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Study sets matching "motor learning and development"

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Study sets matching "motor learning and development"

Motor Development: Motor Learning
Motor Development
Recovery of Function
What is the difference between Motor L…
Motor Learning
-the study of the acquisition and/or modification of movement…
the reacquisition of movement skills lost through injury
-Learning is a relatively permanent change... -Performance is a…
-Motor learning is a process that takes place within the lear…
Motor Development
-the study of the acquisition and/or modification of movement…
Recovery of Function
the reacquisition of movement skills lost through injury
20 terms
Motor Development & Motor Learning
Motor Development is the interrelation…
Physical Ability
Skill Development
Maturation
physical ability, skill development, maturation process
Mastery of motor skills
Process of Learning Skills
Where someone is in that process
Motor Development is the interrelation…
physical ability, skill development, maturation process
Physical Ability
Mastery of motor skills
36 terms
Motor Development & Motor Learning Midterm
Fundamental Movement Skill
Specialized movement skill
Stability
Locomotor
organized series of basic movements that involve the combinat…
fundamental movement skill or combination of FMS that have be…
non-locomotor skills which the body remains in place but move…
the body is transported in a horizontal or vertical direction…
Fundamental Movement Skill
organized series of basic movements that involve the combinat…
Specialized movement skill
fundamental movement skill or combination of FMS that have be…
55 terms
Motor Learning and Development
Brain stem
Medulla Oblongata
Pons
Cerebellum
Connects spinal cord to brain; 3 parts- Medulla, Pons, Mid Br…
Regulates HR, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing…
Regulates sleep
"little brain"... ... Regulates: Balance, posture, locomotion, fin…
Brain stem
Connects spinal cord to brain; 3 parts- Medulla, Pons, Mid Br…
Medulla Oblongata
Regulates HR, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing…
51 terms
Motor Learning and Development
Growth
Maturation
Motor Development
Affordances
Observable changes in quantity
When specific biological events occur
Study of change in motor behavior due to interaction between…
opportunities for action provided by environment
Growth
Observable changes in quantity
Maturation
When specific biological events occur
9 terms
Motor Learning and Development
Information Processing theory
Dynamic Systems Theory
Ecological Theories
Theoretical Perspectives
How the human mind transforms sensory information
Movement occurs between the task environment and the individual
Movement is much more complex then input and output relays
Differ in the manner in which they define development and lea…
Information Processing theory
How the human mind transforms sensory information
Dynamic Systems Theory
Movement occurs between the task environment and the individual
53 terms
Motor Learning and Skills Development
Role of the coach
Stages of human growth and development
Infancy (0-2/3)
Childhood (4-10)
keeping it positive, building self-esteem, balancing, partici…
infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood
most marked growth weight and body length increase, muscle de…
uniform relationship between bones and tissues, rapid growth…
Role of the coach
keeping it positive, building self-esteem, balancing, partici…
Stages of human growth and development
infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood
80 terms
Final Motor Learning and development
According to the cue-utilization hypot…
The capacity of a person to predict wh…
Open skills are externally paced
Individual differences in performance…
true
true
true
false
According to the cue-utilization hypot…
true
The capacity of a person to predict wh…
true
66 terms
Motor Learning and Development
Motor
Muscles
Fine
Gross
Muscles in the human body causes a movement
What in the human body causes a movement
What motor skills involves small muscle movements
What motor skills involves large muscle movement
Motor
Muscles in the human body causes a movement
Muscles
What in the human body causes a movement
49 terms
Motor Development and Learning
Product
Process
Physical growth
Maturation
outcome of performance
underlying mechanism of change
increase in body size and/or body part
fixed transitions or order of progressions that enable a pers…
Product
outcome of performance
Process
underlying mechanism of change
11 terms
Motor Learning and Development
Exteroceptors
Interoceptors
Proprioceptors
PNS
Detects stimuli outside of the body and provide information a…
Detect stimuli from the internal viscera and provide informat…
Provide information regarding body position and movement by d…
Peripheral Nervous System; can be subdivided into two differe…
Exteroceptors
Detects stimuli outside of the body and provide information a…
Interoceptors
Detect stimuli from the internal viscera and provide informat…
45 terms
Motor Learning and Development Final
Which of the following is not a princi…
Which of the following is NOT true of…
Demonstrations may be effective when
Which of the following is not a guidel…
Setting general goals
Learning models provide almost perfect demonstrations.
people are learning a movement sequence
Use technical terms to promote thinking
Which of the following is not a princi…
Setting general goals
Which of the following is NOT true of…
Learning models provide almost perfect demonstrations.
