Study sets matching "molecular biology"

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Study sets matching "molecular biology"

molecular biology
molecular biology
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
Molecular biology concerns the molecular basis of biological…
broken down into simple sugars
broken down into fatty acids and glycerol.
broken down into amino acids.
molecular biology
Molecular biology concerns the molecular basis of biological…
carbohydrates
broken down into simple sugars
6 terms
molecular biology
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Meiosis
Mitosis
Energy
Long term energy storage, makes up cell membrane
Cellular function for division of gamete cells
Cellular function for growth and repair of body or somatic ce…
Carbohydrates
Energy
Lipids
Long term energy storage, makes up cell membrane
6 terms
Molecular biology
Lipid
Desiree
Protein
Mitosis
Long term energy storage, makes up cell membranes
Gray
Build and repair tissues, muscles
Division of somatic or body cells
Lipid
Long term energy storage, makes up cell membranes
Desiree
Gray
21 terms
Molecular Biology
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Simple protein
Is the total of all the enzymatic reactions in a cell or orga…
Is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules.…
Is the synthesis of more complex molecules from simpler precu…
H R O (double bond)... N-C-C... H H OH
Metabolism
Is the total of all the enzymatic reactions in a cell or orga…
Catabolism
Is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules.…
99 terms
Molecular Biology
Theory of vitalism
Difference between living organism and…
Vitalism falsified
Atom
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
natural selection
-1828 Friedrich Wohler ... -synthesized urea artificially using…
A single particle of an element.
Theory of vitalism
It was thought that living organisms were composed of organic…
Difference between living organism and…
natural selection
20 terms
Molecular Biology
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
nucleus
do not have a cell nucleus
contain a nucleus
part of a cell that performs a specific function
also known as "the brain" of a cell; contain genetic informat…
Prokaryotic cell
do not have a cell nucleus
Eukaryotic cell
contain a nucleus
6 terms
Molecular Biology
Oxidation
Mitosis
meiosis
Selectively Permeable
Chemical process in which oxygen combined to cause a chemical…
Cellular function for growth and repair of body or somatic ce…
Cellular function for division of gamete cells
Description of a cell membrane that allows only certain molec…
Oxidation
Chemical process in which oxygen combined to cause a chemical…
Mitosis
Cellular function for growth and repair of body or somatic ce…
Cell Molecular Biology Lodish Glossary
ABC transporter proteins
Acetyl
Acetyl CoA
Acetylcholine receptor
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
Acetyl + CoA through a tioester group. Water-soluble molecule…
Membrane bound protein (ion channel) that when bound to acety…
ABC transporter proteins
Membrane transport proteins that use ATP to transfer peptides…
Acetyl
CH3-C=O Functional group derived from acetic acid. Added to s…
6 terms
Molecular Biology
Carbohydrates
Mitosis
Meiosis
Lipids
Energy
Cellular function for growth and repair of body or somatic ce…
Cellular function for division of gamete cells.
Long term energy storage, makes up cell Membrane
Carbohydrates
Energy
Mitosis
Cellular function for growth and repair of body or somatic ce…
Molecular Biology
Glucose
Cellulose
Starch
Glycogen
A simple monosaccharide sugar that serves as the main source…
Cellulose is a long chain of linked sugar molecules that give…
Starch, wheat starch granules stained with iodine [Credit: Ki…
Glycogen is a readily mobilized storage form of glucose. It i…
Glucose
A simple monosaccharide sugar that serves as the main source…
Cellulose
Cellulose is a long chain of linked sugar molecules that give…
molecular biology
metabolism
catabolic reaction
anabolic reactions
ingestion
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
catabolic reaction
break down large chemicals and release energy
30 terms
Molecular Biology
Escherichia coli... characteristics and…
Saccharomyces cervisiae... characteristi…
C. elegans... characteristics and advant…
Drosophilia... characteristics and advan…
-Simplest and most accessible system... -Easy to grow on defined…
-Simplest eukaryotic system... -Easy to grow on defined medium... -…
Nematode (worm) - simple multicellular ... Used for studying ani…
Fruit fly... Used for studies of development of body plan ... Good…
Escherichia coli... characteristics and…
-Simplest and most accessible system... -Easy to grow on defined…
Saccharomyces cervisiae... characteristi…
-Simplest eukaryotic system... -Easy to grow on defined medium... -…
Molecular Biology
Chimera- chimera is a single organism…
Cloning-the process of producing simil…
DNA probe-a fragment of DNA or RNA of…
EcoRI-an endonuclease enzyme isolated…
Human-Monkey Chimeras are being used to research cures for di…
Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to have been successfull…
Used in microbial ecology and forensic science
Helps to clone genes in genetic engineering and fingerprintin…
Chimera- chimera is a single organism…
Human-Monkey Chimeras are being used to research cures for di…
Cloning-the process of producing simil…
Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to have been successfull…
15 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino Acid
BMI
How drugs get in the body
A habit over which a person does not have control
Building blocks of protein
A measure of your body weight relative to your height
Absorption
How drugs get in the body
Addiction
A habit over which a person does not have control
15 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino acid
BMI
How drugs get in the body.
