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Study sets matching "momentum physical science"

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Study sets matching "momentum physical science"

23 terms
Physical Science: Velocity and Momentum
Speed
Velocity
Velocity Answer
Momentum
The rate at which an object's position changes
The speed of an object and the direction it is moving
50 m/s east
The product of its mass and velocity.
Speed
The rate at which an object's position changes
Velocity
The speed of an object and the direction it is moving
25 terms
Physical Science - Momentum
Momentum
Mass
Velocity
Conservation of Momentum
Measure of how difficult it is to stop an object.
Measure of the amount of stuff in an object
Measue of how fast and in what direction an object is moving
The total momentum of any group of objects remains the same u…
Momentum
Measure of how difficult it is to stop an object.
Mass
Measure of the amount of stuff in an object
6 terms
Physical Science - Momentum
Elastic Collision
Impulse
Impulse-momentum Relationship
Inelastic Collision
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the object…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…
Elastic Collision
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
Impulse
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
9 terms
Physical Science - Momentum
Elastic Collision
Impulse
Impulse-momentum Relationship
Inelastic Collision
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
Impulse is equal to the change in the momentum of the object…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted,…
Elastic Collision
A collision in which colliding objects rebound without lastin…
Impulse
The product of the force acting on an object and the time dur…
20 terms
Physical Science 5-6 Momentum
Anya knows the velocity of an object.…
What is the momentum of a 5 kg object…
A car has a momentum of 20,000 kg • m/…
A bicycle has a momentum of 36 kg • m/…
its mass
6.0 kg • m/s
40,000 kg • m/s
9 kg
Anya knows the velocity of an object.…
its mass
What is the momentum of a 5 kg object…
6.0 kg • m/s
23 terms
Physical science acceleration and momentum
Newton's first law of motion
Newton's second law of motion
Force=
Mass=
Anything at motion will stay at motion, anything at rest will…
A net force acting on an object causes the object to accelera…
Mass x acceleration
Kg
Newton's first law of motion
Anything at motion will stay at motion, anything at rest will…
Newton's second law of motion
A net force acting on an object causes the object to accelera…
15 terms
Physical Science (Momentum)
- force... - interaction
a pair of forces acting on two separat…
the wall pushes back on you
every action (force) has an equal and…
Every _________ is part of a ____________ between two objects.
What does an interaction require?
What happens when you push on the wall?
What does Newton's 3rd Law state?
- force... - interaction
Every _________ is part of a ____________ between two objects.
a pair of forces acting on two separat…
What does an interaction require?
27 terms
physical science; momentum
speed
formula for speed
instantaneous speed
average speed
how fast an object moves
speed=distance/time
speed at a specific moment in time
overall speed of an object from start to finish
speed
how fast an object moves
formula for speed
speed=distance/time
19 terms
Momentum Physical Science "Quest"
momentum
since all objects have mass, once movi…
the amount on momentum depends on
mass
a concept that came to us from newton who referred to it as "…
momentum
mass and velocity
quantity of matter
momentum
a concept that came to us from newton who referred to it as "…
since all objects have mass, once movi…
momentum
19 terms
Physical Science Motion and Momentum
Air Resistance
Centripotal force
Gravity
Free Fall
reducing the acceleration of falling objects and causes them…
the unbalanced force that causes objects to move in a circula…
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
the motion of the body when only the force of gravity is acti…
Air Resistance
reducing the acceleration of falling objects and causes them…
Centripotal force
the unbalanced force that causes objects to move in a circula…
10 terms
Physical Science Momentum
Mass
Velocity
Momentum
What must be true if an object is movi…
Kg
m/s + DIRECTION
kg x m/s
must have a constant speed, tangent velocity, and are towards…
Mass
Kg
Velocity
m/s + DIRECTION
15 terms
Physical Science forces and momentum
weight
a greater friction force that occurs w…
acceleration occurs when there is what?
