How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "molecular biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "molecular biology"

20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Vocab Chapter 9
Restriction enzyme
Gel electrophoresis
Restriction maps
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
- enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide seque…
- an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA…
- show the length of DNA fragments between restriction sites…
- a technique that produces millions, or even billions, of co…
Restriction enzyme
- enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific nucleotide seque…
Gel electrophoresis
- an electrical current is used to separate a mixture of DNA…
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 8.4 & 8.5
What does transcription do?
central dogma
RNA polymerase
What does RNA carry?
Transcription converts a gene into a single-stranded RNA mole…
Theory that states that in cells, information only flows from…
...
RNA carries DNA's instructions.
What does transcription do?
Transcription converts a gene into a single-stranded RNA mole…
central dogma
Theory that states that in cells, information only flows from…
65 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Final Fall
cytokinesis
mitosis
interphase
mitotic phase
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis
the type of cell division that results in 2 daughter cells
the stage where the cell carries out its metabolic processes…
the phase where the cell divides
cytokinesis
the cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis
mitosis
the type of cell division that results in 2 daughter cells
60 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Final
sex chromosome
sex-linked gene
A site
adenine
a chromosome that determines whether an individual is male or…
a gene located on a sex chromosome. in humans the vast majori…
one of two of a ribosome's binding sites for tRNA during tran…
a double-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA and RNA
sex chromosome
a chromosome that determines whether an individual is male or…
sex-linked gene
a gene located on a sex chromosome. in humans the vast majori…
151 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIO 210: All Exams
which pairing of nitrogenous bases are…
of what consequence is a higher concen…
what is the repeating structural patte…
which two generalized molecules always…
• guanine & cytosine have three hydrogen bonds between them... •…
heightened strength/lessened tendency to "unzip"
• major and minor groves... • some interactions are specific to…
a purine and a pyrimidine
which pairing of nitrogenous bases are…
• guanine & cytosine have three hydrogen bonds between them... •…
of what consequence is a higher concen…
heightened strength/lessened tendency to "unzip"
31 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Nature vs. Nurture
behavior genetics
environment
genes
chromosome
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosome…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and env…
environment
every nongenetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the pe…
30 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Genetics Final Notes
Avery, Mcleod and McCarty
Watson and Crick
"It has not escaped our notice that th…
if a DNA molecule is 18% guanine, then…
identified deoxyribonucleic acid as the hereditary material i…
Discovered the structure of DNA
Watson and Crick
32%
Avery, Mcleod and McCarty
identified deoxyribonucleic acid as the hereditary material i…
Watson and Crick
Discovered the structure of DNA
322 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Molecular & Cellular Biology - Review
H2, O2
ionic
hydrophobic
basic
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
Water, being a polar molecule, is attracted to other polar mo…
The pH scale measures how acidic or _______ a substance is on…
H2, O2
Which of the following would have NONPOLAR covalent bonds? Ch…
ionic
A(n) ______ bond is one in which one atom transfers one elect…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
IB Bio 11.3 Kidney and Osmoregulation
Osmoregulation
Kidney Function
Excretion
Urea
The control of the water potential of body fluids to maintain…
Carries out both excretion and water regulation, blood filtra…
Removal of waste products, metabolic pathways produce waste p…
Breaks weak non-covalent bonds n proteins leading to denaturing
Osmoregulation
The control of the water potential of body fluids to maintain…
Kidney Function
Carries out both excretion and water regulation, blood filtra…
21 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 7 test Biology
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
-all living things are composed of cells... -cells are the basic…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
in cells, structure that contains the cell's genetic material…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
cell theory
-all living things are composed of cells... -cells are the basic…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Lectures 1 & 2 - Intro & Anatomical Regions/Directions
Study of organism structures and the r…
Study of functions and how organs/syst…
Levels of organization, from smallest…
List the 11 systems of the body
anatomy
physiology
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system
integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, circul…
Study of organism structures and the r…
anatomy
Study of functions and how organs/syst…
physiology
35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Molecular Phenomena
DNA
Why is DNA important
gene
allele
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a double-stranded molecule that is the…
genes are composes of DNA, and genes are units of heredity ... -…
The fundamental unit of heredity; consists of a sequence of D…
alternative versions of a gene; alleles are distinguished fro…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; a double-stranded molecule that is the…
Why is DNA important
genes are composes of DNA, and genes are units of heredity ... -…
17 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Module 11 Vocab
environment
DNA
behavior genetics
chromosome
Every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A complex molecule containing the gene…
Study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environ…
Threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
environment
Every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid. A complex molecule containing the gene…
23 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Photosynthesis
What percentage of the food we eat com…
What are the pores in a plants skin ca…
What simple sugar does the sun help pl…
What's another name for cellulose
60%
Stomata
Glucose
Fiber
What percentage of the food we eat com…
60%
What are the pores in a plants skin ca…
Stomata
57 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Ecology Biology
Define Biological Evolution
What is the unit of Evolution?
