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Study sets matching "momentum chapter 3"

Chapter 3: Momentum
Momentum
Impulse
Conservation of momentum
Law of conservation of momentum
Property of moving things; means intertia in motion
Product of force and time
Remains unchanged under certain conditions
In the absence of an external force, the momentum of a system…
Momentum
Property of moving things; means intertia in motion
Impulse
Product of force and time
17 terms
Chapter 3 - Momentum and Energy: Vocabulary
Conservation of energy for machines
Efficiency
Elastic collision
Energy
The work output of any machine cannot exceed the work input.…
The percentage of the work put into a machine that is convert…
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
The property of a system that enables it to do work
Conservation of energy for machines
The work output of any machine cannot exceed the work input.…
Efficiency
The percentage of the work put into a machine that is convert…
5 terms
Chapter 3 Momentum & Energy
Momentum
Impulse
Change of Momentum
Elastic Collision
The mass of an object multiplied by its speed or velocity
The application of a force over time that causes a change in…
????
Occurs when objects bounce off each other without losing kine…
Momentum
The mass of an object multiplied by its speed or velocity
Impulse
The application of a force over time that causes a change in…
27 terms
Chapter 3 Momentum and Energy
If both the mass and speed of an objec…
If the mass of an object decreases to…
Your friend says that impulse equals m…
A car and a heavy truck roll down a hi…
is quadrupled.
remains unchanged. ... Explanation:... m/2 2v = mv
change.... Explanation:... Your friend should say that impulse equa…
more.... Here we have more mass at the same speed for more momen…
If both the mass and speed of an objec…
is quadrupled.
If the mass of an object decreases to…
remains unchanged. ... Explanation:... m/2 2v = mv
26 terms
MCAT Physics Chapter 3 - Work, Energy, & Momentum
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Total Mechanical Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
E = PE + KE... E = total mechanical energy... PE = potential energ…
Energy is never created or destroyed;accounts for nonconserva…
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Potential Energy
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
26 terms
MCAT Physics Chapter 3 - Work, Energy, & Momentum
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Total Mechanical Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
E = PE + KE... E = total mechanical energy... PE = potential energ…
Energy is never created or destroyed;accounts for nonconserva…
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Potential Energy
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
26 terms
MCAT Physics Chapter 3 - Work, Energy, & Momentum
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Total Mechanical Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
E = PE + KE... E = total mechanical energy... PE = potential energ…
Energy is never created or destroyed;accounts for nonconserva…
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion... K = ½mv²... SI units: Joule (J) = kg*m²/s² ... m…
Potential Energy
Energy of an object due to its height from ground level ... PE…
15 terms
Physics Chapter 3: Work, Energy, Power and Momentum
Work
ramp
Gravitational Potential Energy
potential energy
work is directly proportional to force and distance... W=Fxd
"inclined plane" a flat supporting surface tilted at an angle…
energy available stored in objects height
-possible energy that every object contains... -stored (latent)…
Work
work is directly proportional to force and distance... W=Fxd
ramp
"inclined plane" a flat supporting surface tilted at an angle…
18 terms
MCAT Physics Chapter 3 (Work, Energy, and Momentum)
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Total Mechanical Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
-energy of motion ... -unit: joules
-When an object with mass has the potential to do something.…
E = U + K... -Doesn't account for other energies (aka thermal)
Energy is never created or destroyed
Kinetic Energy
-energy of motion ... -unit: joules
Potential Energy
-When an object with mass has the potential to do something.…
11 terms
Chapter 3 - Newton's Third Law and Momentum
newton's third law
momentum
impulse
law of conservation of momentum
for every action force, there is a reaction force equal in st…
the mass of an object multiplied by its speed or velocity
the product of force x time that causes a change in momentum
in the absence of external forces, the total momentum of a sy…
newton's third law
for every action force, there is a reaction force equal in st…
momentum
the mass of an object multiplied by its speed or velocity
21 terms
Geophys Chapter 3 Impulse and Momentum
Define Momentum
momentum=
momentum= (when direction is not impor…
The more mass an object has the more _…
inertia in motion
mass x velocity
mass x speed
momentum
Define Momentum
inertia in motion
momentum=
mass x velocity
Chapter 3: Momentum, Work & Energy
If the mass of an object decreases to…
A 1-kg ball has twice as much speed as…
Which of the following equations best…
When a cannonball is shot from a canno…
remains unchanged.
B. 5 times as much momentum
Ft = Dmv.
equal and opposite.
If the mass of an object decreases to…
remains unchanged.
A 1-kg ball has twice as much speed as…
B. 5 times as much momentum
30 terms
Chapter 3 - Momentum and Energy: Comprehension
Which has a greater momentum: an autom…
When a ball is hit with a given force,…
Why is it a good idea to extend your b…
Why would it be a bad idea to have the…
A moving skateboard because it has speed, or velocity
...
