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Study sets matching "molecules"

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Study sets matching "molecules"

9 terms
Molecules
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
Ionic bond
The joining of atoms to form new substances
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
Chemical Bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical Bond
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
7 terms
Molecules
Chemical bonding
Chemical bond
Valence electrons
Covalent bond
the joining of atoms to form new substances
a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between the nuceli of atoms and the e…
Chemical bonding
the joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical bond
a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
32 terms
Molecules
methane molecule
ammonia molecule
carbon dioxide molecule
oxygen molecule
methane molecule
ammonia molecule
13 terms
Molecules
organic compound
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccaharide
compounds that contain carbon
large molecules of similar subunits jointed together by coval…
sugars; composed of C,H, O
"saccharide" means sugar; the simplest carbohydrate
organic compound
compounds that contain carbon
polymer
large molecules of similar subunits jointed together by coval…
10 terms
Molecules
Molecule
Large Molecules
Monomer
Polymer
Two or more atoms bonded together
Made up of smaller organic molecules
A molecule that forms a basic unit for polymers and can bind…
A large molecule made of multiple monomers
Molecule
Two or more atoms bonded together
Large Molecules
Made up of smaller organic molecules
13 terms
Molecules
glucose
fructose
sucrose
maltose
Fructose + glucose
glucose + glucose
glucose
fructose
MOLECULES
macromolecule
digestion
synthesis
carbohydrate
a large molecule
to break down
to bring together
contains carbon and hydrogen
macromolecule
a large molecule
digestion
to break down
7 terms
Molecules
molecule
compound
covalent bond
ion
atoms may form with other atoms to form units
molecules produced by chemical change coming from two or more…
atoms share pairs of electrons
an atom that has gained or lost electrons
molecule
atoms may form with other atoms to form units
compound
molecules produced by chemical change coming from two or more…
14 terms
Molecules
poly-
mono-
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
many
one
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
poly-
many
mono-
one
22 terms
Molecules
amino acid
biomolecule
carbohydrate
catalyst
monomer of proteins
any molecule that is present in living organisms, including l…
Any of the group of organic compounds consisting of carbon, h…
also known as enzymes; Enzymes are soluble protein molecules…
amino acid
monomer of proteins
biomolecule
any molecule that is present in living organisms, including l…
9 terms
Molecules
Chemical bonding
Chemical bond
Valence electrons
Covalent bond
the joining of atoms to form new substances
a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between the nuceli of atoms and the e…
Chemical bonding
the joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical bond
a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
14 terms
Molecules
osmosis
amino acid
hydrolysis
carbohydrate
the diffusion of water from areas of high concentration to low
building blocks of proteins
a reaction where water is added to break apart a large molecule
a type of molecule that is used to provide energy, as well as…
osmosis
the diffusion of water from areas of high concentration to low
amino acid
building blocks of proteins
11 terms
Molecules
Chemical bonding
Chemical bond
Valence electrons
Covalent bond
Def. the joining of atoms to form new substances
Def. a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between the nuceli of atoms and the e…
Chemical bonding
Def. the joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical bond
Def. a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
Molecules
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Ionic bond
Ions
The joining of atoms to form new substances
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
Charged particles that form during chemical changes when one…
Chemical Bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical Bond
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
11 terms
Molecules
Elements
Compounds
Dihydrogen Monoxide
Carbon Dioxide
Ex. Au, Ca, H2, O2, O3
2 or more different atoms that are chemically combined.... Ex. H…
H2O
CO2
Elements
Ex. Au, Ca, H2, O2, O3
Compounds
2 or more different atoms that are chemically combined.... Ex. H…
295 terms
molecules
1 monossacharide+1 monossacharide
glucose+fructose
dehydration synthesis/ condensation
Polysaccharide
Disaccharide
Sucrose(table sugar)
In order to join 2 molecules, a water must be removed.... (peein…
more than 2 monosaccharide put together... (chain or monosacchar…
1 monossacharide+1 monossacharide
Disaccharide
glucose+fructose
Sucrose(table sugar)
19 terms
Molecules
molecule
chemical change or reaction
compound
chemical formula
atoms may form with other atoms to form units
atoms form with different types of atoms
molecules produced by chemical change coming from two or more…
uses chemical symbols and numbers ot abbrevite the name of a…
molecule
atoms may form with other atoms to form units
chemical change or reaction
atoms form with different types of atoms
10 terms
molécules
eau
dioxyde de carbone
dioxygène
diazote
H₂O
CO₂
O₂
N₂
eau
H₂O
dioxyde de carbone
CO₂
11 terms
Molecules
Acid
Base
Boil
Condense
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
to change state from a liquid to a gas because of added heat
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Acid
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
Base
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
40 terms
molecules
Carbohydrates
Monosaccharide
Alpha Glucose:
Beta Glucose
include both sugars and polymers of sugars. The simplest carb…
the simplest kind of carbohydrate. It consists of a single su…
α the H is above and the OH is below on the right side.
