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Study sets matching "motor control"

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Study sets matching "motor control"

158 terms
Motor Control
Skill
3 elements critical to almost any skill
movements
skills consists of
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
has no particular goal
movements
Skill
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
3 elements critical to almost any skill
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
49 terms
Motor Control
What is motor control?
What is the difference between reactiv…
Motor control emerges from the interac…
What are the three factors within the…
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
Individual, task, environment
Action, perception, cognition.
What is motor control?
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
What is the difference between reactiv…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
145 terms
Motor Learning and Control Final
Chapter 9
What does attention refer to?
What are the limitations of those three?
What are the attention theories? (4)
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
Simultaneous performance of multiple skills and the detection…
1. Filter Theories (bottleneck)... 2. Resource Capacity Theories…
Chapter 9
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
What does attention refer to?
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
158 terms
Motor Control
Skill
3 elements critical to almost any skill
movements
skills consists of
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
has no particular goal
movements
Skill
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
3 elements critical to almost any skill
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
16 terms
Motor control
motor control emerges from interaction…
MOVE
three major factors affect motor learn…
memory and learning are not limited to…
motor control emerges from interaction of the individual with…
Motivation... Olfaction... Visual... Emotion
1. environmental conditions... 2. cognitive processes ... 3. moveme…
discrete
motor control emerges from interaction…
motor control emerges from interaction of the individual with…
MOVE
Motivation... Olfaction... Visual... Emotion
13 terms
Motor Control
Fasciculus Cuneatus
Fasciculus Cuneocerebellar
Fasciculus Gracilis
Lateral Spinothalamic
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Column- Dorsal (Sensory) ... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in LE and…
Column- Lateral (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in periph…
Fasciculus Cuneatus
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Fasciculus Cuneocerebellar
Column- Dorsal (Sensory) ... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
24 terms
Motor Control
Babinski Reflex
Flexor withdrawal
Crossed Extension
Galant or trunk incurvation reaction
0-12 months... Stroke lateral aspect of foot... Look for extension…
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot or palm of h…
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot.... Withdrawal…
0-2 months... Sharp stroke along paravertebral line from scapula…
Babinski Reflex
0-12 months... Stroke lateral aspect of foot... Look for extension…
Flexor withdrawal
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot or palm of h…
70 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equalibrioum
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
change in velocity (acceleration or decceleration)... -linear (e…
-Horizontal (linear) acceleration/deceleration... -head position…
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
35 terms
Motor Control
motor control
Reason for complexities of CNS
Motor control theories provide:
theories of motor control
• Definition: Use of previous information (memory) and curren…
- Overlap of function promotes neuroplasticity... - Improved per…
• Framework for interpreting behavior... • A guide to clinical a…
• Reflex Theory... • Hierarchical Theory... • Motor Programming The…
motor control
• Definition: Use of previous information (memory) and curren…
Reason for complexities of CNS
- Overlap of function promotes neuroplasticity... - Improved per…
64 terms
Motor Control
anosognosia
basal ganglia (book)
caudate
cerebellum
Lack of awareness of one's own disability.
caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus = major components of t…
1/3 major nuclei of basal ganglia in the cerebral hemispheres…
motor coordination, posture, balance, and some cognitive proc…
anosognosia
Lack of awareness of one's own disability.
basal ganglia (book)
caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus = major components of t…
41 terms
Motor Control
subcortex brainstem pathways functions
4 subcortex brainstem pathways
vestibulospinal tract... what does it co…
reticulospinal tract... what does it con…
descending... controls the pattern of somatic motor activity... -a…
1. vestibulospinal... 2. reticulospinal... 3. tectospinal... 4. rubros…
controls posture and balance... ends in the vestibular nucleus…
controls posture and balance... ends in the reticular formation…
subcortex brainstem pathways functions
descending... controls the pattern of somatic motor activity... -a…
4 subcortex brainstem pathways
1. vestibulospinal... 2. reticulospinal... 3. tectospinal... 4. rubros…
34 terms
Motor Control
What happens when you lose motor neuro…
Components of motor cortex
Primary motor cortex
Premotor cortex
Loss of motor control on the left side of the body
Primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, supplemental motor cor…
Responsible for intentional fine motor movement
Deals with learned movements and specific tasks
What happens when you lose motor neuro…
Loss of motor control on the left side of the body
Components of motor cortex
Primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, supplemental motor cor…
45 terms
Motor Control
Sensory systems
Adaptation
Mechanoreceptors
Pacinian corpuscle
sensory receptor (detection) + sensory organ (processing) + p…
decrease in response with continued stimulation
respond to mechanical pressure or distortion. Large, myelinat…
sense vibration, fast adapting
Sensory systems
sensory receptor (detection) + sensory organ (processing) + p…
Adaptation
decrease in response with continued stimulation
83 terms
Motor Control
Coach's responsibility
Intrinsic motivation
extrinsic motivation
drive theory
-teacher- patient
reasons to perform or even try ... within learner
reasons to perform or try outside the learner ... reward
best performance comes from high levels of motivation
Coach's responsibility
-teacher- patient
Intrinsic motivation
reasons to perform or even try ... within learner
7 terms
Motor control
Corticospinal tract (where motor neuro…
Reflex circuits
Motor control is regulated...