Define Population
Microevolution
A change in the genetic characteristics of a population of or…
Population
a group of individuals of the same species living in the same…
Small scale change
Define Biological Evolution
A change in the genetic characteristics of a population of or…
What is the unit of Evolution?
Population
7 termscreated on December 8, 2016
unit one-molecular biology
what is a hydrogen bond?
is a hydrogen bond a covelant bond bet…
what kind of line represents a hydroge…
what molecules can form hydrogen bonds?
result when the partially positive charge of a hydrogen atom…
false
dotted line
polar molecules
what is a hydrogen bond?
result when the partially positive charge of a hydrogen atom…
is a hydrogen bond a covelant bond bet…
false
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 56
conservation biology
3 levels of biodiversity
ecosystem services
introduced species
intergrates ecology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics…
genertic, species, and community/ecosystem diversity
encompass all the processes through which natural ecosystems…
also known as exotic species, are those humans have intention…
conservation biology
intergrates ecology, physiology, molecular biology, genetics…
3 levels of biodiversity
genertic, species, and community/ecosystem diversity
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
biology ch 1 vocab
biology
stimulus
response
homeostasis
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
any change in an organism's internal/external environment tha…
organism's reaction to a stimulus
regulation of an organism's internal environment to maintain…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
stimulus
any change in an organism's internal/external environment tha…
72 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Honors Biology Evolution Vocabulary
Pangea
plate tectonics theory
Gondwana
homologous structures
supercontinent that formed about 237 million years ago and br…
plausible mechanism for continental drift
supercontinent that formed more than 500 million years ago
similar body parts that reflect shared ancestry
Pangea
supercontinent that formed about 237 million years ago and br…
plate tectonics theory
plausible mechanism for continental drift
40 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio Exam 1
________ make up the nucleus of an atom
elements like nitrogen, oxygen, & sulf…
Living organisms are composed of:
Sodium and potassium atoms behave simi…
protons and neutrons
1. Their number of protons and neutrons.... 2. Their atomic numb…
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
They each have a single electron in their outermost shell.
________ make up the nucleus of an atom
protons and neutrons
elements like nitrogen, oxygen, & sulf…
1. Their number of protons and neutrons.... 2. Their atomic numb…
10 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Big Ideas in biology
science as a way of knowing
Interdependence of nature
matter and energy
cellular basis of life
science is not a list of facts... the job of science is the use…
All forms of life Earth are connected together into a biosphe…
life's most basic requirements are matter that serves as nutr…
organisms are composed of one or more cell
science as a way of knowing
science is not a list of facts... the job of science is the use…
Interdependence of nature
All forms of life Earth are connected together into a biosphe…
20 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Lectures 1 & 2 - Intro & Anatomical Regions/Directions
Study of organism structures and the r…
Study of functions and how organs/syst…
Levels of organization, from smallest…
List the 11 systems of the body
anatomy
physiology
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system
integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, circul…
Study of organism structures and the r…
anatomy
Study of functions and how organs/syst…
physiology
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology chapter 3
Species
Speciation
Reproductively Isolated
Ecological Isolation
A group of organisms that are capable of breeding.