if an object is at rest then net force…
a force due to gravity that pulls down on any object with mass
greater
net force
zero
weight
a force due to gravity that pulls down on any object with mass
a greater friction force that occurs w…
greater
9 terms
Physical Science - Unit 3 - Lesson 4: Momentum
momentum
symbol for momentum
symbol for speed
symbol for velocity
the product of an object's mass and velocity
p
s
v
momentum
the product of an object's mass and velocity
symbol for momentum
p
10 terms
Physical Science - Unit 3 - Lesson 4: Momentum
momentum
symbol for momentum
symbol for speed
symbol for velocity
the product of an object's mass and velocity
p
s
v
momentum
the product of an object's mass and velocity
symbol for momentum
p
6 terms
Physical Science Chapter 5- Momentum
Elastic Collision
Impulse
Impulse-Momentum Relationship
Inelastic Collision
A colision where the colliding objects rebound without a last…
The product of the force acting on an object interaction. Imp…
Impulse is equal to the change in momentum in an object where…
A collision in which the colliding objects become distorted.…
Elastic Collision
A colision where the colliding objects rebound without a last…
Impulse
The product of the force acting on an object interaction. Imp…
10 terms
Physical Science - CH3 - Momentum and energy
10 times as much momentum
either an elastic or an inelastic coll…
mementum
Ft=Δ(mv)
A 1-KG ball has the same speed as a 10-KG ball. Compared with…
In the absence of external forces, momentum is conserved in...
If the running speed of Fast Friday doubles, what also double…
Which of these equations best explains the usefulness of auto…
10 times as much momentum
A 1-KG ball has the same speed as a 10-KG ball. Compared with…
either an elastic or an inelastic coll…
In the absence of external forces, momentum is conserved in...
8 terms
Physical Science PS-3 Momentum
Collision
Elastic collision
Law of Conservation of Momentum
Inelastic Collision
An instance of one moving object or person striking violently…
bounce off
A law stating that the total linear momentum of a closed syst…
sticks together
Collision
An instance of one moving object or person striking violently…
Elastic collision
bounce off
14 terms
Physical science chapter 5 Momentum
Momentum
Impulse
Decreasing momentum in a short time me…
Impulse momentum relationship
Inertia in motion; mass times velocity
Force times time interval
Greater force
Change in momentum; force times time
Momentum
Inertia in motion; mass times velocity
Impulse
Force times time interval
10 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4 Acceleration and Momentum
Newton's 2nd Law
air resistance
terminal velocity
projectile
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the obje…
force that opposes the motion of objects that move through th…
the greatest velocity a falling object can achieve
an object that is fired, thrown, or self-propelled
Newton's 2nd Law
The acceleration of an object depends on the mass of the obje…
air resistance
force that opposes the motion of objects that move through th…
14 terms
9th (Honors) Physical Science / Momentum
Frame of Reference
Motion
Speed
Speed Formula
An object or background that movement is compared to
A change of position in a certain amount if time. (when descr…
The rate at which an object moves. ... Ex.) Sprinters in a trac…
D... ----------... s • t
Frame of Reference
An object or background that movement is compared to
Motion
A change of position in a certain amount if time. (when descr…
14 terms
science physics test momentum and motion
momentum
acceleration
velocity
speed
measure of how hard it is to stop an object
change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
speed and direction of motion of an object
distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel the dis…
momentum
measure of how hard it is to stop an object
acceleration
change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
14 terms
science physics test momentum and motion
momentum
acceleration
velocity
speed
measure of how hard it is to stop an object
change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
speed and direction of motion of an object
distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel the dis…
momentum
measure of how hard it is to stop an object
acceleration
change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…
27 terms
Physical Science Chapter 12 Energy and Momentum
potential energy
batteries or gasoline in a tank
kinetic energy
burning log, moving vehicle, falling o…
stored energy, or energy at rest
examples of potential energy
energy in motion
examples of kinetic energy
potential energy
stored energy, or energy at rest
batteries or gasoline in a tank
examples of potential energy
UCO Physical Science Ch. 3 MOMENTUM AND ENERGY
Momentum
Impulse
Impulse Changes Momentum
Conservation of Momentum
is inertia in motion... High mass or velocity = high momentum…
Product of force and contact time ... Greater force for LONGER…
The change in momentum of an object is equal to the impulse a…
A system will have the same momentum both before and after an…
Momentum
is inertia in motion... High mass or velocity = high momentum…
Impulse
Product of force and contact time ... Greater force for LONGER…
Physical Science: Chapter 10: Motion and Momentum
Displacement
Meters per second (m/s)
Speeds
Average Speed
_____________________ includes distance and direction of the…
The units of speed are units of distance divided by units of…
An object in motion can change _________ many times as it mov…
___________________ is the total distance traveled divided by…
Displacement
_____________________ includes distance and direction of the…
Meters per second (m/s)
The units of speed are units of distance divided by units of…
9 terms
Physical Science Chapter 10 "Motion and Momentum" Vocabulary
speed
average speed
instantaneous speed
velocity
distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel the dis…
dividing the total distance traveled by the time taken
the speed of an object at one instant of time
the speed of the object and the direction of its motion
speed
distance traveled divided by the time taken to travel the dis…
average speed
dividing the total distance traveled by the time taken
Physics: Momentum
Momentum is a measure of the of an obj…
Anya knows the velocity of an object.…
What is the momentum of a 5 kg object…
A car has a momentum of 20,000 kg • m/…
motion
its mass
6.0 kg • m/s
40,000 kg • m/s
Momentum is a measure of the of an obj…
motion
Anya knows the velocity of an object.…
its mass
31 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 12 (Momentum and Universal Forces)
momentum
false
Momentum = mass x velocity
kg(m/s)
the product of an object's mass and velocity
An object with large momentum is easy to stop. (true or false)
What is the equation for momentum?
