Study sets matching "motor control"

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Study sets matching "motor control"

158 terms
Motor Control
Skill
3 elements critical to almost any skill
movements
skills consists of
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
has no particular goal
movements
Skill
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
3 elements critical to almost any skill
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
49 terms
Motor Control
What is motor control?
What is the difference between reactiv…
Motor control emerges from the interac…
What are the three factors within the…
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
Individual, task, environment
Action, perception, cognition.
What is motor control?
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
What is the difference between reactiv…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
70 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equalibrioum
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
change in velocity (acceleration or decceleration)... -linear (e…
-Horizontal (linear) acceleration/deceleration... -head position…
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
158 terms
Motor Control
Skill
3 elements critical to almost any skill
movements
skills consists of
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
has no particular goal
movements
Skill
ability to bring about some end results with maximum certaint…
3 elements critical to almost any skill
1. perceiving the relevant environment features... 2. deciding w…
Motor Control
Fasciculus Cuneatus
Fasciculus Cuneocerebellar
Fasciculus Gracilis
Lateral Spinothalamic
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Column- Dorsal (Sensory) ... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in LE and…
Column- Lateral (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in periph…
Fasciculus Cuneatus
Column- Dorsal (Sensory)... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
Fasciculus Cuneocerebellar
Column- Dorsal (Sensory) ... Origin-Sensory receptors in UE and…
64 terms
Motor Control
anosognosia
basal ganglia (book)
caudate
cerebellum
Lack of awareness of one's own disability.
caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus = major components of t…
1/3 major nuclei of basal ganglia in the cerebral hemispheres…
motor coordination, posture, balance, and some cognitive proc…
anosognosia
Lack of awareness of one's own disability.
basal ganglia (book)
caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus = major components of t…
Motor Control
motor control
Reason for complexities of CNS
Motor control theories provide:
theories of motor control
• Definition: Use of previous information (memory) and curren…
- Overlap of function promotes neuroplasticity... - Improved per…
• Framework for interpreting behavior... • A guide to clinical a…
• Reflex Theory... • Hierarchical Theory... • Motor Programming The…
motor control
• Definition: Use of previous information (memory) and curren…
Reason for complexities of CNS
- Overlap of function promotes neuroplasticity... - Improved per…
24 terms
Motor Control
Babinski Reflex
Flexor withdrawal
Crossed Extension
Galant or trunk incurvation reaction
0-12 months... Stroke lateral aspect of foot... Look for extension…
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot or palm of h…
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot.... Withdrawal…
0-2 months... Sharp stroke along paravertebral line from scapula…
Babinski Reflex
0-12 months... Stroke lateral aspect of foot... Look for extension…
Flexor withdrawal
0-2 months... Sharp, quick pressure to sole of foot or palm of h…
52 terms
Motor control and motor learning
Definition of motor control
Complexities of motor control
Reflex theory of motor control
spinal level reflexes
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
It requires access to sensory information from the environmen…
stimulus generates response;... Reflexes build complex behavior;…
flexor withdrawl, crossed extension, traction, moro, startle,…
Definition of motor control
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
Complexities of motor control
It requires access to sensory information from the environmen…
38 terms
motor control
Electrical symbols usually conform to…
______ are used as a form of pictoral…
Are symbols universal?
standard for symbols established by
there is no standard
symbols
no
NEMA
Electrical symbols usually conform to…
there is no standard
______ are used as a form of pictoral…
symbols
Motor Control
The differences in people's performanc…
The method scientists use to examine v…
The method scientist use to examine in…
the term ___ describes proficiencies t…
individual differences
Experimental approach
differential approach
skills
The differences in people's performanc…
individual differences
The method scientists use to examine v…
Experimental approach
Motor Control
Coach's responsibility
Intrinsic motivation
extrinsic motivation
drive theory
-teacher- patient
reasons to perform or even try ... within learner
reasons to perform or try outside the learner ... reward
best performance comes from high levels of motivation
Coach's responsibility
-teacher- patient
Intrinsic motivation
reasons to perform or even try ... within learner
47 terms
Motor Control
2 Types of Sensory Neurons
Muscle Length
Muscle Force
Static
Muscle Length Muscle Force
Muscle Spindle
Golgi Tendon Organ
Maintain Length
2 Types of Sensory Neurons
Muscle Length Muscle Force
Muscle Length
Muscle Spindle
Motor Control
What is motor control?