Superior colliculus
Corona Radiata... Internal capsule... Midbrain... Pyramid (found in an…
Permit fast responses to potential threats and do not require…
By cortical and subcortical structures... The cortical structure…
Plays important role in generating reflexive eye movements (i…
Corticospinal tract (where motor neuro…
Corona Radiata... Internal capsule... Midbrain... Pyramid (found in an…
Reflex circuits
Permit fast responses to potential threats and do not require…
31 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equilibrium
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
Linear, vertical and angular acceleration
-Horizontal acceleration/deceleration... -head position / tilt
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
70 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equalibrioum
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
change in velocity (acceleration or decceleration)... -linear (e…
-Horizontal acceleration/deceleration... -head position / tilt
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
47 terms
Motor Control
2 Types of Sensory Neurons
Muscle Length
Muscle Force
Static
Muscle Length Muscle Force
Muscle Spindle
Golgi Tendon Organ
Maintain Length
2 Types of Sensory Neurons
Muscle Length Muscle Force
Muscle Length
Muscle Spindle
95 terms
Motor Control
which stage? Flaccidity, no voluntary…
Which stage? Weak Associate Reactions,…
Which stage? 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 or full syn…
Which stage? mass or hook grasp
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 3
which stage? Flaccidity, no voluntary…
Stage 1
Which stage? Weak Associate Reactions,…
Stage 2
117 terms
Motor Control
What is motor control?
Are the ways in which motor abilities…
How do we learn motor control?
What do we need to develop motor contr…
Motor abilities and skills are acquired during the process of…
Yes
From prior movement experience
Postural control and balance.
What is motor control?
Motor abilities and skills are acquired during the process of…
Are the ways in which motor abilities…
Yes
164 terms
Motor control
gross motor tasks
fine motor tasks
discrete motor tasks
serial motor tasks
large primary muscles (squats, weight lifting, etc)- usually…
small primary muscles (ex writing)- often involves manipulati…
brief actions with a well-defined beginning and end, usually…
a sequence of discrete actions or steps linked together with…
gross motor tasks
large primary muscles (squats, weight lifting, etc)- usually…
fine motor tasks
small primary muscles (ex writing)- often involves manipulati…
32 terms
Motor Control
What are the two types of motor control?
What is the purpose of reflexes?
How many neuron loops (and what kind)…
Explain the knee jerk reflex?
Reflexes and volitional movements.
Reflex circuits permit the fast responses to potential threat…
Two, one afferent and one efferent neuron loop.
The afferent neuron is connected to a muscle spindle, which d…
What are the two types of motor control?
Reflexes and volitional movements.
What is the purpose of reflexes?
Reflex circuits permit the fast responses to potential threat…
126 terms
Motor Control
Motor Unit
Lower Motor Neuron
Skeletal Muscle
Synapse
- 1 Lower Motor Neuron and all the Skeletal Muscle Cells syna…
- Efferent neurons of the peripheral nervous system... - Carry i…
- Main muscle type of our body... - Connected to our skeleton to…
- Place neuron contacts target cell
Motor Unit
- 1 Lower Motor Neuron and all the Skeletal Muscle Cells syna…
Lower Motor Neuron
- Efferent neurons of the peripheral nervous system... - Carry i…
32 terms
Motor Control
What are upper motor neurons?
What are lower motor neurons?
Where do lmn's and umn's originate from?
What group of muscles are affected by…
Motor neurons that coordinate lower motor neuron activity via…
Motor neurons that send axons to the skeletal muscle. (works…
LMN: Project from spinal cord and brain stem... UMN: Project fro…
proximal musculature (closer to the midline)
What are upper motor neurons?
Motor neurons that coordinate lower motor neuron activity via…
What are lower motor neurons?
