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Scalar

Vector

Distance

Displacement

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

a scalar quantity that refers to "how much ground an object h…

a vector quantity that refers to "how far out of place an obj…

Scalar

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

Vector

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

variable

controlled experiment

independent variable

multiple trials

anything you can change in an experiment that might affect th…

a scientific test where only one variable can change

the variable you control the value of in an experiment

an experiment that is conducted several times to improve the…

variable

anything you can change in an experiment that might affect th…

controlled experiment

a scientific test where only one variable can change

Inertia

Momentum

Motion

Distance

The tendency for an object to resist change in motion (moving…

'Inertia in motion' - how hard it is to slow down a moving ob…

A change in an object's velocity, acceleration, position or d…

How much ground an object has traveled

Inertia

The tendency for an object to resist change in motion (moving…

Momentum

'Inertia in motion' - how hard it is to slow down a moving ob…

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

What is velocity?

What is acceleration?

What is positive acceleration?

What is negative deceleration?

The speed and direction of an object

The rate of change in velocity (how fast or how slow)

speeding up or changing direction

slowing down

What is velocity?

The speed and direction of an object

What is acceleration?

The rate of change in velocity (how fast or how slow)

Observation

Distance-Time Graph

x-axis

y-axis

Information gathered with your senses.

A line graph that shows the relationship between distance and…

The horizontal axis on a graph that represents "time"

The vertical axis on a graph that represents "distance"

Observation

Information gathered with your senses.

Distance-Time Graph

A line graph that shows the relationship between distance and…

Frame of Reference

Relative Motion

Distance

Vector

A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

Movement in relation to a frame of reference.

The length of the path between two points.

A quantity that has a direction associated with it.

Frame of Reference

A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

Relative Motion

Movement in relation to a frame of reference.

motion

frame of reference

distance

displacement

A change in position

a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

The length of a path between two points

Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…

motion

A change in position

frame of reference

a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…

component vector

projectile

resultant vector

satellite

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

result of adding two or more vectors

component vector

one of the vectors whose sum is the resultant vector

projectile

an object that moves through air the air or through space, ac…

Scalar

Vector

Motion

Frame of reference

A quantity that can be described with just a magnitude (size/…

A quantity that has both size Size/ numerical value) and dire…

An object is in motion when the distance between it and anoth…

a system of objects that aren't moving with respect to one an…

Scalar

A quantity that can be described with just a magnitude (size/…

Vector

A quantity that has both size Size/ numerical value) and dire…

Newton's 3 Laws of Motion

Newton's First Law examples

Another name for the first law is

Law of Inertia says that

1. Things in motion stay in motion and things at rest stay at…

1. a baseball in outer space will not stop unless an outside…

Law of Inertia

objects at rest or objects in motion are said to have inertia…

Newton's 3 Laws of Motion

1. Things in motion stay in motion and things at rest stay at…

Newton's First Law examples

1. a baseball in outer space will not stop unless an outside…

magnetism

gravity

friction

position

A force that acts at a distance and cannot be seen

A pull that attracts objects to each other.

The force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are t…

An object's location relative to another object (the referenc…

magnetism

A force that acts at a distance and cannot be seen

gravity

A pull that attracts objects to each other.

1st law of motion

Inertia

2nd law of motion

Formula for 2nd law of motion

An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…

Tendency of an object to keep doing what its doing (moving or…

acceleration depends on the mass and the applied force acting…

Force= Mass X Acceleration

1st law of motion

An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…

Inertia

Tendency of an object to keep doing what its doing (moving or…

Speed

Velocity

Acceleration

Force

The distance an object travels in a unit of time

The speed and direction of a moving object.

The rate at which velocity changes over time; an object accel…

A push or pull exerted on an object in order to change the mo…

Speed

The distance an object travels in a unit of time

Velocity

The speed and direction of a moving object.

