Study sets matching "motion physical science gravity"

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Study sets matching "motion physical science gravity"

55 terms
Physical Science: Motion, Force, Friction and Gravity
motion
distance
displacement
calculating displacement
change in an objects position, relative to a reference point,…
the total length travelled
the distance and direction of an objects change in position,…
same direction is added/ opposite direction is subtracted
motion
change in an objects position, relative to a reference point,…
distance
the total length travelled
5 terms
Physical Science VOCABULARY: Gravity, Force, & Motion
friction
gravity
compression
centripetal force
Force that opposes the motion of an object and is caused by t…
Force of attraction; objects tend to fall towards the center…
Force that acts to press against itself (or shorten) the obje…
Force acting on an object moving on a curved (circular) path,…
friction
Force that opposes the motion of an object and is caused by t…
gravity
Force of attraction; objects tend to fall towards the center…
9 terms
Science Vocab Words: Physics and Laws of Gravity and Motion
First Law of Motion
Inertia
Second Law of Motion
Newton
~ The ______ ______ ___ __________ is the basis of numerous h…
~ ____________ is the tendency of an object to remain at rest…
~The _________ ____ __ ________ states that an object begins…
~ A ________ is defined as the force needed to accelerate a 1…
First Law of Motion
~ The ______ ______ ___ __________ is the basis of numerous h…
Inertia
~ ____________ is the tendency of an object to remain at rest…
16 terms
Science - ELEMENTS OF PHYSICS MOTION, FORCE, AND GRAVITY
calculus
First Law of Motion
First Revolution of Physics
Force
a type of mathematics developed by Newton... and others.
called the "principle of inertia."
synthesis of Isaac Newton,... which was built on the work of ear…
to a physicist the only forces in nature are gravity, electro…
calculus
a type of mathematics developed by Newton... and others.
First Law of Motion
called the "principle of inertia."
24 terms
Physics: Forces, Motion, Gravity
The center of mass (equation)
Newton's first law
Newton's second law
Newton's third law,
is the average distance, weighted by mass
inertia... The law of inertia basically states the following: w…
F = ma
orces equal and opposite
The center of mass (equation)
is the average distance, weighted by mass
Newton's first law
inertia... The law of inertia basically states the following: w…
27 terms
Science - Force, Motion and Gravity
What is a FORCE?
What can a force do?
How is force measured?
What is a contact force?
a push or a pull that has both size and direction
cause a change in an object's motion - a change of speed or d…
in Newtons (N)
a force that acts when one object touches or bumps into another
What is a FORCE?
a push or a pull that has both size and direction
What can a force do?
cause a change in an object's motion - a change of speed or d…
6 terms
6th Grade Science- Gravity in Motion
gravity
law of universal gravitation
mass
weight
The force that pulls an apple to the ground, pulls the moon t…
States that every object in the universe attracts every other…
The amount of matter in an object.
The measure of the force of gravity on an object.
gravity
The force that pulls an apple to the ground, pulls the moon t…
law of universal gravitation
States that every object in the universe attracts every other…
8 terms
Physics motion and gravity
Inertial mass
Keplers second law
Gravitational mass
Gravitational field
Amount of resistance an object has to any application of force
States that an imaginary line drawn between a planet and the…
When it is increases gravitational force will also increase ;…
Region around the earth where objects experience a force due…
Inertial mass
Amount of resistance an object has to any application of force
Keplers second law
States that an imaginary line drawn between a planet and the…
19 terms
Physics: Circular Motion & Gravity
disk: greater tangential outer or inner?
disk: greater rotational speed outer o…
centripetal force
centrifugal force
outer, greater radius
same, same number of revolutions
center-seeking force, causes obj to follow circular path
center-fleeing, fictional force: not part of interaction
disk: greater tangential outer or inner?
outer, greater radius
disk: greater rotational speed outer o…
same, same number of revolutions
41 terms
Physics Gravity and Motion quiz
Describe the tide.
Black holes
The pedigree Orbit
The apogee orbit
the tide occurs when the moon is halfway between a new moon a…
A mass that has collapsed. It creates a density that is enorm…
The point at which the elliptical orbit is nearest to the cen…
The point in which the center of the orbit is farthest from t…
Describe the tide.
