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Study sets matching "molecule"

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Study sets matching "molecule"

8 terms
molecules
macromolecules
carbohydrates
Lipids
functions of lipids
large organic molecules also called polymers. Made up of smal…
made of sugar=quick energy. Are simple to complex based on th…
found in cell membranes, fat, tissue, plant seeds, not solubl…
1. long term energy storage ... 2. protection against meat loss…
macromolecules
large organic molecules also called polymers. Made up of smal…
carbohydrates
made of sugar=quick energy. Are simple to complex based on th…
25 terms
Molecules
citrate
DHAP
Glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate
Fructose
citrate
DHAP
54 terms
molecules
carbohyhdrates
carbohydrate structure
Classified according to molecular stru…
Glycosidic linkage
found in foods... -stores energy... -basic structure in living thin…
• Monosaccharides: one monomer.... •Monomer: molecule that may b…
1. Location of carbonyl group. (C=O) ... 2. Length of carbon ske…
•Connects multiple monomers.... •Covalent bond in polysaccharide…
carbohyhdrates
found in foods... -stores energy... -basic structure in living thin…
carbohydrate structure
• Monosaccharides: one monomer.... •Monomer: molecule that may b…
41 terms
Molecules
covalent bond
polar covalent bond
organic macromolecules
nonpolar covalent bonds
bond in which two atoms share one or more electron
bond in which two atoms share electrons unequally; water solu…
large, carbon-containing molecules; hydrocarbons
molecule in which atoms share electrons equally
covalent bond
bond in which two atoms share one or more electron
polar covalent bond
bond in which two atoms share electrons unequally; water solu…
10 terms
Molecules
macromolecules
polymers
functional groups
monosaccharide
large organic molecules
molecules that consist of a single unit (monomer) repeated ma…
organic molecules share similar properties because they have…
simplest kind of carbohydrate. Consists of a single sugar mol…
macromolecules
large organic molecules
polymers
molecules that consist of a single unit (monomer) repeated ma…
10 terms
Molecules
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
triglyceride
monosaccharide
disaccharide
8 terms
Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Each subunit in the complete molecule is called a monomer.
A polymer is a large molecule,or macromolecule, made of many…
Molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and they include suga…
Nonpolar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol.
Monomer
Each subunit in the complete molecule is called a monomer.
Polymer
A polymer is a large molecule,or macromolecule, made of many…
5 terms
molecules
carbohydrates
protein
lipid
nucleid acid
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
A group of organic compounds composed mostly of carbon and hy…
NUCLEOTIDES - information storage devices of cell
carbohydrates
Contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; ready source of energy…
protein
A macromolecule that contains the principal components of org…
16 terms
MOLECULES
galactose
cystein
cis-butene
glucose
galactose
cystein
29 terms
Molecules
L-glucose
D-glucose
D-fructose
D-ribose
L-glucose
D-glucose
11 terms
Molecules
Acid
Base
Boil
Condense
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
to change state from a liquid to a gas because of added heat
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Acid
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
Base
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
11 terms
Molecules
Acid
Base
Boil
Condense
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
to change state from a liquid to a gas because of added heat
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Acid
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
Base
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
6 terms
molecules
carbonydrate
lipid
proteins
nucleic acid
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen atom…
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Genes contain instructions for assembling
A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of the eleme…
carbonydrate
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen atom…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Molecules
Molecule
Large Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Two or more atoms bonded together
Made up of smaller organic molecules
A molecule that forms a basic unit for polymers and can bind…
A large molecule made of multiple monomers
Molecule
Two or more atoms bonded together
Large Molecules
Made up of smaller organic molecules
10 terms
Molecules
Carbonxyl
Hydroxyl
Amino
Methane
Carbonxyl
Hydroxyl
8 terms
Molecules
oxirane
oxetane
tetrahydrofuran (THF)
tetrahydropyran
oxirane
oxetane
62 terms
Molecules
Adenine... One of the four aromatic base…
Thymine... One of the four aromatic base…
Guanine... One of the four aromatic base…
Cytosine... One of the four aromatic bas…
Adenine... One of the four aromatic base…
Thymine... One of the four aromatic base…
10 terms
Molecules
Atom
Element
Atomic mass
Atomic #
Smallest unit of matter
Made up of only one type of atom ex aluminum foil no matter h…
Protons + neutrons in the nucleus round to the nearest whole…
Either protons or neutrons
Atom
Smallest unit of matter
Element
Made up of only one type of atom ex aluminum foil no matter h…
29 terms
Molecules
Sodium Acetate
Acetic/ethanoic acid
ammonium cyanate
Salicylic acid
NH4OCN
Sodium Acetate
Acetic/ethanoic acid
11 terms
molecules
trigonal planar
bent
tetrahedral
trigonal bipyramidal
330 120
422 105
440 109.5
550 90 120
trigonal planar
330 120
bent
422 105
Molecules
Solution
Dissolving
Solute
Solvent
A special mixture formed when one or more minerals dissolve i…
The process of a material becoming incorporated uniformly int…
A substance that dissolves in a solvent to form a solution
A substance that dissolves
Solution
A special mixture formed when one or more minerals dissolve i…
Dissolving
The process of a material becoming incorporated uniformly int…
87 terms
Molecules
Nucleus
Matter
Element
Chemical symbols
The part of the cell that contains DNA and aids in several bo…
Anything that has mass and exists as a solid, liquid, or gas.