Giving the ball more time to change momentum means less force…
...
Which has a greater momentum: an autom…
A moving skateboard because it has speed, or velocity
When a ball is hit with a given force,…
...
10 terms
Chapter 21 Section 3 Momentum
mass
inertia
weight
momentum
Amount of matter in an object.
Resistance of an object to a change in its motion
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
Measure of how hard it is to stop an object, Mass x Velocity
mass
Amount of matter in an object.
inertia
Resistance of an object to a change in its motion
16 terms
P2 Chapter 3 - Energy, work and momentum
What is the conservation of energy?
What is the unit of power?
What is power?
What is the unit of work done?
Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only be transfe…
The Watt (capital W).
Power is the rate at which one form of energy is transferred…
The Joule (capital J)
What is the conservation of energy?
Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only be transfe…
What is the unit of power?
The Watt (capital W).
12 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 3: Momentum, Work & Energy
Momentum
Angular momentum
Impulse
How do you change the MOMENTUM of an o…
The inertia of a moving object. ... P=m•v... The quantity of movi…
The momentum of an object traveling in a curved path. ... L=m•v•r
Is the product of a net force acting on an object through som…
Change its velocity ... Apply a: Net Force
Momentum
The inertia of a moving object. ... P=m•v... The quantity of movi…
Angular momentum
The momentum of an object traveling in a curved path. ... L=m•v•r
23 terms
PHSC 101 - Chapter 3 - Momentum and Energy
What is Momentum?
Momentum Formula
High mass or high velocity
High mass and high velocity
Is inertia in motion defined as the product of mass and veloc…
Momentum = mass x velocity
high momentum
higher momentum
What is Momentum?
Is inertia in motion defined as the product of mass and veloc…
Momentum Formula
Momentum = mass x velocity
Physics. Chapter 3.7: Impulse and momentum
Define momentum
Define impluse
Derive the impulse- momentum Theorem
Derive the law of conservation is energy
Body mass "m" moving at velocity "v" is the product of the ma…
Is the product of the forces and times it is applied... I=FT
F = ma ... F= m(vf - vi)/t ... F=(mvf -mvi)/t ... F= (pf - pi)/t ... F =…
F1 = -F2 m1 ... F1Δt = -F2Δt v*1 ... Δp1 = -Δp2 m1 (v1* - v1) = m2(…
Define momentum
Body mass "m" moving at velocity "v" is the product of the ma…
Define impluse
Is the product of the forces and times it is applied... I=FT
53 terms
Chapter 3 Momentum and Impulse - Mastering Physics
A lunar vehicle is tested on Earth at…
When the speed of an object is doubled…
Which has greater momentum: an automob…
When a ball is hit with a given force,…
its momentum is the same
doubles
moving skateboard
Change in momentum, and speed, is proportional to impulse, wh…
A lunar vehicle is tested on Earth at…
its momentum is the same
When the speed of an object is doubled…
doubles
8 terms
Momentum 3
Inelastic Collision
Elastic Collision
Collision
Momentum (definition)
a collision where two items collide and they stick together
when 2 objects collide and bounce off of each other
A situation in which two objects in close contact exchange en…
The quantity of motion of a moving body.
Inelastic Collision
a collision where two items collide and they stick together
Elastic Collision
when 2 objects collide and bounce off of each other
79 terms
Chapter 3 Momentum and Impulse - Formative Quiz
A freight train rolls along a track wi…
A heavy truck and a small truck roll d…
The unit kilowatt-hour is a unit of
A hydraulic jack is used to lift an au…
doubled
momentum
energy
2000 N
A freight train rolls along a track wi…
doubled
A heavy truck and a small truck roll d…
momentum
10 terms
Chapter 3 - Momentum and Energy: RA Test
A 1-kg ball has the same speed as a 10…
In the absence of external forces, mom…
If the running speed of Fast Freda dou…
Which of these equation best explains…
10 time as much momentum
Either an elastic or an inelastic collision
Momentum
Ft = ^ (mv)
A 1-kg ball has the same speed as a 10…
10 time as much momentum
In the absence of external forces, mom…
Either an elastic or an inelastic collision
18 terms
Chapter 5: Momentum
elastic collision
impulse
impulse-momentum relationship
inelastic collision
colliding objects bounce; little deformation of objects occur
Ft; change of momentum; reason why you can break a stack of b…
impulse = change of momentum; by increasing the time over whi…
colliding objects stick together; much deformation of objects…
elastic collision
colliding objects bounce; little deformation of objects occur
impulse
Ft; change of momentum; reason why you can break a stack of b…
11 terms
CHAPTER 8, MOMENTUM
MOMENTUM (p)
MOMENTUM AND MASS
MOMENTUM AND VELOCITY
IMPULSE
"inertia in motion"... mass x velocity... kg - m/s
The more mass an object has, the greater the momentum.... DIREC…
The more velocity an object has, the greater the momentum.... D…
A "change in momentum"... Created by applying a force over a pe…
MOMENTUM (p)
"inertia in motion"... mass x velocity... kg - m/s
MOMENTUM AND MASS
The more mass an object has, the greater the momentum.... DIREC…
20 terms
Chapter 2: Momentum and Impulse & Chapter 3: Conservation of Momentum & Chapter 4: Projectile Motion & Chapter 10: Organic Chemistry
Momentum
Impulse
Newton's Second Law in terms of momentum
Elastic Collisions
The product of the mass and velocity of the object (mv)
The product of the net force and the contact time.
