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Study sets matching "molecular biology"

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Study sets matching "molecular biology"

20 terms
Molecular Biology
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryotic cell
Organelle
nucleus
do not have a cell nucleus
contain a nucleus
part of a cell that performs a specific function
also known as "the brain" of a cell; contain genetic informat…
Prokaryotic cell
do not have a cell nucleus
Eukaryotic cell
contain a nucleus
93 terms
Topic 2: Molecular Biology
Anabolism
Catabolism
Carbohydrates
Covalent bonds
is the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules…
is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules…
any of a large group of organic compounds occurring in foods…
a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs b…
Anabolism
is the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules…
Catabolism
is the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules…
75 terms
Molecular Biology
metabolism
enzyme
catalyze
anabolism
complex web of chemical reactions (enzyme catalyzed reactions)
cause/control chemical reactions in cells
to speed up reactions
synthesis of complex molecules (polymers) form simple molecul…
metabolism
complex web of chemical reactions (enzyme catalyzed reactions)
enzyme
cause/control chemical reactions in cells
Molecular Biology
Molecular biology
What are the four basic types of carbo…
Metabolism
Anabolism
explainign living processes in terms of chemical substances i…
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
the web of all the enzyme-catalysed reactions in a cell or or…
synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules includi…
Molecular biology
explainign living processes in terms of chemical substances i…
What are the four basic types of carbo…
carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acids
28 terms
molecular biology
metabolism
catabolic reaction
anabolic reactions
ingestion
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
break down large chemicals and release energy
build up large chemicals and require energy
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
catabolic reaction
break down large chemicals and release energy
30 terms
Molecular Biology
Escherichia coli... characteristics and…
Saccharomyces cervisiae... characteristi…
C. elegans... characteristics and advant…
Drosophilia... characteristics and advan…
-Simplest and most accessible system... -Easy to grow on defined…
-Simplest eukaryotic system... -Easy to grow on defined medium... -…
Nematode (worm) - simple multicellular ... Used for studying ani…
Fruit fly... Used for studies of development of body plan ... Good…
Escherichia coli... characteristics and…
-Simplest and most accessible system... -Easy to grow on defined…
Saccharomyces cervisiae... characteristi…
-Simplest eukaryotic system... -Easy to grow on defined medium... -…
Molecular Biology
Chimera- chimera is a single organism…
Cloning-the process of producing simil…
DNA probe-a fragment of DNA or RNA of…
EcoRI-an endonuclease enzyme isolated…
Human-Monkey Chimeras are being used to research cures for di…
Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to have been successfull…
Used in microbial ecology and forensic science
Helps to clone genes in genetic engineering and fingerprintin…
Chimera- chimera is a single organism…
Human-Monkey Chimeras are being used to research cures for di…
Cloning-the process of producing simil…
Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to have been successfull…
15 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino Acid
BMI
How drugs get in the body
A habit over which a person does not have control
Building blocks of protein
A measure of your body weight relative to your height
Absorption
How drugs get in the body
Addiction
A habit over which a person does not have control
15 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino acid
BMI
How drugs get in the body.
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself. Caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein.
Body Mass Index, weight in proportion to height.
Absorption
How drugs get in the body.
Addiction
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself. Caused by taking…
13 terms
Molecular Biology
Sickle Cell
Where do mutations come from?
Point mutation
Frameshift
Glutamate replace valine... Aggregate HbS difficult to transfer…
Inherited... Spontaneous... DNA replication errors... Environment... poi…
1 DNA base replaced by another... Change 1 amino acid... Base subst…
Add base to sequence... Change reading frame of RNA... Significant…
Sickle Cell
Glutamate replace valine... Aggregate HbS difficult to transfer…
Where do mutations come from?
Inherited... Spontaneous... DNA replication errors... Environment... poi…
21 terms
Molecular Biology
carbon monoxide
cell
cell membrane
cell wall
An odorless and colorless gas, that is toxic to humans and le…
A small unit , microscopic, that makes up tissue.
The control center or "brain" of the cell.
Controls what comes in and out of a cell.
carbon monoxide
An odorless and colorless gas, that is toxic to humans and le…
cell
A small unit , microscopic, that makes up tissue.
