…
The energy created as a result of cellular respiration (we ma…
Photosynthesis
The process in which the cells of plants use light energy fro…
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
1 of 10