Study sets matching "molecular biology"

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Study sets matching "molecular biology"

49 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Chapter 1 Terms
Abstract:
Applied science:
Atom:
Basic science:
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems
smallest and most fundamental unit of matter
science that seeks to expand knowledge and understanding rega…
Abstract:
opening section of a scientific paper that summarizes the res…
Applied science:
form of science that aims to solve real-world problems
32 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Cell Molecular Bio: Lecture 1
Two fundamental hypotheses about the o…
Hypotheesis of chemical evolution
Hypothesis of abiogenesis
Hypothesis of cosmic origin of life
Abiogenesis and creation
Large and complex molecules formed from simple molecules in t…
Life arose from non-living matter - different complex bio mol…
Life arrived on earth together with meteorites (does NOT expl…
Two fundamental hypotheses about the o…
Abiogenesis and creation
Hypotheesis of chemical evolution
Large and complex molecules formed from simple molecules in t…
15 termscreated on January 18, 2017
Tomatillo fossils
Nightshades
paleobotany
tomatillos
fossils
economycally important family of flowering plants
the branch of paleontology that deals with plant fossils and…
mini tomatoes
preserved remais of traces of animals, plants, or other organ…
Nightshades
economycally important family of flowering plants
paleobotany
the branch of paleontology that deals with plant fossils and…
64 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology midterm review
A bias
Testing explanations
Continue to learn as much as they can…
Data
A personal preference or point of view
Science differs from other disciplines l, such as history and…
Scientists will never know for sure why dinosaurs became exti…
Information gathered from observing a plant grow 3 cm over a…
A bias
A personal preference or point of view
Testing explanations
Science differs from other disciplines l, such as history and…
37 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Cell Cycle
What is the cell cycle?
What type of cells do not go through c…
Why do cells divide?
What is one type of cell that has a ra…
A series of events in which cells grow and divide
Nerve, brain and heart cells don't go through cell division
Growth, reproduction, and replacement
Skin cells
What is the cell cycle?
A series of events in which cells grow and divide
What type of cells do not go through c…
Nerve, brain and heart cells don't go through cell division
73 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 2
Matter
Essential elements
Protons
Dalton
Any substance that takes up space and has mass
HONC 1234 (# of covalent bonds)... Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, C…
Subatomic particle, has a positive charge
How we measure masses of subatomic particles (or atomic mass…
Matter
Any substance that takes up space and has mass
Essential elements
HONC 1234 (# of covalent bonds)... Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, C…
96 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology Midterm Review II
Anabolic steroid
Amine group
Acid
Aqueous solution
synthetic variant of the male hormone testosterone that is ab…
a functional group consisting of a nitrogen bonded to two hyd…
a substance that donates hydrogen ions to solutions
a solution in which water is the solvent
Anabolic steroid
synthetic variant of the male hormone testosterone that is ab…
Amine group
a functional group consisting of a nitrogen bonded to two hyd…
45 termscreated on January 17, 2017
AP Biology Molecular Genetics, Gene Regulation
Amino Acids
Anticodon
base-pairing rules
cell differentiation
Amino acids are biologically important organic compounds cont…
a sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
A with T: the purine adenine (A) always pairs with the pyrimi…
In developmental biology, cellular differentiation is the pro…
Amino Acids
Amino acids are biologically important organic compounds cont…
Anticodon
a sequence of three nucleotides forming a unit of genetic cod…
45 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Genetics
identify three conventional sub-discip…
gene
alleles
locus
transmission, population, molecular
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein
alternative forms of the same gene
a location on a chromosome
identify three conventional sub-discip…
transmission, population, molecular
gene
a segment of DNA that codes for a protein
16 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Campbell Biology 10th Edition- Chapter 4
organic chemistry
tetravalent
hydrocarbon
isomer
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
One of several compounds with the same molecular formula but…
organic chemistry
The study of carbon & hydrogen compounds (organic compounds).
tetravalent
4 electrons in valence shell, Ex. carbon
41 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Lecture 1- Intro to Mitosis/Meiosis
Transmission or Mendelian Genetics
Molecular Genetics
Population Genetics
Eukaryote
...
Study of the chemical nature of genetic information and how i…
Study of genetic composition of populations (groups of member…
Organism with a complex cell structure including a nuclear en…
Transmission or Mendelian Genetics
...
Molecular Genetics
Study of the chemical nature of genetic information and how i…
67 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Unit 4: Biochemistry
matter
element
atom
proton
anything that occupies space and has mass
a pure substance that can't be broken down into other substan…
basic unit of an element
+ charge
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
element
a pure substance that can't be broken down into other substan…
17 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Pathology Intro.
