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Study sets matching "molecules ap biology"

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Study sets matching "molecules ap biology"

58 terms
AP Biology Molecules
Methyl
Hydroxyl
Carboxyl
Amine
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
-oxygen atom is double bonded to a carbon atom that is also b…
-part of the Amino chemical group... -Ex: Glycine... -Acts as a bas…
Methyl
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
Hydroxyl
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
64 terms
AP Biology: Organic Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Dehydration Synthesis
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
Chainlike molecules, consisting of many similar or identical…
Make up polymers: connected by covalent bonds.
Removing water to create a bond.
Macromolecules
Molecules composed of thousands of atoms: the four main class…
Polymer
Chainlike molecules, consisting of many similar or identical…
8 terms
AP Biology Bio-molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Protein
Nucleic Acid
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
Monomer- Amino Acid... Polymer- Polypeptide and/or dipeptide (En…
Monomer- Nucleotide... Polymer- DNA, RNA... Elements- C, H, O, N, P…
Carbohydrate
Monomer- Monosaccharide... Polymer- Polysaccharide ... Elements- C,…
Lipid
Monomer- Fatty Acid, Glycerol, Phosphate Group... Polymer- Trigl…
158 terms
AP Biology Molecules and Cells
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Metabolism
Catabolism
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Accelerates the rate of the reaction
Chemical reactions that occur in biological systems
Breakdown of substances
Activation Energy
Energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Catalyst
Accelerates the rate of the reaction
38 terms
AP Biology: Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Starch
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
This branched polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha link…
This helical polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha linka…
Monosaccharides
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
Dehydration Synthesis
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
27 terms
AP Biology: The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
functional group
hydrophilic
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
groups which attract water
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
55 terms
AP Biology: Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Chitin
Monomers, or basic building block of carbohydrates: Include g…
a reaction between molecules, where the OH from one molecule…
This branched carb polysaccharide is a source of energy in an…
Carb Polysaccharide found in insect exoskeletons
Monosaccharides
Monomers, or basic building block of carbohydrates: Include g…
Dehydration Synthesis
a reaction between molecules, where the OH from one molecule…
8 terms
AP Biology organic molecules
Carbohydrate
Lipid
Saturated fatty acid
Unsaturated fatty acid
Carbohydrate
Lipid
16 terms
AP Biology: Organic Molecules
Hydrocarbon
Functional Groups
Dehydration Synthesis
Hydrolysis
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
process that removes a hydrogen on one side and an alcohol on…
Water splits and divides a chain
Hydrocarbon
molecules of only carbon and hydrogen
Functional Groups
Groups that are added to hydrocarbon chains. Makes carbon str…
35 terms
AP Biology Molecules
Ethane
Ethene
Ethyne
Ethanol
Ethane
Ethene
20 terms
AP Biology: The Molecules of Life
What are the four groups of macromolec…
What are the monomers/polymers of carb…
What are the functions of monosacchari…
What are the functions of polysacchari…
(1) Carbohydrates (2) Lipids (fats) (3) Proteins (4) Nucleic…
Monomers: monoaccharides like glucose and fructose; Polymers:…
They provide easy energy ... They don't need to be broken dow…
They provide structure in organisms, they also are way to sto…
What are the four groups of macromolec…
(1) Carbohydrates (2) Lipids (fats) (3) Proteins (4) Nucleic…
What are the monomers/polymers of carb…
Monomers: monoaccharides like glucose and fructose; Polymers:…
AP Biology Cells/Molecules
Active transport
Amphipathic
Aquaporin
Carrier Protein
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy.
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
A membrane protein, specifically a transport protein, that fa…
A membrane protein, specifically a transport protein, that ho…
Active transport
The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy.
Amphipathic
A molecule that has both a hydrophilic region and a hydrophob…
33 terms
AP Biology: Functional Groups & Classes of Molecules
Hydroxyl: Structure (diagram)
Carbonyl: Ketone/Aldehyde (general dia…
Ketone definition
Aldehyde Defnition
if the carbonyl group is within a carbon skeleton
If the carbonyl group is at the end of the carbon chain
Hydroxyl: Structure (diagram)
Carbonyl: Ketone/Aldehyde (general dia…
AP Biology : Organic Molecules
what does Carbonhydrates Consist of?
