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Study sets matching "more metabolism"

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Study sets matching "more metabolism"

46 terms
More Metabolism
lypolysis
FA oxidation
FA oxidation
mito
breakdown of triglycerides into FFA's and glycerol
breakdown of FA's for energy
large quantities of ATP are produced from this
where fat is converted into ATP
lypolysis
breakdown of triglycerides into FFA's and glycerol
FA oxidation
breakdown of FA's for energy
37 terms
more nitrogen metabolism
necessary to hydrolyze proteins down to
protein degradation
proteins in body
half-lives of enzymes in rat liver
amino acids
intracellular
have natural lifetimes after which they turn over
12 minutes to 150 hours
necessary to hydrolyze proteins down to
amino acids
protein degradation
intracellular
73 terms
More Glycogen Metabolism
If you see mistakes, feel free to corr…
What stimulates the formation of cycli…
What type of receptors are found on th…
What is the next step that happens whe…
...
Epinephrine and glucagon
Adrenergic receptors
The hormone-receptor complex activates a G-protein
If you see mistakes, feel free to corr…
...
What stimulates the formation of cycli…
Epinephrine and glucagon
78 terms
Unit 15: More Metabolism
What is the highest priority activity…
What is a positive energy balance?
What is the extra glucose used for whe…
Where does the extra glucose go when a…
Maintenance activities like breathing, pumping blood, food ac…
When more glucose is taken into the body than needed for main…
Growth, lactation, and reproduction.
It is stored as glycogen in the muscles and liver, or as fat.
What is the highest priority activity…
Maintenance activities like breathing, pumping blood, food ac…
What is a positive energy balance?
When more glucose is taken into the body than needed for main…
5 terms
MORE METABOLISM FINAL EXAM
dissimilative reduction
asdfkj
a'jf 'q
p
occurs when nitrogen, sulfur, or carbon are imported and redu…
...
af
'P JF
dissimilative reduction
occurs when nitrogen, sulfur, or carbon are imported and redu…
asdfkj
...
More Metabolism! Lipids
Four major classes of biologically act…
Basic molecule of hydrocarbon
Compounds started with isoprene
Fatty acid composition
CHO... Protein... Lipids... Nucleic acids
Isoprene unit
Lipids... Carotenoids... Ubiquinone (CoEnzyme Q)... Steriods i.e. chol…
Composed of C, H, O... Methyl group (CH3)... Carboxyl "acid" group…
Four major classes of biologically act…
CHO... Protein... Lipids... Nucleic acids
Basic molecule of hydrocarbon
Isoprene unit
31 terms
more overview of n metabolism
turnover of proteins occurs at differe…
turnover proteins in visceral organs t…
adults are unable to synthesize _ of a…
infants are unable to synthesize _ of…
yes... immuno & collagen- long half life (measured in years)... liv…
faster
8
10
turnover of proteins occurs at differe…
yes... immuno & collagen- long half life (measured in years)... liv…
turnover proteins in visceral organs t…
faster
74 terms
Metabolic Pathway Drugs & More
Fluoroacetate
Malonate
Arsenite
Arsenate
inhibits Aconitase in the TCA cycle, and Enolase in glycolysi…
inhibits succinate dehydrogenase in TCA cycle
tightly binds lipoic acid resulting in inhibition of dihydrol…
complexes with GAPDH, inhibiting its function; bypasses the 1…
Fluoroacetate
inhibits Aconitase in the TCA cycle, and Enolase in glycolysi…
Malonate
inhibits succinate dehydrogenase in TCA cycle
9 terms
More metabolic reactions
Adipose triglyceride lipase
Hormone sensitive lipase
Acyl-CoA synthetase
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT-1)
triacylglycerol to diacylglycerol
diacylglycerol to fatty acids + glycerol
fatty acid to fatty acyl-CoA
fatty acyl-CoA to fatty acyl carnitine
Adipose triglyceride lipase
triacylglycerol to diacylglycerol
Hormone sensitive lipase
diacylglycerol to fatty acids + glycerol
12 terms
More metabolic stuff
What drug is controlled and used for w…
What is the most common s/e with phent…
What two drugs compose Qysmia?