β OH above and H on bottom on the right.
Carbohydrates
include both sugars and polymers of sugars. The simplest carb…
Monosaccharide
the simplest kind of carbohydrate. It consists of a single su…
47 terms
Molecules
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
Polypeptide
Nucleotide
Alpha Glucose
What is B?
What is C?
What is D?
What is E?
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
What is B?
Polypeptide
What is C?
11 terms
Molecules
Maltose
Fructose
Cysteine
Glycine
Maltose
Fructose
24 terms
Molecules
Molecule
Compound
chemical formula
subscript
two or more atoms held together by bonds
a substance formed two or more distinct elements combined
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
a number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
Molecule
two or more atoms held together by bonds
Compound
a substance formed two or more distinct elements combined
5 terms
Les molécules
Hydroxyle
Carboxyle
Carbonyle
étheroxyde
O=C
Hydroxyle
Carboxyle
Molecules
Molecule
Large Molecule
Proteins
Amino Acids
The simplest unit of a chemical compound that can exist, form…
Molecules made up of many atoms bonded together
Biomolecules made of amino acids that perform biological func…
The molecular building blocks of proteins
Molecule
The simplest unit of a chemical compound that can exist, form…
Large Molecule
Molecules made up of many atoms bonded together
55 terms
Molecules
ethylene glycol
propylene glycol
glycerol
methyl vinyl ketone
ethylene glycol
propylene glycol
22 terms
Molecules
Condense
Hydroxide
Chemical change
Suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
Condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid
Hydroxide
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
22 terms
Molecules
condense
hydroxide ion
chemical change
suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid
hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
22 terms
Molecules
Hydroxide ion
Chemical change
Suspension
Electron shell
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into new…
heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended i…
the path or orbit electrons follow around the nucleus of an a…
Hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
Chemical change
chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into new…
11 terms
Molecules
Chemical bonding
Chemical bond
Valence electrons
Covalent bond
Def. the joining of atoms to form new substances
Def. a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between the nuceli of atoms and the e…
Chemical bonding
Def. the joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical bond
Def. a force of attraction that holds two atoms together
11 terms
Molecules
solution
solvent
solute
concentration
a kind of mixture which one substance is completely and evenl…
The substance doing the dissolving. Water would be the solven…
The substance that is to be dissolved. In Kool Aid, the solut…
The amount of solute compered to the amount of solvent in a s…
solution
a kind of mixture which one substance is completely and evenl…
solvent
The substance doing the dissolving. Water would be the solven…
16 terms
Molecules
Chemical Bonding
Chemical bond
Valence electrons
Ionic bond
The joining of atoms to form new substances
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
The electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom; these…
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
Chemical Bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical bond
A force of attraction that holds two atoms together
15 terms
Molecules
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
Ionic Bond
The joining of atoms to form new substances
A force of attraction that holds 2 atoms together
The electrons in the outermost level of an atom; these electr…
The force of attraction between oppositely charged ions
Chemical Bonding
The joining of atoms to form new substances
Chemical Bond
A force of attraction that holds 2 atoms together
Molecules
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
Polypeptide
Nucleotide
Alpha Glucose
What is B?
What is C?
What is D?
What is E?
Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
What is B?
Polypeptide
What is C?