What are examples of Monosaccharides
Disaccharides consist of what
dehydration synthesis (Condensation)
carbon,hydrogen,oxygen
glucose, galactose and fructose
two monosaccharides joined together
when two monosaccharides with the release of one molecule of…
what does Carbonhydrates Consist of?
carbon,hydrogen,oxygen
What are examples of Monosaccharides
glucose, galactose and fructose
40 terms
AP Biology: Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Starch
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
This branched polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha link…
This helical polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha linka…
Monosaccharides
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
Dehydration Synthesis
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
AP Biology Molecule Flashcards
Methyl
Hydroxyl
Carboxyl
Amine
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
-oxygen atom is double bonded to a carbon atom that is also b…
-part of the Amino chemical group... -Ex: Glycine... -Acts as a bas…
Methyl
-has one carbon bonded to 3 hydrogen atoms... -when added to DNA…
Hydroxyl
-hydrogen atom is bonded to an oxygen atom... -alcohols (ethanol…
63 terms
Unit 2 - Biological molecules - AP Biology
buffer
enzyme
Carbohydrate
Lipid
A solution that resists changes in pH when limited amounts of…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A simple or complex compound composed of carbon, oxygen and h…
Any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or t…
buffer
A solution that resists changes in pH when limited amounts of…
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
27 terms
AP Biology: The Molecules of Life
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
functional group
hydrophilic
carbon-based molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
a group of atoms within a molecule that interacts in predicta…
groups which attract water
organic molecules
carbon-based molecules
inorganic molecules
non-carbon-based molecules such as water, oxygen, and ammonia
23 terms
AP Biology Organic Molecules
Organic Compound
Macromolecules
Valence
Hydrocarbons
compound containing carbon
huge molecules, protein, carbohydrates, nucleic acids
number of bonds an atom can form
molecules consisting of only carbon and hydrogen
Organic Compound
compound containing carbon
Macromolecules
huge molecules, protein, carbohydrates, nucleic acids
24 terms
AP Biology Organic Molecules
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
Carbohydrate
Subclasses: glucose, sugars, monosaccharides
Ex. glycogen (animals), starch (plants), cellulose, chitin, b…
1C:2H:1O (C,H,O)
Hexagon or pentagon shape/ ring structures
Carbohydrate
Subclasses: glucose, sugars, monosaccharides
Carbohydrate
Ex. glycogen (animals), starch (plants), cellulose, chitin, b…
16 terms
AP Biology: Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Starch
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
This branched polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha link…
This helical polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha linka…
Monosaccharides
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
Dehydration Synthesis
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
40 terms
AP Biology: Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Starch
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
This branched polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha link…
This helical polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha linka…
Monosaccharides
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
Dehydration Synthesis
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
AP biology Molecules
a membrane consists of
The lipid bilayer
Phospholipids are
Phospholipids in the lipid bilayer
a lipid bilayer that has a mosaic of proteins embedded in it
is two layers of phospholipids
amphipathic- both hydrophobic and hydrophilic
are arranged with their hydrophobic heads exposed on the top…
a membrane consists of
a lipid bilayer that has a mosaic of proteins embedded in it
The lipid bilayer
is two layers of phospholipids
54 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4/5 - Carbon Molecules and Biological Molecules
Vitalism
Isomers
Enantiomer
Amino
Refers to the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction…
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
Isomers that are mirror images of each other and that differ…
Vitalism
Refers to the belief in a life force outside the jurisdiction…
Isomers
Compounds that have the same numbers of atoms of the same ele…
12 terms
AP Biology: Macro molecules
Monomer
Polymer
How are structure and Function of poly…
Dehydration synthesis
small molecules that make up polymers
a large molecule made of monomers
How the molecules are assembled
the process of removing a water molecule to form a polymer
Monomer
small molecules that make up polymers
Polymer
a large molecule made of monomers
16 terms
AP Biology: Molecules of Life
4 classes of large biological molecules
Macromolecules
hydroxyl
carbonyl
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
-OH gives polar properties to compounds
-C=O double bonded to oxygen. Can act as an acid.... |
4 classes of large biological molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids
Macromolecules
large molecules composed of thousands of covalently connected…
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Chemistry Of Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Biomolecules
The chemistry of living organisms
The chemistry of nonliving matter
Molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Classes of organic compounds in living things: carbohydrates,…
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistry
The chemistry of nonliving matter
21 terms
AP Biology - Molecules of Life
What are organic molecules?
What are the backbones or organic mole…
What are the four main categories?
How many common monomers exist to buil…
-Molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen... -Struct…
Polymers of monomers in the form of macromolecules
Carbohydrates (Most Simplistic)... Lipids... Proteins (Most Compl…
40 - 50, but arrangement dictates which molecule is formed
What are organic molecules?