What happens if someone drinks a soft…
Phenteramine
Tachycardia; mood changes have een reported
Low dose phentermine and topamax
It tastes horrible
What drug is controlled and used for w…
Phenteramine
What is the most common s/e with phent…
Tachycardia; mood changes have een reported
28 terms
More specific AA metabolism stuff
Possible metabolic routes of glycine
The oxidation of gly via D-amino oxida…
Oxalate is involved in what clinical c…
Gly contributes C and N for the synthe…
1. degradation of thr to form gly... 2. serine PLP dependent rx…
--> glycoxylate... either forms: Oxalate or alpha-hydroxy-beta-k…
Kidney stones. forms a precipitate with Ca
creatine, purine bases, and heme
Possible metabolic routes of glycine
1. degradation of thr to form gly... 2. serine PLP dependent rx…
The oxidation of gly via D-amino oxida…
--> glycoxylate... either forms: Oxalate or alpha-hydroxy-beta-k…
45 terms
A&P Module 8 Metabolism and more Quiz
Energy is required...
Products of ATP synthesis include...
Formation of ATP (ADP+Pi+Energy-->ATP)…
In oxidation-reduction reaction, an el…
With Anabolism
H2O, ATP, and NADH
Catabolism of nutrients... or... Oxidation-Reduction Reactions... or... B…
Oxidized
Energy is required...
With Anabolism
Products of ATP synthesis include...
H2O, ATP, and NADH
18 terms
3954 - Respiratory/Metabolic Alkalosis: ABG Values and More
Respiratory Acidosis
Respiratory Alkalosis
Normal pH Range
Normal PaCO2 Range
HYPO-ventilation --> Increased CO2
HYPER-ventilation--> Decreased CO2
7.35-7.45
35-45mm Hg... Respiratory Component
Respiratory Acidosis
HYPO-ventilation --> Increased CO2
Respiratory Alkalosis
HYPER-ventilation--> Decreased CO2
30 terms
More metabolic disorders!! AM2 Michael Lee
Cause of pregnancy toxaemia
Sigsn of pregnancy tox
Treatment of pregnancy toxaemia
Prev of pregnancy tox
Poor ration late pregnancy... Outdoor sheep in poor weather... Keto…
Dont want to move... Ketosis... Disturbed vision... Constipated
Similar to ketosis - dextrose IV bolus 500ml 50% ... Propylene g…
Good nutrition late pregnancy
Cause of pregnancy toxaemia
Poor ration late pregnancy... Outdoor sheep in poor weather... Keto…
Sigsn of pregnancy tox
Dont want to move... Ketosis... Disturbed vision... Constipated
14 terms
A&P Module 8 Beta Oxidation and Lipid Metabolism and more Quiz
Ketogenesis... Question options:... ... A) is…
Where do the products of fatty acid ca…
In the metabolism of a fatty acid to o…
Before fats can be metabolized in aero…
C
B
A
B
Ketogenesis... Question options:... ... A) is…
C
Where do the products of fatty acid ca…
B
124 terms
PATHOLOGY - GENETICS AND METABOLIC DISORDERS (dmdevito) will edit and add more soon
What is the name a disease derived fro…
What is the name of a disease that is…
How many pairs of chromosomes exist?
What is the GENERAL rule about clinica…
hereditary
congenital
22 autosomal and 1 pair of sex chromosomes = 23 total
Multiple significant noted issues = AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT.
What is the name a disease derived fro…
hereditary
What is the name of a disease that is…
congenital
31 terms
Unit 2 Vocabulary: Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration, Metabolism, Feedback, and More! -John Granstrand
Positive Feedback
Negative Feedback
Homeostasis
Digestive System
A feedback mechanism resulting in the amplification or growth…
Negative feedback is a regulatory mechanism in which a 'stimu…
Property of a system in which a variable (for example, the co…
Your digestive system is uniquely designed to turn the food y…
Positive Feedback
A feedback mechanism resulting in the amplification or growth…
Negative Feedback
Negative feedback is a regulatory mechanism in which a 'stimu…
41 terms
Module 5 (Lecture): Endocrine - Altered Metabolic Function (DM). Longer the hypo the more chance for coma
Review
Chronic problems with Diabetes
Common reason for DM2?