The net force acting on an object is equal to the rate of cha…
A collision in which both momentum and kinetic energy are con…
Momentum
The product of the mass and velocity of the object (mv)
Impulse
The product of the net force and the contact time.
17 terms
Chapter 6: Momentum
mass x velocity (mv)
kgm(s^-1)
total momentum of objects before colli…
When both kinetic energy and momentum…
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
Units of momentum
Conservation of momentum (in a closed system)
Perfectly elastic collision
mass x velocity (mv)
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
kgm(s^-1)
Units of momentum
10 terms
Chapter 8: Momentum
Momentum
Impulse
Law of Conservation of Momentum
Elastic Collision
This is "inertia in motion". It refers to a the quantity of m…
In a collision, an object experiences a force for a given amo…
This law states that, in the absence of an external force, th…
This occurs when objects collide without permanent deformatio…
Momentum
This is "inertia in motion". It refers to a the quantity of m…
Impulse
In a collision, an object experiences a force for a given amo…
77 terms
Chapter 7: Momentum
p
kgm/s
∆p
∆p
symbol for momentum
units for momentum
symbol for change in momenum
symbol for impulse
p
symbol for momentum
kgm/s
units for momentum
21 terms
Science Chapter 3: Work, Power, Energy, Momentum, and Impulse
what does impulse involve
raising a 2x as massive car takes how…
If you push an object a given distance…
An object lifted 10 meters gains 200 J…
the time that a force acts
twice as much
twice as much
twice as much
what does impulse involve
the time that a force acts
raising a 2x as massive car takes how…
twice as much
60 terms
Chapter 3: Energy and Momentum Science Test Quizlet
What is the definition for energy?
Most physics textbooks define energy a…
What are the problems with the definit…
What is a better definition for energy?
There is no definition for energy!
The ability to do work.
1. For one thing, if you don't know what work is (in physics…
The ability to cause change.
What is the definition for energy?
There is no definition for energy!
Most physics textbooks define energy a…
The ability to do work.
Chapter 5: Momentum
elastic collision
impulse
impulse-momentum relationship
inelastic collision
colliding objects bounce; little deformation of objects occur
Ft; change of momentum; reason why you can break a stack of b…
impulse = change of momentum; by increasing the time over whi…
colliding objects stick together; much deformation of objects…
elastic collision
colliding objects bounce; little deformation of objects occur
impulse
Ft; change of momentum; reason why you can break a stack of b…
9 terms
Chapter 6: Momentum
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
Units of momentum
Conservation of momentum (in a closed…
Perfectly elastic collision
mass x velocity (mv)
kgm(s^-1)
total momentum of objects before collision = total momentum o…
When both kinetic energy and momentum are conserved.
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
mass x velocity (mv)
Units of momentum
kgm(s^-1)
8 terms
Chapter 7 Momentum
conserved
elastic collision
impulse
inelastic collision
Term applied to a physical quantity, such as momentum, energy…
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
change in momentum
When colliding objects become tangled or coupled together
conserved
Term applied to a physical quantity, such as momentum, energy…
elastic collision
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
35 terms
Ch 3 Momentum and Energy
momentum
momentum formula
momentum units
2 things impulse is dependent on
inertia in motion
p=mv
kg*m/s
force and time
momentum
inertia in motion
momentum formula
p=mv
17 terms
Chapter 6: Momentum
mass x velocity (mv)
kgm(s^-1)
total momentum of objects before colli…
When both kinetic energy and momentum…
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
Units of momentum
Conservation of momentum (in a closed system)
Perfectly elastic collision
mass x velocity (mv)
Linear momentum ( momentum p )
kgm(s^-1)
Units of momentum
6 terms
Chapter 5 Momentum
elastic collision
impulse
impulse-momentum relationship
inelastic collision
collision when colliding objects rebound without using heat o…
i=F*t
Ft=change in mv
when colliding objects become tangled
elastic collision
collision when colliding objects rebound without using heat o…
impulse
i=F*t
8 terms
Chapter 28 Momentum
momentum
momentum depends on
momentum into a system equals
do stationary objects have any momentum?
the strength of a moving object
mass and velocity
the momentum out of the system
No
momentum
the strength of a moving object
momentum depends on
mass and velocity
14 terms
Chapter 8 Momentum
momentum
Newton's Third Law
kg x m/s
elastic
p=mv
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
The units of momentum
Momentum and energy are conserved. Objects collide and bounce…
momentum
p=mv
Newton's Third Law
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
10 terms
Physical Science - CH3 - Momentum and energy
10 times as much momentum
either an elastic or an inelastic coll…
mementum
Ft=Δ(mv)
A 1-KG ball has the same speed as a 10-KG ball. Compared with…
In the absence of external forces, momentum is conserved in...