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself. Caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein.
Body Mass Index, weight in proportion to height.
Absorption
How drugs get in the body.
Addiction
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself. Caused by taking…
38 terms
Chapter 9: Molecular Biology
alternative RNA splicing
codon
DNA ligase
DNA polymerase
A post-transcriptional gene regulation mechanism in eukaryote…
Three consecutive nucleotides in mRNA that specify the additi…
The enzyme that catalyzes the joining of DNA fragments together
An enzyme that synthesizes a new strand of DNA complementary…
alternative RNA splicing
A post-transcriptional gene regulation mechanism in eukaryote…
codon
Three consecutive nucleotides in mRNA that specify the additi…
13 terms
Molecular Biology
Sickle Cell
Where do mutations come from?
Point mutation
Frameshift
Glutamate replace valine... Aggregate HbS difficult to transfer…
Inherited... Spontaneous... DNA replication errors... Environment... poi…
1 DNA base replaced by another... Change 1 amino acid... Base subst…
Add base to sequence... Change reading frame of RNA... Significant…
Sickle Cell
Glutamate replace valine... Aggregate HbS difficult to transfer…
Where do mutations come from?
Inherited... Spontaneous... DNA replication errors... Environment... poi…
21 terms
Molecular Biology
carbon monoxide
cell
cell membrane
cell wall
An odorless and colorless gas, that is toxic to humans and le…
A small unit , microscopic, that makes up tissue.
The control center or "brain" of the cell.
Controls what comes in and out of a cell.
carbon monoxide
An odorless and colorless gas, that is toxic to humans and le…
cell
A small unit , microscopic, that makes up tissue.
Molecular Biology
Progenote
Forward Genetics
Reverse Genetics
Nonsense mutation
Last universal common ancestor
Forward genetics is where a mutant phenotype is observed, and…
A gene of interest is disrupted and then the phenotype observed
introduces a stop codon
Progenote
Last universal common ancestor
Forward Genetics
Forward genetics is where a mutant phenotype is observed, and…
14 terms
Molecular Biology
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
amino acids
carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; us…
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water;…
carbon compounds composed of one or more chains of amino acids
subunits of proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, a…
carbohydrates
carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; us…
lipids
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water;…
10 terms
Molecular Biology
Plasmid
Restriction Enzymes
Spliced DNA
Gel Electrophoresis
Carries a particular gene into a recipient cell.
Bind to DNA sequences and cut DNA at specific places.
Can combine two different genes if they came from the same so…
Sorts molecules by size and Charge.
Plasmid
Carries a particular gene into a recipient cell.
Restriction Enzymes
Bind to DNA sequences and cut DNA at specific places.