What is the difference between reactiv…
Motor control emerges from the interac…
What are the three factors within the…
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
Individual, task, environment
Action, perception, cognition.... *Need all three for true pictu…
What is motor control?
The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
What is the difference between reactiv…
Reactive is without thought. Proactive is planned or previous…
164 terms
Motor control
gross motor tasks
fine motor tasks
discrete motor tasks
serial motor tasks
large primary muscles (squats, weight lifting, etc)- usually…
small primary muscles (ex writing)- often involves manipulati…
brief actions with a well-defined beginning and end, usually…
a sequence of discrete actions or steps linked together with…
gross motor tasks
large primary muscles (squats, weight lifting, etc)- usually…
fine motor tasks
small primary muscles (ex writing)- often involves manipulati…
Motor; Motor Control
current dominant classes of theories:
motor program theory-
dynamical systems theory-
Schmidts Schema Theory=
motor program based theory... dynamic systems theory
memory based mechanism that controls movement without influen…
emphasizes the role of information in the environment and mec…
Generalized motor program *limitations how do GMPs originate…
current dominant classes of theories:
motor program based theory... dynamic systems theory
motor program theory-
memory based mechanism that controls movement without influen…
204 terms
Motor Control Test 2
Models of Practice
Models of function and disability
Hypothesis-oriented clinical practice
Theory of Motor Control & Motor Learning
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
Models of Practice
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
Models of function and disability
Five Components of a Conceptual Framework for Clinical Interv…
29 terms
Motor Control
number of dendritic spines
number of synaptic connections
cerbellar purkinje cells
coordinated movement
can number in the thousands; can visibly grow as seen under m…
6,000 to 10,000 (typical)
>100,000 synapses; involved in learned skilled movement
-connection pathways between neurons established... -repeated us…
number of dendritic spines
can number in the thousands; can visibly grow as seen under m…
number of synaptic connections
6,000 to 10,000 (typical)
16 terms
Motor control
motor control emerges from interaction…
MOVE
three major factors affect motor learn…
memory and learning are not limited to…
motor control emerges from interaction of the individual with…
Motivation... Olfaction... Visual... Emotion
1. environmental conditions... 2. cognitive processes ... 3. moveme…
discrete
motor control emerges from interaction…
motor control emerges from interaction of the individual with…
MOVE
Motivation... Olfaction... Visual... Emotion
27 terms
Motor Control - Exam IV
PNF __________ is from distal to proxi…
________________ : maximal resistance…
_______________: Overflow or irradiati…
______________: Verbal cues allow for…
Timing
Timing for emphasis
Overflow or irradiation
Verbal cues
PNF __________ is from distal to proxi…
Timing
________________ : maximal resistance…
Timing for emphasis
Motor Control
What happens when you lose motor neuro…
Components of motor cortex
Primary motor cortex
Premotor cortex
Loss of motor control on the left side of the body
Primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, supplemental motor cor…
Responsible for intentional fine motor movement
Deals with learned movements and specific tasks
What happens when you lose motor neuro…
Loss of motor control on the left side of the body
Components of motor cortex
Primary motor cortex, premotor cortex, supplemental motor cor…
Motor Control
brainstem pathway functions
4 brainstem pathways
vestibulospinal tract... what does it co…
reticulospinal tract... what does it con…
descending... controls the pattern of somatic motor activity... -a…
1. vestibulospinal... 2. reticulospinal... 3. tectospinal... 4. rubros…
controls posture and balance... ends in the vestibular nucleus…
controls posture and balance... ends in the reticular formation…
brainstem pathway functions
descending... controls the pattern of somatic motor activity... -a…
4 brainstem pathways
1. vestibulospinal... 2. reticulospinal... 3. tectospinal... 4. rubros…
31 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equilibrium
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
Linear, vertical and angular acceleration
-Horizontal acceleration/deceleration... -head position / tilt
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
45 terms
Motor Control
Sensory systems
Adaptation
Mechanoreceptors
Pacinian corpuscle
sensory receptor (detection) + sensory organ (processing) + p…
decrease in response with continued stimulation
respond to mechanical pressure or distortion. Large, myelinat…
sense vibration, fast adapting
Sensory systems
sensory receptor (detection) + sensory organ (processing) + p…
Adaptation
decrease in response with continued stimulation
94 terms
Motor Control - Exam 1
How is motor control defined?