The formation of a new species.
When individuals from split groups cannot reproduce.
2 different types of species whom are bred in captivity.
Species
A group of organisms that are capable of breeding.
Speciation
The formation of a new species.
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Molecular Genetics (Unit 7) Vocabulary
mRNA
tRNA
rRNA
DNA Replication
Provides the instructions for assembling amino acids into a p…
Delivers amino acids to a ribosome for their addition into a…
Combines with proteins to form ribosomes
Process involving separating (unzipping) the DNA molecule int…
mRNA
Provides the instructions for assembling amino acids into a p…
tRNA
Delivers amino acids to a ribosome for their addition into a…
19 termscreated on December 8, 2016
7.3 Cell Transport Biology
diffusion
what can affect the rate of diffusion
cell transport
whether or not a molecule can pass thr…
diffusion is when any material moves from high concentration…
temperature, size of molecules, and the steepness of the conc…
cellular transport refers to the movement of compounds across…
the cells size and polarity
diffusion
diffusion is when any material moves from high concentration…
what can affect the rate of diffusion
temperature, size of molecules, and the steepness of the conc…
21 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Exam 4, Botany
Carrot
Species
Brassica Oleracea or ___________ can b…
________, _______, and _________
Daucus Carota... Genus-Species... Plants of the same Genus are 'rel…
a set of individuals that are closely related by descent from…
Cabbage, Turnip
Broccoli, Kale, Cabbage are related- which means similar plan…
Carrot
Daucus Carota... Genus-Species... Plants of the same Genus are 'rel…
Species
a set of individuals that are closely related by descent from…
97 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 1210 FINAL
The chemical activity of an atom depen…
Element
An atoms is made of _____, _____, and…
Atomic mass
Electrons, valence shell.
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means.
Protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Number of protons and neutrons.
The chemical activity of an atom depen…
Electrons, valence shell.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means.
50 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Raven Biology 10th Edition Chapter 2
Matter
Proton
Atomic Mass
Ion
Anything which has mass and occupies space
A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
The mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic…
A particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative)
Matter
Anything which has mass and occupies space
Proton
A stable subatomic particle occurring in all atomic nuclei, w…
25 termscreated on December 8, 2016
chapter 16 exam 5
2 components of chromosomes
Define transformation
Viruses used i molecular genetics rese…
What is a virus?
DNA and protein
a change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of for…
bacteriophages (phages)
A virus is DNA (sometimes RNA) enclosed by a protective coat,…
2 components of chromosomes
DNA and protein
Define transformation
a change in genotype and phenotype due to assimilation of for…
12 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio-111 Chapter 26 Vocabulary
Analogous characteristics
Binomial nomenclature
Cladistics
Homologous structure
Similar characteristics because of convergent evolution, not…
Classification system gives organisms two part names : a genu…
An approach to systematics in which organisms are placed into…
Structures in different species that are similar because of c…
Analogous characteristics
Similar characteristics because of convergent evolution, not…
Binomial nomenclature
Classification system gives organisms two part names : a genu…
16 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Electrophoresis
molecular sieves
Electrophoresis
DNA sequencing
gene fragment
help separate different fragments of DNA from a sample mix
separation of DNA fragments (based on their size) on a gel ma…
(importance) employs a sophisticated electrophoresis technique
(importance) helps separate different ____ _______ for furthe…
molecular sieves
help separate different fragments of DNA from a sample mix
Electrophoresis
separation of DNA fragments (based on their size) on a gel ma…
44 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIL 255 Exam 1
The research procedure used by Carl Wo…
A chiral molecule such as an amino acid
A polymetric molecule, such as polysac…
A less stable, fatty acid shows which…
comparing RNA sequences
Has a tetrahedral shape and exhibits mirror images
False
Cis
The research procedure used by Carl Wo…
comparing RNA sequences
A chiral molecule such as an amino acid
Has a tetrahedral shape and exhibits mirror images
50 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology Final
In a homeostatic control mechanism, se…
Which system is incorrectly matched?... a…
At which level of structural organizat…
A structure that is composed of two or…
B (Travels along an afferent pathway to the brain)
D (Skeletal: provides force to move bones at joints)