-Molecules that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen... -Struct…
What are the backbones or organic mole…
Polymers of monomers in the form of macromolecules
123 terms
AP Biology: Cells, AP Biology Molecules
Cell
Cytoplasm
Plasma Membrane
Peripheral Proteins
Basic functional unit of all living things
Consists of specialized bodies (organelles) suspended in a fl…
Separates internal metabolic events from the external environ…
Proteins that attach to the inner or outer surface of the mem…
Cell
Basic functional unit of all living things
Cytoplasm
Consists of specialized bodies (organelles) suspended in a fl…
59 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 - The Chemistry Of Organic Molecules
Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Organic Molecules
Biomolecules
The chemistry of living organisms
The chemistry of nonliving matter
Molecules that contain both carbon and hydrogen atoms
Classes of organic compounds in living things: carbohydrates,…
Organic Chemistry
The chemistry of living organisms
Inorganic Chemistry
The chemistry of nonliving matter
60 terms
AP Biology (DNA: The Molecule)
DNA
Nucleic Acids
RNA
Nucleotides
Controls which proteins are made, some of them are enzymes, b…
I.E. DNA and RNA
Uses ribose... Pairs bases as A-U, G-C (adenine bonds with uraci…
Made up of a phosphate group, a simple sugar, and a nitrogen…
DNA
Controls which proteins are made, some of them are enzymes, b…
Nucleic Acids
I.E. DNA and RNA
11 terms
Molecules of Life_PreAP Biology
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
Water... Carbonhydrates... Lipids... Nucleic Ac…
Carbon
Cohesion
What are the 4 most common elements in living organisms?
What are the 5 most common compounds in living organisms?
Organic compounds all include the element ____
Attraction between molecules of the same substance (Ex: Water…
Carbon... Hydrogen... Oxygen... Nitrogen
What are the 4 most common elements in living organisms?
Water... Carbonhydrates... Lipids... Nucleic Ac…
What are the 5 most common compounds in living organisms?
54 terms
Molecules of Biology
Atom
Chemical Reaction
Molecule
Compound
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
A group of atoms held together by covalent bonds; the smalles…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Chemical Reaction
A process during which chemical bonds between atoms are broke…
44 terms
AP Biology Molecules Structure and Function
All macro-molecules have monomers name…
What are monomers
All macro-Molecules also have polymers…
What reaction results in monomers
Carbohydrate-----monosaccharide ... Lipids------ fatty acids and…
monomers are small sub units that build up to form polymers
Carbohydrates---- Polysaccharides... Lipids----tri-glycerol (thr…
hydrolysis
All macro-molecules have monomers name…
Carbohydrate-----monosaccharide ... Lipids------ fatty acids and…
What are monomers
monomers are small sub units that build up to form polymers
60 terms
AP Biology: The Chemistry of Organic Molecules
What is organic chemistry?
What are the four class of biomolecules?
How is the diversity of life possible?
Why is carbon important to living thin…
the chemistry ot living things, organic molecules are ones th…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Due to diversity of organic molecules
It can bond with itself to form long carbon chains or rings o…
What is organic chemistry?
the chemistry ot living things, organic molecules are ones th…
What are the four class of biomolecules?
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
70 terms
P-AP Biology Review over Molecules
If a molecule is described as a macrom…
Describe the relationship between a mo…
Are all macromolecules polymers? Expla…
What inorganic substance is required t…
Macromolecule is a large molecule
A polymer is made up of many monomers.
No, not all macromolecules are polymers. A lipid is an exampl…
Water
If a molecule is described as a macrom…
Macromolecule is a large molecule
Describe the relationship between a mo…
A polymer is made up of many monomers.
26 terms
AP Biology Chemistry of Organic Molecules
Organic Molecule
Carbon
Functional Groups
Amino Group
A molecule that contains carbon and hydrogen; it may also hav…
Has four electrons in outer shell, therefore make up to four…
clusters of certain atoms, attached to the carbon back bone
consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms and…
Organic Molecule
A molecule that contains carbon and hydrogen; it may also hav…
Carbon
Has four electrons in outer shell, therefore make up to four…
31 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5: Biological Molecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomers
Synthesis and Break down of Polymers
large polymers consisting of chains of monomers
long molecule consisting of a chain of many similar small, mo…
small building block of the polymer
to synthsize polymers, a dehydration reaction occurs ... polymer…
Macromolecules
large polymers consisting of chains of monomers
Polymer
long molecule consisting of a chain of many similar small, mo…
74 terms
AP Biology Ch. 5 Large Molecules
What are the four main classes of larg…
Which 3 classes of molecules are calle…
What is a polymer?