Pathology
Systemic Pathology
General Pathology
Pathogenesis
the study of disease (anything that is not normal)... - any devi…
Unique ways each system reacts to injury with specific diseas…
basic reaction of cells and tissues that are the basis of all…
the sequence of events that takes a cell/organ/animal from no…
Pathology
the study of disease (anything that is not normal)... - any devi…
Systemic Pathology
Unique ways each system reacts to injury with specific diseas…
21 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology Unit 1: Lecture Set
Hydrogen Bond
Solvent
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
In which a hydrogen atom donates most of its electron to a mo…
Agent for dissolving substances.
Ions and polar molecules are... because of their interactions…
Uncharged and nonpolar molecules are... because of their inte…
Hydrogen Bond
In which a hydrogen atom donates most of its electron to a mo…
Solvent
Agent for dissolving substances.
94 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Bio Midterm 2016-17
Biology
7 characteristics of life
cells, tissues,organs, organ systems,…
-multicellular: one or more cell ex-hu…
The science of life
-organization ... -response to stimuli ... -homeostasis ... -metabolis…
What does the organization of cells refer to?
State the difference between unicellular and multicellular or…
Biology
The science of life
7 characteristics of life
-organization ... -response to stimuli ... -homeostasis ... -metabolis…
44 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Anatomy and Physiology Ch1
Anatomy
Developmental Anatomy
Physiology
Gross Anatomy
The study of the structure of the body parts and their relati…
-Deals with the development of the organism from conception t…
The study of the function of the body's structural machinery
Regional: All structures in one part of the body (ex. abdomen…
Anatomy
The study of the structure of the body parts and their relati…
Developmental Anatomy
-Deals with the development of the organism from conception t…
56 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Late Night Biology Study Guide lel
Darwin's Theory on evolution
Lamarck
Malthus
Lyell
All species of organisms arise and develop through the natura…
Species do not become extinct but instead evolve into differe…
Found the idea that resources such as food, water, shelter we…
(Father of Modern Geology)Founded the idea that geologic proc…
Darwin's Theory on evolution
All species of organisms arise and develop through the natura…
Lamarck
Species do not become extinct but instead evolve into differe…
337 termscreated on January 17, 2017
AP Biology Midterm Review - All Information
energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
thermal energy
capacity to cause change
energy that matter has because of its location or structure
energy of motion
measure of kinetic energy due to molecular motion.
energy
capacity to cause change
potential energy
energy that matter has because of its location or structure
35 termscreated on January 17, 2017
AP Biology Ch.14 Notes
Describe the favored model of heredity…
Explain how Mendel's hypothesis of inh…
List several features of Mendel's meth…
Define true breeding, hybridization, m…
Called blending inheritance... Traits of the parents mix like pa…
Mendel demonstrated the particulate hypothesis Quantitatively…
Chose organism with many varieties and that gave thousands of…
True breeding: only gives parental phenotype when selfed... Hybr…
Describe the favored model of heredity…
Called blending inheritance... Traits of the parents mix like pa…
Explain how Mendel's hypothesis of inh…
Mendel demonstrated the particulate hypothesis Quantitatively…
28 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology Chapter 5
2 reasons why photsynthesis/plants are…
Why do we eat food
What part of the food chain are plants
Food contains energy in the form of.....
Make organic molecules that are used as food and building blo…
For energy & building blocks
PRODUCERS!!
Chemical potential energy
2 reasons why photsynthesis/plants are…
Make organic molecules that are used as food and building blo…
Why do we eat food
For energy & building blocks
17 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Genetics 1
What is genetics?
Genetics is Greek for what?
What is done in genetics?
Why does genetics matter?
The study of heredity or how characteristics are inherited fr…
Origin or the beginning
Genes or the molecular units of DNA are examined
It creates variation (is responsible for differences in a pop…
What is genetics?
The study of heredity or how characteristics are inherited fr…
Genetics is Greek for what?
Origin or the beginning
35 termscreated on January 17, 2017
ch 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
bacteria changes from non-virulent to virulent
virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium
basic unit of DNA
A=T/A=U G=C
transformation
bacteria changes from non-virulent to virulent
bacteriophage
virus that infects and replicates within a bacterium
33 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Endocrine System
The nervous system has been compared t…
Hormone
Chemically, hormones belong chiefly to…
Target Organ
Nervous system uses electrochemical impulses rapid control.…
Steroidal or amino acid based molecules released to the blood…
steroids; amino acid-based molecules
Organs that respond to a particular hormone/respond depends o…
The nervous system has been compared t…
Nervous system uses electrochemical impulses rapid control.…
Hormone
Steroidal or amino acid based molecules released to the blood…
33 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Zoology
4 common bonds that life shares
4 pieces that support evolution
Fossilization occurs in these places
Taxons
Dna... Cells... Movement... Evolution
Fossils... Embryology ... Analytic structure ... Molecular biology
Damp or semi-aquatic, like a jungle or a coast
Kingdom-animalia, Phylum-chordata, Class-mammala,... Order-prima…
4 common bonds that life shares
Dna... Cells... Movement... Evolution
4 pieces that support evolution
Fossils... Embryology ... Analytic structure ... Molecular biology
5 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Plant Physiology
Organismal Biology
What is a plant?
