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Study sets matching "motivation and emotion chapter 9"

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Study sets matching "motivation and emotion chapter 9"

166 terms
Chapter 9, Motivation and emotion
motivation
motivation is...
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
what "moves" people to do the things they do.
a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome th…
the type of motivation in which a person performs an action b…
motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
motivation is...
what "moves" people to do the things they do.
44 terms
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
Motivation and emotion come from what…
General Theories of Motivation
Activating
Directive
Movere "To Move"
Activating, Directive, Sustaining, Motivating
It stimulates us to do something
It guides our behaviours toward meeting specific goals/needs
Motivation and emotion come from what…
Movere "To Move"
General Theories of Motivation
Activating, Directive, Sustaining, Motivating
27 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
the inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillmen…
an unlearned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is es…
the theory that an imbalance in homeostasis creates a physiol…
tendency for organisms to keep physiological systems balanced…
motivation
the inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillmen…
instinct
an unlearned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is es…
30 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Instinct approach
Drive reduction theory
Act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
Outcome is separate from person
Propose that some human actions may be motivated by instincts…
We act to reduce/satisfy needs and reduce tension
Intrinsic Motivation
Act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
Extrinsic motivation
Outcome is separate from person
9 terms
Motivation and Emotion: Chapter 9
temperament
personality
personality traits
trait environment interaction
differences in emotionality that result from genetically inhe…
behavioral consistencies that result from the interaction bet…
specific dimensions in behavioral consistency across time and…
how a person reacts to a situation depends on the amount of a…
temperament
differences in emotionality that result from genetically inhe…
personality
behavioral consistencies that result from the interaction bet…
29 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Instinct
Drive
Homeostasis
The force that moves people to think, and feel the way they do
An innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
An aroused state that occurs because of a psyiological need.
The body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium or steady state.
Motivation
The force that moves people to think, and feel the way they do
Instinct
An innate (unlearned) biological pattern of behavior that is…
9 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
• Motivation-
o instinct, drive-reduction theory-
Arousal and Yerkes-Dodson law
o Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
doing a behavior for a certain reason
a need that causes a drive, which causes us to do a drive dec…
- performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal ra…
• Bottom : physical needs: Lack air water food sex (biologica…
• Motivation-
doing a behavior for a certain reason
o instinct, drive-reduction theory-
a need that causes a drive, which causes us to do a drive dec…
32 terms
Chapter 9: Emotion, Motivation and Work
Basic Emotion
4 Components of Emotion
6 Basic Emotions
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
Innate emotion shared by all humans... A psychological state
1. Positive or negative subjective experience (personal, spec…
Happy... Sad... Fear... Anger... Surprise... Disgust
An individual feels emotions AFTER their body reacts
Basic Emotion
Innate emotion shared by all humans... A psychological state
4 Components of Emotion
1. Positive or negative subjective experience (personal, spec…
22 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
bisexual
coping strategies
distress
drive
person attracted to both men and women
actions that people can take to master, tolerate, reduce, or…
the effect of unpleasant and undesirable stressors
a psychological tension and physical arousal arising when the…
bisexual
person attracted to both men and women
coping strategies
actions that people can take to master, tolerate, reduce, or…
Chapter 9- Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Need
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
In this motivation, a person performs an action because it le…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
A requirement of some material that is essential for the surv…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic Motivation
In this motivation, a person performs an action because it le…
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
Phineas Gage case study
Damasio and "Elliott" Case Study
Maslow's Need Hierarchy... - Need to rea…
Motivation
He accidentally blew the tampering iron through his head, dam…
Ventromedial Frontal Cortex was removed from a tumor surgery.…
- Physiological (Hunger, thirst, warmth, air)... - Safety... - Belo…
Factors that energize and stimulate behaviors. Certain experi…
Phineas Gage case study
He accidentally blew the tampering iron through his head, dam…
Damasio and "Elliott" Case Study
Ventromedial Frontal Cortex was removed from a tumor surgery.…
43 terms
Motivation and emotion- Chapter 9
Motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation
Level of effort in regards to the type…
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Person performs an action because it leads to an outcome that…
Person performs an action because the action itself is reward…
People put more effort (ex. Are more creative) when they are…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic motivation
Person performs an action because it leads to an outcome that…
36 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
motivation
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
instincts
process by which activities are started, directed and continu…
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
type of motivation in which a person performs and action beca…
the biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
motivation
process by which activities are started, directed and continu…
extrinsic motivation
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
14 terms
Chapter9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Drive theory
Expectancy theory
Goal-setting theory
internal processes that activate, guide, and maintain behavio…
biological needs aroused in our bodies (food, water) that cre…
motivation is not primarily a matter of being pushed from wit…
motivation can be strong influenced by goals, but goals must…
Motivation
internal processes that activate, guide, and maintain behavio…
Drive theory
biological needs aroused in our bodies (food, water) that cre…
32 terms
Chapter 9: motivation and emotion
Motivation
What does motivation do?