the tide occurs when the moon is halfway between a new moon a…
Black holes
A mass that has collapsed. It creates a density that is enorm…
55 terms
Physical Science: Motion, Force, Friction and Gravity(Ms.Sharif)
motion
distance
displacement
calculating displacement
change in an objects position, relative to a reference point,…
the total length travelled
the distance and direction of an objects change in position,…
same direction is added/ opposite direction is subtracted
motion
change in an objects position, relative to a reference point,…
distance
the total length travelled
Science Gravity & Motion
Newton's First Law of Motion
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Newton's Third Law of Motion
If objects have different weights. . .…
an object at rest will remain at rest and an object that is m…
the net force on an object is equal to the product of its acc…
if one object exerts a force on another object, then the seco…
they still fall at the same rate if there is no air resistance
Newton's First Law of Motion
an object at rest will remain at rest and an object that is m…
Newton's Second Law of Motion
the net force on an object is equal to the product of its acc…
10 terms
8th Grade Science - Gravity and Motion
Force
Gravity
Law of Universal Gravitation
Mass
Push or pull exerted on an object
Attractive force between objects; it's strength depends on th…
A scientific law that states every object in the universe a…
Amount of matter in an object
Force
Push or pull exerted on an object
Gravity
Attractive force between objects; it's strength depends on th…
Physics: Circular Motion and Gravity
Rotation
Revolution
Axis
Period
Turning around an internal axis
Turning around an external axis
An imaginary line around through which turning takes place
The time to go around once; usually measured seconds
Rotation
Turning around an internal axis
Revolution
Turning around an external axis
33 terms
Physics --Rotational Motion and the Law of gravity
rotational motion
radian
angular displacement
angular speed
motion of a body that spins about an axis.
an angle whose arc length is equal to its radius, which is ap…
The change in the angle as an object rotates.
the rate at which a body rotates about an axis, usually expre…
rotational motion
motion of a body that spins about an axis.
radian
an angle whose arc length is equal to its radius, which is ap…
Science Motion/Gravity vocab
Motion
Reference Point
speed
Speed Formula
Means moving; it is measured as distance. Meters are used to…
Is an object used for comparison to tell if an object is in m…
It tells you how far something moves in a certain amount of t…
Ex:
Motion
Means moving; it is measured as distance. Meters are used to…
Reference Point
Is an object used for comparison to tell if an object is in m…
31 terms
Physics: Gravity and Motion
Suppose a baseball and a marble are dr…
What Italian scientist argued that the…
Why do object fall to the ground at th…
On what two factors does acceleration…
They would hit the ground at the same time.
Galileo Galilei
Because mass does not affect gravity
On force and mass
Suppose a baseball and a marble are dr…
They would hit the ground at the same time.
What Italian scientist argued that the…
Galileo Galilei
7 terms
Science vocab - Gravity and Motion
Force
Gravity
Law of universal gravitation
Mass
A push or pull
A force that attracts all objects toward each other
Every object in the universe attracts every other object
The amount of matter in an object
Force
A push or pull
Gravity
A force that attracts all objects toward each other
Physics Circular Motion and Gravity
Fc = mac
ac = (v^2)/r
VT = (2pir)/T
ac = (4pi^2r)/(T^2)
Centripetal Force Equation
Centripetal Acceleration Equation
Velocity
Centripetal Acceleration Equation with Period
Fc = mac
Centripetal Force Equation
ac = (v^2)/r
Centripetal Acceleration Equation
42 terms
Physics: Gravity and Centripetal Motion
Describe the function and direction of…
Identify forces that are used as centr…
Describe the effects of changing 'r' o…
Describe simulated gravity in the exam…
function-force used to create circular motion... direction-point…
...
more r=more roational speed=more Fc. Less r=less roational sp…
...
Describe the function and direction of…
function-force used to create circular motion... direction-point…
Identify forces that are used as centr…
...
Science gravity and motion
Proved that all objects fall to the gr…
9.8 seconds squared
🔼velocity=gravity * time
Air resistance
Gailo
All objects accelerate toward the Earth at the rate of
You can calculate the change in velocity of a falling object…
Is the force that opposes motion of all objects through the air
Proved that all objects fall to the gr…
Gailo
9.8 seconds squared
All objects accelerate toward the Earth at the rate of
8 terms
Physics- gravity and circular motion
If the earth were hollow but still had…
If the earth were of uniform density,…
The gravitational force of attraction…
A ball of mass M at the end of a strin…
Your weight would be the same
Your weight would be less in the mineshaft
Doubling the mass of both objects, only
Doubling V and halving R
If the earth were hollow but still had…
Your weight would be the same
If the earth were of uniform density,…
Your weight would be less in the mineshaft
50 terms
Science: Forces, Motion, and Gravity
Force
The Newton (N)
Magnetic force
Net force
A push or a pull
Unit used to express force
A force that can act at a distance; it is also a push or a pull
The combination of all the forces acting on an object
Force
A push or a pull
The Newton (N)
Unit used to express force
11 terms
Physic: Gravity and Motion
What is the meaning of the acceleratio…
How does the velocity of a falling obj…
The force that opposes the motion of o…
What 3 factors affect the amount of ai…
Accelerate toward Earth at the rate of 9.8 meters per hour
When it goes down, it speed up... When it goes up, it slow down
Air resistance
1) size... 2) shape... 3) speed
What is the meaning of the acceleratio…
Accelerate toward Earth at the rate of 9.8 meters per hour
How does the velocity of a falling obj…
When it goes down, it speed up... When it goes up, it slow down
10 terms
Physics rotational motion and gravity
tangential speed
rotational speed
rotational intertia
torque
the linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
the number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time
that property of an object that measures its resistance to an…
the product of force and lever-arm distance which tends to pr…
tangential speed
the linear speed tangent to a curved path, such as in circula…
rotational speed
the number of rotations or revolutions per unit of time
13 terms
Science Forces and Motion Gravity
What is Gravity?