149 terms
Molecular Biology
Progenote
Forward Genetics
Reverse Genetics
Nonsense mutation
Last universal common ancestor
Forward genetics is where a mutant phenotype is observed, and…
A gene of interest is disrupted and then the phenotype observed
introduces a stop codon
Progenote
Last universal common ancestor
Forward Genetics
Forward genetics is where a mutant phenotype is observed, and…
29 terms
Chapter 10 molecular biology
Linus Pauling
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
DNA
Semiconservative model.
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
-Adenine-Thymine... Guanine-Cytosine... Why? because of Chargaff's…
After DNA replication there are two identical strands, each m…
Linus Pauling
-tried to determine the molecular structure of DNA... -Had been…
Dr. James Watson/ Francis Crick
-Were racing Pauling to make discovery... -Wilkins showed images…
24 terms
Molecular Biology
Anabolism
Catabolism
Covalent Bond
Polarity
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules
two atoms share a pair of electrons
part of a molecule has a slight positive charge, and another…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules
Catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules
31 terms
molecular biology:))))
absorption
addiction
amino acid
BMI
how drugs get in the body
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself.... Caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
Body Mass Index, weight in proportion to... height
absorption
how drugs get in the body
addiction
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself.... Caused by taking…
13 terms
Molecular Biology
atom
molecule
ion
anion
the smallest particle of a chemical element that can exist
a group of atoms bonded together
charged particles
negatively charged particles
atom
the smallest particle of a chemical element that can exist
molecule
a group of atoms bonded together
21 terms
Molecular Biology
Carbon Monoxide
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
A colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is a little les…
The basic building block of life that makes up all known orga…
The gel like substance that surrounds the cytoplasm and organ…
This surrounds the plasma membrane and it also provides suppo…
Carbon Monoxide
A colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is a little les…
Cell
The basic building block of life that makes up all known orga…
21 terms
Molecular Biology
Carbon Monoxide
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
the basic unit of structure and function in organisms
controls what comes into and out of a cell
ridged outer layer of a plant cell
Carbon Monoxide
a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
Cell
the basic unit of structure and function in organisms
42 terms
Molecular Biology
Metabolism
Catabolic reactions
Anabolic reactions
Ingestion
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
reactions which break down large chemicals and release energy
reactions which build up large chemicals and require energy
acquisition and consumption of food and other raw materials
Metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
Catabolic reactions
reactions which break down large chemicals and release energy
58 terms
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Urea
Covalent Bonds
Vitalism
Organic Compound
Nitrogen containing compound with a simple molecular structur…
A bond between atoms where electrons are shared
Origin of life is dependent on a force or principle distinct…
Compound of carbon, excluding carbon dioxide and carbonates.
Urea
Nitrogen containing compound with a simple molecular structur…
Covalent Bonds
A bond between atoms where electrons are shared
46 terms
Molecular Biology
Alpha Glucose
Beta Glucose
Ribose
Saturated Fatty Acid
Alpha Glucose
Beta Glucose
29 terms
molecular biology
anti-parallel strands
phosphodiester bonds
hydrogen bonds
purines
nucleotides in DNA backbone are bonded from phosphate to suga…
between phosphates and sugar molecules
between nitrogenous bases
two rings; adenine and guanine
anti-parallel strands
nucleotides in DNA backbone are bonded from phosphate to suga…
phosphodiester bonds
between phosphates and sugar molecules
31 terms
Molecular Biology
absorption
addiction
amino
BMI
how drugs get in the body
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself, caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
body mass index, weight in proportion to weight
absorption
how drugs get in the body
addiction
habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself, caused by taking…
29 terms
Molecular Biology
Atoms
Carbon Compounds
Alpha Glucose
Beta Glucose
Smallest particles of all elements
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
5 carbons
5 carbons
Atoms
Smallest particles of all elements
Carbon Compounds
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
31 terms
Molecular Biology
Absorption
Addiction
Amino Acid
BMI
How drugs get in your body
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself caused by taking…
Building blocks of protein
Body Mass Index, Weight in proportion to height
Absorption
How drugs get in your body
Addiction
Habitual use of a drug, a disease in itself caused by taking…
96 terms
Molecular Biology
Virus
Bacteriophage
Summarize Griffith's experiment.
What was the purpose of Avery's experi…
A package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat.