B (Organ)
A (Organ)
In a homeostatic control mechanism, se…
B (Travels along an afferent pathway to the brain)
Which system is incorrectly matched?... a…
D (Skeletal: provides force to move bones at joints)
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
final exam for molecular biology
Wobble concept
Inosine
Chaperone proteins
intein
A wobble base pair is a pairing between two nucleotides in RN…
Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is a…
In molecular biology, molecular chaperones are proteins that…
An intein is a segment of a protein that is able to excise it…
Wobble concept
A wobble base pair is a pairing between two nucleotides in RN…
Inosine
Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is a…
39 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Ch 16 - The Molecular Basis of Inheritance
how did Griffith discover DNA was the…
chargraff's rules
x-ray crystallography
Watson and Crick
when he mixed heat-killed remains of the pathogenic strain wi…
in any species there is an equal number of A and T bases, and…
technique which Franklin used to photograph the structure of…
were able to determine a double helix structure after Frankli…
how did Griffith discover DNA was the…
when he mixed heat-killed remains of the pathogenic strain wi…
chargraff's rules
in any species there is an equal number of A and T bases, and…
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 25
1. Overturned the idea that species ar…
Geologic time is divided into eons, er…
Radiometric dating data indicate that…
species that no longer exist
Understand the differences between Lamarck's ideas of how spe…
Understand the general order of fossils in the geologic time…
What is radiometric dating?
What is an extinct species?
1. Overturned the idea that species ar…
Understand the differences between Lamarck's ideas of how spe…
Geologic time is divided into eons, er…
Understand the general order of fossils in the geologic time…
85 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 111 FINAL - GOSHKE CAL POLY SLO
Population
Evolution
traits
What four ways can evolution occur ?
a group of organisms of the same species living in a particul…
a change in allele frequencies of a population
A characteristic or feature on an organism
mutation , genetic drift, migration, natural selection
Population
a group of organisms of the same species living in a particul…
Evolution
a change in allele frequencies of a population
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Synapse
Synapse
Synaptic cleft
Neurotransmitters
Describe how the neurotransmitters cro…
The place where two neurons meet.
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
Action potentials are transmitted across the synaptic cleft b…
The neurotransmitters are in vesicles in the pre-synaptic cel…
Synapse
The place where two neurons meet.
Synaptic cleft
the tiny gap of about 20 nm between the terminal of a neuron…
42 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psych111 Chapter 4
behavior genetics
enviornment
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic behavior
every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the…
a complex molecule containing the genetic the genes
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic behavior
enviornment
every non-genetic influence, from prenatal nutrition to the p…
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Classification - Biology
Taxonomy
Genus
Taxon
Family
The science of classifying organisms
A group of similar species
Discipline of classifying organisms and assigning each organi…
(biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera
Taxonomy
The science of classifying organisms
Genus
A group of similar species
22 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIO-102-01 Biology and the Environment Dr. Lewis Exam 4 Evolution Part 2
What is an example of a transitional f…
what are tetrapods?... what are their anc…
-radiometric dating of rocks began in…
What is some modern molecular evidence…
archaeopteryx fossil... -bird/dinosaur transition... -1st discovere…
-4-limbed vertebrates... -fish are the ancestors of all tetrapods
-the 1950's... -the earth is about 4.6 billion years old... -oldest…
-see slide titled "Modern Molecular Evidence for Evolution" f…
What is an example of a transitional f…
archaeopteryx fossil... -bird/dinosaur transition... -1st discovere…
what are tetrapods?... what are their anc…
-4-limbed vertebrates... -fish are the ancestors of all tetrapods
27 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 152 - Exam 1
Genetic Drift
Gene Flow
Natural Selection
Artificial Selection
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the mi…
Gradual non-random process by which traits become more or les…
Non-random process by which traits become more or less common…
Genetic Drift
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result…
Gene Flow
Movement of alleles into or out of a population due to the mi…
28 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Molecular Genetics
antiparallel elongation
chromatin
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
...