Molecular Biology
Anabolism
Catabolism
Covalent Bond
Polarity
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules
two atoms share a pair of electrons
part of a molecule has a slight positive charge, and another…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules
Catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules
molecular biology:))))
absorption
addiction
amino acid
BMI
how drugs get in the body
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself.... Caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
Body Mass Index, weight in proportion to... height
absorption
how drugs get in the body
addiction
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself.... Caused by taking…
22 terms
Molecular Biology
lipids
saturated fats
unsaturated Fats
phospholipids
naturally occurring molecules such as wax fat and oils
stacks in a line, is a type of lipid, and is solid at room te…
is a curved shape. Is a type of lipid and is liquid at room
phosphate head that attracts water lipid tail that repels water
lipids
naturally occurring molecules such as wax fat and oils
saturated fats
stacks in a line, is a type of lipid, and is solid at room te…
Molecular Biology
What are the approximate proportions o…
Living things may contain some trace e…
Role of the trace element sulphur:
Role of the trace element calcium:
- 19% carbon... - 10% hydrogen ... - 65% oxygen... - 3% nitrogen
- 0.25% sulphur... - 1.5% calcium... - 1% phosphorus... - 0.7% iron... -…
found in certain amino acids (cysteine & methionine)
found in bones and teeth, also involved in neurotransmitter r…
What are the approximate proportions o…
- 19% carbon... - 10% hydrogen ... - 65% oxygen... - 3% nitrogen
Living things may contain some trace e…
- 0.25% sulphur... - 1.5% calcium... - 1% phosphorus... - 0.7% iron... -…
54 terms
Molecular Biology
the griffith transformation experiment
the avery-mccarthy-macleod experiment
hershey and chase experiment
adenine full name
pneumococcus: smooth coat kill mice, rough coat don't. howeve…
made extract of smooth bacteria - missed it with several reag…
infected different bacteria with radioactive DNA and radioact…
2'-deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate
the griffith transformation experiment
pneumococcus: smooth coat kill mice, rough coat don't. howeve…
the avery-mccarthy-macleod experiment
made extract of smooth bacteria - missed it with several reag…
35 terms
Molecular Biology
Covalent bond
Ionic bond
Hydroxyl group
Amine group
sharing electrons
Donating or receiving electrons, charged ions
-OH
-NH2
Covalent bond
sharing electrons
Ionic bond
Donating or receiving electrons, charged ions
Molecular Biology
Carbon Monoxide
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
A colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is a little les…
The basic building block of life that makes up all known orga…
The gel like substance that surrounds the cytoplasm and organ…
This surrounds the plasma membrane and it also provides suppo…
Carbon Monoxide
A colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is a little les…
Cell
The basic building block of life that makes up all known orga…
Molecular Biology
Carbon Monoxide
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
the basic unit of structure and function in organisms
controls what comes into and out of a cell
ridged outer layer of a plant cell
Carbon Monoxide
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in organisms
42 terms
Molecular Biology
Metabolism
Catabolic reactions
Anabolic reactions
Ingestion
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
reactions which break down large chemicals and release energy
reactions which build up large chemicals and require energy
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
Catabolic reactions
reactions which break down large chemicals and release energy
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Urea
Covalent Bonds
Vitalism
Organic Compound
Nitrogen containing compound with a simple molecular structur…
A bond between atoms where electrons are shared
Origin of life is dependent on a force or principle distinct…
Compound of carbon, excluding carbon dioxide and carbonates.
Urea
Nitrogen containing compound with a simple molecular structur…
Covalent Bonds
A bond between atoms where electrons are shared
29 terms
molecular biology
anti-parallel strands
phosphodiester bonds
hydrogen bonds
purines
nucleotides in DNA backbone are bonded from phosphate to suga…
between phosphates and sugar molecules
between nitrogenous bases
two rings; adenine and guanine
anti-parallel strands
nucleotides in DNA backbone are bonded from phosphate to suga…
phosphodiester bonds
between phosphates and sugar molecules
31 terms
Molecular Biology
absorption
addiction
amino
BMI
how drugs get in the body
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself, caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
body mass index, weight in proportion to weight
absorption
how drugs get in the body
addiction
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself, caused by taking…
Molecular Biology
Atoms
Carbon Compounds
Alpha Glucose
Beta Glucose
Smallest particles of all elements
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
5 carbons
5 carbons
Atoms
Smallest particles of all elements
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
31 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino Acid
BMI
How drugs get in your body
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
Body Mass Index, Weight in proportion to height
Absorption
How drugs get in your body
Addiction
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself caused by taking…
96 terms
Molecular Biology
Virus
Bacteriophage
Summarize Griffith's experiment.
What was the purpose of Avery's experi…
A package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat.
Bacteria that viruses infect. (phage for short)
Frederick Griffith injected several mice with a harmless stra…
Avery experimented to find out if Griffith's 'transforming fa…
Virus
A package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat.