How has motor control's recent emphasi…
What 3 main motor control elements aff…
When are these 3 elements considered b…
The study of the nature and cause of movement
Increased it by improving its validity
1. The individual... 2. The task... 3. The environment
When developing a plan of care
How is motor control defined?
The study of the nature and cause of movement
How has motor control's recent emphasi…
Increased it by improving its validity
70 terms
Motor Control
Vestibular System
Static equilibrium
Dynamic equalibrioum
Maculae of utricle
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Head position / tilt
change in velocity (acceleration or decceleration)... -linear (e…
-Horizontal acceleration/deceleration... -head position / tilt
Vestibular System
-Balance and posture require continuous information about pos…
Static equilibrium
Head position / tilt
56 terms
Motor Control: Part 2
Information processing steps:
Open Loop Process steps:
Closed Loop Process Steps:
examples of a open loop skill:
1) input... 2) stimulus identification... 3) response selection... 4)…
1) executive control center (brain)... 2) commands ... 3) effectors…
1) executive control center... 2) effectors ... 3) executive contro…
movements of short duration/ programmed in advance... -throwing…
Information processing steps:
1) input... 2) stimulus identification... 3) response selection... 4)…
Open Loop Process steps:
1) executive control center (brain)... 2) commands ... 3) effectors…
68 terms
Motor Control: Part 3
Individual differences:
What are the 2 aspects of individual t…
Skill:
abilities:
1) personality... 2) intelligence... 3) motor abilities
1) distinguishing abilities of individuals... 2)predicting futur…
Proficiency, persistency, flexibility, automatically, practic…
inherited, innate, not learned, begin with them... -require vari…
Individual differences:
1) personality... 2) intelligence... 3) motor abilities
What are the 2 aspects of individual t…
1) distinguishing abilities of individuals... 2)predicting futur…
54 terms
Motor Control: Part 1
Motor control:
Motor Learning:
Motor Behaviour:
Skill:
how a movement is produced
Changes in how a movement is produced
Study of processes that lead to skilled actions
Ability to achieve a result with max certainty, minimum energ…
Motor control:
how a movement is produced
Motor Learning:
Changes in how a movement is produced
MOTOR CONTROL
What are the 3 levels of motor control?
what is strategy of motor control?
what is tactics of motor control?
what is execution of motor control?
1. strategy... 2. tactics ... 3. execution
the goal of the movement and the best way to achieve the goal
the sequence of muscle contractions required to achieve the g…
activation of motor neurons that carry out the movement
What are the 3 levels of motor control?
1. strategy... 2. tactics ... 3. execution
what is strategy of motor control?
the goal of the movement and the best way to achieve the goal
95 terms
Motor Control
which stage? Flaccidity, no voluntary…
Which stage? Weak Associate Reactions,…
Which stage? 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 or full syn…
Which stage? mass or hook grasp
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Stage 3
which stage? Flaccidity, no voluntary…
Stage 1
Which stage? Weak Associate Reactions,…
Stage 2
92 terms
Motor control/ Motor Learning
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Movement
Motor skill
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
Genetic and learned movements (skills). Simple to complex
Mutual interaction between our motor system and environment.