Any of 116 known substances that cannot be separated into sma…
The abbreviation of the name of a chemical element. Used to i…
Nucleus
The part of the cell that contains DNA and aids in several bo…
Matter
Anything that has mass and exists as a solid, liquid, or gas.
16 terms
Molecules
Acetoacetate
Acetone
D-B-Hydroxybutyrate
Bile acid
Acetoacetate
Acetone
29 terms
Molecules
Triglyceride Structure
Polysaccharide Structure
Phospholipid Structure
ATP Structure
Triglyceride Structure
Polysaccharide Structure
18 terms
Molecules
Carbohydrates e.g
Carbohydrate atoms
Carbohydrates
Protein e.g
potatoes for immediate energy
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
long chains of glycogen and cellulose
eggs and meat for growth and repair
Carbohydrates e.g
potatoes for immediate energy
Carbohydrate atoms
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
5 terms
Molecules
Fructose
Glucose
Glycerol
Fatty Acid
- monosaccharide... - carbohydrate family... - C6H12O6
- monosaccharide... - carbohydrate family... - C6H12O6
- belongs to the lipid family... - C3H8O3
- belongs to lipid family ... - C6H12O2
Fructose
- monosaccharide... - carbohydrate family... - C6H12O6
Glucose
- monosaccharide... - carbohydrate family... - C6H12O6
Molecules
Glucose
Maltose
Glycerol
Saturated Fatty Acid
Glucose
Maltose
16 terms
Molecules
Glucose
Alpha maltose
Cytosine
Uracil
Glucose
Alpha maltose
11 terms
Molecules
Cell
Macromolecules
Molecule
Monomer
Basic unit of life
Very large molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
a small molecule that makes up a macromolecule
Cell
Basic unit of life
Macromolecules
Very large molecule
26 terms
Molecules
hexose
glycosidic
sucrose
lactose
sugar containing six carbon atoms
bond formed between two sugars
disaccharide containing glucose and fructose
disaccharide containing glucose and galactose
hexose
sugar containing six carbon atoms
glycosidic
bond formed between two sugars
8 terms
Molecule Unit
molecule
atom
element
enzyme
A group of atoms bonded together
Basic unit of matter
A substance made of only one kind of atom
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
atom
Basic unit of matter
13 terms
molecules
polymers of amino acids
organic compounds have as a major buil…
fat is one kind of
oil is considered a
Proteins
the element carbon
lipid
lipid
polymers of amino acids
Proteins
organic compounds have as a major buil…
the element carbon
52 terms
Molecules
Very large molecules
These are the molecules that are found…
Carbohydrates contain
Molecules made up of only sugar molecu…
Macromolecules
Organic molecules
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
Monosaccharides
Very large molecules
Macromolecules
These are the molecules that are found…
Organic molecules
13 terms
MOLECULES
carbohydrate
lipid
fatty acid
triglyceride
carbohydrate
lipid
10 terms
Molecules
Ice
Water
Vapor
What is the smallest amount of water y…
What do we call water in its solid state?
What do we call water in its liquid state?
What do we call water in its gas state?
Molecule
Ice
What do we call water in its solid state?
Water
What do we call water in its liquid state?
