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Study sets matching "motion in two dimensions"

13 terms
motion in 2 dimensions
projectile motion
law of intertia
inertia
law of acceleration
motion of any object that is shot, thrown, etc.
an object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion con…
property of an object that resists changes in motion
the acceleration of an object is directly proportional to the…
projectile motion
motion of any object that is shot, thrown, etc.
law of intertia
an object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion con…
10 terms
Motion in 2 dimensions
Horizontal motion in 2 dimensions
range
vertical motion in 2 dimensions
way to solve problems
- mass and force doesn't matter ... - any object projected horiz…
horizontal distance
- free fall ... - initial velocity= 0 ... - acceleration due to gra…
****** separate x (horizontal) and y (vertical) information a…
Horizontal motion in 2 dimensions
- mass and force doesn't matter ... - any object projected horiz…
range
horizontal distance
8 terms
2 Dimension Motion
Horizontal Component (vx)
Vertical Component (vy)
Projectile
Centripetal Force
The vector component in the x-direction.
The vector component in the y-direction.
An object that moves through space in which gravity is the on…
Net force acting on a object moving in a curved path that acc…
Horizontal Component (vx)
The vector component in the x-direction.
Vertical Component (vy)
The vector component in the y-direction.
9 terms
2. Motion in One Dimension
kinematics
position-versus-time graph
velocity-versus-time graph
uniform motion
the mathematical description of motion
a continuous curve showing an object's position as a function…
a continuous curve showing an object's velocity as a function…
straight-line motion where equal displacements occur in any s…
kinematics
the mathematical description of motion
position-versus-time graph
a continuous curve showing an object's position as a function…
8 terms
2 Dimension Motion
Horizontal Component (vx)
Vertical Component (vy)
Projectile
Centripetal Force
The vector component in the x-direction.
The vector component in the y-direction.
An object that moves through space in which gravity is the on…
Net force acting on a object moving in a curved path that acc…
Horizontal Component (vx)
The vector component in the x-direction.
Vertical Component (vy)
The vector component in the y-direction.
8 terms
2 Dimension Motion
Horizontal Component (vx)
Vertical Component (vy)
Projectile
Centripetal Force
The vector component in the x-direction.
The vector component in the y-direction.
An object that moves through space in which gravity is the on…
Net force acting on a object moving in a curved path that acc…
Horizontal Component (vx)
The vector component in the x-direction.
Vertical Component (vy)
The vector component in the y-direction.
8 terms
2 Dimension Motion
Horizontal Component (vx)
Vertical Component (vy)
Projectile
Centripetal Force
The vector component in the x-direction.
The vector component in the y-direction.
An object that moves through space in which gravity is the on…
Net force acting on a object moving in a curved path that acc…
Horizontal Component (vx)
The vector component in the x-direction.
Vertical Component (vy)
The vector component in the y-direction.
14 terms
Chapter 4: Motion in 2 Dimensions
Vector
Scalar
"Resolving a Vector"
Components
Measures magnitude and direction, represented w arrows, point…
Measures on magnitude ex: speed and direction
Find its components (use sin cos tan)
Lengths of the vector along specified direction
Vector
Measures magnitude and direction, represented w arrows, point…
Scalar
Measures on magnitude ex: speed and direction
25 terms
Chapter 3 Motion in 2 Dimensions
Scalar Quantities
Vector Quantities
Resultant
Vector addition
has magnitude but no direction (mass, volume, temp, speed)
has magnitude and direction (velocity, acceleration, displace…
the sum of 2 or more vectors
(vector)a + (vector)b = (resultant)c
Scalar Quantities
has magnitude but no direction (mass, volume, temp, speed)
Vector Quantities
has magnitude and direction (velocity, acceleration, displace…
15 terms
Motion in 2 dimensions chapter 6
Projectile
Trajectory
None they are independent
Gravity
An object shot through the air
An objects path through space
What is the effect horizontal an vertical motions have on eac…
What causes a change In vertical velocity
Projectile
An object shot through the air
Trajectory
An objects path through space
11 terms
Chapter 6- Motion in 2 Dimensions
Projectile
Trajectory
Flight time
Range
Motion of an object given initial velocity that then moves on…
The path of the projectile flying
The amount of time that a projectile is in the air
The horizontal distance traveled by a projectile
Projectile
Motion of an object given initial velocity that then moves on…
Trajectory
The path of the projectile flying
14 terms
Chapter 6- Motion in 2 Dimensions
projectile
trajectory
uniform circular motion
centripetal acceleration
an object shot or thrown through the air
a projectile's path through space