How does the force of gravity affect o…
Force (definition)
Force
- force that causes matter to be attracted to other matter... -w…
-force of gravity acting on an object on Earth determines the…
a pull or push that is applied to an object
Force is a push or a pull on an object
What is Gravity?
- force that causes matter to be attracted to other matter... -w…
How does the force of gravity affect o…
-force of gravity acting on an object on Earth determines the…
14 terms
Science Gravity And Motion Quiz
Gravity
Air resistance
Projectile motion
Centripetal force
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The force that opposes the motion of objects falling through…
A curved path that an object follows when it is thrown near t…
Unbalanced force that causes an object to move in a circular…
Gravity
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
Air resistance
The force that opposes the motion of objects falling through…
Science - Gravity and Motion
What is Gravity?
What is Mass?
What is Weight?
How fast do objects accelerate towards…
The pulling force that attracts all objects to each other. Th…
The amount of matter in an object. Measured with a beam balan…
The pulling force of gravity on an object. Measured with a sp…
9.8 m/s/s
What is Gravity?
The pulling force that attracts all objects to each other. Th…
What is Mass?
The amount of matter in an object. Measured with a beam balan…
Science SQ - Gravity and Motion
A force that pulls objects toward each…
The force that makes an apple fall to…
What does the law of the universal gra…
The force of attraction between two ob…
gravity
the same force that keeps Earth orbiting the sun.
The force of gravity acts between all objects in the universe.
Mass and the distance between the items.
A force that pulls objects toward each…
gravity
The force that makes an apple fall to…
the same force that keeps Earth orbiting the sun.
11 terms
SCIENCE GRAVITY AND MOTION
Cause and Effect
Data
Pattern
Science
Scientists use experiments to look for patterns in data that…
The measurements and observations gathered from an experiment.
A blank is something that happens in a regular and repeated w…
All knowledge learned from experiments is parts of blank.
Cause and Effect
Scientists use experiments to look for patterns in data that…
Data
The measurements and observations gathered from an experiment.
Science Gravity & Motion
Force
gravity
Law of universal gravitation
mass
push or pull
Attracts all object toward each other
States that every object in the universe attracts every other…
Is the amount of matter in an object
Force
push or pull
gravity
Attracts all object toward each other
Science Gravity, Motion, and Energy
Force
Gravity
Mass
Does mass vary from one place to anoth…
A push or pull
Force or attraction that exists between any two masses
A measure of how much matter is in a body
No
Force
A push or pull
Gravity
Force or attraction that exists between any two masses
5 terms
Science Gravity and Motion
Sir Isaac Newton
Newton's Laws of Motion
Gravity
Mass
(1643-1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronom…
1. Inertia-an object at rest will stay at rest and an object…
force of attraction between objects due to their mass and rel…
Total amount of matter in an object
Sir Isaac Newton
(1643-1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronom…
Newton's Laws of Motion
1. Inertia-an object at rest will stay at rest and an object…
10 terms
Science Gravity and Motion
Multiplicative Inverse Reciprocal
Repeating decimal
Benchmark
Terminating decimal
one or two numbers whose product is one
a decimal number has one or more digits that repeat continuou…
a familiar number used as a point of reference
a decimal that ends or stops
Multiplicative Inverse Reciprocal
one or two numbers whose product is one
Repeating decimal
a decimal number has one or more digits that repeat continuou…
Science Gravity and Motion
Projectile Motion
Centripedal Force
Inertia
Momentum
Curved path an object follows as a result of a centripedal fo…
Unbalanced force that causes projectile motion
Tendency of all objects to resist changes in motion
Property of a moving object; depends on mass and velocity
Projectile Motion
Curved path an object follows as a result of a centripedal fo…
Centripedal Force
Unbalanced force that causes projectile motion
10 terms
Science-Gravity and Motion
Projectile motion
Accelerate, same
Equals, harder, accelerate
Formulation for gravity (g)
the curved path that an object follows when thrown, launched…
All objects in FREE FALL ______ at the ______ rate
More mass _____ moving gravitation force, but more mass is al…
9.8 m/s2
Projectile motion
the curved path that an object follows when thrown, launched…
Accelerate, same
All objects in FREE FALL ______ at the ______ rate
science gravity and motion-1
cause and effect
data
experiment
hypothesis
a relationship between events or things, where one is the res…
the measure and observations gathered from an experiment
a specific procedure that tests if a hypothesis is true or fa…
a clear and concise statement that can be proven true or false
cause and effect
a relationship between events or things, where one is the res…
data
the measure and observations gathered from an experiment
Gravity and Motion -Science Vocab
Force
Gravity
Law of universal gravitation
Mass
A push or pull
Attracts all objects toward each other
States that every object in the universe attracts every other…
The amount of matter in an object
Force
A push or pull
Gravity
Attracts all objects toward each other
6 terms
Science: Gravity and Motion
Phase
Eclipse
Solar Eclipse
Penumbra
One of the different apparent shapes of the moon as seen from…
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by anoth…
The blocking of sunlight to Earth that occurs when the moon i…
The part of a shadow surrounding the darkest part.