Examples of motivation
Sources of Motivation
The force that drives individuals to think, feel, and act as…
It initiates, directs, and sustains goal-directed behavior an…
Family tradition... Being the first to accomplish a task... Financi…
Theories indicate these factors as the sources of motivation…
Motivation
The force that drives individuals to think, feel, and act as…
What does motivation do?
It initiates, directs, and sustains goal-directed behavior an…
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
What is motivation?
Incentive
Intrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Stimulus or force that directs behavior, thinking, and persis…
Association established between a behavior and its consequenc…
Drive or urge to continue a behavior because of internal rein…
Drive or urge to continue a behavior because of external rein…
What is motivation?
Stimulus or force that directs behavior, thinking, and persis…
Incentive
Association established between a behavior and its consequenc…
26 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Needs
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
The drive or urge to continue a behavior because of external…
The drive or urge to continue a behavior because of internal…
Physiological or psychological requirements that must be main…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it towar…
Extrinsic Motivation
The drive or urge to continue a behavior because of external…
10 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
instinct
need
drive
homeostasis
a fixed behavior pattern that is characteristic of every memb…
something that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy…
an internal state of tension or arousal that is brought about…
the natural tendency of the body to maintain a balanced inter…
instinct
a fixed behavior pattern that is characteristic of every memb…
need
something that is necessary for an organism to live a healthy…
68 terms
Chapter 9-Motivation and Emotion
motivation
two types of motivation
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
extrinsic and intrinsic
a person performs an action because it leads to an outcome th…
a type of motivation in which a person performs an action bec…
motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
two types of motivation
extrinsic and intrinsic
Chapter 9-Motivation and Emotion
motivation
intrinsic
extrinsic
drive-reduction theory
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
doing something for one reason only Ex: writing paper for onl…
doing something for many reasons
we don't like to be uncomfortable Ex: what makes us eat/drink…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
intrinsic
doing something for one reason only Ex: writing paper for onl…
37 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Emotion
Primary emotions
Secondary emotions
3 Main Theories of Emotion
Feelings that involve subjective evaluation, physiological pr…
evolutionarily adaptive emotions that are shared across cultu…
Blends of primary emotions; they include remorse, guilt, sham…
James-Lange theory, Cannon-Bard theory, Schachter-Singer two-…
Emotion
Feelings that involve subjective evaluation, physiological pr…
Primary emotions
evolutionarily adaptive emotions that are shared across cultu…
36 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation (2 types... Extrinsic and I…
Instincts
Need (Drive Reduction)
Drive (Drive Reduction)
Process that initiates directs, and continues activities that…
Biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior that…
Requirement of some material that is essential for survival.…
Psychological tension and physical arousal due to need that m…
Motivation (2 types... Extrinsic and I…
Process that initiates directs, and continues activities that…
Instincts
Biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior that…
21 terms
Chapter 9 (Motivation and Emotion)
What is a need or desire that energize…
What is the idea that a physiological…
What is a basic bodily requirement?