12 terms
Molecules
Gas
Liquid
Solid
Freezing
State of matter with no define shape or volume
A state of matter that has no define shape but has a volume
A state of matter that has a define volume and a define shape
The change in state from a liquid to a solid
Gas
State of matter with no define shape or volume
Liquid
A state of matter that has no define shape but has a volume
10 terms
Molecules
saturated fatty acid
unsaturated fatty acid
carbohydrate
amino acid
saturated fatty acid
unsaturated fatty acid
40 terms
Molecules
As molecule speed decreases, energy mu…
Which state has a low compressibility?
99% of the universe is in this state...
Which two states has a definite volume…
Decreased.
Solid.
Plasma
Liquid and Gas.
As molecule speed decreases, energy mu…
Decreased.
Which state has a low compressibility?
Solid.
34 terms
Molecules
macromolecules
polymer
monomer
enzymes
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together
a simple compound whose molecules can join together to form p…
proteins that act as biological catalysts
macromolecules
four main classes of large biological molecules (carbohydrate…
polymer
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together
18 terms
Molecules
What makes up the nucleus of an atom?
The center core of an atom
The atomic number =
What in the Periodic Table identifies…
protons, neutrons
nucleus
how many protons
The atomic number
What makes up the nucleus of an atom?
protons, neutrons
The center core of an atom
nucleus
18 terms
Molecules
Enol
Enolate
Beta keto ester
Amide
Ketone + H3O+
Ketone + OH-
PRODUCT of Claisen Condensation... Ester + (NaOEt, HOEt, HCl wor…
REAGENT of Hoffman rearragement... Primary amide + (Br2, NaOH, H…
Enol
Ketone + H3O+
Enolate
Ketone + OH-
19 terms
Molecules
Four categories of organic molecules
Organic molecules are based in which e…
What determines what a organic molecul…
Building blocks of carbs
Proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids.
Carbon
Form
Monosaccharides
Four categories of organic molecules
Proteins, carbs, lipids, nucleic acids.
Organic molecules are based in which e…
Carbon
Molecules
What is a Polymer?
Name 3 polymers?
Dehydration Reaction
Hydrolysis Reaction (hydration)
Long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Nucleic acids
-Connects monomers to create polymers... -lose H2O
-Breaks down polymer into monomers ... - Adds H2O
What is a Polymer?
Long molecule consisting of many similar building blocks
Name 3 polymers?
Carbohydrates ... Proteins ... Nucleic acids
8 terms
Molecules
Matter
Protons
Neutrons
Nucleus
Matter is made of atoms
+Positive charge
No charge
The center of an atom. Where protons and neutrons are located.
Matter
Matter is made of atoms
Protons
+Positive charge
6 terms
Molecules
All molecules are made of
To change a liquid to a gas you have to
To change a gas to a liquid you have to
Phase changes are
atoms
add heat energy
remove heat energy
physical changes
All molecules are made of
atoms
To change a liquid to a gas you have to
add heat energy
12 terms
Molecules
C6H12O6
6H2O
light
ATP
glucose/sugar
6 water molecules
light energy
energy
C6H12O6
glucose/sugar
6H2O
6 water molecules
9 terms
Molecules
Polymer
Pyrimidines
Purines
2 H bonds between molecules
Large molecule made up of small identical or similar subunits…
Cytosine, Thymine, Uracil
Adenine, Guanine
Adenine and Thumine
Polymer
Large molecule made up of small identical or similar subunits…
Pyrimidines
Cytosine, Thymine, Uracil
6 terms
Molecules
Tetrahetral
Pyramidal
Bent
Linear
109.5... 4 single bonds
107... 3 shared pairs + 1 unshared pair
105... 2 shared + 2 unshared
180... 2 double bonds
Tetrahetral
109.5... 4 single bonds
Pyramidal
107... 3 shared pairs + 1 unshared pair
8 terms
Molecules
Protein function
Protein examples
Carbohydrates function
Carbohydrates examples
Speeds up chemical reaction, protein synthesis, provides energy
Enzymes, catalyst, hemoglobin, collagen
Short term energy storage, quick energy, structure to organisms
Sugar, starch, glycogen, cellulose
Protein function
Speeds up chemical reaction, protein synthesis, provides energy
Protein examples
Enzymes, catalyst, hemoglobin, collagen
24 terms
Molecules
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates momer-
Carbohydrates polymer -
Carbohydrates function -
Setardyhobrac
Monosaccharide
Polysaccharide
Primary source
Carbohydrates
Setardyhobrac
Carbohydrates momer-
Monosaccharide
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