What is the SI unit for momentum?
momentum
the product of an object's mass and velocity
false
An object with large momentum is easy to stop. (true or false)
17 terms
Physical Science Force Momentum and other Formulas
Force
Power
Power (formula two)
Potential Energy
Mass x Acceleration
Work / Time
Force x Distance / Time
Mass x Gravity x Height
Force
Mass x Acceleration
Power
Work / Time
Physical Science: Chapter 10: Motion and Momentum (Vocabulary)
Speed
Average speed
Instantaneous Speed
Velocity
Equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
Equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
The speed of an object at one instant of time
Speed and direction of a moving object
Speed
Equals the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to…
Average speed
Equals the total distance traveled divided by the total time…
28 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 20 - Motion and Momentum
motion
position
relative motion
distance
the constant state of all matter in the universe
what changes when something is in motion
the change of position relative to a reference point
the length of the route to be traveled
motion
the constant state of all matter in the universe
position
what changes when something is in motion
35 terms
Physics: Momentum
Momentum
Strenght of motion
p=mv
unit for momentum
inertial motion
an object can have lots of momentum if they have lots of spee…
equation for momentum
kg m/s
Momentum
inertial motion
Strenght of motion
an object can have lots of momentum if they have lots of spee…
10 terms
Science III Physics Impulse and Momentum, Conservation of Momentum, Kepler's Laws
Impulse
Momentum
Impulse-Momentum Theorem
Law of Conservation of Momentum
The product of the average force on an object and the time in…
Product of the object's mass and the object's velocity
The impulse on an object is equal to the object's final momen…
The momentum of any closed, isolated system does not change
Impulse
The product of the average force on an object and the time in…
Momentum
Product of the object's mass and the object's velocity
12 terms
Physical Science: Chapter 3: Momentum, Work & Energy
Momentum
Angular momentum
Impulse
How do you change the MOMENTUM of an o…
The inertia of a moving object. ... P=m•v... The quantity of movi…
The momentum of an object traveling in a curved path. ... L=m•v•r
Is the product of a net force acting on an object through som…
Change its velocity ... Apply a: Net Force
Momentum
The inertia of a moving object. ... P=m•v... The quantity of movi…
Angular momentum
The momentum of an object traveling in a curved path. ... L=m•v•r
15 terms
Physical Science Momentum and Newtons 3rd Law
Newtons 3rd Law
Large Force, Small Mass =
Large Force, Large Mass =
Lifting force
Whenever one objects enters a force on a 2nd object - the sec…
Larger Acceleration
smaller acceleration
when air particles are forced down, air particles act upward…
Newtons 3rd Law
Whenever one objects enters a force on a 2nd object - the sec…
Large Force, Small Mass =
Larger Acceleration
17 terms
Momentum--Physics
A unit of "momentum" is kg∙m/s. true o…
The momentum of an object can be calcu…
"Impulse" can be represented by F(chan…
When a golf club hits a golf ball, the…
True
False "velocity"
True
False "equal to"
A unit of "momentum" is kg∙m/s. true o…
True
The momentum of an object can be calcu…
False "velocity"
15 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2 Section 2- Motion - Velocity and Momentum
Velocity
The velocity of a racecar changes as i…
For something to have constant velocit…
Lithosphere
The speed of an object AND the direction it is moving
The track is oval and the car's direction changes as it trave…
speed and direction
The crust and the top part of the upper mantle of the Earth's…
Velocity
The speed of an object AND the direction it is moving
The velocity of a racecar changes as i…
The track is oval and the car's direction changes as it trave…
8 terms
Momentum - Physics
Mass
Velocity
Elastic Collision
Inelastic Collision
Amount of MATTER that makes up an object... "Best friends with…
Speed and direction... Ex. 55 mph North... It's a vector = direct…
Collision in which the objects hit and then go on their own.…
Collision in which the objects hit and get tangled up. They h…
Mass
Amount of MATTER that makes up an object... "Best friends with…
Velocity
Speed and direction... Ex. 55 mph North... It's a vector = direct…
19 terms
Physics - Momentum
Momentum
Momentum is a ... quantity
Any object in motion has...