Energy

Joule

Potential Energy

Kinetic Energy

Ability to move an object over a distance or cause change in…

The SI unit of work for work (symbol, J)

Energy that is stored, due to its position

Energy of motion; energy due to its motion

Energy

Ability to move an object over a distance or cause change in…

Joule

The SI unit of work for work (symbol, J)

Three Major Body Planes

Sagittal Plane

Midsagittal (Median) Plane

Sagittal Plane (mid and para)

1. Sagittal Plane... 2. Frontal Plane... 3. Transverse Plane

A plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into ri…

a sagittal plane that divides the body (or an organ) into equ…

Divides body into left and right portions... -Mid-: equal right…

Three Major Body Planes

1. Sagittal Plane... 2. Frontal Plane... 3. Transverse Plane

Sagittal Plane

A plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into ri…

acceleration

air resistance (drag)

balanced

braking distance

The rate of increase of velocity with time.

The force opposing the motion of bodies moving through air.

Equal in size but opposite in sign, therefore summing to zero…

The distance a vehicle travels before coming to rest after th…

acceleration

The rate of increase of velocity with time.

air resistance (drag)

The force opposing the motion of bodies moving through air.

1st law of motion

Inertia

2nd law of motion

Formula for 2nd law of motion

An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…

Tendancy of an object to keep doing what its doing (moving or…

acceleration depends on the mass and the applied force acting…

Force= Mass X Acceleration

1st law of motion

An object at rest will stay at rest, and an object in motion…

Inertia

Tendancy of an object to keep doing what its doing (moving or…

variables

constant

Spring Scale

lubricants

part of the experiment that is NOT the same and DOES CHANGE

part of the experiment that STAYS THE SAME

instrument used to measure force

help lesson friction

variables

part of the experiment that is NOT the same and DOES CHANGE

constant

part of the experiment that STAYS THE SAME

acceleration

balanced

extension

friction

Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…

Equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions.

An addition to the length of something.

A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are tou…

acceleration

Change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the chang…

balanced

Equal forces acting on an object in opposite directions.

Scalar

Vector

Distance

Displacement

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

a scalar quantity that refers to "how much ground an object h…

a vector quantity that refers to "how far out of place an obj…

Scalar

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

Vector

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

wave

wavelength

frequency

wave height

The movement of energy through a body of water.

The hotizontal distance between two wave crests.

The number of waves that pass a specific point in a given amo…

The vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough.

wave

The movement of energy through a body of water.

wavelength

The hotizontal distance between two wave crests.

motion diagram

vector quantity

particle model

coordinate system

A series of images of an object that records the object's pos…

A quantity that has magnitude (size or amount) and direction

replaces an object by single points that represent the positi…

Defines the zero point of a variable and the direction in whi…

motion diagram

A series of images of an object that records the object's pos…

vector quantity

A quantity that has magnitude (size or amount) and direction

mechanical energy

circuit

heat energy

motion

energy produced by the motion or position of an object

the path of electrical current

energy produced by warming

movement of an object

mechanical energy

energy produced by the motion or position of an object

circuit

the path of electrical current

friction

inertia

momentum

model

A force that resists motion between two touching surfaces. Fr…

the tendency of an object to resist change in motion or to ke…

force or speed of movement; mass in motion. Example: a moving…

a representation in miniature/smaller form

friction

A force that resists motion between two touching surfaces. Fr…

inertia

the tendency of an object to resist change in motion or to ke…

Momentum

Motion

Net Force

Newton

(p) A measure of the motion of an object in terms of its mass…

The act of changing position.

The sum of all the forces acting on a mass.

(N) The unit used to measure force in the metric system.

Momentum

(p) A measure of the motion of an object in terms of its mass…

Motion

The act of changing position.

mop the floor

clear the table

do the ironing

do the washing up

an action that use something to clean the ground by using water

clear the washes off the table

to iron clothes, sheets, etc.

clean the plates and cups

mop the floor

an action that use something to clean the ground by using water

clear the table

clear the washes off the table

wave

wavelength

frequency

wave height

The movement of energy through a body of water.

The hotizontal distance between two wave crests.