Motor neurons that send axons to the skeletal muscle. (works…
65 terms
Motor Control
Motor control
Gross Motor Control
Fine Motor Control
components of motor control
the ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct b…
the ability of a human to move a large muscle group or segmen…
the ability to manipulate precise movement, such as handwriting
Normal muscle tone... Normal postural control... Normal postural me…
Motor control
the ability to make dynamic postural adjustments and direct b…
Gross Motor Control
the ability of a human to move a large muscle group or segmen…
38 terms
motor control
Electrical symbols usually conform to…
______ are used as a form of pictoral…
Are symbols universal?
standard for symbols established by
there is no standard
symbols
no
NEMA
Electrical symbols usually conform to…
there is no standard
______ are used as a form of pictoral…
symbols
49 terms
Motor Control
The differences in people's performanc…
The method scientists use to examine v…
The method scientist use to examine in…
the term ___ describes proficiencies t…
individual differences
Experimental approach
differential approach
skills
The differences in people's performanc…
individual differences
The method scientists use to examine v…
Experimental approach
8 terms
motor controllers
what is the solenoid ?
what is a Control relay
what is are contactors
what are two types of contact
electromechanical devices that operate relay, contractors and…
solenoid operated switches used to open or close motor contro…
provides a safe and convenient means of connecting and discon…
Main or Auxiliary contacts
what is the solenoid ?
electromechanical devices that operate relay, contractors and…
what is a Control relay
solenoid operated switches used to open or close motor contro…
54 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular system
Two Kinds of Equilibrium
Where are hair cells in the vestibular…
Utricle and saccule
Balance and posture requires continuous information about pos…
Static... -Head position/tilt... Dynamic... -Linear, vertical, and an…
Membranous labyrinth of each structure... Within structures wit…
Maintain balance within the human body ... contain maculae (str…
Vestibular system
Balance and posture requires continuous information about pos…
Two Kinds of Equilibrium
Static... -Head position/tilt... Dynamic... -Linear, vertical, and an…
23 terms
Motor Control
What is motor control?
What is the difference between reactiv…
Motor control emerges from the interac…
What are the three factors within the…
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
Individual, task, environment
Action, perception, cognition.... *Need all three for true pictu…
What is motor control?
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
What is the difference between reactiv…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
12 terms
Motor; Motor Control
current dominant classes of theories:
motor program theory-
dynamical systems theory-
Schmidts Schema Theory=
motor program based theory... dynamic systems theory
memory based mechanism that controls movement without influen…
emphasizes the role of information in the environment and mec…
Generalized motor program *limitations how do GMPs originate…
current dominant classes of theories:
motor program based theory... dynamic systems theory
motor program theory-
memory based mechanism that controls movement without influen…
173 terms
Motor Control
Substantia nigra (3 points)
L-DOPA
MPTP
Describe the organization of the motor…
1. It is a brainstem nucleus and part of the basal ganglia.... 2…
A synthetic relative of dopamine, capable of compensating for…
A chemical compound that selectively destroys dopaminergic ce…
- The motor system is hierarchically organized with multiple…
Substantia nigra (3 points)
1. It is a brainstem nucleus and part of the basal ganglia.... 2…
L-DOPA
A synthetic relative of dopamine, capable of compensating for…
17 terms
Motor Control
Describe the knee-jerk reflex?
How many neurones are involved in a kn…
Describe what happens in a spinal refl…
Cortical neurones modulate the activit…
A muscle spindle is stretched resulting in activation of an a…
Two
A person stands on a tack resulting in activation of an affer…
reflex circuits
Describe the knee-jerk reflex?
A muscle spindle is stretched resulting in activation of an a…
How many neurones are involved in a kn…
Two
92 terms
Motor control/ Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Movement
Motor skill
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Genetic and learned movements (skills). Simple to complex
Mutual interaction between our motor system and environment.
Motor Control
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
36 terms
Motor Control Symbols
Auto-Transformer Winding
Breaker
Disconnect With Overload Protection
DPDT Switch
Auto-Transformer Winding
Breaker
32 terms
Movement- Lower Motor Control
Types of movement
Reflex responses
Rhythmic motor patterns
Voluntary movements
• Reflex responses... • Rhythmic motor patterns ... • Voluntary mov…
knee jerk, withdrawal from pain, swallowing. Muscle contracti…
walking, running, chewing. Typically initiation and terminati…
initiated movements to accomplish a specific goal (e.g. piano…
Types of movement
• Reflex responses... • Rhythmic motor patterns ... • Voluntary mov…
Reflex responses
knee jerk, withdrawal from pain, swallowing. Muscle contracti…
22 terms
Movement- Upper Motor Control
Upper motor control
The medial brainstem pathways
Vestibular nuclei
Reticular formation
• Axons from the upper motor neurons descend to influence the…
=modulates the action of MNs in the ventromedial area ... • Vest…
- receive information from inner ear ... - project to medial reg…
- Receives input from higher motor cortex.... - Complicated netw…
Upper motor control
• Axons from the upper motor neurons descend to influence the…
The medial brainstem pathways
=modulates the action of MNs in the ventromedial area ... • Vest…
92 terms
Motor control/ Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Movement
Motor skill
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Genetic and learned movements (skills). Simple to complex
Mutual interaction between our motor system and environment.