Motor Control
The study of movements in humans and animals. The ability to…
Motor Learning
A set of processes associated with practice or experience lea…
126 terms
Motor Control
Motor Unit
Lower Motor Neuron
Skeletal Muscle
Synapse
- 1 Lower Motor Neuron and all the Skeletal Muscle Cells syna…
- Efferent neurons of the peripheral nervous system... - Carry i…
- Main muscle type of our body... - Connected to our skeleton to…
- Place neuron contacts target cell
Motor Unit
- 1 Lower Motor Neuron and all the Skeletal Muscle Cells syna…
Lower Motor Neuron
- Efferent neurons of the peripheral nervous system... - Carry i…
173 terms
Motor Control
Substantia nigra (3 points)
L-DOPA
MPTP
Describe the organization of the motor…
1. It is a brainstem nucleus and part of the basal ganglia.... 2…
A synthetic relative of dopamine, capable of compensating for…
A chemical compound that selectively destroys dopaminergic ce…
- The motor system is hierarchically organized with multiple…
Substantia nigra (3 points)
1. It is a brainstem nucleus and part of the basal ganglia.... 2…
L-DOPA
A synthetic relative of dopamine, capable of compensating for…
32 terms
Motor Control
What are upper motor neurons?
What are lower motor neurons?
Where do lmn's and umn's originate from?
What group of muscles are affected by…
Motor neurons that coordinate lower motor neuron activity via…
Motor neurons that send axons to the skeletal muscle. (works…
LMN: Project from spinal cord and brain stem... UMN: Project fro…
proximal musculature (closer to the midline)
What are upper motor neurons?
Motor neurons that coordinate lower motor neuron activity via…
What are lower motor neurons?
Motor neurons that send axons to the skeletal muscle. (works…
8 terms
motor controllers
what is the solenoid ?
what is a Control relay
what is are contactors
what are two types of contact
electromechanical devices that operate relay, contractors and…
solenoid operated switches used to open or close motor contro…
provides a safe and convenient means of connecting and discon…
Main or Auxiliary contacts
what is the solenoid ?
electromechanical devices that operate relay, contractors and…
what is a Control relay
solenoid operated switches used to open or close motor contro…
145 terms
Motor Learning and Control Final
Chapter 9
What does attention refer to?
What are the limitations of those three?
What are the attention theories? (4)
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
Simultaneous performance of multiple skills and the detection…
1. Filter Theories (bottleneck)... 2. Resource Capacity Theories…
Chapter 9
---Attention as a Limited Capacity Resource---
What does attention refer to?
- Consciousness... - Awareness... - Cognitive Effort
57 terms
Motor Control: PNF Patterns
U/E bilateral patterns symmetrical
U/E bilateral patterns asymmetrical
U/E bilateral patterns reciprocal
U/E bilateral patterns reciprocal asym…
same patterns, same directions
opposite patterns, same directions... EX: chop, reverse chop, li…
Same patterns, opposite directions
opposite patterns, opposite directions... Normally NOT performed!
U/E bilateral patterns symmetrical
same patterns, same directions
U/E bilateral patterns asymmetrical
opposite patterns, same directions... EX: chop, reverse chop, li…
43 terms
Motor Control
Motor control
t/f: motor control theories are used i…
reflex theory
what are the limitations of the reflex…
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
false
All behaviors are explained by individual reflexes that are c…
- does not account for voluntary movements ... - does not accoun…
Motor control
the ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential to…
t/f: motor control theories are used i…
false
Motor Control
What is motor control?
Are the ways in which motor abilities…
How do we learn motor control?
What do we need to develop motor contr…
Motor abilities and skills are acquired during the process of…
Yes
From prior movement experience
Postural control and balance.
What is motor control?