What is the tendency to maintain a bal…
Motivation
Drive-reduction theory
Physiological need
Homostasis
What is a need or desire that energize…
Motivation
What is the idea that a physiological…
Drive-reduction theory
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivations
Drive-reduction theory
Physiological needs
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state(a…
A basic bodily requirement
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant state; the regu…
Motivations
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Drive-reduction theory
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state(a…
81 terms
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
________ is the process by which activ…
_______ _____ is when a person perform…
_____ _____ is when a person performs…
What are the three sources of motivati…
motivation
extrinsic motivation
intrinsic motivation
internal, external, interactional
________ is the process by which activ…
motivation
_______ _____ is when a person perform…
extrinsic motivation
30 terms
Psychology Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Incentive Approaches
Primary Drives
Instincts
the rate are which the body burns energy when the organism is…
theories of motivation in which behavior is explained as a re…
those drives that involve needs of the body such as hunger an…
those biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior…
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
the rate are which the body burns energy when the organism is…
Incentive Approaches
theories of motivation in which behavior is explained as a re…
75 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
motivation
need
drive
response
internal processes that initiate, sustain, direct, and termin…
an internal deficiency that may energize behavior
the psychological expression of internal needs or valued goals
any action, glandular activity, or other identifiable behavior
motivation
internal processes that initiate, sustain, direct, and termin…
need
an internal deficiency that may energize behavior
23 terms
Chapter 9-Motivation and Emotion
motivation
intrinsic
extrinsic
drive-reduction theory
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
doing something for one reason only Ex: writing paper for onl…
doing something for many reasons
we don't like to be uncomfortable Ex: what makes us eat/drink…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
intrinsic
doing something for one reason only Ex: writing paper for onl…
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
One of the earliest approaches to moti…
An example of a stimulus motive is
The role of the lateral hypothalamus is
The ________ is an adaptation of Charl…
biologically determined patterns of behavior.
exploration
to trigger the eating response when insulin levels go up
facial feedback hypothesis
One of the earliest approaches to moti…
biologically determined patterns of behavior.
An example of a stimulus motive is
exploration
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Need
McClelland's theory (1961, 1987)
Need for Affiliation
what "moves" people to do things they do
requirement of some material that is essential for survival o…
-Need for achievement ... -Need for Affiliation ... -Need for Power
psychological need for friendly social interactions and relat…
Motivation
what "moves" people to do things they do
Need
requirement of some material that is essential for survival o…
10 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotions
Incentive
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Instinct Theory
Association established between a behavior and its consequenc…
refers to behavior that is driven by external rewards such as…
refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards.
views biological or genetic programming as the cause of motiv…
Incentive
Association established between a behavior and its consequenc…
Extrinsic Motivation
refers to behavior that is driven by external rewards such as…
11 terms
Chapter 9 vocab; motivation and emotion
Temperament
Personality
Personality traits
Five factor model
refers to consistent individual differences in emotionally an…
is a consistent way of behaving as a result of the interactio…
refer to consistency in a specific set of behaviors across ti…
openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agre…
Temperament
refers to consistent individual differences in emotionally an…
Personality
is a consistent way of behaving as a result of the interactio…
26 terms
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Instincts
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
The biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic Motivation
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
33 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Emotion
intrinsic motivation
extrinsic motivation
a stimulus that can direct behavior, thinking, and feeling
a psychological state that includes a subjective or inner exp…
the drive or urge to continue a behavior because of internal…
the drive or urge to continue a behavior because of external…
Motivation
a stimulus that can direct behavior, thinking, and feeling
Emotion
a psychological state that includes a subjective or inner exp…
37 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
motivation
extrinsic motivation
instincts
instinct approach
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
the biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
approach to motivation that assumed people are governed by in…
motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
extrinsic motivation
type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
64 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Evolution
survival and reproducing
Motivation
Energized, Directed, Sustained
The process of change in inherited characteristics over gener…
Traits that are successful enhance....
The force that moves people to behave, think, and feel the wa…
3 Parts of Motivation
Evolution
The process of change in inherited characteristics over gener…
survival and reproducing
Traits that are successful enhance....
15 terms
Chapter 9 - Motivation and Emotion
homeostasis
drive
incentive
evolutionary theory
a state of physiological equilibrium or stability.
a hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an o…
an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior.