the movement of an object at a constant speed around a circle…
acceleration that always points toward the center of a circle
projectile
an object shot or thrown through the air
trajectory
a projectile's path through space
41 terms
Chapter 2 - Motion in One Dimension
scalar
vector
distance
displacement
a quantity with MAGNITUDE ONLY!!!... ex.) time, mass, speed, de…
a quantity that has MAGNITUDE and DIRECTION... ex.) velocity, a…
refers to "length of the path an object has covered during it…
refers to a "change in position"(length of shortest straight-…
scalar
a quantity with MAGNITUDE ONLY!!!... ex.) time, mass, speed, de…
vector
a quantity that has MAGNITUDE and DIRECTION... ex.) velocity, a…
10 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in Two Dimensions
Displacement Vector
True
True
Frame of reference
Vector that represents a change in position
If a scalar is negative, then the vector direction reverses -…
Velocity, acceleration, and force vectors don't represent pos…
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Displacement Vector
Vector that represents a change in position
True
If a scalar is negative, then the vector direction reverses -…
9 terms
Motion - One Dimension Ch. 2
Displacement
Distance
Vector
Scalar
the moving of something from its place or position
an amount of space between two things or people
a quantity having direction as well as magnitude, especially…
having only magnitude, not direction
Displacement
the moving of something from its place or position
Distance
an amount of space between two things or people
9 terms
Chapter 2: One Dimension Motion
Displacement
Distance
Velocity
Instantaneous Velocity
the change in position of an object
a numerical description of how far apart objects are
a physical vector quantity; both magnitude and direction are…
the velocity of an object at some instant or at a specific po…
Displacement
the change in position of an object
Distance
a numerical description of how far apart objects are
11 terms
Motion 2 dimensions test equations
Range
y(top)
Vf
y(thrown downward)
Vxt
1/2gt^2
Vo+at
Vot+1/2gt^2
Range
Vxt
y(top)
1/2gt^2
62 terms
Lab 2: Motion in 1 Dimension
objective
____________ is credited for originati…
Newton was born on a farm in Lincolnsh…
Newton developed what is now called __…
Understand, analyze and solve problems with motion in one dim…
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
Christmas day.
infinitesimal Calculus
objective
Understand, analyze and solve problems with motion in one dim…
____________ is credited for originati…
Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727)
24 terms
Ch. 2 Motion in One Dimension
Dynamics
Kinematics
Kinematics in One Direction
Geocentric Model
The study of motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
The part of dynamics that describes motion without regard to…
Motion along a straight line
Theory of the Universe that regarded the Earth as the center…
Dynamics
The study of motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
Kinematics
The part of dynamics that describes motion without regard to…
8 terms
Chapter #2: Motion in One Dimension
Kinematic
Dynamic
Scalar Quantity
Vector Quantity
Study of motion only.
Study of motion and physical concepts like force and mass.
Quantity that only consists of numbers and a unit (Example: d…
A quantity that consists of a number, unit, and direction (Ex…
Kinematic
Study of motion only.
Dynamic
Study of motion and physical concepts like force and mass.
11 terms
Ch. 2: Motion in One Dimension
at rest
component of a vector
displacement
distance
the condition of an object whose position is not changing
The part of a vector associated with a specific direction (fo…
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
An amount of space between two things or people.
at rest
the condition of an object whose position is not changing
component of a vector
The part of a vector associated with a specific direction (fo…
13 terms
Ch. 2 Motion in One Dimension
motion
trajectory
object
accelerating
change of an object position over time
the path an object moves
anything that has mass
changing of magnitude of the velocity
motion
change of an object position over time
trajectory
the path an object moves
12 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
Frame of Reference
Motion
Displacement
Instantaneous Velocity
a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…
the displacement of an object in relation to objects that are…
change in position
is the velocity of an object at some instant
Frame of Reference
a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…
Motion
the displacement of an object in relation to objects that are…
6 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
frame of reference
displacement
average velocity
instantaneous velocity
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
The change in position of an object.
The total displacement divided by the time interval during wh…
The velocity of an object at some instant or at a specific po…
frame of reference
A system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
displacement
The change in position of an object.