159 terms
Motor Development and Learning
What is early development controlled by?
What do genes do?
The embryo and fetus is?
Where is the amniotic sac?
Genes.
Determine normal aspects of development
Sensitive to extrinsic factors
In the uterus, where nutrients are being delivered to the fet…
What is early development controlled by?
Genes.
What do genes do?
Determine normal aspects of development
12 terms
KNH motor development and learning
Tremor
chorea
Athetosis
Tics
rhythmic involuntary oscillating of a body part. Usually invo…
rapid, continuous, irregular, brief, purposeless movements, o…
slow, irregular undulating, writhing-type movement, often ass…
stereotyped, irregular simple or complex movements
Tremor
rhythmic involuntary oscillating of a body part. Usually invo…
chorea
rapid, continuous, irregular, brief, purposeless movements, o…
27 terms
Motor Learning, Control And Development
What is motor learning?
What is motor control?
What is motor development?
What are movements?
It is the study of learning/developing a new skill, performan…
It is the study of how the neuromuscular system functions to…
It is the study of of human development from infancy to old age
These are specific patterns of motions among joints and body…
What is motor learning?
It is the study of learning/developing a new skill, performan…
What is motor control?
It is the study of how the neuromuscular system functions to…
53 terms
Motor Learning and Development
The elements of the generalized motor…
Using a smaller ball when practicing t…
The action possibilities of the enviro…
An unexpected power outage causes a pe…
parameters
task constraint
affordances
rate limiter
The elements of the generalized motor…
parameters
Using a smaller ball when practicing t…
task constraint
63 terms
motor control, development, & learning
motor control
motor control theories provide:
motor control theory
understanding the neuromotor processes…
study of the nature, cause & mechanisms of posture & mvmt con…
-frameworks for interpreting behavior... -guide for clinical act…
-understanding how mvmt is governed, organized & executed... -un…
set appropriate LTG and STG... choose appropriate therapy activi…
motor control
study of the nature, cause & mechanisms of posture & mvmt con…
motor control theories provide:
-frameworks for interpreting behavior... -guide for clinical act…
35 terms
Motor Learning and Development Final
Motor development
motor learning
motor control
Constraint (functional, task, structur…
change in movement behavior, sequential age related continuou…
relatively permanent gains in motor skill capability associat…
the neural, physical, and behavioral aspects of movement.
Structural- related to the bodies structure... eg. height and mu…
Motor development
change in movement behavior, sequential age related continuou…
motor learning
relatively permanent gains in motor skill capability associat…
125 terms
Motor Learning and Development Final
Growth
Maturation
Motor Development
Affordances
observable changes in quantity; an increase in body size
when specific biological events occur; the underlying timetab…
the study of change in motor behavior resulting from the inte…
opportunities for action that objects, events, or places in t…
Growth
observable changes in quantity; an increase in body size
Maturation
when specific biological events occur; the underlying timetab…
52 terms
motor learning and development final
Motor learning
motor learning defined as
Performance Curves limitations
Relatively permanent effects of practice
is a set of processes associated with practice or experience…
learning results from practice or experience increase ability…
performance curves are not learning curves. They do not measu…
persist across many days even years. Goal development of prac…
Motor learning
is a set of processes associated with practice or experience…
motor learning defined as
learning results from practice or experience increase ability…
63 terms
Motor Learning and Development Final
The performer determines the beginning…
Classifying skills into general catego…
The size of a pen that a person uses t…
Skilled individuals are much less effi…
True
True
True
False
The performer determines the beginning…
True
Classifying skills into general catego…
True
39 terms
Motor Control, Learning and Development
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Motor Development
Factors Affecting Motor Control
Ability to maintain/change posture or and movement
Brings about a permanent change through practice
Dynamic process that produces milestones
INDIVIDUAL meets the demands of the TASK in a specific ENVIRO…
Motor Control
Ability to maintain/change posture or and movement
Motor Learning
Brings about a permanent change through practice
24 terms
Chapter 10: Motor Development and Learning
Why are reflexes important?