Bacteria that viruses infect. (phage for short)
Frederick Griffith injected several mice with a harmless stra…
Avery experimented to find out if Griffith's 'transforming fa…
Virus
A package of nucleic acid wrapped in a protein coat.
Bacteriophage
Bacteria that viruses infect. (phage for short)
75 terms
molecular biology
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
examples of anabolism
web of all the enzyme catalysed reactions in a cell or organism
synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules includi…
breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules includi…
protein synthesis, DNA synthesis, photosynthesis
metabolism
web of all the enzyme catalysed reactions in a cell or organism
anabolism
synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules includi…
197 terms
Molecular & Cell Biology
Eukaryote
Euchromatin
Heterochromatin
Histones
An organism whose cells contain complex structures enclosed w…
This shows as pale areas in the nucleas under electro magnifi…
This shows as dark areas on the eukaryotic nucleas; it is den…
Special proteins around which DNA is wrapped.
Eukaryote
An organism whose cells contain complex structures enclosed w…
Euchromatin
This shows as pale areas in the nucleas under electro magnifi…
10 terms
Molecular Biology
Permeabillity
Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosomes
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
When a cell divides to form two cell that are identical, call…
The small bodies that carry genetic material
Permeabillity
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier
Reproduction
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
Molecular Biology
4 Main Classes Essentail To Life
Saturated Fats (Fat)
Unsaturated Fats (Oil)
Fatty Acids
Carboydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Have all the hydrogen it can hold
Dont have all the hydrogen it can hold
Basic structure of a biological lipid
4 Main Classes Essentail To Life
Carboydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic Acids
Saturated Fats (Fat)
Have all the hydrogen it can hold
55 terms
Molecular Biology LAB Practical
_____ is an enzyme used to digest prot…
After the DNA was spooled, it was stor…
_____ protects DNA by chelating the me…
_____ is an enzyme used to digest RNA.
Protease
Tris
EDTA
RNase
_____ is an enzyme used to digest prot…
Protease
After the DNA was spooled, it was stor…
Tris
30 terms
Molecular Biology
DNA
RNA
Protein
Amino Acid
double stranded, holds our genetic information
single stranded, holds our genetic information
biomolecule, made of amino acids
the subunit that makes up proteins
DNA
double stranded, holds our genetic information
RNA
single stranded, holds our genetic information
29 terms
Molecular Biology
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
Organic Compound
Digestion
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
Compounds that contain carbon
The process of breaking down food
Photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
Cellular Respiration
The process by which cells break down sugar to release stored…
39 terms
molecular biology
metabolism
monomer
condensation reaction
hydrolysis reaction
a series of reactions catalysed by enzymes that occur in a li…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
monomers to macromolecules, build up
macromolecules to monomers, broken down
metabolism
a series of reactions catalysed by enzymes that occur in a li…
monomer
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to…
64 terms
molecular biology
lipids
saturated fats
unsaturated fats
phospholipids
any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or t…
solid at room temperature and are stacked tightly due to thei…
there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain…
a lipid containing a phosphate group in its molecule
lipids
any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or t…
saturated fats
solid at room temperature and are stacked tightly due to thei…
19 terms
Molecular Biology
Nucleotide
double helix
base pair rule
replication
It forms the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as D…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined in the structure of th…
The rules of base pairing (or nucleotide pairing) are A (aden…
the action of copying or reproducing something.