10 terms
Molecules
Selectively permeable.
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Cells have a membrane that act like a screen or a window. It…
The movement of substances without using energy. 3 Types
The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration…
With diffusion the molecules will continue to spread until th…
Selectively permeable.
Cells have a membrane that act like a screen or a window. It…
Passive Transport
The movement of substances without using energy. 3 Types
12 terms
Molecules
B-A-B... B-A=B
B-A-B... |... B
B... |... B-A=B... |... B
B\ /B... A... B/ \B... |... B
linear... 180
trigonal planar... 120
tetrahedral... 109.5
trigonal bipyramidal... 120 / 90
B-A-B... B-A=B
linear... 180
B-A-B... |... B
trigonal planar... 120
22 terms
Molecules
Condense
Hydroxide ion
Chemical change
Suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
Condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
22 terms
Molecules
Condense
Hydroxide ion
Chemical change
Suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
Condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
22 terms
Molecules
Condense
Hydroxide ion
Chemical change
Suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
Condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
22 terms
Molecules
Condense
Hydroxide ion
Chemical change
Suspension
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
a chemical reaction; a process that changes substances into n…
a heterogeneous mixture in which fine particles are suspended…
Condense
to turn from a gas into a liquid (related word: condensation)
Hydroxide ion
in chemistry, an ion having a negative charge consisting of o…
21 terms
Molecules
Mono-
Di-
Poly-
Saccharide-
One
Two
Many
Sugar
Mono-
One
Di-
Two
Molecules
glucose
fructose
galactose
lactose
Which monosaccharide is this?
Which monosaccharide is this?
Which monosaccharide is this?
Which disaccharide is this?
glucose
Which monosaccharide is this?
fructose
Which monosaccharide is this?
8 terms
Molecules
D-glyceraldehyde
dihydroxyacetone
D-glucose (Fischer)
D-glucose (ring)
D-glyceraldehyde
dihydroxyacetone
19 terms
Molecules
Atom
Chemical Bond
Chemical Equation
Chemical Reaction
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
the forces that hold atoms together, these may be ionic, cova…
the shorthand form for writing what reactants are used and wh…
a chemical change; a process that changes substances into new…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
Chemical Bond
the forces that hold atoms together, these may be ionic, cova…
10 terms
Molecules
Acid
Base
Boil
Condense
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
to change state from a liquid to a gas because of added heat
to turn from a gas into a liquid
Acid
any substance with a pH less than 7; acids turn blue litmus p…
Base
any substance with a pH higher than 7; bases turn red litmus…
5 terms
molecules
lipid
carbohydrates
protein
nucleic acid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
A biological macromolecule (DNA or RNA) composed of the eleme…
lipid
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
carbohydrates
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
15 terms
Molecules
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Nucleic Acids
Used for quick energy. Monomer is Monosaccharide
Cause chemical reactions, Helps hold structure, Main Part of…
Stores energy (Fat) and helps distribute water evenly through…
Hold Genetic Information And Helps With Heredity. Monomers Ar…
Carbohydrates
Used for quick energy. Monomer is Monosaccharide
Proteins
Cause chemical reactions, Helps hold structure, Main Part of…
5 terms
Molecules
Molecules
Compounds
Molecular Formula
Let's look at the molecule for sugar
Any time two atoms join together, they make a molecule. All t…
When atoms of different types of elements join together, they…
There are only just over 100 types of atoms, but there are mi…
C6 - 6 carbon atoms... H12 - 12 hydrogen atoms... O6 - 6 oxygen ato…
Molecules
Any time two atoms join together, they make a molecule. All t…
Compounds
When atoms of different types of elements join together, they…
9 terms
molecules
polysaccharide
monosaccharide
protein
carbohydrate
a long chain of monosaccharide linked
a single sugar like glucose that is the building block of car…
molecule that has many purposes in our cells ;helps our cells…
molecule that provides quick energy to cells - sugars
polysaccharide
a long chain of monosaccharide linked
monosaccharide
a single sugar like glucose that is the building block of car…
8 terms
Molecules
Proteins
Carbs
Nucleic acid
Lipids
Proteins
Carbs
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