What does the Moro reflex signify to a…
What is the Moro reflex?
What are signs of fine and gross motor…
For the baby to eat, grasp, and protect himself.
The baby is stressed and needs to be comforted.
A response to a sudden loss of support, when the infant feels…
• being late to reach physical milestones, like rolling over…
Why are reflexes important?
For the baby to eat, grasp, and protect himself.
What does the Moro reflex signify to a…
The baby is stressed and needs to be comforted.
55 terms
Motor Development Control and Learning
If there is no change in behavior has…
memory that must be processed
recall memory
reflexive memory
no
declarative memory
declarative memory
non-declarative memory
If there is no change in behavior has…
no
memory that must be processed
declarative memory
18 terms
Motor Development, Learning, Cognition
Sensation
Visual perception (3)
Colour perception (3)
Face perception
processing of external world though receptors in sense organs
1) acuity: ability to see clearly... 2) scanning: at birth outer…
4 weeks: white and red are noticeably different... 8 weeks: dist…
prefer more complex patterns
Sensation
processing of external world though receptors in sense organs
Visual perception (3)
1) acuity: ability to see clearly... 2) scanning: at birth outer…
29 terms
Concepts Motor & Learning Development
motor development
motor learning
motor control
physical growth
sequential, continuous, age-related process whereby movement…
relatively permanent gains in motor skills capability associa…
the study of the neural, physical and behavioral aspects of m…
an increase in size or body mass resulting from an increase i…
motor development
sequential, continuous, age-related process whereby movement…
motor learning
relatively permanent gains in motor skills capability associa…
34 terms
Motor Learning Development Final
Accommodation
Assimilation
Cephalocaudial
Contextual perspective
the second facet of adaptation, the individual attempts to ad…
is a process by which children attempt to interpret new exper…
"from the head to the tail"
the recognition of factors other than age and their effects o…
Accommodation
the second facet of adaptation, the individual attempts to ad…
Assimilation
is a process by which children attempt to interpret new exper…
Child Development - Learning and Motor Development
Classical Conditioning
Operant Conditioning
Statistical Learning
Observational Learning
- Neutral stimulus linked with a meaningful stimulus... - Pavlov…
- Relation between one's own behavior and the consequences th…
- Detecting statistically predictable patterns from the envir…
- Learning about the social world, relations between self and…
Classical Conditioning
- Neutral stimulus linked with a meaningful stimulus... - Pavlov…
Operant Conditioning
- Relation between one's own behavior and the consequences th…
14 terms
CSET 129: Growth, Motor Development, and Motor Learning
Perceptual abilities
Somatype
Endomorphs
Mesomorphs
Activities that involve interpreting auditory, visual, and ta…
Another term for body type. Deals with how fat, muscular, and…
Naturally "large" or "big boned" with a pear-shaped bodies an…
"Muscular" with an hourglass figure, broad shoulders, small w…
Perceptual abilities
Activities that involve interpreting auditory, visual, and ta…
Somatype
Another term for body type. Deals with how fat, muscular, and…
46 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam 2
Bernstein's Learning Stages
Degrees of freedom
coordinative structures
Gentiles Learning Stages
Based on the degrees of freedom... Stage 1: Freezing the limbs... S…
the number of functional units that are required to solve a m…
formed by constraining or limiting potential options (ex. mus…
developed to assist practitioners by not only describing the…
Bernstein's Learning Stages
Based on the degrees of freedom... Stage 1: Freezing the limbs... S…
Degrees of freedom
the number of functional units that are required to solve a m…
44 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam #1
Opened skill
Closed skill
Serial skill
Continuous skill
performed in an unpredictable environment that often requires…
the environment is predictable and allows actions to be plann…
several discrete actions put together in a sequence where the…
action has no foreseeable end
Opened skill
performed in an unpredictable environment that often requires…
Closed skill
the environment is predictable and allows actions to be plann…
12 terms
EXPH 2106 Cog/Motor Learning MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Motor Development
Movement Pattern
Movement Skill
Stages of motor development
-continuous change in motor behavior throughout the life cycl…
-a combination of movements organized according to a particul…
-a fundamental movement pattern performed with greater accura…
-milestones of developmental progress toward achieving the go…
Motor Development
-continuous change in motor behavior throughout the life cycl…
Movement Pattern
-a combination of movements organized according to a particul…
40 terms
Motor Learning and Development Week 6
Presentation
Skill presentation
Task presentation
Effectiveness
How you share information via different communication strateg…
what the skill is and how to do skill
how to perform learning activity
Learners attend to and understand information instructor/coac…
Presentation
How you share information via different communication strateg…
Skill presentation
what the skill is and how to do skill
63 terms
Motor learning development Week 1
Motor Behaviour
Motor control
Motor Learning
Motor Development
Study of movement and movement processes.