What is a monomer?
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids... - lipids
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids
a long molecule composed of linked monomers
the building blocks of polymers
What are the four main classes of larg…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids... - lipids
Which 3 classes of molecules are calle…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids
AP Biology- Chemistry: Atoms, Molecules, Ions and Bonds
atom
Molecule
Electronegativity
Ionic Bonds
consists of positively charged protons and neutrally charged…
groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
the ability of an atom to attract electrons
form between two atoms when one or more electrons are transfe…
atom
consists of positively charged protons and neutrally charged…
Molecule
groups of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
71 terms
AP Biology Ch. 5 Large Biological Molecules
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
polymer
monomers
What are the 4 classes of large molecules?
What 3 large molecules are macromolecules that are chain-like…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
The repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucle…
What are the 4 classes of large molecules?
carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids
What 3 large molecules are macromolecules that are chain-like…
40 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3- Biological Molecules
Monosaccharides
Dehydration Synthesis
Glycogen
Starch
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
This branched polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha link…
This helical polysaccharide is formed through 1-4 alpha linka…
Monosaccharides
Monomers of carbohydrates: Include glucose, galactose, and fr…
Dehydration Synthesis
A reaction carried out by an enzyme that results in a loss of…
74 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Large Molecules
What are the four main classes of larg…
Which 3 classes of molecules are calle…
What is a polymer?
What is a monomer?
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids... - lipids
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids
a long molecule composed of linked monomers
the building blocks of polymers
What are the four main classes of larg…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids... - lipids
Which 3 classes of molecules are calle…
- carbohydrates... - proteins... - nucleic acids
49 terms
AP Biology Ch 3: Molecules of Life
Organic Molecule
Monomer
Polymer
Functional Group
Molecule consisting primarily of hydrogen and carbon atoms, i…
A small organic molecule that is used as a subunit of a large…
A molecule that consists of multiple monomers.
A cluster of atoms covalently bonded to a carbon atom of an o…
Organic Molecule
Molecule consisting primarily of hydrogen and carbon atoms, i…
Monomer
A small organic molecule that is used as a subunit of a large…
18 terms
AP BIOLOGY CHAPTER 4 QUIZ ORGANIC MOLECULES
Hydroxyl (-OH)
Carbonyl (C>C=O)
Carboxyl (-COOH)
Amino Group (-NH2)
They form hydrogen bonds with water. They are polar due to el…
They are sugars with ketone groups called ketoses and aldehyd…
They act as an acid because of the polar covalent bond betwee…
They act as a base. They can pickup H+ ions from the surround…
Hydroxyl (-OH)
They form hydrogen bonds with water. They are polar due to el…
Carbonyl (C>C=O)
They are sugars with ketone groups called ketoses and aldehyd…
PreAP Biology Unit 3: Molecules of Life Quizlet #3
macromolecule
polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar mono…
The subunit that serves as a building block of a polymer.
A chemical reaction in which two molecules become covalently…
macromolecule
A giant molecule formed by the joining of smaller molecules,…
polymer
A large molecule consisting of many identical or similar mono…
36 terms
Unit 1: Water and molecules ap biology
Hydrogen bond
Polar molecule
Non-polar covalent bond
Adhesion
A weak bond formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom o…
Molecule with uneven distribution of charges in different reg…
Covalent bond in which electrons are shared equally between t…
Clinging of one substance to another by means of hydrogen bon…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed when the slightly positive hydrogen atom o…
Polar molecule
Molecule with uneven distribution of charges in different reg…
AP BIOLOGY Chapter 3 - The Molecules of the Cell
Organic compounds
Hydrocarbons
Carbon skeleton
Isomers
a chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
a chemical compound composed only of the elements carbon and…
the chain of carbon atoms that forms the structural backbone…
organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
Organic compounds
a chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Hydrocarbons
a chemical compound composed only of the elements carbon and…
9 terms
AP BIOLOGY MACRO MOLECULE QUIZ
carbohydrate bond
lipid bond
protein bond
nucleic acid bond
glycosidic linkage
ester linkage
peptide bond
phosphodiester linkage
carbohydrate bond
glycosidic linkage
lipid bond
ester linkage
12 terms
Pre ap Biology 1: Carbon Based Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Carbohydrate
Lipid
A subunit of a complete molecule.
A large molecule made of... many monomers bonded together.
Molecule composer of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon. They inclu…
Nonpolar molecules that include fats, oils, and cholesterol.…
Monomer
A subunit of a complete molecule.
Polymer
A large molecule made of... many monomers bonded together.
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