The number of waves that pass a specific point in a given amo…

The vertical distance from the crest of a wave to the trough.

wave

The movement of energy through a body of water.

wavelength

The hotizontal distance between two wave crests.

ornithologist

perching bird

ground bird

bird of prey

A scientist who studies birds

A bird that lives and makes its nest high in the trees. These…

These birds, like chickens or pheasants, make their homes on…

These birds are usually large, and have sharp beaks,and claws…

ornithologist

A scientist who studies birds

perching bird

A bird that lives and makes its nest high in the trees. These…

Mass

force

speed

energy

measure of the amount of matter in an object different from w…

A push or a pull that acts on an object

distance an object travels per unit of time

Ability to do work

Mass

measure of the amount of matter in an object different from w…

force

A push or a pull that acts on an object

fossils

geological time chart

geologic column

circular reasoning

remains or traces of a plant or animal in rock

a timeline showing a broad outline of the Earth's history acc…

an imaginary arrangement of rock layers that corresponds to t…

the act of basing two assumptions upon each other, such as wh…

fossils

remains or traces of a plant or animal in rock

geological time chart

a timeline showing a broad outline of the Earth's history acc…

Gravity

Balanced Forces

Force

Displacement

An attraction between objects that have mass

Cause no change in an object's motion

A push or a pull on an object

Occurs when one object pushes away or takes the place of anot…

Gravity

An attraction between objects that have mass

Balanced Forces

Cause no change in an object's motion

Balanced Forces

Unbalanced Forces

Action

Reaction

occurs when all of the forces on an object cancel one another…

where a certain force is either only partially cancelled or n…

when one object applies a force to a second

the force the second object returns to the first

Balanced Forces

occurs when all of the forces on an object cancel one another…

Unbalanced Forces

where a certain force is either only partially cancelled or n…

force

motion

potential energy

kinetic energy

A push or pull that is applied to an object

A change in the position of an object compared to another

stored energy

the energy of a moving object.

force

A push or pull that is applied to an object

motion

A change in the position of an object compared to another

Scalar

Vector

Distance

Displacement

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

a scalar quantity that refers to "how much ground an object h…

a vector quantity that refers to "how far out of place an obj…

Scalar

quantities that are fully described by a magnitude (or numeri…

Vector

quantities that are fully described by both a magnitude and a…

equation for speed

equation for average acceleration

motion

frame of reference

velocity = distance divided by time

acceleration = (final velocity minus initial velocity) divide…

an object's change in position relative to a reference point

a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…

equation for speed

velocity = distance divided by time

equation for average acceleration

acceleration = (final velocity minus initial velocity) divide…

scalar

vector

scalar example

scalar example

something that only needs an amount to describe it

something that needs both amount and direction to describe it

time

weight

scalar

something that only needs an amount to describe it

vector

something that needs both amount and direction to describe it

simple machine

lever

fulcrum

pulley

A machine that does work with only one movement

a simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots at a fixe…

The fixed point around which a lever pivots

A simple machine that consists of a rope that fits into a gro…

simple machine

A machine that does work with only one movement

lever

a simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots at a fixe…

speed

force

magnitude

balanced forces

the distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time…

a push or a pull

the strength of a force

cause NO change in the speed or direction of an object's moti…

speed

the distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time…

force

a push or a pull

Work

Radar gun

instantaneous speed

Joules

Force acting over a distance. If there is no distance travell…

measures the instantaneous speed of moving cars

The rate at which an object is moving at a given moment in time

unit of energy

Work

Force acting over a distance. If there is no distance travell…

Radar gun

measures the instantaneous speed of moving cars

AIR RESISTANCE

FORCE

UNBALANCED FORCE

BALANCED FORCE

the force that opposes the motion of falling objects and movi…

a push or pull exerted by one object on another.

the forces acting on an object when the net force is not zero.

forces that produce a net force equal to zero.

AIR RESISTANCE

the force that opposes the motion of falling objects and movi…

FORCE

a push or pull exerted by one object on another.

gluteus maximus

cleidomastoid

supraspinatus

rhomboideus

adducts thigh

with sternomastoid and clavotrapezius effects movement of hea…

draws humerus anteriorly

draws scapula forward toward mid-dorsal line

gluteus maximus

adducts thigh

cleidomastoid

with sternomastoid and clavotrapezius effects movement of hea…

Velocity

Acceleration

Average Speed

Air Resistance

describes the speed and direction of a moving object

a change in speed and/or direction

calculated by dividing total distance by total time

a force acting in the opposite direction to an object moving…

Velocity

describes the speed and direction of a moving object

Acceleration

a change in speed and/or direction