If the running speed of Fast Friday doubles, what also double…
Which of these equations best explains the usefulness of auto…
10 times as much momentum
A 1-KG ball has the same speed as a 10-KG ball. Compared with…
either an elastic or an inelastic coll…
In the absence of external forces, momentum is conserved in...
20 terms
Chapter 4: Momentum and Energy
work
power
P
W
transfer of energy that make something move
how fast work is done
W/t
F x d
work
transfer of energy that make something move
power
how fast work is done
8 terms
Chapter 10 Motion and Momentum
speed
average speed
instantaneous speed
velocity
Distance travelled per unit time
The distance an object travels divided by the time it takes t…
The rate at which an object is moving at a given moment in time
Speed in a given direction
speed
Distance travelled per unit time
average speed
The distance an object travels divided by the time it takes t…
14 terms
Chapter 5 momentum
Momentum
what is the symbol for momentum?
what is the formula for momentum?
Is momentum as scalar or vector quantity
a measure of how hard it is to stop an object; it depends on…
p
momentum(kg*m/s)=mass(kg) x velocity(m/s)... p=mv
Vector quantity (it has direction)
Momentum
a measure of how hard it is to stop an object; it depends on…
what is the symbol for momentum?
p
11 terms
Momentum (Chapter 6)
Momentum
Equation for Momentum
Impulse
Impulse-Momentum Theorem
A vector quantity defined as the product of an object's mass…
p = mv
The product of a constant force and time interval.
F∆t = ∆p
Momentum
A vector quantity defined as the product of an object's mass…
Equation for Momentum
p = mv
17 terms
CH3 3rd Law Momentum Impulse Energy
Newton's 3rd Law
Forces occur in
3rd Law: forces do not cancel each oth…
Force =
For every action force there is an equal and opposite reactio…
pairs
because forces acting on different objects
ma
Newton's 3rd Law
For every action force there is an equal and opposite reactio…
Forces occur in
pairs
31 terms
Chapter 10- Motion and momentum
motion involves what?
velocity
speed
SI unit for speed
a change in position relevant to a reference point
speed and DIRECTION of a moving object
distance ÷ time
m/s (not squared!!!!)
motion involves what?
a change in position relevant to a reference point
velocity
speed and DIRECTION of a moving object
18 terms
Chapter 10 MOTION AND MOMENTUM
the distance traveled divided by the t…
found by dividing the total distance t…
the speed of an object at one instant…
the speed of an object and the directi…
speed
average speed
instantaneous speed
velocity
the distance traveled divided by the t…
speed
found by dividing the total distance t…
average speed
36 terms
Ch 3: Work, Energy, and Momentum
Fdcosθ
Work
J (joules; equal to units of energy)
0
W = (eqn for work)
This is the amount of energy transferred by a force acting th…
Unit for work
When the force and displacement are perpendicular is the work…
Fdcosθ
W = (eqn for work)
Work
This is the amount of energy transferred by a force acting th…
12 terms
Chapter 5 momentum & Energy
Elastic Collision
Impulse
Impulse-momentum relationship
Inelastic collision
When objects collide without being permanently deformend
I=f*t
The greater the impulse the greater the momentum
When an object collides and are tangled up together
Elastic Collision
When objects collide without being permanently deformend
Impulse
I=f*t
12 terms
Outcome 1:Momentum - Lesson 3:Conservation of Momentum
Reminders
Co-linear Vectors
Co-linear Vector Addition
Perpendicular Vectors
-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…
Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…
They can be added or subtracted normally.
Are vectors that are perpendicular to each other.
Reminders
-Graphing calculators default to "Radians" and must be change…
Co-linear Vectors
Are on the same line and point the same way or in opposite di…
14 terms
Chapter 7 Conceptual Physics Momentum
Conserved
elastic collision
impulse
inelastic collision
unchanged
Kinetic energy is conserved. Momentum is conserved. This mean…
force x time; causes a change in momentum
Kinetic energy is NOT conserved. Momentum is conserved. The k…
Conserved
unchanged
elastic collision
Kinetic energy is conserved. Momentum is conserved. This mean…
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