Nucleotide
It forms the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as D…
double helix
a pair of parallel helices intertwined in the structure of th…
10 terms
Molecular biology
exposure
susceptibility
carcinogens
medicine
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elem…
the state or fact of being likely or liable to be influenced…
Substances that cause cancer
Any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elem…
susceptibility
the state or fact of being likely or liable to be influenced…
18 terms
Molecular Biology
snRNA small nuclear
miRNA micro
snoRNA small nucleolar
LncRNA long noncoding
Participate in mRNA splicing, introns
Mediates translation repression; base pair to target mRNAs, 3…
rRNA modifications in nucleolus
RNAs that do not code for protein, larger than 200 nts, promo…
snRNA small nuclear
Participate in mRNA splicing, introns
miRNA micro
Mediates translation repression; base pair to target mRNAs, 3…
27 terms
Molecular Biology
Sexual Reproduction
Meiosis
Gamete
Zygote
Process which cells from two parents join to produce offspring
Form of cell division that produces gametes
Specialized cell (sperm or egg) used for fertilization
Cel lformed as a result of fertilization
Sexual Reproduction
Process which cells from two parents join to produce offspring
Meiosis
Form of cell division that produces gametes
25 terms
Molecular biology
DHFR IS INHIBITED BY
FUELGEN REACTION
HIGHER GC- CONTENT=
rRNA, tRNA, and mRNA ==> where are the…
METHOTREXATE
REACTION USED TO DIFFERENTIATE DNA FROM RNA... HIGH AFFINITY FO…
HIGHER MELTING POINT OF DNA... MELTING POINT = HALF UNWOUND
rRNA = nucleolus ... mRNA and tRNA = nucleus... rRNA = most numer…
DHFR IS INHIBITED BY
METHOTREXATE
FUELGEN REACTION
REACTION USED TO DIFFERENTIATE DNA FROM RNA... HIGH AFFINITY FO…
24 terms
Molecular Biology
Organism
Cell
Organelle
Eukaryotes
A living thing; anything that can carry out life processes in…
Basic unit of structure and function in all organisms
A structure inside a cell that carries out a certain function
Organisms whose cells have a distinct nucleus and organelles
Organism
A living thing; anything that can carry out life processes in…
Cell
Basic unit of structure and function in all organisms
10 terms
Molecular Biology
DNA Polymerase
DNA
Double Helix
Genetic Engineering
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
The form of native DNA, referring to its two adjacent polynuc…
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
DNA Polymerase
Enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucl…
DNA
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
10 terms
Molecular Biology
Permeability
Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosomes
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier.
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
When a cell divides to form two cells that are identical, cal…
The small bodies that carry genetic material.
Permeability
The ability for a substance to pass through a barrier.
Reproduction
The ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
10 terms
Molecular Biology
Permeability
Reproduction
Cell Division
Chromosomes
the ability for a substance to pass through a barrier.
the ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
when a cell divides to form two cells that are identical, cal…
the small bodies that carry genetic material.
Permeability
the ability for a substance to pass through a barrier.
Reproduction
the ability of cells or organisms to generate others of the s…
Molecular Biology
energy
molecules
organelles
food energy
the analysis of DNA from samples of body tissues or fluids in…
a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
The amount of energy we absorb through our food intake is com…
energy
the analysis of DNA from samples of body tissues or fluids in…
molecules
a group of atoms bonded together, representing the smallest f…
16 terms
Molecular Biology
The Four Macromolecules
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Adhesion
Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid
Condensation RXN; monomers are linked, forming polymers, and…
Digestion; the breaking up of polymers into their monomers by…
The clinging of unlike molecules
The Four Macromolecules
Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acid
Dehydration synthesis
Condensation RXN; monomers are linked, forming polymers, and…
17 terms
Molecular Biology
Molecular Biology
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Urea
The study explaining living processes in terms of the chemica…
Do not contain carbon.
- Contain carbon.... - Found in living organisms.
- Compound containing NITROGEN.... - Found in urine.... - Can be BO…
Molecular Biology
The study explaining living processes in terms of the chemica…
Inorganic Compounds
Do not contain carbon.
103 terms
Molecular Biology
t-loop
Rap1
Rif1
Rif2
telomere loop created by humans due to single strand invasion…
binds in yeast to dsDNA and inhibits telomerase
binds to Rap1 and inhibits telomerase
binds to Rap1 and inhibits telomerase
t-loop
telomere loop created by humans due to single strand invasion…
Rap1
binds in yeast to dsDNA and inhibits telomerase
26 terms
Molecular Biology
cellular respiration
chloroplast
chromosome
compound
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
a structure in the nucleus that contains the cell's genetic m…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
chloroplast
an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
97 terms
Molecular Biology
NTPs are covalently bonded by?
polynucleotides are written in a
Watson-crick model
GC pair
phosphodiester bonds btw the 3'OH and 5' P group
5' --> 3' direction
right handed double helix held together by Hbonds... antiparalle…
- the more you have then you inc MP... - has 3 Hbonds
NTPs are covalently bonded by?
phosphodiester bonds btw the 3'OH and 5' P group
polynucleotides are written in a
5' --> 3' direction
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