Motor abilities and skills are acquired during the process of…
Are the ways in which motor abilities…
Yes
7 terms
Motor control
Corticospinal tract (where motor neuro…
Reflex circuits
Motor control is regulated...
Superior colliculus
Corona Radiata... Internal capsule... Midbrain... Pyramid (found in an…
Permit fast responses to potential threats and do not require…
By cortical and subcortical structures... The cortical structure…
Plays important role in generating reflexive eye movements (i…
Corticospinal tract (where motor neuro…
Corona Radiata... Internal capsule... Midbrain... Pyramid (found in an…
Reflex circuits
Permit fast responses to potential threats and do not require…
48 terms
Motor Control
CVP + MS
N + MS
CVP + N
ANS + immune system
capacity for mvmnt
control of mvmnt
neural perfusion
overlapping into all normal motor control sys
CVP + MS
capacity for mvmnt
N + MS
control of mvmnt
MOTOR Control
Motor Control
Definition
Issue
Theory
Purposefully controlling movements
The ability to use one's body effectively while performing an…
CNS damage due to trauma or development
Neurophysiology, Neuropsychology, Human development, Psycholo…
Motor Control
Purposefully controlling movements
Definition
The ability to use one's body effectively while performing an…
74 terms
Motor Control
Sodium potassium pump
potential
membrane potential
bipolar
2 K in, 3 Na out
separation of electric charge
potential of the inside of the cell with respect to outside o…
interneuron (memory, planning)
Sodium potassium pump
2 K in, 3 Na out
potential
separation of electric charge
Motor control
Visual acuity
Static visual acuity
Dynamic visual acuity
Depth perception
the sharpness of vision
measured w an eye chart
ability to discriminate moving objects
requires binocular vision; involves static or dynamic conditi…
Visual acuity
the sharpness of vision
Static visual acuity
measured w an eye chart
31 terms
Motor Control
Training protocol for pts with neuromu…
Traditional Rehab for management with…
Responsive to activity and environment…
Emerging Rehab management for patients…
Repetitive practice... Afferent input is critical... Task specific…
Compensatory Rehabilitation... Functional maintenance program
Anatomical reorganization... Collateral sprouting... Spared spinal…
Remediation/Recovery ... rehab... Compensatory rehab... Functional mai…
Training protocol for pts with neuromu…
Repetitive practice... Afferent input is critical... Task specific…
Traditional Rehab for management with…
Compensatory Rehabilitation... Functional maintenance program
75 terms
Motor control
what is movement
motor control
this includes
motor learning
individual generates movement to meet the the demands of the…
control of movements in humans and animals ... direct mechanisms…
perception cognition and action
how movements are learned ... how it is changed based on practice
what is movement
individual generates movement to meet the the demands of the…
motor control
control of movements in humans and animals ... direct mechanisms…
26 terms
Motor Control
Two kinds of equilibrium
static equilibrium
dynamic equilibrium
maculae
static ... dynamic
head position/tilt
linear, vertical, and angular acceleration
hair cells ... otolithic membrane ... otoliths
Two kinds of equilibrium
static ... dynamic
static equilibrium
head position/tilt
18 terms
Motor control
sensation/reflex
hierarchic theory
response/reflex
mobility category of function
initially, sensation cues reflexive movements in which a few…
top-down perspective. cortex is highest level of control. it…
righting and equilibrium reactions are complex postural respo…
movement is initiated, erratic, lacks purpose and are often r…
sensation/reflex
initially, sensation cues reflexive movements in which a few…
hierarchic theory
top-down perspective. cortex is highest level of control. it…
Motor Control
Stimulus identification
Response selection
Response programming
Executive
sensing environmental information... and determining what it is
serves to generate a response to one's perception of... the stim…
selection of appropriate motor program; command the correct m…
The stages of information processing; stimulus identification…
Stimulus identification
sensing environmental information... and determining what it is
Response selection
serves to generate a response to one's perception of... the stim…
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