Study of how processes affect the control of movement
Study of the learning of skilled movements
Study of how the learning and control of motor skills change…
Motor Behaviour
Study of movement and movement processes.
Motor control
Study of how processes affect the control of movement
40 terms
Neuro Motor Control Learning and Development
Motor Control
Stages of Motor Control
Steps in Motor Control
Components of Motor Control
-The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential t…
-The improvement in motor control parallels normal motor deve…
-Stimulus Identification... -Response Selection... -Response Progra…
-Motor Program... -Motor Plan... -Motor Memory
Motor Control
-The ability to regulate or direct the mechanisms essential t…
Stages of Motor Control
-The improvement in motor control parallels normal motor deve…
Competency 1 Principles of Motor Development and Motor Learning
Comp 1.0
Stages of motor development
Stage 1
Stage 2
Principles of Motor Development and Motor Learning
Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3, Stage 4
Children progress from simple reflexes to basic movements suc…
Children learn more complex motor patterns including running,…
Comp 1.0
Principles of Motor Development and Motor Learning
Stages of motor development
Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3, Stage 4
13 terms
Motor learning and Development chapter 3
Socialization
Self-esteem & physical activity
Development of self-esteem: early
Development of self-esteem: mid to late
an active process of forming relationships and learning from…
self- esteem: how much we believe ourselves to be competent a…
-childhood: has difficulty expressing self-worth verbally.
- can distinguish among various forms of competence and expre…
Socialization
an active process of forming relationships and learning from…
Self-esteem & physical activity
self- esteem: how much we believe ourselves to be competent a…
15 terms
Motor Learning and Development chapter 1
What is motor development?
4 domains of human development
Elements of change
growth
changes that occur in our ability to move as we proceed throu…
1- Cognitive: intellectual dev.... 2- Affective: social/emotiona…
qualitative multifactorial... directional cumulative... sequential…
quantitative structural changes occurring with age
What is motor development?
changes that occur in our ability to move as we proceed throu…
4 domains of human development
1- Cognitive: intellectual dev.... 2- Affective: social/emotiona…
36 terms
Human growth, Develop and Motor Learning
Describe some factors that influence s…
Discuss some considerations about how…
Compare and contrast the typical growt…
Discuss how some common practices by e…
Health, family. Also if the mother suffer from depression dur…
Two significant factors are individual exercise training and…
Girls typically have grow spurts two years earlier than boys.…
Studies have found that adolescent wrestlers gained less weig…
Describe some factors that influence s…
Health, family. Also if the mother suffer from depression dur…
Discuss some considerations about how…
Two significant factors are individual exercise training and…
Motor Learning and Development Unit 1
Motor Skills
Motor learning
Motor control
Motor development
Activities/ task that require voluntary head, body, and/or li…
The study of the change in capability of a person to perform…
The study of movement and postures and the mechanism that und…
The study of change in motor behavior as a function of aging
Motor Skills
Activities/ task that require voluntary head, body, and/or li…
Motor learning
The study of the change in capability of a person to perform…
71 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam 1
performance
learning
6 general performance characteristics…
improvement
the behavioral act of executing a skill at a specific time an…
change in the capability of a person to perform a skill; it m…
1. improvement 2. consistency 3. stability 4. persistence 5.…
the person performs at a higher level of skill at some later…
performance
the behavioral act of executing a skill at a specific time an…
learning
change in the capability of a person to perform a skill; it m…
34 terms
Motor development and learning- test 3
Fundamental locomotor skills
Walking
Gait cycle
Gait cycle phases
Are the building blocks of more specific skills developed lat…
Characterized by a progressive alteration of leading legs and…
Distance covered by two heel strikes of the same foot