Plant Physiology Is
Anatomy
In the middle of Ecology which includes history and big pictu…
-Does photosynthesis ... ---Exceptions include cyanobacteria and…
How plants function internally as well as in relation to thei…
Structures "what" and "where" not the mechanism
Organismal Biology
In the middle of Ecology which includes history and big pictu…
What is a plant?
-Does photosynthesis ... ---Exceptions include cyanobacteria and…
9 termscreated on January 17, 2017
5.4 Cladistics
Analogous
Clade
Cladistics
Cladograms
trait structures which are similar because of convergent evol…
a group comprised of an ancestral species plus all of the spe…
constructing a phylogenetic tree based on primitive and share…
a diagram which shows groupings based on primitive and shared…
Analogous
trait structures which are similar because of convergent evol…
Clade
a group comprised of an ancestral species plus all of the spe…
59 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology III Chapter 16
Dolly
Avery
Crick/Watson
Darwin
the first clone
DNA is responsible for heredity
made the first DNA model
"Origin of the Species"
Dolly
the first clone
Avery
DNA is responsible for heredity
14 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology Unit 2 topic 3
Endemism
Species
Niche
Genus
Species is unique to a geographical location
Group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fer…
The way an organism uses its environment
A rank used when classifying organism
Endemism
Species is unique to a geographical location
Species
Group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fer…
14 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biodiversity Definitions
Endemism
Species
Niche
Genus
Species is unique to a geographical location.
Group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fer…
The way an organism uses its environments.
A rank used when classifying organisms.
Endemism
Species is unique to a geographical location.
Species
Group of organisms capable of interbreeding and producing fer…
32 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 10 review (AP Bio cliffnotes book)
evolution
The Origin of Species
natural selection
paleontology
deals with changes in populations, species, or groups of spec…
book publishes by Charles Darwin about his theory of natural…
otherwise known as "survival of the fittest"
provides fossils that reveal the prehistoric existence of ext…
evolution
deals with changes in populations, species, or groups of spec…
The Origin of Species
book publishes by Charles Darwin about his theory of natural…
8 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Molecular Genetics
Discovery of chromosomes being related…
The "Transforming Principle"
DNA is the "Transforming Principle"
The "Blender" Experiment
-T.H. Morgan... -Worked with fruit flies... -Associated phenotype w…
-Frederick Griffith... -Harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-k…
-Avery, McCarty, & MacLeod... -Took DNA and proteins separately…
-Hershey & Chase... -Worked with bacteriophages... -In one group, i…
Discovery of chromosomes being related…
-T.H. Morgan... -Worked with fruit flies... -Associated phenotype w…
The "Transforming Principle"
-Frederick Griffith... -Harmless live bacteria mixed with heat-k…
16 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology Chapter 9 Vocab.
genetics
heredity
trait
pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined variant of characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
11 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 10 Notes
DNA
The discovery of DNA as the hereditary…
Molecular Biology
DNA and RNA consist of chemical units…
- known to be a chemical in cells by the end of the 19th cent…
Molecular biology
The study of heredity at the molecular level
Nucleotides
DNA
- known to be a chemical in cells by the end of the 19th cent…
The discovery of DNA as the hereditary…
Molecular biology
32 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology 2016-2017 Molecular Biology
Matter
Element
Trace Element
Compounds
Anything that takes up space and has mass
A pure substance that can't be broken down
Elements that make up less that 0.001% of body mass
When elements chemically combine with other elements
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Element
A pure substance that can't be broken down
27 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology quiz #3
Only living organisms can synthesize t…
Organic molecules are primarily compos…
Organic compounds are usually formed u…
Covalent bonds
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur
Covalent bonds
Chemical bonds in which electrons are shared
Only living organisms can synthesize t…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Organic molecules are primarily compos…
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur
20 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 26 Homework Questions
Prokaryotic cells are found in the dom…
In the five-kingdom system, prokaryote…
A human is classified in domain _____…
A rose bush is classified in domain __…
bacteria and archaea
monera
Eukarya, Animalia
Eukarya, Plantae
Prokaryotic cells are found in the dom…
bacteria and archaea
In the five-kingdom system, prokaryote…
monera
12 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Evolution - Objectives
Students will know and be able to expl…
Students will understand the differenc…
Students will know and be able to expl…
Students will understand how natural s…
Hutton and Lyell: Earth is really old → Made Darwin think t…
Lamarck suggested that species can change over their lifeti…
The struggle of Existence... --Too many individuals produced f…
--The individuals who are most suit to their environment prod…
Students will know and be able to expl…
Hutton and Lyell: Earth is really old → Made Darwin think t…