Common reason for DM1?
pg 1056
neuropathy... - micro: small vessels... - macro - large vessels (…
Problems with dieting and exercising
Genetics
Review
pg 1056
Chronic problems with Diabetes
neuropathy... - micro: small vessels... - macro - large vessels (…
30 terms
Unit 4 - Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Hydrolysis
Enzyme
The process by which two molecules are joined together to for…
The process by which larger molecules are broken down into sm…
The process which decomposes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins,…
Controls the rate of all metabolic reactions of the cell and…
Anabolism
The process by which two molecules are joined together to for…
Catabolism
The process by which larger molecules are broken down into sm…
27 terms
Lipid Metabolism
Activation of fatty acids
B-Oxidation
Role of Carnitine
odd chain oxidation
Need to be converted to active intermediate before catabolism…
two carbons cleaved from acyl-CoA (starting at end). Chain br…
Forms with fatty acyl CoA when it's transported out of matrix…
Uses B-oxidation until 3-carbon (propionyl-CoA) residue remai…
Activation of fatty acids
Need to be converted to active intermediate before catabolism…
B-Oxidation
two carbons cleaved from acyl-CoA (starting at end). Chain br…
16 terms
Metabolism
Metabolic network
Basic functions of metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
Large complex organic molecules are decomposed into smaller m…
Small molecules are used to construct large complex organic m…
Metabolic network
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
Basic functions of metabolism
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
26 terms
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Respiration
ATP
metabolism
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Respiration
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
107 terms
Metabolism, Test One
ER
Smooth ER
Rough ER
Mitochondrion
network of membranous channels used to communicate from inner…
lipid synthesis, more abundant in cells that synthesize stero…
studded with ribosomes, protein synthesis
outer membrane is porous, inner membrane is selectively perme…
ER
network of membranous channels used to communicate from inner…
Smooth ER
lipid synthesis, more abundant in cells that synthesize stero…
129 terms
METABOLISM
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
confirmational change
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
reactions occur when molecules are broken down into smaller a…
when a protein changes its shape
metabolism
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
anabolism
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
83 terms
AP Metabolism and Energy Review
energy
two types of energy
potential energy
kinetic energy
the ability to cause change; required to do work
potential and kinetic
stored energy; result of position or structure
energy associated with motion; actually does work
energy
the ability to cause change; required to do work
two types of energy
potential and kinetic
24 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
organic compounds
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
when small molecules are built up into larger ones. They requ…
compounds have large molecules and always contain carbon
metabolism
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
catabolism
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
50 terms
metabolism
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
energy efficiency
all chemical reactions performed by cells
synthesis metabolic reactions
decomposition metabolic reactions
40 % of the energy in glucose is ultimately transferred to ATP
metabolism
all chemical reactions performed by cells
anabolism
synthesis metabolic reactions
22 terms
Protein Metabolism
digestion/absorption of AAs
fed state AAs
fast state AAs
Alanine
AA produced through proteolytic enzymes in the stomach and in…
come from gut and excess converted to glucose or TG for fast…
muscle protein cleaved to amino acids
key gluconeogenic amino acid and allows skeletal muscle to el…
digestion/absorption of AAs
AA produced through proteolytic enzymes in the stomach and in…
fed state AAs
come from gut and excess converted to glucose or TG for fast…
DP Biology Vocabulary - 2.1 Molecules to metabolism
Amino acid
Hydroxyl Group
Amine Group
Carboxyl Group
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
-OH
-NH2
-COOH
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Hydroxyl Group
-OH
43 terms
Metabolism Vocabulary Words
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anaerobic
aerobic
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body
a sequence of reactions that convert compounds from one form…
a reaction that does not require oxygen
a reaction that requires oxygen
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body
metabolic pathway
a sequence of reactions that convert compounds from one form…
29 terms
Ch 6 Metabolism Vocabulary
metabolism
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
energy
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones (…
the capacity of a physical system to do work
metabolism
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
catabolic pathways
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
103 terms
Human Body Understanding Nutrition and Metabolism ktarullo
nutrition
malnutrition
food allergies
metabolic disease
biochemical sequences through which substances inside us and…
poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
a condition where the body's immune system reacts to substanc…
caused by a dysfunction that results in a loss of metabolic c…
nutrition
biochemical sequences through which substances inside us and…
malnutrition
poor nutrition that results from an insufficient or poorly ba…
95 terms
Terms for Metabolism and Enzymes
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
...
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Releases Energy. A metabolic pathway that releases energy by…
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
...
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
56 terms
Chapter 8 - Metabolism
Chemistry of life is organized into...
Organisms transform...
E transformations of life are subject…
Organisms live at the expense of...
metabolic pathways
Energy
2 laws of thermodynamics
free energy
Chemistry of life is organized into...
metabolic pathways
Organisms transform...
Energy
95 terms
Ch 6: Metabolism
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
...
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
Releases Energy. A metabolic pathway that releases energy by…
Concept 8.1: An organism's metabolism…
...