Swing phase ... Support phase ... Double support phase
Fundamental locomotor skills
Are the building blocks of more specific skills developed lat…
Walking
Characterized by a progressive alteration of leading legs and…
33 terms
Chapter 2 - Motor Development and Motor Learning for Children
Motor development
Motor learning
Elements considered assessing
Growth patterns
The changes that occur in human movement across the lifespan…
A relatively permanent change in performance as a result of p…
learner, task, environment
Patterns are genetically determined, there is a predictable p…
Motor development
The changes that occur in human movement across the lifespan…
Motor learning
A relatively permanent change in performance as a result of p…
158 terms
The Physical Education Program/Motor Learning/Motor Development
Adventure P.E Curriculum typically inc…
Important considerations in Adventure Ed
General characteristics and effects of…
Obesity in children
1) High elements... 2) Low elements... 3) Ground activities (low…
1) Getting children off the ground poses psychological and ph…
-Biological changes happen at different times for boys and gi…
-Increased body weight caused by excessive fat.... *25% over th…
Adventure P.E Curriculum typically inc…
1) High elements... 2) Low elements... 3) Ground activities (low…
Important considerations in Adventure Ed
1) Getting children off the ground poses psychological and ph…
31 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam #2
As individuals move into early childho…
Gabbard has referred to fundamental fu…
Fundamental movement skills can be div…
A synonym for "qualitative" is:
The emergence of movement skill
Complex skill combinations used in sporting activities
Stability skills, locomotor skills, manipulative skills
Process
As individuals move into early childho…
The emergence of movement skill
Gabbard has referred to fundamental fu…
Complex skill combinations used in sporting activities
107 terms
Motor Learning & Development Unit 1
Skill
Motor Skill
Movement
Actions
Activity or task that has a specific goal to achieve ex: walk…
- Performed voluntarily ... - Requires head, body, and or limb m…
- Component part of skills; behavior characteristics of a spe…
- Synonymous with skills... - a family of movements... - a variety…
Skill
Activity or task that has a specific goal to achieve ex: walk…
Motor Skill
- Performed voluntarily ... - Requires head, body, and or limb m…
106 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam 1
Motor Control
Motor Learning
Motor Development
Skill
How neuromuscular system functions to activate and coordinate…
Study of acquisition of motor sills, the performance enhancem…
Study of human development from infancy to old age with speci…
activity or task that has a specific goal to achieve
Motor Control
How neuromuscular system functions to activate and coordinate…
Motor Learning
Study of acquisition of motor sills, the performance enhancem…
16 terms
Motor Development and Learning Exam 2
speed-accuracy trade off
Fitts' Law
experimental method
differential method
the tendency for people to "give up" speed in order to trader…
states that MT is constant whenever the ratio of the movement…
methods that typically involve conducting an actual experimen…
concerns differences between and among people
speed-accuracy trade off
the tendency for people to "give up" speed in order to trader…
Fitts' Law
states that MT is constant whenever the ratio of the movement…
73 terms
Motor learning and Development Exam 2
What is Learning
Characteristics of Learning
Outcome measures
Negative slope
Relatively permanent change in behavior; persists overtime
improvement, consistence, adaptability, persistence, stability
time, distance, accuracy, frequency, consistency
rapid learning
What is Learning
Relatively permanent change in behavior; persists overtime
Characteristics of Learning
improvement, consistence, adaptability, persistence, stability
44 terms
Motor Learning and Development Exam #1
Opened skill
Closed skill
Serial skill
Continuous skill
performed in an unpredictable environment that often requires…
the environment is predictable and allows actions to be plann…
several discrete actions put together in a sequence where the…
action has no foreseeable end
Opened skill
performed in an unpredictable environment that often requires…
Closed skill
the environment is predictable and allows actions to be plann…
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