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chro…
A linking enzyme essential for DNA replication; catalyzes the…
An enzyme that catalyzes the elongation of new DNA by additio…
antiparallel elongation
...
chromatin
The complex of DNA and proteins that makes up eukaryotic chro…
396 termscreated on December 8, 2016
BIO EXAM
Describe the importance of scientific…
Step 1 of Protein Synthesis
Step 2 of Protein Synthesis
Step 3 of Protein Synthesis
- You don't have to do something if it is harmful to you or s…
Copy of one side of DNA strand is made (called mRNA, messenge…
mRNA moves to cytoplasm, then ribosome
mRNA goes through ribosome 3 bases at a time
Describe the importance of scientific…
- You don't have to do something if it is harmful to you or s…
Step 1 of Protein Synthesis
Copy of one side of DNA strand is made (called mRNA, messenge…
47 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 101 Exam 3
Describe the structure of DNA
Describe the rules of complimentary ba…
Describe the basic process of DNA repl…
Define gene
DNA composition: a double helix composed of repeating nucleot…
The nitrogenous bases have complimentary pairings ... C (cytosin…
-The two strands unwind as very weak hydrogen bonds are broke…
Gene- unit of heredity, containing the instructions that dict…
Describe the structure of DNA
DNA composition: a double helix composed of repeating nucleot…
Describe the rules of complimentary ba…
The nitrogenous bases have complimentary pairings ... C (cytosin…
59 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biomedical Engineering 201 Final
biomedical engineering
polar covalent
nonpolar covalent
types of bonds
using engineering, math, physics, biology, and medicine to im…
unequal sharing, strong
equal sharing, strong
polar covalent... nonpolar covalent... hydrogen bonding (weak)... ioni…
biomedical engineering
using engineering, math, physics, biology, and medicine to im…
polar covalent
unequal sharing, strong
103 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 1010 FINAL Durbak
Speciation
Evolution
the populations will diverge and new s…
Descent with modification
Process in which one species splits into two or more species
Change in allele frequency in a population over time
When diversity between populations becomes so great
All living things are related. Different species emerged over…
Speciation
Process in which one species splits into two or more species
Evolution
Change in allele frequency in a population over time
18 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Biology 3
The branch of biology that study gene…
- Totality of genetic information of a…
1. - Twenty three pairs of chromosomes…
- Transcripts of structural genes... - En…
What is molecular biology?
What is the genome? Is it located in DNA or RNA?
- How is the human genome arranged?... - What cells don't contai…
What is mRNA?
The branch of biology that study gene…
What is molecular biology?
- Totality of genetic information of a…
What is the genome? Is it located in DNA or RNA?
8 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Evolution
3 Observations
5 Evidences of Evolution
Types of Fossils
Convergent Evolution
-A population could potentially grow rapidly... -Number of indiv…
1) Fossil Evidence... 2) Bio-geography... 3) Comparative Anatomy... 4)…
-Replacement Fossils (copies)... -Compression Fossil: found unde…
When two species from complete different ancestors look alike…
3 Observations
-A population could potentially grow rapidly... -Number of indiv…
5 Evidences of Evolution
1) Fossil Evidence... 2) Bio-geography... 3) Comparative Anatomy... 4)…
9 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 1113 Ch.2 Reading Questions
How does an element differ from a comp…
How do the component parts of an atom…
What must be true of an atom's valence…
Covalent bonding vs ionic bonding
Compounds are made of multiple elements.
Atomic mass comes from the protons and neutrons in an atom's…
It must not have a full octet.
Covalent shares e-, ionic gives/takes e-
How does an element differ from a comp…
Compounds are made of multiple elements.
How do the component parts of an atom…
Atomic mass comes from the protons and neutrons in an atom's…
1 of 10