- Assert that the motives of humans and other species are the…
homeostasis
a state of physiological equilibrium or stability.
drive
a hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an o…
12 terms
Chapter 9 motivation and emotion
Motivation
Intrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Instinct approach
Activitys are started, dirceted and continued to meet physica…
Act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
Out some is separate from us it is getting something in return
People who are motivated by instincts, biological
Motivation
Activitys are started, dirceted and continued to meet physica…
Intrinsic motivation
Act itself is motivating or internally rewarding
13 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and emotion
Motivation
Drive-reduction theory
Physiological need
Homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
The idea that physiological need creates an aroused state (A…
A basic bodily requirment
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Drive-reduction theory
The idea that physiological need creates an aroused state (A…
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Phinus Gage
Damasio
Maslow's Needs Hierarchy
Drives
Revealed important role for PFC in personality and numerous h…
Descartes Error... Case study of Elliot... Ventromedial frontal cor…
1. Self actualization ... 2. Esteem... 3. Belonging and love... 4. Saf…
Psychological states that encourage behaviors that satisfy ne…
Phinus Gage
Revealed important role for PFC in personality and numerous h…
Damasio
Descartes Error... Case study of Elliot... Ventromedial frontal cor…
38 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Phineas Gage Case Study
"Elliott" Case Study
Damasio
Maslow's Need Hierarchy
Revealed important role for PFC in personality and numerous h…
Ventromedial frontal cortex damage... from a tumor surgery... • Los…
Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason and the Human
psychological, safety, belonging and love, esteem, self-actua…
Phineas Gage Case Study
Revealed important role for PFC in personality and numerous h…
"Elliott" Case Study
Ventromedial frontal cortex damage... from a tumor surgery... • Los…
15 terms
Chapter 9: motivation and emotion
Motivation
Incentive value
Intrinsic value
Extrinsic value
The why of behavior
How much it motivates you
When you're motivated to do something by an internal feeling
When you're motivated to do something because you are receivi…
Motivation
The why of behavior
Incentive value
How much it motivates you
76 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Extrinsic Motication
Intrinsic Motivation
Instincts
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
The biologically determined and innate patterns of behavior t…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Extrinsic Motication
Type of motivation in which a person performs an action becau…
52 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
3 Types of Motivation
Needs and Drives
Drive Reduction Theory
Process by which activities are started, directed and continu…
1. Extrinsic = actions are performed to lead to some sort of…
Needs = Requirement of some material that is essential to sur…
Some psychological need occurs that creates a state of tensio…
Motivation
Process by which activities are started, directed and continu…
3 Types of Motivation
1. Extrinsic = actions are performed to lead to some sort of…
39 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
motivation
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
self actualization
growth needs
the process by which activities are started, directed, or con…
a pyramid that puts basic needs at the bottom and more advanc…
full human potential has been achieved
social needs, etc.
motivation
the process by which activities are started, directed, or con…
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
a pyramid that puts basic needs at the bottom and more advanc…
16 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Emotion
Valence
Postive
Negative
subjective feeling
how positive or negative is the emotional experience
good
bad
Emotion
subjective feeling
Valence
how positive or negative is the emotional experience
17 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
motivation
homeostasis
drive
incentive
goal-directed behavior
state of physiological equilibrium or stability
hypothetical, internal state of tension that motivates an org…
external goal that his the capacity to motivate behavior
motivation
goal-directed behavior
homeostasis
state of physiological equilibrium or stability
12 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation:
Instinct approach
Drive- Reduction Approaches
Drives and Homeostasis
Motivation is when start, direct, and continue to do activiti…
Instincts are the biologically determined and innate patterns…
Need: A requirement of some material that is essential for su…
Primary drives: Primary drives are very basic needs of the bo…
Motivation:
Motivation is when start, direct, and continue to do activiti…
Instinct approach
Instincts are the biologically determined and innate patterns…
56 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Instinct Approaches
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
acts itself it's motivating or internally rewarding
outcome is separate from person
Proposed that some human actions may be motivated by instinct…
Motivation
The process by which activities are started, directed, and co…
Intrinsic Motivation
acts itself it's motivating or internally rewarding
22 terms
Chapter 9 Motivation and Emotion
motivation
need
drive
arousal theory
internal processes that initiate, sustain, direct, and termin…
an internal deficiency that may energize behavior
the psychological expression of internal needs or valued goals
assumes that people prefer to maintain ideal, or comfortable,…
motivation
internal processes that initiate, sustain, direct, and termin…
need
an internal deficiency that may energize behavior
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