Bacteriophage
Bacteria that viruses infect. (phage for short)
25 terms
Molecular Biology
molecular bio
most varied and complex molecules
Nucleic acids
Proteins
explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
nucleic acids and proteins
DNA and RNA --> used to make genes
enzymes --> control chemical reactions in the cell
molecular bio
explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
most varied and complex molecules
nucleic acids and proteins
Molecular biology
S in animals
Ca in animals
P in animals
Fe in animals
2 amino acids, makes antibodies
constituent of bones, muscle contraction
ATP and DNA
haemoglobin and cytochrome pigments
S in animals
2 amino acids, makes antibodies
Ca in animals
constituent of bones, muscle contraction
Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology:
Organic Molecules:
Four most common organic molecules ... (C…
Organic Molecule Composition:
explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
contain two or more carbon atoms (ex: lipids, carbohydrates,…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
most are large polymers made up of subunits called monomers t…
Molecular Biology:
explains living processes in terms of the chemical substances…
Organic Molecules:
contain two or more carbon atoms (ex: lipids, carbohydrates,…
Molecular Biology
Amino acid components (3)
Peptide bond
Alpha helix
Beta strand
Amino group... carboxyl group... r group
Holds together amino acids between N and C terminus... When crea…
Formed by H bonds every fifth amino acid... Visualized in 3D str…
Moves N terminus to C terminus... Creates beta sheets and beta b…
Amino acid components (3)
Amino group... carboxyl group... r group
Peptide bond
Holds together amino acids between N and C terminus... When crea…
74 terms
Biology HN - Molecular Genetics
nucleic acids
two types of nucleic acids
DNA
RNA
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
DNA and RNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleic acids
organic molecules that serve as the blueprint for proteins an…
two types of nucleic acids
DNA and RNA
Molecular biology
organic
theory of vitalism
molecular biology
urea
A type of molecule that contains carbon and is relatively com…
The theory that living organisms have a "vital force" that al…
The study of the molecules that make up living things.
An organic compound in human urine. It was initially believed…
organic
A type of molecule that contains carbon and is relatively com…
theory of vitalism
The theory that living organisms have a "vital force" that al…
61 terms
Molecular Biology
metabolism
ingestion
digestion
absoprtion
sum of all chemical reactions in the body... catabolic (break do…
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
converting food to soluble form so able to pass through membr…
passage of nutrient molecules through lining of digestive tra…
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions in the body... catabolic (break do…
ingestion
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
35 terms
Molecular Biology
virus
bacteriophage
mutation
nucleotide
something that attacks bacteria
viruses that only attack bacteria, only made out of protein DNA
change in the DNA code, caused by a mistake during replicatio…
protein that build RNA and DNA (T, A, G, C, U)
virus
something that attacks bacteria
bacteriophage
viruses that only attack bacteria, only made out of protein DNA
68 terms
Molecular Biology
Nucleic acid structure
How is a polynucleotide written?
Purines
Pyrimidines
Monosaccharide + nitrogenous base + phospahate
5'-->3'
adenine and guanine
cytosine and thymine (uracil)
Nucleic acid structure
Monosaccharide + nitrogenous base + phospahate
How is a polynucleotide written?
5'-->3'
29 terms
molecular biology
catabolic reactions
anabolic reactions
assimilation
synthesis
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
building up of new tissues from digested food
the creation of complex molecules from simple ones
catabolic reactions
break down large chemicals and release energy
anabolic reactions
build up large chemicals and require energy
22 terms
molecular biology
organelle
cellular resperation
photosythesis
digestion
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
The process of producing energy in the cell from oxygen and g…
the process by which a cell captures in sunlight and uses it…
Physical and chemical breakdown of food by the body in prepar…
organelle
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
cellular resperation
The process of producing energy in the cell from oxygen and g…
Molecular Biology
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
Organic compound that is the most basic organic molecule, wit…
A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined via…
A polymer of thousands of simple sugars formed through conden…
carbohydrate
Organic compound that is the most basic organic molecule, wit…
monosaccharide
A simple sugar that is the basic subunit of a carbohydrate
36 terms
Molecular biology
Virus
Bacteriophage
DNA
Nucleotides
Package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat
Virus that infects a bacteria
Nucleic acids that contains the sugar deoxyribose
Building blocks of nucleic acid polymers
Virus
Package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects a bacteria
53 terms
molecular biology
What are some characteristics of gener…
Transcription needs ______ basal levels
_________ are gene specific TFs
Activators are _________ in the signal…
-direct starting point and direction of T... - basal level trans…
above
activators
final messengers
What are some characteristics of gener…
-direct starting point and direction of T... - basal level trans…
Transcription needs ______ basal levels
above
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