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
20 terms
Gluconeogensis/Glycolysis and more
PFK1 pathway
Glycolysis
Hexokinase
Glucokinase
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
becomes active quickly (more quickly than glucokinase) when g…
activated when glucose levels are higher than what's needed f…
PFK1 pathway
D-Glucose (hexokinase)--> Glucose 6-phosphate (phosphoglucose…
Glycolysis
Net yield 2 ATP, 2NADH. 4 ATP generated but 2 consumed throug…
9 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
enzyme
induced fit model
cofactor
sum of all chemical reactions that take place in cell
catalytic protein that lowers a reaction's energy of activati…
enzyme model where the substrate induces the enzyme to alter…
inorganic enzyme assist https://o.quizlet.com/i/R_tGdhll2UvRX…
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions that take place in cell
enzyme
catalytic protein that lowers a reaction's energy of activati…
33 terms
Chapter 8 Enzymes and Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetic
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to synthesize a comp…
The study of energy flow or energy transformations into and w…
metabolic pathway
A series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex m…
catabolic pathway
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
49 terms
metabolism
the big picture
Intermediary Metabolism
metabolic pathway
Key energy metabolites
- living organisms need to survive long enough to procreate…
refers to thousands of ... chemical reactions occurring in the b…
is a linked sequence of biochemical reactions that results in…
- glucose (& other common monosaccharides) ... - fatty acids ... -…
the big picture
- living organisms need to survive long enough to procreate…
Intermediary Metabolism
refers to thousands of ... chemical reactions occurring in the b…
42 terms
Chapter 8: An Introduction to Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
Some metabolic pathways release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated m…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions.
Metabolic Pathways
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
34 terms
GBio Ch. 6 Enzymes & Metabolism
Competitive inhibition
Degradation reaction
Denature
Endergonic reaction
When substrates cannot bind with enzymes active site
a substrate is broken down into smaller parts
Too high of a temperature or a change in pH outside of the 6-…
-Delta G is positive... - need input of energy... - products have m…
Competitive inhibition
When substrates cannot bind with enzymes active site
Degradation reaction
a substrate is broken down into smaller parts
52 terms
AP Biology Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
breaking a complex molecule down into its simpler parts, rele…
using energy to build complex molecules from simpler molecule…
Metabolism
the totality of an organisms chemical reactions that result f…
metabolic pathway
a sequence of chemical reactions undergone by a compound in a…
14 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
bioenergetics
totality of an organism's chemical reactions
degradative process; breaking down (cellular respiration)
consuming energy to build complicated molecules from simpler…
process of energy flowing through living organisms
metabolism
totality of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic pathway
degradative process; breaking down (cellular respiration)
27 terms
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
metabolism
aerobic respiration
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
regulation of catabolism and anabolism to maintain the stabil…
process of respiration that uses O2 as the final electron acc…
catabolism
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
anabolism
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
28 terms
2.1 Molecules to metabolism
Amino acid
Hydroxyl Group
Amine Group
Carboxyl Group
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
What is this? ... -OH
What is this? ... NH2
What is this? ... -COOH
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Hydroxyl Group
What is this? ... -OH
26 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
anabolic
catabolic
coenzymes
sum of all biochemical reactions within body
to synthesise or build up molecules from small to large
to degrade or breakdown
associate with particular enzymes and act as acceptors... - NAD…
Metabolism
sum of all biochemical reactions within body
anabolic
to synthesise or build up molecules from small to large
44 terms
Metabolism_pharmacokinetics
What is Noroclox
Active ingredient of Noroclox
Recommended dose of Noroclox
When is Noroclox administered?
Intramammary suspension
Cloxacillin6, antibiotic effective against G+ bacteria
In mg/Kg of body weight
Once, at drying off cows
What is Noroclox
Intramammary suspension
Active ingredient of Noroclox
Cloxacillin6, antibiotic effective against G+ bacteria
21 terms
Topic 2.1 Molecules to metabolism
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
30 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
first law of thermodynamics
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
metabolic pathway that builds; low energy to high energy mole…
energy cannot be created nor destroyed; "conservation of ener…
metabolism
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
catabolic
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
62 terms
(Chapter 8) An Introduction to Metabolism
Cellular Respiration
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathway
This process drives the cellular economy by extracting the en…
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions (Greek word…
This pathway begins with a specific molecule, which is then a…
Metabolic Pathway that releases energy by breaking down compl…
Cellular Respiration
This process drives the cellular economy by extracting the en…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions (Greek word…
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