Which one of Newton's laws does moment…
mass in motion
vector
momentum
Newton's Second Law
Momentum
mass in motion
Momentum is a ... quantity
vector
9 terms
physics momentum
momentum relationship
impulse
recoil
recoil newtons law
indirect
change in momentum
a movement backwards, usually from some force or impact.
2nd law
momentum relationship
indirect
impulse
change in momentum
14 terms
Physical Science - Unit 4 - Lesson 7: Centripetal force & Conservation of Momentum
a force exerted toward the center of a…
Which type of force keeps planets orbi…
True or False: Many different forces c…
Newton actually worded his second law…
centripetal force
gravity
true
momentum
a force exerted toward the center of a…
centripetal force
Which type of force keeps planets orbi…
gravity
Momentum (Physics)
Momentum
Mass
Velocity
Equation for momentum
Inertia in motion (Mass in Motion), the mass of an object mul…
The amount of matter in an object; a measure of an object's i…
The vectors of speed; the quantity that specifies both speed…
p=mv
Momentum
Inertia in motion (Mass in Motion), the mass of an object mul…
Mass
The amount of matter in an object; a measure of an object's i…
22 terms
Physics: momentum
The momentum of an object is defined a…
Which has more momentum, a large truck…
The reason padded dashboards are used…
A table tennis ball launched is fired.…
Mass times velocity
the large truck
Increase the time of the impact of the collision
The same
The momentum of an object is defined a…
Mass times velocity
Which has more momentum, a large truck…
the large truck
11 terms
Physics Momentum
Momentum
Impulse
Collision
Elastic Collision
An objects mass times its velocity
Change in momentum
When two or more bodies hit
When the bodies do not stick together
Momentum
An objects mass times its velocity
Impulse
Change in momentum
38 terms
physics momentum
mass; velocity
force; time
angular momentum
law of conservation of momentum
momentum is the product of ______ and _________
impulse is the product of ______ and ________
the product of a rotating object's moment of inertia and its…
the _____ states that the momentum of any closed, isolated sy…
mass; velocity
momentum is the product of ______ and _________
force; time
impulse is the product of ______ and ________
20 terms
Physics Momentum
Compared to a sports car moving at 30…
If the momentum of an object changes a…
The momentum change of an object is eq…
A table tennis ball launcher is fired.…
Twice as much momentum
Accelerating (or decelerating), there is a force acting on it…
Impulse acting on it
The same
Compared to a sports car moving at 30…
Twice as much momentum
If the momentum of an object changes a…
Accelerating (or decelerating), there is a force acting on it…
11 terms
Momentum Physics
Momentum
Magnitude
Formula to find Momentum
Impulse
The product of the mass and the velocity of an object. Has ma…
Amount of power or force an object produces
Mass times Velocity
Product of force and time interval during which the force acts.
Momentum
The product of the mass and the velocity of an object. Has ma…
Magnitude
Amount of power or force an object produces
13 terms
Physics | Momentum
Momentum
More mass =
More velocity =
Units for impulse
mass in motion, inertia in motion
more momentum
More momentum
Newton second
Momentum
mass in motion, inertia in motion
More mass =
more momentum
17 terms
Physics Momentum
net momentum
impulse
external force
closed system
the sum of the individual momenta of each object within the s…
the product of the force acting on a system and time interval…
a force applied to a system from outside the system, the most…
a system that does not gain or lose mass
net momentum
the sum of the individual momenta of each object within the s…
impulse
the product of the force acting on a system and time interval…
22 terms
Momentum (Physics)
speed
momentum
28 m/s
substantial change
the rate at which an object's distance changes over time
The product of its mass and velocity. The quantity of motion…
What is the speed of a cheetah that travels 112 m in 4 s? (v=…
form of one substance is lost and replaced with that of another
speed
the rate at which an object's distance changes over time
momentum
The product of its mass and velocity. The quantity of motion…
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