32 terms
Motion in Dimension (PHYSICS Ch.2)
Dynamics
Kinematics
frame of reference
Displacement
The study if motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
The part of dynamics that describes motion regardless to its…
a choice of coordinate axes that defines the staring point fo…
∆ in position... ∆x = xf - xi... ☝final ☝initial
Dynamics
The study if motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
Kinematics
The part of dynamics that describes motion regardless to its…
9 terms
Physics- Vectors & Motion in 2 Dimension
two dimensional motion
vector
component
magnitude
motion thag involves horizontal & vertical components
quantities with direction
the parts of a vector
meters/second (length)
two dimensional motion
motion thag involves horizontal & vertical components
vector
quantities with direction
10 terms
Ch 2 motion in one dimension
Kinematics
Speed
A steep slope in a position vs time gr…
The slope of a graph
Name for the mathematical description of motion
Is the magnitude of the velocity vector and is always positive
Corresponds to a faster speed
Describes the motion of an object
Kinematics
Name for the mathematical description of motion
Speed
Is the magnitude of the velocity vector and is always positive
10 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in One Dimension
kinematics
position vs. time graph (x-vs-t graph)
velocity
displacement vector
the name for the mathematical description of motion (think ci…
the graphic will always go RIGHT, time is always increasing
= the slope of a position vs time graph. A combination of mag…
distance (d=pythagorean theorem) and direction (described by…
kinematics
the name for the mathematical description of motion (think ci…
position vs. time graph (x-vs-t graph)
the graphic will always go RIGHT, time is always increasing
45 terms
Ch. 2 Motion in One Dimension
motion
kinematics
mechanics
scalar quanity
the change in position of an object
the mathematical description of motion
branch of physics dealing with motion and forces
described completely by magnitude
motion
the change in position of an object
kinematics
the mathematical description of motion
9 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
displacement
average velocity
average speed
instantaneous velocity
change in position... final position - initial position... /\x= Xf…
displacement divided time interval... /\x / /\t
distance traveled divided by time of travel ... d/t
/\x / /\t , where /\t is very small
displacement
change in position... final position - initial position... /\x= Xf…
average velocity
displacement divided time interval... /\x / /\t
22 terms
Ch2 motion in One dimension
dynamics
kinematics
frame of reference
displacement
the study of motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
the part of dynamics that describes motion without regard to…
a choice of coordinate axes that defines the starting point f…
change of x of on object is define as its change in position;…
dynamics
the study of motion and of physical concepts such as force an…
kinematics
the part of dynamics that describes motion without regard to…
33 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in One Dimension
Kinematics
Origin
Point Particle
Displacement... Δx
_____ is the branch of physics that describes the motion of o…
The _____ is the point where the axes meet
An object in a coordinate system is treated as a _____, with…
Physicists call change in position _____, and in one dimensio…
Kinematics
_____ is the branch of physics that describes the motion of o…
Origin
The _____ is the point where the axes meet
15 terms
Ch2: Motion in one dimension
Frame of reference (n)
Vertical axis (n)
Horizontal axis (n)
Compute (v)
Hệ quy chiếu
Trục dọc
Trục ngang
Determine by mathematics ... - To be computed: được tính
Frame of reference (n)
Hệ quy chiếu
Vertical axis (n)
Trục dọc
33 terms
Ch 2 - Motion in One Dimension
Thrown straight up
Presence of air friction
Velocity changes by equal amounts
Velocity at the top is zero
An object's velocity can change directions when its accelerat…
An object can have increasing speed while its acceleration is…
When an object is moving with constant acceleration in equal…
When a ball is thrown straight up, its ____. (Velocity)
Thrown straight up
An object's velocity can change directions when its accelerat…
Presence of air friction
An object can have increasing speed while its acceleration is…
12 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in One - Dimension
Frame of Reference
Displacement
Average Velocity
Instantaneous Velocity
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the change in position of an object
the total displacement divided by the time interval during wh…
the velocity of an object at some instant or at a specific po…
Frame of Reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
Displacement
the change in position of an object
9 terms
Ch. 2 One Dimension Motion
Displacement
distance
vector
scalor
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
The length of a path between two points
A quantity that has magnitude and direction
Quantity that only measures magnitude
Displacement
Distance and direction of an object's change in position from…
distance
The length of a path between two points
12 terms
Ch. 2: Motion in One Dimension
frame of reference
displacement
average velocity
average velocity (formula)
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the change in position of an object
the total displacement divided by the time interval in which…
v(avg) = ∆x ÷ ∆t
frame of reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
displacement
the change in position of an object
10 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
kinematics
displacement
distance
vector
study of objects in motion
moves from point A to point B, distance in a particular direc…
length of a path followed by a particle
speed and direction
kinematics
study of objects in motion
displacement
moves from point A to point B, distance in a particular direc…
9 terms
Chapter 2 - Motion in One Dimension
Displacement
Distance
Vector
Scalar
The distance moved of an object from its original position
The total amount an object moved
A value of both magnitude and direction
The value of magnitude
Displacement
The distance moved of an object from its original position
Distance
The total amount an object moved
31 terms
Unit 2 Motion in One Dimension
Relative position
Coordinate system
Initial and final positions
Reference frame
"With respect to..." ... Ex.) Student A is 1 m East of Student B…
Represented by an X axis, with the origin located at X= 0
Are indicated with Xi and Xf
- any measurement of position, distance, or speed must be mad…
Relative position
"With respect to..." ... Ex.) Student A is 1 m East of Student B…
Coordinate system
Represented by an X axis, with the origin located at X= 0
16 terms
Chp 2 Motion in One Dimension
Define Kinematics
Define the Greek work kinema
Translational motion
For one dimensional motion, this can m…
Mathematical description of motion without regard to causes
movement
Motion by which a body shifts from one point in space to anot…
speeding up or slowing down.