Students will understand the differenc…
Lamarck suggested that species can change over their lifeti…
14 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Shill-Dog Chpt. 5 Vocab
organic molecule
biotic
abiotic
heterotroph
the molecules that build living things
living
non-living
gets organic molecules from eating other living things
organic molecule
the molecules that build living things
biotic
living
76 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology test 1
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Atom
Molecule
Organisms that obtain energy from the sun
Organisms that obtain energy from chemical substances (food)
Smallest fundamental unit of matter
A chemical substance consisting of two or more atoms
Autotrophs
Organisms that obtain energy from the sun
Heterotrophs
Organisms that obtain energy from chemical substances (food)
16 termscreated on January 17, 2017
KOT Chapter 4 Terms
Paleontology
Remote Sensing
Fossils
Systematic Survey
Study of ancient life through fossil record
Use of aerial photos and satellite images to locate sites on…
Remains of ancient life
Study of settlement patterns over a large area
Paleontology
Study of ancient life through fossil record
Remote Sensing
Use of aerial photos and satellite images to locate sites on…
36 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Biology vocab chapter 10
molecular biology
nucleotides
polynucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
study of the molecular bases of genes and gene expression... ; m…
organic monomer consisting of a 5 carbon sugar covalently bon…
Polymer of many nucleotides covalently otide bonded together
Alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which DNA and RNA…
molecular biology
study of the molecular bases of genes and gene expression... ; m…
nucleotides
organic monomer consisting of a 5 carbon sugar covalently bon…
18 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Substances Moving in and Out of Cells
active transport
ATP
Concentration Gradient
endocytosis
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Adenosine Triphosphate, what is considered the energy currenc…
a process where particles or solutes move through a liquid or…
the taking in of matter by a living cell by invagination of i…
active transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
ATP
Adenosine Triphosphate, what is considered the energy currenc…
16 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Cell and Molecular Bio Ch. 1 Vocabulary
cell
micrometer (mm)
nanometer (nm)
evolution
small, membrane-enclosed units filled with a concentrated aqu…
...
...
...
cell
small, membrane-enclosed units filled with a concentrated aqu…
micrometer (mm)
...
19 termscreated on January 17, 2017
UNIT ONE PART 2: PARTS OF THE CELLS
cell membrane
mitochondria
golgi bodies
cell wall
gate keeper, controls entry into and out of cell, also called…
powerhouse of the cell, site of cellular respiration
packages proteins for cell use
shapes and supports a plant cell
cell membrane
gate keeper, controls entry into and out of cell, also called…
mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell, site of cellular respiration
21 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 7-Cell Structure and Function (not including organelles)
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leuwenhoek
Schleiden
Schwann
-uses a basic compound light microscope to look at a piece of…
-uses a more advanced microscope... -sees living things in water
plants are made of cells
animals are made of cells
Robert Hooke
-uses a basic compound light microscope to look at a piece of…
Anton Van Leuwenhoek
-uses a more advanced microscope... -sees living things in water
32 termscreated on January 17, 2017
evolution
what is evolution
what are evolutionary adaptations?
Anaximander
Aristotle
change in organisms over time
inherited characteristics that increases and animals ability…
life arose from water
species are non-changing
what is evolution
change in organisms over time
what are evolutionary adaptations?
inherited characteristics that increases and animals ability…
21 termscreated on January 17, 2017
8.4-8.6, 9.1, 9.3-9.5 Pre-Ap Biology Vocab
Transcription
Translation
Codon
Anticodon
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
A specific sequence of three adjacent bases on a strand of DN…
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
Transcription
(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a…
Translation
(genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in m…
639 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapters 1-12 AP Biology Exam
Biology is the study of _____.
There are a number of properties that…
What is the scientific term for a grou…
Which series of terms is in the sequen…
life
response to the environment
population
D. cell, tissue, organ, population
Biology is the study of _____.
life
There are a number of properties that…
response to the environment
31 termscreated on January 17, 2017
AP psychology chapter 3
Enviroment
Behavior genetics
Chromosomes
DNA
Every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Enviroment
Every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
Behavior genetics
The study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
59 termscreated on January 17, 2017
Chapter 10
Molecular Biology
Bacteriophages
Nucleotides
Nucleotides are composed of?
The study of heredity at the molecular level
Viruses that infect bacterial cells (Hersey and Chase)
DNA and RNA are nucleic acids consisting of long chains (poly…
Nitrogenous base... Five-carbon sugar,... and a phosphate group
Molecular Biology
The study of heredity at the molecular level
Bacteriophages
Viruses that infect bacterial cells (Hersey and Chase)
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