Phase
One of the different apparent shapes of the moon as seen from…
Eclipse
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by anoth…
Science Vocab: Gravity and Motion
Orbit
Force
Law of Universal Gravitation
Mass
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
a push or pull exerted on an object
the scientific law that states that every object in the unive…
a measure of how much matter is in an object
Orbit
the path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Force
a push or pull exerted on an object
Science Gravity and Motion
Gravity
Force
Universal Gravitation
Mass
Attracts all objects toward each other
A push or pull
States that every object in the universe attracts every other…
The amount of matter in an object
Gravity
Attracts all objects toward each other
Force
A push or pull
Science gravity and motion
Gravity
Mass
Weight
Acceleration of Gravity
A pulling force that attracts objects together
Amount of matter in an object
Pulling force of gravity on an object
All objects that accelerate toward earth at the same rate (9.…
Gravity
A pulling force that attracts objects together
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
10 terms
Science gravity and motion
Gravity
Mass
Weight
Acceleration of gravity
Pulling force that attracts all objects to each other
Amount of matter in an object
Pulling force of gravity on an object
All objects accelerate toward earth at the same rate (9.8m/s/s)
Gravity
Pulling force that attracts all objects to each other
Mass
Amount of matter in an object
Science Force, Motion, and Gravity
Friction
Friction 2
Fluid Friction
Rough Surfaces
Resistance to Sliding.
The two objects must be rubbing together.
The force that slows you down in water.
Greater Friction.
Friction
Resistance to Sliding.
Friction 2
The two objects must be rubbing together.
Nordonia Science; Gravity & Motion
the mass of an object does not affect…
fall; same rate; acceleration; same
heavier; greater; harder; accelerate;…
9.8m/s²
What did Galileo think about falling objects?
Objects _ to the ground at the _ _ because the _ due to gravi…
A _ object experiences a _ gravitational force than a lighter…
What is the rate at which objects accelerate towards Earth?
the mass of an object does not affect…
What did Galileo think about falling objects?
fall; same rate; acceleration; same
Objects _ to the ground at the _ _ because the _ due to gravi…
11 terms
Science- Gravity & Planetary Motion
Rotation
Orbit
Revolution
Period of Revolution
the spin of a body on its axis
the path that a body follows as it travels around another bod…
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
the amount of time a planet takes to complete a single trip a…
Rotation
the spin of a body on its axis
Orbit
the path that a body follows as it travels around another bod…
10 terms
Physics - Rotational Motion and the Law of Gravity
Angular Acceleration
Angular Displacement
Angular Speed
Centripetal Acceleration
The time rate of change of angular speed, expressed in radian…
The angle through which a point, line, or body is rotated in…
The rate at which a body rotates about an axis, usually expre…
Accleration directed toward the center of a circular path.
Angular Acceleration
The time rate of change of angular speed, expressed in radian…
Angular Displacement
The angle through which a point, line, or body is rotated in…
17 terms
vocabulary for science gravity and motion
force
static friction
air resistance
balanced forces
a push or a pull
friction between two or more objects
friction caused by air
does not change the objects motion
force
a push or a pull
static friction
friction between two or more objects
19 terms
Physics Power Set: Motion/Gravity 2
velocity
acceleration
deceleration
frame of reference
rate of change in position (plus direction)
increase in speed or velocity... "Speeding up"
decrease in speed or velocity... "slowing down"
object used to detect motion... example: the ground, the sun, et…
velocity
rate of change in position (plus direction)
acceleration
increase in speed or velocity... "Speeding up"
5 terms
Science - Forces, Motion and Gravity
Balanced forces
Friction always
Distance =
Mass =
When forces add up to 0
Opposes Movement
Speed × Time
The amount of matter In an object
Balanced forces
When forces add up to 0
Friction always
Opposes Movement
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