Define Kinematics
Mathematical description of motion without regard to causes
Define the Greek work kinema
movement
12 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in One Dimension
velocity
slope
position vs time slope
velocity vs time
delta x/ time
rise/run
slope is velocity at that point in the motion
slope is acceleration
velocity
delta x/ time
slope
rise/run
17 terms
Motion in One Dimension (Chapter 2)
Acceleration
Average Velocity
Displacement
Frame of Reference
The rate of change of velocity.
The displacement of the object divided by the time interval.…
A change of position in a certain direction, not the total di…
A coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…
Acceleration
The rate of change of velocity.
Average Velocity
The displacement of the object divided by the time interval.…
5 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in one Dimension
Displacement
Average Velocity
Instantaneous velocity
Acceleration
Change in the position of the object ... Difference between wher…
Displacement/ time
The speed you are going at that exact moment.
Rate of change in velocity ... Change in speed, direction, or bo…
Displacement
Change in the position of the object ... Difference between wher…
Average Velocity
Displacement/ time
54 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in one dimension
Vave= delta X/delta y
a= delta V/delta T
m/s
m/s^2
What is the formula for velocity?
What is the formula for acceleration?
what units are usually used to measure velocity?
What units are usually used to measure acceleration?
Vave= delta X/delta y
What is the formula for velocity?
a= delta V/delta T
What is the formula for acceleration?
15 terms
Chapter 2 "Motion in one Dimension"
Dynamics
Kinematics
Geocentric Model
Heliocentric Model
The study of Motion and of Physical concepts such as Force an…
The portion of Dynamics that describes Motion without regard…
Model depicting Earth as center of the Universe;... was accepted…
Model depicting Earth and other planets revolving in circular…
Dynamics
The study of Motion and of Physical concepts such as Force an…
Kinematics
The portion of Dynamics that describes Motion without regard…
17 terms
Chapter 2: Motion in One Dimension
average velocity
average velocity/acceleration
acceleration
instantaneous velocity/acceleration
dx / dt
(vf-vi) / (t₂-t₁)
(x₂-x₁) / (t₂-t₁)
v / t
average velocity
dx / dt
average velocity/acceleration
(vf-vi) / (t₂-t₁)
9 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
frame of reference
displacement
velocity
average velocity
a choice of coordinate axes that defines the starting point o…
the change in position
total distance divided by the total time elapsed
the change in displacement divided by the change in time
frame of reference
a choice of coordinate axes that defines the starting point o…
displacement
the change in position
14 terms
Chapter 2 - Motion in One Dimension
One dimension motion
frame of reference
displacement
Δx = xf - xi
the simplest form of motion
a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…
the change in position of an object
displacement=change in position=final position - initial posi…
One dimension motion
the simplest form of motion
frame of reference
a coordinate system for specifying the precise location of ob…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Motion in One Dimension
Velocity
Acceleration
Position
Displacement
- how fast something is moving and in which direction it is m…
- measures the rate at which an object speeds up, slows down,…
- the location of an object relative to a reference point cal…
- the direction and distance of the shortest path between an…
Velocity
- how fast something is moving and in which direction it is m…
Acceleration
- measures the rate at which an object speeds up, slows down,…
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