Motor Control
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
25 terms
Motor Control
High level
Middle level
Low level
Lateral pathways
Strategy - goal and movement strategy to achieve goal; associ…
Tactics - sequence of spatiotemporal muscle contractions to a…
Execution - activation of motor neuron & interneuron pools to…
Control voluntary movements of distal muscles - under direct…
High level
Strategy - goal and movement strategy to achieve goal; associ…
Middle level
Tactics - sequence of spatiotemporal muscle contractions to a…
78 terms
Motor Control
MOTOR CONTROL
Vestibular System
Two kinds of equilibrium
Two things sensed by semicircular canals
...
- balance and posture
Static... - head position/tilt... Dynamic... - linear, vertical, and…
- Increasing velocity and decreasing velocity (acceleration a…
MOTOR CONTROL
...
Vestibular System
- balance and posture
104 terms
Motor Control
upper motor neurons come from
Caudate nucleus, putamen, Globus palli…
Feedback mechanism in
Receive input from motor cerebral cort…
primary motor cortex in pre central gyrus
Basal nuclei
Basal nuclei
Basal nuclei
upper motor neurons come from
primary motor cortex in pre central gyrus
Caudate nucleus, putamen, Globus palli…
Basal nuclei
70 terms
Motor Control
The ability to regulate and direct the…
The study of postures and movements an…
Motor Control addresses what questions?
________ emerges from interaction of i…
motor control
motor control
How does the Central Nervous System (CNS) organize muscles an…
movement
The ability to regulate and direct the…
motor control
The study of postures and movements an…
motor control
47 terms
Motor Control
Cognition
Attention
Orientation
Arousal
ability to process, sort, retrieve, and manipulate info
ability to focus on specific stimulus wihtout being distracted
knowlwdge related to person,place time/date
alterness/level of consciousness
Cognition
ability to process, sort, retrieve, and manipulate info
Attention
ability to focus on specific stimulus wihtout being distracted
31 terms
Motor Control
Training protocol for pts with neuromu…
Traditional Rehab for management with…
Responsive to activity and environment…
Emerging Rehab management for patients…
Repetitive practice... Afferent input is critical... Task specific…
Compensatory Rehabilitation... Functional maintenance program
Anatomical reorganization... Collateral sprouting... Spared spinal…
Remediation/Recovery ... rehab... Compensatory rehab... Functional mai…
Training protocol for pts with neuromu…
Repetitive practice... Afferent input is critical... Task specific…
Traditional Rehab for management with…
Compensatory Rehabilitation... Functional maintenance program
171 terms
Motor Control
Motor Control encompasses 3 factors. O…
Motor Control encompasses 3 factors. O…
Motor Control encompasses 3 factors. O…
Neuroscience, psychology and biomechan…
neuroscience
psychology
biomechanics
motor control
Motor Control encompasses 3 factors. O…
neuroscience
Motor Control encompasses 3 factors. O…
psychology
31 terms
Motor Control
motor unit
afferent neuron
efferent neuron
interneuron
the basic unit used for motor movement; a group of skeletal m…
sends information about a stimulus to CNS
carries signal away from CNS to initiate action
forms a connection between 2+ neutrons; the majority of neuro…
motor unit
the basic unit used for motor movement; a group of skeletal m…
afferent neuron
sends information about a stimulus to CNS
47 terms
Motor Control
skeletal system
skeletal muscles
tendons
antagonists, synergists
The ____ ____allows for certain movements and restricts others.
The muscles involved in the (mostly) voluntary control of mov…
Muscles are connected to bones via _____.
Muscles are organized around joints in opposition, such that…
skeletal system
The ____ ____allows for certain movements and restricts others.
skeletal muscles
The muscles involved in the (mostly) voluntary control of mov…
9 terms
Motor control
Basal Ganglia
Cerebellum
Direct motor Tract... AKA pyramidal activ…
Indirect Motor Tract... AKA extrapyramida…
organizes movements and posture... determines initial movments…
important in motor coordination... maintains balance and postur…
Originates in cerebral cortex ... Primary for voluntary movemen…
Originates in cerebral cortex and cerebellum... Upper motor neu…
Basal Ganglia
organizes movements and posture... determines initial movments…
Cerebellum
important in motor coordination... maintains balance and postur…
Motor Control
system- balance and posture require co…
feedback info from the head and the ey…
What are the 2 kinds of equilibrium
static equilibrium involves
vestibular system
independent
static... dynamic
head position/tilt
system- balance and posture require co…
vestibular system
feedback info from the head and the ey…
independent
70 terms
Motor Control
changes
functionality
age related changes/functionality
The study of the acquisition of motor…
motor learning
motor control
motor development
motor learning
changes
motor learning
functionality
motor control
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